How is gout treated?

How can you treat gout on your legs at home

An inflamed joint on the toe due to the deposition of uric acid crystals

An inflamed joint on your toe due to the deposition of uric acid crystals

Gout is an inflammation of the joints, characterized by the deposition of crystals of uric acid salts. Usually, the disease begins to develop in those who have already reached the age of 40.The male part of the population is more susceptible to the disease than the female.

The disease affects any joints: fingers and toes, elbows and knee joints, feet. Risk factors can be concomitant diseases - diabetes, high blood pressure, eating disorders, and hereditary predisposition. Gout is classified into two forms: primary( heredity) and secondary( consequence of other diseases, for example, leukemia).

Acute seizures can often occur when taking alcoholic beverages. Gout causes a sharp bout of pain and causes a lot of suffering to the patient. To treat the disease is necessary at the first signs of its appearance.

Causes, symptoms and diagnosis of

The cause of gout on the legs can be simple overeating, excessive consumption of spicy and fatty foods, especially meat products. Too much passion for alcoholic beverages also contributes to the development of the disease. A sedentary lifestyle and nervous overwork of the body - all these factors can trigger the development of the disease.

A gout attack usually occurs suddenly and is accompanied by reddening of the inflamed area and intense pain. Very often the disease affects the joint on the big toe. Acute painful sensations occur at any touch to the affected area. The reason for this condition is inadequate kidney excretion of uric acid from the human body.

Pain can suddenly arise and subside. It is very rare cases where the pain in the legs does not recede within a few weeks. If during this period, do not pay due attention to the disease, then the development of complications is almost guaranteed.

Diagnosis of the patient indicates a negative change in the joints

Diagnostic image of the patient indicates a negative change in the joints

Diagnosis of gout can be done with the help of laboratory studies. First of all, it is necessary to establish the level of uric acid in the blood and the daily rate of urine output from the body. When making a diagnosis, it is very important to study the general condition of the kidneys and urinary tract. This is done by ultrasound.

Diet as a method of treating gout

In the treatment of gout, it is extremely important to adhere to dietary nutritional standards. From the diet, it is necessary to exclude or significantly reduce the intake of all products containing uric acid compounds. This is necessary to reduce the content of uric acid in the blood.

All products containing purine and nitrogen containing bases( eg, liver, kidney, brain, tongue) should be categorically excluded from food. It is recommended only a small amount of low-fat meat, 200-300 g per week. Prepared food should be extremely fresh. The consumption of salt is reduced to 5 g per day.

However, in the treatment of gout, in no case should you starve, so as not to increase the level of uric acid in the blood. Only by observing strict dietary recommendations can one effectively fight the disease. The attending physician will help you choose the right medicament for treating gout on your legs.

With strong pain, tablets with anti-inflammatory action are prescribed. The medicine should reduce the pain syndrome. The main task at the initial stage of treatment is to relieve the pain and alleviate the condition of the patient. Gout is treated long and systematically. Therapy is carried out until the development of the disease is completely stopped, and sometimes a final cure is possible. Basic therapy is prescribed after blockade of initial exacerbation.

Therapy is usually aimed at maintaining the entire musculoskeletal system of the body. Treatment of gout on the legs can be done at home.

Traditional therapies

Herbal baths will relieve inflammation in the affected joint

To spend at home gout treatment on your legs, you will not need large material costs. Folk remedies have been used since ancient times, their recipes are passed down from generation to generation. There are many simple home remedies for gout on the legs, accessible to every person.

If you are still wondering how to treat gout, here are some effective recipes.

  1. You can prepare a home ointment. Mix butter with alcohol in a 1: 1 ratio. After the evaporation of alcohol from the gruel, the ointment is ready. To rub a foot it is necessary daily and before a dream.
  2. For a softening compress you need 10 ml of iodine and 5 tablets of aspirin. Spread the inflamed place and leave a warming compress for the night.
  3. Pour 300 g of sage grass 5 liters of boiled water. This is a wonderful tincture for taking baths. The effect will be achieved by cooling to the maximum tolerable temperature when steaming the affected area. To hover feet is recommended daily for a month.
  4. The method of treatment with honey, soda and mustard powder will be effective. All the ingredients must be mixed in equal parts. The resulting mixture is superimposed on a previously steamed sore spot. Wrap the leg with a plastic wrap and leave overnight. Repeat daily for 2 weeks.
  5. In traditional medicine, the usual watermelon is used to treat gout. The flesh of the berries should be eaten, and rubbed the affected areas with a crust.
  6. Apples perfectly prevent the formation of uric acid by the body.

Preventive measures should first of all be aimed at the transition to a healthy lifestyle. Observe the food culture. Physical activity should consist in a uniform distribution of loads, frequent walks in the fresh air.

Foot massage will lead to rapid resorption of exudate and elimination of muscle tension. Sanatorium treatment will also help reduce the risk of the disease. Take care of yourself and your body and be healthy!

How to treat gout with legs: advice from

physicians Gout or "aristocrat disease" is a disease whose main cause is a metabolic disorder and joint deposition of uric acid salts.

Development of gout

This disease usually develops in individuals who have a hereditary predisposition to it. It is interesting that a potential patient may not even guess about such heredity.

For example, if his parents eat properly, do not abuse alcoholic beverages and lead a healthy lifestyle, then their pathological condition may not manifest themselves throughout life and exist in a latent form.

This person will provoke gout in the event that it leads a wrong way of life.

Typical gout is characterized by the presence of:

  • obesity( in most cases),
  • alcohol abuse
  • or "purine food": meat soups, meat, fish-salted food, smoked products, by-products( kidneys, liver), beans, chocolate, beans, grape wine.

Abuse of these products leads to an increase in the formation of uric acid in the blood, which forms poorly soluble salts of sodium urate. When the uric acid content of the blood reaches a critical level, its salts precipitate in the form of microcrystals in the joint cavity, forming there as the so-called "depot".

Symptoms of gout

For the first attacks of gouty arthritis on the legs, short-term is almost always characteristic. The attack usually begins suddenly, most often in the night.

In most cases, only the joint of the big toe is involved in the inflammatory process. Less often can be inflamed thumbs on the hands, ankles, knee, elbow joints, calcaneal tendons, very rarely - wrist joints. External signs of gout on the legs illustrate the figure.

Pain is of extreme intensity, the patient literally "climbs on the wall".The affected joint turns red, swells, the skin over it becomes crimson, bright red and becomes hot to the touch. Unbearable pain occurs even with a slight touch to the affected joint.

After three or four days, such a gouty attack passes by itself. However, after a certain period of time the pain again resumes. Moreover, if the initial periods between attacks are quite large( up to eight months), then in the future everything changes radically. The duration of attacks increases, the intervals between them are reduced. Below we will consider how to treat and, in the end, cure this disease.

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The main directions of treatment

In case of an acute attack of gout on the legs, the patient is provided with complete rest. The diseased limb is given an elevated position, pads under it. When the inflammation is pronounced, the ice is applied to the joint, after the subsiding of the painful sensations - the warming compress.

Effective gout therapy on the legs involves not only eliminating the signs of arthritis, but also the main causes of its occurrence.

To eliminate the elevated urate salts in the blood,

  • steroid hormones are used;
  • non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs;
  • drugs that enhance the excretion of urate salts from the body, drugs that inhibit the synthesis of uric acid;
  • recipes of traditional medicine;
  • diet.

How to treat gout on the leg - medicamentous and folk ways

Simultaneously, it is necessary to treat both gout attacks and the disease itself. To reduce the elevated concentration of urate salts in the blood, specialists prescribe to patients such pharmacological agents:

  • NSAIDs are non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
  • Drugs that suppress the synthesis of uric acid.
  • Drugs that promote the removal of biological fluid in conjunction with urine.
  • Analgesics.
  • Medications that affect the metabolic processes in the body.

We relieve an attack of the disease

In acute gouty attack, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are used that successfully stop the pain syndrome and reduce the severity of inflammation. Effective NSAID preparations are Ibuprofen, Nimulide, Voltaren and the like.

Well proven in the treatment of gout Colchicine is a new generation medicine that instantly affects the problem. It is taken orally and within an hour the symptoms of the disease recede and the patient's condition is normalized.

These steroid hormones, such as Diprospan and Kenalog , are injected directly into the joint cavity, in order to achieve maximum effect. Orally taking these drugs is not recommended, since they have very adverse effects on the organs of the gastrointestinal tract and cause numerous side effects.

Drugs intended to relieve a gout attack are applied in short courses - for 5-7 days.

Treating the pathology of

To get rid of gout, you need to eliminate the main reason for its appearance - the formation of crystals of uric acid. It is important to take measures to reduce the concentration of this substance and activate the processes of its removal from the body. A fairly effective drug that can reduce the level of urate salts in the blood is Allopurinol .He is appointed for systematic treatment and taken for several months. In parallel, together with Allopurinol, pharmacological agents should be used that will accelerate the process of excretion of uric acid in the urine. With this task, the preparations Etamid, Urodan, Sulfinpyrazon are good.

When treatment will give an effect and the frequency of attacks of the disease will decrease, it is necessary to apply physiotherapeutic procedures that will help to consolidate the positive result achieved. When gout patients are prescribed electrophoresis, magnetotherapy and UHF .

The role of nutrition in the therapy of the disease

Drug medications in the treatment of gout will be powerless, if not to rule out the main cause of rising levels of uric acid. To do this, you need to radically change the diet and normalize food. How to treat gout with a diet, can tell any experienced doctor. Adhering to proper nutrition, it is possible to prevent the development of pathology even without the use of pharmacological agents. A healthy and balanced diet has a beneficial effect on metabolic processes in the body and the functioning of the kidneys. Exclusion from the diet of products containing a high percentage of purines, significantly reduces the risk of increasing the concentration of uric acid. Consumption of useful and natural food rich in vitamins and minerals, saturates the body with energy, strengthens immunity and helps get rid of many ailments. Therefore, it is very important in the treatment of gout or the propensity to develop it to adhere to a special diet, which is an integral part of complex therapy.

Treatment of gout with folk remedies

You can get rid of gouty arthritis using the proven prescriptions of folk healers. Unconventional treatment of gout is considered very effective in combination with diet. compresses based on rock salt and bee honey are an effective remedy for painful bouts of the disease. These substances are combined in equal proportions, spread on a piece of gauze or bandage and applied to the affected joint. The procedure can be performed daily until the signs of gout completely disappear. Instead of honey and salt, red clay is often used, making compresses on the same principle.

Tinctures and decoctions of are also widely used as therapeutic agents for gout. With the development of this rheumatic disease it is useful to drink decoctions of cowberry, strawberry, peppermint and dogrose.

Before deciding how to treat gout on the leg, it is important to go through the diagnosis and consult with a specialist. Gouty arthritis can be accompanied by serious complications and to properly adjust the therapy it is necessary to rely on the results of the survey. Do not self-medicate!

Gout on legs: symptoms, causes, treatment, diet for gout

Gout is a disease that occurs as a result of impaired metabolism of purines that participate in the process of creating DNA.As a result, the blood levels of uric acid increase( hyperureukemia).Uric acid begins to be deposited in the tissues of the musculoskeletal system and in internal organs. Due to this, there is a restriction in the movements, and acute attacks of pain occur.

Causes of gout

Strikes gout mainly men!

  • The use of certain medicines: aspirin, diuretic diuretics, cyclosporins.
  • Presence of conditions and diseases in the form of diabetes mellitus, coronary heart disease, obesity, blood diseases, organ transplantation, psoriasis, chronic renal failure, metabolic syndrome, lead poisoning. Exacerbations of gout cause trauma and surgical intervention.
  • People who eat foods with a high content of purine bases are at risk of developing the disease. The use of fatty varieties of meat, seafood, carbonated and alcoholic beverages in no small degree contribute to the accumulation of purines in the body.
  • Strikes gout predominantly in men between the ages of thirty and fifty, but recently women are affected, most often in menopause.
  • A significant role in the occurrence of gout is heredity. If the right lifestyle and healthy diet are observed, the disease can be preserved in a latent, latent form, but in case of adverse effects, its development begins.

There are two forms of gout: primary and secondary .The primary form arises independently as a result of the accumulation of purines. Secondary - as a consequence of other diseases and taking medications.

Symptoms of gout

The manifestation of gout is expressed in seven different stages. Each of these stages has its own symptoms:

There are seven stages in the development of gout

Acute gout. The most frequent attacks of acute gout occur at night. The main symptoms: weakness in the arms and legs, trembling, arthralgia, headaches, subfebrile condition. The joint of the metatarsal phalanx of the thumb on the leg swells, the skin of the finger assumes a bluish-red color, becomes shiny and firm. In the joint of the toe, there is a sharp pain. The finger loses its motor ability. The body temperature rises to thirty-eight degrees. The onset of pain and seizures continues for three to ten days. Then comes the period of calm from one month to two years. At this time gout on the legs may not manifest itself.

Subacute gout. Basically manifested in the form of monoarthritis - a disease of one joint. Most often there is gout on the toes. Pain is expressed in a weak form. Basically, gout on the big toe is localized.

Rheumatoid gout. The defeat of various joints and the appearance of painful attacks, lasting for hours or days. Often there is gout of the knee, expressed by a constant aching pain.

Pseudophlegmonous gout. Expressed in mono-displays of arthritis. The attack is susceptible to any joint and surrounding tissues. The body temperature reaches thirty-eight degrees. In addition, there is inflammation of the patient joint, fever, leukocytosis.

Gout by type of allergic infectious polyarthritis. Quite a rare form of gout. Manifestations are similar to manifestations of polyarthritis, but the pain does not have a clear location and arises in different joints. And the inflammation manifests very quickly and have a bright crimson color.

Malosymptomatic gout stage. With a similar manifestation, the joint becomes inflamed, but the pain syndrome is almost not felt. Often the manifestation of gout begins with an inflammation of the bones on the legs.

Arthritic gout. With arthritic gout form, pain concentrates in the tendons, especially often the pain covers the calcaneal tendon. It becomes denser and increases in size. In the absence of treatment, chronic polyarthritis develops with gouty manifestations. With arterial shape, the joints and muscles of the legs deform. The pain syndrome is initially manifested by attacks, then goes into a chronic form.

Symptoms of chronic gout form are tofusi - visible solid nodes in the joints. They appear after five years of the disease. Gouty attacks can be associated with kidney disease. This greatly increases the pressure and a severe headache occurs. The contrast between the healthy tissue and the tissue affected by the disease is particularly clear.

Treatment of gout

Tofusi - visible solid knots in joints

Medication for gout on the legs is to stop the pain syndrome and restore the purine metabolism. In case of an acute attack of gout, the patient must comply with bed rest and complete rest. The patient's leg should be placed on a hill and ice is applied, after the pain is reduced, a warming compress is applied. When treating seizures, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are used. The drug and the recommended dose is prescribed by a doctor.

To reduce the level of uric acid, antidotal drugs( sulfin-perazone, alopurinol, uralite and others) are used. How to treat gout on the legs should decide the doctor. The drug is chosen by a doctor and is used for many years.

When tofusov emerges surgical treatment to remove them. This is due to the fact that the tofus formed can not dissolve during drug treatment and severely limit the motor ability of the joints.

As applications for physiotherapy, applications from a dimexide solution are used. They relieve pain in acute attacks and have an anti-inflammatory effect. In the absence of pronounced attacks, applications of ozocerite, paraffin, and therapeutic mud are used. This greatly improves the function of patients with joints and reduces the number of urates. Good results are obtained by the intake of mineral-alkaline waters, mud therapy, balneotherapy.

In combination with physiotherapy and medical products, phytotherapy is also used. A wonderful effect gives the use inside of infusions of cowberry or black currant and blueberries.

Diet for gout

No less important is nutrition with gout legs. When treating any form of gout on the legs, strict adherence to the diet is necessary. From the daily diet should be excluded products with a high content of purines.

Products requiring exception: lungs, liver, brains, kidneys, young meat and chicken meat, fish and meat broths, alcoholic and carbonated drinks.

Foods that require restrictions: fish, crustaceans, caviar, cauliflower, radish, mushrooms, asparagus, legumes, spinach, sorrel, eggplant.

The intake of calories into the body must be provided by the consumption of carbohydrates. You can eat small amounts of cereals and flour dishes, eggs, beef, lamb, lean fish. At the same time meat and fish are used in boiled form, no more than three times a week in the amount of two hundred and fifty grams per serving. To maintain the vitamin balance is recommended reception of broths from lemon, dogrose, apples, black currant.

With gout, you can without any restrictions eat milk and grain products, vegetables, fruits and berries, nuts, melons, watermelons, spices.

In addition to adherence to the diet, drinking is necessary. Gout requires an abundance of alkaline drink. To do this, a variety of berry and fruit compotes or mineral water with a high content of alkali.

With timely detection of the disease and timely on-going comprehensive treatment, gout is treated quite successfully. The main thing with the slightest symptoms of gout is to consult a qualified specialist who knows how to cure gout on his legs correctly, and exactly follow the recommendations for taking medications and changing the diet.

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