What orthopedic insoles and arch supports are required for longitudinal-transverse flat feet?
Do I need to buy orthopedic insoles with longitudinally transverse flat feet? Certainly, it is necessary. Flatfoot can affect a person's health, because of him, there may be problems with the spine, and this is serious. Still, because of flat feet, venous diseases can occur, which is extremely difficult to cure.
Features and pathophysiology of the disease
This ailment consists in changing the shape of the foot, which consists in lowering its arches. The human foot is supported by two arches - transverse and longitudinal. The transverse arch passes under the toes of the foot, the longitudinal arch runs along the edge of the foot along the inner side. This form of foot realizes the task of maintaining balance when walking and muffling the shaking that occurs during walking.
Throughout life, the muscles of the foot, and also its ligaments, weaken, the foot assumes a flat form, in which it can not serve as a person's spring.
Therefore, people with this disease often complain of pain in the joints and in the back, not knowing the cause of these pains. If you run out of energy for that. To maintain normal walking parameters, your joints - hip, knee and ankle suffer. Because of this, scoliosis and arthrosis can begin. Flat-footedness can begin in people who move a lot, and in people who do sedentary work day in and day out. This happens because those who move a lot, weaken the ligaments of the foot due to heavy load, and in sedentary people due to the lack of load on the feet.
Flattening is of various types - transverse, if the transverse arch of the foot is lowered, and longitudinal, if the longitudinal arch of the foot is lowered. Another flatfoot is called a combined longitudinal-transverse when the two vaults are lowered. The most common cases are cases of a transverse type.
Ploskostopiya by genus of origin are divided into congenital and acquired. Acquired flatfoot can become sick for various reasons, both the child and the adult. The acquired is divided into traumatic platypodia, rachis, paralytic and static.
Traumatic platypodia occurs due to fracture of the foot in the ankle joint or fracture of the foot bones, and also because of various injuries to the muscle tissue. To him leads and trauma of ligaments.
Ricky flatfoot often occurs as a complication after suffering rickets. Because of rickets, the bones become fragile. The leg does not hold loads, which leads to its deformation.
Paralytic platypodia is sometimes caused by a previous history of poliomyelitis, and paralysis of the muscles on the foot.
Like any disease, flat feet can be identified by specific symptoms.
Where can I get medical advice?
If you have these symptoms, you should consult an orthopedist or surgeon. Especially it is necessary that similar symptoms occur with varicose veins on the legs.
Symptoms of flatfoot have their own specifics for different types of flatfoot. With longitudinal flatfoot there is increased fatigue of the legs, when pressing on the foot in the middle there is a painful feeling, there may be pain in the lower back. Finding comfortable shoes becomes almost impossible.
With transverse flatfoot there are pains in the upper part of the foot, the fingers change their shape, become crooked.
If we talk about the most common causes of flatfoot, then we can note the increase in weight, including during pregnancy, uncomfortable shoes, various injuries to the feet, poor heredity, diseases, including rickets, too large and too small a burden on the legs. Since very many people in our time lead a sedentary lifestyle, it is necessary to do exercises for the feet. Complexes of exercises can be taken from a doctor or on the Internet.
Flattening in a child can be cured. In the toddlers, the feet are completely flat, but they do not have flat feet. It's just that the foot has not yet formed. By the four years of the stop is formed. To avoid flat feet in children, it is often easier to let the child walk barefoot. The child must move, walk, run a lot to train the feet.
If the child still acquired a flatfoot, in childhood it can be cured. Treatment can be conservative or surgical. For conservative treatment, therapeutic exercise and massage are suitable. If you still go to a polyclinic for a massage, take the child to the room of physiotherapy.
What is prescribed by a doctor?
With the described illness the doctor will necessarily write to you or your child orthopedic insoles for flat feet. How to choose them correctly? Now on sale there is a huge number of ready-made insoles. They are much cheaper than insoles made to order, and, strangely enough, better quality. Ready-made insoles are manufactured at the factory, and not on the knee of a dubious master. Insoles for flat feet for children are made using the same techniques as for adults.
Insoles are equipped with an arch support that will support the weakened arch of your foot. On the type of flat feet, the arch supports are longitudinal, supporting the longitudinal arch, transverse, supporting the transverse arch, and longitudinally transverse. Insoles-arch supports improve blood circulation not only in the foot, but also in all joints of the legs, help to avoid fatigue in the legs.
Very often the wearing of insoles, made at the factory and sold in the orthopedic salon, is shown to women who prefer shoes with high heels.
If the heel is larger than five centimeters, the foot point located on the heel of the foot does not perform its functions, and its work has to be taken by the foot department around the toes. Naturally, any insoles will not work. They take up too much space in the shoes. For model shoes, special thin insoles are needed. For such shoes half insole are invented. You can also buy heels. They occupy much less space in shoes. In any case it is necessary to consult a doctor.
Insoles are different in appearance. The transverse insole has a cushion in the middle of the foot, and the longitudinal insoles have a thickening along the inner edge of the foot. That is, the structure of the instep supports is different for them. Often the insoles are made and shock absorber for the heel, to relieve the load. The more complex your type of flatfoot, the more difficult it will be to design the insoles that you need to invest in shoes. The most complex structure has insoles for longitudinal-transverse flat feet.
When choosing insoles, it is difficult to determine how convenient it will be for you to walk, just trying on the insole by putting it in the shoe. Convenience can be assessed only with prolonged walking. The size is also difficult to choose the right model, because all the toes have different lengths, and the insole cushion can not get to the part of the foot, which is necessary. Experts advise to measure any ruler or square from the heel edge of the insole to the front edge of the cushion on the insole. In orthopedic salons there should be a table of correspondence of the size of this distance to the size of the foot.
The material from which the insole is made is of great importance. Do not recommend choosing artificial leather insole. In them the foot will sweat. If you chose an insole made of silicone, it should be trimmed with natural material on top.
The best thing is to buy an insole made of genuine leather. You can also consider buying a cloth insole, which has a liner inside of the latex, cork or a coal layer.
It will be fairly easy to determine if the selected insoles help you. If you become comfortable, your legs are not tired, you can be congratulated on the right choice. If there is pain and discomfort, then you either chose the wrong insoles, or you need to put on another, looser shoes, so that you do not shave the shoe with the insole.
Many people ask, during what time should I wear orthopedic insoles? If you have a flat foot, it will not go anywhere. Insoles must be worn constantly throughout your life.
Orthopedic insoles for flatfoot
Orthopedic insoles for flat feet
Flat feet are a common problem that affects a huge number of people regardless of age and gender. Therefore, this pathology requires special attention.
What is platypodia, and what kinds of it are
Flatfoot is called the change in the shape of the tops. It is characterized by the lowering of the transverse or longitudinal arch of the foot.
Features of the disease
Depending on this, two types of flatfoot are distinguished: transverse and longitudinal. As for the causes of deformation, there are several:
- trauma - a fracture of the ankles, calcaneus;
- paralysis of the foot muscles;
- load on the bones of the foot. This is an excessive load, which falls on weakened bones;
- muscle weakness;
- heredity - congenital flat feet can be identified in a child after 7-8 years, then the deformation becomes more noticeable.
Orthopedic insoles as a method of correcting flatfoot
To date, orthopedic insoles are a very common way of correcting flatfoot. They are made of special material, have an anatomical shape. Insoles differ in stiffness: soft, medium hardness, rigid. Each type of orthopedic insoles is used for an individual case.
Functions of orthopedic insoles
In order to objectively assess the need for using orthopedic insoles, you need to consider all their functions. The main task of orthopedic insoles is to correct flat feet. Insoles are selected for each case individually, depending on the type and degree of flatfoot. The insole has an elevation that helps to correct the shape of the foot.
Principle of orthopedic insoles
If to speak of longitudinal flat feet, the elevation is located on the inside of the insole. For the treatment of transverse flat feet, insoles are used, where the elevation is located in the middle part. In addition to correcting the shape of the foot, the insole helps to reduce the load that comes with it, and thus reduces the feeling of fatigue - it is known that people suffering from flat feet, very quickly begin to feel fatigue when they are in an upright position.
In addition, flat feet are often accompanied by valgus deformities of the foot - in this case the orthopedic insoles will have a special shape, allowing the foot to be fixed in the correct position.
Standard and individual insoles
Today in the market you can find a huge range of orthopedic insoles, which are very easy to buy in a specialized store or on the Internet resource. But, those who are interested in this issue, could notice that there are many proposals for the individual manufacture of insoles. What insoles and when to use.
Undoubtedly, individual insoles are the most effective because they are manufactured taking into account the anatomical features of the structure of the foot of a particular person. Such products are perfectly suited for the size, shape and height of the lift. But, ordering this product, you will have to wait a little while the insoles will be made.
The manufacturing procedure itself is divided into several basic stages. The first step is to diagnose the foot and formulate the formula. At this stage, an experienced orthopedic doctor will be able to determine the shape of the insole, the height of its rise, other features of the product for a particular patient. It is worth noting that only with the proper level of professionalism of the doctor, the recipe will be drawn up, right.
Next, the insole is manufactured, after which it is given to the patient for fitting. The insole can be made by the plaster cast of the patient's foot or by means of a more modern way - a computer image. If we speak directly about the quality of the result itself, then in both cases it will be almost the same.
Individual orthopedic insoles
The last step involves adjusting and correcting the insoles during their use. Insoles can be made of different materials: natural leather, modern polymer substances. But, the first option is still considered ideal, because the properties of natural leather allow it to take the exact shape of the patient's foot, keeping it throughout the life of the product.
To insoles have served as long as possible, you must strictly follow all the rules of care for them, which will necessarily be announced by the person engaged in the manufacture of insoles. The cost of individual insoles depends on their manufacturer, the material that was used during manufacturing. The patient can choose the insoles themselves, which meet the requirements for quality and price.
As for the standard insoles, you can buy them in a store in a few minutes, by choosing the right size insole. But, it is worth noting that for the treatment of flat feet, it is better not to use them. Standard insoles will be an excellent means of preventing flat feet in adults and children, but it is better to order individual manufacturing for treatment. In this case, you can provide a more effective correction of the arch of the foot, which will take a little time.
Prophylactic and therapeutic insoles
It has already been mentioned that orthopedic insoles for flatfoot are used for the purpose of treatment, but they can also be used for the prevention of flatfoot. How to distinguish preventive insoles from medical insoles. Everything is simple enough. Prophylactic insoles are made of soft material, so do not deliver any uncomfortable sensations - on the contrary, the child will feel more comfortable, will be able to protect himself from the development of flat feet.
Insoles for the treatment and prevention of flatfoot
If we talk about medical orthopedic insoles, it is semi-rigid and rigid products. They support the foot in the right position, have a noticeable therapeutic effect due to the fact that they retain their shape even under the influence of the load - the weight of a person.
Effectiveness of orthopedic insoles
When it comes to choosing a method of treatment, in any case, its effectiveness is estimated, which is commensurate with the urgency of using a particular method. If we talk about orthopedic insoles, their effectiveness is high enough, but depends on many factors: the age of a person, the degree and shape of flat feet, the correctness of selecting insoles.
The highest effectiveness of insoles is indicated if you start to wear them from childhood. This is due to the fact that the formation of the body and the growth of bones is not yet complete, so flatfoot in this case is very easy to fix. Orthopedic insoles are recommended to start wearing as soon as the child has learned to walk. In this case, the flatfoot, if it is, very quickly corrected, and if there is no deformation of the foot, then the orthopedic insoles will help prevent it in the future.
Orthopedic insoles will help not only to prejudice, but also to cure platypodia
If you start wearing insoles after the child's growth process is completed, they will help to keep the foot in the right position, reduce the load on the foot and evenly distribute it, stop the progression of flatfoot. To correct the deformation of the arch of the foot in this case will be more difficult, but still, from wearing orthopedic insoles it is not worth to refuse, they will bring a lot of benefits.
Video - Orthopedic insoles for flatfoot
How to choose the right orthopedic insoles from flatfoot
Flat-footedness is the most common disease in orthopedics. It arises from the congenital weakness of the ligaments, the wearing of uncomfortable shoes, heavy loads on the feet, during pregnancy, etc. And most often it occurs in women.
Corrective insoles are prescribed by orthopedic doctors, usually with the diagnosis of flat feet, which can be longitudinal, transverse and combined.
It is about how to choose orthopedic insoles with flat feet correctly, the Female site Orekhovo-Zuevo and will tell you in this article.
We will choose the so-called ready-made insoles, which are sold in different sizes in salons and pharmacies. They are cheaper and better quality than individual ones.
Why do we need footbeds for
Why do we need insole, what functional role do they play? As the arch of the foot weakens, and it flattenes, the muscles are no longer able to take on the entire load of the body while walking. It is not distributed correctly, and as a result there are various deformities, for example, valgus or Hallux Valgus, more known as bones on the big toes.
Insoles have a pelote or instep support and help our legs in that they effectively support the transverse or longitudinal arch, unloading the feet and damping the loads.
Thanks to orthopedic insoles, blood circulation improves and pains decrease not only in the feet, but also in the joints of the legs - in the ankle, knee, hip, and also in the spine.
Also, if the insoles are selected correctly, then you can provide a more correct posture. And by itself, much greater comfort when walking.
It is especially important to use orthopedic insoles for women who wear heels above 5-7 cm. In this case, the foot loses one of the points of support on the heel, and all the load goes to the sock, that is, to the front arch of the foot.
And after a while there is a feeling of heaviness, burning, there may be corns and corns. Of course, with ordinary insoles in the model shoes is not entirely comfortable, because, although they are thin, and even ultra-thin, but the place in the shoes occupy. And if you pick them wrong, then you can cause serious inconveniences.
Therefore, for shoes with heels and open shoes - sandals, half-insole are invented, various inserts-crossbars and foot arch supports. Also in non-anatomical shoes it is recommended to wear heel pads.
Types of orthopedic insoles from flat feet
Insoles of the arch supports are of three types: orthopedic transverse insoles, insoles for longitudinal flat feet and insoles longitudinally transverse.
They differ in the calculations of arches. Insoles in transverse flatfoot have a metatarsal pelote in the place of the corresponding arch of the foot, that is, a special cushion in the center. A longitudinal insoles, respectively, laying along the inner side of the foot or instep.
And what if the disease has a combined form? For this purpose, insoles are invented for longitudinally transverse flat feet, which combine both of these elements.
Often the product includes a shock absorber, reducing the load even for it. The higher the degree of flatfoot, the more serious the design should be.
For example, soft insole, as well as gel( silicone), just reduce the load, and rigid, wireframe, reliably support the foot. Insoles with a frame are more suitable for ordinary walking or long standing on legs, soft - with pain in the foot, they are slightly thicker, but much more comfortable. For sports shoes it is better to choose products without a skeleton.
You can make individual insoles by purchasing a set of insoles consisting of a base with a longitudinal arch and a removable pelota.
How to choose insoles for flatfoot
Now let's talk about how to choose the insole for the size and anatomical structure of your foot. Just trying on this product, in general, is useless. It is difficult to understand if you are comfortable doing a few steps in the salon.
It is necessary to choose the right insoles for transverse flatfoot not only according to the size of the foot, because the length of the fingers is different for everyone, and there is a possibility that the pelot will not go where it should be. Therefore, orthopedists advise individual selection of insoles when buying this way - to measure the ruler the distance from the heel to the front edge of this liner.
What happens in the end? Distance L should be approximately:
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- longitudinal and transverse flatfoot 1, 2 and 3 degrees;
- increased foot stress during pregnancy, overweight, long walking, sports;
- corns, corns, nimes, omozolenosti;
- trekking, fishing, outdoor work
- sweaty feet
What are the above factors?
- When the transverse and / or longitudinal arch of the foot descends, flattening, the physician diagnoses as a flatfoot .According to statistics, in more than 55% of cases, flat feet are combined with other deformities of the feet. For example, when the transverse arch of the foot is "spread out", a fan-shaped divergence of metatarsal bones occurs, and the thumb in most cases starts to move to the outside, bone is formed( cone ).Most often, transverse platypodia is diagnosed in patients aged 35-50 years.
- Weight gain and displacement of the usual load on the feet during the pregnancy results in a flattening of the feet. In addition, most women increase the elasticity of ligaments and tendons. Additional risk factors are the reaching the age of 30 years of and a long stay in one position( sitting while standing ).
- Narrow sock, thin, stiff outsole, high heel often cause calluses. Gradually formed and hackers , namony .If they do not disappear - this is a bad sign, then the transverse arch of the foot is gradually flattened. And the next stage can become flatfoot , hammer-shaped deformation or other problems.
- The relationship of wearing uncomfortable shoes( especially on high heels) and edematous syndrome , evening fatigue of the legs is obvious. If this is combined with the varicose disease and lack of even the minimum physical exertion of the , then any orthopedist will make disappointing predictions. A stop in such cases needs support and a reduction in the load.
Principle of operation
- The insole design combines a cushioning insert in the heel area and cross-vaulting made of soft latex( Seitz roller).This design ensures that the load is distributed correctly to the front of the foot and reduces the load on the joints when walking.
- The presented model combines materials of different degree of rigidity and is recommended for treatment and prevention of transverse and longitudinal flatfoot. The stop is held in the desired position by a spring-loaded frame of durable plastic.
- Medium absorbent layer of Carbosane - an unbreakable soft foam that holds the shape well - supports the deformed foot with flat feet and other diseases, preventing further flattening, facilitating walking and relieving fatigue. The addition of coal, known for its ability to absorb odors, provides the neutralization of odors , which is relevant for excessive sweating .In addition, coal has an antimicrobial effect.
- The lower layer has a moisture resistant coating, keeping the feet dry when the shoes get wet.
- The top layer of natural fur keeps the optimal microclimate in winter cold, allowing the skin to "breathe".
Instructions for use:
- if you can remove the insole from the insole, and insert it.
- if the insole is not removed insert on top of the existing
Recommendations for care:
- Dry in the distance from the heating devices
- Wash manually in a soap raster.
- Do not press
- 2 pcs.- left and right
- Shock-absorbing layer of non-leaking Carbosan with activated carbon.
- Waterproof coating