Ointment for knee joints
Knee joints are very vulnerable and often subjected to increased stress, so their pathologies are diagnosed very often. The causes and symptoms of diseases of knee joints are diverse, but almost all pathologies from this group lead to impairment of mobility in the knee, restriction of movement, swelling, and pain. In the absence of adequate treatment, disability often develops.
All diseases of knee joints( arthritis, bursitis, arthrosis, etc.) require complex therapy, and treatment often involves the use of ointments( gels, balms, etc.).These means for external use are intended, mainly, for pain relief, reduction of inflammatory processes and swelling in the knee area. Consider, the treatment with which ointments is recommended most often if the knee joints ache.
Ointments for the treatment of knee joints
Ointments for pain in knee joints can be divided into three main groups:
- pain relievers;
- is an anti-inflammatory.
Let's give the names of effective and common ointments for knee joints and briefly characterize them.
Anesthetic ointments for knee joints
This type of ointment is intended primarily for use immediately after the injury of the joint( as a result of impact, fall, etc.).These funds, as a rule, have a cooling effect, soothe the affected area, help to reduce pain and prevent the appearance of puffiness.
These ointments can be administered with the following substances:
- essential oils;
- anticoagulants, etc.
When applying such products, do not rub them into the skin, but simply apply a thin layer of damage to the skin. It should also be noted that these medications are not applied to open wounds.
The list of pain relievers for joints includes such drugs:
- Dolobene et al
Warming ointments for knee joints
Ointments with a warming effect are not used immediately after the injury, but in the rehabilitation period. Also, they are often recommended to use for preventive purposes before physical exertion, training. The composition of these funds usually includes components of natural origin, causing a rush of blood to the affected joint. Thanks to this, the speed of metabolic processes increases, and the restoration of knee tissues occurs faster. Ointments for joints of the knee of the warming action should be used with caution.they can cause allergic reactions, burns. This includes such drugs as:
- Espol, etc.
Anti-inflammatory ointment for knee joints
This group includes ointments containing various non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. These ointments should be applied, lightly rubbing into the skin with massage movements. Their systematic use helps to reduce pain in the joints of the knees, eliminate stiffness, improve motor activity, and remove puffiness. The pronounced anti-inflammatory effect is due to the good absorption of the drug and the accumulation of active substances in the synovial membrane and synovial fluid of the knee joint. Popular agents related to anti-inflammatorytopical preparations are:
- Nurofen et al
It should be noted that any of the ointments listed above should be used only after consultation with the doctor and establishing the cause of inflammation and pain of the knee joint.
The best medicines for joints
Joint pain is one of the most common reasons people turn to a pharmacy. However, it should be understood that the doctor must prescribe the medicine for joint pain. Pain in the joints and bones is a terrible symptom of the appearance of severe chronic diseases, therefore, in no case should one engage in self-medication. In the first place, you should go through the examination and find out the cause of the disease. Medications for the treatment of joints and spine can be in the form of ointments and tablets.
Treatment of joints with the help of tablets
Relatively recently on the market appeared and very quickly proved to be pills of artra. In its composition, arthra resembles a teraflex preparation, however these tablets have a lower concentration of chondroitin sulfate and glucosamine hydrochloride. Arthra is used as a stimulant for the regeneration of cartilaginous tissue.
Tablets of arthra have found wide application in the treatment of osteochondrosis of the spine and diseases of the musculoskeletal system, which are accompanied by disorders in the cartilaginous tissue. Arthra can be used simultaneously with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, antispasmodics, group B vitamins and drugs that improve peripheral circulation.
Artra helps to restore the matrix of cartilaginous tissue, protects the intervertebral discs of the spine and joints from destructive factors, and also improves the metabolism in cartilage tissue.
Among other things, arthra has an anti-inflammatory effect. Tablets of arthra can be used in both acute and chronic diseases of the joints and spine. This drug can be distinguished among others also because it does not cause any side effects. Tablets of arthra can not be used only with individual intolerance.
Treatment of joints and bones with warming ointmentsSeveral types of ointments are used for the treatment of joints. They can be divided into anti-inflammatory, chondroprotective and warming. When applying warming ointments, the blood vessels expand on the area of the affected joint, the local blood flow improves. Due to this, the inflow of nutrients and oxygen increases, the metabolism improves. Thus, the metabolism in the joint tissues improves. This contributes to the slowing down of pathological processes, due to which there is an improvement or recovery.
Use in the treatment of such ointments is possible only during a period of persistent remission. If you apply ointment on the inflamed joint, the symptoms will only increase, because with inflammation the blood vessels are dilated. The warming ointment most often has in its composition the following components: bee venom, methyl salicylate, hot pepper extract and snake venom.
The most popular ointments are apizarthron, capsicum, viprosal, finalgon. Treatment of the spine and joints with the help of a warming ointment should be done very carefully, since its use can lead to the appearance of an allergic reaction. Therefore, before starting treatment, it is necessary to make an allergy test. Warming up ointments can not be used for dermatitis, damage to the skin and other skin diseases.
Treatment of joints and the spine with the help of warming ointment can only be combined with other methods of treatment. Only this approach can help get rid of the disease and restore ease of movement.
Use of viprosal for pain in joints
Viprosal is used when there is a pain syndrome in patients suffering from arthritis of various etiologies. Only balm is applied externally. It is applied to painful areas of the skin that are previously washed with warm water.Balm should be applied no more than once a day. Viprosal slowly rubbed into the skin. Usually the treatment with viprosalum does not exceed one week. Care should be taken when using the drug. Hands after applying vyprosala carefully washed with soap, so that the ointment does not get on the mucous membranes afterwards.
Viprosal can not be used in febrile state, pulmonary tuberculosis, severe violations of the liver or kidney function, propensity to angiospasm, severe coronary and cerebral circulatory insufficiency.
Viprosal is not recommended for pregnancy and lactation, as well as for hypersensitivity to the components of the drug. When allergic reactions occur, the drug is washed off the skin.
Application of finalgon from joints
It is very effective to warm up the joints with the help of the finalizing ointment. To do this, a small amount of the drug is applied to the skin area to assess the individual response of the body. The reaction to the drug in each person is different: some enough small amounts of ointment to achieve the desired effect, and some need more amount to warm up the joint well.
Ointment should be applied with light rubbing movements. To enhance the therapeutic effect of the final, the skin area can be wrapped with a woolen cloth. With frequent use of the drug, the reaction to it may decrease, so the dose is increased. After applying the ointment hand thoroughly washed with soap.
In case of an overdose, body temperature may increase, redness may appear, vesicles and pustules may occur at the site of application. To reduce the effect of the final, the ointment is removed from the surface of the skin with the help of a cream on a fatty basis or vegetable oil. If you accidentally get the ointment on the mucous membrane of the eye, it is cleaned with medical Vaseline.Finalgon is not recommended for use in pregnancy and lactation, children under 12 years of age, with increased sensitivity to the components of the drug. You can not apply ointment to inflamed areas, open wounds, to the inner side of the thighs, neck, and lower abdomen. After or before applying the final, you must not take a hot shower or bath.
When applying, avoid getting the ointment in the mouth, nose, eyes and face.
Use of ointment capsicam for pain in joints
Active components of ointment capsicum have anti-inflammatory, analgesic and vasodilating effects. The drug is quickly absorbed: after a few minutes after the application there is a feeling of warmth and burning, painful sensations decrease.
The skin temperature on the application areas is increased by several degrees within 2-3 hours. Pain symptoms decrease or completely disappear after 40 minutes after application.
Capsicum also can not be used for skin diseases and hypersensitivity to the components of the drug. Capsicum is not used during pregnancy and lactation.When the itching and redness appear, the ointment is rinsed with vegetable oil. With prolonged use, there may be swelling of the skin, in this case, treatment with capsicam should be discontinued.
Use of apizarthron in the treatment of joint pain
Many successfully treat diseases of joints and the spine with the help of ointment apizartron. The main component of the drug is bee venom, which since ancient times is considered to be the best remedy for the treatment of the musculoskeletal system. Bee venom was used in ancient Greece, India and China. Ancient recipes were lost, so in research centers began to develop drugs based on bee venom. The composition of bee venom is so complex that it can not be reconstructed artificially. The main components of bee venom are divided into groups of biogenic amines, minerals, enzymes and polypeptides. Thanks to one enzyme, the permeability of the skin and vessels is increased, whereby other enzymes can reach the very center of inflammation as quickly as possible.
Apisatron on bee venom is the ideal solution for the elimination of pain in the knees. This is a combined effect, which perfectly anesthetizes and relieves inflammation. In addition to bee venom, the preparation contains methyl salicylate, allyl isothiocyanate and other auxiliary substances that contribute to ensuring the maximum absorption rate of the therapeutic components.In addition to the analgesic and warming effect, the apizatron improves the metabolism in tissues, increases the elasticity of muscles and connective tissue, and reduces muscle tone. The effect of the drug begins in a few minutes after application to the skin area. After a while, the skin starts to turn red, a feeling of warmth appears. Massaging movements of the ointment rubbed into the skin. You can also warm the sore spot with a woolen cloth. After drawing the hands thoroughly wash with soap.
Apizatron can not be used for skin lesions and injuries, hypersensitivity to bee venom, salicylate and isothiocyanate, during pregnancy and breastfeeding. If irritation occurs, which is caused by an overdose of the drug, treatment with ointment should be discontinued.
Tips for using heating ointments for the treatment of joints and spine
It should be remembered that with the simultaneous use of several medicinal ointments, their action may be weakened or, conversely, strengthened. Thus, you can achieve the acceleration of the desired effect or get an overdose( which will lead to very undesirable consequences).In any case, it is not necessary to conduct independent experiments, it is better to consult a doctor in advance.
In case of exacerbation of diseases of the joints and spine, bed rest, correct balance of sleep and rest, good nutrition are recommended. In addition, ointments use physiotherapy. Sick places can be heated by UHF lamps, taking ozone and radon baths.
Ointment for pain in the joints can be prepared at home on their own. To do this, in equal proportions mix dry mustard, alcohol and camphor. Such a tool will easily help reduce acute pain and relieve inflammation. The ointment is applied a thin layer and wrapped around the sore spot with a cotton or woolen cloth.
Bed rest should be observed until complete disappearance or a significant reduction in the inflammatory process. Experts recommend during treatment to reduce the amount of carbohydrates consumed and increase the amount of proteins. It is necessary to exclude the use of spicy spices, canned goods, confectionery, beans, roasted meat and fish, coffee and cocoa.
Only with a comprehensive approach to treatment can you expect to recover soon.
Joint pain, swelling, mobility limitation caused by them - the problem is quite frequent. Such symptoms can be consequences of trauma caused by hypothermia, salt deposits, inflammatory diseases, for example, arthritis, arthrosis, gout, etc. As an external agent for the treatment of joints, various ointments and creams with an analgesic and anti-inflammatory effect are used, the choice of which in anypharmacy is quite wide.
Cream for joint pain
For the treatment of joint pain, creams, ointments and balms based on non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are considered to be the most effective. Such drugs are well absorbed through the skin, relieve pain and reduce inflammation:
1. Diclofenac-based drugs:
- Voltaren Emulgel;
2. Ketoprofen-based preparations:
- Ketonal gel.
3. Indomethacin Ointment.
4. Preparations based on ibuprofen:
- cream Dolgit;
- cream Ibalgin.
5. Nimesulide-based drugs:
In these preparations, the anti-inflammatory effect is expressed significantly more than the analgesic.
Heating creams for joints
Drugs of this category have irritating and vasodilating effect. In the area treated with ointment, the temperature rises, the vessels expand, which improves blood circulation, accelerates the delivery of useful substances and normalization of metabolic processes in the periarticular tissues, and also stimulates excretion of toxins and toxins resulting from inflammation. We list the most effective drugs:
1. Warm-up ointments based on hot pepper have the strongest heating effect, but can cause irritation on the skin. These include:
2. The cream for joints with bee venom has not only a warming up but also anti-inflammatory effect. To this category of drugs for joints are:
- cream Sophia;
3. Ointments based on snake venom:
4. Ointments based on salicylic acid and its derivatives:
Drugs have a milder effect in comparison with previous categories.
In addition to the above drugs, a pronounced effect, with prolonged use, is given to creams and ointments on a plant basis. On sale they are usually found under the name of the main vegetable ingredient:
- cream for joints of the Golden Us;
- ointment; Sabelnik;
- The Lifeblue;
- Chaga;Tiger Ointment, etc.
Various diseases of the musculoskeletal system and the spine are accompanied by painful sensations, which are difficult to eliminate with the help of conventional non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Therefore, in such cases it is recommended to use warming ointments, which, due to the irritating effect, significantly help to reduce the intensity of pain.
Heating ointments for osteochondrosis
This pathology is characterized by abrasion of the cartilaginous tissue and can be localized in any part of the spine. A warming ointment for the back contributes to the intensification of blood circulation in the application area. As a result, the flow of lymph to the tissues and nerve roots improves, excessive puffiness is eliminated and the pain syndrome is stopped for a long time.
The most effective drugs for osteochondrosis are:
- turpentine ointment;
- Deep Relief;
- Fastum gel.
It should be noted that often in combination with locally irritating medicines, local anesthetics are prescribed:
Typically, a noticeable effect is made after 20 minutes after the application of the drug. In this case, these tools do not need to be rubbed, just leave them a thin layer to soak.
It is possible to successfully apply the listed warming ointments for joints with arthroses and arthritis. The medicaments perfectly relieve pain due to galling of the cartilaginous tissue, help restore mobility in the affected limbs, eliminate swelling.
Warm up ointment for leg muscles
Most often these tools are used by professional athletes after a warm-up to prepare the muscles for intensive loads. But in everyday life, warming ointments are apropos, especially with diseases accompanied by swelling of the legs, pain in the ankles, convulsions.
The following drugs are recommended:
- Analgos - ointment promotes the expansion of capillary vessels, improving blood flow in the area of exposure;
- Nikoflex - a means not only heats the muscles, but also increases their tone due to the essential oil of lavender;
- Efkamon - a local medicinal product based on menthol helps to improve blood circulation, even in subcutaneous fat.
Warming ointments with sprains
It should be remembered that during the treatment of the described injury, it is impossible to use local irritants, since it is important to immobilize the limb when stretching and try to slow the circulation in it with cold compresses.
During the restoration therapy with warming agents with bee venom, methyl salicylate, extract of red pepper or mustard is shown. Some of them:
The listed medicines will help quickly restore the elasticity of damaged ligaments, their mobility and elasticity.
Heating ointments for neuralgia
Similar pathologies, especially pinching, are always combined with acute pain syndrome, sometimes not allowing a person to lead a normal life. To get rid of the symptoms of neuralgia, you can use these drugs:
- ointment Tiger;
- Thermal Balsam Rescuer Forte.
Naturally, the use of only local medicines does not completely cope with the disease, so it is desirable to use non-steroidal anti-inflammatory analgesics in the form of tablets or intramuscular injections simultaneously with the application of ointments.
Knee aches: treatment with ointments and creams
With the help of medicinal ointments and creams you can alleviate the patient's condition, reduce pain and improve the mobility of the joints.
For the treatment of knees, ointments and creams with curative effect are used. They are divided into three large groups.
The group of warming ointments for the knees includes Menovazine, Capsicum, Gevecamen, Espol, Nikoflex-cream, etc. You can add popular gels and ointments for the joints of horses.
These drugs improve blood circulation in the knee. They bring to the sick zone pleasant warmth and comfort, relief in the presence of arthrosis in the joint, meniscus damage, inflammation of the knee tendons. Especially they relieve vascular pain in the knees, because heat always helps with vascular diseases.
Ointments warming are endowed with a small therapeutic effect, but from them there are almost no side effects.Important: It is contraindicated to use them for arthritis and arthrosis of the knee with a noticeable swelling of the knee as a result of accumulation of pathological fluid in the joint cavity( with synovitis).
Ointments with bee and venom of snakes
The group on the basis of the poison of bees includes ointments: Apizatron, Ungapiven, Virapin, Apireven. The group on the basis of snake venom includes Viprosal ointment.
These drugs are a distraction action with a high warming effect. When absorbed through the skin, they act on muscles and ligaments, improving their elasticity, accelerating the circulation of blood around the diseased joint. They are more effective than warm ointments. But there are side effects: allergies and inflammation of the skin in places of application.
Important to know:
- ointments with bee and snake venom can not be applied to the skin with lesions. In addition, on the hands( fingers, palms) also there should be no scratches, wounds, abrasions or cracks;
- after application of the hand should be washed with soap and water, as it is possible to accidentally put poison into the eyes or nasal mucosa or oral cavity;
- is contraindicated in using ointments with bee and snake venom for women on critical days and for children.
Ointments and gels with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
This group includes ointments: Indomethacin, Butadionic, Ibuprofen. Cream Dolgit, gels: Nayz-gel, Voltaren-emulgel, Bystrumgel, Fastum, etc.
Advertisements somewhat exaggerate the therapeutic effect of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory ointments and gels, especially severe joints. In addition, advertising argue that rubbing these ointments, patients practically take a pill of this action. But this is not so. Only 7-10% of the active substance passes through the skin, which is not enough to create a complete anti-inflammatory effect.
But they bring noticeable relief for pain, especially due to arthritis of the knee and inflammation of the knee tendon, damage to the meniscus and gonarthrosis against synovitis - a noticeable inflammation and swelling of the knees. Vascular pain ointments from inflammation are not removed.
Dimexide - chemical liquid for knees
Dimexide has anti-inflammatory and analgesic effect. Dimexid penetrates through the skin barriers inside the diseased joint, it can reduce inflammation, reduce swelling and relieve pain.
Dimexide is produced in the form of a solution, gel( in the photo), candles( used in gynecological practice and proctology), ointments.
Dimexide benefits with:
- arthritis of the knee joint;
- inflammation of the tendon of the knee( periarthritis of the "crow's foot" bag);
- meniscal damage;
- arthrosis of the knee joint( gonarthrosis) accompanied by synovitis( swelling of the joint).
The vascular pain in the knees drug almost does not stop.
Important to know:
- Dimexide can not be used for patients with neglected diseases: kidney, liver and cataract, with severe angina and glaucoma.
- Dimexide causes allergies, therefore a sensitivity test is first performed by applying a small amount of cotton to the skin. With reddening of the skin, medicine can not be used. If there is no reaction, you can apply it in accordance with certain rules.
How to use Dimexid( solution)
If there is no allergy to Dimexide, then you need to start the procedure:
- Mix in a cup Dimexid with boiled water( 1 tbsp.) Next, a sterile gauze moistened with a solution is applied to the diseased knee,on top - a film, and then cotton wool or cotton cloth. Hold the compress for up to an hour, but no more. At the course - 15-20 applications put them once a day, will take 2-3 weeks treatment.
Error : does not need to mix Dimexide with water in advance, in order to save time, and pour the entire vial into the jar, topping up the water. The drug starts to work idle and will lose therapeutic activity, since it immediately enters into chemical interaction with water.
Error: does not need to replace gauze with other material - it can cause allergy, especially if the cloth is colored. Dimexid, when penetrating the skin, takes with itself biologically active substances deep into the body.
Error: No need to leave a compress for the whole night - you can get a classic chemical burn.
Bishofit - brine, oil derivative
Bischofite has a moderate analgesic and anti-inflammatory effect, it acts warming.
If arthrosis of the knee joint proceeds without synovitis( without accumulation of excess fluid), bischofite has a beneficial effect, which also extends to vascular pain in the knees. It is not very effective in treating meniscuses and inflammation of the knee tendons.Important: Bischofite is contraindicated in arthritis.
How to apply a compress from the bishofit
The joint first 3-5 minutes warmed with a heating pad, then apply gauze moistened with bischofite, top put waxed paper and cotton flannel.
Keep the compress all night, then rinse with warm water. Hypersensitive people should keep the compress 1-2 hours.
The course of 20 procedures is performed every other day. Benefits bischofita: it is harmless and has no side effects. If hypersensitive people have skin irritation, then they switch to intermittent treatment, performing compresses after 3-4 days.
In pharmacies, they sell natural bile of cows or pigs, bile bile.
What is the use of bile
Bile dissolves and warms, it is used for the same diseases as bischofite. But its effectiveness is even higher than that of compresses with bischofite.
Repels patients of a sharp odor of bile.Important: It is contraindicated to use it for pustules on the skin, inflammatory diseases of lymph nodes and ducts, fevers with increased body temperature.
Compresses with bile
If there is no allergy to bile, then gauze is folded into 6 layers, impregnated with bile, applied to the knee and covered with waxed paper and bandaged. You need to hold for 2 hours, perform daily 3 weeks.
Injection of corticosteroid hormones
For the suppression of pain and inflammation with synovitis( edema and swelling of the joint), corticosteroid hormones are injected into the knee joint: Kenalog, Diprospan, Hydrocortisone, Methylpred, Depo-Medrol. Often they are provided with emergency assistance.
Injections of these drugs are useful in the treatment of diseases:
- arthritis of the knee joint;
- inflammation of the knee tendon( periarthritis of the goose paw bag).The hormone is injected into the tendon region, not the joint;
- of a "fresh"( recent) meniscus injury accompanied by a strong knee swelling;
- Arthrosis( gonarthrosis) of the knee joint, accompanied by synovitis( severe swelling of the joint).
- Warning! If synovitis is absent, then injections of corticosteroid hormones in arthrosis are harmful! They do not treat arthrosis themselves, but relieve the reciprocal inflammatory response of the body.
- Warning! Injections into the joint of hormonal drugs for vascular pain do useless and harmful!
Chondroprotectors are often injected by physicians into the knee joints: Alflutop, Hondrolone, homeopathic. Objective T.
Injection of the joint into arthrosis without a strong swelling of the joints, with chronic damage to the meniscus.
Chondroprotectors for arthritis, knee tendon inflammation and knee pain are useless or harmful.
Injections of hyaluronic acid preparations
Preparations from hyaluronic acid, for example, sodium hyaluronate, are stronger and faster acting than chondroprotectors when they are injected into the joint. They are called "liquid prostheses" or "liquid implants", since they act on the joint.
Drugs are useful and effective in the treatment of arthrosis of the knee joints. Sodium Hyaluronate forms a protective film on the damaged cartilage. It protects the cartilage tissue from further destruction and improves the sliding of the cartilaginous surfaces that touch each other.
Preparations penetrate the cartilage, improve its elasticity and elasticity. At the same time, the dried cartilage restores damping properties. Mechanical overload is weakened, reducing pain in the knee joint and increasing its mobility. Acid treatment courses are conducted - 3-4 injections per each knee with an interval of 7-14 days between injections. The course can be repeated in 6-12 months.
Now hyaluronic acid is imported preparations: Synvisc, Fermatron, Ostenil, Go-on, Duralan and domestic drug Hyastat.