Life is a luxury, and legs - a means of transportation for it - says Novorusskaya proverb. Sometimes this "transport" is pursued by all sorts of diseases that greatly complicate a person's life. The causes that provoked the pain in the foot from the side, as well as from the outer or inner side, can be related both to injury of the joint and to the development of a serious pathology.
When a person has a stop ache, this is a serious and alarming bell, which means that you should not hesitate to visit a qualified doctor. There are following reasons for which there are pains in the foot:
- calcium deficiency;
- muscle failure associated with a sharp increase in weight;
- fasciitis( pain in the foot occurs mainly in the morning);
- Osteoporosis( there is pain in lifting the foot);
This pathology develops against the backdrop of bone injuries or diseases. Its main feature is the absence of specific signs other than pain in the foot. Occurring when a person is at rest, discomfort becomes stronger when moving. Even more pain in the foot becomes after pressure on the bone, located on the area close to the skin.
The causes of the appearance of painful sensations, according to doctors, are associated with the washing away of calcium from the actual bones. They arise against the background:
- deficiency of minerals and calcium;
- changes in bones associated with age;
- loads on bones associated with weight gain;Fruit bearing
- pathology of parathyroid glands and other endocrine organs.
An accurate diagnosis can be made after a thorough examination by a physician. Treatment of pain in the foot, which arose against the background of osteoporosis, consists in taking prescription drugs of vitamin D, hormonal and calcium-containing medicines.
The condition in which pain in the foot occurs in the morning, is called plantar fasciitis. Modern physicians distinguish the following reasons for the development of this pathology:
- excessive load on the foot( they are often associated with "standing" work);
- trauma to the plantar fascia against excessive weight gain;
- progressive flat feet.
Often the pain in the foot, arising in the morning, disturbs people with congenital weakness of the tissue( connective).The main symptom is a painful syndrome in the ascent and side. If a person has to walk a lot, over time, there is a risk of development of lameness.
In order to relieve pain and get rid of an unpleasant symptom, you need to get timely treatment. It implies a conservative approach. So, if the feet are aching against the background of the progression of the fasciitis, the patient is recommended the following:
- performing physical exercises that help to "unload" the feet;
- passing the course of massage;
- wearing orthopedic shoes( also relevant for concomitant fasciitis flatfoot);
- treatment with the help of ointments and creams prescribed by the doctor.
Phalanges of the fingers articulated with the heads of the right bones through the joints. On these sites are located bursa, or articular bags. As a result of thinning, which occurs due to age-related changes, there is a strain on the bursa. This is the main answer to the question, why there are pains in the joints, as well as on the areas near the fingers.
What should be done after establishing an accurate diagnosis, the doctor will tell you. Standard treatment involves the use of medications that relieve inflammation and stop the painful syndrome. It is also possible to relieve pain by exercising exercise therapy. In the most severe cases, if there is a very severe pain syndrome, injections are prescribed. If you remove the pain with conservative methods can not, a decision is made regarding surgical intervention.
Inflammation of ligaments, characterized by severe pain, is called ligament. When the disease progresses, there is often pain in the ankle, from the side, as well as on the rise and in the plantar zones. There is a pathology due to microtrauma, which is formed due to increased stress on the bone, or infectious pathologies.
To more precisely answer the question, why this disease progresses and what should be done, the professional doctor will answer. The disease is supposed to be treated with antibiotic drugs, hormonal injections and inflammatory drugs.
Pain in the upper part of the foot
Sometimes a person complains that the upper part of the foot hurts. This prevents him from walking and causes severe discomfort. The painful sensations arising from above, often testify to pathology of all actual zone. In some cases, a painful syndrome that forms from above and interferes with walking is associated with wearing uncomfortable shoes. For the rest of the reasons for the formation of the pain syndrome from the top of the current zone should be attributed:
- flat feet;
- development of the "marching foot"( this is a "professional" disease of all those who have to walk a lot);
- hygroma( manifested in the case when you have to walk a lot);
Treatment is prescribed by a qualified technician. If the patient is difficult to walk, then the doctor can be called to the house.
Pain in the ankle
Disturbances and pain in the ankle joint are often associated with the development of vascular pathologies, which are characterized by circulatory disorders. Often the pain in the ankle joint is formed against the background of the development of such a dangerous pathology as arthrosis.
Osteoarthritis is characterized by the presence of specific symptoms.
- appearance of puffiness;
- discoloration of the skin;
- increase in temperature on the affected area.
Also, the patient with a history of arthrosis is limping slightly. So serious a disease as arthrosis involves conservative treatment. In the first stages of treatment is the appointment of non-steroid drugs, then the patient undergoes a course of physiotherapy. If the arthrosis does not respond to treatment, the doctor decides on the surgical procedure.
Other causes of
Sometimes a sharp, aching or dull pain strikes the vault. The main reasons for which the arch is hurting are:
- The development of flat feet( the arch at the same time is lowered and overexerted).
- Development of gout.
- Development of valgus deformation of the foot( on the side, in the area of the thumbs, a very painful lump is formed).
- Development of Morton's neuroma( the vault affects a benign tumor).
- Development of diabetic foot( relevant for progressive diabetes mellitus).
What should be done in case if one of these diseases is diagnosed on the diagnosis, the doctor will tell. If the metatarsal bone hurts, then it is very likely that an offset occurred or a fracture occurred. It is often treated by the metatarsal bone surgically.
In order to avoid painful sensations, it is important to correctly distribute the load to the lower limbs. Shoes should be very comfortable for the entire foot and fingers in particular. It is also important to monitor your health, promptly applying for medical help.
Pain in the foot - treatment, symptoms and causes
The foot is a complex mechanism consisting of 24 bones that form two arches, longitudinal and transverse. Ankle joint provides the interaction of the foot, shin and fingers. The foot bones support each other and are connected by a fibrous tissue called ligaments. Muscles of the legs along with a rigid, sinewy tissue - the plantar fascia - provide auxiliary support to the bones of the foot. The muscles of the foot are divided into internal ones, located directly in the foot, and external, originating in the lower part of the shin and connected with the bones of the foot. There is also fat tissue in the foot, helping to withstand body weight and soften strokes.
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The foot is the basis for the movement of the lower limbs. If the stop hurts , this is a sign that either there are some abnormalities in the internal structure of the foot, or it is a consequence of disturbances in the interaction of the foot with external structures. To identify the reasons why the foot hurts, it is necessary to understand how, when pain occurs and where it is localized. When the foot hurts, the whole body reacts by changing the image of the movement and trying to reduce the pain. Biomechanical changes or diseases can interfere with normal movement and cause further trauma to the foot.
Why does the foot ache?
Does the foot hurts? Pain in the foot can be caused by various diseases, biomechanical changes or injuries. Acute and recurring injuries, diseases or their combination become the most common causes of pain in the foot;this can be observed in sports, under special conditions of work activity associated with physical activity and heavy loads on the foot. Trauma, as a rule, arises from the impact of external forces on the body, directly damaging it or forcing the body to assume a position in which one or more of the acting forces cause damage to any body structures. An unsuccessful biomechanical position can also cause pain in the foot. Wearing tight shoes and high-heeled shoes can cause pain in the foot pads. Tightly laced shoes can cause pain or bruising in the foot.
Such foot injuries like tearing ligaments, stretching muscles, bruises and fractures happen suddenly( sharply).Sore throats, sprains, fractures, bruises can be the result of a single or combined stress of the foot. Stretching of the foot or ankle occurs with excessive tension and tearing of the tissues of the ligaments that connect the bones. The foot hurts and with weak joints of the joints.
The bursa of the muscle or the fascia of the foot can be stretched with overexertion, heavy load, bruise or cut( for example, if you step on a sharp object).Tendonitis Achilles tendon is a common trauma to the tendon, which is attached to the back of the heel.
Damage to the bones and joints of the foot can be caused by one stroke, a turn of the foot or also multiple injuries that can lead to fracture. Trauma blunt force, for example, when someone step on the leg, can cause not only a bruise or bruise, but also damage to muscles and ligaments. A direct blow to the foot can cause bruising, rupture of the skin or even fracture of bones. Metatarsalgia is a pain in the metatarsus of the foot. The term "stone bruise" is usually referred to as a specific localized pain and tenderness in the lower part of the foot. As a result of a heavy load, athletes often have sprains at the base of their thumb. Trauma of the nail can be accompanied by a hemorrhage under the nail and loss of the nail. As a result of frequent injuries and bruises of bones, muscles, ligaments of the foot, bone growth, known as a spur or bone growth, can develop.
There is often a sprain of the ligaments that connect the foot with the ankle.
Damage to the skin or internal structures of the foot can be caused by numerous minor injuries. Small foot injuries can be obtained when running on a rough uneven or too soft surface, or when wearing an inappropriate, poorly suitable footwear. Thickening of the fabric of the sole and toes is commonly known as calluses and corns. Often their cause is incorrectly matched shoes. Morton's neuroma is caused by the thickening of the tissue around the nerve between the toes and can cause numbness in the foot and pain, and may also worsen when wearing uncomfortable shoes. If the foot hurts, you should think about the shoes that you wear, because incorrectly selected shoes can cause pain in the foot. Short-term wearing of the wrong shoe will lead to the formation of calluses, bruises or can cause the so-called "foot athlete"( fungal disease).If such shoes are worn for a long time, calluses, nausea, irritation of nerves and joints, wrong position of fingers, microtrauma of foot are inevitable.
Repeated overstrain of the same foot structure can cause fatigue fractures, tendonitis, plantar fasciitis and acute or chronic osteoarthritis. Fatigue fractures are characteristic of metatarsal( long) bones of the foot.
The arches of the foot absorb all loads during movement, walking, running. Damage to the plantar fascia often causes pain in the arch of the foot. Plantar fascia is a wide fibrous cord extending from the calcaneus to the anterior part of the foot and supporting the arch. If the plantar fascia is damaged, the resulting inflammation causes pain in the arch of the foot. High rise or flat feet can also cause pain due to deformation of the foot.
Stop also hurts with viral and fungal infections. Diabetes mellitus, Hansen's disease, arthritis, gout and common diseases can also cause pain in the foot. Nerve disorders on the legs can cause numbness and burning sensation in the foot, this phenomenon is known as peripheral neuropathy.
The cause of irritation and pain in the foot can be plantar warts caused by infection. Athlete's foot is a fungal disease that causes a lot of suffering. If the foot hurts, you should inspect the nails, perhaps the ingrown nail is the reason. The ingrown nail is the process of growing the nail plate in the skin tissue, accompanied by inflammation and causing pain.
Symptoms and signs of pain in the foot
Pain and hypersensitivity are the first immediate signs of any abnormalities in a particular area. A sudden or not going for a long time pain says that there is a problem. To identify the problem, it is important to answer the following questions:
- Does the pain in the foot occur while driving?
- Is it due to load on the foot?
- Does the pain in the foot cause you to change your gait?
The bones of the foot are connected by bundles. If the ligaments that connect the bones are tense, tearing occurs, the tissue breaks. Signs of stretching can be soreness, pain, joint relaxation.
Damage to the bones and joints of the foot can be caused by one stroke, a sharp turn of the arch of the foot or also multiple injuries that can lead to fatigue fracture. A sign of a fracture may be pain, especially felt in the bone. In the area of the fracture, pronounced edema or rupture, displacement of the fingers or anterior foot can be a sign of fracture or dislocation.
Muscles and tendons move tissues around the joint. If the muscle or muscle group is excessively stressed, fatigued, bruised, a rupture of muscle tissue can occur, and tension occurs. Signs of muscle strain - weakness when contracting, difficulty in maintaining balance, pain when walking. Tumor, tenderness, impaired function, changes in the color of the skin in the damaged area of the foot can also be signs or symptoms of stretching.
Contusions and concussions are a direct result of an injury. A bruised foot can occur for several reasons, for example, if you inadvertently stepped on a stone, twisted your leg, etc. Pain, swelling, changes in the skin of the foot, forced gait as a result of the stroke may be symptoms of a fracture.
When stretching the plantar fascia, there is a pain in the lower part of the foot from the heel to the base of the fingers. Stretching of the arch of the foot can also increase or decrease pain in the plantar fascia. In mild cases of plantar fasciitis, pain may decrease with "warming up" of the soft tissues of the foot;However, it can again increase with increasing load on the foot. In more serious cases of plantar fasciitis with overexertion of the arch of the foot pain increases. With plantar fasciitis, the foot is particularly sore in the morning, until it is warmed up by walking. If the foot hurts at night, it can be not only a sign of plantar fasciitis, but also of some other diseases.
Feeling of friction or burning on the surface of the foot, usually the first signs of calluses. Itching and burning between the fingers or across the entire foot is a sign of infection or fungal disease( athlete's foot).Pain and redness in the nail area indicates ingrowth of the nail.
When should I see a doctor?
If the foot hurts and this interferes with normal movements, if the motion causes pain, you should consult a doctor. Treatment of the foot is necessary if: there is a visible deformity, foot problems are violated, soreness is present, pain is accompanied by swelling or skin discoloration, toes, temperature in the injured area of the foot, it is impossible to touch the sore spot and you can not move in the usual way.
Diagnosis of pain in the foot
The correct diagnosis of the causes of pain in the foot is necessary for planning effective treatment. To begin with, you should compare the traumatized foot area with the unraveled area. Edema, rupture, sensations of "crunching" and inflammation are obvious signs of trauma. Type, causes, severity( acute or dull pain) are signs by which you can determine how much the foot injury is serious.
- Four levels of pain
- Before and after movement, does not affect the execution of movement
- Before, during and after movement, affects the performance of the movement
- The pain is so strong that it hinders the movement of
The doctor will find out why the foot hurts, how the problem arose. It is necessary to tell in detail how pain has arisen, how it affects, when it worries what was done( if there was) to reduce or stop the pain in the foot, in case of deterioration that led to it. If necessary, a thorough physical examination is performed to assess the severity of the foot injury.
- The technician will examine visually and physically the condition of the foot at rest, with or without load.
- The doctor will feel the sole and arch of the foot to determine the apparent deformity, soreness, any abnormalities and changes in the bones of the foot and its arch.
- Will check how the muscles function. This examination may include a feeling of the foot, turning it by hand, moving against resistance, you may be asked to walk or run.
- The doctor will check the sensitivity of the sole to determine if the nerves are damaged.
- To determine whether there are lesions or any breaches of bones or soft tissues, an X-ray or MRI is prescribed.
Treatment of pain in the foot
In accordance with the cause of pain in the foot, treatment is prescribed.
If the foot hurts or there is a feeling of discomfort, take the first steps: let the foot rest, apply ice, apply a tight bandage, keep your feet in a raised position. You can take painkillers, which are sold in pharmacies without a prescription.
Calm will relieve stress and have a healing effect. If the foot is unable to hold weight, crutches are used to facilitate movement. Ankle retainers can provide low mobility and peace of the affected area of the foot.
Ice can be used no longer than 20 minutes. The ice is put in a plastic bag, wrapped with a towel and applied to a sore spot. It is not recommended the use of ice, which is sold in stores, becausehe is too cold. If ice causes extreme discomfort, it should be removed immediately.
A tight bandage and an elevated position of the foot will prevent swelling in the damaged tissues.
To remove the edema and reduce pain in the foot, you can use medicines available without a prescription. Acetaminophen( Tylenol) will reduce pain;nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as aspirin, ibuprofen( mortin) or naproxen will reduce pain and relieve inflammation. Medication should be taken with caution, following the instructions and following the indicated doses.
A common way to reduce pain with plantar fasciitis is to roll a small ball with your foot.
If you have rubbed corn, apply a bandage to prevent further friction. If there are blisters, the doctor with a clean needle will make a puncture to get rid of the fluid;the skin will act as a natural dressing( covering), it should not be cut off. If the skin around the blister is torn, it should be cut off and treated with corn as well as the open wound. On the callus should be applied a sterile bandage or bactericidal plaster. With large calluses, it is good to use gel protective pads or similar available means. To prevent the formation of calluses in the future, it is recommended to lubricate the problem areas with petroleum jelly.
Once the reasons are determined, why the stop hurts, and the severity is assessed, treatment, corrective and rehabilitation measures are prescribed.
- Use by qualified medical personnel of such electrical medical devices as ultrasound, various types of electrical stimulation, light therapy( laser), and / or manual therapy to relieve pain, improve circulation in the injured area of the foot, which promotes healing.
- Prescription of the restriction of activity and motion.
- Replacement of motor activity, aggravating pain. Running is undesirable, becausethe body must experience tremors when it comes into contact with the ground. It can be replaced by bicycle riding, elliptical trainers, swimming, ski simulator, - they minimize the load and help maintain the physical form of the foot.
- Corrective preventive measures
- Replacement of shoes or use of other insteps.
- Careful selection of shoes, including a combination of socks and laces, to avoid friction and squeezing of the foot.
- Additional support for the foot, used in shoes: insteps, pads, orthopedic cushions, helping to support the foot in the right position.
- Sports shoes, as they are used and aging, lose the elasticity of the soles. Experience shows that shoes should be changed every six months, and if it is used constantly, then more often. Using removable insoles improves energy absorption and foot support.
- Biomechanics of the foot can be improved and with the help of free-selling orthopedic products.
- Strengthening of muscles and their flexibility
- Sometimes physical exercises are prescribed to strengthen the injured area and improve stability.
- Exercises to increase flexibility support muscle length. Flexible and trained muscles are easier to protect from injuries.
- Use of appropriate medicines to relieve inflammation and symptoms of the disease.
- Surgical intervention in some cases.
- Biomechanical evaluation of
- In trauma to the foot, the body is forced to change the way it moves. The doctor will evaluate these changes and help to make appropriate adjustments. Prolonged biomechanical, non-correctable changes can lead to secondary mechanical changes that cause pain and are not subject to correction, which ultimately leads to the impossibility of recovery or only to partial recovery.
- With proper application, methods such as qi, barefoot or light weight footwear can be effective in correcting biomechanical problems for runners.
- Continuous observation of the doctor until complete recovery.
What is needed to support the foot after the end of treatment?
Surveillance, regular checks, X-ray. As pain is relieved and muscle strength and flexibility restored, you can gradually return to normal foot loads.
How to avoid pain in the foot?
Before starting physical exercises, you need to take into account some points. How strong is your health? First and foremost, you need to consult a doctor, he will assess the state of your cardiovascular system, possible contraindications, undesirable medical problems. If you have such diseases as gout, diabetes, arthritis and neuropathy, then treatment is necessary beforehand.
The experts in sports medicine, orthopedists, physiotherapists will be able to choose the right combination of training. Prior to training, preliminary training can help reduce the risk of pain. For any kind of activity, it is important to observe the technique, this will help to properly perform the exercises and avoid injuries. In this case, the coach's role is important, with its help you will develop a good biomechanics and can get rid of the pain in the foot.
Do not underestimate the role of well-chosen footwear for training, it can also serve as a defense against pain. Properly selected shoes, proper foot hygiene can prevent the formation of calluses and blisters, bony calluses, bursitis, nail growth, fatigue fracture, metatarsalgia, Morton's neuroma, plantar fasciitis. Improperly selected shoes can worsen the disturbed foot biomechanics, while comfortable and well-fitting shoes can reduce shortcomings and biomechanical disturbances.
As the pain is removed and muscle strength and flexibility are restored, the feet can gradually return to normal loads. With the resumption of physical activity after treatment of the foot, the same factors as in the initial training should be taken into account. The pain in the foot can be caused by too much load and doing any movement too quickly. If the foot hurts, ignore the pain should not be, as this can lead to an aggravation of the problem. At different times of the year and the pain in the foot can be different. Most often, calluses, injuries of the lower leg and the arch of the foot occur at the beginning of the season. We draw your attention once again - to prevent the formation of calluses it is recommended to lubricate the problem areas of the foot with petroleum jelly.
Stress of the foot is always associated with the loads on it. If the legs are not trained and are not ready to increase the load at the beginning of the new season, muscle stretch, split shin, tendenitis - tendon dystrophy - are inevitable.
If the stop hurts, the optimal exercise program should start with a physical examination and expert advice and sensible planning. An indispensable component of a carefully thought-out workout is a good workout, starting, for example, with walking for 10 minutes, then alternating jogging and walking. The most optimal program for such training is jogging 20 times for 2 minutes, walking 1 minute, a gradual increase in the length of the run to 40 minutes. Good equipment and a surface for training will reduce the risk of pain in the foot.
The physical training program should include components such as strengthening the muscles of the press, the main muscles, flexing exercises in accordance with training objectives or a sport.
If the stop hurts during training, try to reduce the intensity. If pain persists, stop the exercise and consult a specialist to determine the source of the pain. Continuation of training through overcoming pain can result in a trauma to the foot.
Stop Sore - Quick Look
- Stop is a complex anatomical mechanism that is affected by internal diseases of the body or the disease of the foot itself.
- The foot harbor first takes over the load and regulates the force transmitted to the body when the body collides with the ground.
- If the foot hurts and this pain prevents the usual movements, you should consult a doctor.
- Treatment of the foot depends on the cause of the pain, and may include medical treatment, strengthening, stretching and the use of physiotherapy.
Read more on the topic of the foot:
What is the upturn in the foot?
It is necessary to make a vodka compress, gauze napkins are wetted with vodka, put on a tumor, fixed with a gauze bandage. Just 5-6 days you need a day( with physical exertion) to impose an eight-part bandage on the ankle joint.
most often from wearing uncomfortable shoes, the neuroma
of the foot arises, a benign nerve tumor caused by an abnormal proliferation of nerve cells in response to irritation.
Shark fat cream with neuroma of foot and neuralgia, effectively relieves pain and numbness, eliminates edema and inflammation in joints
Vodka compress at night.
go to the hospital)
take a bandage and water with cold water and bandage your foot, the bandage will dry and pull off the leg, it will become easier, cold water will relieve the pain
half a brush put a compress moistened in brine, salt draws water and swelling
will fall down. Especially in the rise.
it is necessary to descend or go on massage of legs or foots. .. Let поразминайте an hour. .. It seems to me it from a bad blood circulation
To the doctor it is necessary to go, at least to diagnose from what to treat. The pain can be due to flat feet, you need to buy orthopedic insoles, the pain occurs with viral damage to the bones, with chlamydia can be. Here antibiotics are good help. You may have arthrosis of the bones and besides painkillers you should drink such medications as arthra or arthrosin, maybe you have rheumatism. This is a separate difficult story. We need to check the veins. Maybe you do not have bones and veins. From the veins still need to drink medicine, all the same food braid. ... It will not be better if you do not start to be treated. The disease will cease, an apotheosis will arise with renewed vigor. Go to the doctor, God willing find you a knowledgeable specialist.
In the bone marrow( it is in the bones) - insufficiency of hematopoiesis and bone formation. Normalization of food. ..
And more specifically, the foot where it hurts in the heel area( heel spurs), it hurts to attack?in the arch of the foot( flat feet)?in the field of the Achilles tendon( with or without edema)?The more you describe the problem, the easier it is to understand it. Well, the main pain is the body's signal to the problem in it, and the health problems do not cure the tips. A trip to the doctor is mandatory, and the delivery of tests for the full picture. The first doctor with pain in the joints orthopedic trauma and rheumatologist.
Pains in the foot and lifting-problems of the gallbladder, check.