Exacerbation of osteochondrosis symptoms

Symptoms of exacerbation of cervical osteochondrosis

Recently there has been an increase in the number of patients with spinal problems. Osteochondrosis is a disease of the spine, characterized by a disruption in the structure of the intervertebral discs. And any part of the spine is affected. Symptoms of exacerbation of cervical osteochondrosis are painful sensations in the neck during head turning, headache, vision problems, sometimes pain in the shoulders, under the shoulder blades and numbness of the hands. At some point, the human body restores the damaged areas on its own, but one day there comes a time when compensating the thinned discs is no longer possible, this is an exacerbation of the osteochondrosis of the cervical region.

Symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis

Symptoms of exacerbation should not be confused with symptoms. Headaches do not always indicate the presence of an osteochondrosis of the cervical region. The cause of the headache can be stress, hard work. In fact, the symptomatology of the disease is different depending on the site that is affected.

In order to treat the exacerbation of cervical osteochondrosis as efficiently as possible, it is necessary to clearly understand with which syndrome we are dealing:

Symptoms of exacerbation of cervical osteochondrosis
  • Cardiac syndrome is very similar to angina. The occurrence of such a syndrome is associated with irritation of the roots of the large muscle of the breast. The patient for a long time feels paroxysmal pain, which becomes especially severe during coughing, sneezing or sudden head movements.
  • Irritative reflex syndrome is characterized by acute painful sensations in the back and neck, usually patients say they feel burning. Such painful sensations make themselves felt usually in the morning after a night rest, during sneezing or sudden head movements. Pain can appear in the shoulders, forearms and chest.
  • Radicular syndrome occurs if the nerve of the cervical region is jammed. Painful sensations cover the area from the neck down to the shoulder blades and in the hands to the very toes. Sometimes there are tingling or crawling.
  • The vertebral artery syndrome is characterized usually by the fact that the patient has a headache, it seems as if he is pulsating or burning from the inside. Painful sensations extend to the occipital and brow region, whiskey, temechko. It becomes much stronger after excessive motor activity, as well as a long stay in one position. Such patients complain of hearing impairment, nausea, visual impairment. In rare cases, patients lose consciousness.

How to recognize an exacerbation of the disease?

Symptoms of exacerbation of cervical osteochondrosis can manifest themselves in different ways:

  1. Severe neck pains affecting the occiput, extending between the shoulder blades and the upper back. Basically, it occurs in the morning after awakening. The pain becomes stronger during movement, a sigh, a cough and laughter. This discomfort makes a person in a certain position. The person intuitively tries less to move arms and shoulders, and also deeply to inhale and exhale air. Often during an exacerbation patients complain of pain under the right rib, therefore it is confused with a heart attack, diseases of the digestive system. The head during the exacerbation is sore for a long time, there are dizziness, a drop in the functions of the eyes and ears, coordination of movements is disturbed.
  2. Skin sensitivity may occur. Patients say that the skin numbs, tingles, burns. Some people goosebumps. Visually, the skin becomes paler.
  3. The muscles of the arms, legs and neck are too tight. This can be caused by a general weakening of the body and irritability.
  4. Memory, attention and sleep can be disturbed. The person does not leave feeling of alarm, the emotional background is broken.

How to treat an exacerbation of the osteochondrosis of the neck?

A person who knows firsthand about osteochondrosis of the cervical spine, should know how to relieve the exacerbation of cervical osteochondrosis.

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How to treat cervical osteochondrosis - symptoms, exacerbations

Headache, numbness of the neck muscles, dizziness, loss of sensation in the hands - all this may be signs of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine. The disease is associated with dystrophic changes in the body of the vertebrae, in intervertebral discs and ligaments. Cervical osteochondrosis symptoms can appear at any age, recently the disease has sharply rejuvenated. Associate this with a sedentary lifestyle, the specifics of work and study at the computer, that is, the probability of the onset of the disease increases with increasing hypodynamia. Normally, the human spine should move constantly, it is this condition that allows the discs and vertebrae not to stagnate and function normally. In the case of a forced, monotonous position of the body, the vertebrae atrophy and do not cope with the performance of the function assigned to it. The cause of the disease can be and improper posture, anomalies of the development of the skeleton.

Symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis

The first pain in osteochondrosis As a result of changes occurring in vertebrae, discs, ligaments, the work of nerve endings and blood vessels that go from the spinal cord to many internal organs and the brain is disrupted. The main symptoms in the cervical type of osteochondrosis are associated with the movement of the nerve endings and vessels. Depending on the involvement in the pathological process of certain organs, it is customary to distinguish three groups of clinical signs of the disease.

The first group includes neurological manifestations of the disease associated with effects on the peripheral nervous system. The second group includes symptoms that are registered as a result of exposure to the back of the brain itself. The third group of symptoms is associated with a violation in the nerve endings leading to the brain.

In case of disruption of the work in the peripheral nervous system, the pain comes to the fore. They can be of different intensity and character, the common one is they are registered pains in the beginning of the disease in the depth of the neck.

Therefore, it is not uncommon for a spine disease in the neck region to have such a symptom as shortness of breath can come to the fore. It seems to such patients that it became difficult to breathe, a kind of lump in the throat. Pain in the cervical region is more often stupid, muscle tension is observed, often they intensify after an overnight rest.

As the disease develops, the hands are involved in the process, they become weak, numb. Soreness appears not only in the upper limbs, but also in the region of the heart. Such signs can also speak of the development of cervicothoracic osteochondrosis, the symptoms of which can be localized in the chest. This is manifested by pain in the lungs, liver, stomach, sometimes cough. A dystrophic disorder in the articular cartilages can be masked for other diseases - angina pectoris, neuralgia.

Consequences of

When involved in the process of the vertebral artery, cerebral symptoms begin to manifest. The vertebral artery supplies the brain regions with oxygen, with dystrophic changes in the vertebrae it contracts and does not fully fulfill its function. Therefore, cervical osteochondrosis symptoms of dizziness are frequent complaints of patients. Dizziness, headaches, a vision disorder, tinnitus - all these are signs of the vascular bundle being transmitted. Headaches with osteochondrosis can not be reduced by taking ordinary analgesics. Pain is worse when turning, tilting the head.

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Treatment of exacerbation of cervical osteochondrosis

Every year more and more people face such insidious disease as cervical osteochondrosis. The way of life, low mobility, frequent stay in a sitting position at the computer are the first step towards the disease. Doctors already rightly consider this problem a disease of the century. And to doctors, as a rule, they start to address only in the period of its aggravation. Therefore, in medical circles today, treatment of exacerbation of cervical osteochondrosis becomes especially popular. The first stage of such treatment will be the removal of painful sensations and inflammation. Only after the disappearance of pain, further treatment is possible.

In any case, the disease is easier to cure at the initial stage. Painful sensations in the neck, headache of a pressing, bursting or shooting character, pain in the shoulder are all symptoms of an exacerbation of the cervical osteochondrosis. If you are familiar with any hearsay from this list, you should definitely consult a doctor.

Symptoms of exacerbation of cervical osteochondrosis

The fact that the patient exacerbation of the cervical osteochondrosis is indicated by severe pain in the neck and occipital region, giving in the shoulders and the scapula, sometimes in the hands and heart region. Usually such sensations arise in the morning after rest, and becomes stronger during movement, inspiration or coughing.

Some people think that this is a heart attack or other disease of the internal organs. In addition, the affected area can prick, numb, be too hot or cold. Patients feel irritability, lethargy, weakness, become anxious, they are disturbed by sleep, attention and memory.

Treatment of exacerbation of cervical osteochondrosis

Treatment of exacerbation of cervical osteochondrosis

The aggravation of this disease is best treated at the first stages before there are syndromes of more serious diseases, which can be the vertebral artery and cardialgia. The launched disease will be felt by frequent headache and painful sensations in the zone of scapula and heart, and it will become chronic. In addition, if you do not pay attention on time, irreversible changes in the structure of the spinal column can occur.

Pain in the area of ​​scapula and heart is not always a symptom of cervical osteochondrosis. This may be an exacerbation of breast osteochondrosis. But to put the correct diagnosis and prescribe the treatment can only the doctor. Treatment of exacerbation of chest osteochondrosis, as well as in other cases, begins with the removal of the pain syndrome, only after that they start treatment with medicinal preparations and manual procedures.

The course of treatment involves neutralizing a severe attack of pain and increasing blood supply and metabolism in the affected area, as well as physiotherapy. Treatment of osteochondrosis of the spine with exacerbation begins with medication. Do blockade of the help of painkillers. This is necessary in order to relieve muscle tone and reduce pain.

Different medications of a class of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, as well as vitamin complexes, anesthetizing drugs in the complex, have proved to be well established. The next stage after the drug treatment is prescribed therapeutic massages, manual therapy, gymnastics, electrostimulation. It is important that the method is selected individually by your attending physician and the procedures are conducted under the supervision of a specialist.

Medication for exacerbation of cervical osteochondrosis

Cervical osteochondrosis is cunning in that it first proceeds without pronounced symptoms. And still, if you notice that your head often often and persistently or you have pain in the heart area, you should immediately begin treatment for exacerbation of cervical osteochondrosis.

The first help with severe pain can be the reception of spasmolytic drugs and the lubrication of the affected area with anti-inflammatory ointment. During an exacerbation, massage and gymnastics are prohibited. In such cases, immediately it is necessary to contact a specialist who will prescribe an anesthetic blockade and a set of medications. Only after pain relief, massages and other conservative methods of treatment are possible.

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Headache is often hot, paroxysm spreads from the occipital region to the entire back of the neck. Often, an attack occurs at night. Sometimes severe headache can be accompanied by nausea, vomiting.

Exacerbation of cervical osteochondrosis can lead to dizziness, loss of balance, swaying.

Visual symptoms are characterized by:

  • appearance before the eyes of spots, asterisks, flies;
  • doubling;
  • pain in the eyes, which increases with the turn of the head.

The pharyngeal-laryngeal symptoms are rare. There may be:

  • sore throat;
  • decreased sensitivity of the larynx, palate, tongue;
  • sensation of a foreign object in the throat that causes frequent coughing;
  • loss of voice.

On the background of the main symptoms there is increased fatigue, mood jumps, irritability, lethargy, sleep disturbance, memory impairment. Cervical osteochondrosis promotes defeat of the shoulder joint.

Treatment is performed only according to the doctor's prescription, it depends on the symptoms and stage of the disease.

Exacerbation of thoracic osteochondrosis

An attack of chest osteochondrosis may resemble symptoms in diseases of the cardiovascular system, gastrointestinal tract, respiratory system. It is necessary to undergo examinations, after which appropriate treatment is prescribed.

Dorsago

A sudden acute attack of sharp chest pain, the so-called thoracic chamber. An attack can be caused by an uncomfortable posture, a prolonged performance of a monotonous work. It is associated with muscle spasm. Pain sensations are concentrated mainly between the shoulder blades and are so intense that a person is unable to breathe normally.

Sometimes the pain spreads along the ribs from the back to the sternum, the symptomatology is similar to intercostal neurosis.

An attack of chest osteochondrosis may resemble an infarction. The difference is the intensification of painful sensations in attempts to rotate movements and during palpation of the spine in the thoracic region. The cardiogram thus does not reveal any infringements, and reception of intimate or cardiac preparations does not bring simplification.

Dorsalgia

Exacerbation of problems in the thoracic spine may start sluggishly, gradually increasing. A strong spasm of muscles limits the mobility of a person. This condition can last several weeks. Pain intensifies during breathing, manifests at night in a state of rest, in the morning can be dulled.

The general symptomatology is very similar to pneumonia, but there is no cough and no temperature.

Symptoms of osteochondrosis are typical for a number of other serious diseases, therefore the diagnosis and treatment should be performed only by a doctor. Treatment should be aimed at eliminating the cause of the disease.

Lumbar spine: symptoms of the disease

The aggravation of osteochondrosis in the lumbar region is of three kinds.

Lumbago

The attack is characterized by a burning pain that occurs as a result of squeezing the nerve endings. It happens suddenly, after a long, monotonous work, when the muscles of the waist strain, after sudden movements, after the transfer of weights. People often can not straighten up, all attempts lead to increased pain.

Lumbalia

The aggravation is characterized by a gradual increase. Aching pain turns into unbearable.

Lumbosciagia

An attack occurs when there is inflammation in the muscles and connective tissues in the lumbar region. There is a pinching of the nerves of the lower parts of the spinal cord. Cramps and weakness can occur in the legs. Can be reflected on the condition of the hip and knee joints. Pain can move to the pelvic or inguinal area.

Similar symptoms are typical of diseases of the genitourinary and reproductive systems, so, of course, the treatment is done only under medical supervision.

So, the aggravation of osteochondrosis in the lumbar hotel is characterized by a number of general symptoms:

  • limitation of the motor function of the lower back;
  • muscle spasm;
  • pain in the sacrum;
  • pain along the external or internal surface of the thigh, over the back of the leg, can give in the shin or foot;
  • numbness, impaired sensation, weakness, seizures;
  • pain in the buttocks, as well as in the pelvic organs.

It is very important to carefully monitor your condition, monitor the changes occurring in it. This is important for the correct diagnosis of the disease, then the treatment will be qualitative and successful. Symptoms of osteochondrosis may be poor, and acute attack and exacerbation are associated with a strong pain syndrome, sometimes unbearable. Do not bring yourself to such a state. When the first pains in the spine appear, consult a specialist. Treatment at this stage will make the process reversible. At later stages, doctors can only localize the attack and stop the course of the disease. If you do not start treatment on time, the case may end with a disability. Take care and appreciate yourself!

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bolit-sustav.ru

Exacerbations of osteochondrosis of cervical, thoracic, lumbar departments

If the doctor has diagnosed you with osteochondrosis, you can not erase it from your life. This, of course, does not mean that you will constantly experience pain, your condition will deteriorate from day to day. This variant of the course of the disease is possible, but it all depends on you. On whether you yourself will contribute to the emergence of exacerbations of osteochondrosis or vice versa, you will in every possible way avoid the influence of provoking factors.

Symptoms of exacerbation of osteochondrosis

Exacerbation of osteochondrosis can be accompanied by a variety of symptoms. They depend on what particular section of the spine is affected, how far the pathological changes have come.

Exacerbation of the osteochondrosis of the cervical spine

When the cervical osteochondrosis worsens, radicular symptoms are most often observed, which causes compression or pinching of the nerves. Otherwise, radicular symptoms are called cervical radiculitis. They are represented by pain in the neck, which renders in the back to the scapula, can also give to the shoulder, the outer surface of the forearm and even the fingers. Due to the pinched nerves, there may be a disturbance in the sensitivity of the forearm, hand, fingers - a feeling of "crawling crawling," tingling, pasty can develop. Differences in the area of ​​the lesion( for example, the pastosity of the index or ring finger) depend on the root of which nerve is affected.

Burning pain in the neck and neck may occur. Pain can be delivered to the shoulder or chest. The pain appears when you sneeze, after sleep, when you turn your head.

When the vertebral artery afflicts, burning or pulsating pain occurs, localized in the brow region, in the region of the crown, temples, occiput. Pain is characterized by a constant character, less often the pain may appear paroxysmal.

Cervical osteochondrosis can be accompanied by cardiac syndrome. This causes pain in the chest area, similar to pain in angina pectoris. With osteochondrosis, chest pain can increase with coughing, sharp turns of the head, sneezing. To distinguish the pain due to osteochondrosis from pain in angina pectoris can be by electrocardiography at the time of an attack or daily monitoring of the ECG.With angina pectoris, it is possible to detect violations of coronary circulation, with osteochondrosis, of course, there will be no. Nitroglycerin is not effective in cardiac syndrome caused by osteochondrosis.

Exacerbations of thoracic osteochondrosis

The main complaint of patients is acute pain in the back and side. The pain increases with movement, coughing, deep inspiration, at night, and with changing weather. The pain is constant, can last for weeks. Sometimes the pain is one-sided.

If the upper segment of the thoracic spine is affected, pain can occur in the area of ​​the chest, shoulder and shoulder joint, scapula and even the abdominal cavity.

If osteochondrosis has affected the lower thoracic segment, then loss of sensitivity of this segment develops, mobility in the thigh region may worsen, and impairments in the function of pelvic organs may appear.

Exacerbation of lumbar spine osteochondrosis

When the roots of L1, L2 are damaged, the radicular syndrome is manifested with severe pain in the leg region, the sensitivity in the groin area, the inner thighs, like "rider's pants", can be disturbed.

When the L5 spine is affected, sensitivity in the lumbar region decreases, intense shooting pain occurs in the same area, which pushes up to the thumb of the foot. The strength of the muscle responsible for extension of the big toe can decrease.

When the spine S1 is damaged, the sensitivity of the inner surface of the thigh, shin and foot is reduced. At the same time there are no plantar and Achilles reflexes.

There may also be violations from the internal organs - incontinence( or constipation) of feces, urinary incontinence, men may be impaired sexual function, in women - menstrual cycle.

In the osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine, locomotor disorders can occur. Intermittent claudication, accompanied by weakness, pain in the legs while walking, passing after rest, can develop. Sometimes there is atrophy( desiccation) of the muscles of the legs.

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Exacerbation of osteochondrosis - symptoms and treatment

It is possible that the cause of deterioration is an exacerbation of diseases of any internal organs. It is very important to understand what is behind the catastrophe that has occurred. Be sure to consult with a doctor if you have an exacerbation of osteochondrosis.

Treatment of exacerbation of osteochondrosis

How is treatment for exacerbation of osteochondrosis treated?

"Resting treatment" means that if you do not load affected tissues, the body will gradually restore the destroyed one.

Avoid body movements and positions that cause painful or unpleasant sensations. Pain or similar sensations and symptoms are always a signal of a state of destruction. Repeating movements or accepting postures provoking deterioration, a person repeatedly reproduces the load, which led to a catastrophe.

Learn to make movements that do not cause pain. If the pain is very strong and does not disappear even after taking painkillers, stop for the duration of the workout, minimize physical exertion. Understand, this is only a temporary failure. A healthy, restored body will allow you to move in plenty, but only then, after the recovery occurs.

There is no need to demonstrate "will power" - to torment your body, overcoming pain. True willpower is the ability to wait and concentrate efforts only when it is really necessary. If you can not wait a minute, you can lose years.

Medication for exacerbation of osteochondrosis

The choice of whether to apply or not to use pain medication during an exacerbation depends on the severity of osteochondrosis manifestations. In the period of severe pain, the use of these medicines is certainly justified. But, immediately, after the pain subsides to the level of subjective tolerance, it is necessary to reduce the doses of medications, up to the total refusal of their use.

I repeat, the longer the so-called."Analgesics" affect the body of the suffering person, the more likely that the disease becomes chronic and will soon resume, or not stop at all. Consult in this occasion with the attending physician.

Self-massage of painful areas during exacerbation of

From distracting procedures with pain symptoms it is possible to apply glueing on painful or symmetric areas - mustard plasters, papillary plasters, applicators, to draw a so-called."Iodine grid", etc. You can rub the painful areas with stitching ridges, spheres with stitching protrusions, hands.

Rubbing of painful areas during exacerbation of osteochondrosis should be carried out very carefully, with a little effort, for a long time. If the pain begins to grow rapidly during grinding, stop the procedure.

Try to make the procedure complete with a feeling of warmth and relaxation in the irritated zone. If you interrupt the procedure before the appearance of these positive effects - carrying out distractions, at least - is useless. Up to the onset of deterioration.

Ointments for pain relief during exacerbation of osteochondrosis

Ointments, as a distraction procedure, are very often used for rubbing into a place of soreness. Most often, these zones are reflex zones, which signal the defeat of certain internal organs. Therefore, rubbing ointments is better combined with a light warming massage with circular or longitudinal movements.

Rubbing ointments in the skin with exacerbation of the disease of osteochondrosis should be done with effort not causing pain, until the feeling of intense heat in the rubbed place.

The use of ointments is a temporary medical measure, which is not always able to eliminate the causes of pain in rubbed places. Therefore, if the pain symptoms periodically appear, always consult a doctor.

Heating procedures for relieving the exacerbation

Warming procedures, as applied locally( compresses, hand and foot baths), and general( baths, mud treatment) are good for relaxing reflexively contracted muscles, i.e., with the primary localization of the process in the muscles and ligaments near the spine.

It should never be forgotten that any inflammation is caused by an exacerbation, for example, in the ovaries or acute prostatitis. In such cases, uncontrolled influx of heat to the inflamed organ increases inflammation, for example, with mud applications. Therefore, before using such heating procedures, it is always necessary to clarify the cause of the appearance of an exacerbation.

Before using general heating procedures during an exacerbation, consult a doctor about any contraindications.

Symptoms of exacerbation of osteochondrosis

What are the main symptoms of exacerbation of osteochondrosis?

If you have the first symptoms of osteochondrosis, try to reduce your daily diets by half. In order for the body to use the remains of destroyed cells( irritating nerve endings), as an energy source. Reducing their number, reduces irritating pain effects. This is especially important in the first 1-2 days, when cold weather gives way to warming. Such a temporary measure is very effective in combating pain in such periods.

In terms of traditional medicine, excess fluid helps cool the body. Therefore, in the cold winter months, the kidneys and the bladder, responsible for water exchange, become more active. Remember - a frozen person urinates profusely, this symptom suggests that the kidneys remove unnecessary liquid from the body. The lesions of the urinary tract and gynecological organs provoke the development of osteochondrosis in the lumbosacral and mid-thoracic parts of the spine. In the first 1-2 days, when the heat is replaced by cold, reduce the daily amount of liquid used up to a liter. On the same days, sufferers should not drink coffee. Coffee has a diuretic effect and increases the load on the urinary tract.

I remind you that pains are in many ways provoked by the reflex tension of the muscles of the spine, and it, in turn, depends not only on the damage to the internal organs, but also on the emotional state of the person( remember the example with muscle tension in animals).Therefore, during the onset of symptoms of an exacerbation, it is necessary to try to get as far as possible from the cases that cause anxiety and concern. For example, try to switch thoughts only to perform recovery procedures. To perceive the process of restoration as the most important thing in life, and to think less about other unfinished business, about troubling life circumstances. Postpone them, as far as possible, "for later", at a time when the painful exacerbation is over. The disease, until it disappears, will still not allow full-fledged action.

At least in the period of illness, try to learn how to listen to the signals of your own body. Learn not to burden him with excessive care. Try to apply this skill in the future when the disease recedes.

Contraindications for osteochondrosis

1.

Why it is impossible to do inclinations from a standing position with osteochondrosis? Let me remind you that when the forward tilt is above 15-20 ° from the standing position, the load on the intervertebral discs exceeds hundreds of kilograms. When you change the location of the center of gravity - the position "sitting", the load on intervertebral disks are reduced to safely tolerable values. Therefore, the slopes forward from the "standing" position can only be performed by trained people, and only during "out of exacerbation" periods. The same applies to circular rotation of the head. In the period of exacerbations, circular rotation of the head provokes worsening of the condition.

2.

Why with osteochondrosis it is impossible to do a circular rotation of the head? This is due to the fact that in the osteochondrosis of the spine, in addition to structural disturbances in the intervertebral cartilages, there is a weakening of the ligamentous apparatus of the spine. Bunches and tendons deteriorate their elastic properties and their ability to resist stretching. When inclined, the intervertebral cartilages on one side are flattened between the vertebrae( a), and due to this, they are simultaneously squeezed( b) into the opposite( from the flattened) side( as when squeezing the tube with toothpaste).The ligaments of the spine from the side, where the extrusion force is directed, are stretched( in) and with a strong extrusion force they can burst.

By the way, this is one of the variants of the mechanism of formation of the intervertebral hernia with a sharp tilt of the body.

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Osteochondrosis is a pathology affecting the intervertebral discs and ligamentous apparatus of the spine. An exacerbation of osteochondrosis occurs if the patient does not consult a doctor and starts the illness. The ailment is very dangerous, it is able to infect the bone tissue of the spine, so that the spine can be deformed. At the first stage, the human body itself struggles with the thinning of the intervertebral disc. The person thus does not test strong discomfortable sensations and in most cases at all does not know, that the osteochondrosis has started to develop. But the body is endlessly unable to cope with the disease on its own, and if the life conditions change, the compensation is terminated. Then the process of exacerbation begins.

Reasons for the exacerbation of

In case of osteochondrosis, exacerbation does not occur without grounds. There are many reasons, as a result of which the acute phase of the illness begins to manifest itself. Stresses are a negative factor, because the nervous system begins to exacerbate the disease. During the experience, nutrients do not enter the affected parts of the body, thereby worsening their condition. The wrong posture that the patient takes during stress, also adversely affects the condition of the spine.

If the ailment has worsened after a massage, it means that it was performed by an amateur. Do not massage to reduce weight during the development of the disease. It is always necessary to warn the masseuse about the presence of such a complex disease as osteochondrosis. One of the reasons for the exacerbation of pathology may be seasonal factors. The change of weather conditions is closely related to the health of the spinal column. Each season has its own effect on osteochondrosis and its possible exacerbation.

In the spring period, pains in the sternum often increase, and in winter they can appear in the lumbar spine. It is not a secret to anyone that drinking alcohol has a harmful effect on the body. If the patient drinks alcohol, then the aggravation of the disease can not be avoided. In addition, alcohol promotes the expansion of blood vessels, as a result of which a person becomes too hot and has to take off part of the clothes, which leads to hypothermia. Women are prone to exacerbation during menstruation, because at this time the amount of estrogen hormone decreases. It is important to note that estrogen takes care of the integrity of bone tissue in women. Negative effect on the pathology has a cold: it provokes the disease, causing inflammatory infectious irritation in the nerve roots.

People who are diagnosed with osteochondrosis are not advised to visit saunas and baths, since the steaming processes adversely affect the joints: the tissue becomes inflamed and exacerbation occurs. Excessive physical activity, stagnation or sharp inclinations can also affect the course of the disease. It should be said that when a cold occurs it is worthwhile to visit a competent specialist immediately, since there is a high probability that the body of the inflammatory process is present.

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Symptoms of the disease

Symptoms of exacerbation of the disease specialists are divided according to the localization of inflammation sites. With pathology of the cervical region, the sensitivity of the skin around the neck decreases, and severe pain is noted. In addition, the pain syndrome can touch fingers. One of the symptoms is the vertebral artery factor, which is characterized by dizziness, nausea, unpleasant pain in the head.

Symptoms of the aggravation process in the loins are closely related to the area of ​​the spine cord root. Aggravation in this area can have the following manifestations:

  • lowering of susceptibility in the lower extremities;
  • pain syndromes in the legs and in the groin area;
  • acute pain in the spine( sacrum, lumbar region);
  • menstrual cycle disorders in women;
  • weak potency in men;
  • may, in some cases, incontinence of urine and feces occur.

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It should be noted that signs of exacerbation in the thoracic part of the body are often confused with diseases of the internal organs, resulting in such symptoms are called stimulating. Often, patients think that they develop angina or digestive system diseases. Symptoms are manifested by acute pain syndrome in the back and sides. The pain can not abate over a long period of time, intensifying when performing motor actions. In addition, cough and breathing problems are observed. Other symptoms include pain in the heart and hands.

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How long the exacerbation of

continues The aggravation of osteochondrosis can be determined by the characteristic symptoms. Key in this period has appropriate and competent treatment, thanks to which one can overcome acute syndrome in one week. If you do not take any action, the exacerbation can take at least two weeks, and in some cases even longer.

It should be noted that treating the pathology only in the acute phase is incorrect, since by this time the disease will be in an extremely neglected stage. To address in medical institutions and to begin treatment it is necessary at the slightest suspicions on an osteochondrosis. On how the first aid was provided, the patient's condition in the future depends directly. This is the most important component of all subsequent treatment, since first aid can significantly improve the patient's condition.

It is important to call an ambulance or doctor in the shortest possible time. You do not need to wait passively for the arrival of an ambulance, but you should not try to unbend a sick person if the attack hits him in an uncomfortable position. It is necessary to put the patient in bed, but if there was a fall to the floor, then it should not be raised. The patient can take pain medication as prescribed by the doctor. It is important to note that it is the doctor who must decide by what means to relieve the exacerbation. The doctor has the right to decide where to treat the patient - at home or in a hospital. Everything depends on the patient's general health.

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Necessary prevention of

It is very important to treat various diseases when dealing with the prevention of exacerbations. In osteochondrosis, it consists in observing the work and rest regime, the proper arrangement of the workplace. In addition, it is necessary to walk with the correct posture and exclude the lifting of any weights. Do not sit on soft armchairs, couches, especially if it concerns the workplace. It is worthwhile to monitor the correct posture throughout the day and regularly perform a small workout at least once per hour. It is also important to sleep on a flat, hard surface. Well, if you choose an orthopedic mattress. The patient should consult a specialist who can recommend a system of easy massage. After that, you need to perform an independent massage every day.

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To sum up, osteochondrosis is a serious and insidious disease. This illness worsens sharply enough, and it can catch in the most unexpected place. In such a case, immediately seek qualified medical help. In the absence of symptoms of pathology, lead a correct lifestyle and engage in prevention.

It is much easier to prevent a disease than to treat it later and not experience the most pleasant emotions.

ZdorovyiSkelet.ru

What are the symptoms of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine - treatment methods for exacerbation of

What is the danger of exacerbation? Cervical osteochondrosis causes changes that affect vertebrae, intervertebral discs and surrounding tissues. The vertebrae in the neck are not as stable as in the other parts of the spine, so they can be easily displaced. When this occurs, the canal through which the vertebral artery passes can be narrowed, as a result of which the supply of blood and oxygen to the brain is impaired. The channel, in which the nerves pass from the spine to the brain, also narrows. This is the cause of the symptoms of the upper limbs, cardiac and respiratory, since the affected nerves also affect their functions.

Diagnostic procedures - what tests are performed and what the

shows. If the doctor suspects cervical osteochondrosis, he will conduct a thorough medical examination with checking the mobility of the neck, reflexes and muscle strength to see if there is pressure on the spinal cord or spinal nerves. Whether there is a back compression, is defined or determined on a gait.

To diagnose an exact diagnosis and make an effective treatment plan, the doctor prescribes special image tests:
  1. X-ray of the neck: Anomalies that indicate cervical osteochondrosis, such as bone spurs, can be detected. Most often, X-rays are used as screening tools to exclude serious causes of stiff neck and pain, such as infections, fractures and tumors.
  2. Computed Tomography( CT): In this study, X-rays are taken from various points and combined to create an image of your cervical vertebrae and other structures in a cross section. CT is a much more detailed study than a conventional X-ray and provides more information, especially regarding bones.
  3. Magnetic resonance imaging( MRI): This test uses radio waves and a strong magnetic field to provide the doctor with a cross-sectional view of soft tissues and bones. This helps to identify places in the neck and spine, where the nerves are compressed.
  4. Myelogram: An X-ray or CT scan is done after dye injection so that the spine becomes more noticeable.

Nerve function research

Helps to find out whether the signals received through the nerves are received properly by the muscles. These studies include:
  1. Electromyogram( EMG): It evaluates how healthy the muscles and nerves are by measuring the electrical activity of the nerves when sending messages to the muscles when they are at rest and when they are active.
  2. Nerve conduction study: The speed and strength of signals sent by nerves are measured. Electrodes are attached to the skin surface, etc.

How to treat cervical osteochondrosis - what to do

Methods of treatment and the means used depend on the severity of the symptoms. Objectives - help in relieving pain, enable you to continue to do what you love as long as possible, and prevent injuries of nerves, spinal cord.

What medications are used - drug therapy

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs( NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen and naproxen are very effective in controlling pain and inflammation associated with cancer. These drugs are available without a prescription and are used within the framework of home medication. They can cause upset stomach, so must be taken with food.

If these remedies do not work, the doctor will recommend prescription drugs:
  1. Muscle Relaxants: These drugs help fight muscle pains and include drugs such as methoxabamol( Robaxin) and Cyclobenzaprine( Flexeril).
  2. Anticonvulsants: A number of drugs are used to control nerve pain for the treatment of epilepsy. These include pregabalin( Lyrica) and gabapentin( Neurontin).
  3. Drugs: In cases of severe pain, doctors prescribe analgesics containing narcotic substances. Examples: oxycodone( Percocet), hydrocodone( Vicodin).
  4. Injections of steroids: Prednisone injections, along with anesthesia, are made directly into the affected area.

Physiotherapy with spinal osteochondrosis - exercises of therapeutic gymnastics

A qualified therapist will teach and help in the performance of exercises that strengthen and stretch the muscles of the shoulders and neck. Thrusts are useful, they help create more space inside the spinal column and reduce pressure on the nerve roots that are pinched.

Surgery - when and why it is necessary to do the operation

  • To which doctor to handle

If your condition worsens, as the consequence of the illness develops weakness in the limbs, or if your symptoms do not improve, despite conservative treatment, the doctor may recommend surgery to provide more spacefor the spinal cord and nerve roots. Sometimes it requires removal of bone spurs or a herniated disc, part of the vertebra.

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