Contusion of rib symptoms and treatment

The following symptoms are typical for contusion of the ribs:

Severe and severe pain in the process of injury

Because of the large innervation in the rib area, unbearable pain sensations arise which, in time, weaken .

Pain sensations at the site of the injury

Strengthens with breathing and movements with the trunk. They can bother from several days to several months.

Bruises in the area of ​​damage

The more damaged blood vessels, the greater the size of the bruise. At first, the hematoma becomes crimson or brown, then gradually turns pale to yellow and disappears.

Difficulty breathing

Because of pain in the ribs, breathing problems are possible: unpleasant sensations during inspiration, shallow breathing, and if the lung is damaged, respiratory arrest may occur.

Edema

After a while after the injury, it can become denser, but with time the swelling disappears.

Hot to the touch skin

Immediately after the injury, the skin in the damaged area turns red and becomes hot.

Diagnosis

To determine the bruise of the ribs is easy, but to exclude fracture and damage to the internal organs, an X-ray examination will be required. It allows the doctor to assess the condition of the bones and their integrity, to see damage to the internal organs.

Treatment

First aid

To reduce pain and avoid complications, you need to know what to do immediately after getting injured.

  • Investigate the site of the injury and make sure there are no dents and bulges. If they are present, you need to urgently consult a doctor, a fracture of the ribs is possible.
  • Adhere to bed rest .Limit motor activity, sudden movements with contusion of ribs are strictly prohibited.
  • Take painkillers for severe pain. For example, "Ibuprofen" or "Diclofenac".
  • Lie on the bruised side. This will make breathing easier.
  • Apply to the damaged area cold .It will reduce pain and swelling. First, apply a pressure bandage on the ribs, then cover it with a towel moistened with cold water or put a packet of ice on top.
If after the injury there was dizziness, coughing up blood, coordination of movements was disrupted, heart rate changed, you need to seek medical help urgently.

Professional therapy

The doctor prescribes treatment depending on the degree of severity of the injury and symptoms:

  • Drug treatment: the use of analgesics and analgesic ointments, with the increase in temperature, the intake of antipyretic drugs is prescribed.
  • Exercises of respiratory gymnastics will help to develop bruised ribs and get rid of aching pains.
  • Physiotherapy procedures are appointed after the improvement of the patient's condition and return the habitual motor activity.
  • UHF, amplipulse, electrophoresis, electric heating pad and blue lamp.

Folk remedies

Folk medicine can help to speed up the healing process:

  • Aloe leaves .Crush several leaves of aloe, mix them with honey and apply to the damaged place. This tool will accelerate the healing process and reduce swelling.
  • Chamomile broth with Ledum .Blossom chamomile and Ledum flower in a glass or metal container and pour boiling water, let it brew, strain. The resulting means rub the area of ​​the injury.
  • Red geranium remedy .Make a decoction of the leaves of geranium and use it for local compresses.
  • Chicory root .100 g chicory root chop and pour 0.5 liters of vodka, leave in a dark place for 14 days. Infusion rub into the place of injury.
If the bruise of the ribs is strong, there is shortness of breath, aching pains are often replaced by sharp ones, tight bandage of the thorax and the taking of pain medications are necessary. It is important to undergo a checkup to check lung function.

Frequently Asked Questions

What should I do first if there is a severe rib contusion?

Immediately after the injury, you must perform all the actions for the provision of first aid and exclude a fracture. Do not self-medicate.

Consult a doctor who will prescribe an examination and a comprehensive treatment.

Why did not the bruises appear after the injury?

After a bruise, the skin reddens due to a rupture of capillaries and blood vessels, liquid or coagulated blood accumulates in the damaged area. This is what causes bruises. But not always with bruises of ribs appear bruises. If cold is applied immediately after getting an injury to the damaged area, hematomas can be avoided.

How to identify a fracture or bruise?

Only a doctor can exclude fracture after carrying out an X-ray examination. But in the first minutes after getting the injury, you can do it yourself. Carefully pass your hand over the bruised place: a swelling may appear, but there should be no protuberances or dents. Then examine the entire thorax, the protrusions may appear not only on the site of the injury.

How much will it hurt?

The site of the injury can be aching from several days to several months. It depends on the degree of damage and the correctness of the treatment. The most important thing during the recovery period is to avoid physical exertion, and in the first 2 days to comply with bed rest.

What ointments to use?

If the ribs are bruised, doctors often prescribe "Ibuprofen" is an anti-inflammatory non-steroid agent that effectively fights pain. It should be applied to the damaged area 3-4 times a day.

"Nurofen" has an anti-inflammatory effect. This ointment is rubbed into the skin until it is completely dissolved.

Another effective tool is the "Voltaren" .It is made on the basis of phenylacetic acid, removes the inflammatory syndrome.

Rib bump is a serious injury that rarely threatens the life of the victim, but can lead to serious complications.

If you do not receive timely medical care, you may develop prolonged pain syndrome, hypoxia, hydrothorax, pneumothorax or pneumonia.

Treatment takes place in several stages, ends with rehabilitation, which returns to a full life.

Do you have a bruised rib? Treatment is not difficult and possible!

In everyday life, a person very often, one way or another, faces various bruises. This type of injury occurs, most often, as an independent trauma, but it can also occur in severe injuries - fractures, dislocations and other injuries of the internal organs. In more detail, consider the bruise of the ribs. The treatment is described below.

Ribs are part of the human skeleton and an integral part of the thorax. Their main function is to protect the most important internal organs of a person from external injuries.

Rib is a flat, spongy, long bone that has bends in two planes. The structure of each rib includes the cartilaginous part, and its bone part is divided into three sections: neck, head and body.

A rib bruise can occur as a result of falling from a slight height or impact with any blunt object. During the injury, a very severe pain occurs, which gradually subsides. Simultaneously with pain, a swelling appears, which later develops in the hematoma, breathing can be difficult. In such cases, timely treatment is very important.

If the doctor diagnosed you with a "rib bruise", the treatment is usually assigned to the following. The first is to ensure that the victim is at rest. Then, a pressure bandage is applied to the area of ​​the bruise, and an elevated position is placed on it. This allows you to stop the hemorrhage in soft tissue. The next, not less important part of the treatment of rib contusions is the use of cold. Cold is recommended to apply as soon as possible, best after the injury. Usually a bubble with ice is applied, in its absence - a towel soaked in cold water. These procedures speed up the resorption of hemorrhage, reduce pain. Cooling is used during the first 2-3 days, then the application of warming compresses begins. In the case of small bruises, treatment is performed on an outpatient basis. Treatment of severe injuries requires hospitalization, thorough examination to exclude fractures of the ribs and other serious injuries to the internal organs.

If this is a simple rib contusion, treatment with traditional medicine is sometimes very effective. That is why the treatment of bruises by folk remedies is quite common. They resort to their help, mainly in cases when out-patient treatment or hospitalization is not possible. Of the variety of traditional medicine, consider the most common:

- for any bruises, a linen patch works great. Take a clean linen cloth, crushed it to the state of dust or powder. The resulting component is mixed with vegetable oil in a proportion of 1: 4 and applied to the site of the injury;

- rubbed into the place of injury fat adder;

- after taking off the cold, it is recommended to drink a decoction of Arnica flowers, rub the place of injury with camphor alcohol;

- hot compresses are applied twice a day to treat bruises. Apply a concentrated solution of the English salt in a ratio of 30-40 g per 1 liter of water;

- fresh cabbage leaves are applied to the site of the bruise 1-2 times a day;

- cooked and mashed beans put 1-2 times daily to the bruise;

- the most effective tool - a sponge. Her( two tablespoons) should be crushed into powder, then diluted with four tablespoons of boiled water. To impose a bruise on the place. Very good for bruising;

- Aloe with honey is applied to the marks from the blows;

- decoction or tincture of the flowers of the Ledum grows the place of a strong bruise twice a day;

- to the old bruise apply a slice of potatoes, make a bandage of cotton cloth and leave for the night;

- gauze wipes are moistened with fresh radish juice and applied to the place of injury 4-5 times a day for one hour;

- very often used plantain, which in its fresh form removes inflammation and pain. To the places of bruises is applied a whole or crumpled leaf.

And remember - with injury "rib bruise" treatment is simple, inexpensive and effective only if you deal with it!

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Edge bruise: symptoms, signs, treatment, photo

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A rib injury is a mechanical damage, usually without disrupting the integrity of the skin and the actual rib itself. A bruise can lead to a fall even from a slight height or a blunt object blow into the chest area.

Ribs are long plates that refer to flat bones and are located on both sides of the sternum in a total of 24( 12 on each side).Given the anatomical features of their structure( mobility, well-developed innervation, participation in the act of breathing, proximity of internal organs), even minor damage can cause severe local pain and unfavorable prognosis for the future. Especially on condition that under the bruise the fracture of the rib is masked, which was not diagnosed in time.

To avoid this, it is necessary to clearly define the status of the damage, use differential diagnostics, primarily with fractures of the ribs, to conduct adequate therapy, often at the pre-hospital stage.

By itself, the diagnosis of a rib bruise is not critical. This pathology is well treatable and, with proper subsequent rehabilitation, is completely harmless to the patient's health.

Symptoms of

Like any tissue damage caused by a traumatic factor, the bruise of the ribs is manifested by intense pain sensations of an acute nature that increase with movement and breathing.

Pain in the affected area occurs immediately after an injury. Especially it is manifested in movements in which the thorax is involved - acts of inhalation and exhalation, sneezing, coughing, torso turns to the side and inclines.

The borders of the lesion are easily palpable, since the pain syndrome is significantly strengthened when pressing on the bruised rib.

The lesion is easily visualized:

  • In the place of the injury, there is swelling and swelling, painful when touched.
  • There is a hematoma. Since the ribs are located in close proximity to the skin, with a branched network of blood vessels, subcutaneous blood clusters are quite abundant. The appearance of a hematoma is manifested by a change in skin color: from red to blue and violet.
  • Sealing is possible at the site of the injury.

Combined bruises are the most dangerous when the lung is affected simultaneously with the ribs. A sign of such damage is a shortness of breath, until it stops completely. Combined injury requires immediate first aid and urgent hospitalization of the victim.

Diagnosis

When making a diagnosis, great importance is given to collecting an anamnesis of the disease. The doctor should find out the reason: if this is a mechanical trauma - the force and direction of the impact, if the fall - at what height.

Of no less importance is general examination, palpation of the bruised area of ​​the chest and auscultation of the lungs and heart for the presence of extraneous noise and wheezing.

When a rib is bruised, it is always advisable to perform a chest x-ray or chest x-ray in two projections - straight and side.then it is necessary to do to exclude a fracture of the rib, which often at the initial stage( especially if it is a fracture without displacement of the fragments) can be masked for bruising.

If, for any reason, an X-ray examination is not possible, it may help( to distinguish a bruise from a fracture) technique, in which the doctor presses on the chest in front and from the sides( axial load).With a fracture, there will be a pronounced pain in the injury site, and if there are injuries such pain sensations are absent.

It is also informative to tap on the patient's chest( after a preliminary assessment of the patient's general condition): if there is a fracture, cough and sputum with blood veins will be noted.then it says that there is a fracture of the rib and the lung is pinched. With bruises of this symptomatology there.

In addition to suspected fracture of the rib, differential diagnosis is performed with intercostal neuralgia, with the leading place belongs to collecting an anamnesis - the presence or absence of a previous injury.

Associated damage and complications

The contusion of the rib is not as dangerous as the fracture of , when a broken bone can damage the integrity of the pleural membrane and cause complete respiratory arrest. In case of trauma, a complex of diagnostic measures must be carried out in order to eliminate the violation of the integrity of the rib. The accumulation of air( pneumothorax) or fluid( hydrothorax) in the pleural cavity, caused by damage to the lung end of the broken rib, can cause serious disturbances in the respiratory system.

Ribbed edge. With such a fracture, there is no displacement of fragments of damaged bone, determined by palpation.

A severe rib contusion in combination with a trauma to the lung can cause internal bleeding - the accumulation of blood in the chest, namely in the pleural cavity. Because of the increased pressure, the injured lung does not participate in the breathing process, the patient's condition deteriorates sharply, immediate hospitalization is required.

Inflammatory process. The development of inflammation in the injured area is manifested primarily by a significant increase in body temperature. Ignoring this symptom can lead to the development of serious diseases, one of which is post-traumatic pneumonia.

In itself, the rib contusion is characterized by a prolonged and intense pain syndrome that does not last for several weeks, and sometimes months( depending on the severity of the injury).Restriction of activity, constant discomfort and pain during movement can cause stress states of .

Since a deep breathing in and out with the "full chest" of the patient is not possible due to the intense pain that arises, a lack of oxygen can lead to the development of hypoxia .Developing deficiency of oxygen in external respiration manifests itself in mood swings( for example, unmotivated sense of euphoria), frequent dizziness. The most damaging is the lack of oxygen in the venous blood, "saturated" from the lungs, for the heart, the central nervous system, kidneys and liver.

Treatment of

The general principles of the treatment of rib injuries are reduced to a number of specific measures - the prevention and treatment of hematoma, the removal of muscle tension and pain, and the limitation of mobility in the thorax.

Hematoma. The impact damages the muscle layer of the chest( at the point of application of force) with the rupture of muscle fibers and the appearance of local internal bleeding, which is formed from the blood vessels that feed the muscles. With the progression of this process, a blood clot begins to press on nearby nerve fibers, strengthening pain sensations.

To combat hematoma, ice packs( or any other object that provides cold) are used that are applied externally to the site of injury.then it makes it possible to slow down the intensity of the hemorrhage or stop it, to remove the swelling of the tissues, which in turn will facilitate the general condition of the patient and relieve the pain. The most effective treatment of cold in the first day after injury. Further, internal hemorrhage therapy is carried out with the help of various resorptive ointments and compresses.

At large sizes, hematomas conduct puncture of the hematoma with the extraction of its contents.

With minor damage to conservative therapy, it is enough( if bed rest is observed in the early days), so that the symptoms of the injury disappear and the patient returns to a normal lifestyle.

Pain. In severe pain syndrome, asymptomatic analgesics of various groups are used. The most effective non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs that are used locally, on the surface of the skin at the site of damage: various gels and ointments. Their use is advisable to start from the second day after the injury.

If the suspected lung contusion, as well as to prevent stagnant phenomena in them, the doctor can prescribe antispasmodics such as euphyllin or its analogues( by mechanism of action).Expectorant therapy is also recommended.

With the appearance of severe pain, it will be advisable to carry out a novocaine blockade, in rare cases - the use of narcotic analgesics ( provided that a thorough diagnosis and a broken rib is excluded).

Restriction of movement. Regardless of the diagnosis( bruise or fracture), which will put the specialist, to limit movement is necessary immediately after the injury.it is due to the fact that during movement, especially with increased physical exertion, the lungs begin to participate more intensively in the act of breathing, moving the thorax( the ribs are its main component).With a bruise, every movement will intensify the pain, and if there is a suspicion of a fracture, it will lead to more sad consequences - traumatization of the pleural cavity with fragments of the rib.

The most simple and effective restriction of motion is bed rest in the first two days after the injury. The patient should be in bed most of the time with a large pillow( or roller): the upper part of the trunk should be on the dais.then it will be possible to prevent the development of stagnant phenomena in the lungs.

Other procedures for treating a bruise are procedures such as physiotherapy( electrophoresis, UHF), which is applied by the end of the first week after injury, breathing exercises, dry heat treatment( not earlier than on the second day after trauma) and various folk methodstherapy.

Of the complications of contusion of the ribs, it is necessary to distinguish such conditions as pneumonia, hydro- or pneumothorax, prolonged pain syndrome and prolonged subfebrile temperature, which may indicate the development of a chronic inflammatory process. To exclude them, you should immediately turn to specialists and follow all recommendations for diagnosing the disease, treatment and subsequent rehabilitation.

First aid

First aid at the prehospital stage is of great importance in case of damage of this type.

First aid includes the following:

  1. Elimination of rib fracture. Of course, the most effective method is an x-ray study. But if immediately after the injury there is no possibility to do it, knowledge will be useful that will help determine the fracture by external signs: the presence of bulging under the skin of the rib elements( not necessarily at the site of impact), the appearance of dents in the chest and strong protuberances( a small swelling is allowed with a bruise).

The pain syndrome is more pronounced from the first minutes of the fracture injury. There is a crepitation of the ribs( a kind of "crunching" of bones on inhaling and exhaling).If there is a suspicion of a fracture, it is necessary to call a doctor.

  1. In any case, the patient needs to ensure peace. The first days - a strict bed rest.
  2. Apply cold to the damaged area.then there may be an ice pack, a bottle of chilled liquid or snow, for example .Cold is effective in the first day after the injury. Further warming ointments and compresses are used.
  3. Taking analgesics. The most effective for such injuries is ibuprofen, diclofenac( both in tablets and ointments on its basis).
  4. Obligatory consultation of a medical specialist to avoid damage to the internal organs, especially the lungs.

Which doctor treats

If the ribs are bruised, you should consult an orthopedic trauma specialist for the final diagnosis and appropriate treatment.

If the impact with the injury was insignificant, the pain in the damaged area is not strong, passing after the application of the cold, you can simply make a chest radiograph to exclude fracture of the ribs. A qualified radiologist will be able to determine its presence according to the results of the study. Be healthy.

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How to treat rib bruise, symptoms and diagnosis of rib damages -

To begin with, it should be noted that the ribs play a crucial role in the functioning of our body. First, they protect the internal organs from damage. Secondly, they participate in the process of breathing. Therefore, even the slightest damage to the rib should be treated and necessary, otherwise complications are possible. With such damage, the integrity of the bone tissue is violated, muscle tissue that covers the ribs is damaged, and blood circulation in the affected area is impaired. As a result - severe pain and bruising( bruise).

Damage to the rib occurs most often due to a blow to an obtuse object, an unsuccessful fall, a collision. Often the participants of the road accident suffer, various fights. Vulnerable and athletes, especially those who engage in extreme sports. As you can see, nobody is insured against such trauma, that's why it is important for every person to know how to treat a rib bruise.

First aid for bruising the rib

  • Restrict physical activity;
  • Make sure that the edges are not broken. How to determine a broken rib or bruise? To do this, swipe your chest. Ribs swell, do not move from their normal location, there should be no protrusions and dents. If you hurt to breathe with a bruised rib, it's a fracture. It is accompanied by pain with deep sighs, an increase in tilt and pressure on the damaged area. To distinguish fracture of a rib from a bruise without an x-ray is possible due to breathing, it becomes superficial and frequent, and the chest cage falls more slowly;
  • Apply ice, cold compress to the injured ribs. This is necessary to reduce pain and swelling. Ice should be applied within 3 days after getting injured;
  • Ridge injury than anesthetizing is important to know. Take an analgesic. It can be aspirin, diclofenac, ibuprofen, they will help to remove the pain with a bruised rib;
  • Relax and try to move as little as possible in the next few days;
  • Proper breathing. Take a slow and deep breath and exit every 2-3 minutes. If you can not breathe so often, repeat it every hour. In the event that you can not take a deep breath at all, contact a specialist immediately.

Diagnostics of

The most effective diagnostic method for contusion of ribs is X-ray examination. X-rays help to exclude the possibility of a crack in the rib. Therefore, to avoid complications and damage to the internal organs, consult a doctor. He will conduct a physical examination and X-ray. This will help determine the severity of the injury, make sure there is no fracture and damage to the internal organs. If necessary, you will be prescribed additional treatment. If the injury is not strong, you can cure the bruise of the ribs at home.

Symptoms of rib contusion

  • Severe and sharp pain at the time of injury;
  • Difficulty breathing, increased pain when trying to take strong breaths;
  • Formation of hematoma( bruise);
  • Formation of swelling, swelling of tissues. In the first day with palpation, a dense feeling is felt, the swelling is sore;
  • The damaged place hurts. It can be like aching constant pain, and sharp and strong at movements;
  • Skin becomes hot.

This is a mechanical damage to external soft tissues without compromising the integrity of the skin. Therefore, the bruise of the rib without bruise, a tumor is impossible. A contusion of the rib without external signs is possible only when exposed to a blast wave, squeezing between planes and falling from a height. Bruising and swelling are absent, possibly a hemorrhage, a lung rupture and other serious disorders.

Methods of treatment of rib contusion

Such damage, as a rib bruise, should be treated immediately. An effective method is a cold compress. You can use ice wrapped in cotton cloth, any other cool thing. Do a cold compress several times a day for 10-15 minutes. With prolonged cold compress, the victim can get frostbite. Coldness for the treatment of a rib bruise is useful, it helps relieve pain, swelling and avoid severe hemorrhages.

In the coming days, keep bed rest. Try not to move, avoid sudden movements, loads. Otherwise there will be complications, the rehabilitation period will be prolonged.

If after 2-3 days you notice that the pain is less, start restoring the function of the chest. Make slopes, turns, avoid sudden movements. The load must be increased gradually. We can contact a doctor for a special course of physiotherapy. There are also other methods of treating the chest.

This injury is very treatable, how many the rib injury heals can not be accurately said. In some cases, even after rapid healing, the victims complain of prolonged pain. The bruise of the rib hurts more than a month - this is a traditional pathology that can last up to two months.

If the pain does not go away, there is dizziness, impaired coordination of movements, and the symptoms persist for a long time, be sure to consult a doctor for qualified help.

Treatment of rib bruise: ointments and preparations

Medical treatment of rib contusion is mandatory. If the victim experiences severe pain, it is necessary to take a dehydrating drug( Ibuprofen, Diclofenac, Naproxen).

Use local remedies, gels, ointments with a rib bruise. Many patients do not know which ointment to choose from rib bruises? The bruised rib rib Troxevasin, Indomethacin, Voltaren and other preparations from the NSAID group are well treated. For cooling, use Ben-Gein ointments, Dip Relief, they include menthol. If a hematoma is formed, use drugs for resorption of heparin ointment, Bruise-off, Gyrulcalgon.

Effective are folk remedies for the treatment of bruised ribs. Make lotions from the crushed leaf of a flower of an aloe and a teaspoon of honey. The mixture is applied for 1-2 hours to the damaged area, from above place a dense cotton cloth. Repeat 2-3 times a day.

sportobzor.ru

Bruise bruise: symptoms, what to do and how much it hurts?- Era of health

The essence of the injury

To begin with, it is worth noting the important role of ribs. They perform a special function, namely protect such important organs located in the chest, as the heart and lungs. But, unfortunately, it is this function that determines the probability that a bruise of the ribs can occur, because with damages the entire load will have to be on them.

Bones of the ribs are covered with a layer of muscles, and it is the muscle tissue that suffers more if damaged. They can stretch out and even break. Because of this, there is a spasm( severe contraction), which results in painful sensations that can be quite strong and prolonged. But other tissues are injured, and this is almost always accompanied by inflammation. In addition, many small and medium vessels pass through the edges. A bruise( especially if it is strong) can lead to their rupture, because of what is formed a hematoma( in other words, a bruise).

So, the rib zone hurts. But this is not the worst thing that can happen. Symptoms, of course, are unpleasant, but the consequences of such trauma are more unpleasant and even dangerous. The fact is that internal organs can suffer. If the blow was quite strong, then their tissues could be damaged. And such damage, if overlooked, can lead to very sad consequences( pulmonary edema).

Reasons for

A rib injury is in any case a consequence of damage to the area. But because of what such damage can occur? We list the possible causes:

  • Contusion of ribs can occur after getting into an accident.

    Very often, such injuries are the consequences of traffic accidents. For example, even if the driver collided with a rudder when impacted, then a bruise of the ribs may occur.

  • Such an injury can be obtained even if it falls, and not even from the highest altitude.
  • Such damage often occurs during fights.
  • Athletes also often encounter such injuries( especially those who are addicted to extreme sports).
  • But even in ordinary life this is not uncommon. For example, in ice can slip and fall on the chest. In addition, you can digress from your path and encounter with someone from passers-by, such a clash can be quite strong.

If you study all of the above listed reasons, then we can conclude that practically no one is insured against the described injury. You can just do your usual business and, for example, fall after a bad move. With this, both a child and a young or mature person and even the elderly may face.

Manifestations of

Symptoms of any trauma in most cases do not go unnoticed. And a bruised rib is not an exception. Most often, the first signs manifest themselves immediately after the damage. But then the symptoms can subside and even disappear altogether, but that does not mean that everything is all right. With intensive movements or even with simple daily manipulations, the trauma will remind you, because the tissues are damaged, and the damage( especially if nothing to do with them) does not pass without a trace.

We list the main possible symptoms, which can be accompanied by damage to the rib:

  1. Immediately at the time of injury, a person will feel a sharp pain.
  2. The site of the injury hurts. The nature of the pain can be different. For example, often it is noisy or blunt, but with sharp movements( slopes, corners of the trunk) it can become quite strong and sharp. It can be quite difficult to do your usual things, because the pain is worse even with the usual manipulations. Many people are interested in how much the rib area usually hurts after the injury. It all depends on the severity of the injury. If it was insignificant, the pain can subside after a few days. But if the damage was significant, the symptoms can persist for two or more weeks.
  3. Breathing can be difficult. When trying to make strong breaths, the pain will intensify. Sometimes breathing is so superficial that it sometimes seems like there is not enough air. And if the lung is damaged, then breathing can stop for a while at all. In some cases, there is a cough( this happens infrequently).In this case, you should immediately consult a doctor, as there is a risk of severe damage and internal bleeding.
  4. A bruise may occur at the site of the lesion. If the area of ​​damage is large, then the hematoma will be extensive. The color of the bruise can be very dark if the bruise is significant. The shade usually changes. First the bruise will be red, then crimson, then it will turn brown, and as it heals, it will turn yellow.
  5. The contusion of the ribs is almost always accompanied by the swelling of the tissues. The swelling can be quite dense. And in the first hours after injury in the rib area, there may be a condensation( this is easily determined by touch), it increases in size and reaches its maximum volume after a few hours. At a palpation this swelling hurts. In a day, everything usually passes.
  6. Skin in the place of damage becomes hot by touch.
  7. In most cases, redness develops, which gradually passes.

If symptoms such as dizziness, confusion, weakness, severe pain in the heart, changes in the heart rate, etc. occur, you should definitely consult a doctor. Although a visit to the emergency room is required in any case, it will avoid consequences.

Diagnosis

What to do in order not only to detect the bruise of the rib( it usually does not make much effort), but also to exclude the possibility of fractures or damage to the internal organs? Upon examination, the doctor can assess the degree of damage, but he will not be able to see the internal injuries. In order to eliminate these, in almost all cases, an X-ray examination is performed. In the picture, the bone of the rib is clearly visible, which makes it possible to evaluate its integrity. Damage to organs will also be noticed.

How to treat?

What if there is a place to be a bruised rib? It is worth noting that the treatment can be carried out at home. Here are some effective measures:

Immediately after the injury, ice should be applied to the damage site. These can be ice cubes in a package wrapped in a towel or a bottle of cold water. Such measures are especially effective in the first two days after the injury of the ribs, they will avoid severe hemorrhages, eliminate puffiness and relieve pain. Such compresses can be done several times a day in the first two days, applying cold for 10-15 minutes( no more, otherwise you can get frostbite).

Naproxen is an analgesic anti-inflammatory drug.

If the pain is severe and intense, then an anti-inflammatory medication with an analgesic effect such as Naproxen, Diclofenac, Ibuprofen and others can be prescribed by a doctor. Local remedies may also be used in the form of ointments or gels( such as Indomethacin and the like).

In the recovery period after injury, it is important to maintain a gentle regime. In the first two or three days with a strong injury, it is advisable not to get out of bed. As long as the bruise of the ribs makes itself felt, it is necessary to avoid sudden movements and heavy loads, in this case, the period of recovery and rehabilitation can be greatly delayed.

When the pains in the region of the ribs subside, you can gradually restore the lost functions of the chest with exercise. For example, you can make slopes, turns. But sharp movements are still contraindicated. The load should be increased gradually, otherwise the symptoms will again appear.

What else can I do to speed up the process of tissue regeneration? Some non-native means are effective. So, help with lotions with aloe and honey. Leaf the flower on a blender or finely chop, mix with one teaspoon of honey. Apply weight to the area of ​​damage, from above put a folded several times the fabric. After an hour or two, remove the compound from the skin with a damp cloth.

If symptoms persist for a long time or when the temperature rises, consult a doctor immediately.

healthage.ru

Symptoms of contusion of the rib

Injury, as a rib bruise, can get everyone. Even walking on the street, for example: slipped on the road or collided with someone and did not hide behind his hands.

Read also on:
  • How to treat a crack in the rib

In the human body, the ribs play quite an important role, they protect the internal organs and take an active part in the respiratory function. The contusion of the rib is no less dangerous than the usual fracture. In comparison with other injuries of the ribs, the bruise is quickly restored. The most important cause of this injury is a blow on the chest with a heavy object or a fall. Quite often it happens when you fight or when you are not careful skating on a skating rink or on a hill.

Conclusion: There is no prevention from this, it's all life situations.

Symptoms of a rib injury:

  • Pain. As with any contusion, rib damage immediately causes severe pain. More persistent symptom with bruises. The nature of the pain changes over time, from sharp and strong, to aching. The pain that persists after a bruise for a long time is the reason to go to the hospital, because it can confirm damage to internal structures, for example fracture, ligament rupture and so on.
  • Difficulty in breathing. The bruise of the ribs is most often combined with a lung injury, because the two systems are in direct contact. There may also be a complete lack of breathing.
  • Visual Symptoms. For the damaged area, characteristic swelling, the appearance of bruising or bruising. Hematoma appears due to hemorrhage, which occurs after the rupture of small capillaries. The size of the bruise does not always depend on the strength of the bruise. In case of a superficial injury, the skin changes color within fifteen minutes. Since the ribs of a person are located close to the skin, then with a bruise of more than two ribs, the type of injury may seem quite awesome.

If the rib is bruised, the signs will appear gradually, you can take advantage of this and go to the hospital. You should not try to impose bandages yourself, because they are ineffective in case of a bruise.

Diagnostics

With a strong rib bruise, manual examination becomes impossible, as any touch to the damaged ribs causes severe pain. The most painless and excellent method is radiography of the chest, only with its help can one identify a common injury from a fracture.

Treatment

  1. Applying cold( snow, ice, a bottle or a hot water bottle) and relieving tension. These procedures are prescribed for all patients with this diagnosis, within 24 hours after receiving the bruise. The number of such procedures is determined based on the size of the bruised area and the degree of injury.
  2. Bed rest. Any physical activity begins to involve the lungs, which in turn plunge the bruised ribs into action.
  3. At the initial stage of the path to recovery, you can apply special ointments, with the effect of anesthesia.

Do not be afraid if you have a fever( 380-390), with this diagnosis it is normal. But in case the temperature lasts for several days, it makes sense to repeatedly consult a doctor, as this gives a signal about pneumonia.

The rehabilitation process can be accelerated, for this, gradually develop your own ribs. It is acceptable to apply special exercises of respiratory gymnastics. In a case where the condition has improved significantly, it is permissible to go through the course of physiological procedures that will soon put you on your feet and return to the rhythm of life that is familiar to you.

You can also use the treatment of traditional medicine: On the area of ​​bruised ribs, you can attach aloe leaves with honey, or two, three times a day rub the bruised area with a decoction of the flowers of Ledum.

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