How to cure arthrosis of the ankle: advice to the patient
Arthrosis of the ankle is a chronic progressive disease that is not easily treatable. But now there are effective medicines that can reduce pain in this disease, reduce the level of inflammation and slow the progression of the disease.
If you know what medicinal and non-medicinal methods you can treat arthrosis of the ankle, then you can discuss with the doctor these methods of treatment, feeling sufficiently savvy in this area.
Rapid navigation of the article:
Rapid action drugs
Local and anti-inflammatory treatment
Drugs of slow action( chondroprotectors)
Surgical treatment methods
All medications used in this disease are divided into two large groups: fast-acting medications and preparations of delayedactions.
Representatives of these groups have different effects on the disease and benefit the body. So, fast-acting drugs treat only the symptoms of the disease - reduce pain in the ankle joint. Slow-acting drugs restrain the progression of ankle arthrosis, i.e.partially stop the further course of the disease.
Rapid action drugs
Most drugs that reduce pain with deforming osteoarthritis of the ankle joint belong to the group of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs( NSAIDs).These include drugs such as diclofenac, ibuprofen, aceclofenac, naproxen, acetaminophen, nimesudide and other drugs.
These medicines quite well help to remove pain in the joints, but their use has its drawbacks, and very significant. The fact is that NSAIDs have a very negative effect on the gastric mucosa. With long-term administration of such drugs, gastritis may occur, and in some cases even ulcer, which in the future may not respond well to treatment.
It is for these reasons that non-steroidal pain relievers should be taken only in short courses and appointed by the attending physician: self-medication can result in bad consequences. This is particularly true for elderly patients, as well as for people who have or have had problems with the stomach in the past.
Local and anti-inflammatory treatment of
Local treatment in the ankle area is aimed at reducing the level of inflammation in the affected joint, and therefore indirectly reducing the progression of the disease while keeping the inflammation under control. Such treatment is especially important in cases when the use of NSAIDs in severe cases of the disease is no longer effective or the analgesic effect is not sufficient. Local treatment is useful for a variety of types of the disease - including post-traumatic arthrosis of the ankle joint.
ointments for pain - a necessary element of treatment
Local treatment includes the use of various ointments and gels containing in their composition both non-steroidal and steroid anesthetic components. These drugs include Diclofenac-ointment, Bystrum-gel, Dip-Relief, Butadion, gel "Horsepower" and others. They give a good curative effect, especially when combined with other drugs.
Another, the most important type of local treatment of ankle joint osteoarthritis is intraarticular joint blockade. This method of treatment is used in neglected cases of the disease, especially when other painkillers do not help enough.
The essence of this procedure is that the area of the joint itself is injected with anti-inflammatory drugs( corticosteroids) - such as Kenalog and hydrocortisone( in addition, injections can be supplemented with anesthetic drugs).
Corticosteroids are powerful enough drugs, and if administered as tablets or intramuscularly, they will give very strong side effects. If these drugs are injected into the joint area, these drugs exert their anti-inflammatory effect only on the joint, without causing harm to the body.
Drugs of slow action( chondroprotective agents)
This group of drugs includes drugs that affect the very basics of the disease: they help the cartilage of the joint to recover and improve the synthesis of cartilaginous tissue, a deficiency that causes pain and movement in the ankle. These drugs are called chondroprotectors because they protect the joint and restore it from the consequences caused by the disease.
The main representatives of chondroprotectors are chondroitin sulfate, glucosamine and hyaluronic acid. These are the main active substances in such drugs, and they are in different combinations and doses present in such drugs as Arthra, Teraflex, Artrodarin( Diacerein), Structum, Aflutop and others.
The listed active substances of these medicines enter the joint of the cartilaginous tissue and are essentially the main "building material" for cartilage. When they are introduced into the body of the necessary materials for the construction of new cartilaginous tissue becomes larger, and the synthesis of cartilage is accelerated, due to which the development of the disease, on the contrary, slows down and the cartilage of the ankle joint is destroyed more slowly.
The peculiarity of chondroprotectors is that the effect of treatment does not appear immediately, but after a rather long time - from 3 months to 6 months. This is worth remembering, so be patient. For the same reason, the duration of treatment with chondroprotectors is usually long and up to 12 months and more, up to several years.
In addition, chondroprotective drugs are prescribed only at the first-second degree of arthrosis of the ankle - when the cartilage in the affected joints is still present. At the third stage of arthrosis, chondroprotectors are useless, becauseThere was practically no cartilage left in the joint and there was already nothing to restore.
Do not forget that such drugs should be taken only on the prescription of the attending physician. Do not take these medications yourself: it can not only do you no good, but it will completely waste your wallet, since the cost of chondroprotectors is high enough: one package of Arthra will cost you between 1200 and 1700 rubles.
If chondroprotectors are prescribed by a physician according to indications, then for a long-term treatment these medications can effectively fight the disease and significantly improve the function of the joint, and in some cases even avoid surgical treatment.
How can I treat arthrosis of the ankle joint? Physiotherapy can be a good help in drug treatment of this disease. Correctly selected physiotherapeutic procedures allow not only to improve the condition of the affected joint, but also to reduce the amount of pain medication. In osteoarthritis, such physiotherapy procedures as laser therapy, magnetotherapy, radon baths, and SUF irradiation have proved to be well established. More details about these methods can be found in the article Physiotherapy for arthrosis.
Surgical methods of treatment
To date, there are three main surgical methods of treatment: arthroscopy, arthrodesis and arthroplasty of the ankle.
Therapeutic sanation arthroscopy
This procedure is carried out most often in 2 stages of the disease development with severe pain, which is poorly treated with medications. With the help of an arthroscope, the doctor removes fragments of the destroyed cartilage, bony outgrowths and other elements that cause pain from the joint cavity. After carrying out such procedure pains are considerably reduced, and the effect from it can last till several years.
The creation of arthrodesis is an operation in which the ankle joint is removed and the bones coalesce, that is, the mobility in the ankle region stops. And once the joint is no more, then there are no pains in it either.
With the defeat of arthrosis of other large joints, such an operation has long been not carried out. But due to the fact that the ankle joint consists of a large number of bones, then when removing this joint, its work is taken on by other joints, and a certain mobility of the foot due to this is preserved.
This is the most modern and progressive operation, carried out in the final stages of the development of the disease. During this operation, the articular surfaces of the bones are replaced by metal, ceramic or plastic dentures. Due to the high strength and reliability of such prostheses, the term of their work can be up to 20-25 years. After such an operation, movement in the joint is restored in full.
In order to avoid surgical treatment, contact your doctor as soon as possible. Than in earlier terms you seek help and begin to receive the necessary treatment, the easier it will be to develop the disease and the less unpleasant it will bring to you.
The truth about the treatment of arthrosis of the ankle, the causes and symptoms of the disease
If you often turn your legs, do not think that this will pass without a trace. After a while, these injuries, which seem random and frivolous, lead to serious problems. What happens to our ankles? Is there an effective treatment or can all end up in disability?
This joint connects the lower leg and the talus of the foot. The articular parts of the bones are covered with cartilage. The ankle allows us to bend the foot up and down, for lateral movements it is not intended, so when the legs are tucked and damaged. The joint is strengthened by muscles and ligaments, which also suffer from trauma. The ankle joint is a very heavy load - the weight of our whole body. And despite the fact that all these factors often provoke arthrosis of the ankle - treatment is very successful when the patient starts it on time and faithfully fulfills all the doctor's prescriptions.
With ordinary walking, the ankle has a very high load
Causes of the
As we have already seen, frequent joint trauma leads to the development of arthrosis. When the nerve roots are jammed in the lumbar spine, the muscles of the shins and feet are disturbed. Infringement is facilitated by osteochondrosis and herniated intervertebral discs, sprains and loosening of ligaments, intra-articular fractures, dysplasia. Also, common metabolic diseases( diabetes mellitus, gout, thyroid disease) and inflammatory joint diseases( especially rheumatoid arthritis) can lead to the development of arthrosis. There is an opinion that heredity affects its role.
Risk factor for women - constant walking on high heels. Also, the risk of developing arthrosis is affected by people who carry heavy loads on the ankle, which can be associated with a profession or playing sports - these are ballerinas, football players, runners. Suffer these joints and from excessive weight - for them this is an excessive load.
Under the influence of the above reasons, cartilage begins to age, thin out, lose plasticity. Gradually, they appear cracks in which calcium salts are deposited - they even more destroy cartilage. Bone tissue proliferates, osteophytes are formed, which leads to joint deformation - in this case they already speak of deforming arthrosis.
If the disease is detected in the initial stages of development, deformities can be avoided, and the progression of the disease can be greatly slowed down or stopped altogether.
Photos: women who often walk on their heels are at risk
How does arthrosis of the ankle show up?
The main symptoms of the disease:
- "starting" pain, appearing at the beginning of movement after rest;
- pains worse with loads;
- pains arising in the morning;
- crunching in the joints, creaking, clicks;
- post-traumatic arthrosis causes pain in walking and fatigue;
- frequent subluxations due to weakening of muscles and tendons;
- if arthrosis develops against the background of inflammatory processes - the joints can be swollen and hot to the touch;
- restriction of movement in joints, stiffness;
- atrophy of nearby muscles;
- curvature of the shin axis: it can take O-shaped or X-shaped.
The results of the examination will be diagnosed and appropriate treatment is prescribed.
If you do not go to the doctor in time - the heavier processes begin in the joints of the foot. The pain will intensify, and the beginning of the movement will stop relieving them. Discomfort becomes permanent, joints express the stiffness and limitation of mobility.
At the next stage of the development of the disease, the joint is deformed. And in the most neglected cases the joint is completely destroyed, which leads to disability.
Treatment of ankle arthrosis depends on the stage of the disease. Early treatment of specialists suggests traditional conservative treatment - medication, physiotherapy, exercise therapy - at which the desired results are almost always achieved.
Initially, with the help of manual procedures, the joint is returned to its natural position and fixed. Painful joints should be extremely relieved, reducing the length of walking. It is important to get rid of excess weight( if it is).
One of the primary tasks at the initial stage of therapy is the removal of pain and inflammation. For this, analgesics( anesthetics) and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are used. Also used are products that improve the nutrition of tissues and strengthen bone tissue.
Very effective use of glucosaminoglycans - substances that are an integral part of our cartilage, which is lost with the development of arthrosis. Glucosaminoglycans are obtained from the cartilaginous tissue of animals. Sometimes cysticosteroid hormones are injected into the joint. To improve blood circulation, biostimulants are used.
Physiotherapeutic procedures have analgesic effect, dilate blood vessels, improve metabolism in the body and raise immunity. In the therapy of arthrosis used: magnetotherapy, massage, acupuncture, UHF, exercise therapy.
Excellent results are provided by balneotherapy: in the absence of contraindications, hydrogen sulphide and radon baths, therapeutic muds are used. After a sanatorium treatment in many patients, there is a long-term remission, in which even the need for medicines may even disappear.
For joints, it is very useful to be in the water: swimming, aqua aerobics, medical baths
Only the attending physician, considering all the features of the patient, can correctly decide how to treat arthrosis. If the disease is at the third stage and the joint is already destroyed, they resort to surgery:
- An arthrodesis is an operation in which the cartilage remains removed and an artificial "closure" of the joint, i.e., immobilization, is performed.
- With arthroplasty it is possible to save the joint.
- It is possible to perform an endoprosthesis replacement - a complete replacement of the joint with a prosthesis.
Do not lead the situation with your health to extremes, take care of your joints and be healthy!
How to treat arthrosis of the ankle joint?| |Traditional medicine
Arthrosis of the ankle is a chronic joint disease that destroys the cartilaginous tissue. The ankle joint unites the lower leg with the talus bone.
To date, arthrosis of the ankle is one of the most discussed topics for many people.
The main causes of
- A lot of physical stress on the legs;
- Subcooling of feet;
- Various kinds of trauma.
All of the above reasons can cause the development of foot arthrosis, which the specialist should treat.
Once you have found the following symptoms, do not delay and seek help from a specialist, since only he knows how to treat arthrosis of the ankle joint. Ignoring the disease can lead to irreversible processes.
- The patient feels pain in any movement of the foot;
- With prolonged walking or standing, the pain becomes stronger;
- Inflammation of the joint and surrounding tissues;
- Patient is limping when walking;
- After a night rest there are some difficulties when walking.
Diagnosis of pathology
In order to determine arthrosis of the ankle, the doctor will need, first of all, an external examination of the foot. For a more detailed study of the foot, X-rays and rheovasography are used to determine the state of the vessels of the foot. Also, the patient will need to take tests to confirm that there is no arthritis:
- Blood from the finger;
- Blood from the vein.
How to treat arthrosis of the ankle joint?
After the doctor diagnoses arthrosis of the ankle, the treatment will be prescribed individually for everyone, and this will hang from the stage of development of the disease. The earlier a person turns for help, the more conservative will be his treatment.
The following measures are taken:
Than to treat arthrosis of the ankle
Arthrosis of the ankle is a serious disease that is complicated by degenerative processes. Pathology should be started when the first signs appear, otherwise irreversible disturbances in the structure of the connection may occur. Arthrosis is found most often in elderly patients, as well as in young people whose ankle joints are subjected to constant significant loads. The athletes, workers, whose activities are connected with hard physical labor, as well as those who are predisposed to this kind of disease, enter the risk zone.
Since this pathology is considered quite common, many people are concerned about the question: how to treat arthrosis of the ankle joint? There are many answers, but it is important not just to take measures to eliminate the disturbing signs of the disease. To cure arthrosis, it is first of all necessary to influence the factors that provoke its development.
Treatment of arthrosis
If a person begins to worry about pain in the foot, fast fatigue of legs and swelling, the first step towards recovery will be a visit to a specialist who will evaluate the condition of the joint and prescribe the best therapy.
The first stage of
The specificity of treatment largely depends on the stage of development of the disease. If the patient turned to the doctor in a timely manner, then you can get rid of the painful symptoms in a short time. At this stage, minimal morphological changes in the structure of the compound are observed, therefore such phenomena as pain and swelling occur only after severe physical fatigue.
In most cases, the patient simply needs rest and no load on his legs. When the cause of arthrosis is excess weight, proper nutrition and a special diet will help to reduce weight and, accordingly, to restore the joint. It is also important to wear only comfortable shoes that do not pinch the foot and do not create discomfort. Such actions will help reduce the burden on the lower limb and improve regenerative and metabolic processes in the cartilage fibers.
Therapy of the early stage of arthrosis does not allow the pathology to progress, and in the case of a foot injury it is possible to avoid posttraumatic arthrosis.
The second stage of
With the development of the disease in the joints, inflammatory processes begin to occur, which become chronic. Articular cartilage is thinned, open unprotected patches are formed on the bones. The mobility of the foot worsens, the pain becomes more intense and permanent. In the evening there is noticeable puffiness. At this stage, the risk of injury - dislocations and sprains - increases.
Treatment of the second stage of arthrosis includes a set of measures that are aimed at:
- withdrawal of pain syndrome;
- activation of processes in the joint tissues( blood supply and nutrition);
- return the mobility of the joint.
Several interconnected techniques are used to improve the state of the bond structures.
To remove inflammation and to stop pain syndrome it is often possible only with the help of special drugs - NSAIDs( not steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) taken inside. This group includes: Voltaren, Declofenac, Movalis, Ibuprofen, Indomethacin.
Ointments and gels - Finalgon, Declofenac, Fastum-gel , possessing the same properties as NSAIDs are also effective.
In cases where these drugs do not have the proper effect and the pain does not subside, it is advisable to use glucocorticoids injected into the joint. Drug treatment significantly alleviates the condition, but does not solve the very problem of arthrosis.
To improve metabolic processes in affected tissues, the patient is assigned vasodilators - Agapurin, Nicotinic acid, Pentoxifylline .
Stimulation of the growth of cartilaginous tissue
This method of treatment of pathology contributes to the restoration of cartilaginous fibers. It is based on the use of chondroprotectors - preparations containing natural components - glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate( building material of cartilage).
Despite the fact that the treatment takes a long time( the course lasts several months with short interruptions), the introduction of chondrojectors gives excellent results and returns the joint its functionality.
Physiotherapy is actively used for the treatment of arthrosis of the ankle of various etiology and localization. Inflammation is affected by the following procedures:
Arthrosis of the ankle - symptoms and methods of treatment
Causes of arthrosis of the ankle
The most common cause of arthrosis of the ankle, this is a big burden on joints, under the category of risk suitable people doing heavy physical work, athletes( football players, runners, etc.).Also, people suffering from excess weight, also fall into the category of risk, since people with excess weight load on joints more. In addition, the cause of arthrosis of the ankle, there may be different diseases, diabetes, arthritis, or joints, ligaments, fractures. Since in times of illness or injury, joints are less resistant to arthrosis. Sometimes the atrophy of the muscles closest to the joint is manifested.
We list several known causes:
- arthritis or other inflammatory joint diseases
- "inherited", it is proved that arthrosis can be transmitted by inheritance
- trauma, sprains, sprains in the joints
- metabolic disorders
Arthrosis of the ankle: symptoms
Manifestations of arthrosis of the ankleoccurs imperceptibly, first a crunch appears in the joint, and later minor pain during exercise. Over time, the pain gradually increases, and it does not go so fast, but it also happens during exercise. In more severe cases, a swelling appears on the joint site, and the patient may experience fever. Most of the pain is felt during such physical exertions as climbing stairs or uphill.
Diagnosis of ankle arthrosis includes:
- Inspection from a specialist( traumatologist, rheumatologist)
- X-ray of the joint
- Blood test to make sure there are no other diseases.
Having passed all stages of arthrosis diagnosis, the doctor can determine the stage of the disease and its severity, and during the consultation determine the causes of the onset. After that, you will be prescribed the right treatment, and you will be able to proceed to it. Do not rely on folk methods of treatment, since in the case of a disease deforming arthrosis of the ankle, they can not relieve you of all the symptoms of the disease. A treatment of neglected forms of arthrosis, is very difficult.
How to treat arthrosis of the ankle
Treatment of arthrosis of the ankle joint should be comprehensive, and under the supervision of a physician. Only a doctor can determine the stage of the disease and prescribe the correct treatment. Treatment of deforming arthrosis of the ankle is mainly in the obstruction of the process of cartilage destruction, contributing to the restoration of articular cartilage, the removal of inflammation in the joint region, and also the reduction of pain. The drugs that eliminate pain syndromes, restore the mobility of the joint and the means that improve blood circulation are used. For treatment, physiotherapy can be used for arthrosis( magnetotherapy, laser therapy, diadynamic therapy), physiotherapy exercises, massages. In the case of arthrosis of the foot - treatment is about the same.
Exercises for arthrosis are very useful, but only those that do not carry a big load on the aching joints. For example, swimming or gymnastics in the water is very useful during arthrosis, but it is better to avoid serious stresses. Proper nutrition is also a must for arthrosis. Since the joints receive a large number of nutrients, which helps them to cope more easily with the disease.
In general, diets and exercises are prescribed for the prevention of arthrosis, for treatment other than them, doctors prescribe the necessary drugs listed above. All the above listed methods of treatment, you can get by conducting treatment in special medical sanatoria, which include all effective methods of treating arthrosis of the ankle.
In the most difficult cases, when ankle arthrosis is difficult to suspend, endoprosthetics of the ankle joint are used.
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How to treat arthrosis of the ankle joint?
- LFK with ankle arthrosis
Ankle joint is one of the most functionally active and most loaded in the musculoskeletal system of a person. Discomfort, pain and limited mobility in this area almost immediately affect his gait, ability to move and work, suggesting a load on the lower limbs. Osteoarthritis of the ankles is the most common problem that orthopedic doctors face. What does the treatment of ankle arthrosis include? What are its features? A little bit about that.
Basic principles of the treatment of ankle arthrosis
Therapy of arthrosis of the ankle is a painstaking process, the treatment requires special interest of the patient, his desire to follow scrupulously all the recommendations of the doctor. The basic principles of the treatment of arthrosis of the ankle, in fact, differ little from the therapy of arthrosis and include the following provisions.
- Compliance with the load on the joint, using crutches, wearing comfortable orthopedic shoes, special orthopedic insoles for correcting flat feet and other foot defects.
- Therapeutic exercises for arthrosis of the ankle is aimed at activating the circulation of blood, increasing the volume of movements, strengthening the ligaments that fix the joint.
- Drug therapy, which includes "injections" in the joints.
- Surgical correction of disorders in the joint with the goal of preventing the development of arthrosis, and as a solution to the problem, arthrosis in the final stage of the disease.
- Sanatorium treatment for the prevention of exacerbations and the consolidation of the effect as a result of intensive therapy and therapeutic gymnastics.
Medication for arthrosis of the ankle
Medication for arthrosis of the ankle is a treatment that involves both elimination of acute symptoms of the disease and restoration of the destroyed cartilage in order to prevent further destruction of the bone articulation.
With inflammation of the joint, the development of synovitis, the appearance of swelling in the ankle and permanent pains, non-steroid medication or glucocorticoid medications usually have an analgesic and anti-inflammatory effect. Such therapy promotes rapid relief of the exacerbation and opens up opportunities for using other methods. Physiotherapy and physiotherapy for arthrosis in general, and osteoarthritis of the ankle joint, in particular, is scheduled for 4-5 days, which contributes to the preservation of the volume of movements in the articulation.
In the "cold" period of the disease, treatment is aimed at preventing the destruction and restoration of cartilage tissue with the help of drugs - chondroprotectors. Medicines based on hyaluronic acid, qualitatively improving the joint fluid, nourishing the cartilage, moisturizing it, restoring its elasticity and elasticity, stop arthrosis of the ankle joint are injected into the joint. Treatment with hyaluronates is possible only in the absence of synovitis, in order to avoid their inactivation by inflammatory enzymes.
LFK for arthrosis of the ankle
Treatment and prevention of ankle arthrosis is impossible without exercise. They are simple and accessible to everyone, you do not need to go to the LFK's office for classes, they can be done at home.
Exercise 1 is performed lying on the back with elongated legs. Without straining, it is easy, with a minimum amplitude of movements, alternately turning feet on itself and from itself.
Exercise 2 is called "stop rotation" and is executed alternately in one direction and in the other direction.
Exercise 3 - "walking, sitting on a chair", as it is done sitting on a chair, and the movements of feet are like walking.
It is recommended to increase the time of classes once a day, bringing their total duration to 3 hours per day.
Arthroscopic gymnastics for arthrosis of the ankle is aimed at preventing atrophy of ligaments and muscles of the limb, increasing mobility and stimulating circulation in the articulation. Simple exercises are able to perform even patients with grade 3 arthrosis, with a pronounced restriction of joint mobility, it is possible to use passive movements, manual therapy.
Osteoarthritis of the ankle. Treatment, Causes, Symptoms
Very often it happens that we turn the leg. It would seem that it will hurt and pass away. So it may be and will be, but that's only the consequences of this very dislocation will remind of themselves after some time. Speech in this case will go about the ankle joint. What is this joint? It is needed to connect the lower leg and the talus bone. The problem is that this joint is not designed to perform any actions in the parties, but only strictly up or down. The turn of the foot and provokes arthrosis of the ankle joint. In general, I want to note that with any movements that we make, there is a fairly large load on this joint. Take even our body weight. Despite the fact that this problem is very serious, arthrosis of the ankle joint treatment which will be under the care of a doctor, will be successfully cured.
What is the prerequisite for the disease
As already mentioned above, arthrosis of the ankle is usually formed due to any injury. Which can still be called the reasons for which this terrible disease develops. The list of reasons is quite impressive. So, about everything in order. In the first place, with the turn of the foot, the roots that are located in the spine, namely its lumbar region, are jammed. This provokes a malfunction in the muscles of the leg and foot. Also in the list of provocateurs of this disease can be included:
- hernia of intervertebral joints.
Women should pay special attention to the ankle! After all, heels provoke arthrosis of the ankle
Arthrosis of the ankle, the reasons for which can be very different, causes a large amount of pain and suffering. For the above reasons, you can also add joint diseases that are inflammatory, in addition, diabetes, thyroid disorders. In some cases, it is also the fact that the development of arthrosis of the ankle is directly affected by genes. But as for the fair sex, they threatens the development of this disease because of the great love for high heels. Also in the risk zone are people following professions: football players, ballerinas and in general athletes. Osteoarthritis in them develops due to a heavy load on the joint. In order to understand what the consequences are fraught with arthrosis of the ankle, photos that will be horrified, you can find and see on the Internet.
Recognize arthrosis of the ankle
Symptoms of arthrosis of the ankle are as follows: the very first one can note the pain that occurs after any movement, any load that goes to the joint, gives a very strong pain. Usually, pain is worse in the morning. If you want to just turn your foot, you hear a crunch.
If you were diagnosed with an ankle arthrosis, you can not delay in any case!
And here the posttraumatic arthrosis of the ankle is characterized by strong painful sensations that are caught when walking and cause the legs to get tired very quickly. I would like to add that if damage to the joint is accompanied by various inflammatory processes, then joint swelling will be felt, and in addition there will be an increase in their temperature. This description is the best way to speak about arthrosis of the ankle joint of the 2nd degree.
Signs of arthrosis of the ankle are also manifested in the stiffness of movements in the joint region. In some cases, muscle atrophy can be observed.
The above symptoms will help in determining the form of the disease, as well as in prescribing the necessary measures for its prevention. The only thing that should be taken seriously into account is that the arthrosis of the ankle joint whose treatment will not be started on time can have quite serious consequences.
We fight with arthrosis
After the diagnosis is made, the next question that arises is how to treat arthrosis of the ankle joint? The answer to this question determines at what stage the disease is. In total, several degrees of disease are allocated, for example arthrosis of the ankle joint of the 1st degree is the initial stage. Having discovered arthrosis at the initial stages, there is an opportunity to do with the simplest form of treatment, without any serious consequences.
For effective treatment you need to reduce the load on the joint!
In most cases, the treatment is carried out with the appointment of both drugs and physiotherapy, and special exercises can also be included in the complex. Arthrosis of the ankle joint is begun to heal, relieving pain from the joint. After that, with the help of massage try to remove the tumor as much as possible and return the joint to its normal shape. As for exercise, namely exercises, they should not cause additional harm to the joints. The best kind of therapeutic gymnastics for arthrosis is swimming, or any other activities that are carried out on the water.
During all these procedures, it is recommended to minimize all load on the joint as much as possible. Diet for arthrosis of the ankle is recommended only if the body is overweight. This can be called one of the important measures in the treatment of this disease, since the weight, with the extra gives a significant load on the joint. An important part of the treatment of this ailment is the use of those drugs, whose action is aimed at increasing the nutritional content of joint tissues. In order to strengthen the cartilage, it is desirable to include in the list of drugs used glycosaminoglycans. And in order to achieve good circulation for help, they turn to biostimulants.
Balneotherapy today is a fairly common method of treatment. It is prescribed only if the patient has no contraindications to the use of baths, hydrogen sulphide and radon. The effectiveness of such measures is very high. Choosing this method of treatment, you can later abandon the use of medications. So the treatment of ankle arthrosis in a sanatorium can be called the most effective and at the same time the most pleasant measure of prevention.
If you have post-traumatic arthrosis of the ankle, the treatment will be to ensure that the process that destroys cartilage tissue is minimized.
Radically changes the situation, if it is a question of such a diagnosis as arthrosis of the ankle joint of the third degree. Disease at this stage implies the destruction of the ankle. What is done in this case, and what treatment can be called the most effective, will already depend on the attending physician, since each case of the disease is of a purely individual nature. In most of its own, with the triggered form of the effect as such, conventional standard treatments do not. To normalize the work of the joint, it is mandatory to call the intervention of the surgeon. Very often, when the patient has a grade 3 arthrosis of the ankle joint, surgery is the only way to solve the problem. Such a surgical intervention is called "artodes".This type of operation implies the complete removal of the joint that was destroyed in the course of the disease, and by means of artificial closure of the joint it becomes immobile.
Another method of surgical intervention that is used in the treatment of arthrosis of the ankle is arthroplasty. When it is carried out, it is possible that the joint will be retained. In some cases, when the situation can be called critical, resort to endoprosthetics. As you can guess from the title, this measure involves replacing the natural broken joint with a prosthesis.
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