Causes of calcaneal spur
A heel spur( PN) is a disease that is a proliferation of bone tissue in the form of a coracoid or spiny bone protuberance in the area of the calcaneus calcaneus. How this disease looks in the photo, you can see in the picture below.
Causes and factors of the formation of the disease
The main reason for the origin of the heel spur is the physiological aspect of the disease. At the moment when the person is in a vertical position for a long time, approximately half of the total mass of his body takes over the plantar fascia, and the most significant non-rational load extends to the joint of the fascia and calcaneus.
scheme and roentgenogram of calcaneal spur
If such a load is permanent, there is a risk of micro-snaps that can be tightened by themselves, but if such a trauma becomes permanent, it leads to the development of inflammations with a strong pain syndrome, aggravated by thinning of fatty subcutaneous fat, which functionsshock absorber heel when driving. As a result of compensatory processes, marginal bone growths are formed, which are called "heel spurs".Bone spurs can develop from a few millimeters to one centimeter.
Diseases are prone, as a rule, to women over the age of 40.In the first place, bone growths occur in people who are overweight, associated with deposits of fat cells or a delay in excess fluid in the body.
In addition to everything, spinal factors are caused by such factors as diseases of large joints of the legs, osteochondrosis of the lumbar region with the disruption of the sciatic nerve, spine diseases, disruptions in the metabolic processes of the body - gout, disturbance in the process of excretion of salt deposits, which leads to their accumulation,disturbance of circulation in the legs in people with poor permeability of blood vessels, and in 90% of cases the development of the spur is due to flat feet.
This is due to the fact that with flatfoot changes the load distribution on the structure of the feet, in which there is an overstrain of the tendons, which in particularly difficult cases can lead to tearing of the tendon fibers from the underlying bones. As a result of these processes, along with inflammation in the tendons, inflammation of the superficial layers of bone tissue located beneath them occurs.
flat feet - one of the main causes of heel spurs
In addition to flat feet, spurs in the heels can also occur as a result of acute or chronic injuries of tendons and calcaneus, for example, with sprain or tearing of ligaments. Overloading of feet during the period of wearing uncomfortable shoes with high heels, bruises of the calcaneus, obtained as a result of jumps from a considerable height, also contribute to the formation of the disease.
Inflammation of the calcaneal spur can also occur as a result of some chronic inflammatory joint diseases, it can be psoriatic arthritis, polyarthritis, Bechterew's disease. When giving blood tests to patients with psoriatic arthritis or Bechterew's disease, specific markers appear, and in patients with gout, the level of uric acid increases significantly.
Also, pain sensations in the heels can be provoked by infectious diseases, for example gonorrhea, chlamydia, which do not always occur symptomatically.
To determine the true cause of this disease, you need to see a doctor and undergo a medical examination.
Symptoms and signs
heel pain with heel spur - the first symptom of
The main symptom of PN development is pain in the plantar surface of the heel( in other words, heel pain from the spur).Patients with a calcaneal spur experience severe pain in the foot during walking and prolonged standing. The main reason for the appearance of the calcaneal spur and the development of pain sensations is the plantar fasciitis, the inflammatory process in the plantar aponeurosis in people suffering from longitudinal flat feet, the deformation of a "hollow" foot and a flat valgus foot.
Causes of these inflammations can be chronic overstretching of connective tissue or micro-injury in places where fibrous connective tissues attach to bone. Inflammation of the calcaneal tuber usually ends with fibrosis or the process of replacing the cartilaginous tissue of the ligament with the bone.
Pain sensations intensify in the morning and cause significant inconvenience upon awakening. The patient is seriously given the first steps after a long rest, sleep, sitting. Pain with a calcaneal spur burning, sharp, piercing the heel like a nail when resting on it. Pain can be distributed both over the entire surface of the heel, and localized on its inner surface.
Pain sensations can appear suddenly, which indicates an acute form of the disease, and can develop gradually, which is typical for the chronic form of the disease. At the same time, patients involuntarily try to reduce the load on the heel, thus easing their suffering.
As a rule, patient complaints, physical examinations and an X-ray photograph are sufficient to diagnose plantar fasciitis, which makes it possible to determine the development of the calcaneal spur. If the calcaneal spur, if heel pain and other symptoms are absent, then it is necessary to conduct an additional examination and pass the necessary tests to establish the cause of the pain that can be caused by inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, Bechterew's disease, Reiter's syndrome, one of the manifestations of whichis heel pain.
treatment of calcaneal spur with shock wave therapy( UHT treatment)
The most important condition for effective treatment of the heel spur is the unloading of the painful area. For these purposes, according to the doctor's prescription, orthopedic insoles with tabs of either the outer or inner longitudinal vault, grooves or a soft padding in the heel area are prescribed. As a temporary measure, it is recommended to use a cushion lining with a notch in the center - a discharge device.
To clarify the diagnosis of a heel spur, consult an orthopedic surgeon or surgeon, go through a complete examination, pass a series of tests to exclude other similar diseases, which also have pain in the heel area. The first thing to do is to take an X-ray, which will show the presence of a calcaneal spur, if the formation of bone formations has begun. In addition, the X-ray image will provide an opportunity to distinguish the heel spur from a fracture of the calcaneus.
We also recommend reading the article Medicines for the treatment of the heel spur.
To prevent the development of the calcaneal spur, it is necessary to take preventive measures to prevent premature wear of the osteoarticular apparatus of the foot:
- normalization of body weight, if necessary, avoidance of sudden jumps in the weight load;
- prevent overloading of stops;
- prevent the appearance and further development of flatfoot;
- timely diagnosis and treatment of various diseases of the vertebral joint;
- use of orthopedic insoles with a heel spur and wearing comfortable shoes of your size is also very important;This also includes the use of a special heel pad with a heel spur;
- normalization of the circulation of the legs, the application of gymnastics and preventive massage;
- prevention of the development and progression of infectious diseases such as influenza, angina, gonorrhea, brucellosis.
Spurs on the heels of the cause
Spurs on the heels of the cause
Spur on the heel or heel spur is the popular name of such a disease as plantar fasciitis. It implies inflammation-degenerative processes, localized in the calcaneus, leads to the formation of bone growths - those same spurs that cause people significant inconveniences, causing permanent pain.
Painful sensation is one of the first symptoms of the calcaneal spur
. Due to the fact that this disease has become widespread enough today, it is advisable to consider the reasons provoking its development. After all, as they say, the enemy needs to know in person. This way you can avoid the development of the heel spur, or reduce the likelihood of its occurrence to a minimum.
Reasons for the spur on the heels of
Consider the main spurs on the heels of the causes that cause the development of this disease:
- flat feet - in this case, the development of the inflammatory-degenerative process is triggered by the uneven distribution of the load on the human foot;
- too much load on the calcaneus fascia - usually it is observed in people suffering from excess weight;
- irritation of the periosteum of the calcaneus - it can occur as a result of the constant wearing of an uncomfortable or too tight shoe;
- trauma to plantar bone;
- any disruptions in the metabolism process;
- circulatory disturbance;
- chronic inflammatory joint diseases - plantar fasciitis is often able to arise as a complication of another disease, for example, arthritis.
For all the variety of reasons provoking the development of plantar fasciitis, the most likely factor in the disease is a constant load on the heel. Note that when a person is a long time in an upright position, most of the load( about half) falls on the heel. Most of all, in this case, the site where the plantar fascia connects to the heel of the hump is affected.
Clinic of the disease
As a result of this prolonged exposure, micro-tears can appear. In some cases, they are tightened independently, but with prolonged exposure to this part of the foot, the inflammatory process begins to develop, which becomes the main cause of very severe pain during walking.
There is also a thinning of fat, which should serve as a kind of shock absorber, reducing the load on the foot. As a result of such processes - the appearance of bone growths, contributing to increased pain. The length of such growths can vary from 1 mm to 1 cm.
Having considered all the main reasons for the formation of plantar fasciitis, we can determine and measures for its prevention. For example, if a person is overweight, then in order to reduce the likelihood of developing a calcaneal spur, one must try to get rid of it, thus reducing the load on the heel.
Reducing the load on the heel - as an effective option for treatment and prevention
Also it is worth trying to avoid overloading the foot, for example, if you have to stand or walk for a very long time, then after a while you should rest in a vertical position, crouching somewhere,then the surface. It is also worthwhile to deal with the treatment of flat feet in a timely manner, because it is considered one of the main reasons for the development of the calcaneal spur. It is recommended to wear special orthopedic insoles to make the load on the foot more uniform.
One should be careful with infectious diseases. They, too, can provoke a degenerative-inflammatory process. A good example is angina, influenza. Also gonorrhea, brucellosis - they too can cause the development of the calcaneal spur. If a person knows that he has problems with blood circulation, in such cases it is better to use massage and hold special foot gymnastics in order to improve blood flow.
LFK for feet
Given the fact that the calcaneal spur develops with excessive loads on the area of the plantar bone, it is necessary to try to distribute this load as correctly as possible. To do this, you need to closely monitor your own posture, the curvature of which immediately provokes an incorrect load distribution on the foot.
If the heel spur does take place, it is necessary to start its treatment as soon as possible, because the pain sensations, which in this case are the main symptom, will only grow with time, disturbing the patient more and more.
There is a whole list of methods of treatment of plantar fasciitis, which are usually used in a complex - so the result obtained from the therapy will be more noticeable. Consider the main methods of treatment used to control plantar fasciitis:
- therapeutic exercises and massage;
- orthopedic insoles;
- traditional medicine;
- surgical intervention.
Medication and folk remedies
It should be noted that drug treatment in this case is the most important and integral part of all therapy. For treatment, medicinal preparations of different groups are used, which have a beneficial effect on the human body.
First of all, pain medications are used that help dull the pain, it is easier to endure their periodic attacks, for example, in the morning after waking up or after a long rest. Also used are anti-inflammatory drugs that need to be taken for a long time - about two weeks.
If there is evidence, local injections can be performed to achieve improvement after a couple of procedures. Also, anti-inflammatory drugs can be used in the form of ointments and gels that penetrate the skin to the focus of inflammation. The use of ointments is characterized by lower efficacy compared with injections, therefore, only a physician should select anti-inflammatory drugs.
Do not do this without physiotherapy. It can be used in any form: electrophoresis;magnetotherapy;shock-wave therapy.
If we talk about the success and duration of treatment, then this is a fairly long process. The duration of therapy directly depends on the stage of the disease, the particular treatment used. Therefore, many patients, in order to approximate the moment of onset of relief, are used in complex therapy with folk remedies. Such treatment takes a lot of time, but in combination with the above methods gives good results.
Treatment with folk remedies
For example, for the treatment of the heel spurs, it is recommended to make foot baths with the addition of sea salt. At 1,5-2 liters of water you need to take a tablespoon of salt. The water should be hot enough, but the temperature should be chosen so that you can keep your feet in the water. The duration of one procedure is 15-20 minutes. The course of treatment usually requires 10-12 days. Through this time, the pain sensations usually disappear, the patient feels a noticeable relief.
There are many other popular recipes that will help cope with inflammation, combined with drug treatment will give good results. Independently people's funds are used quite rarely, because in this case, their effectiveness is a big question.
Video - Spurs on the heels of the cause
Heel spur: the causes of this disease
Basic concepts of
This ailment appears due to the constant load exerted on the feet, including plantar fixation. It is on it that microscopic tears appear. In many cases, such microtraumas begin to regress independently. In the case of constant loads, chronic inflammation develops, accompanied by pain syndrome. As compensatory reaction, marginal bony growths are formed, called heel spurs.
Reasons for the appearance of
Often, this ailment occurs in people aged 40 years. It should be noted that men suffer from this disease less often than women. Predisposed to this ailment are patients who have:
- excess weight,
- suffer from arthritis and diseases of large joints,
- with flat feet and gout.
The risk group for the development of this ailment includes athletes who constantly carry the load on the foot. This usually applies to athletes. With flatfoot, the possibility of correct distribution of body weight along the entire foot is disturbed.
In case of thinning of the layer of subcutaneous fat, the pain intensifies in the heel. This layer is a natural shock absorber in humans when walking.
The first symptom characteristic of this ailment is associated with the presence of pain in the heel. Especially it is strengthened in the morning, with support on the heel. Another name for this symptom is "starting pain".Throughout the day, the pain syndrome is extinguished. Towards evening he reappears.
This ailment proceeds with acute and burning pain, which is often compared with the feeling of presence in the heel of the nail. In this situation, it is recommended not to overload the sick leg.
When this disease infects 2 legs, walking becomes difficult. The center of gravity shifts from the heel to the outer edges and the front of the foot. In the results a transverse flatfoot develops.
To establish the diagnosis of plantar fasciitis, different research methods are used. Initially, doctors are studying anamnesis. This takes into account the patient's complaints. After passing the radiography, an accurate diagnosis is made-whether there is a calcaneal spur or not. Often complaints in the heel appear and with such ailments as rheumatoid arthritis, Reitra's syndrome and other diseases.
Treating the calcaneal spur is based on providing heel unloading. For this, doctors recommend using thrust pads and special insoles. At the same time, a set of physiotherapeutic procedures is appointed that help to eliminate the inflammatory process in soft tissues in the heel area. Also, the inflammatory process aimed at softening the spur is eliminated.
In this case, low-intensity laser therapy, X-ray therapy, mud applications and mineral baths are prescribed. You can achieve a good result with corticosteroids, including flosteron and diprospan.
In the presence of a large spur, shock wave therapy is prescribed. This technique is applied in the effect on the bone outgrowth of the wave sound energy. Thus, this outgrowth is destroyed. If this effect can not be achieved, surgical treatment is prescribed. In this case, the bone outgrowth is removed, and the altered tissues are excised.
To reduce the pressure on the heel when walking and maintain the arch of the foot, it is recommended that patients use foot insteps - special orthopedic insoles, including soft inserts with indentations at the location of the calcaneal spur. You can get rid of this illness with the help of massage and physical therapy.
To prevent the formation of this disease, measures will be required to prevent the development of inflammation in the soft tissues of the foot and flat feet.
If you are overweight, you will need to reduce it. It is also recommended to reduce the load exerted on the foot. It is also useful to walk barefoot on the grass and sand. Thus, blood circulation in this area improves, which prevents the development of various foot ailments.
When flatfoot development is recommended, it is recommended to treat it in a timely manner. If necessary, wear orthopedic insoles. Women should wear high-heeled shoes, the height of which does not exceed 3-4 cm. The lack of a heel adversely affects the condition of the foot. Also it is not recommended to wear sandals without backs. Otherwise, excessive stress is applied to the vaults of the feet. The footwear with a narrow toe also has a negative influence.
Heel spout - is there or not?
In the presence of pain in the heel area, it should not be concluded that a calcaneal spur is present. Only an orthopedist or surgeon can make an accurate diagnosis. In this case, the patient early in the morning when he is raised from the bed is experiencing severe pain in the heel. This symptom can be strong and harsh.
It should be noted that some ailments occur with a similar symptom. Therefore, it is necessary to distinguish this disease from Reiter's ailment, Bekhterev's disease and others. To do this, you need to investigate the biochemical analysis of the blood, in which rheumatoid factors characteristic of such diseases are detected, and which do not appear with a calcaneal spur.
One should also take into account the fact that the intensity of the pain syndrome in a patient does not depend on the degree of growth of ossification, but on the sensitivity of tissues. Often a strong pain syndrome occurs in patients with small spurs. Large spurs do not cause pain. With the help of roentgenography, a diagnosis is made and the size of the spur is determined.
Treat this ailment after consultation with your doctor. It is not recommended to engage in self-medication and use folk remedies without consulting a doctor.
Heel spur, symptoms and treatment at home
Also the method is contraindicated in the presence of acute infections of any nature.
Ultrasonic waves relieve pain, reduce inflammation due to deep tissue warming. Penetrating the damaged fascia, ultrasound accelerates its healing at the cellular level. Muscles relax, blood flow to the ligaments and tendons increases, edema decreases.
A light beam is sent to the damaged area. Positive effect is observed after 2-6 sessions, depending on the characteristics of the disease, the characteristics of the patient's body. Penetrating to great depth, the laser stimulates metabolic processes in damaged tissues, accelerates their regeneration.
The aim of previous methods is to remove inflammation, prevent and inhibit the growth of bone formation, regenerate soft tissues. Surgical intervention allows you to completely get rid of the build-up, but does not guarantee its reappearance, so this method doctors only apply in extreme cases.
The extent of surgery depends on the nature of the disease. During surgery, the plantar fascia is partially or completely cut, with simultaneous removal of the spurs and damaged tissues. But with complete( disconnecting) fasciotomy, the anatomy of the foot is disturbed. As a result, a change in gait causes disability.
Minimal invasiveness is characterized by radiofrequency microtenomy( burning out).Under the influence of high-frequency electromagnetic radiation destroy damaged tissues, as well as nerve fibers, which allows you to remove the pain syndrome completely.
The effectiveness of any technique depends on the timely diagnosis of the disease and the implementation of a set of preventive measures to prevent its development. Do not use numerous "folk" means, even if they helped friends. In the best case, they will prove to be simply ineffective.
Prevention of calcaneal spur
Prophylactic measures for the prevention and development of the disease can be summarized by the abbreviation - HLS( healthy lifestyle).There are several areas of prevention of calcaneal spurs:
- body weight control;
- prevention of premature aging of the osteoarticular apparatus;
- prevention of injuries, wear of the osteoarticular apparatus;
- timely diagnosis and qualified treatment of diseases of the musculoskeletal system.
Corns, ingrown nails, bruises often cause changes in the position of the foot and create conditions for trauma to plantar ligaments. In the presence of discomfort, pain in the area of the heel should immediately consult a doctor and begin treatment.
Body weight control
Excess body weight not only increases the load on the longitudinal arch of the foot. Simultaneously, a large weight can be evidence of metabolic disorders, various diseases that can directly or indirectly affect the condition of the plantar fascia, stimulate the formation of the calcaneal spur.
Prevention of aging of the osteoarticular apparatus
Active lifestyle, proper nutrition, control over your health will avoid premature aging of the joints, bones. Particular attention to the state of bone tissue should be given to women after 40 - the risk of osteoporosis. Medicine offers many mineral-vitamin complexes to support the health of the musculoskeletal system.
Preventing injuries and wear
Wearing the wrong shoe, heavy loads during sports training are also a common cause of calcaneal spurs.
Shoes with high heels should be worn no more than 3-4 hours a day. Orthopedists do not recommend flip-flops, sandals and other types of footwear without a back for constant wearing. Shoes should be with a small heel - 3-4 cm and firmly keep on their feet.
With flat feet, you must purchase orthopedic shoes or use correcting insole.
According to medical statistics, almost 25% of people involved in running, face pain in the heels. The reason is an unprofessional approach to training. Doing sports are useful only when doing the exercises correctly. During running, jumping, walking, you need to monitor the position of the foot, gradually increase the load. In the case of injuries, sprains, professionals are advised to reduce the intensity of training or abandon them until complete recovery. You need to resume the interrupted classes gradually.
Timely diagnosis of
The effectiveness of treatment depends mostly on the timely diagnosis of the disease. Referring to the doctor at the first sign of the calcaneal spur will avoid complications. People who are in the "risk group" - with flat feet, pathologies and diseases of the joint-bone apparatus, regularly undergo a check-up. Self-medication with medicinal, folk remedies is unacceptable! Use of medical equipment should be carried out only on the advice of a doctor and under his supervision.
Diet with calcaneal spur
One of the most important places in the treatment of heel spurs is diet. The osteophyte is formed from salts of uric acid. Therefore, the main goal of the diet is to normalize the acid-base balance, remove salts and reduce the risk of inflammatory processes in the body. Starvation can provoke an exacerbation of the disease, therefore it is completely excluded.
- reduced consumption of fish, meat, cereals, low-fat dairy products;
- the constant use of vegetables, fruits, fatty dairy products;
- plentiful drink - up to 3 liters a day: alkaline mineral water, decoctions and tinctures of dogrose, coriander, nettle, chicory;decrease in intake of easily assimilated carbohydrates - sugar, honey, sweets, chocolate, etc.;
- rejection of mayonnaise, ketchup, spicy seasonings;
- rejection of alcoholic beverages, including beer;
The exact diet is chosen by the attending physician for the patient's health condition. Compliance with such a diet contributes to the improvement of health in general.
Heel spur in children
The reasons for the formation of the heel spur in children are in many respects similar to the "adults":
Heel spur: description, causes of calcaneal spurs, effects and prophylaxis, treatment technique
Heel spurs are a bone outgrowth thatIt is formed on the site of the attachment of tendons, which causes pain and discomfort in the part of the sole.
General description of calcaneal spur
Bony overgrowth( osteophyte) on the surface of the sole of the foot in the heel area is called calcaneal spur. It resembles a spike and presses on the soft tissues of the leg, causing painful pain. Heel spurs can be of different sizes: from 4 millimeters to 12 millimeters. The point of the "spur" is directed towards the fingers and slightly curved upward.
There is an opinion that the calcaneal spur arises as a result of the load on the heel area of the foot, which happens with flat feet. There are cases when its occurrence is caused by age factors, rheumatism, vascular and neurodystrophic disorders, as well as traumas. To this list of possible causes of calcaneal spurs can be added subclavian bursitis, achillobursitis and fasciitis.
The fascia or muscle tissue of the sole is subjected to severe stress during the day. If these tissues are damaged, inflammation can develop and as a result of inflammation, the origin of the calcaneal spur.
At the beginning of the last century, the main cause of the spur was the injury, but today more and more often it can be called flatfoot or overweight. Especially the development of this disease the feet are affected by women, the number of which is 80% of the total number of patients are residents of cities.
The causes of the heel spurs
No one is insured against spurts. They can occur on one of the heels and on both, regardless of the age of the person, with the proviso that in the elderly the risk of spur is increased. At a young age, this disease affects people who are particularly intensely trained and engaged in sports, thereby causing stress on the feet.
The symptom of spur formation is pain in the heel, at the moment of support on it. The most painful are the first steps after awakening, and also after a prolonged immobile state. This pain is also called "starting pain".During the day it subsides, and then again intensifies, this time, already closer to the evening.
This pain occurs from the inside of the heel area or it spreads over the entire surface of the soles of the foot. This pain is often compared to pain from a nail that has stuck in the leg, so it's burning and sharp. Trying to reduce the burden on the aching foot, a person changes his gait, and in the case of spurs on both legs, walking is simply impossible.
93% of people suffering from calcaneal spur change gait by transferring the center of gravity from the heel to the front of the foot and its outer part. It is this change that leads to an incorrect distribution of the load and causes a transverse flatfoot. Visual inspection, as a rule, reveals nothing, and pathological changes remain unnoticed. Only with pressure on the bump of the bone, the heel on the sole side causes pain.
People suffering from excessive weight are the most vulnerable category that is prone to spur development. This is due to the load on the legs. In addition, persons suffering from spine diseases, lower limb joints and flat feet, are also prone to this disease, since in all these cases, the uneven distribution of the body's gravity occurs. The above categories also include athletes who professionally engage in athletics, in particular running, during which the load on the feet are very high.
Pain with calcaneal spur is also enhanced by thinning the layer of fat in the heel area. This fatty layer plays the role of a shock absorber during walking.
How to find out about the heel spur
Pain in the heel does not mean that a person has this disease. In the event that spur symptoms are present, it is best to contact an orthopedist or surgeon in order to confirm or deny a possible diagnosis. There are some diseases, the symptoms of which are similar to those of the calcaneal spur.
Similar diseases are rheumatoid arthritis, Bechterew's disease, Reiter's syndrome. These diseases can be detected by carrying out a biochemical blood test for the presence of rheumatoid factors.
A person with a heel spur, you can see on the X-ray. Pain from the spur depends not only on its size, but also on how sensitive the tissues are. Very often a large spur does not cause such pain, which can cause a small, sometimes inconspicuous in the picture. Therefore, to confirm the diagnosis, in addition to the X-ray, we must conduct ultrasound.
Consequences of calcaneal spur
In 25 cases out of 100 this disease leads to a decrease in the person's mobility. If the pain is particularly strong, then in this case, bed rest and sparing conditions for work are appointed. Doing the usual way of life is not by force. This fact is especially difficult for athletes and people who have been active before. But in the conditions that have arisen, when you experience severe pain at each step, it is very difficult to maintain the previous regime.
Prevention of calcaneal spur
Prevention of calcaneal spurs is quite possible. To do this, you need to do everything that does not allow flat feet, wear the heel bone and inflammation in the soft tissues of the foot.
People who are overweight should take steps that will help reduce their weight, thereby reducing the burden on the feet. It is advised to do foot massage and foot gymnastics, often walking along the grass and sand barefoot, which will improve blood circulation in the feet.
With flatfoot it is better to start timely treatment, because it is fraught with the development of the calcaneal spur. It is better to use orthopedic insoles, instead of the usual ones, and in general, if pain occurs in the foot, the orthopedist should be consulted immediately.
Comfortable shoes are also important in the prevention of this disease. She should be on a low heel, a maximum of 4 centimeters, and also not to squeeze or injure the feet. A high heel increases the risk of a calcaneal spur. But the lack of a heel also has a negative effect on the condition of the feet.
Shoes without a back wear are also not recommended, since the arch of the foot in them is in a stressed state. Such shoes can be used for temporary wearing, and for everyday long wearing it is necessary to pick one that does not fall off its feet and keeps well on it. A narrow toe of shoes is also highly undesirable.
To date, treatment of the calcaneal spur is to provide relief, ultrasound therapy, taking mineral baths, local administration of corticosteroids, and x-ray therapy. If these methods are ineffective, then resort to an operation, during which the bone growth is removed.
It should be noted that surgical intervention is resorted to only as a last resort: after all, the operation can not eliminate the causes of the disease, but eliminates only its effect. Prevention of disease relapse will help. Treatment by folk methods can last up to six weeks.
Heel spur: the causes of
Recently, with a disease such as plantar fasciitis, not only the elderly, but also young people are facing. At the beginning of the last century it was believed that heel spurs appear only after injuries. Active lifestyle, moderate exercise, combined with the lack of excess weight were the key to health. Of course, age-related changes were felt, but this disease was not too common. Right now, the wrong shoes, flat feet, excess weight and chronic diseases contribute to the early development of plantar fasciitis.Spur no longer bothers! How to get rid of heel pain in 2 weeks at home? Shporam.net
Flattened - problems are guaranteed
One of the most common causes of painful inflammation of the soft tissues in the heel area is the incorrect placement of the foot. Because of this, there is an increased load on the back of the foot, the weight of a person is distributed unevenly. This contributes to excessive stretching of the tendons, which begin to be injured even with ordinary walking on uneven surfaces.
If you know that you have flat feet, then you need to seriously approach the prevention of plantar fasciitis. After all, knowing the reasons for this problem, you can try to avoid it: for this you need to wear the right shoes with orthopedic insoles, exercise moderately, monitor your nutrition and do special gymnastics for the feet.
Different causes - one disease: weight, age and injuries
A metabolic disorder, which often manifests itself with age, contributes to the formation of a spur on the heel of the elderly. The reasons for its occurrence lie in the fact that with age, the process of deposition of salts becomes more intense, blood circulation in tissues worsens, and ligaments lose their elasticity. Because of this, with loads on the tendons appear small ruptures, soft tissue in these places become inflamed, and pain appears. The situation is aggravated by the fact that tissues in the body lose their ability to normal regeneration with age.
Another common cause is overweight. It is because of him that the load on his legs increases significantly. Obese people are exposed to microtraumas of the foot, which are not visible at first glance, but in the end lead to the appearance of spurs on the heels. This reason is becoming more urgent, because the number of people suffering from obesity is increasing every year.
Despite the fact that one of the ways to prevent plantar fasciitis is physical activity, athletes also face this problem. But they have other causes of its occurrence: excessive loads, sprains and various injuries.
When you know what spurs appear on the heels, with the help of lifestyle correction you can try to avoid this ailment. Of course, if you have confirmed diseases that are associated with a metabolic disorder, there were injuries to the calcaneus or blood circulation problems, then you must be extremely careful about the body's signals. At the slightest discomfort, it is worthwhile to visit a doctor: he not only focuses your attention on preventive measures, but also prescribes procedures to remove the inflammation that has arisen in soft tissues.
Even if you are still young, do not professionally sport, and you have never had any injuries, do not relax: there are a number of diseases in which the risk of calcaneal spurs is high enough. Among them: metabolic disorders, worsening of blood circulation in tissues, diabetes mellitus, rheumatoid arthritis, Bekhterev's disease. Regardless of the reasons for this problem, if you even slightly ache a heel on the heel - this is a sufficient reason for immediate contact with a surgeon or orthopedist.
In some cases, it is important to determine the cause of the disease. Sometimes this is the only way to convince a patient to change a lifestyle: for example, to go on a diet, start wearing the right shoes or stick to the regime of the day. Even if the procedures help to quickly get rid of inflammation in the tissues, there is no guarantee that the pain will not return in a few years.Please share a link to the article using the buttons below
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Heel spur is a common disease in modern society, accompanied by growth on the calcaneus of the anatomical or beak-like shape. All this occurs simultaneously with inflammation in the heel and pain when walking. Pain sensations are caused by the pressure of the bone build-up on soft inflamed tissues.
Most often, the heel spurs are associated with age-related changes occurring in the human body. Therefore, the appearance of this disease occurs in the middle or old age. Although heel spurs can not always be associated with age criteria, as it can make itself felt at a young age. The reasons for its appearance on the heels are explained by increased exercise or heavy physical exertion.
Causes of spur on heels
If a few decades ago heel spur was a rare disease caused by trauma, now it has become one of the common ailments that occurs on the heels. Grafts can be formed either on one, or simultaneously on both heels. The total fascination with uncomfortable shoes, crippling the joints of the legs, and power exercises, overloading the muscles of the feet, explains the magnitude of the spread of the disease in modern society.
Treatment of such a disease, as heel spurs, is based on the initial receipt of information on the cause of its appearance and leading provoking factors. Since the accuracy of determining the origin of the calcaneal spur directly depends on how effectively and quickly the further treatment will be performed.
The main risk factors
Heel spur is not an independent isolated disease. This is a symptom of the presence of another disease in the body. A risk group is identified, which includes people with flat feet, overweight, women over 40 years old, or suffering from spinal diseases. Therefore, the root cause of its appearance is the presence of an inflammatory process in the human body.
One of the main provocators causing the appearance of a tubercle on the heels is flatfoot. The cause of the relationship lies in the very nature of the disease, which is characterized by the lowering of the inner surface of the foot. Due to an incorrect distribution of the load on the structures of the feet, there is an overstrain and stretching of the tendons. They lead to the direct occurrence of inflammatory processes not only in the joint tissues, but also in bone fibers.
In case of occurrence of severe variants of the course of the disease, it is possible to tear the tendon fibers from the underlying pits. Then not only the tendons become inflamed, but also the layer of bone tissue under them. Therefore, the treatment of the spur directly depends on measures to combat flatfoot.
The risk of a spur on the heel area can be caused by an increase in body weight associated with a metabolic disorder or weight gain due to pregnancy. This results in non-rational loads due to the main load on the plantar fascia.
Due to increased load, stretching of the plantar fascia occurs, the main purpose of which is to maintain the back of the foot surface. The result of these permanent loads will be the emergence of microtraumas of soft tissues, which lead to inflammatory processes and pain sensations. As a consequence, there is the appearance of marginal growths on bone tissues, which can be from a few millimeters to a centimeter.
Treatment is aimed at eliminating the inflammatory process in the heels, as well as taking measures to reduce body weight.
Injury of heel bone
The spur on the heel can not appear independently on the heel, therefore the reasons for its occurrence should be determined in the lesions of the plantar fascia. The cause is stretching, tearing or congestion of tendons.
There are several examples of traumatizing the heel area:
- relaxes in the case of a person in resting condition of the foot, and in it there is a contraction of tissues, but when moving to the movement, a sharp stretching of the tendon fascia occurs, which eventually leads to growth of bone growths;
- regular infatuation with uncomfortable shoes, especially on a heel above 7 cm, leads to the risk of damage to the foot;
- as a result of regular loads on the foot, which are several times higher than natural ones, is the origin of the heel spur;
- heel injuries due to long hiking trips or intense sports activities, based on heavy loads on the foot muscles;
- severe calcaneus bruises, which can be obtained as a result of a jump from a high altitude.
Disturbance of metabolic processes
Various diseases associated with metabolic disorders in the body, or the presence of periodically manifested inflammatory processes, lead to the formation of a calcaneal spur. An example of a common disease caused by a metabolic disorder is gout. Because of it in the fibers and tissues of the joints, salts are deposited, which several times slow down the process of removing fluid from the body. Treatment spurs should be carried out in parallel with measures to normalize metabolic processes in the body.
Chronic joint diseases
Inflammatory processes in the calcaneal region leading to the build-up can be caused by chronic joint diseases such as polyarthritis, arthritis, Bechterew's disease. The appearance of the symptoms of the calcaneal spur often follows the manifestation of the inflammatory processes of the joints.
Patients with arthritis and Bechterew's disease, donating blood for tests, will have specific markers indicating the presence of inflammation. Therefore, the treatment of the spur in the heels will be an integral part of the measures to eliminate the inflammatory processes in the joints.
Reactive heel inflammation
Against the background of the presence of some infectious diseases in the body, reactive inflammation of the heel can occur. In this case, pain in the calcaneal region will be provoked by gonorrhea, chlamydia, reactive arthritis. The origin of the calcaneal spur will be a natural consequence of these infectious diseases.
The insidiousness of the listed diseases is that the appearance of the calcaneal spur is hidden and asymptomatic, when the diseased person may not even suspect that the build-up on his foot is growing. In this case, the soreness of the heel will manifest not only when walking, but with simple pressure and even at night in a state of rest.
Treating the calcaneal spur can be started only after the cause has been established. For this, it is necessary to undergo a medical examination and a consultation of a qualified specialist. It will take a long and time-consuming treatment, which, in addition to combating the heel spur, will be aimed at eliminating the underlying disease.
Therefore, to engage in self-treatment of the heel spurs can not be helped only by a qualified doctor who not only correctly diagnoses, but also prescribes appropriate treatment on its basis. The patient must necessarily adhere to the established treatment.
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