Unco-vertebral arthrosis of the cervical spine

Features of unco-vertebral arthrosis of the cervical spine

Unco-vertebral arthrosis of the cervical spine is a degenerative-dystrophic lesion of one or several intervertebral discs and / or facet joints. And this can contribute to the development of pathological changes in the anatomical structure of the transverse canal, which often leads to compression or displacement of the vascular-neural bundles in it( sympathetic trunk, vertebral vein and artery).

Causes of development of unco-vertebral arthrosis of the cervical department

At present, many conditions and human diseases are known, the presence of which to some extent contributes to the occurrence of cervical arthrosis. They are divided into purchased and congenital.

Among the congenital pathologies, it should be noted anomalies of the development of the cervical spine segment, especially in the I-II region of the cervical vertebra. An example is the occipitalization of the atlant( or the Aulenic syndrome).

Of all the acquired diseases that promote the development of cervical arthrosis, experts most often refer to:

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  • Injuries of the cervical spine segment;
  • Flat-footed;
  • Dislocation of the head of the hip;
  • Consequences of poliomyelitis.

Also important in the development of unco-vertebral arthrosis of the cervical spine have such factors as:

  • Excess weight;
  • Hypodinamia( or sedentary lifestyle);
  • Unregulated physical activity, including constant weight lifting, etc.

Mechanism of development of the disease

The disease affects primarily the intervertebral disc. It is a kind of elastic "padding" consisting of cartilaginous tissue between adjacent vertebrae. Which absorbs with various movements, thereby protecting against possible damage passing nearby vertebral nerves, vessels and even muscles.

Along with the progression of the disease, the intervertebral cartilaginous tissue also becomes thinner. It gradually loses fluid, and as a result, its elasticity, which is so necessary for normal operation, also decreases. Simultaneously, special bony growths, or osteophytes, begin to develop on the cervical vertebrae. And the latter grow on closely spaced vertebrae and are directed towards each other. And in addition to this, the ligaments of the cervical spine segment also begin to lose elasticity and strength, due to the increasing calcification.

After the intervertebral disc becomes less elastic, it gradually begins to protrude in the posterior and forward directions, while squeezing the ligaments and other nearby tissues that restrict it. And this always leads to the development of the corresponding symptomatology of the disease. In the first place - this incessant pain in the neck.

Symptoms of uncovertebral arthrosis of the cervical spine

One of the earliest signs of the disease is pain in the neck. Moreover, it is almost always local( it occurs exactly where the "problem cervical vertebra" is) and very strong.

This symptom is due to the fact that the intervertebral discs pushing forward and back strongly press on the surrounding ligaments, which, in turn, are rich in nerve endings. In addition, the muscles in this area are constantly reflexively tensed and remain in this state for a long time, and this greatly affects the ability to produce free movement of the neck.

At the beginning of the disease, the pains are periodic and provoked by any sharp neck movements( slopes, turns) and excessive lifting of gravity.

It should be immediately said that by applying to the doctor at this stage of the disease, a person can very quickly( 1-2 weeks) eliminate the violations that have appeared. If you neglect treatment, the disease will continue to progress.

In the future, the disease manifests itself in the emergence of instability in the cervical segment of the spine. This is indicated by the increasing incidence of subluxation of the joints between the arcuate processes. In addition, if a person is a long time in one position, the pain begins to increase. That is why patients with this disease try to change their position often enough to somehow mitigate the growing pain. In this they are also well helped by therapeutic walking and gymnastics.

Pain can subside both spontaneously and after manual therapy. Moreover, the cessation and restoration of the habitual operation of the joint is accompanied by a specific click in the area of ​​the joint itself.

Another bright sign of the patient's cervical arthrosis is a strong crunch, which is observed when extending, bending and turning the neck.

You can also read:
Dizziness in the neck chondrosis

In addition, arthrosis of unco-vertebral articulations can cause the following symptoms:

  • Sensation of weakness and instability;
  • Dizziness;
  • Headaches;
  • Visual impairment;
  • Horse racing;
  • Chest pain.

This is due to the fact that the protrusion of the intervertebral disc becomes more pronounced. And the resulting hernia squeeze the nearby blood vessels and nerve roots.

Diagnosis of the disease

In order to correctly establish the diagnosis of "unco-vertebral arthrosis of the cervical region," the doctor should carefully examine the patient. From this he draws conclusions about the nature of the disease, the causes of its occurrence and the frequency of manifestations. Also, the doctor finds the most painful points in the region of the cervical segment( which tells him about the localization of pathological muscle spasms).

However, the main methods of diagnosing the disease are all possible imaging methods: MRI and X-ray of the cervical spine. They allow the specialist to verify the presence of osteophytes in the vertebrae( beak-shaped outgrowths) and signs of damage to the blood vessels and ligaments in the problem area.

Treatment of unco-vertebral arthrosis

Treatment of this disease is most often performed on an outpatient basis. The main goal is the removal of pain and the provision of muscle rest in the problem areas of the neck. This is especially true of the stage of exacerbation of the disease.

The following methods are used for treatment:

  • Reduction of motor activity. To this end, the shantz collar is fixed, fixing the neck and reducing the load on the cervical vertebrae and nearby muscles;
  • Drugs for pain and muscle cramps. For the removal of pain most commonly used NSAIDs( naproxen, diclofenac, celecoxib, nimesul).With strong local muscle spasms, the intake of muscle relaxants( sirdalud, etc.) is recommended;
  • Improve blood flow in the damaged area. To do this, use medicines such as curantyl, actovegin, prodectin or pentoxifellin;
  • Drugs that accelerate the recovery of cartilage tissue, or chondroprotectors. The main active substances in them are chondroitin sulfate and glucosamine.
  • Physiotherapy. Among them, the most effective are:
    • Magneto-therapy;
    • Electrophoresis and phonophoresis with novocaine or lidocaine;
    • Amplipulse therapy;
    • Sine-wave modulated currents.

At the stage of remission( if there is no pain syndrome) doctors recommend acupuncture and therapeutic gymnastics.

MoyaSpina.ru

Unco-vertebral arthrosis of the cervical spine: symptoms and treatment

Deforming or unco-vertebral arthrosis of the cervical spine is a lesion of the joints of the spine and intervertebral discs, in which there are bony outgrowths on the cervical vertebrae. From Latin, unco-vertebral means: the formation is like a hook + vertebra.

Many of us who feel pain and an unpleasant crunch when turning the head, can have this pathology. Let's see how dangerous it is and whether it can be treated.

Causes of unco-vertebral arthrosis

The causes that cause the disease can be conditionally divided into congenital and acquired. Congenital pathologies include anomalies in the development of cervical vertebrae. Among the acquired causes, the most common injuries are the cervical spine and the effects of flat feet.

A sedentary lifestyle and overweight can provoke a disease. And this affects most urban residents. But the rest of the population may be at risk, because weight lifting and unregulated physical activity can also cause disease.
What changes occur in the affected spine? In unco-vertebral arthrosis, the intervertebral disc is affected. Its cartilaginous tissue plays the role of a cushioning "padding" between the vertebrae. It protects the intervertebral nerves and vessels from damage. During the disease, the cartilaginous disc loses its fluid, becomes thin and less elastic. As a result, he can not perform his functions to the fullest, bulges out and squeezes nearby tissues, causing painful symptoms.

In addition, on the cervical vertebrae begin to appear osteophytes - acute spines from bone tissue. They grow towards each other and injure sensitive ligaments of the spine.

Symptoms and signs of

The main symptoms of development of arthrosis of univervertebral joints * are:

* Uncovertebral joints are joints( neoarthroses) forming between the hook-shaped processes of the cervical vertebrae and the base of the arch and / or the body of the overlying vertebra. Normally do not exist, are formed as a result of a decrease in the height of intervertebral discs.

  • Severe pain in the area of ​​the affected vertebra that is provoked by abrupt movements
  • Subluxation of joints between arcuate processes that serve to connect two adjacent vertebrae
  • Soreness that increases with prolonged exposure in one posture
  • Severe crunch when turning the neck
  • Dizziness
  • Blood pressure changes
  • Headpain

If you have these symptoms, you need an urgent examination with a neurologist or orthopedic vertebrologist. In the initial stages, this disease can be overcome. In later stages, treatment can only bring temporary relief.

Methods of treatment

Treatment of unco-vertebral arthrosis is performed on an outpatient basis and is aimed at the removal of pain and muscle spasm. When the disease worsens, the use of an orthopedic collar is necessary. It will help reduce the burden on the cervical vertebrae.

Medications for the treatment of

  1. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for pain and inflammation( diclofenac, nimesulide)

  2. Muscle relaxants for relaxing muscular tension( sirdalud)

  3. To improve blood circulation and microcirculation in affected areas, the use of actovegin, curantyl

  4. Chondroprotectors - drugs supplying cartilage cells necessary substancesto restore them. These medicines allow you to suspend the course of the disease and slow the destruction of intervertebral discs

The treatment regimen and dosage of medications are prescribed individually after careful examination of the patient.

Physiotherapy methods

Physiotherapy has a good analgesic and anti-inflammatory effect, helps to eliminate unpleasant symptoms. The following 3 methods are the most effective and will really help to overcome uncoovertebral arthrosis:

  • magnetotherapy - relieves pain, inflammation and edema in the affected area with a magnetic field.
  • sinusoidal modulated currents( amplipulse therapy) - Amplipulse apparatus that helps to get rid of painhelp modulated currents of different directions and frequency
  • phonophoresis with a solution of novocaine or lidocaine - the administration of an anesthetic drug to the patient site with the help of ultrasound

Manual therapyI

Massages are a very effective method. In combination with curative gymnastics and acupuncture, the health effect improves significantly. However, it must be remembered that the course is conducted during remission( without exacerbation of symptoms) - when there are no severe pains.

Absolute contraindication to the massage is the loss of the herniated intervertebral disc. This disease can be a complication of spinal arthrosis. Therefore, before proceeding to treatment, it is necessary to consult a specialist.

Remember that a timely visit to the doctor will help you to stay healthy. Only an experienced specialist can choose a complex treatment that will help to eliminate all unpleasant symptoms and will lead a full life.

SustavZdorov.ru

Treatment of arthrosis of the cervical spine

Cervical osteochondrosis - we have already encountered this disease many times, and its severity was felt to the full, as this problem goes far beyond the cervical region. Sometimes the symptoms of the disease resemble diseases of the brain and cardiovascular system, and at critical moments can even lead to a stroke. And this greatly complicates the treatment. Now it is time to deal with another type of this disease.

This is arthrosis of the cervical department of .In fact, osteochondrosis and arthrosis are one and the same disease, the avid essence of which is to devour our joints. Just the concept of " arthrosis " is applicable to all joints of the human skeleton, and " osteochondrosis " - to the spine. To be precise to the end - osteochondrosis specializes allegedly only on the intervertebral discs( original elastic cartilaginous pads between the vertebrae), leaving the facet joints of the spine to its fellow arthrosis.

In reality, of course, both processes go simultaneously( arthrosis may be somewhat delayed, since the joints are more adapted to the load), and if the cartilage in the body is destroyed due to internal causes, then all cartilages everywhere will be destroyed - both discs and joints.

Causes of cervical atrophy: trauma, hereditary factors, congenital dysplasia, inflammatory and infectious processes

Osteoarthritis of the cervical spine

Internal causes can be different:

  • Hereditary mutations resulting in deficiency of collagen
  • Congenital articular dysplasia , for example, fusion of the vertebra atlantawith skull
  • Systemic inflammatory processes ( rheumatoid arthritis, Bechterew's disease)
  • Specific infections ( venereal diseases,tamphilococcus), etc.
  • CNS diseases ( eg, poliomyelitis)
  • Age and hormonal changes of leading to osteoporotic phenomena

The most common external factors of cervical arthrosis:

  • Cervical spine injuries:
    subluxations and fractures of cervical vertebrae
  • Elevated loadsand excessive overstrain of the neck

In the event of injury, an intervertebral disc or vertebral joint may be damaged. This severe damage is not enough that it is seriously treated - it can lead to consequences even after a few years. When diagnosing posttraumatic complications, the concepts "osteochondrosis" and "arthrosis" are differentiated, since their localization is clearly expressed.

What happens with cervical spinal arthrosis

Cervical cartilage breakdown and osteophyte formation occur in cervical arthrosis

When examining an X-ray, the following symptoms are seen that indicate the development of the disease:

  • Dying and cartilage destruction
  • Calculation at the site of cracks and osteophyte formation
  • Joint bone deformationand articular capsules
  • Reduction of joint fluid
  • Shortening and carotid ligation of

Symptoms of developing cervical arthrosis

  1. Severe pain in the neck, especially after a dream, mostly on one side
  2. Pain symptoms also appear
    • after a long position in the same
    • posture after increased activity and loads of
    • with pressure on the aching vertebra
  3. Increased pain when tilting and turning the head
  4. Impossibility of full amplitude of movements, for example, when trying to:
    • get chin breasts
    • to turn the head back, etc.
  5. At rest the pain usually abates, but as the development progresses, bolIt becomes a chronic
  6. . When the neck moves, a typical click of the
  7. appears. The vertebrae look larger, they are probed by the projections

. Uncovertebral arthrosis of the cervical region

The proximity of the cervical vertebrae to each other and the narrowness of the cervical region make arthrosis a dangerous disease:
Osteophytes begin to touch ligaments, nerve endingsand blood vessels( the vertebral arteries pass through the cervical spine)

An unconvertebral arthrosis of the cervical spine may occur. This is a form of the usual, complicated by root-like symptoms, which we observe in osteochondrosis or hernia. Only in this case, when the nerve is trapped by the osteophytes, they are even more acute. This is in the literal sense, since the sharp edges of the spines can damage the nerve or vessel.

With uncoverturable arthrosis, nerve entrapment and radicular syndromes occur

Symptoms of unco-vertebral arthrosis

  1. Severe pain in neck and head that can not even move
  2. Neuralgic symptoms:
    • Pain is given to the shoulder region and hands
    • Numbness of the face, fingertips
  3. Phenesthesia phenomena in the occipital, humeroscapular areas, limbs
  4. Spinal artery syndrome
    • lumbago in the head
    • dizziness, fraught with loss of consciousness
    • high blood pressure
    • Brain ischemia and stroke

Unexpected causes of cervical arthrosis

Arthrosis of the cervical region can be read on an X-ray, but it does not appear for a long time.

To provoke it, in addition to the above factors, there can be absolutely unexpected, seemingly, factors:

  • Flat-foot
  • Pathology of the sacroiliac joint

It would seem that the common between these defects and the cervical region?

The spine is a single mechanism with its biomechanics. If somewhere some link is broken, then in the general biomechanical chain, the

fails. A man with a flatfoot and a hamstring moves completely differently:

  • There is an asymmetry not only of the spine, but also the muscular tension
  • There are pains and inflammatoryprocesses in the joints

The clock in a time bomb called "arthrosis" begins to tick.

Treatment of this pathology is therefore futile, that it begins to be treated according to the standard scheme without eradicating the main cause.

Treatment of cervical arthrosis

It is treated as well as in general arthrosis of the spine.

  1. Treatment is preceded by the diagnosis in which
    • X-rays are performed to identify a patient vertebra
    • for a more detailed study - CT or MRI
    • angiography of blood vessels
  2. Then a conservative treatment plan is outlined:
    • Anesthetic with NSAIDs
    • Withdrawal of muscle spasms and release of pinched nerves:
      • apply muscle relaxants
      • manual therapy
      • massage, etc.
    • Restoration of damaged cartilages with chondroprotectors
    • Physiotherapye procedure
  3. Surgical treatment is used for unco-vertebral arthrosis with the risk of vertebral artery syndrome. The essence of it is to remove the damaged joint and replace it with an

  4. endoprosthesis. During the recovery phase, exercise therapy is prescribed and spa treatment for
  5. can be suggested. It is very important to eat correctly with this diagnosis: the products must contain collagen and the necessary vitamins

Special recommendations for cervical arthrosis

  • Since it is very importantmaintaining the correct posture during sleep, it is advisable to sleep on the orthopedic pillow
  • Also prescribed for unloading and fixing the neck during exacerbations wear collarsto Shants, or any other cervical corset of the semi-rigid type

Arthrosis of the cervical spine is a complex disease, so treatment is also not easy and long-lasting.

Health to you and patience!

Video: Exercises for the cervical department

ZaSpiny.ru

Unco-vertebral arthrosis of the cervical spine is a chronic degenerative-dystrophic disease. It affects the arcuate joints that connect the processes of the vertebrae on the posterolateral surfaces of the cervical region. The disease is accompanied by neurological symptoms due to the infringement of nerve structures by bone growths.

Causes of uncoarthrosis of the cervical department of

Most often, unco-vertebral arthrosis develops due to the following reasons:

  • severe physical exertion( especially weight transfer on the shoulders);
  • professional sport,
  • spine trauma( mainly in the cervical spine),
  • overweight,
  • sedentary lifestyle( "sedentary work" leads to an increase in the neck load);
  • disorders in the structure of the vertebrae of the cervical region( congenital anomalies cause an incorrect articulation of the vertebrae of the neck, which makes the load uneven);
  • diseases characterized by impaired metabolism( endocrine diseases, including inflammation, insufficient or excessive thyroid function).

Pathogenesis of Uncoarthrosis

The immediate cause of unco-vertebral arthrosis is an inadequate supply of articular cartilages, which are represented by intervertebral discs. The support functions of the spine as a result of the thinning of the discs gradually decrease. As an adaptive reaction on the vertebrae, bony growths appear, they to some extent take on a part of the load. But osteophytes change the normal arrangement of nerves and blood vessels, as a result of which these structures can be restrained.

Symptoms of Uncoarthrosis

The initial stage of the disease can occur almost asymptomatically. Minor pain at the end of the day, patients usually write off for fatigue. Severe pain is rare, only with sharp or awkward turns of the head. Unco-vertebral arthrosis of the cervical spine is characterized by steady progression, especially if treatment is not initiated in the early stages. In the future, a person begins to feel pain in the neck already under normal load or as a result of changes in the weather( dampness, rain, snow, etc.).The exacerbation of the disease is most often manifested in the autumn or spring time.

Symptoms of uncoarthrosis is not only a pain syndrome. The main difference between the disease and other forms of osteochondrosis( chondrosis) is a neurological symptomatology. The patient can make the following complaints:

  • numbness, tingling and loss of sensation in the hands;
  • stably increased blood pressure, which is poorly removed by antihypertensive drugs;
  • recurrent nausea( especially at the time of high blood pressure);
  • headache right up to migraine;
  • pain along the nerves( from the elbow to the little finger);
  • marked decrease in mobility in the neck( the patient has to turn around with his whole body).

Other characteristic signs of arthrosis of unco-vertebral articulations include shakiness of gait and imbalance.

Diagnosis of the disease

To begin with, the doctor interrogates and examines the patient to identify the objective symptoms of cervical uncoarthrosis. Then, to clarify the diagnosis, laboratory and instrumental studies are assigned. Radiography is the most important for unco-vertebral arthrosis. In rare cases, use magnetic resonance imaging or computed tomography. Usually, the pathological process is detected in the region of C3-C7 vertebrae. Between them there are processes, where the joints are formed.

Treatment of unco-vertebral arthrosis

Treatment of this disease includes the following components:

TvoyPozvonok.ru

Uncovertebral arthrosis of the cervical spine

  • Prophylaxis

Neck pain, dizziness, sensation of muscle stiffness - these symptoms may indicate that osteochondrosis and unco-vertebral arthrosis of the cervical region is formingthe spine. Absence of treatment of this pathology can lead to a serious complication in the form of compression of the vertebral artery with impaired blood flow to the brain.

What is unccovertebral arthrosis?

Normally, the vertebrae of the neck are interconnected by intervertebral discs and arcuate joints.

The majority of people after 20 years of age additionally there is formation of unco-vertebral articulations of the cervical region, they are also called arthrosis of the Lushka - articular formations between the lateral surface of the overlying vertebra and the semilunar protrusion of the vertebra located below.

They are adjacent to the fibrous ring of the intervertebral joint and the intervertebral foramen. Unco-vertebral arthrosis is diagnosed at the level of cervical vertebrae C3-C7.

According to some specialists vertebrologists, the joints of Lushka represent a certain adaptive mechanism that increases the volume of movements of the cervical spine. However, in the presence of factors provoking degenerative changes in the cartilaginous tissue, uncovertebral arthrosis with bone osteophytes and restriction of the mobility of the spine can form. Especially dangerous are such formations at the level of C5-C6, because in this area the vertebral artery passes in a narrow bone channel and is easily subjected to compression.

Why does the disease occur?

The causes of arthrosis of unco-vertebral joints of the cervical region can be conditionally divided into congenital and acquired. To innate reasons include the presence of anomalies of the development of the cervical region, for example, the pathology of the atlant.

Other provoking factors may be:

  1. Cervical injuries, including sports;
  2. Lack of adequate physical activity;
  3. Overexertion of the neck muscles during sedentary work;
  4. Adverse environmental factors.

What are the symptoms of pathology?

Signs of the formation of Lushka's arthrosis are unstable pain in the neck with a prolonged static load, a sense of "crunching" when turning the head, tension or soreness of the muscles of the cervical collar zone.

These symptoms can periodically increase, after a rest they disappear on their own. Radiologically, this pathology is most often determined at the levels of C4-C6.

Especially dangerous is the progression of the disease with the formation of pronounced uncoovertebral arthrosis and narrowing of the canal of the vertebral artery.

Because of the irritation of the sympathetic plexus located here and the compression of the artery feeding the posterior parts of the brain, characteristic symptoms can appear:

  1. The appearance of a headache in one half of the head( hemicranium).Pain sensations are localized in the occipital-temporal region with spreading to the forehead. The pulsing character of cephalalgia is most often noted.
  2. Vestibular disorders. There may be dizziness worse when the head turns, noise or a feeling of stuffiness in the ears.
  3. Spotting disorders. Characteristic of flashes of sparks or bright dots in front of the eyes, the appearance of dark spots.such symptoms can be amplified by sharp turns or inclinations of the head.
  4. Vegetative disorders. There are feelings of heat in the body, excessive sweating, cold extremities. These symptoms are usually accompanied by a headache or dizziness.
  5. With significant compression of the vertebral artery, drop-attacks may occur, attacks of sudden falling without losing consciousness.

The appearance of these symptoms requires the obligatory consultation of a vertebrologist because such a condition can cause compression of the vertebral artery and cerebrovascular disorders. Only timely treatment will avoid serious complications of the disease

Therapy of unco-vertebral arthrosis

Successful treatment of such pathology as unco-vertebral arthrosis of the cervical region largely depends on the efforts of the patient himself. First of all, it is necessary to revise the motor load, in the presence of hypodynamia, regular physical training should begin. An important point is to observe the correct sleep regimen. The cushion should not be too high and stiff.

Conservative therapy must necessarily be comprehensive and include not only medication, but also exercise therapy, massage, physiotherapy, in the absence of contraindications for manual therapy.

If there are symptoms of exacerbation of the disease with pain and muscular-tonic syndrome, the doctor may recommend the following groups of medications:

  1. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs( NSAIDs).It is good to eliminate pain, as well as inflammation in the zone of unco-vertebral arthrosis.
  2. Muscle relaxants. Relieve excessive tension of the muscles of the neck, restore the volume of movements of the cervical spine.
  3. Chondroprotectors. They contribute to the restoration of the structure of the cartilaginous tissue of the joints.
  4. Vitamins of group B. Improve the reparative processes in articular structures, contribute to the reduction of pain.
  5. Means improving cerebral circulation. They are indicated in the presence of compression symptoms of the vertebral artery.

Prevention of

The main means of prevention is observance of motor activity. During sports, avoid sharp turns of the head and neck injuries. People whose work is associated with prolonged sitting, are recommended courses of preventive neck massage.

Some patients are interested in the question: are the disability group given in diagnosed unco-vertebral arthrosis?

The question of the disability group can arise only in the case of a significant compression of the vertebral artery with consequent complications: a violation of cerebral circulation, the presence of drop-attacks or pronounced vestibular syndrome.

ohondroze.ru

Uncovertebral arthrosis of the cervical spine

Unco-vertebral arthrosis of the cervical spine is the deformation of the cartilages with the additional formation of joints on the posterior surfaces of the cervical vertebrae. Because of this, a person may have various neurological diseases and pain.

Contents:

  • Unco-vertebral arthrosis: treatment

Causes of the development of the disease

This disease can be caused by heavy physical work with uneven load of gravity, abnormal lifestyle( sedentary work, low physical activity), overweight, various pathologies of spine development and bone disease( osteoporosis).Constant pressure on the cartilage and joints leads to their wear and tear, and as a result develops unco-vertebral arthrosis of the cervical vertebrae. Breaking the thyroid gland can also provoke the disease.

There is a considerable number of concomitant diseases, the presence of which contributes to the development of cervical arthrosis. They are divided into congenital and acquired. Congenital pathologies include incorrect development of the cervical spine. As a rule, unco-vertebral arthrosis is caused by abnormalities I or II of the vertebra. Acquired diseases, involving the defeat of the cervical region, are considered spinal injuries, flat feet, hip injuries, poliomyelitis.

Clinical picture

First of all, the intervertebral disc is damaged. Then the cartilaginous tissue is thinned, as a result of which its elasticity decreases and normal functioning is disrupted. At the same time, osteophytes grow toward each other on the vertebrae, between which the intervertebral distance is thinned. This leads to loss of elasticity of the cervical ligament. The affected intervertebral disk begins to protrude, thereby squeezing nearby ligaments and other tissues, including the nerve sprouts. All this leads to the appearance of the first signs of the disease.

The first symptom of arthrosis is a specific crunch when flexing-extending the joints. Later, pain is added during physical exertion, and in the future painful feelings will accompany the patient and at rest.

The development of unco-vertebral arthrosis is also evidenced by:

- instability, sensation of shakiness;

- frequent dizziness or headache;

- sharp decrease in visual acuity;

- sharp jumps in blood pressure.

The appearance of these symptoms is provoked by squeezing blood vessels located in the area of ​​the lesion, thereby worsening blood supply to the brain.

Diagnosis of the disease

X-rays are used to diagnose unco-vertebral arthrosis. He gives a complete picture of the condition of the cervical vertebrae. If during the examination the cervical vertebrae look enlarged, the doctor confidently diagnoses unco-vertebral arthrosis.

Magnetic resonance tomography also makes it possible to visualize the presence of osteophytes in the cervical vertebrae, which in the image have a beak-like shape. With the help of MRI also affect the ligaments and blood vessels.

Unco-vertebral arthrosis: treatment of

Several methods of therapy are used in the treatment of unco-vertebral arthrosis of the cervical spine: medication, ultrasound, massage, electrophoresis, thermal applications, therapeutic exercise. With the help of medications, doctors relieve pain and inflammation. A good effect is the use of hormonal drugs. In special cases, the patient is shown sanatorium treatment.

First of all, it is necessary to reduce the motor activity of the patient's neck, for which use the collar of Shantz. Stress relief from the cervical region helps to eliminate severe pain.

Drug therapy consists of a complex of drugs that:

  • reduce pain and relieve muscle spasm;
  • improve blood flow, which is important for restoring normal blood circulation in the damaged area and eliminating headaches;
  • stimulates the growth of cartilaginous tissue. Active components of chondroprotectors are glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate.

Physiotherapeutic procedures play an important role. The greatest effect can be achieved by conducting sessions of magnetotherapy, electrophoresis and the use of sinusoidal modulated currents.

Reflexotherapy( acupuncture), as well as physiotherapy exercises, are possible only in the absence of pain syndrome, that is, during remission.

Surgical treatment is used only in particularly severe cases.

Is it possible to treat unco-vertebral arthrosis? This is completely dependent on the patient's actions, because if you seek help from a specialist in time, visit all the prescribed procedures and follow all the prescriptions accurately, you can achieve pain relief and, in the future, complete restoration of the cartilaginous tissue.

VekZhivu.com

Uncovertebral arthrosis of the cervical spine

Unco-vertebral arthrosis of the cervical spine is understood by doctors as the development of deforming processes, which primarily affect the joints located next to the vertebrae.

After its onset, the disease quickly makes itself felt by a number of unpleasant symptoms, among which prominent shoulder and neck neuritis are highlighted, as well as a number of neurological manifestations that allow an experienced doctor to a neuropathologist or vertebrologist to establish a diagnosis already at the first visit of the patient.

The most characteristic sign of the onset of uncoarthrosis is acute pain syndrome, which prevents the implementation of such habitual movements as head tilts and turns, hand movements and so on. Against this background, there is a weakening of the muscles, which can no longer work with full efficiency.(See also: symptoms of cervical spine arthrosis).

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Pain, both sharp and aching, passed in most subjects within 1-3 days after the beginning of the use of patches. More than 70% of those participating in the studies have developed significant shifts in the treatment of chronic diseases of the spine and joints.

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Another sign of pathology is a disruption in the coordination of movements. It is difficult for a patient to maintain a smooth gait, to perform precise movements with his hands and feet. The patient may also suffer severe headaches, dizziness and permanently present high blood pressure, which in itself becomes the cause of many dangerous consequences.

The main causes of uncoarthrosis

Usually the development of pathology in the cervical spine is due to one or more of the following reasons.

  1. Heavy physical labor associated with lifting and carrying weights, the need for long to maintain an uncomfortable static position and so on.
  2. Large body weight leads to the fact that 9 out of 10 obese people with significant deposits of "fat" in the neck and shoulder region develop uncoarthrosis.
  3. Failures in the functioning of the thyroid gland, which leads to a violation of the hormonal background.
  4. Disturbance of nutritional exchange of body cells.
  5. Development of inflammatory processes in the joints.
  6. Postponed trauma to cervical vertebrae.

As can be seen, the pathogenic factors listed above are similar to the causes of any osteoarthrosis. Quite often, the disease manifests itself in professional athletes, movers, office workers, the specificity of which leads to a constant overstrain of the neck muscles and increased stress on the cervical vertebrae. In general, you need to remember that high loads always negatively affect human health and work in an atmosphere of increased pressure on the joints of the spine will inevitably lead to a rapid aging of the cartilaginous joints.

Of possible problems, uncoarthrosis is one of the most dangerous, as in the course of its development additional bone growths are formed on the back of the cervical vertebrae, and this is instantly displayed in a negative way on the health of a person who develops various neuritis.

Because of what the changes in the vertebrae of

occur The main factor that leads to pathological changes in the cervical vertebrae is a failure in the normal nutritional exchange of bone and cartilaginous tissues. If we consider only uncoarthrosis, then there is a disruption in the nutrition of the cartilaginous joints, which causes their weakening. This provokes the activation of protective functions of the body and it begins to build up bone growths to compensate for the burden on the intervertebral discs.

Usually, to prevent such problems, it is enough to lead a mobile lifestyle, a lot is in the open air and watch your weight. It should not be forgotten that excessive stress on the joints can be as harmful as its lack, so all physical exercises should be strictly dosed.(Learn more about deforming arthrosis of the cervical spine).

Symptoms of unco-vertebral arthrosis

The initial stage of the disease usually does not have pronounced symptoms, which allows it to go undetected into a more serious form. Therefore, each person should keep track of his state of health in order to notice any violations and immediately consult a doctor. So, uncoarthrosis can manifest as a sharp but quickly passing pain during lifting of heavy objects or a sharp turn of the head.

Such manifestations are usually ignored, as a person does not give them proper value and expects that "it will pass by itself".In fact, it is at such moments that you should already visit a doctor who should conduct a survey and establish a diagnosis. If the initial stage of uncoarthrosis is detected, it can be easily slowed down and stopped without allowing major changes.

Postponing a trip to a doctor will lead to the development of the disease and then its symptoms will no longer be so harmless. First, the cervical department will show a strong painful reaction to any load, then the pain will outgrow from periodic to permanent and eliminate it will become very difficult. The body will react poorly to dampness, drafts, causing a significant increase in the pain syndrome. In a state of rest, acute painful sensations will turn into dull and aching. They will greatly interfere with normal life, not allowing even a good sleep, which in time will lead to serious neurological manifestations.

Further development will cause the inability to rotate the neck, the appearance of nausea and dizziness.

How to treat

To cure the disease, specialists usually apply several wellness techniques, which in complex will affect the causes of unco-vertebral arthrosis and its consequences. A great arsenal of useful ways to combat this problem is offered by physiotherapy:

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