What are your options for treating a first degree scoliosis?Scoliosis refers to the lateral curvature of the spine( compared to the normal position).This is one of the most common vertebral diseases. Do not put a sign between scoliosis and violation of posture. Since in the first case the vertebrae are not deformed, and the cause may be a muscle imbalance caused by uneven loads. At a scoliosis the backbone not simply is bent, but also is developed round own axis. With it, the thorax can deform and the position of the scapulas change. The disease can quickly progress and has only 4 stages. With the diagnosis of scoliosis 1 degree, treatment is most effective, since the body has not yet undergone global pathological changes.
How to treat scoliosis in the initial stage?
Of the four degrees of scoliosis, the first is the easiest, characterizing the onset of the disease. The scoliosis of the first degree is treated the easier, the less curvature. At this stage, if you do not start treatment, it will not take much time and energy. To find the right treatment the doctor should find out the causes of the disease. Scoliosis of the spine of the 1st degree needs to be started to be treated with the elimination of the cause of
disease. It is also important to take into account the age and physical condition of the patient.
At this stage a huge role is played by preventive measures, which not only eliminate curvature, but also positively affect the body as a whole. The medical measures are aimed at strengthening the muscular corset supporting the vertebral column. For this purpose, swimming, physiotherapy and gymnastics are good for scoliosis of the 1st degree.
It is important to remember that in the treatment of such scoliosis, not all sports will have a curative effect. For example, do not play tennis, bowling or badminton, as well as engage in such sports, where the load on the spine is uneven. It is best to pay attention to martial arts and swimming.
Massage for scoliosis 1 degreeThe great benefit of massage sessions is that tension muscles relax, and relaxed muscles are stimulated. The session of therapeutic massage should be conducted by an experienced specialist, otherwise, as a result of inept massage, the patient's condition may worsen. Massage for scoliosis of the 1st degree is necessary to take courses, at least once a year.
During the massage sessions, blood flows to the muscles of the back, which significantly improves the metabolism in the area of curvature. The muscle tone improves, which has a beneficial effect on the formation of a strong corset that can support the spine well.
Exercises for scoliosis 1 degreeIt is best to perform treatment in a complex, then the effect will be visible after a minimum of time. To strengthen the muscles of the back, it is good to practice special therapeutic gymnastics.
For therapeutic effect and, more importantly, not to aggravate the course of the disease, it is necessary to select exercises together with the doctor. A widespread left-sided scoliosis of the 1st degree is also well treated with the help of physical exercises.
The load in the exercise of physical therapy should grow gradually with the strengthening of muscles. You can not immediately overload the muscles, this can negate the positive effect of other types of treatment.
Exercises for scoliosis of 1 degree may be as follows:
- stretching with linked hands from standing position;
- lifting of one hand, when the second one is retracted at the same time;
- slopes in different directions;
- slopes with simultaneous leg lag and arm lift;
- back deflection from a lying position and / or with a stick;
- simultaneous lifting of opposite arms and legs from a standing position on all fours.
LFK in a scoliosis of 1 degree with proper performance will help not only get rid of the disease, but also strengthen the body, making it more resistant to various diseases.
What other methods of scoliosis treatment are effective?With scoliosis of 1 degree, treatment should include not only gymnastics and massage, but also other methods. For example, physiotherapy, which is appointed as an auxiliary, enhancing the effect of gymnastics. Physiotherapeutic treatment can be performed using various methods: muscle electrostimulation, various thermal procedures, electrophoresis, and some others.
During treatment, it is advisable to regularly consult an orthopedic doctor to monitor changes in the patient's condition and, if necessary, make adjustments to the course of therapy. Thus, you can choose the best treatment.
Exercises for scoliosis of the 1st degree
Scoliosis exercises for the 1st degree
Before proceeding directly to the exercises, we will consider general information on scoliosis in order to have an idea about this disease and understand its seriousness.
What is scoliosis and how dangerous it is
Scoliosis is the curvature of the spine, which most often develops in childhood in the period of development and formation of the body. At this stage, the spine is highly flexible, so scoliosis can be quickly and effectively eliminated.
But if not to provide timely treatment of scoliosis, it begins to progress rapidly, and at its last degrees it will be difficult to cope with the problem. That is why special attention to the condition of the spine should be given in childhood, when the struggle with its curvature will be uncomplicated.
Description of the first degree of scoliosis
The first degree of scoliosis causes medical workers the most controversy. Most believe that this is not a disease, but an individual feature of the body, in particular, the spine. That's why often treatment for 1 degree of scoliosis is not prescribed, but is already in the second stage of the disease, after which the curvature will very quickly progress and worsen.
But here is a very subtle point, which you need to notice in time, in time to take the necessary measures. That is why the treatment of scoliosis is still recommended to begin at its first degree, when the spine is deviated from its axis by no more than 10 degrees. Treatment consists in physical exercises - exercise therapy, helps to straighten the spine and posture, strengthen the muscles of the back.
How to identify scoliosis at grade 1
Scoliosis, if it is at an initial degree, can be seen at first glance, but its symptoms are simply not as pronounced as in more serious stages. Therefore, during a routine clinical examination, the doctor is able to diagnose such a scoliosis as the first degree, noticing the symmetry breaking in the level of the shoulders and pelvic bones. Also in such cases, there is often a small stoop, which only confirms the diagnosis.
Scoliosis 1 degree
Usually, when concluding the presence of scoliosis, doctors are guided only by visual signs. Confirm the presence of curvature can only radiography, on which the parents of children without obvious signs of scoliosis very rarely agree. After all, this is irradiation, which is not harmful to the body.
What are exercises for scoliosis of 1 degree, what effect does the spine have on
? For the treatment of scoliosis of 1 or 2 degree, exercise therapy is a complex of specially selected physical exercises aimed at strengthening the muscles, unloading the spine, preventing the progression of scoliosis. The main goal of exercise therapy is the formation of proper posture.
At the initial stage of scoliosis, the curvature may completely disappear after the full course of exercise therapy. But such exercises well strengthen the whole body, increase immunity and resistance to diseases. Therefore, in this case, the question of the relevance of the exercise exercise exercise is not a question - it is about your own health, your child's health.
LFK in scoliosis
It should be noted that exercises on exercise therapy should be carried out only by an experienced specialist with the proper qualifications. Trying to pick up exercises on their own is by no means impossible, because physical exercises can not only have a beneficial effect on the spine and the body, but also exacerbate the situation, if they are picked up incorrectly, wrongly performed.
Only the specialist
is in charge of the exercise therapy. Only qualified specialists know what exercises are shown in this case, what physical activities can be given to a particular person. That is why the complex of exercises is always selected individually, while taking into account the physical characteristics of the child, the degree of scoliosis.
What exercises can be done with a scoliosis of 1 degree
All exercise LFK fall into two categories. The first is those that have high efficiency. Now we are talking about the first stage of exercise therapy - warm-up, because only a specialist can make a basic program.
During the warm-up, squats with extended arms are welcome. They help to strengthen the back muscles, which in this case is very useful. But this procedure can be difficult for children with superficial breathing, provoke the appearance of tachycardia, so even at the initial stage it is necessary to show utmost attention.
Also trains the ability to maintain a level posture. For this, a person becomes near the wall, touching her with heels, buttocks, and shoulder blades. Next, he must perform some light exercises, while holding his posture, controlling his own breathing. At first glance, it may seem that this is a meaningless procedure, but in fact it is rather difficult to keep the correct posture for children with scoliosis.
It is mandatory that during the warm-up, there are inclinations forward. When doing this exercise, your hands should be stretched. Slopes, as well as sit-ups, help to strengthen the muscles of the back, keep a smooth posture. During this exercise, as with other loads, you can not leave uncontrolled correct and uniform breathing.
Sports walking is very good. It can be walking on the spot, walking on socks or heels. It is also necessary to include walking with the shinning of the shins into the program. Each of these exercises should take a few minutes. In this case, the posture should remain even.
Then all the exercises are divided into exercises in the position on the back, on the stomach and on all fours. In each position, several exercises should be performed, each of which must be done within a few minutes. They are all aimed at the passive sprain of the spine, strengthening the muscles of the back. For example, lying on his back, a man fixes his hands on the floor.
Then slowly raises his legs, trying to tilt them in different directions alternately. This seemingly simple exercise requires a lot of persistence, because how to actually do it is not so easy.
What not to do with scoliosis
There are some exercises that are absolutely contraindicated for those who have scoliosis, regardless of its degree. The main thing is a spinal cord stretching without support under itself. That is, in no case should not hang on the bar or crossbar - this can only negatively affect the condition of the spine.
It is also not possible to make rotational movements aimed at stretching the spine. In no case is it advisable to give more physical exertion in the first lesson. The intensity of the exercises should start from the very minimum, increase gradually.
Please note! If you feel pain in your back, you need to stop immediately. The next time you need to choose a more sparing program, so that a person does not feel discomfort, pain and fatigue. Only after the child is able to cope with the task assigned to him, the load can be increased.
In no case should one undertake the correction of posture independently, only a specialist should conduct exercises in exercise therapy. He can find the right and most effective program, which will give the desired result.
Video exercises for scoliosis of the 1st degree
Complex of therapeutic gymnastics for the back with spine scoliosis 1, 2, 3 degrees
Gymnastics in scoliosis of 1 and 2 degrees is one of the most effective methods of eliminating lateral curvature of the vertebral axis. Dosed exercises with this pathology can effectively affect the muscle groups that are in a state of hypertonia and restore the muscular back skeleton. In the future he will support the spinal axis in the correct( physiological) position.
Features of the treatment of scoliosis gymnastics
Therapeutic gymnastics in scoliosis is most effective in children, because their vertebral column is "soft and elastic."It grows to 19-20 years, therefore it is subject to correction with the help of physiotherapy exercises and wearing an orthopedic corset.
Conservative methods of treatment can fix the functional curvature of the spinal column. Correction of structural and organic changes is the field of activity of surgeons.
The main rule that is followed when performing therapeutic gymnastics in scoliosis is to stretch the strained back muscles and train the weakened ones. Therefore, not all exercises in the complex will be symmetrical. Regular charging to strengthen the muscular corset aggravates the imbalance in the spine and leads to further progression of scoliosis.
The complex is made up by the physician of the physical training and is being learned under his guidance. For patients with scoliosis of the 1st degree, the emphasis is made on achieving the stability of the spine, in case of scoliosis of the 2nd degree, the deformity is corrected, and for pathology of grade 3, in addition to the indicated two purposes, they try to improve the overall physical condition of the person.
What to look for when performing
In rehabilitation anti-inflammatory centers, instructors pay attention to the following features when exercising by a person.
- Increased strength and muscle tone should be done carefully and consistently. With too intensive training, the pressure in the abdominal cavity increases and the risk of displacement of the internal organs increases.
- It is necessary to monitor the patient's state of health, breathing should be smooth, without delay.
- There are dangerous for the spine exercises: leans forward, lifting weights, twisting. They must be excluded from the complex of gymnastics for the treatment of diseases of the back.
- It is unacceptable to start gymnastic exercises during exacerbation of inflammatory diseases. The lifting of weights and sharp turns of the trunk in such a situation will provoke the rupture of muscle tissue.
- If a person has a weak muscular corset, build it up gradually. Especially dangerous is intense physical activity in the presence of unstable vertebrae - under its action they can shift.
- For scoliosis of grade 2 or 3 in the cervical area, you should start with static exercises.
- An important moment in the treatment of scoliosis 1, 2, 3 degrees is the timely connection of strength exercises, which should only be carried out after the permission of a specialist.
- If the time is not included in the complex power gymnastics, there will be a muscle "unbalance", in which the musculature will contract and relax asynchronously.
Example of the basic complex
With scoliosis 1 degree, the basis of the therapeutic complex of gymnastics is symmetrical exercises with a minimal load on the spine. They are easy to learn and perform correctly, which means to reduce the risk of side effects to zero.
Movement from the base complex, although symmetrical, but the muscles of the back act differently: weak - get a lot of work and train harder, and tense - less. As a result, balancing of the muscular corset occurs, the spine is leveled.
The complex consists of a warm-up, the main part and the final. The number of repetitions is 8-10, but weakened patients can start with four. All standing exercises are performed with the control of correct posture. The ideal position can be taken by touching the wall with protruding points: shoulder blades, buttocks, shin and heels. A couple of steps forward - and the person is ready for the exercises.
- Starting position( PI) - feet shoulder width apart. Raise your hands through the sides upwards - inhale. We lower - exhale.
- Walking in place with knee lifting high.
- IP - Brushes to the shoulders. Shoulder movements forward and backward.
Main part of
- IP - lying on the back, brushes on the shoulders, elbows along the trunk. On inhalation, we raise elbows to the sides, on exhalation - we return to the FE.
- IP - lying on the back, hands along the trunk. Alternately raise the bent legs, bringing the knee to the stomach - exhalation. Return to the IE - inhale.
- IP - lying on the back, legs bent at the knees. We raise the pelvis, we bend in the thoracic part( but not in the lower back) - exhale. Return to the IE - inhale.
- IP - lying on the back, hands along the trunk. On the inhalation, we stretch out to the side where the bulge is observed, and the other arm is pulled upwards. On exhalation we return to the FE.
- IP - lying on the stomach, brush on the back of the head. On inhaling, lift the thorax, on exhalation - go down to the FE.
- FE - lying on the abdomen, one hand, from the bulge, we put on the shoulder blades, the other - on the back of the head. On an exhalation we deviate towards convexity, on inspiration - we return to FE.
- IP - lying on the stomach, hands along the trunk with the palms down. On inspiration, lift the chest and one leg. On exhalation - FE.We repeat alternately with two legs.
- IP - lying on the stomach, hands in the sides with the palms down. Leaving the leg in the direction of the convexity of the waist is a breath. Return to the FE - exhalation.
- For scoliosis in the thoracic region. IP - lying on its side from the convexity of the spine, arms stretched above the head. A hard roller is placed in the area of the chest. The free hand descends along the trunk - exhalation. Rises behind the head - inhale.
- IP - standing on all fours. We stretch out the right arm and the left leg at the same time - inhale. We return to the FE - exhalation. Repeat alternately.
- IP - standing on all fours. Press to the touch of the chest with the floor.
The final part of the
- IP - lying on the back, hands along the body. We put straight arms over the head - inhale. We return to the FE - exhalation.
- IP - standing at the wall we control the posture, trying to tightly press the protruding dots and not to bend the lower back. Hands are bred to the side, palms to the wall. Stretch out to the sides - inhale, relax - exhale.
To the basic complex, the physician of the LFK will necessarily add exercises that are necessary for the specific case. Charge is performed daily. In two months the specialist will check the results of the training. As a rule, after the diagnosis is established, not only exercise therapy, but also massage. Together, these simple non-invasive therapies can bring significant relief and complete recovery from scoliosis.
Chuguy EV, Voropaev VN, Ilyushenko Yu. K.Conservative treatment of scoliotic disease in school-age children. Trauma Journal 5( volume 14) 2013
Complex of exercises for scoliosis of various degrees
Physiotherapy is prescribed for many diseases not only of the musculoskeletal system, but also of the internal organs. It helps not only to get rid of pathology, but also to prevent its development with regular physical exercises. Exercises from scoliosis - this is an obligatory and main therapeutic and preventive measure for this disease of the spine. In this case, exercise therapy is not an additional method of therapy, but the main one.
Correctly selected gymnastics, which takes into account the stage of scoliosis, the type of curvature, the age of the child, concomitant diseases, individual characteristics and preferences allows avoiding the progression of the curvature of the spine and the need for surgical treatment, improve the condition of the internal organs, reduce the strain on individual segments of the spine( lumbar and thoracic).
It should be noted that exercises in scoliosis in children are effective at any stage of curvature of the spine, but the best results can be achieved at the initial stages of the disease.
The rules for performing physical exercises
The first thing you need to know is that only a specialist should select the exercise complex of exercise therapy, especially if the curvature is already 4 and 3 degrees or there are specific forms of curvature, for example, S-shaped scoliosis.
It is absolutely not recommended to select exercises yourself at home. After all, there are movements that are forbidden in this or that kind of curvature. In some cases, such a gymnastics can only increase the arc of curvature in scoliosis and provoke its rapid progression.
The most optimal option is the selection of exercises in the clinic during individual or group sessions under the guidance of an instructor or physiotherapist. And after learning all the principles of the implementation of certain movements, you can start and independent studies.
Quite a few other important rules are for chest scoliosis or lumbar:
- Individual approach to every child and adult. The exercises that help one patient can harm the other.
- Exercises for children from scoliosis should be selected strictly depending on the stage of curvature of the spinal column.
- To begin physical therapy with a minimum load, gradually increasing the amplitude of movements.
- In the event of any discomfort on the part of the patient( back pain, dizziness, palpitations), classes should be suspended or interrupted until the next time.
- The key to success is regularity. Complex exercises should be done every day at the opportunity or at least 3-4 times a week.
- It is not recommended to perform active stretching of the spine, even with lumbar scoliosis, as well as active rotational movements.
- Classes must begin with a warm-up.
- LFK can and should be combined with other methods of treatment and prevention.
LFK in scoliosis should be selected in individual and group sessions under the supervision of the instructor
Selection of exercises depending on the stage of scoliosis
Scoliosis of 1 degree allows the use of the basic exercise complex, which is described below. All other types of curvature need careful selection of each movement.
For example, in the case of lumbar scoliosis, the exercise therapy should be aimed at developing and strengthening the muscles from the necessary side, which depends on the direction in which the arc of curvature is open. The muscle of the opposite side must be relaxed. Thus, it will be possible to normalize all the muscles of the back and straighten the spine.Related article: Strengthening exercises for the back
Depending on the principle described above, exercises of exercise therapy for scoliosis include:
The first can be performed independently only in the initial degree of scoliosis. The second can appoint only a doctor after a thorough examination and mandatory radiography of the spine with the measurement of the curvature of the kut.
Beginning with the 2nd degree of scoliosis, the gymnastics should be aimed not only at strengthening the muscular back skeleton, but also at correcting the already present disorders.
Treatment of scoliosis of 3rd and 4th degree with one curative gymnastics is practically not applied. Here the therapy should be comprehensive, including massage, special corrective corsets, as well as a surgical operation.
Prohibited exercises for scoliosis:
- on a horizontal bar;
- pull-up in the air, lift-turn on the bar;
- somersaults and other acrobatic movements;
- weight training, for example, with a barbell or weights;
- fast sports games and dances;
- martial arts;
- long distance runs.
Basic exercise complex
This basic set of scoliosis exercises is designed for correction of the 1st stage of curvature, as well as for prevention:
- Walking is not a place with maintaining an even posture for 2-3 minutes.
- We climb to the socks and pull the arms up as high as possible, then slowly return to the starting position, repeat 5-6 times.
- Circular motion shoulders, repeat 10 times forward and backward.
- The slopes of the body forward with the stretching of the hands, repeat 10 times.
- Raising the hands to the sides with parallel body turns to the sides, repeat 10 times.
- IM - lying on the back, legs bent at the knees. Pull the right elbow to the left knee and vice versa. We execute 5-10 times.
- . The item is the same. Alternately, pull your knees to your stomach. For each leg - 5 times.
- The same thing. Hands rest on the floor and slowly tear off the pelvis, caving in the thoracic spine, then smoothly lie back. Repeat 10 times.
- Scissors and a bicycle perform 10-15 times.
- I. n. - lying on the stomach. We tear off the head and shoulder girdle from the floor, stay for a few seconds in this position, then gradually descend. Repeat 10 times.
- The same thing. From the floor tear off the upper body with arms outstretched and legs( we form a boat).We linger for a few seconds and go down. Repeat 10 times.
- Lying on your stomach, simulating swimming movements.
Exemplary basic set of exercises for scoliosis
In conclusion, charging can be walked around the room on elongated toes or on the heels.
LFK in scoliosis in water
Medical swimming is a very effective method of exercise therapy in scoliosis and is the least traumatic. Swimming and exercise in water with scoliosis reduce the spastic strain of the back muscles and the severity of contractures, provide a safe stretching of all muscle groups, increase the mobility of the joints, heal the body as a whole.
In scoliosis, sessions are recommended to be performed after a day and alternate with therapeutic gymnastics. The water complex includes:
- breathing exercises in water;
- swimming in the position on the back at the same time with both hands and with their alternation;
- swimming style breasts, crawl, butterfly.
Training in the water is not only useful for children's spine, but also fun
Gymnastics with a fitball
Fitball is a special gymnastic ball of a large size. There are several varieties and diameters of the sports equipment, for example, for children and pregnant women.
Training for the spine with a fitball allows you to strengthen the muscles of the back and legs, improve the tone and flexibility of the body. Gymnastics with fitball affects almost all muscle groups, but the special emphasis is on the stabilizing muscles of the spine, so this gymnastics has a beneficial effect on the initial stage of scoliosis.
- It is necessary to lie on the fitball in such a way that the lower part of the legs rest on the ball, and hands on the floor in the straightened position. Then slowly go forward with your hands a few steps and back.
- The same thing. We perform 5-10 push-ups.
- We lay down on the ball with our backs, we hold hands clasped behind the head, we perform 5-10 hull lifts.
- I. p. The same, raise the legs alternately up, repeat 10 times for each limb.
In conclusion, it should be noted that scoliosis is easily treated with gymnastics in the initial stages, which can not be said of far-reaching forms, when even a severe operation on the spine is incapable of correcting the curvature. So watch your posture and your children, accustom them from childhood to an active lifestyle. Only in this case the posture will not spoil anything.
How does the first degree of scoliosis manifest itself and how?
Scoliosis is a vertebral disease that manifests itself by a lateral deviation of the spinal column from its natural normal position. The formation of scoliosis is affected by many factors, but the main cause of scoliosis is difficult to establish.then there may be an overload of the spine, and a twisted sitting at the table, and lack of mobility, and osteochondrosis, and heredity. ...He can appear at any age, but more often - in school years, when the body is actively growing and developing.
There are four degrees of scoliosis: 4,3,2 and 1. The initial( easy) form of scoliosis is 1 first degree, and severe - the fourth. In addition to this classification, scoliosis is also distinguished by the shape of the curvature: it is a C-shaped scoliosis of 1-4 degrees( 1 arc of curvature), scoliosis S-shaped( 2 arcs of curvature) or Z-shaped( 3 arcs - very rare).
But let's do it in order, start with a scoliosis of 1 degree( see photo).Let's consider how to manifest what causes, how dangerous, how to cure a scoliosis of 1 degree, how to correct its consequences and how to prevent this disease?
What is the danger?
We can name a lot of serious consequences of scoliosis, but let's not talk about the scary. In fact if in time to address to the doctor-orthopedist and to start to be treated, there is nothing to be afraid. And for this you need at least sometimes to pay attention to your posture( on the bearing of the child) or to undergo examination by a specialist doctor. The earlier you diagnose scoliosis, the easier and faster you will get rid of it."Running" scoliosis is treated much longer, more difficult. And although scoliosis of the spine of the 1st degree does not always go to the second degree, all the same guarantees that this will not happen, no one gives.
Regularly observe the posture, take preventive measures - and scoliosis 1,2, any degree you will not be disturbed!
What is the risk of scoliosis from grade 1 to 2-4?
As we said, there are no guarantees that scoliosis will not go to more complex stages. But there are situations when it is possible to predict the future of scoliosis, to determine the likelihood of complications. These factors include:
- the presence of complicated scoliosis in the parents,
- weak muscle development in the child,
- stoop, hyperlordosis,
- deformities of the OD( hip, thorax. ..),
- presence of excessive elasticity of the ligaments( systemic hypermobility syndrome),
- sedentary imagelife.
Diagnosis of scoliosis?
Scoliosis of the 1st degree can be thoracic, lumbar, thoracolumbar, left-sided, right-sided. But in any case, it is diagnosed in two ways: by a doctor at a clinical examination or by radiography( standing).In this case, the roentgenography of the child's spine is quite rare, as a rule, or the parents refuse, or the doctor himself considers this examination not appropriate for 1 degree of back strain. First, the risk of transition of the disease from 1 st to 2 degree of scoliosis is not high, and, secondly, from the confirmation of the diagnosis, the tactic of treatment practically does not change.
How does the disease manifest itself?
Scoliosis of the 1st degree causes its specific symptoms. Of these, the most noticeable are the asymmetry of the shoulders and the asymmetry of the pelvis, and almost always there is a violation of posture, an increase in lordosis and stoop. But even if you are sure of the symptoms and the diagnosis of scoliosis, do not rush, consult a doctor. After all, there is another deformation of the spine, the symptoms of which are not externally indistinguishable from scoliosis of the 1st degree.then the asymmetric or flaccid posture that arises from muscle imbalance. In this case, the vertebral column and vertebrae are not deformed, and the external curvature disappears immediately when the spinal column is unloaded( for example, in a lying position. ..).
But with practice it is clear that parents can not always see or even forget to look at the child's posture. Therefore, as they say, do not reinvent the wheel! There are doubts about the health of the child, go straight to the doctor for an examination. It is better to go to the doctor once again than to treat a scoliosis of the 4th degree!
How to treat a 1 degree scoliosis?
Treatment of scoliosis 1 degree is limited only to preventive actions. And this is enough to stop the development of the initial scoliosis and align the posture. In addition, prevention will not only strengthen the child's back, but will also be beneficial to the health of the entire body. The child will learn to maintain a smooth posture, strengthen the muscular corset of the back, improve the state of the cardiovascular and respiratory system, as a result of which the development of scoliosis will stop, its consequences will be eliminated and the back will become even.
The main methods of prophylaxis for scoliosis 1-ni are complexes of special medical exercises and necessarily massage procedures. Exercises and massage for scoliosis of 1 degree are selected by a specialist doctor, the course is held every six months or once a year.
What is scoliosis 1 degree( + photo)
Why do parents so persistently demand to keep their backs exactly in childhood? This is not so much care about the appearance, as about the child's well-being. Many health problems arise because of a sick spine.
It is a complex structure of 24 round vertebrae with intervertebral cartilages. Imagine a design of 24 children's blocks.
She is quite fragile. So the children's spine with immature muscles and ligaments is unstable and prone to such a disease as scoliosis. By the way, girls are diagnosed with this diagnosis more often than boys. The disease is tricky in that it appears almost imperceptibly.
Basically, scoliosis is detected on preventive medical examinations before the school or in an educational institution during periods of intensive growth of children( for preschool children 6-7 years and for children 10-12 years).
What is scoliosis: a general description of the disease
In translation from "Ancient Greek" scoliosis means sinuous, crafty. Scoliotic disease is a lateral curvature of the spine, leading to functional changes in the vertebrae. Do not confuse with the stoop of the back( kyphosis)!Poor posture is due to the wrong habit of keeping your back.
It is caused by an increased muscle tone on one side. In this case, the spine of the form does not change. When scoliosis occurs, it is displaced from the center of the axis to the right or to the left. Therefore, a right-sided or a left-sided scoliosis is distinguished.
He is given a characteristic and in the form of curvature: S-shaped, C-shaped, etc. Depending on the place where the disease is detected, distinguish lumbar, thoracic and cervical. On how much the disease is expressed, experts identify 4 degrees.
The first degree of scoliosis is the initial stage, which causes a minimal deviation of the spine to 10 degrees.
The complex of exercises in scoliosis will depend on the severity of the disease.
3 degree of scoliosis provides a deflection angle of 26-50 degrees.
In many cases, grade 2 scoliosis is diagnosed in children 8 to 11 years of age: http: //oporatela.ru/pozvonochnik/skolioz/ chto-takoe-skolioz-2-stepeni-foto.html
A clear answer as to why the spine curves, modern medicine does not. Allocate the congenital and acquired causes of the disease:
- to congenital disorders include intrauterine developmental disorders of the fetus, hypoplasia of the vertebrae.
- to the acquired - the wrong position of the body with strabismus, flat feet, the consequence of the diseases( tuberculosis, rickets, poliomyelitis), injuries. But these are not the main causes of scoliosis. In 80 percent of cases, idiopathic scoliosis is written in the diagnosis, that is, "unknown cause".
More and more specialists tend to the fact that scoliosis arises from the incorrect position of the body when sitting and, accordingly, the wrong development of muscles in children who have a sedentary lifestyle.
When writing or drawing, sitting in front of the computer, they have a habit of giving the right( or left-handed) left shoulder, which leads to a curvature of the spinal column.
Symptoms of the disease
Recognizing scoliosis of the first degree is not easy. There are no obvious symptoms of the disease. The child has a slight asymmetry of the shoulders and stoop. And parents begin to understand that something is wrong. At the first suspicions immediately go to the orthopedist.
How to recognize the disease: diagnosis.
The diagnosis of scoliosis is made after a comprehensive examination: a doctor's examination and the results of an x-ray study. The picture is taken in the standing position. It allows you to refute or confirm the diagnosis, determine the angle of the bend of the spine and the condition of the vertebrae. The earlier the pathology is detected and treatment begins, the easier it is to stop the disease.
It is generally accepted that the deformation of the spinal column entails a whole bouquet of diseases. The disease occurs with a violation of the kidneys, cardiovascular system, respiratory functions, affects the eyesight. This is true, but only at grade 3-4 of scoliosis. At the initial stage, the work of internal organs does not worsen the disease. However, it can progress and move into a more complex deformation.
- Early detection of the disease( 5-6 years);
- weak development of muscles, sedentary lifestyle of the child;
- heredity, if the parents of scoliosis is clearly expressed.
By the way in Europe and America the first degree of scoliosis is considered an individual feature, and a deviation below 10 degrees is regarded as within the norm. And yet, it is not worth reassuring yourself. It is better to start treatment right away.
Treatment of scoliosis 1 degree
It should be comprehensive and preventive. The main goal is to slow down the rate of development of the disease and strengthen the muscular framework. After all, if you start scoliosis, you will need to wear a corset and surgery.
Restorative treatment of 1 degree scoliosis consists in the following:
- increasing the motor activity of the child( hardening, outdoor games, walking, swimming in the pool),
- medical gymnastics( daily!).A special complex of exercises in the polyclinic is in each room of the exercise room. It is important for strengthening the muscles and forming a habit of correct posture.
- massage( courses 1-2 times a year).It will only benefit if it is performed by an experienced specialist. Pay attention, he must know the diagnosis of the child. Tense muscles need to be relaxed, but too "sluggish" to stimulate.
- fizeoprocedure( electrophoresis, ultrasound, magnetotherapy).Only with the appointment of a doctor.
- alternation of working and rest regime a( long sitting and standing in one position is not allowed).
- proper nutrition, rich in protein( meat, fish, dairy products) and vitamins.
Many parents, after learning about the scoliosis of 1 degree in a child, immediately seek to write it to the sports section. Know, at such diagnosis not all physical activities are useful. You should avoid playing tennis, badminton and other sports that require an asymmetric load on the muscles.
Gymnastics are also banned due to increased flexibility of the spine. Optimal choice of swimming, general physical training( fitness or gym, specially picking up a set of exercises), martial arts. Training should not be too intense.
Let's sum up: It is not possible to fully cure scoliosis, but it's quite possible to stabilize the condition. Having learned about the disease, it is important to begin treatment with an orthopedist as soon as possible, follow his recommendations, review the regime of the day and nutrition of the child. Be persistent and diligent, efforts will bring the result, in the form of a straight back and a graceful posture in the child.
What are your options for treating a first degree scoliosis?
Scoliosis refers to the lateral curvature of the spine( compared to the normal position).This is one of the most common vertebral diseases. Do not put a sign between scoliosis and violation of posture. Since in the first case the vertebrae are not deformed, and the cause may be a muscle imbalance caused by uneven loads. At a scoliosis the backbone not simply is bent, but also is developed round own axis. With it, the thorax can deform and the position of the scapulas change. The disease can quickly progress and has only 4 stages. With the diagnosis of scoliosis 1 degree, treatment is most effective, since the body has not yet undergone global pathological changes.
How to treat scoliosis in an initial stage?
Of the four degrees of scoliosis, the first is the lightest characterizing the onset of the disease. The scoliosis of the first degree is treated the easier, the less curvature. At this stage, if you do not start treatment, it will not take much time and energy. To find the right treatment the doctor should find out the causes of the disease. Scoliosis of the spine of the 1st degree should be started to be treated with the elimination of the cause of the disease. It is also important to take into account the age and physical condition of the patient. At this stage, a huge role is played by preventive measures, which not only eliminate curvature, but also positively affect the body as a whole. The medical measures are aimed at strengthening the muscular corset supporting the vertebral column. For this purpose, swimming, physiotherapy, massage and gymnastics are good for scoliosis of the 1st degree. It is important to remember that when treating such a scoliosis, not all sports will have a therapeutic effect. For example, do not play tennis, bowling or badminton, as well as engage in such sports, where the load on the spine is uneven. It is best to pay attention to martial arts and swimming.
Massage for scoliosis 1 degree
The great benefit of massage sessions is that tension muscles relax, and relaxed muscles are stimulated. The session of therapeutic massage should be conducted by an experienced specialist, otherwise, as a result of inept massage, the patient's condition may worsen. Massage for scoliosis of the 1st degree is necessary to take courses, at least once a year. During the massage sessions, blood flows to the muscles of the back, which significantly improves the metabolism in the area of curvature. The muscle tone improves, which has a beneficial effect on the formation of a strong corset that can support the spine well.
Exercises for scoliosis 1 degree
It is best to carry out treatment in a complex, then the effect will be visible after a minimum time. To strengthen the muscles of the back, it is good to practice special therapeutic gymnastics. For the therapeutic effect and, more importantly, in order not to aggravate the course of the disease, it is necessary to select exercises together with the doctor. A widespread left-sided scoliosis of the 1st degree is also well treated with the help of physical exercises. The load when practicing physiotherapy exercises should grow gradually with the strengthening of muscles. You can not immediately overload the muscles, this can negate the positive effect of other types of treatment. Exercises for scoliosis 1 degree may be as follows: - stretching with linked hands from standing position;- lifting one hand, when the second one is retracted at the same time;- slopes in different directions;- inclines with simultaneous lagging of the leg and lifting of the hand;- deflection of the back from the position of lying and / or with a stick;- simultaneous lifting of the opposite arms and legs from a standing position on all fours. Exercise at a scoliosis of 1 degree with correct performance will help not only get rid of the disease, but also strengthen the body, making it more resistant to various diseases.
What other ways to treat scoliosis are effective?
With scoliosis of 1 degree, treatment should include not only gymnastics and massage, but also other methods. For example, physiotherapy, which is appointed as an auxiliary, enhancing the effect of gymnastics. Physiotherapeutic treatment can be performed using various methods: muscle electrostimulation, various thermal procedures, electrophoresis, and some others. During treatment, it is advisable to regularly consult an orthopedic doctor to monitor changes in the patient's condition and, if necessary, make adjustments to the course of therapy. Thus, you can choose the best treatment.