Can I correct a scoliosis of the 2nd degree with gymnastics?Scoliosis is one of the most common diseases of the spine, characterized by curvature. There are 4 degrees of disease, differing in severity. Depending on the stage of scoliosis, appropriate treatment is selected: corsetting, massage, physiotherapy and exercise therapy. Exercises for scoliosis of the 2nd degree are very effective, but corsets are rarely used at this stage.
Most often, scoliosis is detected as a child. The main causes of this disease are low physical activity, weak muscles and poor posture. The sooner the scoliosis treatment begins, the more likely the cure is. A feature of the disease is its rapid progression. In rare cases, scoliosis of the second degree can be detected already in a newborn baby, when his lower limbs or pelvic bones are asymmetric. To successfully get rid of scoliosis it is necessary to apply to qualified specialists who will prescribe complex treatment taking into account all the characteristics of the patient( sex, age, physical form, etc.).
How to treat scoliosis of the 2nd degree?As mentioned above, this disease requires complex treatment. As a rule, the complex includes procedures for the manual therapist, reflexology, physiotherapy and, of course, therapeutic gymnastics. The latter method is considered the most effective in the fight against scoliosis.
When the disease is a scoliosis of the 2nd degree, the symptoms are usually the following:
1) The waist triangles are unequal.
2) The shoulders are at different levels.
3) Paddles are also at different levels.
4) If the disease is located in the lumbar region, the gluteal folds are asymmetric.
5) The spine is markedly twisted around its axis.
Is physiotherapy effective as a method of treatment?Physiotherapy procedures give good therapeutic results. With this method of treatment, sessions of electric stimulation of the spinal muscles are performed. If you were prescribed physiotherapy, it is important to remember that during stimulation of the muscles of the thoracic region of the back, there may be unpleasant sensations in the heart area. In some cases, the physiotherapy of this department can cause arrhythmia.
Physiotherapy procedures are helpful in diagnosing left-sided scoliosis of the 2nd degree. If the patient tolerates physiotherapy well, then it is optimal to take a course of eleven to twelve sessions.
What should be the right massage for scoliosis?One can ask the question: "And how to treat scoliosis of 2 degrees?" With this disease, good results are shown by massage and manual therapy. The best effect from such procedures is noticeable in scoliosis with displacement of pelvic bones and / or joints between vertebrae in any of the parts of the spinal column.
Massage is well combined with exercises for scoliosis of the 2nd degree. Because massage sessions help to over-strain due to the curvature of the muscles to relax and improve blood circulation in the affected area.
It is important that the manual therapist had experience, because even because of one session of a wrong massage, the effect of other treatments can go wrong. However, if the expert is highly qualified, the situation can significantly improve after several sessions.
Gymnastics for scoliosis of the 2nd degreeTherapeutic physical training in such a disease is considered one of the most effective methods. It is important that the set of exercises was chosen by the doctor. Undoubtedly, the simplest exercises can be done independently. However, more complex must necessarily be discussed with the doctor, since the main condition for performing therapeutic exercises is the principle of "do no harm".After all, an incorrectly chosen and / or made exercise can destroy all the painstaking work of restoring the spine. For the first time a physician or a physiotherapist will teach you how to properly perform exercises from a medical complex.
Exercises are also helpful in diagnosing right-sided scoliosis of the 2nd degree, since some of them have the ability to exert a different load on symmetrical muscles. That is, the weaker muscles gain strength, and the stronger ones just stay toned. Any therapeutic exercises are aimed at strengthening the natural corset muscles supporting the spine, so that the vertebral column is always in the correct position and, accordingly, not reset.
Gymnastics in scoliosis of the 2nd degree should be performed slowly, so as not to damage anything. Beginning classes are with the smallest loads, gradually increasing them as the muscles become stronger. Pulling the spine can only be passive, so the vis on the crossbar is prohibited because of the possibility of damaging the spine.
It should also be remembered that scoliosis exercises of the 2nd degree should not be aimed at increasing the flexibility of the spine, as this will more likely increase the progression of the disease than strengthen the muscular corset.
Gymnastics is important to do daily, because otherwise the result will be approximately zero, each time will have to start anew, because with a long break muscles loosen.
Physiotherapy for scoliosis
Scoliosis - lateral curvature of the spinal column. What do you need to eliminate this distortion? Take, and even align the spine. Of course, you can not do any drugs. Direct mechanical effects on the curved vertebral column are needed. These effects are combined into a special complex of physiotherapy exercises - abbreviated LFK.LFK in scoliosis is the main method of treatment, and in addition to physical exercises includes massage and physiotherapy procedures, as well as the use of special orthopedic drugs.
But it's not so simple. Physical stress is unequally effective in various forms of this disease, and in some cases is completely contraindicated. Everything depends on the degree of curvature, its location, and, most importantly, on the patient's age. Recall that 4 degrees of scoliosis are distinguished depending on the angle of the arc of curvature:
- 1 degree - no more than 10 °
- 2 degree - 11 ° to 25 °
- 3 degree - 26 ° to 50 °
- 4 degree - 51 ° and more.
Folk remedies and methods of scoliosis treatment
Correctly chosen physical exercises for scoliosis of 1 and 2 degrees can reduce the angle of curvature of the scoliotic arch, and even return the spine to the initial physiological state. Unfortunately, in later, 3 and 4, stages, this is impossible. At this stage, the exercise therapy is of an auxiliary nature, and, at best, will only slow the progression of the curvature. In addition, with scoliosis of 3-4 degrees due to pronounced changes in the shape of the spinal column, significant disturbances occur on the part of the respiration and circulation, which makes it difficult to perform physical exertion. Therefore, timely started exercises in scoliosis are not only important, but also vitally important.
In this case, do not forget about the age of the patient - the more he is, the less chance of getting the desired result. And when you reach adulthood, when the spine is fully formed, these chances are almost zero. Therefore, all exercises should be carried out in childhood or in adolescence - the earlier, the better. And in this regard, all responsibility falls to the full not on a small patient, but on his parents.
Rules As a result of the exercises performed with exercise therapy for scoliosis in the body, the following positive changes occur:
- The angle of the curvature of the spine of
- disappears The muscles and ligaments of the back and waist
- Strengthens such manifestations of scoliosis as torsion( twisting) of vertebrae,rib hump, muscular roller
- Improves coordination of movements, always suffering from scoliosis
- Increases exercise tolerance
- Strengthens immunity
- Normalizeswork of the internal organs - the heart, lungs, gastrointestinal tract
- Improves appearance, posture
- Increases emotional background, improves mood.
All exercises are performed under the supervision of a physician in a spacious, well-ventilated room, in the absence of pain, dizziness, and other negative sensations. There are health gymnastics in scoliosis and its own characteristics. These features are the uneven muscle tone. From the convex side of the scoliotic arc, the muscles experience the maximum load, and therefore are constantly strained. With the concave they are on the contrary, relaxed, and sometimes completely atrophied.
In this regard, the exercises can be symmetrical and asymmetric. As the name implies, symmetrical exercises create a uniform load on all muscle groups. As a result of asymmetric loads, the muscles are relaxed on the convex side of the scoliosis, and the tension is with the concave side. These exercises are developed by the physician specialist strictly individually for each patient, and are performed under his supervision. Examples of asymmetric exercises are one-sided twists of the trunk, raising the arm from the concave side of the scoliosis and moving the leg with the convex. Perform all these exercises with great care, otherwise they can lead to aggravation of scoliosis. In this regard, among physicians LFK there are many opponents of asymmetric loads.
But there are exercises that are clearly contraindicated in scoliosis. These include:
- Vis on the crossbar
- Pulling, flip-flops, and other acrobatic elements
- Training with weights and a bar
- Sports games and sport dances
- Running for long distances, especially with severe scoliosis of 3-4 degrees.
Physiotherapy in scoliosis is contraindicated if it is accompanied by severe pain and severe breathing and circulatory disorders. Also, you can not exercise if the angle of curvature increases rapidly, and scoliosis in a relatively short interval of 1-2 degrees goes into 3-4.
The complex of exercise therapy for the treatment of scoliosis includes warm-up, the main section, and the final stage. All exercises are performed at a smooth pace. Movements are made on inhalation, the initial position is taken on exhalation.
1. The warm-up begins with the straightening of the back. To do this, to any horizontal surface, for example, to the Swedish wall, you should evenly nestle the calf muscles, shoulder blades and buttocks. Then, without holding their breath, they retreat from the wall for 1-2 steps, trying to keep their back straight. After this, a set of preparatory exercises is performed. In the standing position, legs on the width of the shoulders, carry out hand movements - lifting, retraction to the sides and back, rotation. In this position, the legs are bent in the knees and squats. Each exercise is repeated 4-5 times.
2. Here the exercises are carried out in the supine position on the back or on the abdomen. Each exercise is repeated 3-5 times.
- Lie on your back. Then place your hands on the back of your head. Raise your elbows to the side, and then return them to their original position.
- Lying on your back, bend your knees. Then alternately bring your knees to your stomach.
- Lie on your back and bend your knees. After that, raise the pelvis and cave in the thoracic spine.
- Lying on the back, lift the trunk, thereby performing deflections in the thoracic spine.
- Lying on your stomach, stretch your arms along the body with your palms down. Leaning on the palm of your hand, one by one lifting your legs together with your body.
- Lying on the back, perform rotational movements with your legs as a bicycle. During the rotation, try to bring your feet as close to the floor as possible, without touching it.
- Lying on the back, cross legs in a horizontal and vertical plane as a scissors.
- Lying on your back, raise your legs together. Then dilute them to the sides, and hold in this position for a few seconds.
- Lying on the stomach, raise the head and shoulders, holding them in this position for a few seconds.
- Similarly, while lying on the abdomen, simultaneously raise the lower limbs and upper body, leaning on the chest.
- Passive traction. For this, lying on your back, try to maximally extend the body along the longitudinal axis. To do this, you should stretch your head up, and your legs - down.
- Lying on the stomach, simulate the arms and legs swimming movements.
3. The final stage of the exercise complex is walking on your toes with your hands up or on your heels, with your hands behind your back. It is also possible to walk with a high knee lift, or, conversely, with the sweeping of the shins back.
In addition to exercises, physiotherapy exercises for scoliosis includes physiotherapy and massage procedures. Massage is carried out differentially, asymmetrically. Pathologically strained muscles relax, and atrophied muscles - on the contrary, are stimulated. Among the physiotherapeutic procedures are shown: muscle electrical stimulation, magnet, electrophoresis, the use of paraffin and ozocerite.
The use of special orthopedic devices for exercise therapy is mandatory. Otherwise, the desired result will not be achieved. Children are shown wearing special corsets or orthoses. They are made of synthetic polymers, equipped with stiffeners of light metal, and are adjusted depending on the growth, width of the body, and even the localization of the curvature. To orthopedic adaptations carry special beds with an equal rigid bed on which the child not only sleeps, but sometimes spends a considerable part of a free time.
Physiotherapy exercises for scoliosis 1, 2, 3 and 4 degrees
Physiotherapy is prescribed for many pathologies of the musculoskeletal system, including scoliosis. Correctly composed sets of exercises, selected according to the stage of the disease, help to avoid the progression of this pathology and reduce the overall burden on the vertebral column and the patient's internal organs. That is why exercise therapy for scoliosis, manual therapy, physiotherapy and conservative pharmacological treatment form the basis in the fight against this disease.
LFK can be used for any stage of scoliosis
It should be noted that exercise therapy can be used at any stage of scoliosis, but the greatest effect can be achieved if you start the exercises with the initial forms of the disease. A complex of exercise exercises, massage, gymnastics and certain sports( for example, swimming) strengthen the muscles of the back and form a strong muscular corset that helps stabilize the spine, correct its deformities, improve posture and prevent the emergence of functional and organic lesions of internal organs.
It is important to combine physical exercise with other methods of correcting posture. Thus, it is proved that the traditional treatment and exercise therapy, massage, non-traditional segmental manual influence on the spine can effectively eliminate the defects in the posture of the initial forms - this treatment is especially indicated in patients during periods of active growth of the body.
When selecting individual exercises, remember that you must take into account the shape of the scoliosis, as well as the individual characteristics of the clinical picture for each patient, so should not independently create a complex of exercise therapy for scoliosis and engage in self-medication at home without first consulting an orthopedic physician .This can only complicate the course of the disease and provoke its active progression, since incorrect selection of the intensity of stretching or mobilization of the spine can provoke a fairly rapid progression of scoliosis due to disturbance of compensatory processes in the spinal column. Only the correct use of physiotherapy exercises in scoliosis can positively influence the course of this pathology. When using various exercises in scoliosis, we must remember that they are symmetrical and asymmetric.
Regardless of the choice of the complex of exercises, in the treatment of scoliosis for optimal correction of posture, it is worthwhile to know that with their help it is possible to eliminate only the functional kind of curvature of the spine. With structural and organic changes in the vertebrae, when there is a stable component of curvature, correction of deformation can not be eliminated in this way.
I must say that alone you can perform only basic symmetrical exercises that are part of the basic exercises of exercise therapy for a scoliosis of 1 degree with minor deformations of the spine, since such exercises have minimal stress on the vertebral column, which reduces the likelihood of their incorrect performance and negative impact on the pathogenesis of the disease. A characteristic feature of symmetrical exercises is that they are able to differently affect the symmetrical muscles of the back, which are contracted incorrectly due to disorders of posture due to scoliosis. At the same time, weaker muscles are subjected to a greater load and train intensively than strong muscles, which determines the formation of a regular and balanced muscular corset that supports the spine in the right position.
Basic complex of therapeutic exercises for scoliosis
The basic exercise complex of exercise therapy consists of exercises that are corrective and strengthen the influence on the muscles of the trunk, and those that perform a dosed stretching of the spine, which helps to get a correct posture. Among the basic rules that should be adhered to when practicing physiotherapy exercises in scoliosis, when performing any exercises, allocate:
- should start with a minimum load, which should grow gradually;
- dosage of exercises should be performed taking into account the patient's well-being;
- is allowed to apply only passive traction of the spine, so do not hang on the crossbar - this exercise can cause irreparable harm to the body;
- the exclusion of all exercises that are aimed at increasing the flexibility of the spine and include vertical rotation of the trunk is an important task of the exercises used.
It is necessary to alternate exercises that act on the muscles of the shoulder girdle and hands with exercises that determine the load of the leg muscles.
Basic rules for performing basic exercises
Basic exercises for scoliosis should include warm-up, the main and final part. During warm-up, it is important to try to maintain proper posture. To do this, you can stand against the wall, touching her with heels, tibial muscles and buttocks, then make 2 steps forward, maintaining the correct posture. It is important to breathe without delay.
In scoliosis, children perform more simple exercises for the spine
Then the legs should be placed shoulder width apart, raise your hands up, inhale, stretch and lower your arms, while exhaling. It is also important to maintain a correct posture. For warm-up, you can apply circular movements with shoulders, bending the legs in the knee joint with simultaneous attraction to the abdomen, torso of the trunk forward with arms outstretched.
You can apply simple sit-ups, which should be performed at a slow pace, which is important when applying exercises - a different kind of exercise therapy for scoliosis in children, in persons with shallow breathing is undesirable, because too intense squats can cause dizziness, headache, tachycardia and deterioration of well-being. The main section should include a list of exercises that are compiled by an experienced doctor - a specialist in posture correction. They depend on the degree of curvature of the spine and the anatomical and physiological characteristics of the patient. At the same time, special attention should be paid to the correctness of the selected exercises, their consistency and systematic study.
The final part in most cases involves walking on toes and heels, as well as walking with a hip lift or with a "sweeping" of the shin.
Exercises for s-shaped scoliosis
The exercise therapy for this type of scoliosis is aimed at correcting the deformities of the spine in the thoracic and lumbar region, as well as strengthening the paravertebral and latissimus muscles of the back. With this scoliosis the following exercises are used:
- To sit on the bench, hands behind the head. Turn the shoulder girdle to the left side so that a right angle is formed, and the legs remain fixed( the so-called "twisting" of the spine).Then you need to lie so that on the edge of the bench placed blades. Bend over the edge of the bench and hang, relaxed, and also carry out a catapult at an angle of 30 ° up and down.
- Lie on the bench with your belly down so that the edge of the bench is near the waist, hands should be behind your head. Bend down to the formation of a right angle, and then maximize to unbend. If such exercises are easy, you can do them with a small load( up to 3 kg).
- Simple pull-ups on the crossbar.
Features of the selection of exercises
I must say that the exercises are selected taking into account the features of scoliosis.
For example, exercise therapy for chest scoliosis and curvature of the spine in the lumbar region should be directed to compensate for distortion and to develop the right muscles, which will stabilize the spine in the correct position. The recommended technique of exercise therapy and the selection of exercises completely depend on the stage of scoliosis.
When compiling a set of exercises for scoliosis of the 2nd degree, all exercises should be directed not only to achieving the stability of the spine, but also to correct the existing deformation. Gymnastics, which is used, is aimed at strengthening the main muscle groups that support the spine.
LFK in left-sided scoliosis is often directed to balance training and balancing, they are based on the torso of the trunk to the left. It should be noted that right-sided scoliosis is more often developed. With right-sided scoliosis, additional correction methods are used to eliminate the unilateral deviation of the spine from the normal axis, as well as to strengthen the muscular corset, which helps to effectively stabilize the spine and prevent the progression of the disease.
In scoliosis of the 3rd degree, the treatment methods should be directed not only to the elimination of severe deformities, but also to the improvement of the physical development of patients, to include the use of restorative, not just corrective exercises.
I must say that the treatment of scoliosis should be comprehensive and under the supervision of an experienced vertebrologist.
P.S.In the video below you can see how yoga helps in the treatment of scoliosis:
On exhalation, it is necessary to tighten the bent leg to the stomach. Repeat on each leg four times.
Now let's bend forward. Be sure to keep your back straight.
Next we'll crouch. The back should be kept straight, slowly sit on the exhalation and stand up on the inhalation.
The following block of exercises is designed to correct the curvature of the spine. He may not turn on if we are dealing with the first degree of scoliosis.
We get into the standard position. We put our hands on our shoulders, we begin to rotate our elbows. We do three approaches.
The position is the same, we lower one shoulder and move it back, we return it by inhalation. We do not turn back at the same time.
Click to enlarge
Previous body position, now lift the shoulder and turn forward, slightly hunched shoulder, pulling the shoulder blade back.
Exercise "Cipollino".On exhalation we drag the head of the head, we try to grow. We pull like a string to maximize. Stop completely on the floor. When the greatest tension is reached, stay in this position, then return to the starting position. Like any stretching, it should be performed smoothly.
Another block of exercises, it aims to strengthen the muscles of the press.
Perform in the prone position classic legs with legs. Mash alternately, cross-wise, do three sets of thirty-second approaches.
Previous position, with your feet we make circular movements, as if you were riding a bicycle. Also, two, three sets of thirty seconds.
Raise your legs up, push them apart, connect them together and lower them. We perform up to eight times.
We stand on all fours. Now we need to pull forward the left hand, and back the right foot. My breathing was the same. You have to do it six times.
We will continue to draw, to do "Cipollino", in a supine position. Pull the crown up, heels down. For 15 seconds three times.
We strengthen the muscles of the back.
We perform all exercises from the position, lying on the stomach. We lift only the head, without lifting the breast from the floor. After the end of this exercise, we begin lifting the entire upper half of the body. We repeat this exercise, in variations on the basis of hands. We pass to the raising of the legs and the flies with our feet. At the end of this block we make a boat, at the same time we raise both the legs and the upper half of the trunk. We detain for a couple of seconds, on exhalation, and we lower on inhalation.
Finish the complex better exercises for stretching, repeat "Cipollino", and if there are no contraindications, then hang on the gymnastic wall.
Daily, systematic application of these exercises will help you to develop a correct posture. As a result, keeping the correct position of the body behind the desk, or computer, you will protect the spine from deformation.
Having developed and strengthened the muscles of the press, and the spine, you will create a natural, supporting corset that will take on high loads and protect the spine.
Lfk with scoliosis. Yes or no?
Scoliosis is a lateral curvature of the spine, which mainly develops in children from six to fifteen years old. With age, he can progress. Therefore, it is very important to notice it in time to take appropriate measures.
LFK in scoliosis - this is one of the methods of conservative treatment of this disease, which has not only therapeutic effect, but also rehabilitation.
The main goals of exercise therapy for scoliosis:1. Elimination of muscle imbalance.2. Lifting the load from the spine.3. Correct development and strengthening of the ligament-muscular apparatus of the trunk.4. The formation of correct posture.
Exercises of exercise therapy in scoliosis are facilitated by:1) strengthening the muscles supporting the spine;2) correcting the deformation of the spine;4) improving the function of external respiration;5) general strengthening of the body.
Many are interested in how to cure scoliosis. With simple forms of the disease conservative methods of treatment are used: exercise therapy, massage, electric stimulation of muscles at rest, swimming. In severe forms of scoliosis, surgical methods of treatment are used.
Scoliosis of the third degree is characterized by deformation of the thorax because of the high degree of rotation of the vertebrae around its axis. This entails the wrong position of the ribs: on the bulge side they protrude outward, and on the opposite side they are drowned inwards. The main external feature is a clearly visible rib hump. The angle of curvature of the main arc is in the range of twenty-six to fifty degrees.
Complex of exercise therapy for scoliosis
Complex of exercise therapy for scoliosis is performed at a slow pace and daily.1. Lie on your back, hands resting on the back of your head. Inhale and spread your elbows to the sides. Exhale and bring them together. And so three times.2. Lie on your back. Inhale and alternately bend the legs to the stomach. Exhale, straighten your legs.3. Lie on your back and bend your legs in the knee joints. Bending in the thoracic spine, lift the pelvis.4. Lie on your stomach. Inhale, raising your body and bending the thoracic spine. Exhale, lowering your torso.5. Lay down on your side, with a cotton swab. Inhale, throwing your hands behind your head. Exhale as they drop down.6. Stand on all fours. Inhale, simultaneously stretching the right leg and left arm. Returning to the initial position, exhale. Then change your leg and arm. Repeat the same three times.
LFK for scoliosis of the thoracic part
LFK in scoliosis of the thoracic area is recommended to be performed in both acute and chronic forms of the disease. The main thing is that there is not a lot of pain.1. Sit on a chair with a back, hands down along the trunk. Inhale, placing your hands on the back of your head and bending back to the top of your back. Exhale, back to the starting position.2. Lie on your back and spread your arms. In the area of the thoracic spine, place a hard roller. Inhale and bend. On exhalation, lift the upper part of the trunk and move the cushion along the spine. And so three times.
LFK in scoliosis of 2nd degree
LFK in scoliosis of the 2nd degree should be supervised by qualified instructors.1. Become, having developed shoulders, touch a wall with buttocks, calf muscles and heels. Take a step or two from the wall, keeping the posture.2. Lie on the floor and press the lumbar region of the spine to the floor. Stand up, taking the correct posture.
LFK in scoliosis in children
LFK in scoliosis in children is shown to all. The main thing is to choose the right exercises and carry them out constantly. However, it should be noted that there are certain problems. The fact is that before reaching the age of fourteen, you can not apply complex movements on the simulators to correct scoliosis. It is also forbidden to use strength training to strengthen the muscles. Therefore, we offer you only those exercises that can be performed at home without harm to health.1. Lie on your back, straightening your arms along the body. Inhale, while lifting both hands up. Exhale, drop them down.2. Stand on all fours. Bend your arms in the elbow joints until you touch the chest with the floor.3. Lie on your stomach, straighten your arms along the body. Leaning on your hands, simultaneously raise your body, alternating one arm, then another. And so three times.
As you can see, exercise therapy in the treatment of scoliosis gives a positive result. But it is important not to be lazy and do everything right. Strong to you health!
Scoliosis is a disease of the musculoskeletal system, which manifests itself in the form of curvature of the spine. Medical therapy with such pathology does not make sense. Here the mechanical effect is more suitable. This is the role played by a complex of exercises of exercise therapy in scoliosis. It should be noted that the treatment of any pathology should always be complex, one can not use only one method. Therefore, in the curvature of the spine, massage, manual therapy, physiotherapy are prescribed. But exercise is the basis of the healing process, especially in the early stages of the disease.
What should I consider when appointing a complex of physical therapy?
Exercises for scoliosis
First of all, the patient must undergo a test to establish an accurate diagnosis. The orthopedist conducts a questioning of the patient, collects an anamnesis of the disease, clarifies complaints. At visual inspection marks presence or absence of an asymmetry of a body of the person applied for medical aid. If there are complaints of pain, a neurologist's consultation is prescribed. The last stage of the examination is X-ray. Using this method, the degree of damage to the spine is determined. It is graded according to the angle of the deviation of the spine from the norm:
- 1 degree the deviation angle is not more than 10 °;
- 2 - not more than 25 °;
- 3, respectively, does not exceed 50 °;
- 4 degree - exceeds 51 °.
Having established the stage of the disease, the attending physician develops a treatment plan.
"Why not start immediately?" You ask. After all, as mentioned above, physical education in this disease is the basis of the healing process. This statement is true, especially for 1 and 2 degrees of scoliosis. Therapeutic gymnastics not only stops the pathological process, but also completely restores the correct position of the spine. At later stages( grades 3, 4), exercise therapy is an auxiliary method of treatment. An adequately selected set of exercises can only slow the course of the disease, but it can not be cured. In addition, this period is complicated by various disruptions in the functioning of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems. This should also be taken into account when developing and prescribing physical therapy. Otherwise, you can only do harm.
The age of the patient plays an important role. As a child, the vertebral column is in the formation stage, which is why the exercise of exercise therapy makes sense.
From all of the above, we can conclude that the complex of therapeutic gymnastics should be prescribed and developed by a doctor. He must take into account the degree of scoliosis, age, general condition of the body and the presence of concomitant diseases and complications. In addition, the younger the patient and the less the vertebral column is changed, the better the treatment prognosis.
Methodological recommendations for the development of a set of exercises for the treatment of scoliosis
Before deciding on the question of what should be included in the complex of exercise therapy for a patient with our pathology, let's determine what result we want to get.
- Strengthen the muscular corset of the thoracic and lumbar spine.
- Eliminate or reduce curvature of the spine, muscle cushion and costal hump.
- Adjust the posture, and, consequently, improve the appearance of the patient.
- Correct the coordination of movements.
- Prevent complications from the heart and lungs. And if they already exist, then help to normalize the work of internal organs.
- Improve the general condition of the patient: spur immune processes, strengthen physically.
- Improve mood and raise self-esteem.
Complex of exercise therapy for children with scoliosis
When developing the exercise complex for exercise therapy in scoliosis in children, it is taken into account that this disease is characterized by a uneven tone of symmetrical muscles. From the convexity of the arc, the muscles are in constant tonus. With the opposite - relaxed, and in more severe cases, even can atrophy. Therefore, the exercise program consists of the following types of loads:
- Asymmetric exercises of , which affect certain muscle groups on one side of the trunk, while others on the opposite side relax. For example, turn in one direction.
- Symmetric loads of help keep the spine in anatomically correct position. As a result of performing them, there is an uneven load on the symmetrical muscles on both sides of the body. The muscle tone in them becomes the same, the curvature of the spinal column is eliminated.
- Desortion - stimulate stretched and relax muscles in constant tone.
- General strengthening exercises allow you to develop general endurance, physically develop the body.
However, there are a number of exercises that are unacceptable in scoliosis. Their use in the treatment of physical therapy with patients treated by us pathology can only aggravate the state of the disease. These include the following exercises:
- Hanging on a gymnastic ladder or crossbar.
- Various acrobatic exercises( for example, somersaults).
- Lifting Gravity.
- Run, especially for long distances.
- Jumping or sport dancing.
It should be emphasized that the whole complex of exercises is developed by a specialist in physiotherapy. Individual approach to each patient is carried out. Classes are held in the polyclinic or department of exercise therapy under the supervision of medical workers. If, when performing a set of exercises, the patient feels pain or signs of an intensification of the pathological process, then the cut must be directed to the consultation of an orthopedic doctor and the set of exercises adjusted.
How should the exercise for physical therapy work in the scoliosis of
? The exercise of exercise therapy for children in scoliosis consists of the following stages:
- Warm up. Its goal: gradually prepare the body for the basic exercises, warm up the muscles, put the right breath.
- Basic loads. This is the basis of therapeutic gymnastics, it is at this stage that exercises are performed to correct scoliosis, stimulate muscle and motor activity, stabilize the work of internal organs and systems.
- Final exercises restore breathing, reduce the level of stress.
Particular attention is paid to the correctness of performing respiratory gymnastics. It contributes to the improvement of lung function, which is severely affected by the deformation of the chest. On the Internet, you can find many exercises LFK video in scoliosis. But it is better not to use them. Because it is only the doctor who can correct the course of the session in accordance with your state of health.
Complex of exercise therapy in the early stages of
disease in early stages of scoliosis
The most important in treatment is exercise therapy with scoliosis of 1 degree, as well as the second. As mentioned above, the therapy of this pathology is complex. But at this stage, properly selected physical load is able in a short time not only to stabilize, but significantly improve the course of the pathological process. The growth of loads is carried out gradually. What can be included in the set of exercises?
- In the standing pose, movements are made for sipping.
- Retraction of one hand back while lifting the second up.
- Combination of different slopes.
- In the position on the floor doing deflections.
With 1 degree of scoliosis, sometimes even enough exercises to strengthen the muscles of the chest and back, as well as correcting the posture of movements. In the 2 stages of the disease, when choosing exercises, it is necessary to take into account the direction in which the curvature has occurred. In accordance with this, non-symmetrical exercises aimed at the load of some and the relaxation of other muscles are performed. In addition, special attention at this stage is given to respiratory gymnastics. Sciosis in stages 3 and 4.Do you need physical exercise?
With 3 degrees of scoliosis, as well as in 4 to the formation of a set of exercises for curative gymnastics come with extreme caution. The main problem is that large loads on the damaged spine are unacceptable. They are more likely not to improve, but will only aggravate the course of the disease. The lesson is completely in the prone position. The basis of therapy with the help of exercise therapy in this case is treatment not by exercise, but by the position of the body. Practically the whole complex of exercises of physiotherapy exercises in this state consists of asymmetric movements.
It should be noted that at 4 degrees of scoliosis in patients with a fully formed spine exercises exercise therapy are not effective. The main method of treatment is surgical intervention. This is the only way to correct violations in the structure of the spinal column.
Swimming and its role in the treatment of scoliosis changes in the spine
Swimming exercises of exercise therapy in scoliosis are allowed for almost any degree of pathological process. Possible contraindication may be unless the greater mobility of the vertebrae. But even in this case, they can be conducted under medical supervision. The individually designed complex of gymnastic exercises in the pool must meet the following conditions:
- Swimming movements are selected in accordance with the degree of the underlying disease, the presence or absence of concomitant diseases or complications, the age of the patient.
- When exercising, follow the correct breathing.
- Before the movement in the water, it is studied on land.
- No training is provided to develop flexibility and stretch the body.
The lesson is built in the same way as the usual one in physiotherapy exercises. It starts with a warm-up that takes place outside the water. It also includes breathing exercises.
The next stage is swimming. With this pathology, the recommended style is a breast brace. Why? It is in this position of the body that rotational movements( which in our case are contraindicated) are not performed and the thorax is located along the surface of the water. Then the immediate complex of therapeutic exercises in the water is performed. Required pauses for breathing exercises. They will help to avoid heavy loads.
Any activity ends with gymnastic exercises on land, as well as breathing exercises. They are aimed at a gradual reduction of the load.
It should be noted that patients with scoliosis should periodically visit the attending physician to monitor changes in the condition of the spine and correction( if necessary) of the treatment process.
Exercises for scoliosis
For the correction of scoliosis in the thoracic and lumbar spine there are special sets of exercises that are aimed at strengthening the musculature of the back. They are able to reduce lateral deformation of the axis of the spine. Among the exercises distinguish asymmetrical and symmetrical exercises. A symmetrical set of exercises for scoliosis is aimed at normalizing the entire muscular corset of the back. And asymmetrical exercises develop individual muscles, lead to a relaxed tone and release the clamped ones.A new look at the treatment How was the former "hard worker" able to get rid of arthritis and osteochondrosis for a month? More. ..
There is a special parterre gymnastics in which weights are not used( for example, dumbbells).It can be used at home. It sets the following goals:
- Relieve the tension of individual muscle groups taking into account the specificity of breathing.
- Teach a person to move synchronously, taking into account the characteristics of the disease.
- Work out the muscles of the abdominal press.
- Develop skills for proper performance of gymnastics.
- Return the spine to its former flexibility, even if the vertebrae are limited in their mobility.
Before starting the gymnastics, it is necessary to conduct a special warm-up to remove the clamps from the muscles. Carrying out it must try to keep the correct posture. To do this, you need to press your back against the wall so that there is no free space between the buttocks and shoulders. Next, you should move away from the wall in two steps and start practicing.
Scoliosis of the thoracic region, accompanied by pain in the back, requires the following exercises:
- From the prone position on the back, it is necessary to raise the legs at a right angle about 20 times, trying not to touch the floor when lowering, sitting on the floor to place the hands behind.
- Perform scissors with straight legs.
- Sitting on the floor, hands lay behind the head. Alternately, it is necessary to touch the elbows of the knees, raise hands to the sides, raise and lower the upper part of the body, place your hands in front of you and perform cross-leg movements.
Exercises for S-shaped scoliosis
When the diagnosis is S-shaped scoliosis( that is, there is a curvature in the thoracic and lumbar regions), the following set of exercises can be applied.
- Sitting on a bench, put your hands behind your head and start turning your shoulder girdle first in one direction, then in the other.
- Then lie on the bench with your stomach and begin to sag. If the exercise is given easily, then we can use dumbbells.
- Even the most simple pull-ups on the crossbar can increase the height of intervertebral discs. Should be tightened only if there is no pain syndrome.
Important point! With S-shaped scoliosis, exercise therapy should be done taking into account all the features of pathology. It is necessary to select exercises, both to compensate for curvature, and to stabilize the spine in the correct position.
When choosing therapeutic exercises to correct scoliosis, it is necessary to take into account the degree of curvature. At 1 and 2 degrees of scoliosis, a complex is selected that is aimed at strengthening the muscles of the back to stabilize the correct position of the spine. When the spine is moved to the right or left, exercises are performed for balancing and balancing. At a scoliosis of 3 degrees the complex which includes gymnastics on the general improvement of a condition of the person and correction of deformation is necessary. All asymmetric exercises should be performed under the strict supervision of a doctor, since they are quite dangerous, at home they are not recommended.
For general restorative exercises, which are recommended the following classes: dosed running, squats, body twists, pull-ups, moving games. Such lessons should be conducted at least 5 times a week to fix the result. All this is done only in the initial stages of the disease, at grades 3 and 4, therapeutic gymnastics can only harm and lead to the progression of the disease.
Therapeutic gymnastics for children
The complex of gymnastic exercises for children with thoracic scoliosis at 1,2,3 degrees is the basis of therapy. With its help, you can achieve a positive effect fairly quickly, as in children the spine is still very flexible and it is easy to return to its normal position. Performing exercises, you can normalize the blood supply in the back, eliminate all the problems that arise as a result of curvature.
- All exercises should begin with a warm-up. To do this, you need to press your back against the wall, straighten up, then move away from the wall in two steps and begin to perform circular movements with shoulders, stretching with lifting hands up, body tilts forward and squats. Next in the basic complex includes such exercises as a classic "bike" from the supine position, "scissors", passive traction into the string( legs to pull down, head up).
- From the prone position on the abdomen, you can make movements simulating swimming in the style of the breaststroke, and again make scissors, tearing the hips off the floor during a swing with the foot to give additional load to the longitudinal muscles of the back.
- From lying on the side again we return to the scissors, perform the flies, lift the legs up and fix it at the highest point, stay for 5 seconds and return to the starting position. Dorsal muscles should strain.
- The complex of exercises is finished with scoliosis in the standing position. Doing circular movements with shoulders, squats and finishing gymnastics.
Exercise should be done a couple of times a day for 3-4 approaches. Every time you need to try to strain your muscles more and more. As soon as it becomes easy, it is necessary to use dumbbells as weighting agents.
Exercises for the treatment of scoliosis is a form of body training that is necessary for any person, both healthy and having problems with the spine. Charging is of great importance, since it helps to correct scoliosis and eliminate all the consequences that arise as a result of curvature. You can supplement it with yoga. This is a good alternative to physical education and massage with regular classes. Yoga is aimed at working with the human body and positively affects all organs and spine. Physical exercises and yoga improve the metabolism, allow to strengthen the muscular corset, have a restorative effect, normalize the work of internal organs.
Organization of classes
The scheme of building therapeutic gymnastics should be reduced to the following stages.
- Preparation. Includes classes for unloading the spine. Most exercises are used for the abdominal, for the back muscles, for balance and coordination.
- Main part. Classes for general strengthening of the body, training for strength and endurance, corrective exercises, proper breathing. Basically, they are performed from the prone position, kneeling. Then there is a moving game.
- The final stage. Exercises on breathing coordination, running, walking. All stages should be accompanied by monitoring the maintenance of proper posture.
Features of exercise therapy for children
Corrective gymnastics for children with scoliosis helps to straighten the spine by strengthening the back muscles that will perfectly support it in the right position. At 1 degree of scoliosis in children it is allowed to perform a basic set of exercises at home, since the possibility of harming the body in this case is minimal. Symmetric corrective exercises aimed at developing weak muscles and strengthening the entire muscular corset are recommended. At 2 degrees of scoliosis the doctor more carefully selects a complex of therapeutic gymnastics. It allows to strengthen the basic muscular groups and to correct deformation.
The basic complex of exercises includes corrective, asymmetric and symmetrical physical exercises. Asymmetric affect the curvature of the spine, correcting it, stretching the muscles from one side( concave) and strengthening with the other( convex).It is worth remembering that asymmetric corrective exercises should be performed only under the guidance of an exercise physician or doctor.
For children with scoliosis of the 2nd and 3rd degree, corrective gymnastics is developed individually depending on the localization of scoliosis. In thoracic scoliosis, asymmetric exercises are applied for the shoulder girdle with the removal of one hand( from the concavity side) forward as in swimming. Corrective exercises for the pelvic girdle are used for lumbar scoliosis.
Detorative corrective exercises solve the following problems: correction of scoliosis by equalization of the pelvis, stretching spasms and strengthening of the stretched muscles in the thoracic and lumbar spine, rotation of the vertebrae towards the reverse torsion.
Exercises for scoliosis in children include both respiratory gymnastics, for the development of weak lungs. This is important, because children often forget about breathing, delaying it. What is not permissible in physical education. The methodologist makes sure that the children breathe properly. When the chest is filled with air, the tone of not only the lungs but also all the muscles of the back increases. To begin with, respiratory gymnastics is performed lying on the floor, and then in the corrected poses. Apply exercises symmetrical and asymmetrical, lying, sitting and standing, doing counter-action with their own hands, putting them on the lower ribs.
When performing a complex of therapeutic exercises, it is worth remembering and about forbidden. These are those that are associated with the shaking of the body, sharp movements and twists. To prevent subsequent exacerbations and recurrence of scoliosis, it is necessary to constantly perform exercises throughout life and monitor body weight. So you can keep your spine healthy for a long time.