The knees hurt - what should I do?
Every day our legs withstand enormous loads. Since our distant ancestors - humanoid primates - have risen to the hind limbs, it is on the feet that the entire mass of the body lies. And since the knees are involved in the bending of the leg, it is often they who first let know that something undesirable happens with the legs. Of course, the best fight against knee diseases is the prevention of disease( moderate exercise, caring for the right weight, healthy lifestyle).But, let's say, we already have a situation when the knees are very sore: what to do in this case?
Let's start by examining why the knees can hurt. The human knee is the largest joint of the body. The bones of the knee are divided by two menisci( disks), their tendons, ligaments and muscles interlace. That all this extremely mobile structure unhindered to bend and unbend, inside the knee joint there is an articular cartilage, fulfilling the role of "machine lubrication".It also serves as a shock absorber for bruises and falls on the knee. So, if violations occur in at least one part of this complex joint, a person's knees ache. What can I do and can I help my feet?
Of course, you can, and even at home. Although self-medication without consulting a doctor will bring harm rather than good. After all, only an expert can reveal the reason why the knee hurts, what to do and how to treat it. If you are a fan of traditional medicine, you can help the basic treatment, but only the doctor will determine what your knee needs - physiotherapy, medication or he needs surgical intervention. After all, the causes of pain and treatment depends.
Now consider the main causes of pain in the knee joint. The most common cause is knee injury. But what exactly is damaged in the knee joint - a fracture or a crack in the patella or tibia, a rupture of one of the menisci, a dislocation or a sprain of the ligaments or tendons - the surgeon must say after the X-ray. So, consider the situation when there was edema or hematoma at the injury site, you feel numbness, tingling, legs become pale or become blue;or, on the contrary, the place of injury becomes hotter than other parts of the body, and the knees ache greatly, what to do before going to the doctor? Apply a cold compress( ice pack) to the site of the injury and take an anesthetic. Try not to step on your aching leg. Do not rush to put a tight bandage or elastic bandage - for some injuries it is contraindicated. And in no case can not apply heating or alcohol compresses.
Often, knee joints suffer in athletes due to hard training( weightlifting, bicyclists, weightlifters).But even in ordinary people, sometimes because of the loads, there are such troubles: it is necessary to abuse too great a burden, during pregnancy, or because of excess body weight - first of all, the knees suffer and hurt. What to do in this situation? It is appropriate to impose an elastic bandage to fix the loosened joint. In pharmacies are now sold a variety of bandage knee pads, what exactly is needed for your leg - the doctor will tell. If you are a young girl and only recently discovered the advantages of heels, then most likely, you have knees ached due to a patellar bias. You will have to give up high pins until your legs get stronger.
But what if there were no injuries, we did not carry weights, and did not put on heels, and my knees still hurt? The cause of this phenomenon may be the drying of the joint fluid. With age or by virtue of a genetic predisposition, this fluid, responsible for the smooth sliding of the bones in the knee joint, dries up, and the person feels discomfort, his knees ache. Treatment should be aimed at making the body produce this fluid. The drug "Teraflex" has shown its effectiveness, although it takes a long time to take it. Of the folk remedies, a tincture of 3 tablespoons of eucalyptus leaf, 2 weeks on a half liter of vodka, has proved its worth. This tincture needs to be rubbed into the knee. Compresses made of kefir and chalk, and baths with buttercup also help. Inside, you can take on an empty stomach mixture of ground celery, lemon, a small head of garlic and 2-3 tbsp.spoons of honey.
Quickly remove pain in the knee when flexing
Articular pain is one of the most common reasons for going to the doctor. According to statistics, every second person ever experienced pain in the knee.
The most frequent causes of pain in the knee during flexion are overloads, injuries and diseases. And if the injuries are more or less clear, then with the diseases that show themselves pain in the joints everything is much more complicated. The list of inconvenient diseases is very large.
What diseases can the pain show?
Why do knees ache when flexing? The most common diseases of the joints, accompanied by acute, blunt, shooting, burning or paroxysmal pain are arthritis and gout.
With arthritis: , there is a very severe pain that is worse during movement, accompanied by redness, swelling and inflammation of the knee, as well as local and general temperature increase. The basis of arthritis is an inflammatory process that can last for years and lead to disability.
When gout: , the pain is paroxysmal. Strengthens when bending. Seizures often recur, lasting from several minutes to several days.
Other conditions not related to overloads or injuries that can cause knee pain when flexing are:
- Osteoarthritis. Characterized by pain, which intensifies in the morning.
- Osgood-Spatter disease. It is often observed in children of senior school age. Characterized by pain during flexion and swelling of the anterior part of the knee.
- Cyst Baker. Disease, a characteristic feature of which is pain and swelling at the back of the knee.
- Infection. Pain of the knee joints may indicate infection of the skin, bone or joint.
- Dissecting osteochondritis. The pain is caused by the death of a part of the cartilage, due to a violation of the blood supply, etc. The pain is extremely strong when flexed.
Sprain of the ligaments of the knee joint also causes a strong pain symptom.
About why knees crunch joints and how to cure it, read this article.
How to treat a diseased knee
The medical treatment of pain in the knee is aimed primarily at eliminating the cause of the disease. Folk remedies - to remove the main symptoms of the disease. As a rule, the doctor appoints a whole complex of measures after the survey. A standard examination at the hospital includes a detailed interview with the patient( history) and certain studies: examination, ultrasound, x-ray of the knee, computed tomography, MRI.
The safest forms of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are ointments, creams and gels. They should be applied according to the doctor's instructions, strictly according to the instructions.
- Ointments and Gels
Ointments containing diclofenac sodium. For example, drugs Orthofen, Voltaren and others. They are used to relieve inflammation. The ointment is applied a thin layer on the damaged area once a day. Duration of use is 2-3 days or more, as prescribed by the doctor.
Ointments, which contain ketoprofen. For example, such popular drugs as Bystrum-gel or Fastum gel. Ointment is applied a thin layer on the damaged area 2-3 times a day.
Gels based on nimesulide. For example, Naise gel. It is applied 2-3 times a day no longer than 10 days.
Other popular anti-inflammatory drugs: Indomethacin, ointment Butadion 5% and Apizartron.
Effective are creams aimed at removing edema and reducing pain in the knee when flexing. For example:
Creams based on ibuprofen in combination with other excipients. For example, the cream of Dolgit. It is applied externally. Applied 3-4 times a day for 3 - 5 weeks.
Dietary nutrition to reduce pain
To reduce the discomfort associated with knee pain when flexing, a balanced diet helps. The menu may differ, depending on which disease is causing the pain, but there are general recommendations.
For pain in the knee, it is recommended to include in the diet such products as:
Omega-3 fatty acids, which are rich in various types of fish( salmon, mackerel, cod, tuna, etc.) are a natural anti-inflammatory agent and, accordingly, help relieve painsyndrome caused by various joint diseases. There are no side effects.
For degenerative diseases of the knee joint, you should include in your diet greens: spinach, green onions, parsley, etc. According to research conducted by Australian scientists, eating greens helps relieve pain and other symptoms of arthritis. This is due to the fact that the greens contain a large amount of lutein, zeaxanthin and quercetin, and has a strong anti-inflammatory effect.
Some spices also have anti-inflammatory effect. For example, curry or curcumin. Spices inhibit the enzymes that cause inflammation and swelling and relieve pain.
In rheumatoid arthritis, a diet consisting of vegetable and fruit juices: orange, tomato, carrot, celery or cabbage helps. The duration of such a diet is three weeks, the scheme is as follows: the first week - one "hungry" day, the second week - two days and the third - three days.
Traditional medicine against pain
To remove pain in the knee, help with medicinal lotions and poultices, as well as other folk remedies:
- Gadgets, popular recipes:
At night, a mixture of baked milk and bread is applied to the sore spot( proportions: 0.5 cups ryazhenka, 0.5 cups breadand 0.5 spoon). It removes the pain from the burdock leaf( cabbage leaf).It must be moistened in cold water and, with a fluffy side, attached to the inflamed knee.
- Poultices have also proved themselves well:
During the month, before going to bed, you can soar your aching leg in a sage broth( proportions: 100g sage for 6 liters of water).Duration of the procedure: 30 minutes - 1 hour.
A good therapeutic effect also gives a decoction of chamomile with salt( proportions: 200 g of flowers per 10 liters of water).Poultices do once a day. Duration of the procedure: 1 - 1.5 hours
For pain in the knee, alcoholic tincture is very popular( proportions: 200 g of chopped root per 500 ml of alcohol).The mixture must be insisted for two weeks. Then use daily: rub with light massage movements for five minutes. In this case, the therapeutic effect is exerted both by the components of the infusion, and by the massage itself.
Operative treatment in especially severe cases
A modern method of treatment of joint pathology is arthroscopy. It is advisable in those cases when drug treatment and physiotherapy did not produce a significant result.
During arthroscopy the surgeon makes a small incision and with the help of an arthroscope performs surgical intervention: removal of the damaged meniscus, vaporization and further. These are the main measures to combat pain in the knee, observed when flexing.
In addition to the basic treatment, exercise therapy helps to strengthen the muscles, return the deformed joint to its normal position, restore its functions. This can be gymnastics, walking, exercises in the water, exercises aimed at developing the joint, etc. At home, to achieve the effect, it is enough just to lift up your straightened legs.
If the knee is swollen
At home, relieve swelling and relieve pain in the knee will help painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs. Good aspirin and ibuprofen( less than aspirin, damages the stomach).It will help alleviate the pain, but will not relieve the inflammation of paracetamol.
These drugs may have a negative effect on the intestinal microflora and cause stomach pain. Therefore, it is recommended to take them against the background of drugs that reduce the acidity of the stomach, only after preliminary eating.
In addition to taking medication, if the knee is swollen, it is also necessary: to restrict movement, apply a cold compress and apply a bandage. How to properly apply a bandage, shown in the video.
How to Relieve Acute Pain in the Knee
At the first bouts of pain when bending the knee, you must take painkillers( analgin, ibuprofen) and use a cold pack of ice for 20 minutes.
Glucocorticosteroids also help to remove acute pain in the knee, which are administered intra-articularly. Sufficiently effective may be various non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs( creams and ointments).
If the "home" funds did not have an effect within 2-3 days, you should consult a general practitioner! The general practitioner will inspect and, if necessary, redirect you to another specialist.
The knees ache: what to do?
Pain in the knee joint or in nearby tissues can occur due to injuries, overstrain or joint diseases. There is an opinion that the knees hurt in elderly people, and young people avoid these symptoms.
In our time, an increasing number of young people face the problem of knee pain. Injuries, incompletely cured diseases, wrong way of life - all this leads to unpleasant sensations in the knee area. So it can cause pain in the heels( more in this article).The pain can be different, arise when walking, when flexing or after running. Knees can hurt at night, at rest. What to do and how to find out the reason for this state?
Why do my knees hurt?
The main causes of pain in the knees include damage to the ligaments and meniscus, tendenitis, bursitis, knee cap, arthritis and arthrosis, the presence of the "free body" in the knee.
Damage to ligaments can occur when falling or under heavy physical exertion, for example, when actively engaged in sports. In this case, there is a sharp pain. There may also appear numbness of the toes. If you see that the knee is sore, swollen, what should I do in this case? Before receiving medical care, you need to keep your foot at rest, protecting it from the load.
Tendonitis is damage to the tendon. Occurs with trauma, painful sensations are disturbed in the kneecap. The pain is not constant, it is felt when running, walking, jumping.
Meniscus damage also occurs as a result of an injury. Meniscus is called cartilage in the knee joint, the main function of which is the cushioning of the joint. Pain can be localized from the inside or below the knee. Depending on the severity of the trauma and intensity of pain, treatment is prescribed: surgical or therapeutic.
With bursitis - inflammation of the mucous bag in the joint area, there is swelling, redness and pain in the affected area. When you get on your knees or squat( when bending the knee) there is a strong, unpleasant pain.
When the kneecap is displaced, the bone jumps out toward the outside of the knee. At the same time, a person feels severe pain, swelling, visible external changes in the joint.
In arthrosis wear of cartilage is observed. Pain and discomfort gradually increase. Often the joint hurts at night, in the morning, before the weather changes.
Arthritis, in addition to pain and swelling, is characterized by stiffness of movements, deformation of the joint, the patient feels weakness, malaise. Usually both knees are affected, both right and left. The disease is often chronic.
Sometimes, with severe injuries, bone or cartilaginous tissue can come off in the joint. For a while, this may not cause trouble until the tissue falls between the moving parts of the joint. In this case, the knee is very sore, both from the outside and from the inside, it does not bend well and unbend.Read also
- The coccyx hurts, what should I do? Causes and treatment of
It hurts under the knees: why and what to do?
Under the knee cap are tendons and ligaments that attach to the tibia and fibula. The knee is amortized thanks to the cartilage, including the meniscus. There are a lot of nerves and blood vessels in this place, but there is not enough subcutaneous fat, therefore the probability of trauma is high.
Most often, back pain is caused by injuries and collisions during team sports( football, basketball).Trauma can be either minor or very extensive.
Another cause of pain from the inside and below the knee is the deterioration of the tissues with age. Bones and cartilage lose strength and elasticity, it causes pain and discomfort. Pain can be localized above or below the knee, directly in the patella or behind. Bones and cartilage in the knee joint can be strengthened with the help of proper nutrition with enough protein, vitamins, minerals, fatty acids, moderate and correct sports loads( cycling, running).
The knees are aching heavily: what to do?
As soon as there is pain in the knee, the question immediately arises: "The knee is sore, swollen: what to do, how to help yourself and relieve the condition?"
Everything depends on what led to discomfort and pain. In case of injuries, it will be necessary to help the surgeon or traumatologist, in serious cases - surgical intervention.
For the relief of pain in diseases of joints and cartilage, the main effect of the drugs is directed to relief of pain and removal of inflammation. Doctors prescribe painkillers, anti-inflammatory non-steroid drugs, chondroprotectors, vitamins, anesthetics( local action and injection), venotonics.
High efficiency has manual therapy, physiotherapy procedures, therapeutic gymnastics.
In case of joint diseases, fixing bandages are used to reduce the load, restrict the movement regime.
With advanced forms of disease, when the knee joint can not function properly, joint prosthetics are performed( replacing one's joint with an artificial one).
Folk ways of treating knee pain
People's remedies will help alleviate pain and discomfort. They relieve swelling, inflammation, redness of tissues.
- Grind the mug, squeeze out the juice. Mix it in equal parts with vodka. In case of pain, rub the affected area. You can make a compress, you need to moisten the cloth in a solution, attach it to the joint, cover it with polyethylene and wrap it with a warm cloth.
- Will help relieve pain and swelling of birch leaves. Pick up fresh leaves, wash well, put them on your knees, put on tights. This "compress" can be done at night.
- Mix a tablespoon of vegetable oil and dried mustard. Put the mixture in a water bath for 30 minutes, then cool. Make a mixture of compresses at night on a sore knee.
- Take equal amounts of honey and extra salt, mix well. Lubricate the mixture obtained by kneading, wrap it in polyethylene, wrap it well with a warm cloth and leave it overnight.
Only qualified specialists should treat injuries and illnesses, and people's methods are temporary measures of help. And the sooner you go to the doctor, the better and faster your knees will heal.We recommend that you consult a certified orthopedic physician for advice: April 9, 2015 Natalia Platonova for the question and answer question "What to do" Leave a comment
Very keen and aching knees advise what to do?
RELEASE FROM PAIN IN THE KNEEN
EARTHS Regardless of the causes of the pain, we get rid of it with the help of a massage.1. We find painful patches on the knee joint, we press through the finger, rub it, knead it and bang their nail phalanx, which peck the movements.2. We distinguish between the palms of the knee, rubbing, tapping with the fist soreness.3. Massage the knees on the carpet and if possible, then we kneel down the carpet.4. We tap the painful places on the knees with the help of your index finger, the corner of the narrow part of the malleus, the rolling pin with the effort of portability.5. With weakened antimicrobial immunity, we strengthen it by rubbing the legs to the knee( foot, shin) and hands to the elbow( rear of the hand, forearm).The time to get rid of pain in the knee joint depends on how long it bothers you. The pain that arose about a month will require, well, from the strength of the week, two time to get rid of it. Chronic pain can be eliminated within two to three months.
STRENGTHEN ANTIMICROBIAL IMMUNITY
The indicator of weakened antimicrobial immunity, in mild cases, is the presence of a burning sensation and soreness on the skin of the limbs that are revealed when we begin to rub our legs or hands with the palm of our hands or this burning sensation, the soreness is felt in itself, even withouttouching. Such level of weakened antimicrobial immunity will be accompanied by inflammatory processes in the larynx, throat, in the lungs, kidneys and.etc. The presence of aches and aching pain in the bones and joints of the legs and hands is already a signal about the strong suppression of antimicrobial immunity( rheumatism, polyarthritis, arthritis).To strengthen or restore antimicrobial immunity, you must rub the base of your palm with the back of the hand and the outer area of the forearm to the elbow inclusive, rub your legs: leg on the leg, begin with the lifting of the foot, the shin, from all sides. We rub the knee joints, knead them between their palms. The rubbing is carried out every day until the burning sensation and soreness on the extremities disappear completely, and in the case of severely weakened immunity, until you get rid of aches and pains in the bones and joints like the hands And this requires a local massage effect on the joint area. At elevated temperature, grinding should be done 8-10 times a day, spending on the entire massage of the limbs, at a time, about 5 minutes of time. What effect can you expect from such exposure at elevated temperature? First of all, this is a drop in temperature from high figures to 37.5 ° C and lower. The effect appears in just 20-30 minutes. Pain and aches can go away, too, in some cases, even after the first exposure, but that it no longer appears in you, in mild cases - it will take you about two or three weeks to work with yourself. With a strong weakening of immunity, it will be necessary to work for this from 1 to 3 months. Daily rubbing of legs and hands on the effect of antibacterial exposure significantly exceeds the best, most expensive imported, of course, antibiotic of the widest spectrum of action and in this you can quickly see for yourself. Good luck to you.
Pain in the knee joints occurs with different pathological conditions:
2) damage to the meniscus;
3) deforming arthrosis( 80%);
4) rheumatoid arthritis and other inflammation of the joints.
The pain is different. Do joints react to meteorological conditions? Physical exercise? Were there injuries in the history of knee joints? When joints ache in the morning, at night, during the day? What causes pain? Whether there is an edema of joints? Change in skin and skin temperature over the joint?
At the heart of arthrosis is the washing out of chondroitin sulfate from the articular surface of the cartilage, the cartilaginous surface crackles, coloring forming bone spines, osteophytes. Reducing the amount of articular fluid, the joint space decreases.
4st.arthrosis - joint closure, joint endoprosthetics. Therefore, so that from 1 st.the disease did not reach 4st.- a complex of treatment is needed:
1) Mandatory exercise therapy to improve the flow of blood, nutrients to the joint, calcium.
2) Physiotherapy 7 sessions( more often electrophoresis with hydrocortisone), but there may be other types of physiotherapy, on the recommendation of a Physiotherapist.
3) Massage for 10 sessions.
4) Chondroprotectors - alfutop1,0 №20 in / m also paraarticular( near-joint) Target-t, ubiquinone, traumel-with.
5) Ointments with bee and snake venom, ointment chondroxide.
6) Spirits and vodka compresses +1 spoon of vegetable oil.
7) Nimesil 1por * 2p.a day with pain.
There is already ready articular fluid - an arthroplasty of the articular fluid is a medicinal substance. Fermatron is administered intraarticularly, it is shown at any stage of osteoarthrosis and after arthroscopic interventions;a clinically significant result after the 4th injection;is administered intra-articularly with an interval of 7 days;long-term effect and the absence of side effects. Be healthy!!!
To the surgeon, it's urgent!(preferably a few)
Guessing on the coffee grounds has not helped anyone, I say from my own experience.
try to apply warm cabbage leaves-put them on a baking sheet with a small amount of water and into the oven for 10-15 minutes and then on the knee and always wrap it up with something warm.
You have to go to the surgeon,if it is a young age, it may be Osgood-Schlatter disease, it is necessary to treat and not to start, there can be dangerous consequences.
knee dressing can help, probably. ...
Ointments: Apizartron bee venom, fastum gel, viprosal snake venom, grinding,
Apply Dip-Relief, Dolobene-gel. To drink Ibuprofen, Orthofen. But you need to see a therapist first!
I also used cabbage, all weekend for 5 hours and changed, a sheet of hot water, a little cooled and tied up with wool. The pain receded, then she went to the doctor and treated her.