Sample menu and diet for gout
During an attack around the joint, redness and swelling occur.
Gout is a serious joint disease. It occurs due to the deposition of uric acid salts in the human body. As a rule, gout usually manifests itself at night during sleep. At such times a person experiences severe pain in the area of inflamed joints( in most cases it is the joints of the toes), as well as fever, general weakness and aching pain in the abdomen. Soft tissues around the patient's joint become very inflamed and swell, and the skin acquires a bright red color. To date, almost all symptoms are known and treatment methods are developed, but the most important factor in fighting the disease is adherence to a diet for gout, which is aimed at reducing the level of uric acid in the human body.
Proper nutrition is the key to effective treatment. Admission of drugs must be accompanied by a special diet. When treating gout, it is very important to delete from your diet all foods that contain a large amount of urate salts( the so-called urates).This contributes to a significant slowdown in the development of the disease and a marked improvement in the patient's condition. Long adherence to the therapeutic diet will not only significantly increase the time interval between attacks of gout, but also significantly reduce their intensity, reduce pain and inflammation of the joints.
Proper nutrition with gout
Today, to successfully combat gout, doctors strongly recommend that their patients completely abandon the use of animal proteins. However, one should not think that only they can worsen the condition of patients and cause a new attack. In addition to proteins, animal fats and various digestible carbohydrates are a great danger for people suffering from gout. As with diabetes, gout patients are advised to completely avoid foods high in sugar.
The basis of the patient's menu should be vegetables
Fasting is contraindicated in patients with gout, so food should be fractional( there is a need often, but in small portions). According to the rules of nutrition for this disease, for one day a patient needs to eat at least 5-6 times.
Diet for gout involves conducting at least once a week of special days of release, during which the patient must eat exclusively fresh fruit or vegetables. You can eat these products in this week, both raw and cooked, the main thing is that they are prepared without the addition of salt. It should be emphasized that during the unloading day, the patient is allowed to eat only one kind of fruit or vegetables, for example, once a week apples or pears, cooked carrots or baked potatoes.
In addition, the rice and apple version of the day of unloading enjoys enormous popularity among patients with gout.
As you can understand from the very name of the diet, once a week for the whole day the patient needs food containing only boiled rice and raw apples. To this diet has given the desired health effect, you need to be able to properly prepare a useful rice porridge, without violating the dietician's prohibitions.
For preparing rice rice cereal, you need to take 75 grams of rice, pour 750 ml of milk and cook until ready. Ready rice porridge must be divided into three equal parts. You will have to eat them for breakfast, lunch and dinner.
Between these meals are allowed to eat apples. However, remember that the total weight of the fruits you eat should not exceed 300 g. Apples can be eaten and raw, but it is best to cut fruit and boil them unsweetened compote.
Recipes for therapeutic dishes
It is very important to ensure that the diet of the ill, despite numerous prohibitions, remained full, balanced and contained all the necessary nutrients for the body. Here are some simple recipes of dishes that will be useful for gout and can be served daily on the patient's table.
Vegetarian borsch. To prepare one of the dietary dishes, you will need the following products:
Vegetarian borscht is prepared from fresh vegetables and without pre-frying
- 170 g of potatoes;
- 150 g cabbage;
- 160 g of beet;
- 120 g of tomatoes;
- 65 g carrots;
- 50 g of onion;
- 30 g of sour cream;
- 30 g of parsley greens.
Cooking. First, boil the beet to half cooked( preferably in a double boiler), peel and peel on a large grater. Then finely chop the cabbage. Potatoes and tomatoes peel and cut into cubes, carrots thin straws, onion semirings. Next, add all the prepared vegetables in one pan, fill with cold water and leave the soup to cook until ready. Before you serve ready borsch on the table, season it with sour cream and sprinkle with finely chopped parsley. Potato soup. During the diet with gout, you can cook and put on the table incredibly light and delicious potato soup, which will be useful for diabetes. To cook a diet potato soup, you will need:
- several potato tubers;
- 1 chicken egg;
- 1 tbsp.flour;
- fresh sour cream;
- natural butter;
- greens to taste.
Cooking. Peel the potatoes and cook until they are ready. Then pour the potato broth into a separate container( do not empty it), and grind the potatoes well and wipe them through a sieve. Next, proceed to prepare the sauce for this dish. First, warm the flour in the oven a little, then dilute it in 50 ml of potato broth and boil it well. Now combine in one pot the crushed potatoes, the previously merged broth and sauce from the burnt flour and mix everything thoroughly. Then add chicken egg and butter to the soup. Bring to a boil again - and you can serve the ready soup on the table, adding a little sour cream and chopped greens to the plate.Vegetable stew. To prepare a tasty and very useful vegetable stew, take:
- 7 potato tubers;
- 4 red carrots;
- 1 full glass of fresh green peas;
- 1 small onion;
- 100 g fresh sour cream;
- 1 tbsp.vegetable oil;
- salt to taste.
Cut the onions into small cubes and fry in a frying pan in warmed vegetable oil. When the onion turns golden, add the finely chopped carrots to it and simmer the vegetables until they become soft. Then put in the frying pan in advance boiled green peas and boiled potatoes, cut into medium cubes. After this, add sour cream and a little salt to the dish and leave to stew for another 15 minutes. Before serving, pour the vegetable ragout with melted butter.
Buckwheat porridge. Dietary buckwheat porridge, especially useful for gout patients, is prepared as follows. Take 50 g of buckwheat and pour it 100 g of clean cold water. Then add a small pinch of salt, mix it well and put it on the stove, covering the pan with a lid. When the buckwheat grains absorb water, stir well the gruel with a spoon and leave it to cook on a small fire for another half hour.
Before serving porridge on the table, add 1 tsp to it.butter.
What can and can not be eaten with a sick gout
People suffering from gout are not only possible, but also need to add to their diet as many fresh vegetables as possible, which contain a large number of vitamins and microelements needed by the patient's body. The only exception to this rule are vegetables with a sharp taste, such as horseradish, garlic or radish. It is strongly advised not to eat sorrel, spinach and celery greens, as well as cauliflower.
In addition, the therapeutic diet for gout approves the use by patients with food of any kind of fruit, like traditional apples, plums and pears, and exotic grapefruits, bananas and pineapples. Treatment of gout should be accompanied by the intake of skim milk, low-fat cottage cheese, kefir, yogurt and other low-fat dairy products. In addition, patients with gout should include in their diet dishes of eggs, especially quail. Doctors recommend eating cereals from whole grains, various nuts and natural honey. It is very useful to perform herbal treatment that will help reduce inflammation and improve the patient's condition.
People suffering from gout are categorically prohibited from eating any kinds of smoked products. Meat and fish can be placed on the table only in very small quantities. But the best salt is to exclude table salt from your diet.
In addition, in the list of products that are banned from gouty patients, were:
- ripe peas;
- all kinds of mushrooms;
- any beans;
- all seasonings and spices, except for laurel leaves and apple and wine vinegar;
You can not drink coffee, black and green tea, any alcoholic beverages. Liquid dishes from fish, meat and poultry, even broths are forbidden. Under the strict ban, all kinds of chocolate and cocoa beverages were introduced.
Sample menu for patients with gout.
- Menu for gout for breakfast: salad, made from fresh vegetables( tomatoes, cucumbers, cabbage, carrots, etc.) and flavored with vegetable oil, pudding from millet, sweet apples and carrots, egg, boiled soft-boiled, herbal tea. Sample menu for a second breakfast - a medicinal broth from the hips.
- Lunch: milk soup with homemade noodles, cutlets from potatoes( can be fried), berry jelly.
- Snack: fresh apples.
- Dishes for dinner: cabbage rolls stuffed with boiled rice with various vegetables, baked syrniki, herbal tea.
Before going to bed, you can treat yourself to a decoction of bran. Be healthy.
How compatible are gout and exercise bike?
Gout is one of the most common metabolic diseases that affects the joints of a person. This is the so-called disease of kings, accompanying a sedentary and satiated lifestyle. Modern scientists have more than a dozen types of metabolism and more than a hundred varieties of its violations: from simple indigestion to such a formidable disease as diabetes. In addition to the basic energy metabolism, there is intracellular, nitrogenous( disrupted by gout), carbohydrate, protein, oxygen, anoxic, etc. Metabolic disorders lead to various, including serious diseases: hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus andgout.
Causes and symptoms of
The main cause of gout is the disruption of the metabolism of nitrogen compounds, namely uric acid, in the human body. Crystals of its salts settle in joints, cartilages and tendons and lead to the appearance of acute attacks of pain and joint deformities( gouty cones).
So, the main causes of the disease are:
- a disturbance of the nitrogen metabolism caused by strict diets or fasting, protein diets, biorhythm disorders, excessive physical exertion;
- hereditary factor;
- excessive weight;
- bad habits( alcohol, smoking, overeating, etc.).
Gout is a chronic disease that occurs and develops not in one year. It all starts with an excess of uric acid. If this continues for a long time, then its salts begin to be deposited in certain places. In 50% of cases, these are the big toes. From them, and begins attacks of acute pain, inflammation of the joints and, in fact, the gout itself.
So, the main symptoms and signs of the disease are:
- excess uric acid;
- acute attacks of pain in the joints of the limbs;
- joint deformation;
- the presence of characteristic gouty cones on the big toes;
- impaired renal filtration function.
Forms of the disease
Gout has several forms depending on the etiology. There is a primary( or hereditary) gout that arises and develops as a hereditary disease, and a secondary gout resulting from other diseases. It should be noted that a violation of the exchange of uric acid is often the result or is accompanied by a violation of other metabolic forms, for example, in the case of insufficiency of glucose metabolism in diabetes. Gout and diabetes are a dangerous combination of ailments that make serious adjustments to the patient's lifestyle.
Diagnosis of gout
Diagnosis can be diagnosed only by a doctor based on a number of studies such as:
- a general blood test( eg, ESR and leukocyte count will tell about the activity of the process);
- blood test for rheumatic factor, sialic acids, seromucoids, uric acid( is a criterion of gout disease);
- ultrasound of the affected joint in the period of exacerbation;
- investigation of joint synovial fluid.
It is also necessary to consult a rheumatologist as a specialist in this field.
Treatment of gout
If you are diagnosed with gout, or "gouty arthritis," the treatment will be comprehensive, including medications, a certain diet and lifestyle changes.
In the medical treatment of this disease, usually prescribed:
- non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs;
- corticosteroids and painkillers;
- drugs that reduce the level of uric acid in the blood.
It should be noted that the medical treatment of gout has its own characteristics due to impaired renal function. Therefore, if the patient, in addition to gouty arthritis, suffers from other diseases, such as angina and heart failure, the use of a number of drugs for their treatment, such as Concor, involves dose adjustment. With neglected forms of gout, when the body is in a state of metabolic acidosis( i.e., acidification of the body with salts of uric acid), the same Concor is completely contraindicated. The use of Concor is possible only with mild forms of gout, when the filtration function of the kidneys is reduced slightly. Of course, such features of the use of Concor medicine should be taken into account by the doctor when prescribing complex treatment.
In addition to drug therapy, gout should lead a healthy lifestyle( HLS). HLS is a complex concept that includes the following elements.
A proper diet should be followed. With gout, the various extractive products should be minimized: smoked meat, mayonnaise, salting. Also, a diet high in protein is unacceptable, since a large amount of urea is formed during the splitting of a large amount of animal products and the load on the kidneys and joints increases many times. The diet should be balanced and contain products that relieve gout attacks, for example, fresh cherries, raspberries( contains salicylates that remove inflammation).In the menu must be present coarse fiber, especially in fresh form: leafy greens, seasonal vegetables, fruits. Your inner desire to eat this or that product should tell you what exactly your body needs right now.
A balanced diet is an integral part of HLS.Especially if the patient has a concomitant disease, like diabetes. Diabetes of the second type, i.e. diabetes, makes serious demands on the patient's diet. Therefore, the menu of a person who has two metabolic diseases( gout and diabetes) should take into account all the necessary restrictions. Of course, the optimal diet will help make up a doctor, but to diversify the daily diet is your task. For people suffering from gout and diabetes, the menu should consist of light, freshly prepared diet foods rich in vitamins, fiber, complex carbohydrates and lean proteins. Diabetes does not accept fast carbohydrates, so you'll have to forget about store sweets and homemade jams. And with a simultaneous disease of gout and diabetes, you must be doubly strict to your diet and not allow yourself indulgence, despite the holidays, etc. The reception of food should give you joy and energy, and not lead into a sleepy relaxed state. Your health after eating is the main criterion for the correctness of the diet.
For those suffering from gout, moderate physical exertion is simply necessary, therefore, physical activities such as cycling, walking, swimming are suitable for patients. Sports will help you build muscle to accelerate metabolism and maintain the skeleton. After all, with moderate physical training, endorphins are allocated - hormones of happiness, or so-called muscle joy. During exercise, do not forget to drink enough liquid( at least 30 ml per kilogram of weight) to avoid the same accumulation of uric acid.
To ensure yourself the right level of physical activity, you should visit the gym, where you need to pay considerable attention to training on various shells or to purchase an exercise bike home. Buying an exercise bike, you solve the problem of lack of motor activity. In addition, sport will firmly enter your life. However, when a patient has gout and diabetes, physical exertion should be treated with caution, because gout therapy requires an active lifestyle. But if the patient has diabetes, then injuries are undesirable. In this case, it is the exercise bike that will allow you to maintain yourself in good shape and not have complications.
Positive emotions are needed, which in themselves accelerate the metabolism. In his spare time, he should spend more time outdoors, travel, meet with relatives and friends, organize trips to nature, attend cultural events taking place in the city. Your life should be interesting. Despite the ailments try to be more often in a good mood, because it in itself improves the resistance of the body to various diseases.
It is important to reject bad habits( overeating, smoking, alcohol).The diagnosis of "gouty arthritis" puts an end to a number of long-term bad habits. As a result, you have additional free time and fresh forces to fight disease. But you can not do without patience, because rejection of bad habits will not bring an instant result. You need to wait until the process of cleansing the body of accumulated harmful substances( nicotine, alcohol) is over. Then you can count not only on the help of medications, but also on the body's own strengths.
Prophylactic measures, compatibility with sport
The main preventive measure to prevent such a disease as gout is HLS, i.e. proper nutrition, active physical activity and, of course, periodic preventive medical examinations for early detection of diseases. Health should be protected from the young, so for preventive purposes, you should regularly visit fitness centers or exercise at home using an exercise bike. This type of exercise is optimal for those suffering from gout and allows you to keep yourself in good physical shape. Of course, for the prevention of various diseases, it is not necessary to go into big sports, it is enough to make an exercise bike your constant companion. You can choose the right exercise bike in a specialized store. Be sure to test it in the work, let the seller show you all the modes and capabilities that the bike you have chosen has. You can also try to find the model that you liked when working in a fitness club. However, most likely, in the gym will be presented a professional and rather expensive exercise bike.
In addition to playing sports, HLS, of course, is impossible without a balanced diet. Your diet should cover your energy costs, be varied and tasty. Otherwise, no HLS will come out.
Do not forget that a healthy lifestyle is the prevention of many diseases, especially such as diabetes, heart disease, overweight and, of course, gout.
In combination with the right mindset, a healthy lifestyle is the only sure way to stay in the ranks for as long as possible and not get sick.
Diet for gout and diabetes
- Sample menu
The joint course of gout and diabetes is not uncommon. So in each of the cases, the cause of the disease is malnutrition, accompanied by excess weight. The consequence of these processes is the deposition of urate( uric acid), which causes gout and increased blood glucose, which leads to diabetes.
Features of the gust disease
When the content of purines in the body exceeds the norm, and this is due to the abundant amount of food that contains the substance, the kidneys fail to cure uric acid, which in turn is a product of the purine decay.
Uric acid, accumulating in large quantities and not having the ability to go outside, is transformed into crystals, which become the cause of the inflammatory process in the joints. The whole process is the disease of gout, which is most often localized in the joints of the lower extremities.
Gout occurs against a background of a number of reasons, which are often related. First of all, people with genetic predisposition to the disease are subject to gout, although sedentary lifestyle, alcohol abuse, fatty foods and abundance of meat in the diet, overweight, are the trigger for the formation of the disease.
The risk group for this disease is the male population aged 40-60 years. The reason for this are late calorie dinners from meat dishes, which are accompanied by beer. Diagnosis of gout is possible by the following symptoms:
- for the onset of the disease is characterized by sudden development, with sharp pain in the region of the big toe;
- further the integuments in the affected area turn red, swell and become hot when in contact;
- at later stages of the disease, there are problems with urination, especially at night - this indicates gouty attacks, the frequent occurrence of which is characteristic of this disease;
- in the case of an advanced process of the disease course, articular joints are deformed and limb mobility is reduced.
Features of the current diabetes mellitus
The manifestations of diabetes mellitus are observed due to impaired metabolism, which in turn, changes under the influence of pathological effects on pancreatic cells. All these processes occur against the background of a lack of insulin in the body.
Diabetes mellitus is classified into two forms - the first and second type.
For the first type is characterized by an elevated concentration in the blood of glucose, which the body simply does not have time to process. There is a huge shortage of insulin production, which is necessary for the normal functioning of the body. Often, patients with the first type of diabetes have a lean physique.
In case the patient is diagnosed with a second type of diabetes, then normal insulin production is observed for the body, but its effect on tissue is disrupted, which leads to weight gain and obesity.
The onset of diabetes is very difficult to recognize, but the reason for visiting a doctor and conducting a survey should be the following symptoms:
- constant thirst is perhaps the most common symptom of diabetes, which manifests itself against the background of dehydration and frequent urination;
- a sharp decrease in weight, which is observed with a large consumption of high-calorie foods;
- general weakness of the body, fatigue and not ability to withstand physical activity;
- frequent dizziness and drop of vision;
- in the limbs can be observed periodic numbness, muscle cramps and tingling;
- wounds, scratches heal long and hard;
- the sexual inclination disappears.
Treatment of gout in a patient with diabetes
When diagnosing both diseases at once, treatment should be performed under strict medical supervision. Treatment includes a range of complex procedures, among which, in addition to taking medications and physiotherapy methods, an important element is dietary nutrition.
The recommended diet for diabetes and gout includes bans on a certain group of foods and approved foods.
Foods banned by
From the diet of a patient suffering from gout and diabetes, the following foods are excluded:
- food prepared on meat, especially red meat, and fish of fatty varieties( concerns first courses and second);
- by-products - lungs, liver, kidneys.
- sweets, flour products, chocolate;
- alcohol in any form, sweet soda, strong tea and coffee.
Any high-calorie food for the period of treatment of diseases should be excluded from the daily menu of the patient. And in consequence, these products can not be frequent "guests" on the table, since they can provoke a relapse. Therefore, a diet with these diseases is also a prevention of these.
What you can eat
A diet of patients with gout and diabetes mellitus, built on foods that are rich in fiber and carbohydrates. At the same time, the latter should belong to a group of complex ones that are slowly absorbed by the body - due to them, the sugar content in the blood will increase gradually, thereby maintaining the balance necessary for life.
Food products that are allowed and should be present in the daily diet of the patient are divided into the following groups:
- sour-milk products - its consumption is allowed in unlimited quantities( cheese, kefir, sour cream, cottage cheese);
- cereals - buckwheat, rice and other cereals;
- pasta should only be solid varieties;
- sweets - honey, jam( in a small amount) and dried fruits( dates, raisins);
- from vegetables are preferred cucumbers and tomatoes, potatoes and cabbage, spinach, pumpkin;
- berries and nuts;
- spices are allowed in small quantities;
- among the drinks should predominate alkaline mineral water, fruit drinks, decoctions, for example, from rose hips and simple purified water.
Even with significant restrictions in food, the diet for diabetes and gout can be tasty and varied. A sample menu for one day is as follows:
- For breakfast, you can cook boiled buckwheat porridge, and a sweet dessert is a good substitute for low-fat cottage cheese. You can afford and tea, but only with the addition of milk.
- Diet for these diseases should consist of frequent food intake, but in small portions. As a second breakfast, a decoction on wheat bran was well proven.
- Lunch should be more dense. Here, in addition to vegetable soup and salad from boiled or fresh vegetables, once or twice a week, you can vary the menu with a small amount of lean meat( chicken, rabbit, turkey).
- For a snack, berries or fruit jelly are preferred. Of fruits, you can afford only an apple, so the rest often contain a large amount of sugar.
- Vegetables and slaves of low-fat, white sea varieties can make up the ration of evening food consumption. If the famine makes itself felt, you can drink a glass of kefir closer to bed.
- During the whole day, it is necessary to drink water so that its total quantity is not lower than two liters.
Proper nutrition is an important point in the overall treatment of both diseases, so correcting your daily diet and adhering to a diet in the future, you can avoid relapse.
About the diet with gout
With diabetes, as you know, you need a special diet. But with diabetes, which is burdened with such a disease as gout, a special diet is simply necessary, including only specific chocolate .This is due to the fact that with gout it is necessary not only to maintain the optimal functioning of the metabolism, but also to remember the joints and many other nuances that are accompanied by type 1 and type 2 diabetes. What is this diet and what are its nuances?
food regimen Not only in diabetes, but also with gout, it is a prerequisite to adhere to the diet, except for fritters .You need to eat regularly - at least four times a day, it will be best to do it at the same time of the day. In addition, the diet does not allow overeating and fasting, because it can cause a new attack and significantly worsen the condition of the diabetic. Those who have encountered gout need to struggle with the superfluous body index, but a sudden decrease in it may also be harmful, products, which lower the sugar , will be most useful.
The diet introduced for gout and diabetes should necessarily include a sufficiently large amount of fluid:
- is not less than 1.5 - 2 liters in normal health;
- during the period of exacerbation of increased sugar this figure should reach three liters.
It can be not only mineral water, but also compotes, fruit drinks or light black or green tea. Extremely useful is a decoction made from rose hips. Use it better in between meals for gout and diabetes.
About what is forbidden
What kind of meat can I have with gout?
For a better understanding of what a diet is, it is necessary to identify a list of those products that are banned from consumption, not forgetting the nuances when eating grapefruit .First of all, the restrictions should concern meat-type products. So, a diabetic whose condition is burdened with gout is simply obliged to abandon broths cooked from meat, fish and mushrooms. Also for gout and diabetes of any type it is inadmissible to consume meat of young animals, by-products( liver, kidneys, lungs), meat smoked products, sauces and animal fats.
Consumption is excluded even in minimum quantities of salted and fried fish, canned fish and caviar. In case of any exacerbation, fatty species of fish should be excluded in any form.
In the case of compliance with a similar diet for gout, you should completely stop using all varieties of legumes.
It's about lentils, peas, beans, beans and soy. Also, various spices, including pepper, horseradish and mustard, are undesirable. Thus, the diet completely excludes any products that are slightly different from dietary and have a sharp or simply sharp taste. After all, this can adversely affect the state of health in diabetes, which, moreover, is burdened with gout.
It is strongly recommended not to drink any alcohol, even if it is a question of such a weak type as beer. Experts do not recommend resorting to strong tea, coffee and even cocoa. Excluded:
- chocolate products;
- cakes and cream-colored cakes;
About cheese banned from gout
Prohibited are, among other things, cheeses with a salty and sharp taste. A list of those dishes and foods that are permissible to use in diabetes, is much longer. These products should significantly alleviate the condition of the patient with gout. Undoubtedly, this will happen only if the diet is strictly observed.
About what is allowed by
The most appropriate option in the case of gout, weighed down by diabetes, will be a diet with a vegetarian bias. We are talking about all sorts of vegetable and milk soups, fermented milk products and fruit-based broths.
Of the varieties of meat in the diet should include, of course, those that are meat of a dietary type. It's about chicken, turkey, rabbit. Allow experts in gout and diabetes to eat eggs of chicken, boiled fish, squid and shrimp.
If you follow a diet, cottage cheese of low fat type and dishes made from it, as well as types of cheese with a low degree of fat content, will be extremely useful. Experts advise to eat cereals from a variety of cereals, pasta-type products. Porridge should be prepared on diluted milk, so that the diet is fully respected. So-called whole milk should be drunk with extreme caution.
All varieties of vegetables are recommended: from white cabbage and carrots to potatoes, cucumbers, zucchini and eggplant. At the same time, it is much more correct to limit the use of cauliflower, asparagus, spinach, rhubarb, celery, pepper and radish.
Undoubtedly useful should be considered green, but green onions and parsley are the most appropriate in small quantities in diabetes and, most importantly, with gout.
What kind of fruit can I have with gout?
The essence of the therapeutic diet for arthrosis
At the moment of increasing the level of uric acid and accumulating it around the joints and begins to gout. Over time, this acid slightly modifies, and there are purines. It should be noted that these substances are produced not only when the excretory system is malfunctioning and metabolic processes are slowed down, we also get them from food( dry squid, spices, ready seasonings, in animal fats - cholesterol).And they accumulate both in the knees, and in the joints of the hands, veins and arteries.
Combined low-protein diet helps to control the production and removal of uric acid in gout, which significantly improves well-being, with osteoarthritis, pain and illness recede. Once again, we draw your attention to the fact that a low-carbohydrate diet does not heal, but only contributes to the release of the body from acid and salts with exacerbation of joint arthrosis, rheumatism and even hepatitis. In addition, it significantly reduces weight, which also plays a huge role during the recovery of the body after antibiotics, with diathesis, hypertension and the treatment of cancer. Video: Nutrition for gout
Principles of Nutrition for the treatment of gout
Diet 6 for gout is prescribed by doctors also for the treatment of urolithiasis, and with diabetes. Despite the fact that the main symptom of all these diseases is a sharp increase in weight, doctors categorically forbid hunger strikes. It is important to gradually reduce weight.
Adverse effects on arthritis and arthrosis diet Dukan, in order to organize treatment for gout, you need a strict protein-free food system. The basis is the indicator for 1 kilogram of body weight to 1 gram of protein. Therefore, it can be assumed that the list of prohibited products is quite extensive.
Proper nutrition for gout is in full compliance with the lists of allowed and prohibited products, the attention of readers - free table "What can and can not be done with gout".Authorized products Drinks Other recommendations
|Antipuric does not prohibit the consumption of fresh fruits and vegetables, especially useful celery, tomatoes, cucumbers, cabbage, persimmons and green apples.||Avoid or completely limit the use of high purine products - meat by-products, herring, anchovies and mackerel.||Complete refusal of alcohol, in particular, beer causes an exacerbation of gout, urolithiasis and promotes obesity.||Meat, fish and seafood are extremely unwelcome guests in the diet, but a day you can eat 100 grams of these products.|
|Gipolipidaemic diet recommends gout for drinking up to a liter of fresh juices per day, this helps the body to purify itself of purines and salt||Red meat( beef, pork and lamb), fat fish and seafood( tuna, shrimp, lobster and scallops)||You can not drinknothing that contains sugar syrup - kvass( not home), soda, artificial juices.||It is allowed before dinner to drink 100 grams of real red wine as an aperitif.|
|Eat complex carbohydrates - oatmeal, buckwheat and rice porridge, coarse bread.||Reduce the intake of saturated fats, which reduce the ability of the body to independently dispose of uric acid. It's beans.||Bezpurinovaya diet also prohibits the use of instant coffee, although the analog of green grains has a very beneficial effect on the body.||If a day to drink 8 cups of plain water, then in men and a half times the probability of gout, especially with obesity, decreases.|
Diet menu for goutPhoto - Products with gout disease
Arthrosis of the knee joints is most common, and the salt-free diet for gout is well received. And we offer a menu for a week with gout, which uses the American anti-protein diet, by the way, it is universally recognized and the best. Step-by-Step Power Supply:
Day One .
- Breakfast: sandwich of bread with bran, fruit fresh, corn flakes;
- Lunch: salad with green vegetables and fruits, a slice of ham, baked potatoes;
- Dinner: baked white fish, rice with stewed vegetables. Day of the second .
- Breakfast. Skimmed milk, oatmeal with yoghurt and pineapple, bread of coarse grinding;
- Lunch. Braised rabbit with vegetables, squash( not canned), juice;
- Dinner. Boiled vegetables, lean meat, a slice of bread and cheese. Day Three .
- Breakfast.2 eggs( cook as you like) with two slices of whole grain bread, a glass of skim milk or cocoa;
- Lunch. Shchi on lean meat, vegetable salad, juice;
- Dinner.100 grams of salmon, stewed vegetables, cocoa. Day four.
- Breakfast. Watermelon diet: recommends after eating oatmeal with fruit, cut into porridge apples, watermelon, peach, whatever there is. Milk or some green tea( naturally, or completely without anything, or on a sugar substitute);Dinner. Tomato soup, boiled rice, a sandwich with butter and cheese;Dinner. Boiled potatoes, fish, milk sauce, yogurt or juice.
- Breakfast. Bread with butter and nuts, juice, several slices of cheese;
- Lunch. Vegetable lasagna, toasts from whole wheat bread, yogurt or juice;
- Dinner. Rice soup, cheese sticks, cocoa.
The sixth day.
- Breakfast. From this day, a tough diet is over, in the morning you can eat a sandwich with butter, cucumber, tomato, cheese and a slice of ham. Even a little coffee is allowed;
- Lunch. Braised potatoes with vegetables, a piece of watermelon, skim milk;
- Dinner. Pumpkin soup with croutons, stewed vegetables, kefir.
The seventh and final day.
- Oat or buckwheat cereal in milk, cheese, tea without sugar;
- Lunch. Vegetable soup with white fish, toasted whole grains, milk;
- Dinner. Boiled chicken, steamed vegetables, cheese, kefir or cocoa.
You can use as snacks:
- drink apple cider vinegar( naturally diluted with water);
- dried fruits.
But most often, a complex diet for women with gout implies treatment for a month or more. In this case, you just need our recommendations for cooking with arthrosis on the hands and feet. We suggest to read with recipes for gout :
Schi - a national dish of Russian cuisine. We will need citric acid, sauerkraut, lean meat, greens( celery and parsley - rhizomes), wholemeal flour or semolina porridge. Cut the greens and onion into cubes, fry until soft. Pre-cook meat.Photos - Fruits
In a saucepan with a ready broth throw the roast, sauerkraut, a few spoons of manga or flour, greens, the approximate cooking time - 20 minutes. Season to taste, serve on the table with milk or fat-free sour cream. You may notice differences from the traditional recipe, but you need to remember that this is a special kitchen for treatment.
Any medical forum will confirm that the right diet for gout is a great way to not only cleanse the body of salts and toxins, but also to lower blood sugar, lose weight and remove blood cholesterol plaques, even regardless of what stage of arthrosis and whethersymptoms in the active phase.
The culinary book of recipes for gout basically consists of vegetable dishes, and some of the most popular is the tomato soup. To make it you need to boil tomatoes in the skin, peel them from the skin, bring to a puree state. Separately fry onions and garlic in vegetable oil. Mix the roast with the tomato puree in a saucepan, pour water, cook for half an hour, add a lot of potatoes and greens, cook until ready. With increased salt formation, this is not recommended, but modern cooking implies the mandatory use of spices, sprinkle our soup with paprika, pepper and salt.
As you can see, in these recipes there are practically no empty calories( such as E-supplements or light carbohydrates) and cholesterol, which means they can use in any diet, and with a heart attack( meaning, recovery after it), andeven during chemotherapy.
Author: Marina Grishkova. Rubric: Our Health .
Diets for diabetes mellitus type 1 and 2 / Djeni.org
Diet for type 1 diabetes
The main method of treatment in patients with type 1 diabetes is insulin therapy. However, an important role is played by observance of proper nutrition. People with this disease are very important to monitor their weight, keeping it within normal limits, so the amount of food consumed must be controlled. With excessive consumption of food - the weight is quickly typed, with a lack of food - sharply reduced.
The amount of carbohydrates consumed and the meal schedule should be constant - this contributes to stable insulin therapy. The diet should be quite diverse, and carbohydrates, fats and proteins are balanced for a particular patient, since the metabolic rate is an individual indicator. Alcohol in diabetes is completely excluded.
Carbohydrates are the main source of energy, so in a daily diet they should be about 55-60%.It is recommended to eat greens, nuts, vegetables, lentils, fruits, milk, sour-milk products. It is necessary to limit the consumption of bananas, natural fruit juices, black bread, corn, oat flakes. It should be sharply limited in the diet of gray and white bread, shortbread, biscuits, rice, beer. But carbonated drinks, corn and rice flakes, honey and sugar are recommended to be excluded from your menu.
It is necessary to plan your diet, as diabetic patients need to monitor the amount of carbohydrates - this is necessary in order to enter the right amount of insulin. For convenience in the calculation of carbohydrates was introduced a special parameter - the bread unit, equal to 10-12 grams of pure carbohydrates. A detailed menu, frequency and time of meals should be discussed with your doctor.
Diet for gout and diabetes
Disease, provoked by the accumulation and excess of salt uric acid in the body, is called gout. It can result from excessive consumption of fatty high-calorie food or vice versa. Diabetes and gout can be classified as related diseases, because the causes of their occurrence are quite similar and are associated with an unhealthy lifestyle. It is worth noting that gout and diabetes often lead to obesity.
One of the methods of treatment in this case is diet food, appointed by a qualified doctor. To prevent the development of these two diseases, you can use some recommendations:
- You need to control your weight. It is advisable to exclude high-calorie food from your diet as far as possible.
- Perform regular physical exercises( depending on the state of health and in the absence of medical contraindications).
- Alcoholic beverages should be completely ruled out. According to numerous studies, the use of beer can affect the development of gout.
- Sharply limit the presence of sugary drinks in the menu.
- It is necessary to strictly adhere to a diet prescribed by a doctor and follow the recommendations of specialists in the normalization of metabolism.
- Use as much as possible skimmed milk products.
If you suspect diabetes or gout, seek medical advice immediately.
Diet for Diabetes for Pregnant Women
A balanced diet for diabetes during pregnancy is one of the main methods for controlling high levels of glucose. Such a measure is very important, and the main task of the future mother is to regulate her diet, while observing all the medical recommendations. In most cases, thanks to this method, the level of glucose comes back to normal.
During this period, the use of cheese and sour cream is allowed in small quantities, while from the sweet one it is necessary to refuse. A sufficient amount of carbohydrates should be present in the ration of a pregnant woman, and the fat content should be reduced. Fruits and vegetables do not have to be restricted - they are still allowed to eat as much as necessary. Many experts believe that the ideal menu is as follows: half of it is carbohydrates, and the remaining two quarters share fats and proteins among themselves.
Specific menu and the number of calories must be agreed with the doctor.
Diet for gestational diabetes
When blood sugar rises during pregnancy, they talk about the development of gestational diabetes. Gestational diabetes, in contrast to diabetes mellitus permanent, completely passes after childbirth. Often, the future mother does not even suspect the development of this disease, which is why it is important to take the blood test for sugar on time. Maintaining the sugar level is normal in the treatment of diabetes in pregnant women. It should correspond to the norm, both before the intake of the planned food, and after it.
It should be eaten at least six times a day - this will ensure a uniform supply of energy and nutrients throughout the day, as well as help avoid sudden jumps of sugar. Diet diets for pregnant women should be arranged so that whenever possible the supply of simple carbohydrates with food was excluded, complex carbohydrates were limited to 50% of the total volume of consumed food, and the remaining 50% are divided between fats and proteins.
The required number of calories and the exact diet menu is set exclusively by the doctor.
Diabetes diet and pancreatitis
In pancreatic diabetes, a very important factor is the proper adherence to a prescribed diet. The diet regimen assumes food intake in small portions with an interval of 3-4 hours. Eat at a clear time. The diet in this disease is aimed at ensuring a sparing regimen of the pancreas and on assisting in the restoration of its functions. With pancreatitis, doctors can be prescribed a protein-based low-fat diet, with diabetes often recommended treatment table number nine.
These diets are quite similar among themselves, so the patient, consulting with a doctor about the need to make various adjustments and additions, can take advantage of one of them.