Pain in the knee joint
Diseases that cause pain in the knee joint
Pain in the knee joint is an unpleasant sensation that many people encounter when walking, performing physical exercises and even at rest.
The cause of discomfort can be trauma, as well as the following diseases:
Tendonitis of the knee joint;
of Baker Baker;
Infectious diseases of the knee joint: Lyme disease, Reiter's syndrome
It is the destruction of the cartilaginous tissue of the knee joint, as a result of which it deforms and disrupts functions. From gonarthrosis women suffer more often than men. It is also called arthrosis of the knee joint.
In accordance with the causes of the onset, two types of disease are distinguished. Factor contributing to the development of primary or idiopathic gonarthrosis is the patient's advanced age. Exact external causes in medicine are not established. This type of disease is two-sided, that is, it affects both legs. The second type of gonarthrosis occurs due to a knee injury or as a complication after infections. It can develop in a patient at any age and can be either unilateral or bilateral.
The main reasons for the development of gonarthrosis are fractures of the bones of the knee joint, arthritis, bone tissue tumors, arthroses and spondylitis.
The disease develops gradually and at the first stages it is practically not manifested. Among his main symptoms - acute pain in the knee joint after being in a state of rest, changes in the gait. Gradually, during the movement, discomfort passes, but after a long rest appears again. With gonarthrosis, osteophytes may appear. This is the name for the growth of bone tissue. As a result of friction of the cartilage tissues, the joint membrane becomes inflamed about these formations. The skin in this place is redder, a tumor appears, the patient's temperature rises.
Stages of gonarthrosis:
Deformation of the joint is almost imperceptible. Periodically, slight pain may occur;
Deformation is clearly visible at this stage. The pain intensifies, the attacks become longer. A crunch in the knee joint is possible;
The disease is rapidly progressing. Now the pain is felt both during movement and at rest, the gait changes.
Gonarthrosis is diagnosed on the basis of an X-ray and visual examination of the knee joint. It is recommended to perform foot massage to improve blood circulation. This will reduce pain. For the same purpose, venotonics and vasodilating agents are used. Analgesics help to get rid of pain. Chondroprotectors act on the cartilaginous tissue. At the third stage of the development of the disease, surgical intervention may be required. Endoprosthetics can replace the knee joint, completely restoring all its functions. With the help of arthroscopy, it is possible to slow down the development of gonarthrosis.
In the knee joint, there are two special cartilaginous pads that facilitate the load on the joint during active movements. They are called menisci. The medial or inner meniscus is damaged less often than the lateral, known as the outer one. Such a trauma can occur in a person regardless of age and type of activity. The development of meniscopathy is promoted by jumping, squats, skiing. At risk are those who suffer from gout or arthritis, diabetes mellitus, have weak ligaments or excess weight, increasing the load on the joints.
The main symptom for a meniscus injury is a click in the knee joint, and then a sharp pain. The younger the person, the sharper he feels. In elderly people cartilage is not saturated enough moisture, so the sensations are weaker. When severe pain occurs, the patient stops moving. Gradually, the discomfort passes, and then again a person can hardly walk. The next day the knee swells up, but it is a protective reaction aimed at restoring a clamped meniscus after trauma. Otherwise, the disease becomes chronic. The duration of the attack of pain is several weeks. During this time the swelling is gone. In the absence of the necessary treatment meniscopathy is periodically manifested by attacks of severe pain and as a result can lead to arthrosis.
The most reliable diagnostic method in this case is magnetic resonance imaging. In the course of this, the nature and degree of damage to the meniscus is determined. If it is completely torn off, surgery is necessary. The surgeon removes completely the meniscus or part of it. Therapeutic methods are effective in pinching or tearing. Restore the functions of the knee joint in this case, you can in several sessions with a traumatologist or chiropractor. Edema can remove corticosteroids and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. But first of all it is necessary to eliminate the cause of the tumor.
Arthritis is considered the most common form of knee disease. It involves the defeat of the synovial membrane, capsules, cartilage. If there is no treatment for this disease, the patient may lose his ability to work, lose the opportunity to walk and actively move.
Arthritis can be of the following types:
rheumatoid - factors contributing to its development are unknown;
post traumatic - is the result of sprains, bruises, tears, damage to the meniscus;
reactive - the cause of its appearance is considered food poisoning, infection of tissues;
deforming - occurs when circulatory disturbances occur;
gouty - is caused by malfunctions in metabolism in the body, deposits of urate sodium.
In addition, arthritis is primary when it occurs as a result of an injury and the development of an infection against it, or secondary, when inflammation occurs in other tissues, and enters the knee joint with lymph or blood.
The development of the disease contributes to overweight, increasing the load on the joints, and the elderly, as over time the cartilage and bone tissue wear out. Significant physical activity, frequent weight lifting, and immunodeficiency also lead to arthritis.
Attacks of the disease are accompanied by unpleasant sensations in the knee joint, redness, swelling. They become longer and more painful as arthritis develops. With the formation of pus in the patient, the temperature rises.
Treatment involves measures aimed at eliminating edema, discomfort, restoring the functions of the knee joint, preventing new seizures. Relief from pain is carried out with the help of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and analgesics. Effective warming and distracting ointments, as well as restorative drugs. In the period of remission, physiotherapy, massage and therapeutic gymnastics are prescribed.
If conservative treatment does not yield the necessary results, surgical intervention is performed. Folk remedies can be used after consultation with a specialist when combined with medications prescribed by a doctor.
This disease affects the periarticular tissues: muscles, ligaments, tendons, joint capsule. Periarthritis is more susceptible to places, which account for a significant load during movement, including the knee joint.
The cause of its development are chronic diseases, frequent hypothermia of the body, problems in the work of the endocrine system, peripheral vessels. Post-traumatic periarthritis occurs as a result of joint damage.
This disease is characterized by aching pain in the knee joint area, edema formation. Upon examination, the doctor can identify the presence of nodules and small seals. When you press on them, the patient experiences significant pain. When walking, there is discomfort in the knee joint.
During treatment it is recommended to limit movement and more often to be at rest. To remove inflammation and reduce the pain allow non-steroid drugs, such as diclofenac. With periarthritis, physiotherapy is performed. The most common exposure to cold is local cryotherapy, infrared laser therapy, the application of paraffin-ozocerite applications is used. It is necessary to improve the condition of the periarticular tissues.
Older women often suffer from a particular form of this disease - the periarthritis of the goose paw bag. It involves inflammation of the knee tendons from the inside. Edema, joint deformation does not occur. Pain is felt only when moving on uneven surfaces, when wearing shoes with high heels. If the disease is diagnosed on time, then in the early stages of development it can be cured quickly. For this, it is necessary to carry out physiotherapy procedures, to administer the medications prescribed by the doctor.
Tendonitis of the knee joint
It consists in inflammation of the tendon tissue in the area of its attachment to the bone or in the area of the muscle-tendon junction. This disease is known as the "knee jumper".In many ways, this is due to the fact that the cause of tendonitis is the employment of such sports as basketball, cycling, volleyball. Athletes, older people, adolescents and children - that's who is most susceptible to the disease. It affects the patellar patch, responsible for the implementation of flexion and extensor movement. Tendonitis can appear only on one leg or both at once and can be of two types: tendobursitis and tendovaginitis. In the first case, the tendon bag inflames, and in the second case, the tendon sheath.
The causes of tendonitis are:
other diseases( gout, rheumatoid polyarthritis);
injury, sprains, bruises;
constant physical activity;
fungal infections, parasites.
With tendinitis, pain often appears when weather changes. The knee joint swells, there is a restriction of its mobility, and when it moves - creaking. Attacks of pain provoke active movements. In later stages of tendonitis, a patellar ligament can be broken.
During X-rays, the disease is detected when the cause of its occurrence is the deposition of salts, bursitis or arthritis. Laboratory tests in diagnosis are effective when tendonitis occurs as a complication after infection. Detailed information on the deformation of the tendons allows obtaining different types of tomography.
In the first stages of the disease, conservative treatment methods can be managed. It is necessary to limit the motor activity. In some cases, the immobilization of the knee joint is required, so use gypsum or a langnet. The doctor prescribes medicines( non-steroidal, anti-inflammatory) and physiotherapy. In critical situations, injections of corticosteroids and antibiotics are necessary. From physical therapy, magnetic, iontophoresis and electrophoresis are often used. Surgical removal of degenerative tissues at the last stages of tendinitis. With the accumulation of pus in the region of the knee joint, an opening and pumping is performed. Medication can be combined with the use of traditional medicine to get the best result. Under the supervision of the trainer, it is also recommended that you exercise. After recovery, you can go to normal sports. Positive influence on the condition of the knee joint with tendinitis is provided by yoga.
Rheumatoid arthritis refers to a systemic disease and manifests itself in the form of inflammation of the connective tissue. The exact reasons for its appearance are not known. There is a genetic predisposition to rheumatoid arthritis. At the moment of weakening of immunity, the disease begins to develop actively. They suffer both men and women at any age. It affects the connective tissue in the region of the joints, which account for a significant load, including the knee. The lack of timely diagnosis and treatment of rheumatoid arthritis in most cases leads to disability and even death. Death comes from infectious complications and kidney failure.
There are factors that contribute to the development of rheumatoid arthritis. This is a constant emotional tension, frequent hypothermia of the body.
In accordance with the symptoms, the following stages of development of rheumatoid arthritis are distinguished:
Swelling and swelling of the knee arises. The patient is in pain. An increase in body temperature is possible;
Inflamed cells actively divide. This causes the compaction of the synovium;
At the last stage, bone and cartilaginous tissue is affected. The knee joint deforms and does not fulfill its functions. Attacks of pain become stronger and more lasting.
Rheumatoid arthritis develops slowly. The first time can manifest only in the form of stiffness in the knee joint after being in a state of rest for a long time, for example, in the morning on waking. Pain occurs at night and with a sharp change of weather.
Diagnosis of the disease on the basis of biochemical analysis of blood, X-rays and pronounced external symptoms: redness of the skin, swelling, joint deformation, pain in it. If arthritis is caused by an infection, then antibacterial drugs are prescribed. Relieve pain in the joint and inflammation is helped by corticosteroids and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. It is also necessary to practice therapeutic gymnastics and regularly do massage.
Inflammation, which occurs inside the synovial bag, in medicine was called bursitis. Its cause is the accumulation of exudate, that is, a liquid containing dangerous microorganisms. Bursitis occurs as a result of a knee injury, significant physical exertion to it or as a complication of an infectious disease. Arthritis or gout also contribute to its development.
Bursitis can be determined from the stiffness of movements, pain in the knee joint area. Inflammation is especially noticeable after pressing movements on the skin. The patient experiences weakness, malaise, may lose appetite. If the cause of bursitis is an infectious disease, the body temperature rises. Its important difference from arthritis is the preservation of the ability to perform flexion-extensor movements.
During the diagnosis, the doctor examines the symptoms of the disease, examines the knee joint. To accurately determine the nature of the accumulated fluid, a puncture is performed. At the first stages of development of bursitis with it you can cope with the help of compresses, wraps. The patient must comply with bed rest. With chronic bursitis, a puncture is made to remove the accumulated fluid inside the bag, and then rinse the cavity.
This chronic disease is associated with deposits of sodium monoaurate, which provokes attacks of acute pain in the knee joint. Gout is more common in men than in women. The causes of its development is the violation of urinary metabolism, as a result of which the level of uric acid rises in the blood. This leads to the use of excessive amounts of products containing purines. These include meat and fish. Promotes the development of the disease and alcohol abuse.
Gout is manifested in the form of sharp pains in the knee joint and redness of the skin in this area. In soft tissues dense nodules - tofusi are formed. They are a collection of uric acid. Sometimes tofusi breaks, and it comes out. Attacks of pain with gout can last for several days or even a week.
To determine gout, you can by high content of uric acid in the blood. For this, a biochemical analysis is done. Also as part of the diagnosis, radiography is performed. To cope with the attack of gout, you should follow a diet, less to move. The patient should be provided with emotional and physical rest. The diet is combined with drug therapy.
Disturbance of the processes of bone formation leads to deformation of the skeleton, brittle bones. In medicine, this phenomenon is called Paget's disease. It affects the tubular bones of the legs and can cause pain in the knee joint. In men, Paget's disease is more common than in women. It usually occurs in people in old age.
It is difficult to determine the presence of this disease, as it may not be accompanied by any symptoms. In some cases, patients can feel pain at night, and the place of the affected bone feels warm. Diagnosis of Paget's disease is carried out using a biochemical blood test, which shows an increased content of phosphatase, biopsy and x-rays.
Relieve pain with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. In general, the treatment is aimed at preventing complications of Paget's disease: increasing the strength of bones, reducing their fragility. This is possible due to the use of bisphosphonates and preparations serving as a source of calcium. Regularly you should take tests and see a doctor. In neglected cases, rehabilitation is carried out in the clinic. With Paget's disease it is worth keeping to a diet, conducting physical education classes under the supervision of a specialist and avoiding falls and injuries. Because of the fragility of bones, the probability of fractures is high.
This disease occurs in at least 5% of the population. Fibromyalgia is expressed in the form of symmetrical musculo-skeletal pain, often appearing in the region of the knee joint. The reasons for its occurrence are poorly understood, but it is known that discomfort is not caused by inflammatory processes.
The main complaints in patients other than musculoskeletal pain are poor sleep, fatigue, loss of strength, intestinal disorders, convulsions and spasms, numbness and morning stiffness. The commonality of symptoms often becomes the cause of an incorrect diagnosis. Fibromyalgia can be confused with depression.
The cause of the disease is considered stress, emotional stress, accelerated exchange of serotonin, physical trauma. Diagnosis of fibromyalgia is carried out by various methods and is selected by the doctor individually. Often, the presence of the disease is determined even by excluding the presence of other ailments.
Treatment is medication and non-pharmacological methods. The patient in most cases necessarily prescribed antidepressants, painkillers. It is recommended to avoid stressful situations, play sports, keep to a diet, and perform massage sessions.
The diagnosis of "osteomyelitis" is made if the patient develops a purulent-necrotic process of bone and soft tissues around her. They are caused by special bacteria that produce pus. Infectious agents penetrate in various ways: endogenously - through the blood, spreading from the focus of inflammation, exogenously - as a result of fracture treatment, tooth filling. Osteomyelitis can be caused by trauma or Staphylococcus aureus.
There are 2 main types of disease: hematogenous and traumatic. In the first case, osteomyelitis for a long time does not appear externally. However, the patient may experience malaise, weakness. Then there is a sharp increase in body temperature and there is a sharp pain. Inflammatory process proceeds very quickly. Possible sepsis, leading to the death of the patient. Traumatic osteomyelitis develops when the treatment was started too late. Attacks of pain in this case alternate with a state of rest.
Treatment of osteomyelitis is medicated with antibiotics and surgically. In the course of the operation, pus, dead tissue cells are removed.
In medicine, a Baker cyst is a knee or popliteal hernia. Its size can vary, but rarely exceeds several centimeters. Most often occurs in people after 30 years and in children aged 3-7 years. Baker's cyst is formed due to damage to the knee. Also, it is caused by diseases such as arthritis and osteoarthritis.
Because of the small size of the Baker cyst, sometimes even a doctor may not be detected. The patient does not cause any anxiety, changes in his state of health are not observed. There may be pain in the knee, swelling, unpleasant sensations when performing flexion-extensor movements. In some cases, the cyst eventually passes by itself.
In the presence of severe pain, aspiration occurs. It is also necessary if the cyst is large. Good help to ease the pain of non-steroid drugs, but they can only be taken under medical supervision. Remove inflammation allows the imposition of compresses, performing physical exercises aimed at strengthening the knee.
This disease is often called dissecting osteochondrosis. The area of the cartilage can be detached along the bone and move freely in the knee joint. This makes it difficult and causes pain. This phenomenon is called König's disease. Most often it occurs precisely in the knee joint. Isolate the adult form of the disease, which is treated more difficultly, and nursery. In the course of development, König's disease passes through 4 stages.
To its symptoms include dull pain, in the joint accumulates synovial fluid. Unpleasant sensations are most strongly felt during movement. The separation of the cartilage exposes the bone, which is accompanied by inflammation, which is manifested by edema. The most informative is the radiation method of diagnosis in König disease.
At the initial stages, you can cope with it with the help of conservative methods of treatment. For older patients, as well as in later stages, surgical intervention is usually required. The patient needs physical and emotional rest.
This disease manifests itself in the form of the formation of a painful cone in the region of the patella. Suffer them children and adolescents. A high risk of Osgood-Schlatter disease in those who engage in sports, for example, basketball, figure skating, ballet. The most common problems with the patella occur in boys. Doctors attribute this to the fact that they are subject to more serious physical exertion than girls.
The main symptoms of the disease are edema in the knee area, swelling, sharp pains moving: running, jumping. The tuberosity is noticeable to the touch. Osgood-Schlatter disease affects, as a rule, only the knee of one leg.
It goes by itself with age. But in some cases, physical therapy or medication is required, which involves taking painkillers. You can make cold compresses on your own. It is necessary to use the patella when doing physical exercises. Therapeutic gymnastics helps to strengthen the tendons, but it must be conducted under the supervision of a doctor.
Infectious diseases of the knee joint: Lyme disease, Reiter's syndrome
Lyme disease develops after the bite of an infected tick. It acquires a chronic and recurrent character as the pathogens multiply in the body. Diagnosis of the disease can be based on a biochemical blood test.
In Lyme disease, the patient experiences pain in the muscles and tendons. Most often it affects the knee joints. Possible arrhythmia, headaches, depression, weakness. When diagnosed, Lyme disease is easily confused with another disease, so at the first suspicions it is necessary to consult a doctor so that he confirms the presence of infection and prescribes antibiotics.
Reiter's syndrome refers to inflammation of the urinary tract, eyes and joints, including the knee. When urinating, patients feel itching, stinging and burning. In the knee joints, severe pain is felt, and the lesion usually has an asymmetrical character. The skin in the region of the knee acquires a reddish hue, the swelling is formed. The disease can have both acute and chronic form. The cause of it becomes a genito-urinary or intestinal infection. After diagnosis, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are treated.
Article author: Muravitsky Igor Valerievich, rheumatologist
Gouty arthritis of the ankle
Gouty arthritis of the ankle
Gout is a joint disease in the process of which accumulation of salt occurs. Gouty arthritis can affect the various joints of a person, for example;
- manual or foot;
- knee joint;
- ankle joint;
- heel joint and not only.
Despite this, very common today is considered to be gouty arthritis of the ankle.
Description of Gout
A classic case of gout disease is characterized by acute pain that occurs in the area of the affected area. Painful sensations are of a periodic nature, that is, they can arise and disappear unexpectedly. Lack of timely treatment can lead to the fact that the pain will be permanent. What happens to the joint that struck gout?
It should be noted that this disease leads to the fact that the body significantly increases the percentage of uric acid. This in turn leads to the formation of salt and the accumulation of it in the joints, which is the result of pain, swelling and redness. The danger of such changes in the structure of the joint is due to the fact that with improper treatment it can collapse, and the salts accumulated there will spread to the approximate tissues.
Collapse of the articular cartilage
Given all of the above, it follows that the earlier the treatment of gouty arthritis begins, the easier it is to get rid of it. Treatment should be the right and appointed specialist, only then it will help to avoid the negative impact of the disease on the body.
How to recognize the gout of the ankle
Sometimes a gout attack is called an attack, as it appears abruptly and is accompanied by severe pain. Very often, the exacerbation of this disease begins at night, the affected area begins to ache in the patient. It happens that people confuse gouty arthritis with other similar diseases, but it has distinctive features:
- attack of this disease comes dramatically and very painful;
- any touch to the damaged area is very painful and unpleasant;
- presence in the body of increased concentration of uric acid.
Of course, to detect internal signs of gout it is necessary to carry out a diagnosis and to take a blood test, but external signs are also easy to recognize. Even the slightest touch to a site affected by gouty arthritis is accompanied by unbearable pain.
In addition, the affected area can swell and blush - these symptoms are a signal for immediate access to a specialist.
Kind of ankle affected by gout
Causes of arthritic arthritis
The danger of gouty arthritis is that it has quite common causes of occurrence, so it affects every person. Of course, the main reason for its occurrence is considered to be a hereditary predisposition, but this is not all.
Even if a person has such a heredity, the disease may not occur if he will lead a healthy lifestyle and eat right. Most often, this disease is observed in people who abuse alcohol or use a lot of meat products.
There are many cases where an exacerbation of gouty arthritis occurs in the event of a power failure, for example, after a lavish feast or a picnic. It is the intake of fatty meat foods that can cause an attack of gouty arthritis of the ankle joint. But not only overeating, but also starvation can cause an exacerbation of the disease.
Given this, it can be concluded that any changes in human nutrition can trigger gout attacks. That is why proper and balanced nutrition is an integral part of the treatment of this disease.
How to determine the occurrence of arthritic arthritis
So, in order to start treatment of gouty arthritis in time and avoid the negative consequences of this disease, you need to pay attention to its symptoms, namely:
- severe acute pain in the ankle;
- swelling and swelling;
- discoloration of the skin;
- sensitivity to touch.
These symptoms are a clear sign of gout, but do not self-medicate, because for an accurate diagnosis it is necessary to carry out diagnostics. Referring to a qualified specialist, the patient will be assigned an X-ray and a biochemical blood test.
Diagnosis of gout
Based on the results of these studies, it will be possible to determine the area and extent of joint damage, as well as the level of uric acid in the blood. Having defined these indicators, it is possible to prescribe a treatment that will be most effective and quick-acting.
How to treat gouty ankle arthritis
After performing all the necessary diagnostics and putting an accurate diagnosis, the doctor prescribes a course of treatment for a patient with gout. The first and main stage of treatment is the course of taking medications. The number of drugs prescribed for this disease includes:
- drugs that regulate urate metabolism;
- uricosuric preparations and not only.
These drugs are aimed at stabilizing the body and contribute to the normalization of uric acid in the blood. As a result of their intake, the level of salt crystals decreases and, accordingly, joint work improves. At complex stages of the disease or during a period of exacerbation, a complex of these drugs is attributed.
It is very important to remember that the effectiveness of treatment depends primarily on its correctness, so the main thing is to follow the appointment of a doctor. Only a specialized doctor will be able to correctly assess the degree of the disease and choose the optimal dose of drugs for a particular case.
Given the fact that medications prescribed for gouty arthrosis in gouty arthrosis have a lot of contraindications and they can not be used in case of other diseases, you should carefully read the instructions before using.
Taking medicines for a gout
In addition to having to undergo a course of drug treatment, the patient must strictly follow the diet and, if necessary, make compresses.
Treatment of gouty arthrosis at home
As already mentioned, the diet is very important not only in the treatment of gouty arthrosis of the ankle joint, but also for the prevention of this disease. Together with the attending physician, the patient should accurately plan his diet and follow the doctor's recommendations.
There is a specific list of products that are strictly prohibited for this disease - meat and fish in any form, meat and fish by-products, mushrooms, chocolate, legumes, some sorts of cheese that have an elevated level of salt or pepper. In addition, to contraindicated include all spicy dishes, including marinades, as well as coffee, strong tea, cocoa and, finally, alcoholic beverages.
As for the permitted products, they include dietary meat, for example, rabbit or white chicken meat, eggs, all dairy products, except salty and spicy cheese, berries, fruits and vegetables, and seafood. That is, to prevent and treat gouty arthritis is to take more products of vegetable-milk origin.
In addition, it is recommended to use more liquid, except for that which is included in the number of harmful products.
Observing the rules of nutrition in the location to gouty arthrosis, the patient can be sure that this disease does not catch him unawares, and sudden sharp pains will not disturb him.
Video - Gouty arthritis of the ankle
Treatment of gout with folk remedies - Sustavy-Bezboli.ru
Since the days of Hippocrates, gout treatment has been widely used by folk remedies, and today this technique is an excellent addition to modern traditional treatment.
Authors of ancient medical tracts and medical institutions called gout disease aristocrats and kings. However, the sufferers, faced with this terrible ailment, know firsthand how not at all aristocraticly he can mutilate the appearance of a person. In order to get rid of terrible pain, from time immemorial people used the methods of traditional healers. And even now, in the age of modern technology, the treatment of gout is successfully supplemented by priceless knowledge of the ancients.
What is gout and why does it occur?
gout of the toes
Gout, or uric acid arthritis - is a disease that develops due to the gradual accumulation of uric acid crystals( urates) in the joints. Such a state is a consequence of a violation of protein metabolism.
Due to the increased production of urate, the excretory system can not cope with their excretion, and they begin to accumulate in the body. As a rule, salts are deposited in some joint( most often in this case the thumbs of the foot, hands, elbows and knees suffer).
With the development of the pathological process, the immune system, sensing salts of uric acid for dangerous foreign agents, is activated and includes protection mechanisms. Attacking the affected joint, it provokes tumor development, redness and causes severe pain.
Also, with this form of arthritis, the kidneys suffer( because of the intense accumulation of uric acid, stones often form in them), which leads to an even worse deterioration of well-being.
Diet for gout
Treatment of gout with folk remedies provides, first of all, strict adherence to diet, as the formation of urates is directly related to consumed food. Provoke increased production of uric acid foods with increased content of animal fats( by-products, fatty fish and meat, canned food and smoked meat), as well as alcohol.
Patients are strongly advised not to use the broth obtained during cooking meat or fish because it contains most of the purine compounds.
The amount of salt consumed( up to 1 gram per day!) Must be necessarily limited. Very harmful for gout tea, coffee, cocoa and chocolate, cauliflower, mushrooms, spinach and legumes.
Gout should be preferred to sour-milk products, cereals, pasta, raw vegetables and fruits.
Traditional methods of treatment
In the arsenal of traditional healers, there are many ways to treat gout. Here are just some of them:
- Compresses from fish. It will take a raw fish without bones. Pre-it must be frozen in cellophane bags in small portions. Before going to bed beforehand defrosted fish fillet obkladyvayut affected joint, then wrapped with food film and insulated. Such procedures should be performed for 10 days.
- Ointment from gout, cooked according to an old Russian recipe includes alcohol and unsalted home-made butter( 1: 1).Beforehand, the butter melts in a frying pan( before the foam appears), and then alcohol is added to it. Very carefully, the mixture should be burned and the alcohol completely burned, after which the obtained ointment should be transferred to a prepared container and stored in a refrigerator. It should be rubbed into a sore spot during an attack next to a heat source( heater, fireplace) until the pain subsides.
- Also folk healers at gout are advised to be treated with onion soup, herbal decoctions and tinctures. It is very useful in this case, daisy, lilacs and a string.
Folk medicine - joint treatment folk remedies, arthritis, gout
Plants, previously shredded( in a coffee grinder or meat grinder) to mix. And for the preparation of medicinal composition, 2 tablespoons of the collection should be poured with 1 liter of boiling water. Brew the grass in a thermos, and insist the whole night. Take the medicine should be half a glass 4-5 times a day. The course of treatment is 2-3 months
For arthritis, you can try the following treatment:
- The mattress must be filled with fresh fern leaves and sleep on it. It is said that in 2-3 months the most severe forms of arthritis, gout and salt deposits are cured.
- Simultaneously make compresses from a mixture of paraffin, bile medical, goose fat, urine fresh and camphor oil, taken in equal proportions
- Inside take apple cider vinegar for 2 tsp.3 times a day for 30 minutes.before meals. Vinegar is diluted with water and honey is added( for 2 tsp vinegar 200 ml water and 2 tsp honey).Take a month, make a 20-day break and repeat again. This procedure should be carried out 3 times a year.
- And as often as possible to consume fresh tomato juice, which enhances the processes of metabolism in the body
Pine nuts from joint pain
Uncleaned pine nuts in cold water, dried on a towel and slightly calcined in a frying pan. Then use a hammer to remove the shell. Fill the shell with a bottle( 0.5 liters) and fill with quality alcohol or a good home-brew. The bottle should be clogged and placed in a dark warm place. Infuse for 20 days, then drain and treat. Start with 2 drops a day in a spoonful of water. Take before meals at the same time( preferably before dinner).Daily increase the dose by 1 drop within 3 weeks. Go to 22 drops a day, then reduce the dose of 1 drop, reaching 2 drops. Take a break for 3 days and continue taking the tincture. To conduct 3 courses of treatment.
For arthritis, the following treatment helps:
- Prepare the formula: turpentine -150 ml, olive oil - 150 ml, alcohol( 70%) - 150 ml, camphor - 3 g. Mix everything. To apply for grinding.
- Prepare the formula: black radish juice - 200 ml, honey bee - 150 g, vodka - 100 ml, salt - 15 g. All the mix and rub into the diseased joints.- Rub the area of the affected joint with pharmacy preparations made of pine resin( turpentine complex liniment).
- Bottle( 0.5 liters) fill loosely with red clover and pour vodka. Insist 10 days in a warm dark place. Strain. Use for compresses and rubbing. This tincture well removes joint pain.
- In 100 ml of alcohol dissolve 50 g of camphor and 50 g of mustard powder. Separately, whip 100 g of egg white and combine both compounds. Rub into diseased joints.
There is a very good prescription for the treatment of the musculoskeletal system.
We take 200 g rhizome of the saber, 100 g of the roots of the tentacle erect( kalgan), put a glass jar in 3 l, pour it up with good vodka and put it in the dark place for 3-4 weeks. Then it must be filtered, poured into dark beer bottles - and the medicine is ready. Accepted for 1 tbsp.l.3 times a day for 20 minutes before meals. You can drink with water, 40-50 ml. The course of treatment is 1 month. After a month's break, take the 2nd and 3rd courses. Improvement occurs after the first course, but recovery comes after three courses. This same tincture is done by grinding, but you can make an ointment for rubbing. As a basis, use unsalted butter, lard, vegetable oil. Put the base in a dry clean pan, melt in a water bath. Then, in the cooled base, gradually add the powder of the sabelnik and kalgan( you can have elecampane).In this case, rub the ointment continuously with a wooden spoon, rub the mass to a homogeneous state and prevent it only in one direction, so that the ointment does not exfoliate. Warm up the ointment rubbed into sore spots: back, neck, shoulders, knees, elbows, hands, feet and other diseased partsbody. Then wrap yourself in a warm blanket and lie down. To prepare the ointment, you need 200 g of rhizome rhizome, 100 g of kalgan root( or 100 g of elecampane roots), ground in a mortar or coffee grinder into powder( flour).1 kg of butter, or lard, or 1 liter of vegetable oil. This tincture and ointment very well treat arthritis, arthrosis, polyarthritis, osteochondrosis, sciatica, rheumatism, gout and other diseases of the musculoskeletal system.
Folk remedies for joint inflammation:
- gruel from radish, horseradish roots - grate and rub or make compresses;
- fir oil with salt - 10 ml of fir( it is possible turpentine oil) to warm up to 35 °, soak a rag, pour a layer of salt on top, apply a rag to the sore spot, cover with a packet and tie up with a bandage for the night. The course of treatment is 5-7 days;
- inside take diuretic plants that will help to remove swelling and inflammation. This herb fell-pala, leaves of kidney tea, cranberries, nettles, corn stigmas, dandelion roots, horsetail( 1 tbsp of any of these herbs per 1 cup of boiling water);
- from barley flour, grated quince and vinegar to make a medicinal gruel and tie to a sore spot. This bandage prevents joint swelling, helps with gout.
Than to treat joints?
- Take 100 g of hazel( hazel) leaves and pour 3 glasses of medical alcohol. They insist 21 days in a warm and dark place. Use as rubbing or compress at night.
- Mix thoroughly, taking even, the grass is removed, the roots of burdock and marshmallow. Pour 0.5 liters of boiling water 2 tsp.collection and insist 45 minutes. Take 0.5 cup 3 times a day. At the same time, you can rub the sick joints with apple cider vinegar. It is better to do grinding for the night, just before bedtime.
- 100 g of burdock root and elecampane are passed through a meat grinder. Fill it all with 0.5 liters of medical alcohol. Insist 21 days in a dark and warm place. Apply for compresses and rubbing 3 times a week at night.
- Pour 100 ml of vodka 10 g of propolis, insist 10 days and take 50 drops in 0.5 glasses of warm water 3 times a day. The course is 30 days, then a break for 14 days, and the course is repeated.
- It is also very good to apply burlap-soaked propolis to sick joints, which is covered by bees( you can ask the beekeepers).
Useful teas from gout
To prevent the development of gout, it is useful to drink tea with cranberry leaves or a drink with chicory. Cowberry leaves boil with boiling water( 1 tsp spoonful for 1 cup boiling water), let it brew and drink a little. For a day you can drink no more than 4 glasses.1-2 tsp chicory herbs pour 1 cup boiling water, insist a few minutes, strain. Drink 0.5 glasses 2-3 times a day for 30 minutes before eating.
Pain in the knee joints
It is necessary to pour 2 liters of hot but tolerant foot water into the basin, add 2 tsp.ground cinnamon, 1 tbsp.l.dry powder of mustard and grate 1 radish( only black, winter, others are not considered therapeutic).All thoroughly mix and hold your feet in the basin. When the water cools down a little, wet the cloth( linen, cotton) in it and squeeze it out and attach it to the problem areas. Keep until dry. Do these procedures 2-3 times a day. For a week, as a rule, the pain disappears. And it happens, and before - it all depends on your body.
Lemon tincture from joint pain
To reduce pain in joints during exacerbation of rheumatism, use lemon tincture, which you can prepare yourself. To do this, peel with 4-5 lemons, finely chop them and zest, then pour 0.5 liters of vodka and insist a week in a dark place. This tincture every day before going to bed rub the sick joints, and then their woolen cloth. Reliefless lemon helps with both leg cramps and headaches. In this case, spread the sore spots on your feet or whiskey with clean lemon juice and let it dry. Even the strongest cramps and pain instantly pass.
Miracle-elixir of the fierce
The Liverpool must always be present in the medicine cabinet. Its medicinal properties can not be overestimated. Prepare an elixir from a live-eye is not at all difficult. Measure out a glass of the crushed raw material and fill it with vegetable oil so that it covers it completely( about 300 ml).Leave for several hours, so that the shredded cheerfulness is impregnated with oil, then heat the mixture to a temperature of 60 ° C, remove from heat, pour into a glass jar and leave for two more weeks. Use an elixir for arthritis, bruises, bruises, joint injuries with ligament rupture, and other traumatic body lesions.
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Gout on legs: causes, symptoms, treatment and diet
As a rule, the first attacks of gout are short-term. The attack almost always begins suddenly, and in most cases - at night. Usually the joint of the big toe is inflamed. Much more rarely, large fingers, elbows, knees, ankles, wrist joints, calcaneal tendons are affected.
During an attack a person experiences unbearable pain, the joint swells, the skin over it becomes hot and bright red. Severe pain is caused by even the slightest movement in the joint or an easy touch to it. The patient suffers a few days, after which the attack goes also suddenly, as it began.
Some time later, the pain repeats as suddenly. Moreover, while the intervals between attacks in the beginning of the disease are long enough - from one to seven months - and the duration of attacks is small, with time everything changes. Attacks are becoming more lengthy, and the intervals between them are short.In the end, there comes a time when the pain becomes permanent, and the intervals between attacks are absent. This condition is called "chronic gouty arthritis" or "gouty status."When chronic gout articular cartilage is destroyed, and in the bones adjacent to it, special defects are formed, called "piercers",
Uric acid crystals can be deposited even under the skin, while forming solid white nodules filled with a pulpy mass. They are called tofus, and in most cases they appear near the joints or on the auricles. Sometimes they break through, and then the crystals of urate sodium are released through the formed fistula. Rank after the breakthrough tofusa heals without consequences in a few days.
In addition to the above troubles, gouty arthritis, in particular - neglected, almost always leads to urolithiasis, since urate is deposited in the kidneys.
Very often, before a bout of gout, a person is nervous, he often changes his mood. In this state, appetite may disappear and pressure increase, in some cases heartburn and nausea develop, and stool changes are noted.
It should be noted that in women gouty arthritis proceeds much more easily. They rarely have gout attacks, piercers in bones and tophi are much less likely to form. In most cases, this disease manifests itself in female representatives with blurred chronic pain in the ankle or knee joint. In this case, to determine that this is gout, and not arthrosis, the doctor will be able only on the strong puffiness of the inflamed joint, which is not characteristic for arthrosis.
An accurate and timely diagnosis plays a significant role in the treatment of gouty arthritis, like any other disease. Naturally, the patient should be the first to notice the symptoms: when finding swollen joints, touching which causes painful sensations, it is necessary to consult a doctor without delay.
Diagnosis begins with an overall assessment of the clinical picture of gouty arthritis. If a rheumatologist suspects gout, he should refer the patient to a laboratory blood test, urinalysis, x-ray examination and ultrasound. The diagnosis is confirmed or refuted based on the results of these studies.
Read the news about the correct treatment of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine.
Here it is told in detail how to properly treat the intervertebral hernia of the lumbar spine.
Causes of arthritis of the ankle joint!http://spina-systavi.com /bolezni/sustavov/artrit/ kak-oblegchit-sostoyanie-bolnogo-s-artritom-golenostopnogo-sustava.html
Methods of treating gouty arthritis can be different. The most common of these is drug treatment. In the detection of gouty arthritis, the doctor appoints the patient non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. If the gout attacks are acute, the rheumatologist injects the drugs directly into the joint.
Injections are given once, but in some cases a second injection is required. In the case of multiple joints, the doctor prescribes non-steroid antibiotics in the form of tablets.Sometimes you can alleviate the pain by applying ice to the affected joint, but if the pain is worse from the cold, use dry heat( for example, a warmer and a blanket).However, it should be noted that these funds are of a short-term nature, removing the symptoms of the disease only for a while.
Since salts on the joints of the thumbs are deposited due to delayed uric acid, the doctor can also prescribe medications to the patient that lower the level of the acid in the blood. Similar drugs for the treatment of gouty arthritis are also useful because they prevent the development of sand and stones in the kidneys and significantly reduce the risk of arthritis.
Among the modern ways to treat gout on the legs is to highlight the methods of physiotherapy. The affected joint is then subjected to electrophoresis. Electrical microcurrents are capable of destroying salt deposits and, in addition, they promote the excretion of sodium urate from the body. The most modern method today is the method of purifying blood with the help of special devices "plasmaphoresogemosorption".If the case is severe, it may be necessary to resort to surgical removal of the growths of the affected joint.
In addition, in the treatment of arthritic arthritis on the feet, doctors are working with patients to reduce the weight of the patient, as well as to treat diseases associated with metabolic disorders such as diabetes.
It is extremely undesirable to engage in self-medication with the use of decoction of various herbs and other methods of traditional medicine. Attempts to self-relieve the ailment can cause deterioration of the patient's condition, as well as cause side effects.
For gouty arthritis the patient must necessarily follow a special diet. First of all, he needs to increase the amount of liquids drunk per day to three liters. You can drink as simple water, and various unsweetened compotes, fruit drinks, juices, teas. The mineral water also has a positive effect on the patient's condition.Over the next year, the meat of young animals( veal, lamb), meat broths, soups, beef entrails, offal( brains, lungs, kidneys, liver), cold meat, mackerel, herring, sardines and alcohol must be excluded from the diet.
In addition, the consumption of mutton, beef, ham, poultry meat, sausages( especially liver sausage), pike perch, sprat, sprats, cod, mushrooms and ceps, beans, peas, cauliflower, radish, sorrel,spinach, lentils, asparagus, figs, coffee, cocoa, beer, oatmeal.
Read the article and find out why the back hurts during pregnancy.
Here it is in detail told that such chondroprotectors and as them to accept at koksartroze.
What kind of treatment if the knee hurts when bending?http://spina-systavi.com /diagnostika/prichiny/ It is allowed to eat without any restrictions any cereals, except oatmeal, pasta, bread and other flour products, dairy products, eggs, sugar and sweets, jelly and gelatin, any butter, nuts of all kinds, all fruits and vegetables, except listed in the list of prohibited foods, dairy and vegetable soups without meat. Meat and fish can be eaten no more than three times a day exclusively in boiled form.
Among other things, it is reasonable to limit the intake of salt, as the excessive amount of salt leads to a deterioration in the activity of the kidneys, and in fact with gout their work is already somewhat broken.
- Karina A terribly unpleasant disease, I'll tell you. Fortunately, I myself do not have it, but my father sometimes gets so aggravated that he can not walk practically and literally groans in pain. .. First of all, of course, we try to follow his diet, do injections. By the way, special exercises are very good: you have to carefully roll the rolling pin with your feet.
- Yana Marchuk I live with my older sister, especially in the summer, I often have to watch a picture of her joints becoming inflamed. Honestly, this is not a pleasant picture. She is poor and can not step on her feet. It continues, somewhere in a few days. At this time she drinks the medicine and I do her foot massage. Slightly alleviates the painful urge. Massage, to the pack helps.
- Svetlana The doctor prescribed her non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs to her husband. And I do his diet, I try to salt less, I often buy my husband mineral water. It's hard to cook for him and the whole family separately, and what to do, I can not watch how he suffers at attacks. Massage also helps well, the husband says that the pain is now not as strong as before.