Basic principles of the prevention of arthrosis
Worn joint is devoid of cartilaginous connective tissue, which leads to injury of bones
Arthrosis( osteoarthritis) is a chronic disease of joints of an exchange character. Today, this disease worries young people. Prevention of arthrosis is a necessary set of measures that will help protect yourself from this common joint disease.
Prevention and treatment of osteoarthritis should include a set of methods: physical education, non-traditional medicine, medicine, physiotherapy and proper nutrition.
Causes of the disease
The risk group is primarily people after 60 years. More than half of people in this age group have signs of osteoarthritis. The disease appears due to the development of rheumatoid arthritis. Often after 60 there is a whole complex of diseases that occur simultaneously, and arthrosis is a consequence of other diseases( varicose veins, rheumatism, etc.).
In some cases, arthrosis can be the result of a trauma or a great physical strain on the joint. Signs of osteoarthritis are often observed in people of certain professions: athletes, porters, ballet dancers, dancers.
The causes of osteoarthritis can be permanent colds or complications in other diseases( typhoid, syphilis, drug addiction).Often arthrosis is observed in people who abuse alcohol and smoking. All processes in the body are interrelated, and one disease can cause a number of others.
In a special group of risk of arthrosis, people include:
- with excess weight;
- with genetic predisposition;
- are elderly;
- with a specific occupation;
- with metabolic disorders in the body;
- with micronutrients deficiency;
- with injured joints;
Symptoms of arthritis and arthrosis
Pain is one of the main symptoms of arthrosis and arthritis. But the type of pain in these diseases is different. With osteoarthritis, pain may occur during movement and strong physical activity and not be very pronounced at the initial stage of the disease. Painful sensations can subside if a person takes a comfortable position. With arthritis, the pain does not disappear when the position changes. Rheumatoid arthritis is characterized by painful sensations at night.
Another symptom is the crunch. When rubbing the bones, the cartilage layer is erased, which causes a crunchy sound. With osteoarthritis, severe dry clicks are heard. The more the disease is launched, the more pronounced the crunch.
With arthrosis, the amplitude of motion of the affected joint can be reduced. Rheumatoid arthritis is characterized by stiffness in the mornings, lasting up to an hour or more, restriction of motor function and pain in the affected joints when trying to implement any movement. With arthrosis, the joint may change, but not swell, as with arthritis. Symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis, arthritis of the knee joint and arthritis of the fingers can be swelling, the formation of hard knots in the joint area and the temperature rise of the inflamed area.
Often inflammation of the joints with arthritis is accompanied by weakness, inflammation of the eyes, high fever, increased sweating.
Prevention of osteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis is a disease due to which the bone tissue grows at the edges of the joint. It is impossible to get rid of the disease, but active prophylaxis and treatment significantly slow the development of the disease. Primary prevention of the disease is carried out in childhood. It is necessary to teach the child to sit properly to avoid scoliosis. To strengthen the muscles, regular gymnastics are necessary. Make sure that the child has the right shoes, this will help avoid flatfoot and deform the arch of the foot.
People who are overweight need to observe the ratio of height and body weight. It is necessary to engage in physical education, not overloading the joints. Especially useful for osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthrosis is swimming. Common restorative procedures also contribute to the prevention of the disease: outdoor walks, contrast showers, rubbing, which improve blood circulation in the joints.
Special attention to the prevention of osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, arthritis of the fingers, arthrosis of the knee joint should be given to people who have a genetic predisposition to these diseases. Choosing a profession, you need to avoid the spheres associated with overload or injury to the joints. It can be heavy sports, as well as work related to the load on the joints of the fingers.
Secondary prevention of osteoarthritis is to prevent recurrence of the disease. It includes measures to facilitate the unloading of the joints.
Prevention of arthrosis of the knee
It is believed that physical stress wears the joints. In the case of knee arthrosis, such loads are a good solution to prevent the progression of the disease. The main thing is to choose the right set of exercises. For arthritis of the knee joint, it is recommended:
- special gymnastics for the joints.
Running for prevention is not recommended because it creates an additional strain on the spine and the affected knee. Prevention of arthritis of the fingers is reduced to the treatment of infectious diseases, strengthening the immune system, tempering the body. It is necessary to protect yourself from hypothermia, trauma, avoiding a heavy load on the joints of the fingers.
If due to regular catarrhal diseases, infections in humans, there is a high probability of getting arthritis, then you should exclude bad habits( smoking, alcohol) from life. Instead of coffee and black tea, go to herbal tea or green tea, review your diet: limit the intake of sweet and salty. And you need to normalize the body weight, if a person it is excessive. The menu for the prevention of arthritis should contain a minimum of fat.
To facilitate the course of the disease, you must adhere to the following rules:
- reduce the burden on the fingers;
- to exclude self-treatment;
- daily charge;
- Avoid heavy weights and sudden movements;
- follow the recommendations of a specialist;
- use special tools that facilitate movement;
- have a full sleep;
- restrict the intake of liquid and food.
Prevention of rheumatoid arthritis
Rheumatoid arthritis is a disease that often affects the joints of the fingers, knee, and feet. The etiology of the disease remains unexplained until now. No matter how effectively treated rheumatoid arthritis, completely get rid of it will not work. Therefore, it is necessary to take time to prevent this disease.
This ailment requires a special way of life. It is necessary to perform every day gymnastics, which consist of aerobics and exercises for general strengthening of the body. Charge helps to keep the weight in the norm and in some cases to reduce the pain that causes rheumatoid arthritis. The program of correct loads should be made by a doctor. Experts also advise a lot to walk, ride a bicycle, swim.
People suffering from severe regular pain are shown mud baths containing sulfur. After the procedure, joint movement improves, muscle spasms disappear, pain decreases. Particular attention in the prevention of rheumatoid arthritis should be turned to nutrition. Harmful food can provoke an inflammatory process. Although the diet will not help get rid of the disease, it will help reduce pain, subsidence of other symptoms. It is worth completely abandoning foods containing sugar and saturated fats( baking, snacks, coffee, alcohol).
Sharply limit the use of white bread and pasta. In the menu, you must include products containing omega-3 acids( fish, flaxseed and pumpkin seeds, rapeseed oil), as well as vegetables and cereals. Drink up to 2 liters of clean water a day. Omega-3 acids reduce the harmful effects of drugs prescribed for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis.
To cure the disease, you must strictly follow the advice of a specialist, do not miss the intake of prescribed medications, do not neglect physical exertion and maintain a healthy diet. Such a preventive complex will quickly become a habit, and the ailment will not manifest itself for a long time.
Osteoarthritis of the knee joint: treatment and preventionOsteoarthritis of the knee joint( gonarthrosis) is a disease that over time causes irreversible changes in the cartilage, leading to its gradual destruction due to circulatory disorders and the occurrence of degenerative processes in the joint. Timely medical treatment, physiotherapy, massage and gymnastics can slow the development of gonarthrosis.
How the knee joint works and its function
To understand how and what to treat gonarthrosis, it is necessary to remember a little the basic features of knee functioning. This joint is formed by articular surfaces of the femoral and tibia, which are covered with hyaline cartilage. To ensure the congruence of the surfaces in the joint, the medial and lateral menisci are provided. In addition, the knee is strengthened by ligaments( some of them pass into the joint cavity) and the periarthric bag.
Inside the knee is a synovial fluid that provides lubrication of the joint, feeding the cartilage surface and preventing friction of the joint surfaces from each other. The peculiarities of the structure of the joint are such that only 2 kinds of movements are performed in it: extension and bending of the knee, and also, if the leg is bent in the knee, rotation around the axis. The knee joint is one of the largest joints of the body, and it is on it that the main load is when the person is standing. It increases significantly when lifting weights, excessive body weight, jumping and running.
Causes of arthrosis
There is a primary and secondary gonarthrosis. The primary form of this disease develops due to anomalies of the femoral or tibia, ligaments or surfaces of the joint. In this case, the knee experiences strong overloads, which provoke the destruction of the cartilage.
Secondary form is caused by injuries and knee diseases. Its main causes:
- injuries of the knee are of a traumatic nature - ruptures of ligaments, sprains, fractures of bones, etc.;
- removal of the meniscus - the wear of the hyaline cartilage increases;
- excessive load on the joint of athletes and people engaged in certain types of professional activities or having excess weight.
- inflammatory diseases of the knee joint - arthritis. Long-term arthritis also leads to a disruption of cartilage nutrition and may eventually be complicated by arthrosis;
- metabolic diseases that lead to the deposition of salt in the joint;
- diseases of the nervous system or blood vessels, which can result in impaired innervation and nourishment of the knee joint.
Depending on the cause, arthrosis can develop on one or both knees. One-sided process most often occurs due to injuries, operations, and bilateral - with excessive body weight.
What happens in the joint with gonarthrosis?
Violation of the blood circulation of the joint due to spasm of blood vessels or other causes leads to a violation of microcirculation and hypoxia of the cartilaginous tissue, which is accompanied by the gradual death of cartilage elements and its destruction. If the degenerative process affects the synovial membrane, then it begins to produce only a small amount of intra-articular fluid, there is "dryness of the knee".The particles of the destroyed cartilage in the joint cause reactive inflammation of other cartilage elements and promote the release of liposomal enzymes, which further dissolve and destroy the intraarticular surfaces.
Symptoms of gonarthrosis
- The initial stage. From time to time a person is worried about knee pain, especially if you need to climb or go down the stairs, get up after sleeping off the bed. It has been observed for several years.
- The second stage. Pain sensations and crunching occur when any movement is made. On the roentgenogram, signs of beginning degeneration of articular surfaces are revealed. The volume of movements in the joint is somewhat reduced.
- Third stage. The pain does not pass even at rest, the joints can no longer bend or unbend until the end, resulting in a change in the gait: it becomes "in the garbage".O- or X-shaped deformation of the knee joints is observed.
Which doctor treats gonarthrosis?
This depends on the stage of the disease and the intensity of the pain syndrome. For example, a patient can be referred to an orthopedic traumatologist, a rheumatologist, and in more mild cases of arthrosis - even to a therapist or family doctor. In any situation, the treatment of arthrosis of the knee joint at all stages of the disease should be complex and selected individually.
How to treat arthrosis of the knee?
The exact amount of treatment depends on the stage and severity of gonarthrosis. In any case, its goal is to achieve a stable and long-lasting remission, and in the early stages and completely cure it, eliminating the effects of the causes that caused it( for example, normalizing body weight).
The main goals of treating knee arthrosis:
- eliminate pain;
- provide cartilage nutrients by slowing or completely stopping its destruction;
- increase the amount of movement in the joint.
In order to reduce a painful attack, to eliminate reactive inflammation and relieve exacerbation, hormonal and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs( injections, tablets, ointments) - diclofenac, indometacin, ibuprofen or NSAIDs of the new generation( movalis, xsefokam) are used.
Chondroprotectors( chondrotic, dona, mucosate) help normalize cartilage nutrition and prevent its further destruction. However, they do not relieve the pain, so patients are not always sure that they help. In fact, these drugs are included in the basic therapy of joint diseases, because they create a fertile soil for the restoration of cartilage and its protection against new injuries. In addition, substitutes for intra-articular fluid and stabilizers for lysosomal membranes are used. If necessary, blockade of the joint can be performed. To improve blood circulation with arthrosis, tablets are prescribed or injections of no-shpy and other antispasmodics.
Physiotherapy and therapeutic gymnastics
On the effectiveness of physical therapy and exercise therapy without exacerbation - this is the best medicine for arthrosis. Physiotherapeutic procedures usually use:
- laser therapy;
- electrophoresis of medicinal solutions;
- impulsive currents;
- paraffin and mud treatment.
At home, it can be warming compresses, knee self-massage or contrasting baths, which also improve blood circulation. LFK provides for the performance of exercises that are performed with a minimum load on the joint. For example, swimming, aqua aerobics, an exercise bike, and also isometric exercises, performed mainly in a lying or sitting position.
X-ray therapy and surgical treatment
X-ray therapy is prescribed for advanced cases of gonarthrosis, severe pain syndrome and ineffectiveness of other treatment methods. If the joint is completely destroyed and can not perform its functions, replace it with an endoprosthesis.
In order to prevent exacerbation and further destruction of cartilage, the following is needed:
- diet, which helps to normalize body weight and contains all the microelements, vitamins and nutrients necessary for cartilage;
- physical activity. When gonarthrosis can not overload the knee, so running, jumping, long standing on your knees should be replaced by an exercise bike or riding a bicycle, swimming or aqua aerobics. You should also perform a set of exercise exercises on a daily basis, which the doctor will recommend;
- comfortable shoes. In this case, the studs or simply high unstable heels will also contribute to the progression of gonarthrosis, therefore it is desirable to refuse this type of footwear.
As for running, this is not always an ideal solution, if only because running gives a load on the spine, and swimming, for example, on the contrary relaxes it.
Gymnastic gymnastics in the morning
Charge for arthrosis of the knee joint is an excellent solution, which consists of a set of exercises:
- Position sitting, pressing the heels to the floor, every 2-4 seconds, pull the socks to yourself, without lifting the heels off the floor. In doing so, do an easy kneading massage of the knees. It is recommended to perform more than two minutes.
- In the same position, smoothly and slowly rotate the socks into the inside, then evenly and smoothly turn the socks out as far as you can.
- In the same position, slowly and very gently bend the knee clinging to your foot as much as possible by lifting the heel off the floor, then back to the position, and the same with the other leg.
Complete all the exercises for at least a minute.
We list the main causes of arthrosis of the knee:
- Injuries Injuries occupy a leading place in the causes of arthrosis of the knee, according to statistics up to 30%.Joint dislocation often becomes the reason that it does not return to its former form, because of this deformation of full-fledged work from the joint to achieve is not obtained. The result is rather sad, due to incomplete activity - blood circulation worsens, stagnation occurs. Pinches, ruptures of meniscuses lead up to the fact that the knee refuses to work it is not possible not to bend it unbend. It is possible to bring the problem to an operation to remove meniscuses, which in turn increases the risk of arthrosis of the knee joint to 90%.
Meniscus is a cartilaginous gasket, performs in turn a shock absorber in the joint, and also stabilizes the knee joint.
- Overweight According to statistics, overweight is guilty up to 10% of cases. Being overweight is harmful and not only because it increases the likelihood of having arthrosis but also causes other diseases including cardiovascular diseases. Excess weight is rarely the main cause of arthrosis, the fact is that such people are more prone to meniscus lesions. Even greater danger is confirmed by those who have excess weight concentrated in the abdomen. In this case, the correct weight distribution is not due to which the load on the knee joint is not correct.
- Inflammation of the joints Arthritis disease involves inflammation of the joints in about 6% of cases, this can lead to arthrosis.
- Excessive workloads In youth this happens rarely. But after 40-50 years, the phenomenon is quite rare up to 6% of cases.
It is believed that squats are the most harmful exercises for knee joints, squats can lead to the disease of even a very healthy person, they often provoke meniscus damage.
- Congenital pathology Approximately 4% of cases are congenital if one can so call looseness of the joints, ligaments or in other words, the weakness of the ligamentous apparatus.
Signs and symptoms
Basic signs and symptoms of knee arthrosis:
- decreased joint mobility, due to painful sensations
- knee crunch when walking
- inflammation, edema
- severe pain in knee - degree of acute pain depends on stage of arthrosis
3rd stage of disease
Whenthe first stage, the patient usually does not notice any changes. Usually expressed by stiffness in the mornings and painful sensations with a long load on the knees. In the second stage the disease becomes pronounced, the cartilaginous plate can not fully serve as a shock absorber, as a result, the bone is susceptible to deformation. The third stage is running. The pain does not stop even in peace. Due to the fact that the leg is almost not bent, the ability to move normally is lost. The cartilage plate at this stage is usually destroyed completely, also improper blood circulation, as a result of all this, muscle atrophy develops.
In the menu for arthrosis of the knee joint should be present:
- First of all protein( except lamb, pork, beef) - poultry, fish, eggs( it is better to alternate all this).
- Squash, pumpkin, carrot, cauliflower - stewed or baked.
- Sour-milk products
- From vegetables - avocado, green parsley
- Almonds, pine nuts
For arthrosis it is recommended to drink a lot of liquid.
In addition to the fact that it is recommended to eat, it is worth to know that it is better to take food every 3 hours in small portions. If you are used to eating 1-2 times a day is bad, thereby slowing down the metabolism. When eating, do not rush, and even pull food on the contrary. It is strongly recommended to give up alcohol. Be healthy!
Osteoarthritis. Degree of arthrosis. Treatment and prevention.
Osteoarthritis is a disease of the bones in which the cartilaginous layer in the joint or between the vertebrae gradually deteriorates, which disrupts the mobility of the joint. The disease begins with damage to the articular cartilage, then it breaks down until it disappears completely.
Arthrosis of the joints has different classification, the most common osteoarthrosis or deforming arthrosis primary .To its development leads to premature aging, articular cartilage wear associated with a violation of its metabolism. The causes of arthrosis are still not accurately determined. Post-traumatic arthrosis. It is believed that professional arthrosis occurs as a result of permanent microtrauma, the wear of the joint under the influence of large loads, for example, in athletes. Doctors and the role of the hereditary factor, as well as endocrine disorders and circulatory disorders, do not exclude medicine.
The cartilage, which is destroyed, serves as a shock absorber, therefore, after its disappearance, compaction and deformation of the joint surfaces begins. The joint is deformed, its normal functioning becomes impossible.
Osteoarthrosis is most affected by women aged 40 to 60 years. The most common arthrosis of the extremities is ( osteoarthrosis), which affects first of all the hip and knee joints, as well as interphalangeal joints of the hands.
Symptoms of arthrosis
External signs of arthrosis appear gradually increasing by the evening pains, external deformation of joints, swelling in the joint area. Sometimes, as a result of infringement of a piece of cartilage between articular surfaces, acute pain may occur. Pain in arthrosis is the main symptom of all types of arthrosis.
The most severe form of arthrosis is coxarthrosis - arthrosis of the hip joint .It causes severe pain when walking, restricting movements, shortening the limb due to subluxation of the femoral head. In especially severe cases, coxarthrosis is treated with complete prosthesis of the affected joint. Total degrees of arthrosis of the hip joint 5, starting from the 0th( no arthrosis) to the 5th( pronounced osteoarthritis).Determine the severity of arthrosis from the result of X-ray examination.
Other forms of arthrosis are less dangerous, their prognosis is usually favorable, the work capacity is preserved. In Eastern Siberia and the Trans-Baikal region, this form of arthrosis is common, like arthrosis deforming endemic. Scientists associate its occurrence with infection with the fungus of cereals and lack of calcium in water and soil. Endemic arthrosis children under 16 years of age. The disease is steadily progressing. As a treatment, physiotherapy is used, drugs with a high content of calcium and phosphorus are taken.
Reasons for the appearance of arthrosis
As with many other diseases, there are a lot of causes of arthrosis. Despite the fact that arthrosis is considered an age-related disease, it also occurs in young people. Call arthrosis may:
- injury to the joints( such arthrosis is called post-traumatic);
- hereditary factor;
- prolonged static load on the joint;
- , as already mentioned, the age-related changes in the structure of the articular cartilage;
- is overweight, which at times increases the load on the joints, especially the joints of the lower limbs.
- metabolic disorders( diabetes mellitus, disease of endocrine glands), which leads to malfunctions in the synthesis of cartilaginous tissue;
- flat feet - shifts the center of gravity and increases the load on the joints;
- problems with the vessels of the lower limbs, which complicate the feeding of the cartilaginous tissue.
It is possible that over the years some other causes of arthrosis will appear. But at the moment, if you fall into the "risk group", be sure to do the prevention of arthrosis!
Degrees of arthrosis
There are three stages of arthrosis in medical practice. Patients with this disease are very common. To determine at what stage of development is the arthrosis is fairly easy, the main thing to know the symptoms. So, the first stage consists in metabolic disorders, the second one is associated with traumas, as well as with infectious non-specific arthrosis, and the last, the third stage is the most dangerous, it is caused by disorders in the joints of a person. The treatment and detection of each degree of arthrosis are described in detail below.
Osteoarthritis of 1st degree
At this stage the joints move, however, not fully, but only in the direction in one direction. It is rather difficult to see the seriousness of the disease with the help of an X-ray, since it is not able to detect any abnormalities at the initial level of the disease.
Symptoms of arthrosis of 1 degree .Identify the disease is very simple, on the uneven surface of the place where the joints are located, and according to their solidified state. At the first stage there are no edematous conditions on the joints, the temperature does not appear, the skin, on the joints does not change color. What can be disturbing is the barely audible cracking of the joints, as well as aching pain, and a slight tingling in them. Many simply ignore their illness, but not because they do not care about their own health, but because the signs of the first stage are completely unsettling.
Treatment of arthrosis 1 degree .To further not develop the disease will help the lotions based on horseradish, also perfectly helps the rubbing of various ointments, which include propolis, wax, horseradish. With arthrosis is strictly prohibited the use of any alcoholic beverages, it is recommended to do regular exercises, to balance nutrition.
Osteoarthritis of 2nd degree
Many patients forget about their health due to their employment, and they reach the second degree of arthrosis, and then they turn to the doctors for help. The second degree is able to recognize not only the doctor, but also the patient himself, because joint disorders are obvious. However, arthrosis of this degree does not strike at once, but warns of its onset from afar.
Symptoms of arthrosis of the 2nd degree .There is a slight fatigue, there is a feeling of pressure on the joints, especially after any stress on the legs. Knee arthrosis is revealed in very painful sensations, even with the slightest movement. Such painful sensations are accompanied by a knee crunch, and it is becoming more difficult to bend or unbend the leg each time.
The risk of arthrosis of the second degree is a partial deformation of the knee joints. And if you do not start treatment at the time, the disease will not recede, but on the contrary, it will gain momentum.
Treatment of arthrosis of 2nd degree .Unfortunately, to treat arthrosis of the second degree is much heavier than arthrosis of the first degree, because traditional medicine in the second case is powerless. Only modern medicine can help here, and physicians will necessarily prescribe chondroprotectors, as well as drugs that dilate blood vessels.
Arthrosis of 3rd degree
The most palpable and painful degree of arthrosis is the third.
Symptoms of arthrosis of the 3rd degree .In the joints gives a sharp pain, and even when the person is in complete peace, that is, the joints are not tense. Not only that the weather conditions directly affect the sensitivity in patients with joints, so also the joints themselves stop working, which leads to total leg incapacity.
Treatment of arthrosis of the 3rd degree .With arthrosis of the third degree, the patient is prescribed a complex treatment. That is, a patient, not only takes all sorts of medicines, but also goes to various procedures, such as: electrophoresis, diadynamic therapy, magnetotherapy, laser therapy, microwave resonance therapy, and electrosleep.
Deforming arthrosis of the joints of the hands
A chronic disease of the joints of the hands, in which degenerative-dystrophic changes are combined with hyperplastic ones. The disease, extremely widespread, deforming arthrosis is caused by numerous causes, among which, along with trauma, metabolic and endocrine disorders, infection and, what is very important, age changes play a big role. Thus, deforming arthrosis is undoubtedly a polyethological disease, and the summation of microtrauma, usually associated with occupational activity, can be only one of the causes of this disease.
During the deforming arthrosis, 3 phases are marked, each of which is characterized by anatomical features and clinical manifestations. In the 1st phase, aching and gnawing pains in the joint are noted, sometimes worse at night, and movements in the joint are not limited, or some of them are slightly limited and painful. In the second phase, an increasing number of different movements are limited, the pains in the joint become more and more persistent and strong, often accompanied by a sonorous and coarse crunch. In this phase, it is possible to detect a moderate atrophy of the muscles of the corresponding segment of the limb. At the same time, the joint itself is slightly enlarged in volume, which is clearly visible if the process develops in the wrist, metacarpophalangeal, or interphalangeal joints of the hands. In the III phase, the deformation of the joint increases, the movements in it are further restricted, and only the preservation of swinging( pendular) movements indicates the absence of ankylosis. The patient often fixes the joint in a forced position, and it takes a lot of effort to passively conduct a series of movements. The destruction of cartilage in this phase reaches its maximum, the bony marginal growths that deform the articular surfaces of small and large joints are very large. Some areas of bone growths undergo a fracture. Usual are not only muscle malnutrition, but also trophic bone disorders in the form of osteoporosis.
Rheumatoid arthritis manifests itself as a sharp pain in the joints of the hands and feet. As a rule - symmetric. Painful sensations with reactive arthritis of infectious origin are often asymmetric: no joints are aching, but one. The pain moves from foot to foot. Especially vigilant in this case should be those who have already had cases of reactive arthritis in the family. For safety, you can pass a special analysis for the presence in your blood of the ill-fated antigen HLA.B27, and therefore - a predisposition to this kind of rheumatological diseases. To confirm the diagnosis will help and X-ray: with reactive arthritis and with Bekhterev's disease - pelvis, with arthrosis - knees and brushes, with rheumatoid arthritis - brushes and feet.
Treatment of arthrosis of joints
Many are looking for information whether it is possible to cure and how to cure arthrosis. So cure arthrosis to the end is impossible! There is no cure for arthrosis! It is possible only to suspend the course of the disease, to prevent the joint cartilage from collapsing. The main goal of arthrosis therapy is to prevent the progression of cartilage degeneration and the maximum possible preservation of joint function. Treatment of arthrosis should be only complex, that is, to combine several types. To establish the diagnosis, the doctor will send you to X-ray, and only having a picture on hand, he will be able to establish the degree of arthrosis and prescribe treatment. It is also necessary to identify the cause that caused the appearance of arthrosis, if possible, eliminate it and immediately begin treatment. Methods of treatment of joint arthrosis:
- Anesthetize. Most often, the doctor is treated at the stage of the appearance of pain in the joints. Therefore, usually prescribed painkillers - analgesics.
- Relieve inflammation. If there is inflammation, swelling of the joint, it must be eliminated. Anti-inflammatory drugs are prescribed.
- Restore cartilage tissue. This is the most important task of the entire treatment. Even if it can not be restored, it is simply necessary to suspend degenerate processes. To do this, medicines containing chondroprotectors are prescribed. It is not worth waiting for an instant result. Nevertheless, if you take the medication at an individually selected course for several months, the result will be obvious.
In the event that joint damage occurs without severe symptoms, the patient may be prescribed ointments for arthrosis with a warming effect, the main purpose of which is to improve local circulation in the affected area.
As examples of such ointments, you can bring Menovazine and Nikoflex - cream, which usually do not provoke the occurrence of allergic reactions and manifestations of side effects. Patients only note a pleasant sensation of warmth and even comfort, which in no way interferes with them.
Prevention of arthrosis
Prevention of arthrosis, as with any other disease, can be primary and secondary. Primary prophylaxis of arthrosis is aimed at controlling weight( fighting obesity), preventing injuries( excluding traumatic sports, choosing a profession that does not burden the knee joints).The risk of arthrosis can significantly reduce the wearing of adequate shoes, as well as regular exercises that strengthen the muscles and support the volume of movement in the joints.
If the disease has already occurred, treatment of it will not have a sufficient and lasting effect if the patient does not change the way of life to a healthier and more rational one. In this case, it is a question of secondary prevention of exacerbations and relapses of arthrosis. Secondary prevention of arthrosis also includes proper nutrition, maintaining optimal body weight and fitness. Not recommended: red meat, foods with high content of animal fat. It is advisable to replace these products with white poultry meat and fish, especially marine( salmon, tuna, sardines).Eat plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables. In addition, you can take capsules with fish oil. You should drink at least 6-8 glasses of water, this is more than is usually necessary to quench your thirst, so this should become a habit.
There are vitamins and minerals that are especially useful for bones and joints, you should be sure that you get them in sufficient quantity. Antioxidants are essential vitamins A, C and E. These vitamins are known enemies of free radicals, which destroy cartilage in the inflamed joint. Boron, calcium, copper, magnesium and zinc - these minerals are necessary to provide healthy joints, either alone or in combination with each other or with vitamins. Calcium, for example, is digested only in the presence of a sufficient amount of vitamin D.
Finally, glucosamine sulfate and chondroitin sulfate are not only used as pharmacotherapy, but also contribute to maintaining the elasticity of the cartilage in a healthy joint, preventive administration of these drugs may be appropriate in those cases,when the cartilage is not yet damaged.