Symptoms and treatment of foot arthrosis - a complete overview of the disease
Arthrosis is one of the most common joint diseases. Often it affects people of working age, significantly reducing the quality of their future lives. With this pathology, degenerative-dystrophic changes occur in the cartilaginous tissue of the joints, deformation and destruction of the joints occur. If a person has arthrosis of the foot - dystrophic changes most often appear in the joints of the big toes. As a rule, the disease is easy to diagnose, the characteristic symptoms are obvious even with a visual examination of the patient's legs.
On photo of arthrosis of the thumb
Symptoms of the disease
The main symptoms of the pathology depend on the degree of involvement of the joint tissues:
At the first degree( the initial stage of the disease), the person observes periodic pains in the forefoot area, which most often occur after a load on the legs.
Disease of the 2nd degree is characterized by a more pronounced pain syndrome and the appearance of a noticeable thickening of the metatarsal bone( "bones") - this causes some limitations in the mobility of the foot. With increased physical exertion on the legs, pain can be intensified and permanent.
On the third degree, the symptoms of foot arthrosis progress significantly: there is a pronounced deformity of the joints, movement of the foot is practically impossible.
And a couple more characteristic symptoms. A person suffering from arthrosis of the joints of the foot has a special gait: he walks, leaning on the outer edge of the foot, slightly limping. The skin near the affected joint can turn red, and the foot of the affected leg becomes swollen.
Possible causes of
Arthrosis of the foot may occur for the following reasons:
- excessive body weight;
- flat feet;Uncomfortable shoes;
- is a professional activity associated with long stay on the feet;
- genetic features of joint structure;
- curvature of the spine;
- wrong power supply.
All of the above reasons are related to predisposing factors: they can promote the development of osteoarthritis, but are not an absolute guarantee of its appearance. If you find signs of deformity of the joints, or you are concerned about pain while walking or running, seek medical help urgently. The sooner you start treatment and eliminate the causes of the illness - the more chances to keep your health. So, how to treat the disease?
How to treat arthrosis of the foot correctly and not hurt yourself? All the following methods of therapy are relevant at all stages of the disease. But they are most effective in the treatment of arthrosis of legs 1 or 2 degrees.
Traditional means of
The classic treatment of foot arthrosis can include:
- Use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, for example, Orthophene, Ibuprofen. This group of medicines effectively removes inflammation in the joint and reduces pain.
- Painkillers reduce pain syndrome.
- Intra-articular injection of steroid preparations( in case of ineffectiveness of standard medicines).
- Prolonged use of chondroprotectors. This group of drugs prevents further deformation and destruction of cartilage, improves nutrition of joints and thus stops arthrosis of the foot.
- Application of physiotherapy methods: UHF therapy, phonophoresis( ultrasound), electrophoresis, magnetotherapy, low-intensity laser irradiation, radon baths, mud therapy. Physiotherapy can significantly reduce pain, inflammation in the joints and accelerate recovery.
- Compliance with diet. It should limit the intake of simple carbohydrates( flour, sugar) and animal fats. Vegetables, fruits, legumes, cereals, sea fish and low-fat meat should prevail in the diet of patients.
The deforming form of foot arthrosis without proper treatment often leads to impairment of working capacity and disability.
To date, arthrosis is not treated completely, because the destroyed cartilage does not grow anymore. Therapy is aimed at maintaining the current state of the joints. Therefore, the question "How to cure the disease completely?"so far the answer is "No way".
Adequate physical activity plays a very important role in the therapy of the disease. How to treat the arthrosis of the foot with curative gymnastics, and what kind of exercises will suit a particular patient is determined only by the doctor. It is important not to load the affected foot at once( abruptly) and avoid excessive force exercises. Regular performance of the complex of gymnastics improves blood supply to the joint tissues of the legs, reduces inflammation and other symptoms of the disease.
Treatment of arthrosis of foot with folk remedies at home will help to ease the patient's condition and recover. Anti-inflammatory and anesthetic foot baths based on honey, decoctions of medicinal herbs( thyme, juniper, St. John's wort, oregano, mint) with sea salt are useful. But remember that, despite the positive feedback from patients about folk remedies, they are a supplement to the main treatment, but not a substitute for it.
Sanatorium therapy, treatment with bee venom( in the absence of an allergic reaction to beekeeping products) and leeches( hirudotherapy) is also recommended.
Arthrosis of small foot joints
Arthrosis of the foot is a chronic, slow-progressive disease that affects small interphalangeal joints of the feet, leading to their destruction, deformation of the fingers and other parts of the feet. If you do not start treatment in time, the disease significantly worsens the quality of life of patients, and can also lead to disability.
Osteoarthritis is a systemic process, that is to say, all joints of an organism suffer in one way or another, but those joints, which undergo great daily stress, are most vulnerable to destruction. Some people have knees, others have hip joints, and others have joints and bones of the foot. What exactly form of arthrosis develops in a particular patient depends on several factors, for example, gender and age, type of activity, lifestyle, genetic predisposition, concomitant diseases and metabolic disorders.
Most often, arthrosis of the small joints of the foot develops in women aged 40-50 years( a special risk factor is walking on high heels and in shoes with a narrow toe).Men suffer from this form of arthrosis much less often.
The sooner the problem is identified, the easier it is to cope with it. After all, with arthrosis changes in the joints of the initial degree, a completely successful conservative treatment is possible, but if the process has gone far, a pronounced deformity of the feet has developed, their supporting function has disrupted, then only surgery can help.
Osteoarthritis can lead to severe deformation of the foot and loss of its inherent functions
Causes and risk factors
Depending on the causes of deforming arthrosis of feet on the feet, they are:
- Primary arthrosis - when there is no clear cause of degenerative-dystrophic joint changes, To find out connections with any disease that could serve as a starting point for the development of ailment. In such cases, one speaks of a genetic predisposition to arthrosis, which manifests itself in the specific structure of the foot skeleton( for example, a wide foot), and risk factors also play a role. The more of them, the higher the chance to get sick.
- Secondary arthrosis - develops due to some primary ailment. For example, most often you have to deal with post-traumatic osteoarthritis after the trauma), it also affects people with congenital or acquired deformities and diseases of the musculoskeletal system, for example, with flat feet, curved spine, etc.
It should be noted that at this time,known the exact causes and mechanisms of development of osteoarthritis. Scientists believe that the cause of this ailment is the aging of the body. This is confirmed by the fact that arthrosis in most cases begins to reveal at the age of 40-50 years, and with each subsequent lived year its number increases.
Love for such shoes can result in the development of osteoarthritis of the feet
But this does not explain why the disease develops in young people. In the second case, specialists assign the main role to the aging of the cartilaginous tissue and its increased wear. Such people almost always reveal one or several risk factors. Here are the main of them:
- special structure of the skeleton of the feet( narrow or wide foot, high arch, presence of flat feet);
- is overweight;
- disorders of posture and various deformations of the spinal column;
- daily excess load on the legs, for example, work associated with prolonged walking or standing, professional sports;
- "addiction" to shoes with high heels, with a narrow toe;
- traumatic leg injuries in the anamnesis;
- metabolic and endocrine disorders;
- inflammatory diseases of joints, osteochondropathies and other injuries of the joint apparatus;
- is a hereditary predisposition to this disease;
- irrational and unbalanced nutrition;
- high growth in humans.
If a person has risk factors for foot arthrosis, this does not mean that he will fall ill. Their definition is necessary, first of all, for carrying out preventive measures. And in the case of an already present ailment, getting rid of predisposing factors helps stop the pathological process and recovery.
Signs of arthrosis of the foot and degree of disease
Symptoms of the disease depend on its stage, as well as on the individual characteristics of the patient. As a rule, arthrosis starts imperceptibly and slowly, but steadily progresses, if nothing is done. There are 3 degrees of arthrosis.
Osteoarthritis 1 degree
Most often the disease at this stage is not diagnosed, since there are no clear signs. Patients may complain of fatigue or discomfort in their feet after a prolonged stay in an upright position or walking, the pain develops rarely. All pathological sensations disappear after rest. This is the cause of delusions, and most people perceive such a state of health as a normal fatigue, but only such symptoms are repeated very often, which should cause alertness. Sometimes a crunch can develop during movements, but it also happens in healthy people.
At the initial stage of arthrosis, patients complain of increased fatigue of the legs
Arthrosis of the 2nd degree
It is at this stage that the diagnosis is most often established. The pain becomes more intense, it worries not only after strong, but also ordinary loads, long does not pass at rest. People start using various pain medications, which first cope well with the pain syndrome.
The second frequent complaint is an increase in the size of the shoe, which is due to the thickening of the heads of the bones of the feet and the proliferation of connective tissue around the damaged joints. It is at this point that the deformation of the fingers begins. Most often the first finger suffers - develops halus valgus. This is a specific deformation, which is manifested by the deviation of the thumb to the outer edge of the foot and the protrusion of the metatarsal head outwards. In everyday life it is simply called a "bone".This greatly complicates the selection of shoes and is a significant cosmetic defect. Especially in occasion of a bone women experience.
Osteoarthritis of 3rd degree
At the last stage of development of arthrosis the pain becomes constant, various analgesics cease to help. Developed deformities of the fingers develop, mobility in the joints of the foot is lost. This causes the violation of the support function of the foot or even its complete loss. In patients, the gait changes, the uniform distribution of body weight is disrupted, as a result, other leg joints as well as the spine suffer.
Degrees of arthrosis of foot
To establish the diagnosis of osteoarthritis of feet is easy at 2 and 3 stages, when typical deformations are present. It is much more difficult to do this at the very beginning of the illness. For this purpose, radiography of the joints of the feet is used, where joint joints are narrowed, subchondral cystic formations, joint deformities, marginal bone growths.
If a specialist has any doubts and needs to carry out differential diagnosis, then an MRI or CT scan is appointed.
How to treat arthrosis of the foot?
Treatment of deforming arthrosis of the foot includes conservative and surgical techniques. Begin therapy always with the first measures, and in case of their ineffectiveness they start surgical correction of defects.
Nutrition and lifestyleRecommended reading: Treatment of arthritis of the foot
A special diet for arthrosis of the foot is not needed. It is important that the food is balanced on the main macro-nutrients, vitamins and trace elements. If there is a problem like overweight, you need to reduce the caloric content of the daily ration, minimize the consumption of animal fats and simple carbohydrates, since excess weight is a serious risk factor for arthrosis.
As for the lifestyle, it must be modified in such a way as to exclude or minimize the influence of negative factors, to revise their shoes and give preference to orthopedic models.
Medication for arthrosis of the foot joints
Drug treatment is not essential, its goal is to ease the pain syndrome so that the patient can practice, for example, special exercises for foot arthrosis. Also, some medications are used to slow the development of pathological changes and improve the mobility of joints, but their effectiveness has not yet been proven.
For the treatment of osteoarthritis, drugs from the following groups are used:
- analgesics and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs( ibuprofen, diclofenac, paracetamol, nimesulide, meloxicam, aceclofenac, etc.);
- chondroprotectors, the active substance of which are chondroitin and glucosamine( Dona, Structum, Teraflex, Alflutop);
- glucocorticoid drugs are used in severe pain syndrome for joint blockade( Diprospan, Kenalog).
Medications are used for both internal and parenteral administration( tablets, capsules, solutions for injection) and for local( ointments, gels, creams, patches).
Other conservative methods of treatment
In the complex therapy must include such techniques:
- therapeutic gymnastics;
- massage and other manual methods of influence;
- physiotherapy( laser therapy, magnetotherapy, phonophoresis, UHF, mud wraps, paraffin and ozocerite applications);
- conservative orthopedic methods of deformation correction( tires for thumbs, interdigital partitions, orthopedic insoles and shoes).
These thumbscrews will help stop the deformation of
. This therapy can stop the progression of the disease, limit the deformation of the fingers, increase the mobility in the joints, and prevent the development of persistent pain syndrome.
Treatment with folk remedies can be used as a supplement to the basic at all stages of the disease. But in no case it should not be the main and only. All methods of folk treatment are aimed mainly at reducing pain in arthrosis, but they do not affect the progression of the disease. It is also important before using any remedy( there are a lot of them) to consult a doctor about the appropriateness and absence of individual contraindications specifically for this prescription.
Surgical treatment of foot arthrosis is prescribed in severe deformities that can not be corrected in a conservative way, and also at the request of the patient with a cosmetic defect.
The result of arthroplastic surgery for arthrosis of foot
Apply arthroplasty operations, which allow to restore the old form of the foot, as well as completely renew its function. Today such interventions are carried out with the help of endoscopic and minimally invasive techniques, which greatly simplifies and shortens the terms of postoperative rehabilitation.
Arthrosis of the foot is not only an external cosmetic defect, but a serious pathology that can cause a significant deterioration in the quality of human life, and in some cases even disability. Therefore, if you identify any alarming symptoms, do not hesitate to contact a specialist for assistance.
Osteoarthritis can be cured using traditional medicine recipes.
The best effect will be achieved if you use folk remedies in combination with traditional ones.
The folk remedies include:
- Tincture from the swamp saber. To cook it, you need 100 gr.sabelnik pour vodka( 4 cups) and put in a dark place. The solution must be infused for 3 weeks. At the end of time, tincture should be filtered and consumed three times daily before meals( 1 tablespoon).Tincture of sabelnik can be used to rub the damaged foot or in the form of compresses. Such procedures are best done before bedtime.
- Eucalyptus tincture. For its preparation you need to take 100 gr.eucalyptus shredded and pour it with vodka( 1/2 liter).The solution should be insisted for 7 days in a dark place. Before going to bed, the eucalyptus tincture should be rubbed into the sore foot.
- Tincture of Mullein. 50 gr.flowers Mullein need to pour 70% alcohol solution and vodka( 200 g.).Consistency should be insisted for 10 days. Then tincture can rub the affected joint.
- Tincture from the leaves of aloe. For its preparation it is necessary to take the leaves of aloe, wash them and grind them through a meat grinder. In 50 grams.of the aloe juice obtained, add honey( 100 grams) and vodka( 150 grams).The composition should be insisted in a dark place( minimum 7 days) and then used as compresses.
- The poison of a bee. Bee venom perfectly removes pain syndromes, inflammatory processes and restores the joint mobility. They should rub the affected area with arthrosis.
Treatment at home
Nutrition for arthrosis of the foot should be complete.
This is the main condition from which the treatment of the disease begins at home.
The diet should include calcium, vitamin E and B-vitamins.
They are found in almonds, sprouted wheat, breads, pasta.
You can buy these vitamins in a pharmacy in the form of tablets.
For this disease, it is recommended to consume less salt.
At home, you can make herbal baths for a damaged foot.
They will help to remove pain syndromes and remove the heaviness in the legs.
Very effective for arthrosis baths of honey and salt.
Also very effective for arthrosis foot baths from bischofite.
Bischofite is a storehouse of trace elements, and therefore this remedy has a beneficial effect on the overall muscular condition of the legs and helps to heal the feet.
You can apply compresses from bischofite, which are better to do before bedtime.
With various forms of arthrosis, effective treatment with clay.
Clay baths and rubbing help to remove pain syndromes and inflammatory processes.
Clay lozenges are applied to the affected foot and held for two hours.
After this, heat is provided to the feet.One of the common causes of pain in the foot is the calcaneal spur. On our site you will find useful information about the methods of treating the calcaneal spur.
What helps diclofenac ointment? Find out here.
What is infectious arthritis? Read in this article.
The diet is aimed at eliminating the causes and factors that trigger inflammation in the joints and destroy cartilage tissues.
The main enemy of joints is overweight.
For arthrosis of the foot, it is recommended to abandon:
- cakes, cakes, sweets and other products that contain fast carbohydrates;
- alcoholic beverages, since they contain a large volume of carbohydrates.
You need to eat more vegetables, fruits, dairy products, rich in B2 - vitamin and calcium, low-fat fish.
Before starting a diet, you need to consult a doctor who can advise the optimal diet.
With this disease, there is a violation of blood microcirculation.
Therapeutic massage sessions can help restore this process.
Foot massage starts at the fingertips and continues along the back area to the ankle joints.
Movement during foot massage should be continuous.
Massage will be more effective if it is accompanied by trituration and ends with a warming session with paraffin and ozocerite.
Video: how to properly massage the feet
Orthopedic insoles are equipped with a certain relief, which has a therapeutic effect.
Such insoles are used for flat feet of various forms, painful feet and diseases of the supporting and motor apparatus.
Fig.: function of orthopedic insoles
Orthopedic insoles are recommended for patients who have flat feet or arthrosis of the feet.
They prevent deformation of the foot in the future and return a shock to the stop function.
Correctly made insoles help cure arthrosis of the foot and relieve the victim of pain syndromes.
Surgical methods of treatment are used when medicinal and physiotherapeutic methods are ineffective.
There are several surgical methods of treatment:
- Joints. In this operation, the bones are fixed in the joint zone by means of plates, screws or rods. When the joint heals, it remains motionless.
- Joint replacement. Here the ankle joint is replaced with implants of artificial origin. But this type of operation is used in extreme rare cases.
The main goal of drug treatment is to stop the progressive inflammation in the joint and improve the cartilage layer.
Sometimes medications are injected into the area of the collapsing joint.
Is it possible to defeat arthrosis?
Unfortunately, many people experience pain in knee and ankle joints. Often, it is not a consequence of previously received injuries, the reason lies in the insidious disease - gonarthrosis( arthrosis of knee joints 1-4 degrees), which requires comprehensive treatment. The ailment is manifested with painful sensations in the region of the knee-cap, which is intensified day by day.
If knee arthrosis is diagnosed, treatment is simply necessary, and it must be adequate and comprehensive. On specialized sites you can see the appropriate photos and videos. Interesting: Want to get rid of joint pain - do exercises with Norbekov
GeneralThe disease does not occur against the background of the inflammatory process. When it comes to gonarthrosis in acute form, it means that the changes occurring in the joint are degenerative-dystrophic.
In order to see firsthand what is at issue, you can see a video about arthrosis of the knee joint 1,2,3, 4 degrees and the ankle joint.
One or both joints are affected, in any case, the full functioning of the lower limbs, which "refuse" to cope with even small physical exertion, for example, with morning exercise exercises, is disrupted.
In the risk group, in the first place, it is the representatives of the weaker sex who have stepped over the 40-year-old line, women with overweight, obese, and against varicose veins are more likely to suffer from the disease.
There are exceptions, sometimes people with a younger age are facing younger people, including athletes, the cause of arthrosis of the knee joint is 1, 2, 3, 4 tbsp.they have received and suffered injuries, including, and the ankle joint. Interesting: Is it possible to defeat arthrosis?
The main causes of the disease
You can not confuse arthrosis with arthritis of the knee joint, these are 2 separate diseases, you can see this by watching a video. Osteoarthritis of the knee joint is found in 2 forms: primary and secondary, in the first case it is a question of the innate nature of the disease, in the second case, the symptoms of the disease are acquired as a result of traumatic injuries or arise against the diseases of internal organs.
The main causes of the disease
If this ailment is "programmed" at the genetic level, then gonarthrosis 1 tbsp.declares itself in childhood. In the secondary form of the disease, in addition to the reasons mentioned above, it can be caused by a whole complex of factors: arthritis, salt deposition, increased loads.
Degrees of disease
Osteoarthritis is divided into 4 degrees. With gonarthrosis of the knee joint of the 1st degree, the symptomatology can last for years, the pain sensations are not pronounced, they appear sporadically, appearing under certain circumstances, external deformation of the joints is absent. In a calm state of pain, as a rule, they do not exist at all, special therapeutic exercises help to cope with the situation.
The main causes of the development of the diseaseWith gonarthrosis of the knee joint of the 2nd degree, pain is increased even with minor physical exertion and immediately after them. There is a crunch, which tends to increase, joint deformity begins, there are problems with bending the knees.
Moreover, with arthrosis of the knee joints 2 degrees, the symptomatology is complicated by the accumulation of fluid in the joint cavity, this can also be seen from the video.
With each next degree of gonarthrosis, the situation is only aggravated and can result in the fact that in addition to replacing the joint with an endoprosthesis, there is no other way out.
When symptoms of arthrosis of the knee arises, treatment should start from the 1 day of diagnosis.
Treatment of disease
How is arthrosis of the knee joint treated, arthrosis of the ankle joint? Is it possible, in particular, to get rid of gonarthrosis of the knee joint of 1-2 degree? Again, it is advisable to refer to the video in order to visually familiarize yourself with all the measures taken in the complex treatment. These include the use of arthrosis knee joints ointments, such as: ointment Atroaktiv, Diclofenac, Ferbenon, ointment Heparinovaya and other ointments. They can also be used for arthrosis of the ankle, judging by the opinions of patients, the desired effect is achieved.
Physiotherapy to help you
When the question arises of how to cure arthrosis of joints 1,2, 3, 4 degrees, it is worth remembering about the physical exercises that are shown in this disease.
In the fight against arthrosis
So, for example, an excellent option is for arthrosis of the knee joints of exercise therapy( exercise therapy), more about it you can learn from video clips. LFK helps to achieve positive symptoms:
- Painful sensations decrease;
- The tension in the muscles decreases, and their tone rises;
- Joint tissues receive more nutritious food;
- Joints start to function better.
There is a special exercise complex, which is a complex of exercises for arthrosis of the knee joints developed by specialists. You can familiarize yourself with this by yourself by watching video exercises for arthrosis of knee joints 1,2, 3,4 degree.
Arthroscopy of the knee joint
In this case, it is a medical and diagnostic method, you can learn more about it by viewing a video about arthroscopy of the knee joint. When carrying out research in the area of the patient's joint( above it), cuts of several millimeters are made, allowing the introduction of a special instrument that allows the doctor to perform all necessary manipulations. Such sparing surgical intervention as atroskopija at an arthrosis of a knee joint of reviews deserves only positive. After all, arthroscopy, and this makes it possible to verify the video, is a very serious operation, but high-precision modern medical equipment allows achieving high results, minimizing the risks present during normal operations.
Arthroscopy of the knee joint
Following the anthroscopy of the knee joint, it should be restored, it requires a certain period of time. At this time, it is necessary to follow a certain treatment regimen, which directly depends on the individual characteristics of the patient's body. But the recovery period is not protracted.
The measures of complex rehabilitation after arthroscopy of knee joints include physiotherapy, carried out in 3 stages. At the initial stage, it is aimed at abandoning the aids during walking, by regaining control over the muscles of the lower extremities. Further complex measures concern the restoration of the motor functions of the knees with the performance of the necessary exercises, at the last stage the rehabilitation after atroskopii should be safely completed.
In addition to the knees, for arthrosis, for various reasons, the ankle joint may suffer. Do not pass without consequences for him cases when the leg is tucked, even if it may seem a trifle, not requiring treatment, but micro-trauma can end badly.
Under throat ankle joint
To judge about the presence of arthrosis of the ankle allow the symptoms of such a plan as the appearance of pain, gradually increasing, crunching in the joints, signs of their deformation and mobility, judging the disease can be on the appearance of swelling and other ailments in the anklethe joint. It is not necessary to postpone visits to the doctor when symptoms appear, since the ankle requires no less serious treatment, performing the appropriate exercises.
Based on the above, we recall that it is necessary to treat joint diseases and undergo timely rehabilitation.
Causes and signs of arthrosis, photos, video
Time to start treatment of arthrosis will help information about the causes and symptoms of this disease. It is important to understand that correctly diagnosed at the initial stage of the disease will give a chance to save joints and prevent the development of arthrosis.
First of all, older people suffer from arthrosis of one form or another. Almost 80% of the world's population. However, the onset of the disease does not occur immediately. Often, people at the young age who lead an active lifestyle are the first to take a risk group.
- Athletes - a constant active physical activity. When people who are engaged in sports stop their sports career, the loads decrease. At this time, the metabolism in the muscle tissues changes, the joints lose their elasticity, which leads to the appearance of an ailment.
- Professional dancers - the situation here is almost the same as that of athletes. It can be added that in both cases there are injuries that, in the absence of the necessary treatment, lead to the development of the disease.
- People with heavy physical labor - for example, stevedores, very often suffer from arthrosis of the fingers. People who have to be on their feet during working hours, especially in the industrial sphere( machine control, manipulation with working tools) have all the "chances of earning" themselves a deformation of the ankle or knee.
- Office workers - working at a computer can cause illness, because a person is in a constant sitting position. There is a risk of developing arthrosis of the hip joint.
The most common and main causes of the disease are trauma, inflammation, and joint dysplasia may also occur. That is, factors that affect the joints from the outside, but there are those whose cause lies in the human body itself.
- The hereditary factor - it is worth to listen more often to your body, since the chances of encountering such a disease grow twice, if on the hereditary line it occurred such a disease.
- The trauma factor is one of the most common causes of joint arthrosis. A simple stretching of the ligaments already gives a high percentage of arthrosis. Therefore, it is worthwhile to be more vigilant and not let the treatment itself even a small damage.
- Joint dysplasia is a congenital pathology. You need to be careful at the birth of the child. Children can not recognize the obvious dysplasia immediately. It is necessary to come to a doctor's consultation with an orthopedist every three months in the first year of life, and then as directed by a doctor. Children under the age of 3 years have all the chances of correcting the situation in case of detection of dysplasia, which will help in time to stop the unwanted development of the disease.
- Inflammation in the joints of - with reduced immunity or if there is an infection in the body, inflammation can occur in the joints. If the treatment is not started on time under the effect of inflammation, it will begin to deteriorate, which leads to the development of arthrosis already apparent in the 2nd degree. In children, the body's immunity in the first years of life is only being formed. Therefore, do not supercool the child's body. But at the same time, and do not allow overheating, which is also harmful not only for the joints in children, but for the whole body as a whole.
- Excess body mass - most often this is a consequence of metabolic disorders in the human body. The large mass of the body gives an extra burden to the joints as a whole, often leads to their faster wear, which will inevitably lead to deforming arthrosis of the hip or knee joints.
- Endocrine disorders - the cause of the disease can become "diabetes mellitus", a consequence of hormonal disorders in the human body. With such a violation, the work of blood vessels worsens, which in turn disrupts the nutrition of articular cartilage and the risk of the disease is high enough. It is worth noting that women with this disease are more affected by arthrosis, and hormonal disorders during the menopause play an important role here. Such a female hormone as estrogen helps regulate the metabolism in the connective tissues of the joints. Therefore, women over the age of 50 should pay more attention to their health.
Signs of arthrosis
Symptoms of the disease at the initial stage can be only minor pain in the joints. They have a short time frame, which is often ignored. But even such signs give rise to X-ray examinations. If for a moment the pain in the joints receded, then this does not mean that there is no arthrosis either. With insufficient or incorrect treatment, the initial stage will give impetus to the destruction in the joints and to the development of arthrosis.
Signs of grade 2 arthrosis will be mild pain, but they will not leave you for a long time. With arthrosis of the 2nd degree, there can be obvious signs, whether it is edema in the joint or just its crunching.
Symptoms of stage 3 will not pass unnoticed for you. The third stage of arthrosis is difficulty in movement, this is the destruction of the joint and as a result its puffiness or curvature.
The photo below clearly shows the consequences of not sufficient treatment of arthrosis of the fingers
Attentively listen to your body and take care of your health. At the first signs of illness, visit the doctor, and then the arthrosis will not have a chance of survival.
Osteoarthritis. Folk remedies and prescriptions for treatment. Symptoms and causes. Types of arthrosis. PHOTO AND VIDEO
All you need to know about arthrosis and its treatment
The concept of arthrosis
Dystrophic joint disease, which is accompanied by a slow destruction of the cartilage of the joint inside, is called arthrosis. After a long time, arthrosis causes significant changes in the articular ends of the bones, inflammation begins to occur, and the periarticular tissues begin to degenerate. The concept of "arthrosis" includes a large group of joint diseases that are degenerative-inflammatory, they have other causes, but the mechanisms of development are similar.
Osteoarthritis is the world's leading articular disease. With age, the likelihood of developing arthrosis is much greater. If you believe statistics, about 15% of the world's population suffers from arthrosis. This disease affects both men and women. In women, arthrosis of interphalangeal joints is most common.
The causes of arthrosis
The cause of arthrosis is a violation of metabolism in the joint, which leads to a loss of elasticity of the cartilaginous tissue. All this provokes a partial or complete loss of proteoglycans from the cartilage, as a rule, such consequences arise due to deep cracks in the cartilage itself. Also, proteoglycans cease to be produced by the body due to a failure in the production of cells by the joint.
Specialists say that articular cartilage can begin to break down due to metabolic disorders, hormonal disorders, hereditary factors, decreased blood flow of the joints, the elderly, injuries, as well as diseases such as psoriasis and rheumatoid arthritis. But the most common cause of arthrosis is an unregulated load on the joints, as the cartilage can not cope with it.
Types of arthrosis
Arthrosis can be primary and secondary. Primary arthrosis occurs in 40 - 50% cases of diseases and occurs due to heavy loads on the joints, but in no case due to injuries.
Secondary arthrosis occurs as a result of injuries, 50 - 60% of the cases developed after the last joint damage.
Symptoms for arthrosis
The first symptom for arthrosis is joint pain when loaded on it, which passes when the joint is at rest;a crunch of joints, tense muscles in the joint region, a decrease in its mobility. The joints affected by arthrosis periodically swell, and eventually start to deform.
Complications for arthrosis
If you do not contact a specialist and do not start treating arthrosis on time, then in time it will lead to disastrous results. The joint can not only completely collapse, but also lead to a change in the biomechanics of the spine, resulting in hernias appearing in the intervertebral discs and arthrosis will begin to develop in healthy joints. Therefore, it is better not to allow complications of joint arthrosis.
How to treat arthrosis?
It is best to treat patients with joints at the initial stage, which should be complex and pathogenetic. At this stage of treatment, the causes contributing to the development of this disease are removed, as well as the inflammatory changes are eliminated and the previously lost functions are restored. In the complex treatment of arthrosis, drugs that have analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties are used, as well as physiotherapeutic procedures that exert an analgesic effect on the joints.
For the treatment of arthrosis, many self-prescribing non-steroidal anti-inflammatory ointments( ointments of NSAIDs) based on diclofenac, without prior consultation with a physician. These drugs are really powerful and effective, but cause a large number of side effects up to the stomach ulcer. It is because of side effects that NSAIDs can not be used for a long time, and ideally they should be alternated with warming ointments-harmless, but not less effective. For example, it perfectly warms and relieves pain Capsicum ointment, which is suitable for long-term use, and as a means of alternating with NSAID preparations.
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TREATMENT OF ARTHROSIS BY POPULAR
For herbal treatment of arthrosis, the cause itself is influenced. It treats arthrosis phytotherapy: it is able to contain any progression of the disease and controls it. Below are the recipes of non-traditional and traditional medicine, which are used in the treatment of arthrosis. The collection of herbs is used in combination with other medicines.
Already after a three-week application of traditional medicine, you can notice significant improvements. But you need to remember that only a long-term application can consolidate the effect. Even if the state of health improves, it is necessary to continue the use of phytotherapy courses in the next five years.
For different age groups, there are separate doses of medication. Children up to one year are prescribed half a teaspoon per day. One teaspoon per day - children from one to three years. Children aged three to six years are prescribed one dessert spoon per day. If the child is between the ages of six and ten, one tablespoon per day. For people over the age of ten, it is recommended to take two tablespoons a day.
The first recipe
The leaves of the birch, the leaves of the nettle and the inflorescence of the marigold are taken in equal parts. In the end, you need to get two tablespoons. We lower the received crushed collection in a thermos, pour a liter of boiling water and leave for the night. Starting the next morning, you must take half a cup of broth four to five times a day. The course of taking this recipe is two to three months.
The second recipe
We take on 4 parts of the grass turns and leaves of cranberries, 3 parts of the grass of the sweet clover, violets of three-color and shoots of Ledum, 2 parts of the flax seed of nettle leaves and mint, St. John's wort, and poplar buds. There should be two tablespoons of the collection. We fall asleep in a thermos, pour one liter of boiling water and leave to insist on the night. It is necessary to take every day for half a glass four to five times a day for two to three months.
The third recipe for
We take 5 parts of the fruits of hawthorn and grass of St. John's wort, for 4 parts of the herb of tri-color, oregano and thyme, 2 parts of the root of the Kalgan, pine buds, eucalyptus, and mint grass, and 1 part of the roots of the ayr. As a result, two tablespoons of the collection should leave. We lower the resulting mixture in a thermos, pour a liter of boiling water and leave it overnight to allow the broth to infuse. The course of taking this medication should be two to three months, half a glass four to five times a day.
Fourth recipe for
We take 5 parts of Labrador grass, 3 pieces of hop cones, birch buds, St. John's wort, and chamomile flowers, 2 parts of the grass of the sweet clover, nettle leaves, and the roots of elecampane, and 1 part of fennel fruits, linden flowers, andleaves of mint. In the end, you must beat 3 tablespoons of the collection. As in previous recipes, all fall asleep in a thermos, pour a liter of boiling water and leave for the night. The course of taking this recipe is two to three months with a decoction of a decoction of half a glass four to five times a day.
Since it is necessary to treat arthrosis in a complex way, therefore, to achieve better results, it is necessary to combine traditional and folk herbal remedies. Thanks to such measures, one can accelerate recovery.
Treatment of arthrosis with dandelion
Dandelion is an excellent folk remedy for treating a variety of diseases, including arthrosis of the knee joints. In order to use dandelions for the treatment of arthrosis, you have to tear down five flowers every day. Do this only at the end of May. Then we wash the flowers with boiled water and let them dry, after which we chew them to the state of gruel.
For treatment in winter, you need to stock up the dried leaves of a dandelion. As necessary, you can pour one tablespoon of dry leaves and chew. Take this medication every evening. It is necessary to remember about three thousand steps that should be taken every evening.
In summer, treatment is done with infusion of dandelions. Infusion is as follows: take five dark bottles and fill with yellow dandelion flowers to half, then fill the bottles to the top with triple cologne. The resulting mixture should be insisted for a month, after which - drain. This infusion is stored only at room temperature. Received infusion rubbed sick knee joints. It is best to do such procedures before going to bed. For a month of this treatment one bottle of infusion is used. During the everyday treatment, the knees stop ache, but do not think that the pain will not return. To prevent this from happening, it is necessary to chew dandelion leaves prophylactically and to rub sick knee joints with infusion of dandelions.
Active compress from arthrosis
Most elderly people not only suffer from arthrosis, but also constantly suffer from the deposition of salts. In such a case, it will be right to turn your eyes to folk remedies, which, in most cases, have an effective result unlike traditional medicine.
We take in equal proportions medical bile, floral May honey, glycerin, ammonia 10% and medical iodine 5%.All components are combined, thoroughly mixed and insisted for ten days in a dark place. Before application, the mixture must be shaken well. The necessary amount of the mixture is poured into a small jar and heated in a water bath. Soaked napkins in the broth should be put on the joint and left for a whole night. A plastic bag and a woolen cloth are adjusted over the bandages. Such treatment should be carried out until complete recovery.
How to get rid of pain in the joints with the help of a pack of horseradish?
Some people do not have the strength to cure arthrosis for a long time. In this case, the folk recipe for the treatment of arthrosis, which successfully treats deforming arthrosis and such a terrible fracture of the neck of the thigh, will perfectly suit. To prepare a medicinal medicine you will need a regular horse-radish.
To prepare a horseradish compress, grate the horseradish roots, pour water and place on low heat until it is steamed. Water, in no case, should not boil. The resulting broth should be put on linen cloth, after moistening it in the resulting broth. The tissue must be attached to the lesion. For winter periods you need to stock yourself with dried horseradish roots. If necessary, you need to grind the roots, steam and attach them to the sore spots.
Get rid of seizures, edema and pain
There are times when one person suffers not only with arthrosis, but with polyarthritis and rheumatism. To help in this case is very difficult and in most cases the patient is forced to endure pain and cramps every day. Traditional medicine can not do anything. The patient remains self-on-his-self with his illness and pain. Most of the patients prepare themselves for a long and painful death. But do not despair, because of these diseases, you can also find medicines.
One such medicine is the usual hydrogen peroxide, which is everyone in the home medicine chest. In order to cure arthrosis, hydrogen peroxide should be taken in by small portions. Naturally, the pain will not go away instantly, but after nine months of daily medication the pain will begin to slowly decrease. It is necessary to take hydrogen peroxide every day without breaks and after six months the result will be noticeable. With each reception the pain will begin to decrease, and well-being - to improve.
For the treatment of seizures, there are many expensive drugs that not everyone can afford. In this case, you can use an ordinary magnet. You need to take small magnets the size of two centimeters by one centimeter and half a centimeter.
Magnets need to be attached to each leg and left overnight. First it will be very painful, but in ten minutes the pain will stop. It should be noted that magnets are a very strong diuretic, so you need to beat on the alert. For one night you can get rid of even the strongest seizures, outflows and rheumatoid cones. Magnets will have to be applied every evening, and in the morning - to remove.
Do not use large magnets because they have too much effect. Therefore, it will be better to cut it into several small pieces. Such a tool perfectly helps to relieve pain in any place after 6-10 hours.
Massage in seawater for the treatment of arthrosis
With deforming arthrosis, doctors prescribe a lot of expensive medications. Unfortunately, not every patient is financially secure and able to acquire them. But the pain with such a diagnosis is so strong that patients are forced to buy them.
In such cases, it will not hurt to soar a sick leg in water with soda and salt. To do this, pour 3 tablespoons of baking soda and 3 tablespoons of salt. The resulting mixture is poured into a basin and poured with hot water so that you can tolerate it, and we dip the leg there. Directly in the water, you need to massage the entire soles and fingers. You need to massage your foot for at least 15 - 20 minutes. Legs can not be wiped, and immediately put them on woolen socks and go to bed.
After a month of such procedures, the pain will gradually subside. To fix the treatment you need to continue treatment every day for two more months. Such massage is an excellent example, as with the help of improvised means, even a disease such as deforming arthrosis can be cured.
Bath with a decoction of hay odor
To reduce the pain in the limbs will help the bath of hay. Haymoor is flowers, seeds, stems and leaves. To make a bath you need to take aphids or five handfuls of this trash, place in a jar and pour boiling water. The container with decoction is tightly closed with a lid and let it cool to a temperature of thirty-one degrees. Broth, along with the trash, you need to pour into the bath. The duration of the bath should be thirty minutes. Decoction will act even when moistened in a decoction of cloth wrapped legs and hands.
Foot baths also help in the treatment of leg pain. Herbal foot bath should be done in strict accordance with the prescription. We take warm squeezes of malt and put in a cask, after which we should put our feet and hold for thirty minutes. For this purpose, you can use grape vyshimkami that fit perfectly.
Decoction of onions will help relieve pain
Cope with arthritis, arthrosis or gout is very difficult. But there is a folk remedy with the help of which you can completely rid yourself of these most complex diseases.
For treatment it is necessary to take two very large bulbs, which should be thoroughly washed. Next, we chop the husks and the bulb itself into small pieces. The resulting mixture should be cooked in one liter of distilled water until the moment when the onions are completely boiled. The resulting broth should be filtered and taken inside every day, one glass before eating. Shelk should be discarded, and boiled onions can be used in cooking. After a week of such treatment, the pain stops.
Repeat this treatment for the next two or three years, since the pain can return. The treatment course should be 2 - 3 weeks.
Other traditional medicine recipes for arthrosis
If such a disease as arthrosis lasts several years and you have to walk with a stick, then the following recipe will work perfectly. It is necessary every day to rub the diseased joints with one slice of lemon one centimeter thick. Lemon perfectly dissolves salt deposits. The course of treatment with this method is every day for one month.
Another method for treating arthrosis is oatmeal. To prepare a compress, take a handful of flakes and pour two glasses of water. The resulting mixture must be boiled for ten minutes. The compress is superimposed for one hour, after which the pain immediately passes. You can also mix 100 g of alcohol, 50 g of mustard powder and 50 g of camphor. Separately whisked two or three egg whites and poured into the resulting mixture. This mixture is intended for grinding joints.
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