How do chondroprotectors work with joint arthrosis?
The word "chondroprotektor" is translated from the Greek language as "protecting cartilage", and the cartilage in our body is part of the joints. In medicine, this word refers to a group of drugs that affect the joint, which contribute to the restoration of cartilaginous tissue and the normalization of metabolic processes in it. These drugs are prescribed for various joint diseases, with injuries and fractures. Chondroprotectors for arthrosis are always appointed.
What are the chondroprotectors?
Chondroprotectors refer to biologics containing structural elements of natural cartilaginous tissue. Produce preparations mainly from cartilaginous and bony tissues of some marine invertebrates and fish of the family of salmonids. There are medicines, which contain vegetable components - extracts from soybeans and avocado.
Treatment with these drugs can be carried out in two ways:
- Oral administration or ingestion in tablet form or powder form, is prescribed for a long time: the drug usually begins only after 3 months, and the persistent effect develops after 6 months.
- The introduction of the drug into the joint or intramuscularly has a faster therapeutic effect, sometimes noticeable after the first injection. The course usually appoints 10-20 intramuscular injections or 1-5 intraarticular, then switch to taking drugs inside.
To enhance the effect simultaneously with chondroprotectors prescribe drugs that improve metabolism and circulation.
How do chondroprotectors work in arthrosis?In the treatment of arthrosis, it is very important to eliminate all factors that cause a change in the normal structure of the joint. Then the effect of drugs aimed at restoring the function of anatomical education will be several times more effective. This is very important for arthrosis, since degenerative changes in joints with this disease can lead to disability.
In case of exacerbation of arthrosis on the background of edema and inflammation the blood supply of the joint is disturbed, first of all the metabolic and trophic processes change, the renewal of cartilage components is slowed down due to the lack of building material, which in a normal state synthesize cartilage cells chondrocytes and chondroblasts. Here, chondroprotectors come to the rescue, they are the building blocks for cartilaginous tissue and intra-articular fluid.
Chondroprotectors for oral administration of
The most popular drugs of this group are Arthra, Dona, Structum, Teraflex, containing chondroitin and glucosamine.
- Chondroitin( chondroitin sulfate) is a substance that stimulates phosphoric-calcium metabolism in cartilaginous tissue. It is a high molecular weight mucopolysaccharide. The action of drugs, which include chondroitin, is to slow down the destruction of bone tissue and reduce calcium loss. They accelerate the processes of bone repair and inhibit the processes of degeneration of the cartilage.
- Glucosamine is a substance used primarily to replenish the natural deficiency of glucosamine, it stimulates the synthesis of hyaluronic acid and proteoglycans of synovial( joint) fluid in cells and restores the function of the joint.
Also used in arthrosis is a plant preparation Piascladin, containing components of soy and avocado oils. Piaskladin's components slow the development of degenerative processes in the cartilage, stop pain and restore motor activity.
- Adelone is a drug that stimulates the regeneration of cartilage. Its active substance is a glycoprotein isolated from blood serum of cattle. Adelon stimulates the growth of young cartilage cells and their differentiation( the formation of a replacement cartilaginous tissue).It helps to restore a smooth articular surface in the area of damage and improves the mobility of the joint. After intraarticular injections, the basic substance produced by cartilaginous tissue cells has the same structure as in the norm.
- Alflutop is a bioactive concentrate from the bones and cartilage of small marine fish( sprat, Black Sea Merlang, anchovy Black Sea, puzank).The drug consists of mucopolysaccharides, amino acids, chondroitin, peptides and ions of certain microelements( sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, iron, copper and zinc).It prevents the destruction of normal structures of the cartilaginous and bone tissue, is involved in the restoration of interstitial( connective) tissue and the actual cartilage tissue. The anti-inflammatory effect of the drug is based on the inhibition of the activity of inflammation factors and the normalization of the synthesis of hyaluronic acid.
- Noltrex is a synthetic polymer that does not contain substances of animal origin. It is not a natural metabolic drug. The composition of the drug contains silver ions, which cause the antibacterial action of Noltrex. The effect of the drug at the first stage contributes to the physical dilution of rubbing against each other affected joint surfaces, while improving its mobility and reducing pain. In the second stage, the preparation as a sponge absorbs excess articular fluid and water from the cartilaginous tissue and the subchondral part of the bone, and thus provides decompression( release from compression) of nerve endings( pain receptors).At the third stage, the inflammatory substances are inactivated( destroyed) on strictly oriented special active centers of Noltrex. Together with this, silver ions migrate to the articular surface, as a result, endogenous infection is suppressed. This drug is currently one of the most widely used drugs in the treatment of arthrosis. Usually, one intraarticular injection is sufficient to achieve a pronounced therapeutic effect.
Substitutes of intraarticular fluid
This group includes preparations of hyaluronic acid( sodium hyaluronate), such as Synvisc, Sinocrome, Ostenil, Fermatron and others.
The therapeutic effect of hyaluronic acid is due to the ability to normalize the physical properties of the intraarticular fluid of the patient's joint, as well as to restore the ability of cartilaginous cells to synthesize their own hyaluronate. This effect persists for several months after the end of the course. The following mechanisms underlie the positive effect when using sodium hyaluronate: increasing the viscosity of the synovial fluid, restoring its damping and protective properties;protection of articular cartilage from mechanical and chemical pathogenic effects;slowing of degenerative processes in articular cartilage;restoration of biochemical equilibrium of synovial fluid. All this leads to rapid relief of pain syndrome and restoration of mobility in the joint affected by the degenerative process.
The therapeutic effect of sodium hyaluronate has a cumulative character, manifests itself gradually and persists for a long time in a few months. For the course of treatment, usually 5 intra-articular injections are prescribed.
Osteoarthritis is a metabolic disease in which joints suffer: cartilage tissue is destroyed, bone outgrowths - osteophytes, blocking the joint can appear. The cause of this disease is the activation of degenerative-dystrophic processes in the cartilage, so the use of chondroprotectors, given the mechanism of their action, with arthrosis is more than justified.
Treatment of arthrosis of the hip - basic information
Treatment of arthrosis of the hip joint
Not all patients know how to treat arthrosis of the hip joint by a set of measures. They include the following types of treatment:
taking medications;application of medical creams and ointments;injections into the joint;therapeutic gymnastics.
A good result is given by medications for arthrosis of the hip joint, which include:
Anti-inflammatory non-steroidal( non-hormonal) drugs, for example, indomethacin, butadione, diclofenac and others. They reduce pain in the hip, groin and in the affected joint. However, giving temporary relief, the disease itself is not treated, besides leading to side effects. If long-term use of these drugs is necessary, it is better to use selective drugs, for example, movalis, which do not give complications.
Chondroprotectors, feeding cartilage tissue, restore its structure. In the treatment of coxarthrosis of the hip joint, these are the most useful drugs. They are not so much struggling with the symptoms, how much affect the basis of the disease. Chondroitin sulfate and glucosamine are irreplaceable at the onset of the disease, and they have almost no contraindications.
Muscle relaxants eliminate muscle spasm, often accompanying coxarthrosis. Sirdalud and midocals help improve blood circulation in the affected joint. But muscle relaxants should be used only together with chondroprotectors, as well as hood extraction.
As mentioned above, an important part of the treatment of arthrosis of the hip joint is a diet. The diet of the patient with coxarthrosis should be balanced and include all the necessary trace elements. The basis of any tissue in the human body is protein, so you need to eat milk and legumes, as well as jelly and not very fatty cold. It is necessary to take into account the fact that the goal of the diet, in addition to saturation of the body with the necessary trace elements, is weight reduction. This is necessary to ease the load on the joint. On this basis, you should reduce the consumption of fatty, salty and other high-calorie foods.
You should not remove from the previous paragraph only that you need to start losing weight in any way. Approaching the organization of nutrition in arthritis and arthrosis of the joints should be cautious - no strict restriction of calories, not to mention starvation in this case is not the place. Especially it concerns women after 50 years - cleansing of the intestine for the purpose of losing weight and getting rid of toxins is fraught with the washing out of calcium and, as a consequence, the development of osteoporosis.
Below are those products that are sources of the body's essential substances and should be used during a diet for arthritis and arthrosis, as they do not provoke weight gain.
Animal and vegetable proteins are needed for the construction of new tissues, incl.restoration of the cartilaginous tissue that covers the joints. The main sources of
skim milk and sour-milk products are low-fat fish and buckwheat porridge pulp lentils, beans
To ensure that the proteins are digested better, include preferably stewed, boiled and steam dishes with these products. You can bake in foil - not only healthy, but also delicious food is obtained. By the way, the chill, which is often positioned as an important nutritional element for patients with joints, according to the latest medical research, does not bring any benefit, except harm.
Fats in the diet for arthrosis of the knee joint are needed, because with their insufficient amount, metabolic processes are dramatically slowed down. As a result, excess weight appears. Advantage should be given to vegetable oils, cream butter and fish oil, and not fat and cake with whipped cream.
Carbohydrates are designed to provide the body with energy that allows the exchange processes to run smoothly. Prefer not fast carbohydrate( sugar and baking), but complex( fruits and vegetables).The latter are slowly absorbed and do not turn into fatty deposits.
Mineral substances and vitamins are of great importance in the organization of nutrition for arthrosis of the knee joint. Particularly beneficial are all B vitamins( whole wheat bread, baked potatoes, beans, bananas, eggs, nuts, chicken), as well as folic acid( cabbage, lentils).
Types of dysplasia of the hip joints are told in the article.
Causes of synovitis of the knee joint http: //sustavprof.ru/bolezni/sinovit/ kolennogo-sustava-2.html.
Proteins are builders of new tissues, including cartilaginous, serving as an interlayer between the articular surfaces of bones. To a greater extent, this applies to dairy products, which contain easily digestible proteins, they are also rich in calcium, useful for strengthening bones. Do not forget about the animal and vegetable proteins, respectively, in lean meat, fish and legumes, buckwheat. Prepare protein foods best for a couple, cook or simmer - then protein is better absorbed by the body.
For arthroses, collagen, which is contained in the cold and jelly on the basis of bone broth, is also useful. Collagen helps to restore and build muscle, cartilaginous and ligamentous tissues. Gelatin is also useful in coxarthrosis. It contains chondroprotectors, which help to restore cartilaginous tissues.
Carbohydrates provide the body with energy, help the smooth flow of metabolic processes. Preference in this case should be given to complex carbohydrates( vegetables, fruits), which, unlike simple sugars( baking, sweet) are absorbed slowly, not giving a quick energy injection, but do not promote the formation of fats.
It is forbidden to completely reject fat in the diet, because without them the metabolic processes are sharply slowed down. Preference for patients with coxarthrosis should be given to vegetable fats and butter.
As for vitamins, vitamins of group B are especially useful for arthrosis. In the patient's diet, it is necessary to include baked potatoes( B1, B6), whole grain bread( B1), beans and peas( B1), dairy products( B2), bananas( B2,B12, B6), eggs( B2), chicken and nuts( B6), lentils and cabbage( B12).
Healthy joints need nutrition with a small predominance of carbohydrates, limited consumption of protein and calcium, and a large number of fruits and vegetables.
For today, medicines from various groups are used for this purpose, such as:
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs( NSAIDs), of this group are used - piroxicam, brufen, ketoprofen, diclofenac, orthophene,amidopyrine, movalis. This group of drugs has both advantages and disadvantages. Among the advantages, it is worth noting the rapid elimination of joint pain, inflammation and edema. Disadvantage, with long-term use, is a decrease in the body's ability to self-repair cartilage tissue. Do not take several drugs from this group at the same time.
Chondroprotectors are substances that promote the restoration of cartilaginous tissue. To achieve the effect, their long-term use is necessary. For the treatment of coxarthrosis use - glucosamine, structum, chondroitin sulfate, arteparone, rumalon, don. These drugs have undoubted advantages, since they can stop the development of the disease, they do not have cons, the only thing they are not recommended for pregnant women and people with individual intolerance. Drugs that dilate the vessels - trental, nikospan, cinnarizine, theonikol. They help to restore the joint by improving the blood flow inside it, relieve muscle spasm, eliminate stagnation of blood, all this leads to better nutrition of cells and acceleration of the recovery process.
Medications for arthrosis of the hip joint. Miorelaxants - sirdalud, midokalm. This group of drugs effectively eliminates muscle spasms, which helps improve blood supply in the hip joint. Miorelaxants should be used only in combination with chondroprotectors, since the use of only muscle relaxants is fraught with negative consequences, and instead of good, they will lead to worsening of the patient's condition.
Hormonal( steroid) drugs - hydrocotisone, metipred, kenalog. Introduced, for the most part intraarticular with accompanying complications, severe pain and swelling.
Various warming ointments - gevkamen, menovazin, nicofleks, finalgon. These ointments help improve blood circulation, when rubbing the ointment into the skin, due to irritation of the skin receptors, endorphins( internal analgesics of the body) are released, thereby reducing pain and partially eliminating spasm of the muscles located near the joint.
Intra-articular injections are sometimes the most effective method of treatment. Injections into the hip joint have a number of advantages. Sticking hormonal medications is often a good result, especially if there are some other co-morbidities. But it's worth remembering that injections into the hip joint also have side effects. It is also important to observe two important conditions. The first is no more than three injections in each joint. The second is a break between injections for at least two weeks.
Another method for the treatment of arthrosis is topical preparations. Very many people believe that all kinds of lotions, ointments, compresses are the best means of treating joints. But this is far from the case. The hip joint is located deep under the skin. The likelihood that the substances of the ointment or compress will get to the joint is very, very small. However, the process of rubbing itself is of a favorable nature, often helps to relieve pain, muscle spasm.
Given their individual characteristics, having consulted with specialists, you can choose an effective treatment that will suit you.
Arthrosis of the hip joint of the 1st degree - accompanied by the presence of the pain syndrome
Pain sensations start to appear after a long walk or physical exertion. At this stage, the treatment of arthrosis of the hip joint is to improve the blood supply of the joint, as well as anti-inflammatory and analgesic therapy. Arthrosis of the hip joint of the 2nd degree - characterized by the presence of severe pain, which can occur even with small loads on the joint, for example, the pain appears when getting up from a chair or bed.
Hip arthrosis, which refers to the 2nd degree, is treated in much the same way as the first, the only difference is that because of the appearance of severe pain, the patient may be prescribed pain medications.
Pain relief with pain medication, swelling with warming creams is in any case not the treatment of arthrosis of the knee or hip joint. They all give a momentary effect, and the joint in the meantime continues to collapse. It is necessary for ourselves to understand exactly the stage in which the disease is to make a decision. In the 1-2 stages of arthrosis, regular intake of nutrients and natural anti-inflammatory substances can change the quality of life independently, and in the third stage - prepare for surgery.
A special situation when an elderly woman or a man comes who is not at ease with the heart and anesthesia is not very desirable. A natural course can help reduce the need for taking painkillers.
If after the first month of admission the course becomes easier to live, then the forecast is very favorable. In neglected cases, especially if osteoporosis is layered, you have to wait two months. But if it helps, then a maximum of 2 months will be visible.
Your decision should be responsible: if we take natural remedies, then regularly( in comparison with the recommendations of rheumatologists to drink chondroprotectors for 6 months in a row, our 2 months is just a trifle) or with an operation of arthrosis. To smear with creams and to drink anesthetizing - to delay time.
Important! !!We very carefully approach to work with suppliers and all listed natural means are guaranteed in quality only if they are genuine. So do not try to replace them with similar ones. Many are very rare, but all good is a rarity, not only in philosophical, but also in practical terms.
How to treat arthrosis of the hip joint? It is necessary to take preparations of chondroprotectors. They will help restore cartilaginous tissue and help the joints. In addition to these, the doctor usually prescribes muscle relaxants. They will help to relax the muscle spasms.
Treatment of coxarthrosis, like any other arthrosis, is a lengthy process and involves the reception of various pharmacological drugs, methods of physiotherapy, adherence to a certain diet, exercise exercises.
If there are signs of inflammation in the joint, use non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs( indomethacin, ibuprofen, diclofenac, ketoprofen, meloxicam, nimesulide).These drugs reduce pain, relieve edema and inflammation. They can not be taken for a long time, as anti-inflammatory drugs prevent the natural restoration of cartilage and provoke its further destruction.
If non-steroid drugs do not give the proper effect, or the clinical manifestations are violent, resort to glucocorticosteroid medications. Corticosteroids are administered intra-articularly, their use is limited to one, three weeks.
For relieving the symptoms of muscle spasm, use muscle relaxants, the greatest use have midokalm and sirdalud. However, it should be borne in mind that muscular spasm is a protective reaction of the body, the purpose of which is to prevent further destruction of the joint. If you just remove the spasm of the muscles, instead of improving the condition, the joint will collapse even more rapidly, so the muscle relaxants should be used only in combination with chondroprotectors and joint extension.
Recently, in the treatment of arthrosis, widely used drugs based on hyaluronic acid, it is also called "liquid prosthesis."Hyaluronic acid, when it enters the joint cavity, forms a special protective layer on its surface, which prevents further destruction of the cartilaginous tissue, and friction of the joint surfaces also decreases. In addition, under the action of this substance, the cartilaginous tissue restores its elasticity and the possibility of depreciation. Another plus of hyaluronic acid is a small number of side effects. Apply drugs such as ostenil, synvisc, fermatron, dyuralan. The main disadvantage of this group of drugs, to date, is their high cost.
To improve the penetration of nutrients into the joint and accelerate the metabolism in the joint cavity, prescribe vasodilating drugs( pentoxifylline, cinnarizine).They relax the wall of blood vessels, increase the flow of blood to the joints.
It is possible to stop deforming arthrosis with chondroprotectors - drugs that repair cartilage. Representatives of the group - chondroitin sulfate, glucosamine sulfate. A positive result is achieved after a long treatment period of several months, the effect persists for some time after the end of the drug intake.
Treatment of coxarthrosis is complex, the drugs are supplemented by physiotherapeutic procedures - magnetotherapy, inductothermy, UHF therapy, laser therapy, light therapy.
Various warming ointments - gevkamen, menovazin, nicofleks, finalgon. These ointments help improve blood circulation, when rubbing the ointment into the skin, due to irritation of the skin receptors, endorphins( internal analgesics of the body) are released, thereby reducing pain and partially eliminating spasm of the muscles located near the joint.
To do this, use ointments: - flax seed oil, propolis, turpentine turpentine( 4: 1: 1), based on bone beef fat;- Wax - 10 parts, propolis - 2 parts, poison bee - 0.5 parts, horseradish - 3 parts, based on bone beef fat. These ointments should be alternated, after which I recommend that you additionally treat with pharmacy ointment - Dikul's ointment.- Many people are helped by the tincture of tincture of ficus: fill a bottle of 0.5 liters of ficus, pour vodka and insist for 2 weeks.- In my practice, it was effective to use a liquid ointment consisting of pharmacy bile, formic alcohol, ammonia, glycerin( 10 ml) and 5-6 drops of iodine for rubbing.- In case of joint pain and crunch, sometimes rubbing inner beef fat helps quite well. It is rubbed until one film is left in his hand.- It is even better to take 200 grams of salt, 100 g of dry mustard, add as much kerosene to make a mixture of the consistency of sour cream. The resulting ointment should be rubbed dry at night for sore spots.
At the initial stages of arthrosis of the hip joint, drugs with the treatment of coxarthrosis are highly effective. If the pathological process has gone far and the joint is almost destroyed, then the only effective method of treatment is hip joint endoprosthetics.
Whatever they say, and any disease is easier to treat at the initial stages. That is why it is necessary to begin as early as possible medical treatment of coxarthrosis of the hip joint, when the fractures in the joint are not yet very pronounced.
The main groups of drugs - drugs that are used in coxarthrosis - non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, myorelaxants, vasodilators, chondroprotectors and steroid( hormonal) drugs.
Let's talk about them in more detail.
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs have a strong anti-inflammatory effect, so they effectively eliminate joint pain. The use of these drugs is indicated in the presence of inflammation, swelling and pain. This group of drugs include meloxicam, indomethacin, diclofenac and piroxicam. These drugs are not able to repair articular cartilage, and also have many side effects.
Muscle relaxants are medicines for arthrosis of the hip joint, which can relieve painful muscle spasm. This group of drugs also has a slight improvement on blood circulation in the joints. Muscle relaxants include midocals and sirdalud.
Vasodilators - due to the removal of spasm of small vessels, these drugs improve joint blood flow. The normal blood supply to the joint is relieved to some extent by the pain syndrome. Vasodilators are pentoxifylline, trental, cinnarizine, xanthinal nicotinate.
Chondroprotective drugs - these drugs normalize biochemical processes in the joint itself, promote the restoration of articular cartilage. This group of drugs does not relieve pain in the hip joint.
This is why many patients refer to chondroprotectors with disbelief. For patients, the main criterion for the effectiveness of the drug is pain relief. It should be borne in mind that, despite the very mild analgesic effect, these drugs in the treatment of coxarthrosis actually restore the pathological changes that have occurred in the cartilage, thereby slowing the course of the disease. The most common chondroprotectors are glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate.
Hormonal steroid drugs - they are used as intraarticular injections. The effect of these drugs is achieved with concomitant inflammation of the tendon of the femur. It is allowed not more than 4 injections of hydrocortisone or methylpred, with intervals of 2 weeks between procedures. It should be borne in mind that steroids can have a destructive effect on the hip joint, and apply these drugs only if there are strict indications.
It is impossible to identify any group of drugs that are most effective in coxarthrosis. Which medications for arthrosis of the hip joint will help you how often and for how long they will need to be applied can only be determined by a qualified doctor.
It is not recommended to take these medications on your own, because you can only aggravate the existing pathological changes.
Medical therapy has a lot of tasks: anesthesia, anti-inflammatory effect, improvement of metabolism of articular surfaces.
The following drug groups are used:
non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs( NSAIDs): ibuprofen, diclofenac, meloxicam, indomethacin, etc.; the basic group of drugs in the treatment of various pains in the hip joint, with prolonged use may cause ulceration in the stomach, nephritis or hepatitis;
glucocorticosteroids - prednisolone, methylprednisolone, dexamethasone, etc., have a more powerful anti-inflammatory and analgesic effect, but a lot of undesirable side effects too, must be applied under careful medical supervision;
chondroprotectors( glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate) improve the metabolism of cartilaginous tissue, are used in the initial stages of the disease to restore the affected joint surfaces;the effectiveness of this group of drugs has not been convincingly proved, but behind the backs of their supporters and opponents are visible shadows of pharmaceutical corporations, in any case, these drugs do not bring harm in coxarthrosis.
Can I restore the bones for arthrosis and arthritis?| |medicina-atoll.ru
Can I restore the bones for arthrosis and arthritis?
To the Office of the Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation, the prosecutor's offices of subjects of the Russian Federation conducted large-scale inspections. ..
ArticlesHow to choose a quality growth hormone15.09.2015 In some cases, in order to achieve positive changes in the professional sphere, athletes take growth hormone. Preparations of this. .. 1 ARTHROSIS OF TAZEDED JOINT( COCSARTROSIS)
The disease usually develops after forty years equally often in men and women.
Osteoarthritis can affect both one and both hip joints. But, as a rule, one joint becomes ill, and only then, after a while, the second joins it.
The main symptom of coxarthrosis is pain in the groin, giving down on the anterior and lateral surface of the thigh. Sometimes such painful sensations also spread to the buttock.
Typically, pain spreading over the front and side of the thigh extends down to the middle of the thigh or to the knee. Below the knee, this pain almost never goes down. Only very rarely does the pain reach the middle of the shin, but does not fall to the toes - this is the difference between coxarthrosis pain from pain caused by loin damage( for example, a herniated intervertebral disc).
Pain occurs mainly when walking and when trying to get up from a chair or from a bed. Often it is the very first few steps after. ..00Detailed2
Problems with the condition of bones and cartilage are very often manifested only at a certain age, although there are exceptions. To as long as possible to live in motion without pain, you need to follow all the recommendations of doctors, and compliance with the diet is one of them."The diet for arthritis and arthritis is just as important as the rest of the treatment, limiting the consumption of certain foods will help to remove unpleasant symptoms."
Diet for arthrosis
Arthrosis is an inflammatory process in the cartilaginous joint tissue, which means the pathology of cartilage tissue. Diet for arthrosis is aimed at restoring this tissue in a natural way.
It should be borne in mind that arthrosis most often overtakes people with excess weight, and it can also be and should be regulated by nutrition: there are light, non-caloric meals, to eat fractional.
What can I eat?
Low-fat meat is a necessary product for arthrosis, because it is the meat that contains natural gelatin, which restores cartilaginous tissues and improves. ..003
Contents ofOsteoarthritis: what is it like? The causes of arthrosis and its complications Exercises for this disease Treatment of arthrosis and its nuances Arthrosis in individual cases Do not confuse arthrosis with arthritis! Characteristic signs of arthritis Popular in the network
In life, we have very serious illnesses, some of which are difficult to cure. Therefore, one must always be ready for such moments in which it is necessary to show endurance and perseverance. Such diseases include those that arise in the articular ligaments of the body. They are difficult to fight with, almost impossible to cure, and the most unpleasant - they terribly complicate life. But one should not despair. After all, you can always do something. Detain the disease, relieve the symptoms or prevent it from occurring at all.
But in order to understand how to deal with the witches, it is necessary to be an expert in this person. After all, if you approach the issue incorrectly, you can rather worsen the condition of the patient than help him. ...004
Jun 16, 2014 Stop this process only with the help of a diet will not work - it is necessary At the same time, it is important that the menu had products rich not onlygray, but also selenium. In contrast to arthritis, arthrosis is considered to be a non-inflammatory disease. . 10 stars who do not know how to dress. Clinics Helios - Medigl.ru Helios centrally controls and improves the quality of treatment, intensive general surgery( surgery for thyroid tumors, operations on the elbow, ankle joints, treatment for sports injuries);The Clinic of Women's Diseases Dr. Geisenhofer · The Red Diet Clinic for arthritis is very important, but the correct nutrition, which will be discussed in this article, can surprise you. All you need is
Nutrition for arthrosis and arthritis. What can a certain diet do for rheumatoid arthritis?this reason for the entire period of treatment, nutrition with rheumatoid arthritis is not 130 at 80 pain in the lower back, what should I do? Here the doctor only. ..00Read more5
Is it possible to soar arthritis, arthrosis of knee and elbow joints? Is it possible to steam with arthrosis of the knee joint? How to treat arthrosis of the knee at home. Home treatment for arthrosis of the knee joint should be primarily safe for the patient. Symptoms and treatment of arthritis of the maxillofacial joint. Medications approved for HB - MiniBanda Apr 27, 2015 Medications for breastfeeding When breastfeeding, do not rash, itching, fever, joint pain, proteinuria. Adam's root( tamus) helps. It is better to rub, massage the painful areas and rub your legs every day to the knee, hands to the elbow.
Content of& gt; & gt;Arthrosis - Treatment of arthrosis of the knee joint folk remedies Within the framework of physiotherapy the following results can be achieved: warming procedures reduce morning stiffness, ultrasound produces micromassage of affected tissues, electrostimulation improves nutrition of the joint. The difference between arthrosis and arthritis and their treatment is how long it can be used. .. 00
Knee joint gonarthrosis: treatment of
To date, gonarthrosis is a fairly common pathology of the musculoskeletal system.
Most often, this disease is registered among professional athletes and people who are subjected to frequent physical exertion. The risk group includes those with excessive body weight, metabolic disorders, gout, rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes mellitus, and elderly people.
The basis of gonarthrosis of the knee joint is the pathological changes of the hyaline cartilage, which is thinned and destroyed, so it can not provide sufficient amortization and protection of the joint surfaces from friction during movement.
In addition, with this disease in the soft tissues of the knee, calcium salts can be deposited. This is accompanied by pain, stiffness of movements, and in the future, if not treated - a complete blockade of the knee joint without the ability to move.
How to treat arthrosis of the knee joint?
Since this disorder can cause disability, therapy should be started at the first manifestations of the disease. Medical measures should be aimed at eliminating pain, improving the supply of cartilaginous tissue and restoring it. It is also necessary to improve blood circulation in the area of the aching joint and strengthen the muscles that surround it.
Before the treatment it is necessary to clearly establish a diagnosis, so a doctor's consultation is mandatory. Only after the definition of the etiology of gonarthrosis and elucidation of the mechanisms of its development can an effective therapy be conducted.
Among the drugs that are prescribed most often, the following groups should be distinguished:
- NSAIDs are non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs( diclofenac, ketoprofen, indomethacin, nimulide, butadione).They are prescribed to reduce inflammation and severe pain, which is so intense that it is simply impossible to apply, for example, a massage or physiotherapy. But it should be remembered that anti-inflammatory drugs do not treat, but only mask unpleasant symptoms;
- agents showing a chondroprotective effect( glucosamine, chondroitin sulfate).They restore the structure of the cartilage and help to reduce the symptoms of arthrosis. I must say that chondroprotectors have a positive effect only at the initial stages of pathological changes in the knee joint. They are completely useless in cases where the cartilage has completely collapsed. In addition, these drugs are slow and require systemic application in appropriate doses of two or three courses for 1-1,5 years. Among the most popular chondroprotectors, mention should be made of "Structum" and "Hondrolon";
- ointments and creams for topical use that alleviate the condition of the patient and reduce pain. Often prescribe menopause, gevkamen or nicofleks-cream. These drugs rarely give side effects, improve blood circulation in the joint and give a pleasant sensation of warmth. In cases where gonarthrosis is complicated by synovitis, it is recommended to use ointments, which contain non-steroidal anti-inflammatory substances( butadione ointment, voltaren-gel, fastum).It is worth noting that local application of anti-inflammatory drugs is not always effective, as the skin only allows 7% of the active substance;
- means for applying compresses. With gonarthrosis of the knee joint, dimexide, medical bile, and bischofite are used. A characteristic feature of dimexide is that when applied to the skin it penetrates well through the skin barrier and acts directly on the inflammation focus. It also improves metabolic processes and shows a resorptive effect, which makes this tool effective for arthrosis with concomitant synovitis. Bischofite gives a moderate anti-inflammatory effect, warms and anesthetizes. Bile medical has a resolving effect. It is important to know that local application of medicinal products can not be performed with pustular lesions of the skin;
- is a corticosteroid hormone that is administered intra-articularly. Often appointed kenalog, diprospan or hydrocortisone. These drugs eliminate pain, swelling and swelling of the joint quite quickly, but they do not affect cartilage tissue and blood circulation. In addition, hormonal injections can worsen the condition of those patients who have comorbidities( eg, diabetes, hypertension, obesity, kidney failure, mental and infectious diseases, tuberculosis, peptic ulcer).This is due to the fact that corticosteroids show a systemic effect, so they affect the dynamics of other pathologies;
- hyaluronic acid preparations - form on the diseased joint a film that prevents further destruction of the cartilage, as it reduces friction between the articular surfaces. Cartilage tissue becomes more elastic and elastic, its depreciation properties are restored. Treatment with hyaluronic acid should be conducted by courses.
Therapeutic physical training
There is an opinion that for any type of arthrosis any physical load is contraindicated, but this is not entirely true. For optimal functioning of the joints need strong muscles, so moderate exercise is only good. Positively affects gymnastics, consisting of simple and slow exercises, since the affected joints do not tolerate sudden movements and excessive strain. Good results are given by manual therapy, especially with simultaneous extension and administration of chondroprotectors.
Diet for arthrosis of the knee joint
Patient with gonarthrosis should adhere to a diet. You should change the diet and eat every 4 hours, taking the bulk of the food at lunch time. It is also necessary to limit the use of table salt and abandon semi-finished products, salted fish, chips and mayonnaise. During cooking, it is better to use unrefined oil.
Often in patients with gonarthrosis is overweight, so you should use a diet that would help lose weight, but at the same time provided the body with all the necessary substances. To maximize the correct menu, it is worth consulting with a nutritionist who will take into account the features of arthrosis and other associated pathologies.
To prevent excessive weight gain, it is recommended to eat a lot of fruits and vegetables, because they contain complex carbohydrates, which are slowly absorbed and not stored as fat. From sweet and good food is better to refuse.
To control body weight, it should be remembered:
- any alcoholic beverages stimulate appetite;
- should be eaten in small portions, thoroughly chewing food;
- should be monitored for bowel movement - the stool should be daily.
For proper metabolism, the body should receive a sufficient amount of vitamins and minerals. When gonarthrosis is recommended to use a lot of protein, because it is proteins used to build new tissues and to repair cartilage. Especially useful are dairy products, low-fat varieties of fish and meat, buckwheat porridge and lentils. For better assimilation of proteins, it is recommended to eat boiled, stewed dishes or steamed foods.
Patients with joint damage are useful to include in their diet a cold based on bone broth. It contains a lot of collagen, which is necessary for building cartilage. In addition, food gelatin is useful. It promotes the restoration of cartilaginous tissue, since it contains substances with chondroprotective properties.
It should be noted that even a carefully formulated diet is not able to cure gonarthrosis of the knee joint, but with the observance of the main recommendations, it contributes to overall improvement and improvement of the joint condition.
When conservative treatment of gonarthrosis, patients with walking are advised to use a cane. This reduces the load on the affected joint by 40%.It is important to pick up the growth, it is also desirable that it has a rubber nozzle that provides cushioning and prevents slipping.
When the destruction of the cartilaginous tissue is expressed, an operation is performed in which the patient's joint is replaced with an endoprosthesis.
Treatment with folk remedies
In folk medicine, dandelion is often used. It is recommended in May to collect on a daily basis 5 leaves of this plant, pour them with boiled water and chew without swallowing.
For the treatment of joint diseases it is also useful to use infusion of leaves and stems of Jerusalem artichoke. To make it, you need to take 1.5 kilograms of the plant, chop and pour 8 liters of boiling water. When it cools down a little, lower the affected area into the prepared liquid for 30 minutes. Repeat the procedure for 10 days.
The following tool is effective.3 lemons, 120 g of garlic and 250 g of celery root should be twisted in a meat grinder, mix everything well, put in a three-liter jar and pour boiling water, then wrap and insist 12 hours. Take the drug first 70 ml in the morning, and then - three times a day.
With gonarthrosis, a positive effect is obtained by compressing honey( 1 tbsp) and apple cider vinegar( 3 tbsp).The ingredients are mixed, applied to the joint, a leaf of cabbage is applied from above, then cellophane, well wrapped and worn until completely dry.
Treatment with folk remedies should be long( several months) and carried out seasonally with exacerbations of the disease.