Complex for longitudinal longitudinal transverse flatfoot

Treatment of transverse platypodia

Treatment of transverse flatfoot often occurs through various forms of foot-restoring devices, such as insoles in shoes, or even special shoes. Operative intervention is used in the treatment of flatfoot extremely rarely.

With such a disease as flat feet, every second person on Earth is familiar. If flat feet were not in their youth, this does not mean that in old age it will not overtake you. The foot may deform with age due to various external factors( incorrect shoes, load on legs, etc.).Now this disease is very often diagnosed in children. Flatfoot is a change in the foot. Doctors almost recommend flatfoot prevention. From the correct form of the foot depends our spine, and from it all the organs.

Treatment of transverse flatfoot in adults

The first and most frequent flat-footed clients are women. To look beautiful, they go to great sacrifices. Wear the wrong shoes, big heels, platforms blindly following the fashion.

In men, transverse platypodia is much less common. This disease can be in men, when they spend a lot of time on their feet and the whole weight of the body presses on them or aggravates the problem with the wrong footwear. According to statistics, the transverse flatfoot is found in the ratio 8: 2( female men).Also, the transverse flatfoot is transferred genetically along the maternal line.

The treatment of transverse flatfoot in adults is divided into two stages( a kind): conservative and surgical. The orthopedist doctor chooses the method of treatment, after examining the foot and taking an X-ray photograph. At an early stage, it is recommended to treat the transverse flatfoot simply with a warm foot bath. Recommend massages that the specialist does to correct transverse flatfoot. The doctor can prescribe corrective gymnastics and physiotherapy. When pronounced flatfoot designate wear special insoles or orthopedic shoes. Serious deformities of the foot are prescribed surgical intervention.

The most unpleasant thing about this disease is that it can not be completely rid of. The longer you tighten the treatment of transverse flatfoot, the less likely it is to cure. Completely get rid of transverse flatfoot for an adult is almost impossible, but if he was diagnosed as a child, then there are chances.

Treatment of transverse flatfoot in children

According to statistics, 60% of children aged 6 -7 years have flat feet. If you diagnose the disease in time, you can cure it and forget about it forever if you wear the right footwear. In fact, in young children, it is difficult to treat a transverse flatfoot. Only at the age of 12-13 years, when the arch of the foot is not fully formed, but the whole organism is in the process of active growth, it is possible to influence the proper formation of the foot. At a more mature age, the chances of curing the transverse flatfoot greatly diminish. This means one thing that a child will wear orthopedic shoes and insoles. Very rarely there are cases with congenital flat feet. Then the treatment begins with the moment when they have been diagnosed. For the treatment of congenital transverse platypodia children are prescribed plaster bandages or langets. When flat feet, children do not practice surgical intervention.

During treatment, you need to attach a lot of attention as a child walks. One should try to put the feet in parallel and lean on the outer edge of the foot.

Treatment of transverse-longitudinal platypodia

The transverse longitudinal flatfoot is associated with weak foot muscles. There is a movement of the foot muscles, the front part of the foot deviates to the outside, and the heel bone - inside. With transverse-longitudinal flat feet, people often suffer from swelling and pain in the legs. This type of flat feet is most often seen in women who wear narrow shoes with excess weight. In this combination, the stop incorrectly distributes the load and deforms with time.

Treatment of transverse-longitudinal flat feet is first carried out by conservative methods. The treatment package includes hot foot baths with saline solution, which removes swelling. Also recommended baths with chamomile, they will help with pain in the foot and relieve inflammation. From the physiotherapy technique for the treatment of longitudinal-transverse flat feet, electrophoresis with herbal preparations, paraffin applications is very helpful. To support the foot in the correct position will help orthopedic insole. If walking is disturbed, then an operation is performed, otherwise the transverse-longitudinal flat foot will lead to limited movement. Operative intervention will help to get rid of pain and edema, to eliminate discomfort in the foot.

Treatment of transverse platypodia insole

Unfortunately, the first thing that promotes transverse flatfoot is shoes. Today, when we live in the modern world, walking barefoot is a luxury for us. Therefore, we suffer from flat feet and are forced to improve our shoes to make our feet comfortable. So for the treatment of transverse flatfoot orthopedic insoles and various arch supports were developed. Orthopedic insoles cope with their task in full.

They well cushion the foot, reduce the load on the feet. Before you buy your insoles, you need to consult an orthopedist. With the wrong choice of orthopedic insoles, you can damage the foot and exacerbate the flatfoot. For correct selection of the insole, you need to measure all changes in the foot. Ideally, orthopedic insoles should be worn not only for treatment, but also for the prevention of transverse flatfoot.

Surgical treatment of transverse platypodia

In modern clinics, surgical operations have been performed for many years to eliminate transverse flatfoot. Surgical intervention is prescribed in the case when conservative treatment does not yield any results, and the pain in the foot increases, the foot deforms further. Most often, the essence of the operation is, to change the angle between the bones of the foot and to correct the transverse arch. After surgical intervention, the foot restores correctly, pain and leakage disappear. An important fact is that after surgery the transverse flatfoot will no longer return.

Folk treatment of transverse platypodia

Folk treatment of transverse flatfoot implies physical exercises. No herbal tincture can cure flat feet, but it helps to reduce pain and flow. To relieve fatigue, chamomile and various coniferous plants will help. They should be added to salt baths. A good effect is observed when walking on tracing paper. You can also make a special rug with different pebbles, which have different shapes and sizes, and walk on them. A somewhat unusual, but effective method can be accounting accounts. Stop putting on the abacus and doing a massage. It is very useful to walk barefoot, even on level ground. This implies walking not on the asphalt, but on the grass. A good effect is the rocking of the bottle with his feet on the floor. If such exercises are done qualitatively and for a long time, the result will not be long in coming.

Treatment of transverse flatfoot 2 degrees

First you need to understand what a transverse flatfoot 2 degrees. In medicine, there are three degrees of flatfoot. The second degree is the level of the arch of the foot from 141 to 155 °, the height of the vault is 24-17 mm.

The second degree of transverse flatfoot is characterized by an angle increase of up to 15 degrees. The pain mainly comes from the middle metatarsal bone located under the heads. At the second degree, the corns become more and more, and continue to grow. The thumb twists and grows inside. At this stage, the pain becomes more significant with loads on the foot.

Treatment of transverse flat feet of the 2 nd degree consists in wearing orthopedic footwear and restricting interruption in an upright position. Massages, physiotherapeutic procedures and therapeutic gymnastics are very effective. Often, an orthopedic doctor recommends surgery. After surgery, the transverse flatfoot of the 2nd degree completely disappears and does not return.

Treatment of transverse flatfoot exercises

Treatment of transverse flatfoot with physical exercises( LFK) is to strengthen the ligament and the muscle of the foot. Therapeutic exercises should be performed every day for 15-20 minutes, and it is better to do several approaches. Treatment exercises are effective only with transverse flat feet. Such therapeutic exercise is the following process. Connect the straightened legs so that the knees and feet touch one. Try to unbend the left foot and start the front part under the right foot. Repeat for the other leg. Repeat this exercise for 10-15 minutes.

For the following exercises you need to sit down. Take a small ball and try to lift the inside of the foot. Lay out small items on the floor, these can be pencils, batteries, pens and try to collect these objects with your toes. Take a newspaper or paper and crumple your feet.

For the following exercises, you need to take standing positions. Be like on the outer foot while bending your fingers. Also, walk around the room on tiptoe.

Physical exercises are one of the components of successful treatment of transverse flatfoot.

Symptoms and treatment of transverse flatfoot

The human foot consists of many small bones, joints, ligaments and tendons connected together.

Incorrect wearing of shoes, excessive weight, a variety of injuries and many other reasons can disrupt the fragile balance of the system that the foot represents. Because of , abnormalities in the ligament, joint or bone arrangement, the anatomical arches of the foot begin to flatten.

Over time, flattening can progress, and may remain at a certain stage continuously. And in that, and in that case it gives an occasion to diagnose a flat foot.

Types of

The classifies several types of this disease:

  1. The transverse flatfoot , in which the foot "sprawls" in width, develops bone-cartilaginous growth. Instead of giving a load to the arch support, the foot is flattened and expands an additional support in the form of a joint, popularly known as a "bone".The risk group for this type of disease is women and men aged 35 to 55, especially those who are overweight.
  2. Longitudinal flat feet, , on the contrary, manifests itself in the extension of the foot in length and is most often observed at a young age - 16-25 years.
  3. Combined platypodia simultaneously observe both types of deformities, but all of them lead to a flattening of the arch of the foot. The combined variant of the disease is observed most often.

Usually a predisposition to flat feet is inherited, but there are also types of acquired flat feet, to which there was no inclination.

  • Static - formed due to standing work, hypodynamia, excess weight, increased loads on the foot, endocrine diseases.
  • Paralytic - arose after the paralysis of the limbs and the dysfunction of the muscles that restrain the arch of the foot.
  • Traumatic - physical changes due to trauma.
  • Ricky - acquired, developed due to a lack of vitamin D.

By the degree of development, the weak, initial, and progressing flat feet.

Consider transverse platypodia, one of the most common types of disease, closer.

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Why is the foot flattening?

There are several reasons for transverse flatfoot.

  1. Genetic predisposition. As already mentioned, most often flat feet manifests as a congenital disease. It arises from the inherent weakness of the muscles of the arched arch, which is also called the "aristocratic foot".If a person leads a healthy lifestyle, eats properly, receives moderate physical activity, wears good shoes, then this type of flatfoot does not progress and practically does not cause trouble.
  2. Disturbances in the muscular and ligamentous apparatus of the foot. In a healthy person, the phalanges of the toes should run parallel to each other. But, as a rule, the slightest and inconspicuous disruption in the development of muscles or ligaments leads to the formation of a fan-shaped arrangement of phalanges. Over time, the phalanges "creep" in the sides, and because of this, a transverse flatfoot arises.
  3. Overweight. The arch of the foot, as well as its muscular and ligamentous apparatus in general, is designed to work only with a certain weight. If it goes beyond the norm, the load on the foot increases, it flattenes.
  4. The same situation is observed in people with normal weight, but having an excess load on the foot due to the type of activity. So, the work of a lecturer, teacher, factory worker and many other professions are considered "standing", that is, a man spends most of his days on his feet. Excessive loads disrupt the balance of the foot, the acquired flat feet develop, which is considered an occupational disease.
  5. Traumas of the foot are one of the most common factors in the development of flat feet in men. Fractures of the foot bones, dislocations, stretching of the muscles and ligaments, violation of the integrity of the calcaneus bone lead to disruption of the foot apparatus and progressive flat feet.
  6. Walking on heels, wearing uncomfortable shoes with an unsuitable shoe and other violations of foot hygiene - almost one of the most common causes of the development of acquired flat feet. When walking on heels, for example, the entire weight of the body is transferred to the front of the foot. Instead of spreading evenly over the entire support, it presses and eventually deforms bones that are not ready for such loads. It is because of the heels, and also because of the transfer of the hereditary predisposition to flat feet along the female line, that the ratio of women and men suffering from this disease is eight to two, respectively.

Symptoms that indicate the development of the pathology

The development of flatfoot is easy to recognize. The most common symptoms that accompany transverse flat feet:

  • Constant pain and the emergence of a strong sense of fatigue in the feet, which is especially pronounced by the end of the day. Stop with deviation
  • Burning and cramps in the shin area of ​​, usually not associated with uncomfortable position, hypothermia and other external factors.
  • Deformation of the foot and change in the location of the phalanges of the fingers.
  • The appearance of a kind of cone at the base of the thumb( usually called a "bone").
  • With progressive flat feet - violation of posture, pain in knees and pelvic joints, discomfort in back.
  • With the development of the disease, deforms the entire front part of the foot .

How to diagnose a disease

You can diagnose platypodia when examined by an orthopedic physician or traumatologist, which will reveal the type of disorder and the degree of flatfoot progression.

Based on the results of the examination, the doctor can prescribe various methods of treatment.

In the picture, a foot check for longitudinal and transverse flatfoot

Treatment of

disease Treatment of transverse flatfoot in adults should be complex.

Conservative methods of include:

  • Reduces the load on the foot, up to its immobilization in especially severe cases.
  • Wearing individually selected orthopedic shoes .In difficult cases, this can be a special footwear, fixing not only the foot, but also the shin. Orthopedic insoles and helium inserts are used at the initial stage of flatfoot. All of them should be appointed by a doctor and selected individually.
  • Weight loss measures for , if it was determined to be redundant.
  • General strengthening exercises of for the treatment of transverse flat feet, included in the course of therapeutic physical training.
  • Medications( analgesics) are prescribed with progressive flat feet and the presence of arthrosis or bursitis.
  • Physiotherapy and massage , aimed at relieving pain, relaxing the muscles of the foot.
  • To relieve tension, prevent seizures, reduce pain, refreshing foot baths, cool compresses, mint and menthol ointments are also used.

Non-conservative, folk treatment of of transverse flatfoot is mainly aimed at alleviating the pain that occurs during the load of feet during flatfoot.

These include ice compresses, foot baths based on mint, lemon balm, thyme, marigold, chamomile, linden and lavender.

Folk remedies in the treatment of transverse flatfoot can not be an independent method of treating the disease. And they are used only for the relief of pain syndrome.

If conservative methods of treatment do not show a result, irreversible changes occur in the foot, the patient suffers severe pain, then surgery is prescribed. As a result of surgery, deformities of the forefoot are treated surgically. A number of modern techniques allow to do this without the subsequent application of gypsum - thus, the rehabilitation period is reduced.

Surgical treatment of transverse flatfoot has a significant disadvantage - the need for complete cessation of loads on the foot during preparation and rehabilitation, but at the same time the issue is solved crucially - the flat foot does not progress and no longer causes regular concern, as in the case of conservative treatment.

To never have problems with the flatfoot , you should pay attention to the convenience of shoes, do not wear high heels, maintain your weight in the norm. People of "standing" professions need to rest more often, change their positions during the performance of duties.

Like most other diseases, flatfoot is easier to prevent than cure.

Video: Transverse platypodia and bones on the legs

Symptoms and treatment of transverse platypodia - treatment methods, exercises LFK

Transverse flatfoot, its features

With this type of deformity and flattening, the arch of the forefoot is exposed. Pressure is redistributed and begins to act not only on the heel and marginal metatarsal bones.

The load falls on all metatarsal bones, which provokes their divergence in the form of a fan, deviation of the thumb from the correct position, bulging its metatarsal bone and changing the shape of the central fingers to the hammer-shaped one.

Women who are aged 35 years or more often suffer from transverse flatfoot.

Symptomatic of transverse flatfoot

  • Shoes wear mainly on the inside
  • Very rapid onset of fatigue in the legs
  • Formation of the transverse spreading of the foot
  • Deformation of the first toe, the appearance of the so-called.bones on the head of the metatarsal bone
  • Formation of the corpuscles
  • Central fingers deform and acquire a hammer-shaped
  • Painful sensations in the feet
  • Shin cramps, swelling of the legs
  • Back and knee pain that may appear in the advanced stages of the disease

The transverse flatfoot is divided into three degrees, depending on the angle by which the first finger deviates from its anatomically correct position.

At the first degree of disease the angle of deviation is not more than 20 degrees, at the second degree it reaches a value of 35 degrees, and at the third degree the bend of the thumb is already very significant.

In the last two stages, only surgical intervention is possible. Video pro Transverse platypodia and bones on the legs

Methods of treatment

Flattening is almost not treated, so the later treatment is initiated, the less likely that the disease will recede. Diagnosis consists of examining the orthopedist, gait analysis and radiography.

Treatment is, as operative, in severely neglected cases in the last two stages of the disease, and conservative. Non-surgical treatment is aimed at strengthening the musculoskeletal system, which helps to halt or slow the progression of flattening of arches, reduce the severity of pain and reduce the traumatic consequences of the disease.

With a slight deformation of the arches in the first stage of the disease, the basis of treatment is the wearing of orthopedic insoles and rollers. In advanced cases, custom-made orthopedic shoes are needed.

Also actively used to treat massage, physiotherapy, warm baths, relieving pain, and special sets of exercises.

If the disease is accompanied by arthrosis or bursitis of the joint of the metatarsus of the finger, prescribe anti-inflammatory drugs and analgesics.

Foot massage with flatfoot does not require obligatory visits to specialists, it can be performed independently by laying the massage mat on the floor.

And also make self-massage with simple massage movements - rubbing with your fist or fingers, stroking the back of your hand, squeezing. Hydromassage also has a good effect.

It normalizes blood circulation and muscle tone. It must be remembered that it is extremely harmful to walk barefoot on a hard floor, the cover must be thick and soft.

For relief of pain and muscle relaxation it is useful to make foot baths with sea salt, decoctions of medicinal herbs, for example, sage, lime, chamomile or essential oil of lavender.

Exercises for strengthening the muscles of the foot

Exercises with transverse flatfoot should be devolved at least 10 minutes daily, but when the complex is performed 2-3 times a day, the effectiveness of the treatment will increase. It should be borne in mind that with the transverse type of flatfoot effect of gymnastics is minimal and they will help only in the early stages. Nevertheless, they will be able to slow down or suspend the process, to serve as an excellent prevention.
  • Very slowly bend and then unbend your fingers. The duration of the exercise is not less than a minute.
  • Grasp your fingers several times with various small objects: pencils, designer parts, finger batteries. You can do this exercise in another way by replacing solid objects with a sponge.
  • Place a piece of cloth on the floor, for example, a diaper or a small towel, and then hesitate and then spread the fabric with your toes. Do this exercise several times.
  • Walk along the floor first on tiptoe, and then on the outside of the feet, bending your fingers.
  • Without cutting off the toe of the foot from the floor, reduce and dilute the heels.
  • Bend and unbend the foot with the maximum possible amplitude.
  • Squeeze the rubber ball.
  • Slip feet on the floor with your fingers back and forth.
  • Roll around with a round stick, rolling pin.
The consequences of flat feet can be very serious. This and arthrosis, coxarthrosis of joints, curvature of posture and other diseases of the spine, impaired coordination of movements, calcaneal spur, worsening of the vessels and the heart leading to hypoxia of limbs, varicose veins.

In order not to face long treatment, which does not always lead to success, it is necessary to prevent the disease from childhood, especially if there is a predisposition to flatfoot.

Preventive measures include moving games, long walking, wearing comfortable right shoes, walking barefoot on sand and pebbles.

Transverse and longitudinal flat feet - treatment, symptoms

Brief description of the disease

Flattening is a rather paradoxical disease. On the one hand, everyone has heard about it, but on the other - only a few people accurately represent how it manifests itself, what degrees of flatfoot exist and how dangerous this disease is. We tried to answer these and many other questions in our article.

As is known, in the normal, natural state of the human foot, there are two arches - longitudinal( along the inner edge) and transverse( between the fingers in the area of ​​their bases).These arches perform a very important function - maintain a balance when walking and protect the skeleton from excessive loads. In the absence of pathologies, the feet successfully cope with this task, acting in conjunction with strong ligaments and muscles. Flattening in children and adults is manifested in the case when the musculoskeletal apparatus is weakened. In this case, the foot settles, becomes flat( that is why the disease has its own name), loses the ability to perform the spring( damping) function. Depending on which arch undergoes pathological changes, the following are distinguished:

  • transverse flatfoot - spreading of the forefoot;
  • longitudinal flat feet - flattening of the longitudinal arch;
  • combined form - changes are made to both vaults.

With flat feet from shaking during walking and other loads, the body will protect the spine and joints, however, they do not cope with this task because they were originally intended for another. As a result, flat feet, the symptoms of which can occur at any age, leads to rapid removal of joints. This is the main danger of this disease, because the patient suffers not only from rapid fatigue, but also constant, severe pain during walking, pathological disorders of posture, arthrosis and other serious disorders.

Types of flatfoot

The flatfoot typology is based on the causes that lead to the development of the disease. Researchers identify:

  • congenital platypodia in children - is rare, is a consequence of vices that appeared during the formation and development of the fetus;
  • acquired flat feet - can occur at any age, is divided into traumatic, rachic, static and paralytic;
  • traumatic - this form is manifested after injuries, fractures of the foot bones, soft tissue damage;
  • Ricky flatfoot - treatment of this type of disease is required after the rickets suffered, which disrupts the natural formation of the foot bones;
  • static form - its appearance is associated with excess weight, too strong loads on the foot, for example, during sports, as well as some other factors;
  • paralytic platypodia - occurs after paralysis of the foot muscles, characteristic of poliomyelitis and a number of other orthopedic diseases.

Flat feet - symptoms and clinical picture

The main symptoms of the disease are easily identified without any special diagnostic procedures. With flatfoot:

  • the shoes get stuck both from the outside and from the inside;
  • quickly develops a feeling of fatigue when walking;
  • appears cramps and swelling of the legs;
  • have to buy shoes for one, and even two sizes larger( this is due to the fact that the foot increases in width).

I want to note that the above described symptoms are also characteristic for some other diseases, therefore, at the first unpleasant sensations, it is better for you to see a doctor who will examine the foot and, if necessary, direct you to an X-ray examination for an accurate diagnosis.

Degrees of flatfoot

The degree of severity of the disease depends on how strong the pathological changes have occurred with the foot and ligament apparatus.

At an early stage of the disease, doctors identify mild dysfunction of the feet, accompanied by fatigue by the end of the day. The shape of the foot does not change.

I degree of flatfoot - symptoms are more pronounced, with pressure on the foot there are light pains. By the evening the human foot often swells, but again returns its normal form after rest.

II degree - the foot is flattened, the vaults practically disappear, which leads to considerable difficulties in walking. Pain covers the entire leg, characterized by high intensity and duration.

III degree - in this case, flat feet in children and adults leads to pronounced deformities of the foot, severe pain during walking, decreased ability to work and a drop in the quality of life. Man can not move in ordinary shoes.

We also note that the degrees of flatfoot quite quickly replace each other due to the rapid progression of the disease. This means that the sooner you go to the doctor, the higher the chance to avoid serious complications - pain, clubfoot, disproportion of the lower limbs, diseases of the feet, joints and hip apparatus.

Flattening - treatment and prevention of the disease

Many people believe that treating flat feet is easy. In fact, in the late stages of pathology, it is very difficult to get rid of deformities of the foot, and sometimes it is completely impossible. In this case, flat feet in children and adults can only be slowed down, but not cured completely. That is why early diagnosis of the disease and timely treatment to a doctor are so important.

Both longitudinal and transverse platypodia are cured only through an integrated approach. To relieve the pain, physiotherapy and medications are used. Very effective therapeutic gymnastics, which can be done at home. It strengthens the ligament apparatus, trains muscles, forms a correct posture and a stereotype of walking. An effective set of exercises can only be prescribed by a doctor, since the flat feet manifests itself differently depending on the rate of development of the pathology, the patient's age and some other factors.

To improve blood circulation in the area of ​​feet, patients are prescribed foot baths and massage procedures. Extremely useful are special orthopedic insoles, which relieve painful areas, correct the initial deformities of the disease. The flat feet, whose symptoms are especially pronounced, are corrected with the help of orthopedic footwear, manufactured on an individual order.

Surgical intervention is relevant in cases when the disease leads to severe pain and the inability to move independently even in special shoes.

Is it possible to prevent the appearance and development of the pathology of the arches of the feet? Yes, you can! Prevention of flat feet is to choose the right, safe shoes, regular examinations of an orthopedic specialist and limiting loads on the foot.

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Classification of transversely longitudinal flatfoot

Separate congenital and acquired flatfoot. Fortunately, congenital, both transverse and longitudinal, is extremely rare, associated with rare malformations of the fetus, accompanies other types of malformations. Diagnostics of this condition is done by neonatologists, treatment begins with the first days of life in the hospital.

Further, throughout life, whether longitudinal, transverse flatfoot or their combination, it is necessary to use various orthopedic systems, insoles. Most often the child expects disability from an early age. On the question: is flatfoot inherited, the scientists have no clear answer yet.

Regarding the acquired transverse-longitudinal flat foot, it can appear at any age.

For aetiological reasons for the appearance of the disease, several types are distinguished:

  • Post-traumatic transverse longitudinal variant of flatfoot, in which the anatomy of the transverse and longitudinal vaults, the mechanics of the interaction of the foot structures with each other, change as a result of bone fracture or significant damage to the ligamentous apparatus and muscles. Rarely affects children due to the good regenerative capabilities of the body.
  • The static case of longitudinal-transverse flatfoot is most common in adulthood. Is the result of excessive loads for many years in conjunction with the irrational wearing of poor quality footwear. Most often it affects people who, on the basis of professional activity, spend more than 6 hours a day on their feet and do not use orthopedic insoles. And, if the work on the feet is associated with constant movement, the risks are significantly less than those of people who spend most of their time standing up.
  • Paralytic longitudinal-transverse flatfoot develops as a result of paralysis of the muscles of the legs. Causes of paralysis: neurological pathology( diseases of the peripheral nervous system), trophic disorders against the background of diseases of the veins of the lower extremities, poliomyelitis. Even in uncomplicated cases orthopedic systems, special insoles are required for permanent wearing.
  • In the metabolic longitudinal-transverse variant of flatfoot against the background of a long deficit in the intake of various food components or their assimilation, the formation of bones in childhood occurs incorrectly( for example, as a result of rickets, gastrointestinal diseases accompanied by impaired intestinal absorption in children).Such a leg is unable to cope with normal loads and is even more deformed over the years.

Clinical picture of transversely-flatfoot

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There is no specific clinic for mixed flat feet. The patient is disturbed by a number of sensations characteristic of longitudinal and transverse flatfoot, which occur in other conditions. If the health problem develops in childhood, then the child and do not hear any complaints at all. You can list:

  1. Aching feet pain with prolonged exercise.
  2. Fast fatigue of the legs, a feeling of heaviness in the legs, a desire to "stretch" the legs appears. In children, poor walking tolerance. For many years this will be the only complaint.
  3. By the evening swelling of the legs, with swelling never spreads above the ankle.
  4. Over time, patients with longitudinally transverse flatfoot have pain and a feeling of heaviness in the lumbar region.
  5. There is a problem with the selection of a comfortable pair of casual shoes. At the same time orthopedic species improve the situation. Often already at the stage of fitting a new pair of insole improve comfort.
  6. Shoes quickly and unevenly trample. In children, it is poorly expressed
  7. With longitudinal-transverse flat feet, painful calluses on toes appear. In this case, changing shoes does not improve the situation.
  8. The foot is gradually deformed - it lengthens and becomes wider, the size increases( it is typical for people over 40 years old).
  9. The gait changes, it becomes a little "sea" with widely spread legs bent in large joints. After all, to preserve stability, the knee and hip joints must assume damping functions lost in foot.

Degrees of flatfoot

Specialists distinguish 3 stages of development of transverse longitudinal flatfoot:

  1. At the first - the clinical picture is minimal. As a rule, patients with a weak degree of transverse, longitudinal or mixed flatness do not apply for medical care on their own, but structural changes have already begun. It is at the initial stages of treatment and rehabilitation activities give the maximum effect. The child should be shown to the orthopedist prophylactically annually, the adult person - 1 time in 2-3 years.
  2. The second degree of transverse longitudinal flat foot is accompanied by severe aching pain in the legs, minor changes in the gait. At this stage, the patient accuses poor-quality shoes of his unpleasant sensations and desperately experiments in search of "his pads," using orthopedic insoles himself for several years, but still does not go to the doctor.
  3. And only with progressive increase in complaints, attachment of a violation of posture, problems with the spine, the patient falls into the field of vision of an orthopedic physician with a 3 degree of transverse longitudinal flat foot. Often, specialists are sent to a specialist by neurologists, vascular surgeons, therapists, rheumatologists, to whom he treats with specific complaints.


In severe, neglected cases of longitudinal transverse flatfoot for a correct diagnosis, it is only necessary to examine an orthopedic specialist.

In the early stages, the following is additionally required:

  • Plantography or podoscopy( examination on a device that allows you to obtain distinct images on a flat surface of footprints to analyze their geometry).
  • Radiography of the feet in 2 projections with a load.

Treatment of

As for the treatment of longitudinal-transverse flat feet in a child, then everything is not straightforward. The doctor, having diagnosed, will help to choose suitable insteps, orthopedic insoles, will give recommendations on what shoes to wear daily, pick up a complex of daily gymnastics and recommend a specialist in curative physical training for term classes. Most likely, an orthopedic doctor will recommend a consultation with a physiotherapist, with whom you can draw up an individual rehabilitation plan. But the recommendations will have to be kept for many years.

And then, as they say, every man for himself. The more accurate and regular the person will be in gymnastics, follow the recommendations for correcting the orthopedic regimen, use orthopedic insoles every day, choose the right purchases in shoe stores, the more insistently and persistently he visits the gym and physiotherapy room, the sooner the positive result is achieved and less likelydisability.

So how do you protect yourself from the negative effects of transversely longitudinal flat feet?

  1. First of all, one should remember that any kind of flatfoot, whether transverse, longitudinal or a combination of transverse and longitudinal, can develop at any period of life.
  2. To provoke the development of transverse-longitudinal flatfoot may change the nature of the work, the peculiarities of nutrition, the wearing of unstable shoes of poor quality or the appearance of other diseases.
  3. Detection of transverse longitudinal flatfoot in the early stages of the child will lead to a complete restoration of the foot functions.
  4. For early diagnostics of both transverse and longitudinal species, it is necessary to visit an orthopedic specialist and undergo podoscopy.
  5. In childhood, a prophylactic examination should be annual, an adult should be treated once every 2-3 years.
  6. For the prevention of transverse longitudinal flat feet should be properly selected shoes, with a prolonged static load do warm-up about 1 time per hour.

Do not run the development of deformations. Take care of your health. After all, for today - this is the most expensive that a person has.

How I got rid of the stone on my legs for 3 weeks without surgery!

  • Forgot about bulging bones on legs
  • Bending of big toes and joints
  • Cured transverse platypodia
  • Has lost pain in bones on legs and their swelling
  • I avoided surgery and walking on doctors
  • I was able to wear my favorite shoes

My name is Oksana Fyodorova. In 2002, I received the title "Miss Universe", and after only a couple of years the bones on my legs deprived me of the opportunity to even put on shoes. As I then thought - the career is over. .. However, I managed to find a solution that turned out ridiculously simple and accessible to everyone who faced such a problem. As I did, you can read in my sensational interview to an online magazine that is on this link ( it is worthy of attention, believe me). Read the interview. ..

We recommend!

For the treatment and prevention of bones on the legs( Hallux Valgus) and transverse flatfoot, our readers successfully use the technique developed by leading German orthopedic doctors. Having carefully studied this method, we decided to offer it to your attention. Read more. ..



It turns out that the flat feet can be purchased at any age and even disability to get on it. You need to take care of yourself, it's sometimes not easy, but better than with illness.


I think that any exercises for the feet will be useful, only performed with accuracy, if the disease is already serious.



I have a flat foot since childhood, because my mother did not consider it necessary to buy the right shoes. Now, I have grown up, I am engaged in myself, therapeutic physical training. Do you think one hundred after the experience of pain, after so many tears, you can juggle? I have achievements. I'm sure that if a person does not accurately, then everything suits him. I am sincerely far from these people. Although, for them, pity for joy. I wish them better than love for themselves.

How to treat longitudinal-transverse flatfoot?

Galina Zhigunova

He can not cure anything, I am 37 years old, I have a congenital flatfoot of the 3rd degree, I go through my entire life suffering from pain in my feet.


Orthopedic insoles.+ it is not particularly cured


wearing special orthopedic insoles individually matched and gymnastics for the feet and lumbar spine

irina polovik

Age what? If the child, urgently run the basin on a rock-current village or the sea shore, and if the adult is nothing. ... By the way, when I was passing the medical board at school, we had a flat-footed exercise for the whole class. ..


Flat-footedness - treatment and prevention of the disease
Many people believe that treating flat feet is easy. In fact, in the late stages of pathology, it is very difficult to get rid of deformities of the foot, and sometimes it is completely impossible. In this case, flat feet in children and adults can only be slowed down, but not cured completely. That is why early diagnosis of the disease and timely treatment to a doctor are so important.
Both longitudinal and transverse platypodia are cured only by an integrated approach. To relieve the pain, physiotherapy and medications are used. Very effective therapeutic gymnastics, which can be done at home. It strengthens the ligament apparatus, trains muscles, forms a correct posture and a stereotype of walking. An effective set of exercises can only be prescribed by a doctor, since the flat feet manifests itself differently depending on the rate of development of the pathology, the patient's age and some other factors.
To improve blood circulation in the area of ​​feet, patients are prescribed foot baths and massage procedures. You can see the full list of hydromassage baths on Extremely useful are special orthopedic insoles, which relieve painful areas, correct the initial deformities of the disease. The flat feet, whose symptoms are especially pronounced, are corrected with the help of orthopedic footwear, manufactured on an individual order.
Surgical intervention is relevant in cases when the disease leads to severe pain and the inability to move independently even in special shoes.
Is it possible to prevent the appearance and development of the pathology of the arches of the feet? Yes, you can! Prevention of flat feet is to choose the right, safe shoes, regular examinations of an orthopedic specialist and limiting loads on the foot.

Spartak Moscow

is a very common term - flat feet, not everyone knows exactly what doctors mean when they make such a diagnosis. Particularly incomprehensible seems to be a combination: flat-foot longitudinal transverse. ..
What is the arch of the foot?
Human foot consists of a lot of bones, ligaments and muscles. They form on each foot 2 vaults - longitudinal and transverse. The arch of the foot is a small arch that acts as a shock absorber at each step.
In the figure you see a longitudinal flatfoot, that is, the longitudinal arch looks like it is spreading in the antero-posterior direction. With transverse flat feet, the arch under the bases of the fingers spreads out to the sides.
In the diagram it looks like this:
Causes of flatfoot
As they say, "we all come from childhood".In our case, it is meant that incorrectly selected shoes or a lack of exercise in childhood can lead to deformation of the foot.
And even in my youth, when the feet are still growing intensively, they can be crippled by uncomfortable shoes. Especially it concerns girls who like shoes with high heels.
No one says that you can not wear heels, but everything is all right in moderation and walking on stiletto heels all day is the right way to earn a flat foot.
But flat feet can still be hereditary, if parents have weakness of the ligament apparatus of the legs, then the child most likely will inherit this feature.
Flatwise longitudinally transversal
If flattening occurs in both arches on two legs, such a flatfoot is called longitudinally transverse. This diagnosis in young people does not cause any panic - think, is this a disease.
But mothers start to worry and do right, because at a later age a flat foot will give a lot of unpleasant sensations - pain, cramps, impossibility to wear high heels. ..
Treatment of flat feet
The earlier the treatment of flatfoot, the better. And even better - to begin to prevent flat feet from childhood. For this, there is absolutely no need for complex adaptations, just master medical gymnastics and perform it every evening.
Exercises are very simple, they can be done in front of the TV, at any convenient time! ..
1. Walk a few laps around the room on the toes of the
2. Walk on the heels of the
3. Walking on the outside of the foot
4. Walking on the inside of the foot
5. Place the roller or ordinary glass bottle under your feet and roll it first with one foot,then another, then with both feet together.
6. Sprinkle a few small objects on the floor and lift them with your feet - by the way, this can be turned into a fun game.
If you have a flat-foot longitudinal transverse, then the attending physician will necessarily write out special insoles that will support the arches of the foot.

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