Symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis
Symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis
General information on
disease Cervical osteochondrosis is a progressive disease that leads to pathological changes in the human musculoskeletal system. As a result of these changes, intervertebral discs and joints are destroyed. In recent years, this disease occurs more often, and affects people mostly young age( 30-40 years).
Painful sensations in the neck - one of the main signs of cervical osteochondrosis
It can be affected as one department of the spine, and several. The number of diseased departments will depend on the clinical manifestations of osteochondrosis. In the lumbar region, osteochondrosis is more common than in the cervical region. But the cervical appearance of the disease causes much more trouble. This is because the cervical region has a lot of nerve fibers and endings.
The main reasons for the development of osteochondrosis. Stages of the disease course
A few years ago, osteochondrosis was considered a lot of old people, but today it is more and more often found in the younger generation. There are many factors that can cause the disease, the main ones:
- excess weight;
- impaired posture;
- has a history of trauma in the dorsal region;
- the metabolism is broken;
- excessive physical labor;
- insufficient physical preparation;
- frequent stress;
- lack of mobility;
- presence of infection in the body.
The disease can occur in four stages.
The first stage is marked by instability, manifested in the first violations of the vertebral disc.
Clinical features of the disease
The main clinical manifestation of the second stage is the protrusion of the discs, which is manifested by a decrease in the intervertebral fissure. As a result, the fibrous ring is destroyed and a feeling of pain arises due to the jamming of nerve endings.
In the third stage, the ring is completely destroyed, and intervertebral hernias appear. At that moment, the spine deforms.
The latest, fourth stage is the most difficult and dangerous. The patient can hardly move, since the slightest movement causes severe sharp pain. There may be a short-term improvement in the patient's condition, but one should not be prematurely encouraged, since this improvement indicates bone growth. These sprouting contribute to the joining of the vertebrae, which leads to limited movement and disability.
The main signs of the disease
The first and brightest sign of developing cervical osteochondrosis is the pain syndrome. The localization of pain can be not only in the cervical region, but also in the shoulder region. Pain syndrome can cause severe headaches, which often go to migraines, and most unpleasant, migraine is not stopped by anesthetics.
Migraine as a symptom of cervical osteochondrosis
The next prominent symptom of the disease is nausea. Nausea occurs as a result of circulatory disorders in the cerebral vessels. This sign often entails loss of appetite and weight, which is manifested by a lack of nutrients in the body. In addition to nausea, the patient can have continuous vomiting, which can provoke any turns or inclinations of the head, slow movement. This is due to the fact that the blood circulation in the arteries of the spinal column is disturbed and oxygen enters the inner ear in insufficient quantities.
Due to the fact that the arteries of the spine are poorly supplied, the basic functions of the inner ear are violated, this provokes the presence of such symptoms as noise or ringing in the ears. Often there is a decrease in hearing. Such deviations may also occur if the vertebral column is affected. But the main difference of the osteochondrosis of the cervical part is that such sensations arise only when the position is not quite comfortable, in which the patient is for a long time.
Office workers - at risk
Symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis can sometimes manifest only one symptom - pharyngeal. The patient indicates a perspiration in the throat and sensation of an alien body in the larynx, dryness, difficulty swallowing.
Infrequent visual impairment is rare. These disorders are manifested in the form of: blurring objects, reducing visual acuity, inability to focus on a certain subject, flickering midges. Vision for the whole time of the course of the disease can then worsen, then improve.
A patient suffering from this disease may suddenly lose consciousness. This condition provokes the termination of blood supply to the cerebral arteries. It arises from the spasm of the arteries, which appears as a result of irritation of the nerve endings, which are damaged by the sprouting bone processes of the vertebrae. If the patient is laid horizontally and his legs are raised, he will very quickly recover. Since the outflow of blood from the veins of the feet will increase, and thereby improve the blood circulation of the brain.
Often patients complain of unstable blood pressure, dizziness, changes in body temperature. And the last sign, will testify to the presence in the body of another infectious focus. Because with cervical osteochondrosis, there is an increase in temperature and hyperemia only in the affected area.
Despite such a large number of signs in which it is possible to suspect cervical osteochondrosis, its most important symptom will depend on the cause of the disease. Allocate the following syndromes: radicular, irrational-reflex, cardinal, compression of the spinal cord.
Treatment of the disease
Treatment of this disease is complex and includes medical treatment, surgery, physical therapy, massage, physiotherapy.
The very first action in the treatment of this disease is the removal of pain and inflammation in the affected area. First of all, the patient is prescribed funds of the NSAID group and analgesics. Recently, a very good positive effect gives such a tool as Movalis. It is good that it can be taken quite a long time and not be afraid of side effects. The drug well relieves pain and helps reduce inflammation.
A very important role in the treatment is played by chondroprotectors, which do not allow the cartilaginous tissue to disintegrate further and even contribute to its recovery. These drugs include: Teraflex, Aflutop, Arthra and others.
A good positive effect brings the use of external agents, in the form of gels and ointments. Quite popular: Finalgon, Fastum-gel, Ketonal. The greatest effect of these drugs can be achieved by massage, that is, we apply the gel to the affected area and massage the skin.
Only in the most extreme cases, when conservative treatment has not brought any results, the patient can be recommended surgical treatment.
In order to avoid the appearance of cervical osteochondrosis, several recommendations should be followed. It's to try to lead an active lifestyle, to exercise as much as possible, or at least do exercises in the morning. If you have a sedentary work regime, then during the working day several times, warm up the neck. Also, a properly matched mattress and pillow is of great importance, they should be comfortable and not be discomfort during sleep.
Video - Signs of cervical osteochondrosis
Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine symptoms
Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine
symptoms Osteochondrosis is an ailment that can affect various parts of the spine. In this case, each type of osteochondrosis has its manifestations and consequences. Very difficult and dangerous is osteochondrosis, affecting the cervical spine. This disease refers to progressive diseases, that is, the symptoms can gradually increase, and the disorders associated with it, aggravated.
Clinic of the disease
The main pathology that occurs in cervical osteochondrosis is a degenerative-dystrophic disorder in the functioning of intervertebral discs that are located in the neck. The cervical spine is the most movable and allows you to make turns and head inclinations. It consists of seven discs, but it has rather weak muscles.
Despite this, this department is constantly under tension, since it is necessary to hold the head in the desired position. That is why the cervical spine is very prone to osteochondrosis.
Stages of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine
To date, there are four main stages of osteochondrosis, which differ in the degree of damage and, accordingly, symptoms. The first stage of cervical osteochondrosis is characterized by instability and initial disturbances in the functioning of vertebral discs.
Features of the disease
The second stage of osteochondrosis is characterized by protrusion of the discs. That is, the gap between the vertebrae decreases, the fiber ring is destroyed. Such a process can cause painful sensations, which are manifested due to pinching of nerves. The final destruction of the fibroid ring occurs in the third stage of osteochondrosis, which leads to the formation of an intervertebral hernia. Such violations lead to deformation of the entire spine and, accordingly, to its external changes.
The fourth stage of osteochondrosis is the most severe, due to the fact that at this stage the patient feels severe pain even with the slightest movements. This, in turn, affects a person's ability to move freely. Also at this stage, bone growth can occur, which can reduce pain syndrome by limiting mobility. But such changes in the structure of the spine are very dangerous and can even lead to disability.
Stages of osteochondrosis
Causes of the appearance of cervical osteochondrosis
Despite the fact that people are considered to be the main category of the population susceptible to osteochondrosis over 40, now this disease occurs more and more often among young people. Now statistics show that osteochondrosis can occur at the age of 18 years. The prevalence of this disease is caused, in the first place, by a large number of causes of occurrence.
The appearance of osteochondrosis can result in incorrect posture, excess weight, back injuries, and curvature of the spine.
Incorrect posture is one of the causes of osteochondrosis
Moreover, this disease is very common in people with impaired metabolism and poor physical preparation. Excessive physical activity, improper training, stressful situations, inactive way of life can also provoke the appearance of osteochondrosis. And, of course, you can not let out of sight infectious diseases, as well as elementary hypothermia, as this can subsequently cause the appearance of osteochondrosis.
This disease, like osteochondrosis, can be considered a continuation of the muscle contraction, the result of this is a muscle spasm that affects the mobility of the cervical vertebrae. Such processes can lead to a violation of blood circulation, curvature of the posture, and this, in turn, causes changes in the structure of the spine and the clamping of nerve endings.
Symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis
Since the cervical spine contains many blood vessels that provide nutrition to the human brain, it is understandable that in cases of cervical osteochondrosis, symptoms due to impaired blood circulation in the brain may occur. Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine symptoms in principle are quite pronounced, so it is difficult to pay attention to them.
The main signs of cervical osteochondrosis can be considered frequent headaches, dizziness, which can sometimes be accompanied by fainting, changes in gait due to impaired coordination and so on.
Pain sensations - one of the symptoms of osteochondrosis
Very often a patient with such a diagnosis has a hearing and vision impairment, the state of the teeth deteriorates, the voice can change and snoring may appear. Given the fact that during the osteochondrosis the nerve is squeezed, it is quite possible that the patient will not have any fingers and he can feel weakness in his hands.
In addition to all of the above, it is worth noting that because of the pinching of the nerve, there may be pain in the throat or neck, moreover, in patients with cervical osteochondrosis there may be toothache. Painful sensations in osteochondrosis can extend to the area of the arms and shoulders, moreover, in the process of exacerbation of the disease, the pain will constantly increase. Severe pain can cause dizziness and even nausea.
All of the above symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis can be called common, as they can indicate different diseases. But, in addition to this, there are symptoms that character is for cervical osteochondrosis. All the symptoms of this disease can be divided according to the area of the lesion. For example, radicular syndromes, which are also called cervical radiculitis, arise from the pinching of the nerve in the neck. That is why these symptoms are directly related to the squeezing of the nerve.
Pain sensations in this syndrome can spread from the neck and reach right up to the fingers. In addition to pain, radicular syndromes imply tingling in the fingers, forearm, or hands. Irrative-reflex syndromes are manifested by acute pain in the neck and occipital region. Especially severe pain after sleeping or sneezing, sharp turns of the head are also accompanied by pain. Pain often with such syndromes is so strong that it can even be given to the shoulder region and thorax.
Symptoms of the vertebral artery syndrome are migraine, that is, a strong throbbing pain that can spread to the temple, the superciliary area, the darkness and the occiput. The pain is permanent, and sometimes even attacks may occur. Particularly acute pain is manifested with an uncomfortable position of the head or irregular movements. After a certain period, the pain may reach such a scale that hearing and vision deterioration may occur.
In addition to the above, the cardinal syndrome of osteochondrosis is also distinguished. It is characterized by symptoms similar to angina, this often leads to improper treatment. Cardinal syndrome is accompanied by paroxysmal pain, which can have several hours duration. In addition, the patient may experience irregularities in the work of other internal organs, especially tachycardia.
Prophylaxis of cervical osteochondrosis
Prophylactic methods will help a person avoid the development of such a disease as osteochondrosis. Prevention of this disease can consist in the regular performance of special physical exercises. In addition, a person should avoid hypothermia, stressful situations and overstrain.
LFK is an effective option for the prevention of
. It is necessary to control the pressure on the spine, not to give sharp loads and, if necessary, get rid of excess weight. And, of course, a prerequisite is proper nutrition and the absence of bad habits. Observance of all preventive methods will help to get rid of the likelihood of osteochondrosis and exclude the need to perform expensive and long-term treatment of this disease.
Video - Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine symptoms
Symptoms for osteochondrosis of the cervical spine
Symptoms in osteochondrosis of the cervical spine: headache
A constant symptom in osteochondrosis of the cervical spine is a headache. Usually, pain occurs in the occiput and spreads to the parietal-temporal region. The pain is permanent and increases with the movements of the neck, often in the morning. Elderly people often lose consciousness with a sharp turn of the head, which is preceded by dizziness, noise in the ears, decreased visual acuity and hearing, nausea and vomiting. It is possible to develop the so-called vertebral artery syndrome, which consists of the following complaints: head noise, dizziness,flies, "color spots in front of the eyes in combination with a burning, throbbing headache.
Symptoms for osteochondrosis of the cervical spine: pain in the hands, shoulders
Often the pains increase with minimal load on the arm;some patients are not able to walk in a coat - it presses them on their shoulders and seems prohibitively heavy.
Symptoms for osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine
The manifestations of osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine are extremely diverse, but none of the symptoms is strictly specific. Basically, the symptoms are determined by the location( location) of the painful process and the degree of its severity. Pain in the thoracic spine is the main symptom. After physical exertion or a long stay in one position, the pain intensifies, which causes the patients to change their pose even at night.
Symptoms for osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine: intercostal neuralgia
Very characteristic is a burning, aching or dull pain in the area of the scapula and the interscapular space. Patients complain of a feeling of "iron mites", like a "count" in the chest, squeezing their back even at night. Licking on the processes of the vertebrae is painful. Pain can spread to various internal organs.
Symptoms for osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine: heart pain
Symptoms of the osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine are pains of the heart. The pains in the heart are long, pressing, drilling.
Symptoms of lumbar spine osteochondrosis
Symptoms of lumbar spine osteochondrosis: it is difficult to straighten up
Lumbosacral pains are of a different nature, they are stupid and aching, amplified when making embarrassing and abrupt movements when trying to lift heaviness, shaking, sneezing, coughing, a change in the position of the trunk, as well as a prolonged stay in one position. The onset of pain or exacerbation is usually preceded by physical overload, prolonged stay in an uncomfortable position. Being in a bent position, a person with difficulty unbends, sometimes can not even move, because any movement causes an increase in pain. The muscles of the back are very tense( a symptom of a "locked back").It becomes difficult to wash, brush your teeth, wash, iron. In the horizontal position, the severity of pain is significantly reduced. Sometimes it brings relief to the forced position of the body: lying on his back, lying bent on a healthy side, standing on all fours, with a pillow under his belly, or squatting. In untrained people with weakened muscles, mainly engaged in mental work, an unusual physical load, for example, carrying weights, causes an aggravation of pain only the next day, even after rest( "the phenomenon of the second day").
Symptoms for osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine: it is difficult to straighten up
When osteochondrosis of the lumbosacral spine: low back pain, giving to the rump, lower limbs, sometimes in the pelvic organs;damage to the nerve roots( with herniated intervertebral discs, bone proliferation, spondylolisthesis, spondyloarthrosis): shooting pain and impaired sensitivity, hypotrophy, hypotension, weakness in innervated muscles, decreased reflexes.
Symptoms for osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine: backache
Great trouble brings sharp pain in the lumbar region, which has the form of a lumbago. Typically, this pain arises from the overload of the muscles of the spine( with heavy lifting or awkward movement).Predisposing factors are general body overcooling or local cooling of the lumbar region
Symptoms of osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine: numbness, chills, tingling, chilliness of the limbs
Another common symptom of osteochondrosis is numbness, impaired sensitivity in areas of pain. These zones have the form of bands that capture the gluteal region, they run along the hip, lower leg, less often - feet. Often there are feelings of crawling, tingling.
Chilliness of the limb, lowering of the temperature of the skin on the leg, spasm of the arteries of the feet, sometimes even disappearing the pulse, sweating, dryness and peeling of the skin are noted.
Symptoms and signs of osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine
Thoracic osteochondrosis does not develop as often as other types of this disease. Since, in contrast to lumbar and cervical osteochondrosis, this part has more vertebrae, anatomically thinner and smaller than others. The mobility of the thoracic vertebrae is small, and the sternum and rib take the share of the load.
It is very important that the thoracic section has a slight bending - kyphosis, due to this, the vertebrae are practically not subjected to the load, and the growth of osteophytes and the prolapse of the discs are carried out outside the spine, without affecting the functioning of the brain located in the spinal canal.
Manifestations of the disease
The most common signs of breast osteochondrosis are pain and discomfort. They are noted in the zone of the chest, back, epigastrium and on the sides. Pain becomes sharper with increased activity and breathing. Sometimes there is a loss of sensitivity in the left and between the shoulder blades, to exclude myocardial infarction and angina pectoris, an ECG is necessary. Differential diagnosis with cardiac diseases is also performed with increased pain at night. The difference between osteochondrosis is that pain is not stopped by nitroglycerin, and no changes are seen on the ECG.Symptoms of breast osteochondrosis are often similar to manifestations of radiculitis.
Dorsago and dorsalgia
Osteochondrosis of the chest often occurs in the form of two vertebral syndromes:
- Dorsago - sharp sharp pain in the thoracic spine. More common in people with sedentary work. And the attack just the same usually begins during the rise from the workplace after a long stay in the unchanged position. There is a restriction of breathing in the neighboring parts of the spine, and pain causes any movement, even breathing.
- Dorsalgia - formed slowly and hidden from the patient within 2-3 weeks. For her, acute pain and discomfort are uncommon. Aching pain occurs when the body tilts, deep breathing, prolonged forced position, passes by itself, if you move. There is a muscular tension at the top or bottom of the chest.
As a rule, it is the radiculopathy that expresses the chest osteochondrosis, the symptoms are caused by the lesion of the nerve roots. A pathology can develop in any thoracic vertebra, but usually the lower part suffers. Signs of the disease appear immediately after physical activity and for a month the symptoms of osteochondrosis gradually progress.
If the thoracic part forms a hernia or protrusion, the signs of the disease will depend on the lateral or median localization. Pain appears on one side of the pathology itself in the region of the chest, shoulder girdle, scapula, abdomen, and regional paresthesia also appears. If osteochondrosis forms a hernia on the side of the spine, then the symptoms of compression appear looser and can be easily eliminated. And with the location of the hernia in the middle, the manifestations are long and difficult to treat, sometimes lasting for months. Perhaps the compression of any part of the spinal cord. Symptoms of osteochondrosis become more pronounced when sneezing, during movement and breathing "full chest".
Myelopathy of the thoracic region is formed in rare cases due to the specificity of the structure. Symptoms are caused by weakness in the lower extremities, pain radiating to the extremities, chest, abdominal cavity, impaired pelvic organs, paresthesia.
Thoracic osteochondrosis itself or in combination with other types of osteochondrosis is noted in many people. When the disease adjacent vertebrae are not displaced. When arthrosis develops at the bottom or at the top of the thoracic segments of the spine, then symptoms of lumbar or cervical osteochondrosis appear, respectively. Clinically, the disease can take the form of arthrosis and intercostal neuralgia, which are expressed by a pain syndrome of various strengths. With intercostal neuralgia pain concentrates between the ribs. In costal-vertebral or transverse arthrosis, discomfort increases with pressure on the ribs and are located in the vicinity of the near-vertebral line.
Thoracic osteochondrosis symptoms are static, visceral and neurological. Pseudoangiogenic syndrome develops as a reflex response to the excitation of sensitive nerve endings of the spine in the chest region. The pain is not suppressed by nitroglycerin, in contrast to cardiac diseases. Also the location and duration of pain attacks differ. They are facilitated by turns of the head and trunk, physical stress on the pectoral muscles, but not food intake, general physical and emotional stress, as in cardiac diseases.
If in the osteochondrosis the upper thoracic part of the spine is affected in the region of the esophagus and pharynx, then an unnatural feeling of the foreign body in the pharynx arises. When the disorders occur in the mid-thoracic segment, sometimes an incorrect diagnosis is made: pancreatitis, colitis or cholecystitis, and in the lower thoracic - intestinal disorders.
In this case, the main thing to consider is that osteochondrosis, in contrast to these diseases, does not have a direct connection between the increase in symptoms with eating and the change in diet. In addition, pain is not related to the time of year. Possible complications of the disease: pathology of the cardiovascular and digestive system, dystrophic disorders of the heart muscle.
Causes of osteochondrosis of the cervical department of
Earlier, people under the age of forty were exposed to the disease of the cervical region, but to this day even young patients can suffer from this ailment. It may be due to a too passive or vice versa active lifestyle, excessive and incorrect physical activity. The causes of the disease are numerous, it is sometimes difficult to determine what exactly spodviglo education of such a dangerous disease.
Unfortunately, it's impossible to completely protect yourself from the appearance of osteochondrosis and it is not always possible to recognize why it appeared. Here are the main reasons that often occur and play the role of a "catalyst" in the development of cervical spine disease:
- However strange it may sound, emotional stress, nervous breakdown, depression and stress can lead to the formation of osteochondrosis;
- Strong physical stresses without special warm-up or preparation, also lead to the development of the disease;
- Falls or injuries of the back, spine, cause not only pain, but also destruction of the cartilaginous tissue of the cervical region, leading to the initial stage of the disease;
- Degenerative changes in the cervical region, can also provoke an incorrect position, curvature of the spine, violation of posture;
- Passive lifestyle, work in a sitting position, overweight, malnutrition - all this will sooner or later lead to a "rudiment" of osteochondrosis;
- As for athletes: in order to avoid back injuries, abnormal changes in the cervical region, it is necessary to load the body and spine gradually, a sharp beginning or termination of the training process, excessive physical exertion that can not affect the whole body in a bad way.
What are the causes of the disease? First, any impact on the cervical spine can cause pain, discomfort in this area. Secondly, in advanced stages, headache, dizziness, fever, and upper extremities may grow dull. Thirdly, osteochondrosis does not lend itself to the full treatment of , and its complete absence can not only worsen the condition in the affected area, but also pass to the passing nerve roots from the neck to the brain and other. Symptoms that occur during a disease require a professional approach.
Symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis
The cervical region differs from the rest of the spine in the accumulation of blood vessels that pass into the brain. With osteochondrosis, the vessels and nerve roots of the cervical region can be jammed and lead to serious consequences. The signs of cervical osteochondrosis are quite noticeable, first of all there is pain in this area, if you do not take any action, then other unpleasant sensations may arise. When osteochondrosis, the following symptoms appear:
- Headache is quite common in this disease;
- Vertigo in cervical osteochondrosis is often a phenomenon, sometimes leading to loss of consciousness;
- Appears temperature, chills;
- Vision may deteriorate, teeth become spoiled, and sometimes hurt;
- Signs of "ringing" in the ears, hearing impairment, are also inherent in osteochondrosis;
- The voice becomes hoarse;
- Snoring occurs during sleep;
- Because of the disease of the cervical region, upper limbs may suffer: fingers become numb, tingling, and the arms grow numb and weakness appears;
- Often the pain can be irradiated to the shoulder, the movements are constrained.
These are the main symptoms that appear in the early and already developed stages. But if you do not apply the treatment, the symptoms can significantly worsen and lead to bad consequences.
What should be the treatment for osteochondrosis
When referring a patient to a doctor, first of all, the treatment is directed to relieve pain, for this, anesthetics are prescribed - in injections or tablets. The sooner you start treatment, the faster you can get rid of unpleasant manifestations of osteochondrosis, such as: fever, frequent headache, stiffness of movements, numbness of hands, dizziness in cervical osteochondrosis, etc.
Symptoms of cervical disease require an integrated approach, treatment of cervical osteochondrosis passesthe following stages:
- Massage procedures with a specialist;
- Medications with anti-inflammatory, analgesic properties, distracting ointments, etc.;
- Acute osteochondrosis of the cervical spine can be treated with manual therapy;
- Usually, all problems of the spine are solved with the help of physiotherapy procedures, cervical osteochondrosis is no exception;
- It is absolutely necessary to perform a special exercise routine on a daily basis, keep a diet, do an independent massage and possibly use the treatment with folk remedies.
So, to start the treatment should be with taking a pharmacy medicine in the form of tablets, or they can cope with the removal of pain, strengthening cartilage tissues in the cervical section with special intramuscular injections. Injections are usually done from a week to two, but will depend on everything from the disease stage and individual criteria. To relieve the inflammation, relax tense muscles apply therapeutic massage, in the event that the pain does not recede or intensify, the need for manual therapy sessions. They will help put in place the fallen vertebrae, weaken the jammed nerve roots.
While relieving the exacerbation, it is possible to apply the treatment with folk remedies, for example, to make various lotions, compresses, home ointments that need to be applied to a sore spot. Coupled with medication, treatment is more effective, but do not forget to spend it every day.
Physiotherapy also helps to relieve inflammation and relieve pain. At the time of treatment, you should balance the diet, exclude foods that wash away calcium from the body and consume fortified foods with vitamins and minerals, raw fruits and vegetables. Osteochondrosis of the cervical department should be treated, it is best to repeat the treatment at least once a year and to comply with all the prescriptions of doctors.