How to treat arthrosis of the knee
How to treat arthrosis of the knee
Stages of knee arthrosis
So, before you narrate about the treatment of anything, it is worth familiar with the disease itself and its main symptoms. Osteoarthritis of the knee joint is a disease that affects the knee, and at which there are quite strong and unpleasant painful sensations in this area. In severe cases, the work of the motor function is disrupted and deformation of the scrotal-cartilaginous tissue of your knee joint occurs.
Very complete people and retired people the main goal for impact on them with arthrosis. It is worth noting the fact that it is the female sex that is more exposed to gonarthrosis than the male. Doctors divide the disease into specific stages, depending on the complexity and strength of the joint. Naturally, the process of treating arthrosis depends on the depth of its introduction into the knee.
To understand how to treat arthrosis of the knee joint, it is worthwhile to navigate in the stages of its defeat. The first stage is almost invisible, because the pain is very rare, and then only with heavy loads. She passes quickly and the person forgets about her, until the next physical activity. This stage is often characterized by the accumulation of fluid in the knee, or rather the posterior part of it. That is, there is a kind of inflammation, which in no case can not be operated, but it can be cured with anti-inflammatory drugs. Operations are banned due to direct communication of the problem with cancer. The main thing is not to delay this process.
What is the principle of the disease
The second stage is much harder. As soon as you rise from the bed in the morning, your legs will begin to ache, the joints crunch and painfully click. It will hurt enough to bend a leg more strongly, than on equal ninety degrees. It will be necessary to refuse practically all physical exercises with weighting and loads. At this stage, the first deformation of the tissues of the knee joint begins. They are slightly flattened, then greatly expand, making the knee thicker and larger.
The most unbearable for a sick gonarthrosis is the onset of the third stage of this disease. Sitting just on the couch or lying in bed, the affected tissue will be unbearably sick. It will be difficult for a person to find a position in which his knees can be in a state of complete rest. It will hurt enough to bend, and unbend the knee. Erosion will affect all bones and cartilages of a healthy knee joint. Such circumstances indicate the end of a truly healthy human life.
Prevention of the first stage of gonarthrosis
So, modern medicine every year does not allow people to remain hopeless. At the first signs of such a disease as gonarthrosis, immediately run to a specialist at the nearest hospital closest to your location. It is necessary to minimize the load of a different physical nature, lose weight, if there are problems with extra pounds - all this will ease your knees, and reduce pain. Athletes and just very active people often get knee injuries, complications of which is arthrosis. Be more careful and thrifty to yourself.
Massage can be an excellent prevention
Treatment of arthrosis with medicines
If the disease has already managed to get deeper, then it must be treated, which to great happiness is possible and not difficult. The doctor must prescribe suitable personal anti-inflammatory drugs. Such drugs can inhibit the enlargement of the joint fluid, if there is swelling, they will remove it, and reduce the general painful pain. Do not forget that this procedure is only the beginning of a long journey, which is accompanied by a banal withdrawal of symptoms. To eliminate the very cause of the disease will take much more time and energy.
Treatment of the disease with medications
Chondroprotectors are medicines with amazing abilities. They can restore those tissues, which all the same succumbed to changes. It is also possible to revive joint health after severe deformity. Therefore, doctors prescribe such drugs for gonarthrosis in the second stage. But if you managed to maximize your health, chondroprotectors become an absolute panacea, because cartilage is in general disagreement. Nevertheless, these drugs can stop the development of the disease, renew some small defects in the cartilage and adjust the performance of the joint fluid.
Ointments and creams save humanity
Do not forget about such popular and easy-to-apply ointments, and various creams that relieve hated pains in muscles and joints. They may not be able to cure the disease, but due to the property of dispersal of blood circulation, the process of recovery of diseased tissues is accelerated. Quite effective are ointments that have a warming effect.
Ointment from arthrosis
Also doctors recommend using compresses, because they are stronger in strength than any ointment. They can soak through the skin, and act on the focal point of the disease, while the ointments work only from the outside.
Manual therapy with a good specialist
Drugs that have a large list of contraindications are known under the name as intraarticular injections. They come in very different types, and doctors like to apply them. But there were many cases when such drugs only harmed, but did not help. Therefore, only contact experienced and knowledgeable doctors, and do not forget to talk about all your allergies and previous illnesses before you get a list of medications. If the injections were still prescribed, then do not wait for immediate results. This is a long course of treatment, and that is quite unpleasant - expensive.
Let's return to the initial stage of the disease, when the arthrosis just hit the knees. It is always possible and necessary to resort to manual therapy, which gives a truly remarkable effect. After a couple of such procedures, the patients talk about the relief of pain. Good specialists in this matter have on their account a lot of people who have been rescued from the operation by carrying out therapy.
Gymnastics for arthrosis
Do exercise, do the exercises that are right for you. Buy a cane, because it will help you to bear the full weight of the body, and ease the fate of the knees. One of the popular methods of treating sick knee joints is massage them in sea water. Mix three tablespoons of salt, and the same amount of baking soda. All this is poured as much hot water as your leg can sustain, and massage it right there for about fifteen minutes. After that, do not wipe the legs, immediately wear warm socks and go to a soft bed. To feel a noticeable improvement, it takes a couple of months to engage in this procedure.
Well, it is very important to understand how painful the knee joints are, and what they can turn out for a healthy person. Carefully and painstakingly choose those drugs that treat arthrosis, because the process of recovery depends on this. Do not delay with a hike in the clinic, if the first symptoms of the disease were found. It is important to begin a complex of treatment at the first stage of the lesion than when it is already impossible to get out of bed.
Even after the complete disappearance of pain, it is worthwhile to conduct preventive procedures: make compresses, baths and the like. So, if you intend to live a healthy and rich life, without unpleasant health problems, then watch for the condition of your knees and the body as a whole.
Video - How to treat arthrosis of the knee
Arthrosis: how to treat it and how to get rid of the pain with the help of medications?
Osteoarthritis is a disease that is accompanied by a dystrophic condition of the joints of the musculoskeletal system. The disease contributes to the slow destruction of the cartilage, which is located inside the joint bag. The development of arthrosis for a long period is accompanied by an inflammatory process and degeneration of the periarticular tissues. Arthrosis is the most common joint disease. According to statistics, about 15% of the population try to get rid of arthrosis .The disease can actively develop both in men and in women. How to stop arthrosis and where to start to treat it? How can I stop the disease in stages?
The development of the disease occurs due to metabolic disorders in the joint. Consequently, cartilage begins to lose elasticity. Constant pains begin. We get rid of the pain strictly only after treatment. The loss of proteoglycans can cause severe pain. Over the years, it begins to intensify. To date, there are innovative medications that help not only stop the development of arthrosis, but also to restore joint bags. To treat arthrosis, we must identify the causes of its occurrence. After identifying the cause, you can find out how to suspend the disease or how to cure it completely.
The development of arthrosis can begin for many reasons. To have an idea of how to get rid of arthrosis or stop its development, you must first recognize it. Specialists distinguish the following main causes of arthrosis:
- Metabolic disorders.
- Disturbances of a hormonal background of the person.
- Lowering the blood flow of the joint.
- Hereditary predisposition to the disease.
- The elderly.
- Presence of injuries and other injuries.
- Presence of diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis.
- Permanent impact on the joints by a non-normalized load.
Symptoms of arthrosis are usually considered to be permanent painful sensations when the joint is loaded. When he is at rest, the pain syndrome passes. Mobility is much lower, there is a crunch, a constant sensation of muscle tension. In order not to suffer from these symptoms and stop the development of the disease, it is necessary to begin active treatment. The disease will not progress, and it can be stopped with proper treatment. An experienced specialist should treat the disease.
Stages of arthrosis disease
In medical practice, three stages of arthrosis are distinguished. The first stage is usually not accompanied by severe symptoms. Sometimes the disease makes itself felt through minor painful sensations during movements or loads on the affected joints of the ankle, knee and others. In the synovial membrane and fluid, pathological changes begin to occur slowly. Consequently, the composition of the fluid changes, making the muscles begin to weaken.
It is very important not to prevent and prevent the beginning of the second stage. It destroys the joint, osteophytes are formed. The pain syndrome becomes pronounced, the crunch is clearly heard in patients with articular ankle bags, knee. From the side of reflex neurotrophic regulation, changes of varying degrees are observed.
The most difficult stage is considered to be the third one. It begins pathological changes in the support areas of patients with joints. Consequently, a complete change in the axes of the limbs begins. Bunches become short, the bag of the joint is rough, which results in chronic inflammation. It is becoming increasingly difficult to move, or there is simply no way to naturally carry out movements. The muscles can not fully decrease.
To treat the disease at the end of the third stage is very difficult. Osteoarthritis as a chronic disease manifests itself more and more with the beginning of each stage. The end of the third stage is fraught with complete immobility, the disease makes doctors do the patient endoprosthetics of the joint.
Treatment of arthrosis with medicines
To know how to treat arthrosis, you need to contact a specialist. After the examination, he will put an accurate diagnosis and determine the stage of the disease. Correct medical treatment restores joint activity, prevents further development of the disease. The disease, which progresses, gradually begins to recede.
First of all, the patient asks how to get rid of the pain. To do this, you need painkillers. It is them that the doctor first prescribes. After getting rid of the pain, an anti-inflammatory drug will follow with obligatory medicine. It aims to treat the joint from the inflammatory processes occurring inside it. Anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs are able to repair cartilage joint tissues. The disease can not completely recede unless desensitizing agents such as diphenhydramine and suprastin are used.
If the arthrosis is started and detected rather late, then immediate surgical intervention occurs. During surgery, the surgeon removes bony projections that can not be cured, or strengthens the bony and cartilaginous parts of the joint. After the operation is carried out, it is worth observing the rules of rehabilitation. It is very important. After operation, joints should not be loaded, it is better to keep them at rest. This indicates that a certain time must be observed bed rest. If the swelling does not pass for a long time, the appropriate ointments are used.
Causes, symptoms of arthrosis, its complications and methods of treatment
What is arthrosis?
Osteoarthritis is a disease of the joints, considered dystrophic and associated with slow destruction of the cartilage inside the joint. With arthrosis, over a long period of time, there are changes, restructuring of the joint ends of the bones, inflammation and degeneration of the periarticular tissues. In such a concept as "arthrosis" is also not yet a very large group of articular diseases of a degenerative-inflammatory nature that have different causes of origin and similar mechanisms of their development.
The likelihood of developing arthrosis increases many times with age. The disease affects both men and women equally, except for arthrosis of interphalangeal joints, as it is most often seen in women. Osteoarthritis overtakes people of working age - from 30 years and every year the number of cases is steadily and steadily increasing.
Causes of arthrosis
Arthrosis develops due to metabolic disorders in the joint, which in turn leads to the fact that the cartilage begins to lose elasticity. This can be facilitated by a complete or partial loss of proteoglycans from the cartilage, as a rule, because of rather deep cracks in the cartilage itself. The loss of proteoglycan can also occur for another reason: because of the failure of their production by the cells of the joint.
According to experts, metabolic disorders, hormonal disorders, decreased joint blood flow, hereditary factors, elderly age, injuries, as well as diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and even psoriasis can become the reasons for the destruction of articular cartilages. Still, the most common cause of arthrosis is an unregulated load on the joints, while the cartilage can not resist it.
In addition, the following causes can affect the occurrence and development of arthrosis:
Previous injuries. It can be dislocations, bruises, fractures, ligament ruptures and other injuries.
Excess body weight, resulting in additional strain on the joints.
Inflammatory process in the joints - acute purulent arthritis.
Poor quality of power.
Diseases of an autoimmune nature - lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis.
General intoxication of the body.
Specific inflammations - syphilis, tuberculosis, tick-borne encephalitis, gonorrhea.
Blood clotting disorder( hemophilia).
Perthes disease is a violation of the blood supply to the head of the femur.
There are also several genetically determined causes leading to the development of arthrosis:
If you consider arthrosis of the hand and fingers, the scientists found that the so-called nodules of Bushard and Geberden, as a disease, can be inherited.
Violation of the formation of joints and ligamentous apparatus during the intrauterine period, which led to dysplasia. Against this background, there is a rapid wear of the joint and develops arthrosis.
Collagen mutations of two kinds. When there are abnormalities in the structure of the fibrillar protein in the connective tissue, then there is a rapid destruction of the cartilage.
Also in the risk group, to get such a disease in the near future as arthrosis, there are people whose trades are: mason, miner, fisherman, blacksmith, metallurgist - and other areas of activity associated with increased physical labor.
Symptoms of arthrosis
Symptom of arthrosis is pain when loaded on the joint, which subside when the joint is at rest;decreased mobility of the joint, crunch, a feeling of muscle tension in the joint region. Periodically affected by arthrosis joint can swell, and eventually deforms.
Consider the following 4 large groups of arthrosis symptoms:
Pain. The presence of pain is the first sign of arthrosis of the joints. It can be assumed that if any of their injuries there are similar feelings, but with arthrosis, the pain has some features. Firstly, it is the onset of severe pain or significant discomfort during the movement. It will be localized in the place where the diseased joint is located. When a person stops moving and passes into a state of rest - the pain passes.
At night, unpleasant sensations people almost do not experience, except during torso coups, finding the optimal position - the patient quietly falls asleep. There are pains during rest only at the stage of disease progression, they have some similarity with dental lumbago, when a person can not fall asleep. They show themselves closer to the morning - by 5 o'clock.
So, at the beginning of the pain there is almost no, it can be felt only with exercise or palpation, over time, the suffering of a person increases, and the joint needs more and more periods of rest. Then the life and at all turns into torture - the hyaline cartilage becomes thinner, the bone is exposed, osteophytes begin to grow. Sharp pains torment almost unceasingly, even more intensifying in bad weather and full moon.
Crunch. No less indicative symptom of arthrosis is the presence of a crunch. It becomes audible due to the fact that the softness of the rotation of bones in the joint is reduced, they rub against each other, so that a characteristic sound arises. The crunch can be heard in other diseases, and even when the joints are healthy. But it is the arthrosis crunch that differs in its "dry" sound. The more the disease progresses, the brighter the sound becomes. In this case, if you hear a crunch, you will feel pain. This is what makes it possible to distinguish the sound produced by joints in arthrosis from the usual inoffensive snapping.
Reduced mobility in joints is another characteristic symptom of arthrosis. At the initial stage, this phenomenon does not disturb the patient, but with the progression of arthrosis, the germination of bone neoplasms leads to the fact that the muscles spasmodically, and the joint gap almost completely disappears. This is the reason for the immobility of the limbs in the place of injury.
Deformation of the joint. Its modification is due to the fact that osteophytes grow on the surface of bones and synovial fluid arrives. Although deformity is one of the most late symptoms, when arthrosis has affected the joint already to a large extent.
The course of the disease is characterized by stages of exacerbation and stages of remission. This significantly complicates the independent diagnosis of arthrosis, relying only on their own sensations. Therefore it is necessary to apply for specification of the diagnosis to the doctor.
When carrying out an X-ray study, he will be able to detect the following signs, allowing to determine the degree of disease progression:
Stage 1 is characterized by the fact that there are no osteophytes, the joint gap can be somewhat narrowed.
In 2 stages there is a suspicion of a slight narrowing of the gap, osteophytes have already formed.
In 3 stages, the narrowing of the cleft is clearly visible, there are multiple osteophytes, the joint begins to deform.
Stage 4 is characterized by an almost complete absence of an articulation gap, multiple osteophytes, and significant deformation.
Complications of arthrosis
If the arthrosis is not given due attention, in time and properly not treated, this can lead not only to the complete destruction of the affected joint, but also to changes in the biomechanics of the spine, why hernias in the intervertebral discs may appear and the development of arthrosis in others,still healthy joints. The complication of joint arthrosis is better not to tolerate.
The following pathologies are the main complications of arthrosis:
Deformation of the joint.
Impossibility to implement movements.
Disability of the patient.
Disturbance of the biomechanics of the spine and other joints.
Herniation of intervertebral discs.
Decreased patient's standard of living.
Treatment of joints is better at an early stage, the treatment itself must be pathogenetic and complex. The essence of the treatment is to remove the causes that contribute to the development of this disease, it is also necessary to eliminate the inflammatory changes and restore the functions that were lost earlier.
Complex treatment of arthrosis includes medicines that have anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties, and physiotherapy procedures that have an analgesic effect on the joints should also be performed. If the treatment is carried out in a sanatorium resort, it consists of climatic conditions that favorably affect the joints, as well as the use of mineral waters and mud.
Several basic principles are based on the treatment of arthrosis:
Damaged joints should be freed from excessive load. If possible, at the time of treatment, it should generally be minimized.
Following the established orthopedic regimen.
Classes of physiotherapy.
Passage of a course of physiotherapy, which includes magneto and electrotherapy, shock wave, and laser therapy.
Sanatorium treatment. This is necessary once a year, on the recommendation of a doctor to undergo a course of treatment at specialized resorts.
Saturation of the joint with oxygen, or so-called intra-articular oxygen therapy.
Intraosseous blockades, as well as decompression of metaepiphysis.
Rational approach to nutrition.
Let's consider more in detail medicamentous treatment:
Anti-inflammatory drugs. Approaching the therapy of arthrosis in a complex way, you can slow down the course of the disease and greatly improve the quality of life. In more detail it is worthwhile to dwell on some points of treatment. In particular, drug therapy includes, at the initial stage, the removal of the pain syndrome, as well as the elimination of the inflammatory processes that occur in the joints. To do this, all doctors use non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Experienced doctors do not recommend their oral use, since these drugs greatly irritate the walls of the stomach. Therefore, depending on the drug chosen, either intravenous or intramuscular injection is used. Sometimes as ancillary agents, NVSPs are used in the form of ointments, but their absorption is extremely low, so a significant effect can not be achieved.
Hormonal corticosteroids. When arthrosis is at the stage of exacerbation, it is advisable to take hormonal short steroids. They are injected into the joint, using such drugs as hydrocortisone or diprospan. Outwardly you can use a special plaster, ointment or tincture, which are made on the basis of hot pepper.
The chondroprotectors aimed at restoring the cartilage and improving the quality of the synovial fluid will not be superfluous. As the most common means of this group are used glucosamine, or chondroitin sulfate.
The course lasts a fairly long period of time, until the moment when there is an improvement. Nevertheless, if the expected effect does not appear during the six-month period, the drugs should be discontinued. Also intraarticularly, along with chondroprotectors, the use of drugs based on hyaluronic acid is advisable. They contribute to the formation of a shell of cells responsible for the formation of cartilage of the joint.
Diacerein. The treatment regimen can be supplemented by the reception of diacerein, which facilitates the degeneration of cartilage tissues. But the effect of instantaneous waiting does not follow, as a rule, improvements occur after two weeks or even a month, after the first intake.
If the case is particularly severe, the use of narcotic analgesics may be prescribed. But they are used very rarely, when the remaining funds did not bring the desired effect.
Proper nutrition with arthrosis
Separately, it is worth considering the nutrition during the exacerbation of the disease. There are also certain recommendations - you can not overeat, as this will contribute to the accumulation of extra pounds, but you can not go hungry, as the supply of cartilage with important elements will be disrupted. The primary task that faces a patient with excess weight is to reduce it. To do this, simply remove the fast carbohydrates from the diet, they are contained in all flour products and sweets. The prohibition is alcohol, and first of all beer.
There are absolutely no complaints about fish dishes - they can be consumed quite a lot, naturally, in reasonable quantities. But one should not lean on its too fatty varieties, so as they are high in calories, which means that extra pounds will not keep you waiting.
An important role in the treatment of arthrosis is taken away from the cold. Surprisingly, but this particular dish is recommended for inclusion in the diet of all physicians. Such food will be a real storehouse of microelements for joints. The most important component in the cold is collagen of natural origin. It is absorbed by the body fairly quickly and is the basis of any connective tissue. Thanks to the regular consumption of the holland, you can achieve good results - the joints will become more mobile, the lining of their tissues - elastic, and the cartilage and bones will gain strength.
Do not forget about the regular intake of vitamins with food. For patients with arthrosis, vitamins of group B are especially important. They are responsible for ensuring that the metabolism passes without unnecessary failures. And there, where the metabolism is debugged - there and the joints feel great. Thanks to thiamine from beans and peas, the synthesis of fats, carbohydrates and proteins will be accelerated.
Pyridoxine will help in the production of hemoglobin." Get it" can be eaten with bananas, nuts, cabbage and potatoes. It is worth to be fond of greens and legumes. They will become a source of folic acid. It will be useful to the liver, mushrooms, dairy products, as well as eggs. They are rich in riboflavin. You can, of course, consume and vitamin complexes, but from the products all the necessary elements are absorbed better, and hence the process of restoring the cartilage will go faster.
The basic principles of nutrition for arthrosis are as follows:
Do not consume heavy meals at night, so as not to cause an attack of arthrosis.
To eat fractional.
Constantly monitor the weight, in order to avoid weight gain, and therefore additional burden on the joints.
When there is no exacerbation of the disease - go for a walk after eating.
Menu must be balanced, compiled with the attending physician.
Following the prescribed treatment regimen, it can be achieved that the disease recedes, and the damaged tissues begin to recover.
Author of the article: Kaplan Alexander Sergeevich, Trauma Physician, orthopedist
How to treat arthrosis
The main symptoms of arthrosis are pain in the joints. The most common cause of arthrosis is trauma. Treatment with traditional medicine, perhaps only this can take a long time.
How to treat arthritis of the ankle
Ankle joint is often injured and feels very heavy. Inflammation in this joint can occur with diseases of tissues( autoimmune).The most common symptom is pain in the joint area. A damaged joint strongly comes in size, the skin acquires a swollen appearance. Possible fever, chills, headache, drowsiness, weakness.Related posts:
- How to treat arthrosis of the knee
Symptoms of arthritis:
- Increased pain in the joint area at night. Pain can be very strong and awaken a person in the middle of the night. But if the pain is temporary, then this may be a symptom of another disease.
- Note in the morning on the stiffness of your muscles, which disappears within a few hours.
- If you have inflammation and swelling of the ankles, this is a sign of arthritis. Unless of course it did not arise after a stroke or a fall.
- The tumor of the wrist joint is a 99% sign of arthritis of the ankle joint.
- You should alert the redness of the extremities.
- Watch out if you have attacks of sharp and aching pain. This sign indicates about 90% of the appearance of arthritis.
- Note if you have pain from any active body movements.
- It is necessary to pay attention to the temperature increase up to 37? C and above.
Arthritis medications for the ankle:
- First of all, you need to provide peace for your joints. If there is no possibility, it is in a quiet position, then put an elastic bandage on the damaged surface.
- After the analysis of the cause of arthritis, medication is prescribed. It includes anti-inflammatory drugs that contribute to the decline of edema and drugs that reduce pain. These funds include: etodolac, aspirin, piroxicam, naproxen, meloxicam, tenoxicam.
- Use orthopedic insoles. Shoes with a non-sticking surface are advisable.
How to treat arthrosis of the shoulder joint
The main symptoms of arthrosis of the shoulder joint is pain, which can build up under any stress, and can also restrict a person in movement. More often than not, people with such a disease should raise their hands or sidestep them.
- Treatment of arthrosis of the shoulder joint takes a long time. If the disease is in the initial stage, if the pain is not so strong, then chondroprotectors will help, plus easy gymnastics.
- To get rid of arthrosis syndromes, it is necessary to use analgesics and anesthetics.
- Treatment consists not only in taking medications, but also in physiotherapeutic procedures. A good effect is provided by massage and cryotherapy.
How to treat arthrosis of the hip
At the onset of the onset of the disease, it does not appear, or there is a slight pain in the thigh and groin area. Because of this, many people do not even pay attention to this symptom. Over time, the pain intensifies and there is the possibility of incorrectly diagnosing. Only after a thorough examination will the doctor be able to make the correct diagnosis.
At the 1 st and 2 nd stages, one can get rid of this disease without surgery, and if stage 3 is detected, then there is no way to do without surgery. In this case, the joint is replaced by an artificial joint. During treatment, medication is prescribed. Treatment of arthrosis of the hip joint is accompanied by physiotherapy procedures.
How to treat joint pain
- Folk method of treatment: in equal proportions take sour milk and egg shell, turned into powder. Mix these ingredients. Add this consistency to the bandage and tie it to the sore spot for an hour.
- Mix components: vaseline oil, pure alcohol, turpentine, camphor oil, ammonia, aloe juice, 100 grams of each substance. Pour the solution into a jar and leave it for five days, periodically shake it. Rub this solution into damaged areas, after it is applied do not go out.
- Take one vial of iodine, one bottle of cologne( triple), six shredded analgin tablets, a valerian vial. Mix the ingredients and leave for five days. This solution should be rubbed into damaged areas, as well as wrapping for the night.
- Anti-inflammatory drugs: nimulide, butadione, piroxicam, butadione, diclofenac, movalis. Only it is not advisable to take these funds for a long time. During the removal of pain, it seems that the disease is going away, and in fact such drugs only relieve pain, but do not remove the source of the disease.
- Chondroprotectors - these substances restore the structure of the cartilage. Such drugs are most useful.
Drugs for treatment:
Arthra is the best treatment, dona, structum, teraflex, chondroitin ACOS, chondrolon, elbon. Medicinal ointments and creams: espol, menovazim, gevkamen.
Arthrosis is a fairly common pathology of joints, which is associated with degenerative changes in cartilage, which is part of the articulation. The disease very often attacks the hip and knee joints, as well as articulations on the big toes. Less often the ailment covers the ankle and fingers. Even more rarely other joints are affected.
The initial stage of arthrosis for each species has its own characteristics. But there are generalized symptoms that can be attributed to the lion's share of arthrosis:
- Painful sensations. This is the main symptom of the disease. They are characteristic of most joint diseases. However, they have peculiarities that allow one to pinpoint exactly what causes arthrosis. For example, with knee joint damage, pain increases with motor activity and subsides with rest or comfortable limb position. This is the main difference from arthritis, the anxiety from which manifests itself at night. The initial stages are manifested by weak painful sensations, which occur under heavy loads. Therefore, at such stages, patients rarely seek help, and in the meantime, arthrosis 1 2 degrees develops. In this case, the pains have the property of increasing even from weak loads and after them. With further development of the ailment, unpleasant sensations cause anxiety even in a state of rest.
- Crunch. Is an important symptom. Its appearance is associated with increased friction between the surfaces of the joints. However, healthy joints can also crunch. The tone of the affected joints is significantly different, having a dry and coarse crunch. The initial stages of the disease are not so strongly expressed by characteristic sounds, but the arthrosis of stage 2 and above has a distinct and loud crunch.
- Reduces the mobility of the joint. In other words, a decrease in the amplitude of the action of the affected joint. The initial forms of the disease have a not very pronounced limitation of mobility. But progressive arthrosis reduces the effect of articulation to a minimum. This is associated with the growth of osteophytes, muscle spasms, narrowing of the joint space.
- Deformation of the joint. This phenomenon is associated with several reasons. First of all, the formation of growths( osteophytes).Deformities and pathologies of the joint bones are also possible. And finally - a congestion of excess fluid, which occurs due to inflammatory processes in the tissues of the articulation.
These are substances that nourish and stimulate the restoration of cartilaginous tissue. These drugs are excellent for the early stages of arthrosis. In addition to restorative functions, the agents improve the process of articular fluid production and normalization of its properties. To achieve a noticeable result in stages 1 and 2, several courses of this drug will be required, which will require 6 months to 1.5 years.
Stages of arthrosis
Medicine treats arthrosis in three stages. Patients who suffer from this disease, very much. Therefore, it is not difficult to establish a degree. The most important thing is not to get confused with the symptoms. Arthrosis, the initial stage is characterized by a metabolic disorder, the second - with injuries and infections, the third - irreversible changes in the joints.
The most frequent culprit of arthrosis is excessive overload of articulations, as well as reducing their recovery capabilities. This is provoked by injuries, metabolic disorders, infections and the like. The main prerequisite for the emergence of an ailment is the disruption of metabolism in the cartilage, which reduces its elasticity, regenerative functions, depletion and disruption of the surface. The subsequent pathological process causes disorders of the synovial membrane, ligaments, tendons and other elements located close to the joint.
Common reasons for the onset of the disease include excessive body weight, hypothermia, physical overload, beriberi, hereditary factor.
Is it possible to cure arthrosis of 1 degree? Unfortunately no. But stage 1 arthrosis keeps the mobility of human joints, however, only in a single direction. X-ray photography rarely helps to identify deviations, because at this stage they are almost not there. Identify the disease can be on the damaged surface in the area where the joints themselves and by their hardness. The onset of arthrosis may not cause swelling, a rise in temperature, a discoloration of the skin. But the patient at the same time feels a slight crunch and aching pain in the joint. Most people do not even pay attention to such manifestations, because they do not cause significant concern.
How to treat arthrosis of 1 degree? First of all, the patient is prescribed medications that have anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects. It can be ointments, pills, injections. The complex of measures also includes various methods of physiotherapy.
Treatment of arthrosis of the 1st stage is accompanied by a change in diet and daily regimen. The patient is strictly prohibited from drinking alcohol. Special physical training and balanced nutrition are recommended. Diet is the most important factor in treatment, as it leads to a decrease in body weight, which is beneficial for the mechanical stress experienced by the joints. However, a special diet for the first stage is difficult to isolate, so a balanced and varied diet is recommended that does not lead to an increase in body weight.
People who do not follow their health and do not treat arthrosis 1 degree, risk getting a more severe form of the disease. Install the second degree is not very difficult. This will be done by any orthopedist or surgeon, since the articular disorders are quite obvious after external examination. This stage of the disease does not attack the patient actively, but already seriously warns. Indirect signs: slight fatigue, a feeling of high pressure on the joint after heavy loads.
The danger of the second degree is the beginning of partial deformation of the joint. If treatment is not started in time, the disease will accelerate its progression. In the articulations appear painful sensations with a small amplitude of movements. They are accompanied by an obvious crunch, and the actions of the limbs are difficult from day to day.
Osteoarthritis Stage 2 is much more difficult to undergo treatment. In this case, people's funds, as a rule, are useless. However, modern medicine has stepped far ahead in the fight against the disease. Patients are assigned chondroprotectors and agents that normalize the blood flow. In addition, it is necessary to apply exercises of physiotherapy exercises and physiotherapeutic manipulations. Only with such a complex of measures, arthrosis 1 2 degrees treatment will be successful.
Ignored treatment of the initial stage of arthrosis leads to this stage of the disease, which is marked by severe soreness. The patient has sharp pains not only during movements, but also at the deceased state. In addition, the sensitivity of affected joints is directly affected by weather changes, in which pressure drops are not uncommon. This causes disturbances in blood flow in the joints, which causes discomfort. But how to relieve pain with arthrosis 3 degrees? Such a question is often asked by patients suffering from this ailment. Therefore, the treatment is based on the maximum reduction of the inflammatory reaction and a decrease in the pain syndrome. In addition, the complex treatment includes physiotherapy procedures in the intervals of remission: laser, magnetic, microwave therapy;UHF, phonophoresis, treatment with mud and mineral waters in the conditions of resorts and sanatoria.
But sometimes it happens that the symptoms of ailment are expressed so much that complex treatment proves to be ineffective. Therefore, the most radical method is used - surgical intervention. Often performed surgery to replace the affected joint endoprosthesis. Orthopedists only recently started using this method. Thanks to endoprosthetics, the patient restores most of the articulation functions, which helps him to lead a normal life and get rid of pain. This method involves removing parts of the joint with their replacement by metal or polymer analogs. Often complete replacement of the affected joint is performed. Patients who have undergone this procedure note its high reliability and effectiveness.
is it treated with arthrosis and what?
HOW TO TREAT ARTHROSE?
When the joint crunches during sharp movements, and an unpleasant sensation arises when bending, you are unlikely to run to the doctor - a trifle like! But in vain. This is how the heaviest disease begins - arthrosis.
If the disease is not treated, the pain will appear with the movement over the years. With arthrosis of the hip joint, pain comes from the upper part of the thigh and gives to the knee, which is especially felt when walking. A suffering knee arthrosis painfully descends the stairs;if the shoulder joint is touched, it is difficult to raise and lower the arm.
It would seem that now it's definitely time to visit the doctor, but we are not in a hurry - all the time is not enough. And only when any movement causes unbearable pain, and the joint loses mobility, we begin to cry: "Doctor, help!".But time is lost. At this stage of the disease, one can only remove the inflammation that has joined the arthrosis, reduce the pain, but it is already impossible to repair the damaged cartilage.
According to experts, the causes of destruction of articular cartilage can be:
• metabolic and hormonal background disorders,
• deterioration of blood supply of the joint,
• hereditary predisposition to cartilage tissue diseases,
• advanced age,
• such diseases, As rheumatoid arthritis and psoriasis.
However, the most common cause of arthrosis is the discrepancy between the load on the joints and the ability of the cartilage to resist it.
WHEN THE MECHANISM IS LAUNCHED
What happens with arthrosis? The main components of the cartilage are destroyed: collagen and proteoglycans.
It becomes turbid, rough, loses its elasticity and elasticity, then it splits and becomes ulcerated, the bone is exposed. Separate fragments, which form foreign bodies in the joint cavity. Now the cartilage can not absorb at all under load, so all the pressure falls on the bone below it;it is damaged, and on the spot defects of cartilaginous tissue grows painfully.
Osteoarthritis is the most common joint disease. She suffers from 6.4 to 12% of the population, and the sad thing is that today this pathology several times more often causes disability and leads to disability than several decades ago.
Women suffer from arthrosis 2 times more often than men, but after 65 years this difference is almost not noticeable: signs of the disease are found in 68% of women and 58% of men.
Everyone can get sick. The risk group includes not only elderly people, whose cartilage components are destroyed faster than synthesized, but also professional sportsmen( especially boxers, wrestlers, runners, football players), dancers, stunt men, extreme sports fans and ordinary citizens, work or imagewhose lives are associated with increased strain on the joints. Curvature of the spine, shifting the center of gravity when walking, high heels of women of fashion, excess weight and even the habit of sitting on the leg - all this can eventually lead to problems with the joints.
Like any other disease, arthrosis is easier to prevent than cure. Just need to take care of your joints. First, carefully approach physical exertion, try to avoid injuries, sudden movements.
Secondly, if possible, engage in preventive gymnastics for joints. In addition, forget that "a good man should be a lot": weight twice as much as normal should be adjusted by diet.
THAT THE EYE ROLLED
Cure arthrosis is not easy. In neglected cases, even a high-class specialist can not fully restore the joint - in his power, as already mentioned, to slow down the development of the disease, relieve pain and mute the inflammatory process.
If the arthrosis is found on time, there is a chance to completely get rid of it. For the treatment of arthrosis, you can undergo a hirudotherapy( treatment with leeches), you need about 6-10 sessions. Leeches will remove the inflammatory process and severe pain.
Answer [link is blocked by the decision of the project administration]!
This is not a disease, it's uncultured!?!? And it is treated primarily by the culture of clothes, shoes,
labor. ... And without this all medications and whispering are useless. ...
unfortunately radical treatment of arthrosis at this stage is surgical.all the rest, only a slowdown of processes.good results are given by intraarticular injections of antibiotics with hydrocortisone.
, in addition to classic operations with large, now widespread arthroscopic operations( through punctures)
in any case, consultation with an orthopedic trauma specialist is necessary. Do general practitioners( family) are not treated.they are now chasing the indicators and are ready to treat literally everything without having the special knowledge of
ps.s.to remove a strong pain before treatment by a doctor can be intramuscular injections of ketorol( tried on my grandmother - a momentary effect).but they can not be treated for a long time( ((
Drink. .. coral water. .. this is the source of assimilable calcium! !!
On the day of 1.5 liters! !!
but not in any case not pharmacy. .. it or goes in transit...
or settles on the joints. .. aggravating the problem! !!
And give up coffee. .. 1 cup of coffee takes out of the body. ..
daily calcium rate! !
Write. .. Good luck!
A lot of drugs in Ayurveda products and the Coral Club, all natural origin, all experienced on myself, very satisfied and advise you. In any casee pharmacy, synthetics, which you treat one, and rob another. And it will also help to make a parasitic cleansing of the body, to clean the intestines. In the case of toxins, toxins cause inflammation in the joints, too
Good article in LO. Perhaps the best thing is that Iread the topic.