Treatment of flat feet in adolescents

How to cure flat feet in adults?

A person's stop should provide not only support during movement, but also the function of cushioning, softening all the jolts that arise during walking. To fulfill these tasks, in the process of forming the erection, the foot has acquired a complex vaulted structure. With the development of flatfoot, it ceases to perform a spring function, which leads over time to serious consequences.

Normally, due to the fact that the foot has a curved shape in the form of an arch or an arch, walking does not support the whole surface, but only on the heel bone behind and the bases 1 and 5 of the finger in front. Thus, the following arches of the foot are formed:

  • longitudinal( along the inner edge);
  • transverse( along the base of the fingers).

As a result of this structure of the foot, cushioning occurs when walking on an uneven surface, and the load of the body on the foot is distributed evenly. With the development of flat feet, deformation of the arches of the foot in the form of their flattening occurs. It is accepted to distinguish the following types of flatfoot, depending on the structure of which the arch is broken:

  • transverse - the transverse arch of the foot is smoothed, it becomes wider( more common in adults);
  • longitudinal - the foot is elongated by decreasing the height of the longitudinal arch( more typical for children and adolescents);
  • combined - both types of foot changes are present simultaneously.

In addition, distinguish: congenital flat feet - is associated with abnormalities of the development of the skeleton, is rare;and acquired flatfoot - is formed as a result of external factors or diseases:

  • traumatic flat feet observed after injuries in the foot( bone fractures, damage to the musculoskeletal system);
  • paralytic platypodia occurs with various types of paralysis of the muscles of the foot and lower leg;
  • Rakhitic flatfoot is observed due to transferred rickets, while the bones soften, and under the influence of the load, the arch of the foot deforms;
  • static flat feet - is observed most often, as a rule, in women, and develops due to increased load on the foot.

Causes of static flatfoot

  1. Obesity, state of pregnancy.
  2. Forced long standing on the legs.
  3. Wearing tight shoes, shoes with a narrow nose, with a heel of more than 4 centimeters.
  4. Reduced elasticity of muscles and ligaments with age.
  5. Heredity.

When the flatfoot formation is disturbed, the biomechanics of walking is violated, the foot is compensated outwardly, after which the shin and thigh unfold. In this case, various consequences are possible:

  • development of osteoarthritis of the joints of the lower limbs;
  • frequent headaches;
  • curvature of the spine;
  • formation of herniated intervertebral discs.

Symptoms of flatfoot

The following symptoms are typical for transverse flatfoot:

  • pain in the feet and calf muscles;
  • the curvature of the 1st toe finger - hallux valgus;
  • thickening of the periosteum in the region of the metatarsal head I, which looks like a lump in the base of the big toe;
  • formation of corns, deep corns;
  • cramps calf muscles, the appearance of edema;
  • shoes of the previous size become cramped, wear out from the inside.

For longitudinal flatfoot, features such as:

  • fast fatigue of the legs;
  • edema stops in the evening;
  • changing gait;
  • formation of flat-valgus foot - the toes and calcaneal toes turn from the outside.

Prevention of flatfoot development

In order to prevent flattening of the arch of the foot, it is advisable to implement the following recommendations:

  1. Monitor body weight.
  2. Avoid wearing narrow tight shoes.
  3. Women should not abuse the wearing of shoes with high heels, its height should be no more than 4 centimeters.
  4. When selecting shoes, choose soft leather products with a flexible sole.
  5. During pregnancy it is desirable to use orthopedic insoles.
  6. It is useful to walk barefoot on the ground, rocks, sand.

How to treat platypodia

Treatment of flat feet in adults involves the use of the following methods:

  1. Use of insoles and orthopedic shoes.
  2. Exercise exercise physical therapy.
  3. Carrying out of massage courses.

Orthopedic footwear is distinguished by the presence of special insoles, which ensure the correct functional position of the foot when walking. The sole of such shoes has an impact absorbing properties. The use of orthopedic insoles or shoes helps to support the arch of the foot in a physiological position, which in turn leads to the following results:

  • reduces the load on the feet;
  • prevents their fatigue;
  • is the prevention of joint deformities;
  • improve the cushioning function of the foot, reducing the burden on the spine.

The maximum therapeutic effect is the use of individual orthopedic insoles. They take into account all the features of the structure, can be equipped with additional elements( for example, pronators).At home, it is necessary to perform exercises of exercise therapy, which are an important and mandatory direction in the treatment of flatfoot and allow:

  • to correct minor deformities of the feet;
  • strengthen the muscles that form the arch of the foot;
  • improve blood flow;
  • reduce foot fatigue.

Gymnastics should be held regularly, daily, twice a day for 15 minutes. It is useful to perform the following exercises:

  • lifting a small ball with your feet;
  • grabbing a pencil with your toes;
  • walking on tiptoe;
  • walking with support on the outside of the feet;
  • rolling feet with bottles.

In addition to practicing physiotherapy exercises, a foot massage is necessary. In doing so, the principles of performing massage should be taken into account: the

  • course should consist of not less than 12 procedures;
  • procedures are performed every other day;
  • the duration of one session should be at least 10 minutes;
  • during the massage should also pay attention to the muscles of the back and lower leg.

Special massages( mats, rollers, balls) can be used for massage. It is recommended to make warm foot baths - this helps to relax the muscles. With transverse flatfoot, the so-called valgus deformation of the foot is formed. Depending on the angle of the deviation I of the toe, three degrees are distinguished:

  1. I degree( 15-20 °).
  2. II degree( 20-30 °).
  3. III degree( 30-40 °).

Conservative treatment of transverse flatfoot is carried out only at the first degree and consists of the methods described above. It is aimed at relieving pain, preventing even more deformation of the foot. At the II and III degree of this type of flatfoot, surgical treatment is performed.

LechenieSpiny.ru

When rest, massage and other methods do not help to eliminate the pain, you can resort to drug therapy. Systemic analgesics: aspirin, flugalin, ibuprofen, diclofenac, indomethacin, paracetamol, etc. Topical application: indomethacin ointment, Dolgit cream, voltarenic gel, etc. Special treatment procedures : Novocain electrophoresis, hydrocortisone phonophoresis,paraffin-ozocerite applications, etc.

Exemption from the army of conscripts with flat feet( according to RF norms).

Based on the "Regulations on Military Medical Examination" No. 123, dated 25.02.2003, the passage of military service and admission to military schools and schools does not prevent people with the following violations:
  • I-II longitudinal flat-foot
  • Transverse flat-foot I degree, in the absence of arthrosis in the joints of the foot( middle section), exostoses( bone-cartilaginous sprouting in the form of a spine) and contractures( restriction of joint mobility).
For the liberation from the army with flat feet, the following conditions must be met:
  • Longitudinal or transverse flatfoot II degree c, presence of severe pain, deforming arthrosis of the II stage of the midfoot joints, contracture of the fingers;
  • Longitudinal flatfoot of III degree, transverse flatfoot III-IV degree
Conscripts with such types of violations fall into the category - limited to go( "B"), that is, they will be called only in wartime. They get a military ticket on their hands, and they go to the reserve.

Flatfoot prevention

  • The formation of the right gait, not to breed socks when walking - this overloads the inner edge of the foot and its ligaments.
  • With the predisposition to flat feet to choose the right place of work( work not associated with long loads on the legs).
  • Properly selected shoes, on a thick and soft sole, heel not more than 4 cm.
  • Wearing insoles for long loads.
  • In his spare time, give rest to his legs, at least 30 seconds, 3-4 times a day to stand on the outside of the feet.
  • After work it is recommended to take warm baths for feet, with their subsequent massage.
  • Walking barefoot on an uneven surface, over pebbles, along the sand, walking on the heels, the inner surface of the feet, tiptoe, outdoor games.
  • Maximum limit the wearing of shoes with high heels
  • Correctly dose physical exercise, avoid excessive loads.
. Healthy lifestyle, rational nutrition, take food rich in vitamins and trace elements, especially calcium.

Why is posture affected by platypodia?

The human body works as a whole. Between bodies there are not only anatomical, but also functional interrelations. With flatfoot, the center of gravity is displaced backward. In order to maintain balance, the spine has to deviate forward. Over time, deformation increases, posture is formed - round back .The normal arch of the foot works like a shock absorber. With flatfoot this function is violated. As a result, the spine and knees have increased loads. This leads to an even more severe violation of posture, scoliosis, herniated discs. In the knee joints arthrosis can develop. Flattening and problems on the part of the spine have some common causes: weakness of connective tissue, ligaments and muscles, obesity, increased physical activity.

What kind of mats can I use for flatfoot? How to choose them correctly?

Special massage mats have on their surface a variety of pebbles, ledges, "pimples".They are widely used for the prevention and treatment of flat feet. Effects of massage mats :
  • effect on reflexogenic foot points;
  • improvement of blood circulation and lymph drainage( due to this there is a decrease in edema on the legs);
  • strengthening of muscles and ligaments;
  • elimination of cramps, pain;
  • elimination of stresses, increase of general tone.
Massage mats from flat feet are prophylactic and therapeutic .Usually preventive are made of softer materials, and therapeutic ones are made of more rigid materials. One-part massage mat is a single unit. The modular consists of several parts that can be interconnected. They can be marked with "pimples" of different sizes and shapes. Materials from which massage mats are made may also be different. Most often there are rubber( usually based on natural rubber), plastic, made of foamed polymers, on a silicone base. Many models have inserts from stones, for example, river pebbles. Rugs from the Altai birch are very popular. The correct choice of a massage mat with flatfoot will help the advice of :
  • First of all - consult a doctor .The expert will tell you which model of the rug is best to buy in your case.
  • It is best to buy a mat in the orthopedic salon .Before you buy the product, be sure to deploy it, stand with your bare feet and try to walk. If it causes pain or severe discomfort, it is better to choose another model.
  • For a child under 3 years old, a mat made of rubber is best. Later you can buy a model on a silicone base. Adults often recommend rugs from the Altai birch.
  • Try to choose a rug on which there is not one, but several different types of relief .This will provide different types of impact on the sole. For example, in addition to the "stones" on the surface may be villi for soft massage soles.
  • Inspect the mat before buying .Make sure that all the protrusions and "pimples" are strong enough. Think about how convenient it is to wash, store the selected model.
How to use a massage mat for the prevention and treatment of flat feet? Begin with a daily walk on the rug for 3-5 minutes, gradually increase the time. Usually 5-10 minutes is enough. It is worth remembering that the massage mat can not be used as the only method of treating flatfoot - the effect will bring only its use in combination with other techniques. Who is recommended to use massage mats:
  • for children and adults diagnosed with flat feet;
  • for children, in order to prevent flat feet;
  • to people, leading a sedentary lifestyle, to those with sedentary work;
  • to women, who walk a lot in shoes with stilettos.

How to choose orthopedic insoles for flat feet?

Orthopedic insoles can be used for preventive purposes or to combat flatfoot. Medical orthopedic insoles need to be selected together with a doctor. Usually they are made individually, according to one of three methods:
  • Computer modeling .A person stands on a special platform, which registers the pressure of various parts of the foot and transfers to the computer. An image is displayed on the monitor.
  • Manufacture of plaster casts .
  • Thermoforming . Insole is made of special material, which takes the form of a patient's foot.
  • Obtaining a print with a special bio-foam.
Orthopedic insoles are usually made of genuine leather or synthetic materials( flexible plastic, expanded polyethylene, microporous rubber).If a person has a lot of weight, more rigid materials are used: graphite, special plastics, steel. Also, the insole is made of silicone, but they are less comfortable, have low elasticity, wear out more quickly. But due to its flexibility, silicone insoles adapt well to the relief of the sole. In the manufacture of insoles for athletes take into account increased loads and intense sweating. Orthopedic insoles for diabetics have additional protection.

How is flatfoot encoded in the ICD?

In the international classification of flatfoot diseases, two codes are assigned:
  • M21.4 - acquired flat foot;
  • Q66.5 - congenital flat foot.

What gymnastics can I perform with flatfoot?

Gymnastics with a flat foot are chosen individually, depending on the type and severity of flatfoot. Start classes only after you consult a doctor and find out what exercises are recommended in your case. Some exercises that can be performed with a flatfoot : In prone position : 1. With your legs slightly apart, squeeze and unclench your toes for about 2 minutes. 2. With your legs spread out, rotate the feet clockwise, then backward. 3. Pull your foot socks over. You can perform both legs simultaneously or alternately. 4. Detach the heels from the floor, leaning their toes. 5. Bend your knees, spread them apart, simultaneously folding the soles together, so that they touch. Then "clap" your heels: dilute and reduce them, resting with your toes. 6. Place the right foot on the left ankle joint. Move the right foot along the left shin towards the knee, while trying to clasp her leg. Repeat with the left foot. In sitting position on a chair : 1. Squeeze the right hand into a fist and tightly clamp it between the knees. Raise the inner parts of the feet, and the outer one is pressed harder against the floor. Repeat several times. 2. Tear off the heels from the floor - at the same time with both feet, then alternately. 3. Exercise similar to the previous one, only this time tearing off the floor you need socks. 4. Place different small items on the floor. Grab their fingers with your feet and shift from one place to another. 5. Bend your fingers while pulling your heels forward, then straighten them. The foot should "crawl" on the floor, like a caterpillar. In standing position : 1. Stand several times on your toes. Then alternately tear off the right and left heel from the floor. 2. Stand on your heels several times. In this case, the toes must be completely detached from the floor. 3. Perform several sit-ups and half-squats on your toes.

Is physical education given to a child given flat feet?

This question is solved individually, depending on the type and severity of flatfoot, other factors. With severe deformity and violation of foot function, the child can be completely released from physical culture. In other cases, it is classified into one of four groups:
  • group LFK: children who have a disease requiring an individual program of study;
  • special group: for children, for whom the load in ordinary lessons is too high, restrictions are required;
  • preparatory group: no restrictions in physical activity, but the child is exempted from the delivery of standards;
  • core group: no restrictions.

How does flatfoot differ from clubfoot?

Flat feet are any deformation of the foot at which the longitudinal or transverse arch falls. The reasons for this violation can be different. Clubfoot is a congenital disorder whose causes are not yet fully established. In this case, the foot is most often turned down and inward.

What kind of sports can you practice with flatfoot?

When planostopii recommended the following sports :
  • Free style swimming .It has a beneficial effect not only on the legs, but also on the spine column, the muscles of the back, helps to fight with impaired posture and other pathologies. But with flat feet, you should not get involved in swimming with a crawl, as this increases the load on the muscles of the legs.
  • Skiing .In this case, the load on the legs should be small. Intensive skiing is contraindicated.
  • Equestrian sport . Horse riding helps strengthen the muscles and tendons of the back, legs.
  • Some types of martial arts .Aikido, karate and kung fu do not assume an increased strain on the legs, but help strengthen the tendons and muscles.
When flatfoot are not recommended such sports as skating, dancing, weight lifting, weight training, jumping, figure skating, hockey, walking on the steppes. Specialty: Practicing doctor of the 2nd category

Published: 03.7.2013

polismed.com

How to treat flat feet in children at home

Manifestations of

Only a physician can provide an accurate, reasoned diagnosis. To do this, he assigns the child a planography. During this study, the person's feet are covered with a special remedy and are asked to stand on blank sheets of paper. On this fingerprint, the diagnosis of flatfoot is identified and treatment is prescribed. Such a survey provides informative indicators in adults. In the study of children, mistakes may occur due to the incomplete formation of the foot. Therefore, the younger the child, the more flat the print will be. The final diagnosis is set by the orthopedic physician.

Flat feet of any degree should be treated, or rather, take measures to properly form the foot. It is very important to visit the orthopedist for about a year. During this period of life, you can establish whether the child has a tendency to flat feet.

Symptoms of flat feet:

  • When walking, children step on the inside of the foot. This is very noticeable in their walk.
  • Clumsy. It is manifested by the fact that when walking the socks the feet turn outward. It arises from the weakness of the muscles. That is, they can not hold the normal position of the foot and therefore it turns out. The normal position of the legs is determined by the parallelism of the two feet.

In case of flatfoot, even the initial degree the child may complain of pain in the foot when walking or running. Pain can be felt in the knee, shin, backbone. The gait is broken, its smoothness and lightness is lost. Children can avoid moving games.

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Preventative measures

Flat-footedness in younger preschool age is no more than 3%.The congenital form of pathology is extremely rare. According to a number of researches and statistics of scientists, children are three times more likely to suffer from flat feet than those who constantly wear shoes. Exacerbates the pathology of the factor that shoes can be tight or "size with a margin."Therefore, for the prevention of the disease, it is very useful for babies to run barefoot. Natural conditions favor the normal development of the foot. Also, a large part in the formation of the foot is played by the load per foot. The risk of earning flat feet increases with low motor activity. This reason is relevant because modern children spend a lot of time with the tablet in their hands or in front of the TV at home. Such factors are classified as a sedentary lifestyle. This can trigger not only pathology of the feet, but also many other diseases. Also, the consequence of flat feet is a violation of normal posture.

When choosing children's shoes, you need to pay attention to a number of important requirements for its selection. Shoes should have a hard back, to fix the children's heel. The presence of the supinator is in the role of a compensator because of the lack of unevenness under the soles when walking. In children's shoes must be a small heel( 0.5 cm).It is not recommended to wear out someone's shoes, since it is already deformed and can spoil the baby's leg. Also, loose shoes will contribute to the uneven distribution of the load on the foot.

A full-fledged healthy diet plays an important role in the growth and proper formation of the foot. The body should receive a sufficient amount of calcium, phosphorus and vitamins. The growing body is useful for walking barefoot, massages of feet, an alternative to which can make use of a special massage mat. It can be made at home from plastic caps from bottles, chestnuts or pebbles. Walking on such a massage mat perfectly stimulates the feet and active points on them. This will have a beneficial effect on the whole body. It is also a replacement for walks on natural irregularities( sand, pebbles).In nature, you can leave the baby's legs in the socks. After all, the effect gives the foot touching the surface. The main condition is the lack of shoes on the legs. At home, you can pour dry peas on the floor and ask the baby to walk along it. This serves as a good prophylaxis for the development of flat feet in children.

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Fighting the disease

How to treat flat feet in children? In childhood, longitudinal flat feet of varying degrees are common. It can be cured without surgery. If the disease is congenital, then it is necessary to start treating the disease as early as possible. For these purposes, plastering of limbs or wearing langets( special tires on the leg of reusable use) are used.

The disease can not be started. Consultation of the doctor will prompt the optimal solution of the pathology. If the process is started, a transverse can join the longitudinal flatfoot. This degree of disease will be more difficult to cure. Treatment of longitudinal flat feet is aimed at strengthening bone tissue, muscles and ligaments. Then the foot itself will return to normal. For this purpose, children are prescribed a course of therapeutic massage and special gymnastics. At the heart of the treatment are special physical exercises aimed at improving the state of muscle tone.

Foot massage with flat feet of any degree makes it possible to improve blood circulation in the feet. You can do it yourself at home. Timely prevention will help to get rid of the adverse effects of pathology.

binogi.ru

Can a flat foot in a teenager be cured for 14 years and how?

hallus valgus

Yes, most likely. Or at least significantly reduce the degree!!!
Although official medicine more often says that it is almost impossible to cure and refuses treatment at the age of 8-12 years old
Depends on many factors, from the anatomy of your feet, from perseverance in classes and the like. But one degree can be reduced.
Flatfoot, if it is strong, you should try to cure
With a strong degree of flatfoot and with heavy loads on your legs, unfortunately, teenagers and adults will often get aching legs, and even a head. At least fatigue is much higher
Because flatfoot sharply reduces depreciation and there is a strong overload of the spinal cord and brain
With flat feet, the spine suffers.
The treatment must necessarily include
- Massage with an experienced masseur
- LFK( persistent and daily)
( like heels, on toes, on the inside and outside of the foot)
A very important exercise is to flex / unbend fingers( as if into a fist)
Roll rolling-bottle-tube with pressure
And not only along, but also across!
Massage mat( toddle)
- If there is already a flatfoot, it may be necessary Supinators.(But, better done specially for you or at least matched for you)
and it is very ambiguous whether they should always be worn. It's like glasses.
I have goggles, and then you can not remove it - it may be more appropriate to work out the time for TRAINING by walking without the insteps or in other insteps.
. You can also see my site about the treatment of flatfoot and "bones"
( blanks in hallus-valgus.. ru)
For prevention it is very important to walk barefoot, but not on the floor, not on the asphalt, but on the uneven surface( pebbles, cones, grass).
For physical education and sports it is advisable to buy good sneakers, and not run with bad sneakers or casual"Chuvaki".
With transverse flatfoot( not ordinary, which everyone knows, but with the transverse, that is, under the fingers) there is a curvature of the big toe outward and the so-called "bone" grows. But there are many ways to fight, and just the girls need to start preventing the growth of "bones" just at the age of 12-16 years.

Nastya Larionova

completely missing

is it possible to cure flat feet at 16 years old?

Galina Zhigunova

No, it is not treated, it's a cross for life. At me a congenital flatfoot of 3 degrees, I go and I am excruciated 38 years. Appealed to the orthopedic center, they answered me: "Up to 8 years have not been corrected, now nothing will be done."And the insole in any shoes do not fit, slapping or sandals they will not put.

为什么 翻译?

is not.such a diagnosis is bought, you are going to treat.orthopedic shoes are needed.

Maxim Rasputin

It is possible and necessary.
1) Running into the hill barefoot.
2) Roll a solid ball barefoot on the floor.

SurPrize

treat it like an army slope, there's nothing to do in it, it's stupid to lose a year, unless you want to become an army or for future work it is necessary))

Very handsome man

POSSIBLE EVERYTHING.But not everyone knows how to use it))

Zhenechka

Do you understand that now half the country men from 18 to 27 consider you a happy asshole!? =) But seriously, with such a question to the orthopedist. Spend half an hour and find out both the exact diagnosis and how to treat.

Piramidonovna

Can not be disinfected, you can pause. Orthopedist for help.

Amina Fitkulina

yes you can have special insoles.orthopedic.go to the pharmacy.ask.there will help to choose the size, but you can buy special shoes, but it will be more expensive.

Tatiana

Flat feet are incurableA! !!!

hallus valgus

Despite some pessimistic responses, at least significantly reduce the degree!!!
Although official medicine more often says that it is almost impossible to cure and refuses to be treated at the age of 8-12 years old
Depends on many factors, from the anatomy of your feet, from persistence in studies and the like. But one degree can be reduced.
Flatfoot, if it is strong, you should try to cure
With a strong degree of flatfoot and with heavy loads on your legs, unfortunately, teenagers and adults will often get aching legs, and even a head. At least fatigue is much higher
Because flatfoot sharply reduces depreciation and there is a strong overload of the spinal cord and brain
With flat feet, the spine suffers.
Treatment should include
- Massage with an experienced masseur
- LFK( persistent and daily)
( look like heels, on the toes, on the inside and the inside of the foot)
A very important exercise is to bend and unbend fingers( as if in a fist)
Roll rolling-bottle-tube with pressure
And not only along, but also across!
Massage mat( toddle)
- If there is already a flatfoot, you may need the Supinators.(But, better made especially for you or at least matched for you)
and it is very ambiguous whether they should always be worn. It's like glasses.
I have goggles, and then you can not remove it - it may be more appropriate to work out the time for TRAINING by walking without the insteps or in other insteps.
You can also see my site about the treatment of flatfoot and "bones"
( blanks in hallus-valgus.. ru)
For prevention it is very important to walk barefoot, but not on the floor, not on the asphalt, but on the uneven surface( pebbles, cones, grass).
For physical education and sports it is advisable to buy good sneakers, and not run with bad sneakers or casual"Chuvaki".
With transverse flatfoot( not common, which everyone knows, but with the transverse, that is, under the fingers), there is a curvature of the thumb outside and a so-called "bone" grows. But there are many ways to fight

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