Sore legs from knee to foot
Very often, women suffer from leg to knee to foot pain. In most cases, no one pays any special attention to this, writing off unpleasant feelings for fatigue or long walking on his heels. But sometimes it can be a symptom of serious illnesses. Why do legs hurt from the knee to the foot, and what to do to prevent the development of the disease?Thrombosis of the vessels of the legs from the knee to the foot
Very often the reason that a woman's feet aches and knees from knee to foot is a vascular thrombosis. This disease can occur with blockage of arteries or a wreath. With venous thrombosis, symptoms develop within just a few days. First the leg only hurts from the outer or inner side of the shin and there is a heaviness in the evening. A few days later there is swelling and there is a strong redness. In the affected area, even the temperature may rise. Through time, the leg acquires a cyanotic shade, and the patient, because of severe pain, can not even step on it. If at this stage do not provide timely medical care, then tissue necrosis will begin, and soon gangrene.
Arterial thrombosis always develops very transiently. First, the bones of the legs hurt from the knee to the foot, and in just a few hours the limb begins to grow colder and dull, and its color turns white. The patient needs medical assistance for 2-4 hours, since during this time with arterial thrombosis the leg completely dies due to necrosis.Deficiency of minerals
Sore legs from knee to foot( in front or behind) and with a lack of any substances in the body. Often such a phenomenon is observed with calcium deficiency. In addition to pain, a person also encounters severe cramps in calves. Usually a person does a limb massage and the condition is normalized. But in order to eliminate the cause of pain, it is necessary to pass tests, to reveal what trace element is missing and to fill its deficiency.Polyneuropathy with leg fatigue
If you have a leg injury between the knee and the foot, it can be polyneuropathy. This disease is the result of the effects on the human body of diabetes. Basically, this is typical for type II disease. In addition to pain, there are symptoms such as:
- numbness of the legs;
- sensation of burning or tingling;
- cold limb syndrome.
To cure this disease, first of all it is necessary to eliminate diabetes mellitus. It is possible to supplement the modern treatment of polyneuropathy qualitatively with folk remedies. Relieve pain in the legs and greatly improve the metabolic processes in the nerve fibers will help infusion of milk thistle and St. John's wort.Other common causes of pain in the legs
Pain sensations between the knee and the foot often occur when:
- muscle tone;
- spasm, which is caused by a prolonged strain on the legs;
- leg injuries( stretching or tearing muscles);
- of varicose leg disease;
- diseases of a rheumatic nature;
- tumors of bones, muscles, or tissues;
- long-term use of certain medicines.
If you have aching feet from the knee to the foot, treatment should begin with the fight against a disease or pathological condition, which became the root cause of such disorders in the body. The patient should be limited to sports and various physical activities. In some cases, it will not be superfluous to take an anti-inflammatory and anesthetic drug.
For women who do not have any disease, but constantly hurt their feet from the knee to the foot, an anesthetic ointment can help. With its help, you can reduce stiffness of the muscles and restore mobility in the joints. It is best to use:
- Ibuprofen Ointment;
- Voltaren Emulgel;
- Ointment Nurofen;
- Indomethacin Ointment.
Foot pain from knee to foot: causes and treatment
Thrombosis of the vessels of the legs below the knee
Such pathologies develop in a short time, they flow sharply and are accompanied by pronounced external signs. The disease can be with a blockage of veins or arteries. The states are different in many ways.
With venous thrombosis, symptoms develop gradually over several days. They show up with heaviness in the legs and with a bursting pain. Its localization can be both from the outside, and the inner region of the shin. The leg begins to swell, redness occurs. In the place of pathology, the temperature in the leg rises, it becomes hot to the touch. After a while, redness is replaced by a cyanotic shade. Painful sensations in the patient are strong, it is impossible for him to step on the affected leg. After three or four days, necrosis of the tissues and gangrene of the foot begins. Therefore, timely medical assistance is needed to avoid being left without a lower limb.
Arterial thrombosis develops transiently. For a couple of hours the foot begins to grow dull and cold. Because of the lack of blood supply to the tissues, the color of the shin becomes white. There may also be a sudden acute pain below the knee to the foot.
In the absence of first aid from doctors, for two to four hours, the leg dies due to tissue necrosis.to contents ↑
Deficiency of minerals( trace elements)
If there is a shortage of any substances in the body, painful sensations in the lower limbs may develop. The reasons for this are different. Perhaps the bones lack calcium. Symptoms can be cramps in the muscles of the calves, which occur at night. Because of this, a person wakes up, the pain prevents him from sleeping. The attack can last several minutes, then go by yourself. Usually a person starts to massage a diseased site in order to ease his condition.to table of contents ↑
This disease can be a consequence of the effect on the body of diabetes, which affects not only all organs( tissues, bones), but also nerve endings. Sometimes diabetes is diagnosed because of pain in the legs below the knees. This is typical of the second type of disease. Thus such signs are shown:
- burning pain in the legs;
- numbness of the legs and cold limb syndrome;
- pain is permanent and does not depend on physical activity and exercise.
This disease disrupts the main blood flow to the lower leg due to the narrowing of the lumen of the vessels. The causes of this are atherosclerotic plaques. Because of this, the patient has pain below the knee to the foot with intermittent claudication. Usually it is typical for long walking for long distances. After rest, the pain syndrome passes. If you do not take measures and the disease will progress, the pain will intensify and appear even at rest. Trophic changes occur on the legs( ulcers occur).The skin begins to peel off, it becomes very dry. Also, the nails on the legs are involved in the pathology process. This disease can also lead to the death of the limb due to tissue necrosis and gangrene
If the leg is painful under the knee, then immediately consult a doctor. The specialist will appoint the necessary examination and prescribe the treatment.
Sore feet below the knees - what's the reason?
Most likely, many of us had to complain to relatives and friends that their legs hurt below the knees. When a person is at work all day, and when he comes home, he takes off his shoes and feels that his feet just ache, hum and fall off. As a rule, discomfort in the legs occurs after a busy day as a result of excessive physical strain, in general, due to fatigue. After all, from which side you look, and almost all the weight falls on your feet, and in case of excess weight, this load increases several times, which entails an increase in leg pains below the knees.
The fact is, if before the knee pains in the legs were mostly worried about elderly people, nowadays people of quite a young age feel this discomfort more and more often. Today leg soreness is a common symptom, so many people are interested in the causes of pain in the legs below the knees. First of all, it should be noted that every day the muscles, tendons and bones of the legs of a person are under tremendous strain. This is why the appearance of edema of the lower extremities, especially in the field of ankle joints, soreness and even reaction to changes in weather conditions is observed over time.
Why do the legs hurt below the knees?
Classification of causes of leg soreness:
- Traumatic: bone damage, cracks, stratification, thinning, stretching or rupture of tendons, displacement of the kneecap or meniscus.
- Inflammatory processes: muscles, ligaments, synovial bags.
- Diseases: cyst, atherosclerosis, neuralgia, sciatica, platypodia, and other diseases.
In fact, the causes of leg pain below the knees are varied. After all, not only fatigue can cause soreness. There are many diseases in which this symptom is manifested. For example, pain can occur as a result of inflammatory diseases, infectious processes, gastrointestinal tract diseases, psoriasis or rheumatoid arthritis. Also a very common cause of leg pain below the knees is the deposition of salts in the joint cavity of the lower extremities( osteoarthrosis).In such cases, there is a local occurrence of a pain symptom in the area of a particular joint.
The leg bones below the knees are sore in the event of severe mechanical trauma, in which cracks, delaminations or even fractures may occur with increased brittleness of bone tissue. Strong and prolonged painful sensations are accompanied by bruises of the periosteum, while the pain in the lower leg is formed below the knee in front. A sharp pain is accompanied by damage to the tendons, through which the groups of muscles connect directly with the bones. The fact is that many people tend to have strong tendons, but not enough elasticity, so even with minor injuries, sprains can develop, accompanied by a painful syndrome that worsens while walking.
The cause of the pain can be the inflammatory processes of synovial bags, muscles or the tendons themselves, dislocation or displacement of the patella. Below the knees, leg muscles ache after intense physical activity during sports training. The fact is that with excessive loads in the muscle tissue accumulation of lactic acid occurs, which causes aching sensations in the calf muscles. Also, with the wrong approach to the exercise, you can get a strong sprain of the ligaments or even muscle tears, which will certainly lead to the onset of inflammation and soreness in this area.
The legs below the knees are very painful for obesity and human hypodynamia. The fact is that nature does not calculate an excessive increase in body weight in two, or even three times. Therefore, the joints and bones of the legs, especially below the knees, experience a very heavy load as a result of which the accelerated processes of destruction of articular surfaces occur, which, in turn, leads to inflammatory processes and painful sensations.
Diseases accompanied by a painful leg syndrome below the knee
Atherosclerosis of the lower extremities
There are times when a person's leg muscles are always hurting below the knee, often cramps occur, especially at night or while walking the stairs. In this situation, it is possible to assume that the problem lies in the deposition of cholesterol in the blood vessels of the limbs and the formation of cholesterol plaques. Also a feature that indicates atherosclerotic changes in the vessels are always cold feet at any time of year despite the temperature of the environment. Moreover, in representatives of the stronger sex, there may be a cessation of hair growth and various violations of sexual functions.
In case of detection of this problem, it is necessary to take measures and not to ignore it, because cholesterolemia can lead to much more serious diseases, such as cerebral stroke or myocardial infarction. A number of examinations should be performed, the list of which must include angiography and ultrasound examination. Experts on the results of the tests will clarify the diagnosis and prescribe the necessary treatment in order to alleviate the general condition and prevent pain in the legs.
This is an inflammation of the tissues of the arteries. Usually, when this disease occurs, people complain of a sharp pain in the area of the feet or calf muscles. A characteristic feature is that the legs below the knees strongly hurt not in the evening, as with normal fatigue, but only after a while after the start of walking. Sometimes it's enough to pass just fifty or a hundred steps to feel a sharp pain in your legs. Very often there is even numbness of the legs below the knees. In a similar situation it is necessary to have a little rest, to stop, and it is desirable and to sit down. Unfortunately, such actions will ease the condition of a sick person only for a short period, after which the pain in the legs will return again.
If such symptoms occur, you should immediately seek help from a vascular surgeon who will prescribe a comprehensive examination( includes mandatory examinations: contrast angiography, ultrasound examination and an expanded blood test) to identify the causes of the disease and prescribe the necessary treatment.
After completion of all procedures, the specialist puts the final diagnosis and prescribes the optimal treatment that will reduce the degree of manifestation of the pain syndrome. But the fact is that this disease is very unpredictable and if you have severe pain you need to call an ambulance immediately, because it may be that you will have to resort to surgery, perhaps even immediate.
Arthritis and arthrosis
These diseases are also very common nowadays. Their characteristic signs are the manifestation of sharp pain in the joints during movement, and still there is a meteorological dependence, which manifests itself in the "twisting" of the joints of the legs when the weather conditions change. People who suffer from these diseases can not only walk, but also simply during the standing of the leg below the knees greatly hurt.
For specification and statement of the diagnosis it is necessary to address to the doctor-rheumatologist who after survey, will appoint or install a correct course of treatment.
If the knee pains in the legs are pulsating, strong and manifest in the calf muscles, then it is worth suspecting such a disease as thrombophlebitis. In addition, redness and swelling, burning sensation appear in the calf area, the veins of the legs are modified and become dense with time. It sometimes happens that the left leg hurts below the knee or the right leg. This is observed in the unilateral flow of the process.
Treatment in such situations should appoint angiosurgeon - a doctor who specializes in the treatment of vascular diseases. Depending on the risk of separation of the formed thrombus and degree of neglect of the disease, treatment is appointed either conservatively or surgically performed.
A bone loss below the knees may well be a sign of a disease like osteoporosis. This disease occurs when there is a lack of( for various reasons) in the body of an important macroelement - calcium. With this disease, pain manifests itself in an acute form, very often you can see the appearance of muscle spasms. As a rule, most often osteoporosis affects women after forty years. The risk group includes ladies with blond hair, skin and blue eyes.
This disease causes a huge number of different negative consequences, so you need to urgently consult specialists for optimal treatment, with which you can get rid of the pain in front from below the knee or, at least, reduce the degree of its manifestation.
This disease is also a very common cause of the manifestation of a painful leg syndrome. The most characteristic sign of flatfoot is the very rapid appearance of a feeling of fatigue when walking, and when the disease develops, painful sensations appear in the area of the feet and shins.
Treat flatfoot necessarily. It is necessary to consult an orthopedist, he will appoint and show special exercises and pick up orthopedic insoles for shoes. Women who suffer from this disease should not wear tight and narrow shoes or high heels.
Diseases in the lumbar spine of
Very often, there are also cases when there is a constant soreness in the legs, and no pathological changes can be detected directly in the lower extremities. Then you need to pay attention to the region of the lower back and already there to look for the cause of the painful sensations in the knee, shin or foot. Similar signs, as a rule, appear at a radiculitis or lumboishialgia - an inflammation or irritation of nervous roots of a lumbar department of a backbone. Depending on the localization process hurts the right leg below the knee or left.
Severe pain, hyperemia of the skin in the region of the shin and an increase in the local body temperature are symptoms of erysipelas. This disease causes pain below the knees in the front.
Gout causes severe pain in the big toes, which are of a pulsating nature. In adolescents, pain in the legs can occur during the course of infectious processes in other organs. For example, with chronic tonsillitis with purulent plugs, it often happens that the leg hurts below the knee in front and in the bones.
Basic diagnostic methods for foot diseases
Complaints of patients that they hurt their legs below the knees, often manifests itself in stages when the disease is already developing. In the initial period, few people give this fact due attention. These pains can be at night or in the evening, are not related to body overload, do not depend on weather conditions. Painful sensations can be different in strength and intensity, in sensations and perception. Affect both the foot and the shin, bringing suffering. Why do the legs hurt below the knees? Let's try to understand.
Anatomical features of
First of all, it should be noted that the lower part of the limb of the leg consists of two large joints: ankle and knee, and on the foot - those associated with the fingers. The shin is divided by physicians into two sections: front and rear. They are delineated in front of the tibia, its inner edge, behind - part of the tibia, which includes the ankle. The lower extremities are richly endowed with blood vessels, nerve endings, muscles and ligaments. Depending on the localization of pain, sensations, accompanying complications, during the survey, you can find the reasons that reflect the characteristic features. What exactly can give pain - only the specialist doctor knows.
Often, professional duties force you to be in the same position. These are teachers, sellers, workers at the machine tool, hairdressers. In the evening, the legs swell, they ache badly, especially below the knee. In view of stagnant phenomena associated with work, pain can bring unbearable torment.
Often, there are painful feelings among athletes who can withstand extreme stresses on joints and bones due to jumps, jogging, strength training. Such pain can be acute or permanent, aching. In these cases, only relief of joints helps, frequent changes in the position of the body. This is done for the correct distribution of blood flow inside the body.
Sometimes trauma, which can be transferred even in childhood, makes itself felt in the form of a pain syndrome. Any mechanical damage especially affects the structure of the bone and ligament. Over time, there are inflammatory processes in front or on the posterior surface of the tibia, a swelling in the place of traumatic injury is detected. Therefore, any trauma should be treated necessarily and periodically carry out preventive procedures in order to avoid consequences.
Diseases of the spine
These include osteochondrosis of all sections of the spinal column, sciatica, lumbulgia. If the lumbar region is damaged, especially if there is a disc herniation or protrusion, the pain may appear along the nerve root-branches, on the right or left leg. This kind of painful sensations increases with bends, slopes, awkward movements and arises in the lower leg, can give in a foot. Often it is accompanied by numbness of the limb, which is already an alarming symptom.
This form of causes can be attributed to flat feet. If you do not wear a special orthopedic footwear or insole, the patient gives pain not only to the foot, but also to the shin, knee. For the development of flat feet should be monitored from childhood and in time to take therapeutic and preventive measures: gymnastics, massage, wearing insteps.
Inflammatory processes of
Arthritis and arthritis of the lower limbs, bursitis of the knee joints is reflected in pain and swelling syndromes. The pain can be of different nature, very often accompanied by swelling, redness, occurs during motion or at rest, at night. The left or right half of the whole body suffers more, sometimes only the limbs. Morning pain is more common in people prone to rheumatoid arthrosis, gout. Strongly constraining movement, it passes only after warm-up. Sometimes a patient has to spend several minutes in bed to warm up and only, then he can get up.
Congestion in the venous vessels
The most painful sensations below the knees are manifested in persons prone to stagnant phenomena in the veins. Such pains are pronounced, are the same in manifestations:
- beginning gradually( up to 10 days), then acquire a more pronounced and permanent character;
- in the legs appears a feeling of heaviness, the pain becomes a shivering on all sides of the shin, especially where there is an affected venous artery;
- the limb changes color, becomes crimson, the left or right side swells;
- pain is so intense that it is impossible to step on foot.
In very dangerous cases, such phenomena can lead to gangrene and amputation of the limb. With this nature of the disease, trophic ulcers with a purulent discharge can often occur, which also requires immediate medical intervention. Similar symptoms may be associated with manifestations of cardiac pathology. The only difference is that edema appears at once on two legs simultaneously.
Atherosclerosis with atherosclerosis
Cardiovascular diseases, in addition to edema of the lower limbs and thrombophlebitis conditions, cause pains of an inflammatory nature. This is a special type of atherosclerosis of blood vessels. If the legs hurt below the knees - this is a consequence of the violation of the main blood flow in the arteries, especially the lower leg. The lumen in them narrows due to the plaques, the inner lumen becomes narrow. There is pain in the calf muscles and there is intermittent claudication. The ailment does not allow long walks or walking distances, which causes the patient to sit down, rest and then the pain symptoms decrease. If the disease develops, then over time the sensation of pain is not left alone. An important sign is dry skin, peeling or hyperkeratosis. If you pay attention to such moments in time, you can avoid serious complications that will lead to an operation.
Lack of vitamins( hypoavitaminosis), especially if the patient is a fan of strict diets, can lead to pain in the legs, which are especially acute at night. They are accompanied by cramps in the gastrocnemius muscles, in the top. This indicates a lack of elements of potassium, iron, magnesium. This is easily corrected with the help of multivitamin complexes, the right balanced diet.
In general, whatever the reasons, it is necessary to turn for qualified medical care in order to avoid consequences, to choose the tactics of treatment.