Diet for joint arthrosis
Everyone agrees that a wide range of diseases affecting the human body are more or less related to the food that people eat, the very image, the consumption regime is also important. Therefore, not the last value in the treatment or maintenance in the process of remission has a diet for joint arthrosis, which is aimed at establishing more efficient metabolic processes.
Thanks to the implementation of all the required rules, the patient not only can improve the condition of his joints, but also lose weight by improving his appearance.
What is the diet for joint arthrosis?
What are joints are joints that allow our body to move adequately and, like any mechanism with prolonged high load or other negative factors, it can fail or lose its former flexibility. In this case, the problems that appear in this area of anatomy, the body tells its owner pain symptoms.
Severe pain in the joints, a problem with walking, and just with any movement. All this persecutes the patient to whom the diagnosis is made. It is worth noting that the risk of getting this disease is the higher, the fatter the person. Each extra kilogram on the body significantly increases the burden on the musculoskeletal system, causing pathological changes that can subsequently become irreversible.
Make treatment more effective or at least stabilize, improve the condition of the patient is capable of adjusting nutrition. The balance of carbohydrates, fats, proteins, as well as minerals, trace elements and vitamins entering the body, avoiding overeating( the daily amount of food consumed on average for an adult should not exceed 2000 calories) - all this will allow you to keep your joints for a longer timeoperable condition.
But if a person who has applied for a consultation in a polyclinic after the examination has been diagnosed, so that the therapy gives a positive result, the patient should know what diet is with arthrosis of the joints?
People who are confronted with this disease need to significantly revise their diet. It is advisable to remove meat from it, especially beef and pork. Their place should be occupied by fish. Only fish meat contains Omega-3 acid, a polyunsaturated fatty acid, which has a beneficial effect on the affected joint, arresting the inflammatory process. This recommendation is related not only to the individual characteristics of meat products, but also to the fact that the quality of the product itself has changed significantly compared to the meat that our grandmothers ate.
Today, people eat meat of animals suffering from hypodynamia: they are fattened with special products( antibiotics, food additives, biologically active substances and hormones, growth stimulants), which does not benefit the human body consuming similar products. Syring meat preservatives, fast food, food with dyes and stabilizers led to the fact that physicians had to allocate another category of the disease - "metabolic arthrosis."
Preservative preservatives are deposited in joints in the form of crystalline neoplasms, forming conglomerates of chondrocalcinates, uric acid and other chemical compounds. They have a detrimental effect on the characteristics of the joint fluid, which is the lubrication of the hinges.
Remember the mechanism that you forgot to lubricate. Primarily, it can squeak, and then begins to collapse.
Therefore, in order to protect themselves from this pathology, and in case of diagnosing the disease, to alleviate the condition of the joints, by improving, if possible, the metabolic processes in them. It is worth, yet, know what kind of diet for joint arthrosis?
So, it is worth noting the consumption of such products:
- Meat and its derivatives, especially as a "fast food" product.
- Other products of fast food.
- Smoked fish and meat sold in stores and supermarkets. In most cases, the process of "smoking" is reduced to chemical processing of products, and not through fire and wood shavings, as was done before.
- Fried and spicy dishes.
- Prepared meat products, which were tinted with the introduction of special dyes and flavor enhancers( ham, sausages, sausages, bacon), to obtain the best kind and taste characteristics of the product. It is advisable to buy meat from trusted producers, in which you are absolutely sure( if you know that they did not use chemical additives during the cultivation process).For residents of megacities is, perhaps, an impossible task. But one of the outputs in this situation is the thermal processing of meat, in which a number of chemical compounds are destroyed, losing their aggressiveness. The second is to remove the visible fatty layers - in fact, the accumulation of "harmful substances" predominates in them.
- Animal fats that form plaques of cholesterol, which leads to clogging of blood vessels.
- White cabbage.
- Alcohol based beverages.
- Processed and salted varieties of cheese.
It is desirable to reduce the consumption of these products:
- No flood.
- Sweet dishes and buns. Radish and radish. Meat semi-finished products: cutlets, meatballs, various sausages, sausages and sausages.
- Refuse soups on meat broth. Even if you drain the first broth after boiling the meat, more chemicals go with it, but in a certain amount they can be found in the second and third portions of the broth. Sorrel, spinach.
In the diet of a person suffering from arthrosis, must be present:
- Hard cheese and cottage cheese.
- Clear water. Small amounts, but often.
- The combination of raw food and boiled dishes should correspond to a 3: 1 ratio.
- Fresh fruits and vegetables( especially those that contain enough calcium).
- From soups, give preference to soups - mashed potatoes or light vegetable, mushroom soups.
- Dairy products containing a large amount of calcium, strengthening bone tissue.
- Fish: salmon, cod, mackerel, tuna, trout, sardines and fatty varieties.
- Seafood. Beans, peas and lentils.
- Vegetable and butter.
- Buckwheat and other cereals. The exception is semolina and white rice. Dried apricots and apricots. Once a day, it's enough to eat two or three.
- whole grain bread.
- Baked potato, which is consumed without salt, but with a peel. Citrus fruits and bananas. In a day, it is enough to eat three times a half of a banana to get the necessary amount of potassium. Consumption of a large number of bananas, on the contrary, leads to a deterioration of the state, as it provokes its rapid removal from the body. Regular consumption is very important. But the constant consumption of bananas can lead to the appearance of extra pounds to avoid this, it is better to replace bananas with baked potatoes, which it is desirable to eat with the peel, which is the maximum of vitamins and trace elements.
- Raisins and nuts. Daily rate 30-40 g.
- For dressing salads it is better to use any vegetable oil, but not more than two tablespoons a day.
If joint edema is observed, the diet should be adjusted. It is necessary to introduce abundant drink, diuretic broths, teas( watermelons are very useful) and minimize the amount of salt taken( up to 8-10 g per day).In this situation, it is necessary to remove from the menu tomatoes, hot and sweet peppers, sorrel, spicy seasonings.
Diet for arthrosis of knee joints
This pathology has a specific term - gonarthrosis - and is expressed by deformity of the knee joint, which can be caused by trauma, metabolic abnormalities, obesity or heavy physical exertion.
Diet for arthrosis of knee joints is aimed at reducing the load on the hinge element of the musculoskeletal system. The main factor of the desired improvement is a decrease in the body weight of the patient. But do not practice starvation or introduce yourself into tight restrictions. Diet for arthrosis of knee joints should be represented by a full balanced diet, with enough vitamins, fats, carbons, microelements and proteins. At the same time, it should be low in calories.
Do not get carried away by diuretics and products that are laxative. This approach to the problem significantly depletes the body, washing out calcium from it, which only aggravates the situation with the affected joint.
To take food such a patient needs small portions( up to 250-300g), but often. Pieces of food should be chewed well. If you want to have a snack between meals, you can do it with diet bread, fresh fruit or vegetables. But do not overeat.
Breakfast is mandatory, because most of the "eaten" calories are consumed in the morning. During the day, this patient should drink up to two liters of clean water in small portions. Diet for arthrosis of knee joints excludes acidic fruits and juices from them. At the same time, the requirements for the selection of products that have already been announced above are working.
In case of treatment of arthrosis of the knee joint or prevention of this disease, one should drink a glass of pomegranate or orange juice a day. Clinically confirmed that regular consumption of this fluid can reduce the likelihood of the appearance of the pathology in question by 16%.A reception of five spoonfuls of pomegranate juice per day contributes to the arrest in the affected joint of the inflammatory process. Nutritionists are not advised to start eating, if the patient is upset or tired. You should not seize the problem by raising food to the goal of existence. Nutritionists advise the main daily ration to sell until seven in the evening, costing at a later time, if necessary, stewed or fresh vegetables.
Anyone who has any pathology that depends on the quantity and quality of nutrition, the treating doctor advises to get a "Diary of nutrition", where the patient should write down everything that he consumed during the day. With this approach to the diet, you can more closely control the selection of foods and their total calorie content.
Diet for arthrosis of the hip joint
Dystrophic transformations affecting the cartilaginous tissue of the hip joint, doctors denote by one term - coxarthrosis. This disease can occur with serious complications, which have a destructive effect on the bone tissue of the musculoskeletal system. Cystic structures can form along the edges of the deformed joint. Therefore, a diet for arthrosis of the hip joint requires the provision and strengthening of drug therapy, which works on the regeneration of cartilaginous tissue, stabilization and normalization of joint fluid production, which is a lubricant for the mobile elements of the joint.
When diagnosing the pathology in question, the patient needs to significantly adjust his diet. The above "good" and "bad" products work unambiguously in this situation.
Do not just forget about the vitamin fullness of the diet. After all, the presence of a sufficient number of vitamins, minerals and trace elements increases the defenses of the organism, enabling it to resist the disease, especially with regard to inflammatory history in the development of arthrosis of the hip joint.
It should be remembered that vitamin B vitamins are especially rich in such foods as sprouted wheat, dairy products, lentils and peas, whole grain bread, nuts and bananas, egg yolk. Vitamin E, mainly, can be found in sprouted wheat, nuts, fresh fruits and vegetables. Especially rich in vitamin C green peas, Brussels and cauliflower, hips, sweet pepper, black currant, strawberry. A lot of vitamin A can be found in sea kale, carrot, egg yolk, sweet pepper, parsley, butter, peaches, pumpkin.
Nutritionists recommend that such patients remove from their diet products made from high-grade flour. This is mainly baked pastry, white wheat bread, pasta and biscuits. This product is best replaced with bread from wholemeal flour or bran, as well as baking from rye flour.
In order to keep all useful substances in cereals, porridge on its basis should be prepared in one of two ways:
- Groats are laid in boiling water or milk and brought to half-ready. After that, it is set aside on a bolt and the pan is well wrapped. Such a unique thermos allows the porridge to "go" on its own.
- Another method of preparation is to pre-soak the cereals. This procedure takes six to eight hours and only after that is brought to full readiness.
These patients need to reduce their sugar intake. If desired, it can be replaced by beekeeping products, for example, honey( if the patient does not have allergies to it), as well as dried fruits or fresh sweet fruits and berries.
The diet for arthrosis of the hip involves consumption of sour-milk products, whereas milk should be removed from the diet of such a patient.
The prohibition of fatty meat extends to the menu with coxarthrosis, while the tongue, liver, heart and kidneys can be eaten in moderation, since these by-products are not fat and can not harm a sick joint. But a variety of fish dishes are highly desirable, the only exception is the salted fish. Steep meat broths and dishes based on it should be removed from the patient's menu, replacing them with vegetable soups and borscht, mushroom broths.
If you want to eat between meals, you can do it with an apple, a few pieces of nut kernels or dried fruits. In this situation, you can drink half a glass of natural juice.
After reaching a person of a certain age, metabolic processes slow down, so the caloric content of the diet of such a patient should be somewhat reduced. It is desirable to reinforce the diet for arthrosis of the hip joint with a light morning gymnastics( it is not necessary to heavily burden the diseased knee) and walks in the fresh air.
Disease for arthrosis of the shoulder joint
Arthrosis of the shoulder joint is the wear and degeneration of the tissues that form the joint of the shoulder, which is manifested by painful symptoms in the joint articulation during motion and even at rest. The causes of this pathology can be different: fracture of the upper limbs, bruising, overstretching of the hand by physical exertion, sprains of ligaments, internal disease of various genesis affecting the shoulder area. Arthrosis of the shoulder joint is a professional disease of many athletes, for example, such as canoeists, volleyball players, handball players, tennis players, gymnasts and many others.
For the prevention or treatment of the pathology in question, the person concerned must adhere to certain life rules. The diet in arthrosis of the shoulder joint also plays an important role in this list.
The first thing that a patient needs to do is limit the amount of spices and salt consumed. It is desirable to introduce into the diet as soon as possible products containing a sufficient amount of collagen - a building cell for the regeneration of joint tissues. It can be seafood, fish, which has red meat, fresh greens, poultry meat.
The basic principles of food selection are fully consistent with the above list. Absolutely identical and food restrictions. If the pain is accompanied by swelling of the shoulder, then the patient must be connected to anti-edematous therapy, which includes anti-inflammatory decoctions and diuretics with a plentiful drink( on average, the volume of liquid drunk per day should reach up to two liters).
Diet for arthrosis of the shoulder joint should be rich in potassium. The fount of this element are: apricots, potatoes baked in uniforms, dried apricots, bananas. Two or three fetuses three times a day and the volume of potassium is replenished, a banana is enough to take half. Very important is the regularity of the reception and the clear keeping of the recommendations. Only with this approach can we achieve positive dynamics in the development of pathology.
Diet for arthrosis of the ankle
Deformation of joints on the foot - this pathology, mainly, affects the big toes of the lower extremities. The causes of this disease are different. Such a development of pathology can occur due to heredity, overweight, flat feet, kidney disease, prolonged feet, a water-salt balance, tight shoes, and "improper eating".Therefore, an adequately selected diet for arthrosis of the ankle joint can work miracles, significantly improving the patient's condition.
When diagnosing the pathology in question, the patient should adjust his diet, which should be based on the recommendations given above.
What can I eat with joint arthrosis?
Pain is an unpleasant but natural reaction of the body to an internal pathological change. Many diseases can be partially or completely corrected or alleviated by changing the diet of the patient.
If a person suffers pain in the joints, he must know what can be eaten with joint arthrosis?
- From meat products it is desirable to give preference to a bird( turkey, chicken, duck).Periodically, you can use in the preparation of dishes heart, kidney, liver.
- You can not do without fish. It can be both fatty varieties, and lean meat. An exception is salted fish. This food is saturated with omega-3 fatty acids, which perfectly "extinguish" the inflammation and are involved in the regeneration of damaged cartilaginous tissue.
- Flax seed and butter from it. Sour-milk products: kefir, cottage cheese, curdled milk, whey, yogurt( they are rich in calcium).Give preference to the serum. Contrary to the popular belief that cottage cheese is rich in these elements, most of it remains in the serum, and not in the curd. If the patient normally tolerates this product, it is advisable to drink up to half a liter of this liquid per day. Products should be natural without preservatives, dyes and, preferably, without sugar.
- Greens: various salads, dill, fennel, celery.
- Red pepper effectively combats free radicals, which lead the skin to wilt, and cartilaginous and articular tissue to aging. This is due to the large number of antioxidants in this product.
- Daily intake of two to three spoons of germinated wheat replenishes the body's need for vitamins and trace elements.
- All kinds of nuts that are rich in vitamin E: walnuts, hazelnuts, almonds, pine nuts. They are enough two - three tablespoons a day.
- Various cereals, except for semolina and white rice. Squash and pumpkin. Bread from bran or wholemeal.
- Fruits. Particularly noteworthy pineapples, badly removing inflammatory symptoms. This result is obtained thanks to bromelain, which is present in this fruit. Eat it better fresh, and immediately after cleaning. The maximum content of this active compound is on the core and its poppy( the upper part of the fruit).
- Freshly squeezed juice of oranges and pomegranate. Broccoli and colored cabbage.
- Butter and vegetable oil.
- Products with a high protein content, are in great demand in a joint arthrosis diet. These are lentils, peas and beans.
- Rosehip tincture. Decoctions of currant and raspberry leaves.
- Hard, unsalted cheeses.
What can not be eaten with joint arthrosis?
If there are indications for preferential use of individual products, then the question arises of itself, what can not be eaten with joint arthrosis? And this list is also pretty. From the diet of a person suffering from joint pain, it should be withdrawn:
- Bakery buns and cooked pastries only, bread made from wheat flour.
- Ice cream. Pork and beef.
- Sweet drinks filled with carbon dioxide.
- Alcoholic beverages and nicotine.
- Strong sweetened tea and coffee.
- Chocolate and products from cocoa beans.
- Risks and croutons.
- Conservation. Desserts of cream and milk.
- Confectionery, especially with oil and other creams. Chips and popcorn.
- Dairy products, high in fat: yogurt( fat content more than 3,2%), sour cream( fat content more than 10%), cream, cottage cheese with fat content more than 4%, whole milk.
- Breakfast cereals from wheat and corn.
- Low alcohol drinks.
- Ready breakfasts.
- Spicy seasonings, consumption of various sauces, spices and spices.
- Smoked products.
- Fried dishes.
- Red and black caviar. Goods fast food.
- Sturgeon, salmon, halibut.
- Food, which in its composition has food and preserving additives, stabilizers, flavoring stimulants and tinting substances. Groats of instant cooking.
- Foods that contain unsaturated fatty acids, such as Omega-6.
Diet recipes for arthrosis of joints
Usually when writing a diet for a particular disease, a qualified nutritionist is ready to offer his patient and multiple recommendations for cooking, as well as diet recipes for joint arthrosis.
- With daily consumption of a glass of fresh orange juice, you can significantly improve the patient's condition.
- Three - four spoonfuls of pomegranate juice or grains of this berry, taken every day, and it will be possible to significantly reduce the amount of the produced enzyme, which contributes to the destruction of cartilaginous tissue, perfectly stopping the process of inflammation.
- If there is swelling, then with this situation it is necessary for a patient to switch to a salt-free diet, as well as to introduce diuretics into their diet, while drinking more liquid. Here are a few decoctions and infusions that have a diuretic effect.
- Prepare a collection of three portions of herb sponges, two servings of leaves of bearberry, one portion of St. John's wort and one portion of violet flowers. One glass of freshly boiled water to pour a tablespoon of the resulting collection. Let stand for about half an hour, then drain. Drink half the glass three times throughout the day for half an hour before the estimated time of meal.
- Prepare a collection of three portions of bearberry leaves, one serving of licorice root and one serving of cornflower flowers. One glass of freshly boiled water to pour a tablespoon of the resulting collection. Let stand for about half an hour, then drain. Drink half the glass three times throughout the day for half an hour before the estimated time of meal.
- In this situation, a good drink and anti-inflammatory tea. It can be sage, St. John's wort, flowers of hibiscus( carcade), chamomile pharmacies, fossil bark, calendula, lime color. For all such teas, a single method of preparation is used. Pour a tablespoon of a dry plant into a glass of boiling water. Leave to stand for 30 minutes, then drain. Take half the glass three times throughout the day half an hour before meals.
It is encouraging that the diet for arthrosis of joints does not differ with such strict limitations, for example, as with diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Thanks to this, one can eat not only correctly, but also deliciously, diversely, the main thing is to follow the recommendations given by a dietician. Below are the recipes for diets with joint arthrosis, which are already or may well become loved.
Required products: four legs of a pig, about half a kilogram of pork meat( it is desirable to take lean slices), a small carrot and one head of onions, a couple of laurel leaves, a pinch of salt, a few fragrant peppercorns and 20g of instant gelatin.
Sequence of preparation. Clean the legs thoroughly and wash. Put in a container in which they will be cooked. Fill the pan with water so that it covers the pig product above five centimeters by five to six. Put on a fire and bring to a boil. As soon as boiling occurred, use a spoon or a noise to carefully remove the foam that has risen. The fire on the burner should be made as low as possible, so that the liquid does not boil, but only slightly sway. Then the cold will turn out to be transparent. From now on, check the time. In this mode, keep the legs on fire for about four hours. Periodically, it is necessary to lift the lid and remove the appearing fatty film from the surface of the broth. This allows you to keep the transparency, make the dish tasty and not very fat.
While pork legs are languishing, fill a small bowl with a glass of broth, let it stand until it becomes warm. After this, add the gelatin and stir until it is completely dissolved.
In the tank, where the legs are languishing, report the meat and leave it on the stove for another hour. At this time, peel the carrots and onion and cut into cubes. Add the vegetables to the broth, add the bay leaf and pepper. Only after this, the liquid should be salted, bringing to taste( but it is better not to slightly add salt).After that, the cold remains on the fire for an hour. That is, the total cooking time is six hours. In this case, it is worth remembering that in the process of preparation, in no case should you add water to the liquid.
After the total time, the legs and meat are removed from the broth, slightly cooled. We lay the legs, and the meat regimen into pieces and return it to a slightly boiling broth. After he again began to boil, add swollen gelatin and gently, but mix well.
Ready cold is poured into molds and left to cool, after which it can be put in the refrigerator or any other cool place until completely hardened.
Potatoes baked in foil
Necessary products: half a kilogram of potatoes, a bunch of dill and a little butter.
Sequence of preparation. Using a brush, the potatoes are very well washed, since the potatoes should be baked in the peel. It is also better not to eat, for it is the peel that contains the maximum amount of potassium, so necessary for the body. At the end of washing the tubers, dry with a kitchen towel. After that, we take each potato and cut it with either a fan or crosswise. In the resulting gap, we introduce a small piece of butter. Each tuber is covered with dill sprigs and well wrapped in foil.
The oven is reheated to 200 ° C and the foil balls are laid out on a baking sheet. The average potato size will be ready in forty minutes after putting it in a hot oven. When the time was right, get the potatoes and release them from the wrapper. Slightly salted, you can eat with the skin.
Necessary products: a couple of fish, one medium onion, lemon, a little salt and vegetable oil.
Sequence of preparation. Fish thoroughly rinse and dry on a kitchen towel. Separate the head and extract the insides very carefully from the trunk. Rinse again thoroughly, trying to remove the black inner film. If you do not, the end product will feel bitter. The carcass again get wet with a towel, removing excess moisture. After this, very carefully release from the ridge, having received two fish fillets.
Carcase a sprinkle with one lemon juice and lightly rub it with salt. On one half fillet lay out lemon rings, and the second we cover with onion rings. Both pieces are lightly sprinkled with vegetable oil. After that, we put them together with a skin upward.
We put the prepared product in a roasting hose and place it in an oven, which was previously heated up to 180 ° С.The fish is baked for 40 minutes.
Harmonizes the taste of the dish with one of the possible side dishes: greens, boiled potatoes, puree from it, a slice of lemon. Well-suited vegetables, even in baked, even in a boiled form.
Fresh vitamin salad
Required products: one large or a couple of small carrots and half a head of medium cabbage fork, a pinch of salt, a juice of one lemon and a little vegetable oil.
Sequence of preparation. Carrot grind on a grater with medium cells. Cut the cabbage and, with a little suction, use a good hand to crush it. Sprinkle with lemon juice, combine with carrots. Add oil and mix well. Salad ready.
Necessary products: 0,5 kg of cottage cheese, 100 g of dried fruits, honey.
Sequence of preparation. With the help of kitchen appliances, beat the cottage cheese to a homogeneous consistency. Honey heat up to 40 ° C, but no more, otherwise it will lose its healing properties. Combine the two components and mix thoroughly.
Dried fruits. Large berries to grind, then enter into the curd mass.
Necessary products: 0.5 kg of various dried fruits, honey, three liters of water.
Sequence of preparation. Put all ingredients in a three-liter jar and fill with water. Infuse for 12 hours, after which you can drink without sweetening. But if the sweets are still small, it is allowed to enter a few spoons of honey and give a little more time to stand up.
Diets for joint arthrosis
Despite a number of prohibited foods, the diet menu for joint arthrosis can not be called particularly strict. If desired, the patient's table can be tasty and varied. Consider for such a patient, an approximate menu for one day.
Immediately after waking up, it is advisable to drink a glass of pure water or natural orange juice. This simple step allows you to "wake up" the organs of the digestive tract.
- Any porridge authorized by the dietician, prepared on water and dressed with a slice of butter. The dish can either be slightly salted, or, conversely, add honey or dried fruit.
- Suitable for morning meals and curd or casserole from cottage cheese.
- A glass of one of the fermented milk products.
- Galette cookies.
Repeated breakfast - dried apricots, banana, pineapple or pomegranate.
- Vegetable or on the cereal soup.
- Baked potatoes. Salads from fresh carrots.
- Rye bread.
- A light green tea.
Snack: fresh fruit or fruit jelly with drying.
- Stewed vegetables.
- Nursery with stuffing.
- Hibiscus tea.
Another version of the diet menu for joint arthrosis.
- Oatmeal or scrambled eggs.
- Any vegetable salad.
- A piece of unsalted cheese.
- A light green tea without sugar.
- Rye bread.
The second breakfast is a glass of fermented milk product.
- Refrigerated or steamed( baked) meat or fish dish: meatballs, boiled meat, cutlets. Mashed potatoes. Stew or steamed vegetables.
- Corn-grain bread.
- Infusion of rose hips.
Snack: mousse or kissel with bread.
- Salad from boiled beet.
- Lazy vareniki.
- A light green tea.
The last meal should be easy, so as not to overload the stomach for the night and not provoke the body to a set of extra pounds.
Reviews for a joint arthrosis diet
In many therapeutic therapies, food does not take the last place in the level of influence on the final result. The balance of nutrients, the correct selection of products - and the load on the diseased organ is significantly reduced. If you listen to reviews of the diet for arthrosis joints of patients who have encountered this problem, then people who are very responsible for changing their diet, were satisfied with the result. At the same time, not only the pains went away and the edema subsided, but, having thrown off a few extra pounds, the patient improved his overall condition. There was ease in walking, the condition of the hair changed noticeably, the nail plates became firmer, the skin of the face acquired a healthy color. If before the skin was "sick" for acne, then the epidermis was significantly cleared.
But in the tags of the World Wide Web you can find reviews about the diet for joint arthrosis and those who are not very happy with the result. It's only with time that it turns out that such a patient, while sitting on a diet, allowed himself many liberties in food and regime.
Sedentary work, a sedentary lifestyle, snacks and food on the move - hence the excessive weight and increased burden on the musculoskeletal system. All this pushes our body to destruction. Arthrosis of the joints even today affects young people. To get out of this situation will only help in due time to seek advice from a specialist, and the introduction of restrictions in nutrition. If the disease is in its infancy, a diet for joint arthrosis - it can be all that the body needs to regenerate cartilage tissues and restore their normal functioning. But in the case of a more severe pathology, the diet will allow to increase the effectiveness of therapy.
Diet with knee arthrosis( gonarthrosis)
Arthrosis changes the structure of the cartilaginous tissue. Therefore, for effective treatment of the disease it is recommended to follow a special diet. Patients are advised to revise the ratio of proteins, fats and carbohydrates in their daily diet.
Balanced diet for arthrosis of the knee joint nutrition in arthrosis is to provide the body with the required amount of proteins of vegetable and milk origin by reducing the consumption of meat products.
Products with excessive body weight
Very often arthrosis occurs in people with increased body weight. Therefore, the task of diet, in the first place, is to reduce weight. This will significantly reduce the burden on suffering joints. This in turn will help reduce pain and improve the overall condition of the body. Patients are recommended to consume a lot of fruits, vegetables and berries, to provide their body with the necessary vitamins and microelements.
For people with excess weight should include in their diet of sour-milk products and low-fat meat. It is recommended to replace pork, lamb with dietary meat of turkey, chicken or rabbit. This will allow to provide the body with necessary proteins. We should not forget about vegetable proteins, which are found in large quantities in legumes.
In order to reduce weight, do not abuse fried and smoked products. Preservation or the use of too many spices affect appetite, and hence weight gain. Therefore, the preparation of products for a couple or a method of extinguishing is welcomed.
It is necessary to include in your diet consumption in a small amount of walnuts, cedar or almonds.50% of all consumed products are raw vegetables and fruits. A great option is to make from them salads dressed with vegetable oil or low-fat yogurt or kefir.
Do not forget about the water-salt balance. In order to stop the progression of the disease, you need to use the necessary amount of fluid. It is not necessary to drink only water( not necessarily fizzy!) Compotes, juices, jelly are an excellent substitute for water. Sweet, carbonated beverages are best excluded. Coffee is a diuretic and helps wash out calcium from bones. Therefore, it is better to drink it with the addition of milk or even to exclude from the diet.
Principles of the diarrhea for arthrosis
In the diet with knee arthrosis, there is another principle - there is little, but several times a day( approximately every three hours).Do not forget that the signal about saturation of the brain gives only after 20 minutes. Therefore, it is necessary to leave the dining table with a feeling of mild hunger. For those who can not control themselves in eating, it is recommended to have a special "food diary".This method disciplines the patient.Related article:
Treatment of arthrosis of knee joints
Do not load your body with food after 18-00.But this does not mean that you should at all refuse to eat. Light sour-milk products( low-fat yogurt, cottage cheese) will perfectly help to satisfy hunger. Try to exclude from the diet consumption of sour fruits and berries. Some vegetables should also be discarded. These include tomatoes, potatoes, sweet peppers, onions.
There is already a lot of talk about the dangers of alcohol and smoking. But it should be noted again that these bad habits can complicate the course of the disease and lead to zero result all treatment.
The best way to help your body and sick joints is to make it a rule to spend several times a week unloading days. It can be a fruit or vegetable day. On the recommendation of the attending physician, it is possible to perform therapeutic starvation. These days are a kind of stress for the body, and it gives a positive result. The body begins to produce substances, due to which the metabolism improves. This helps to reduce the intensity of pain in the affected joints.
Useful products for arthrosis
In order to restore cartilaginous cells, a "building material" is needed. This is a protein that is in sufficient quantities in animal and plant foods. The use of complex carbohydrates( fruits, vegetables, cereals, bread of coarse grinding) will help the body to restore energy. In addition, these products are slowly broken down and not stored in stock in the form of glycogen.
An important role in metabolic processes is played by vitamins and minerals. They serve as catalysts for metabolic reactions in cells. If necessary, prescribe synthetic vitamin-mineral complexes.
Freshly squeezed carrot and beet juice helps to remove slag from the body and does not allow salts to be deposited in the joints. Some products( citrus fruits, pineapples, bananas) contain substances that reduce inflammation. The same properties have garlic, apples, apricots.
- Weight reduction;
- Replenishment of minerals that are necessary to create cartilaginous tissue.
For the formation of cartilage is recommended to include in the diet of jellied fish, chillies, rich broths, jellies. These products act as chondroprotectors for the body and are very useful.
You should not prescribe yourself a diet. Even such self-medication can be harmful. Especially people over 50 and women who have already started menopause. When appointing a therapeutic diet, not only age, but also concomitant diseases are taken into account. Be sure to consult a doctor and choose a diet that is right for you.
Diet for joint arthrosis
Disturbance of metabolic processes in the body can lead to serious problems. One of these is an unpleasant disease, like arthrosis( a change in the joints, characterized by destruction of the cartilaginous and proliferation of connective and bone tissue).Most often it occurs in the elderly, but even in its younger years, such factors as malnutrition, hard physical work or a sedentary lifestyle can provoke.
To some extent, the patient can change the diet - diet for arthrosis, although not solve all the problems, but noticeably improve the condition.
Proper nutrition for joint arthrosis
The arthrosis diet is designed to:
- Speed up metabolic processes in the body
- Reduce body weight
There is no specific diet for arthrosis - doctors give only general recommendations that should be guided by making a menu.
Nutrition for arthrosis should be balanced - it finds its rightful place of fats, proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals.
Protein food is needed for the construction of new tissues, as well as for the restoration of cartilaginous tissue that covers the surface of the joints. Patients are advised to use a sufficient amount of dairy products( there is a large amount of protein, as well as calcium, necessary to strengthen bone tissue).
No less important are meat products - it is worth giving preference to low-fat varieties of fish, meat and poultry. Vegetable protein can be obtained from beans, lentils, buckwheat, etc.
Preparing protein foods is using gentle methods of processing - products are boiled, stewed or steamed.
According to doctors in the diet for arthrosis should include such dishes as jelly and cold. Cooked on the basis of a concentrated broth, the cold contains a huge amount of collagen, which ensures the strength of bone and cartilaginous tissue. Jelly, which is based on food gelatin, has the most positive effect on joints.
Carbohydrates provide the body with energy, which is necessary for the smooth flow of metabolic processes.
Preference should be given to complex carbohydrates contained in fruits, berries and vegetables. Such carbohydrates are absorbed for a long time and therefore are an effective source of nutrition. But simple carbohydrates( sugar, sweets, etc.) should be avoided, as they provoke the appearance of excess weight, which is completely unacceptable for arthrosis.
Without fats, metabolic processes in the body slow down. However, it is worth remembering - with arthrosis, it is necessary to avoid any refractory fats( they clog the blood vessels with cholesterol plaques, which leads to worsening of the permeability of blood vessels and prevents the flow of blood).In the patient's menu must be present vegetable fats, as well as natural butter.
Vitamins and minerals
Vitamins and minerals are a part of biologically active substances( hormones, enzymes, etc.) that participate in metabolic processes. A doctor can, if necessary, prescribe a complex of vitamins and minerals to make up for the deficiency of these important elements in the body.
For patients with arthrosis, vitamins of group B are of great importance. There are many of them in such products as:
It is impossible to stop this process only with the help of a diet - full treatment is needed. However, by saturating the diet with certain components, it is possible to improve cartilage nutrition and create more comfortable conditions for its functioning. What substances are needed first?
Collagen is a special protein that is abundant in cartilage, ligaments and skin. In the articular cartilage of collagen fibers form a kind of network. It is essentially a cartilage frame, gives it strength and elasticity, allows you to compensate for the load during movement. Not surprisingly, with a lack of collagen, the cartilage becomes vulnerable.
Collagen is synthesized in the body. But with arthrosis, as a rule, it is not enough, so it is desirable to include rich foods in the diet.Diet for arthrosis. How to reduce weight and not harm the body
What to put on the table?
People with arthrosis are often advised to eat plenty of colds precisely because there is a lot of useful collagen in this dish. However, the content of cholesterol is high in the jelly. Therefore, it is desirable to eat them no more than once a week( and if you have been diagnosed with atherosclerosis or hypertension, then even less often).On other days it is better to replace the jelly with a jellied fish or fruit jelly. When they are prepared, gelatin is used, which is inherently collagen, only slightly modified.
In order for the body to produce collagen independently, it needs protein, both animal and vegetable. Therefore, the menu must necessarily be low-fat meat and fish, dairy products and legumes.
Sulfur and selenium
Sulfur is found in all cells of our body, but most of all it is in the skin and cartilage. It is involved in the production of collagen - without sulfur it simply would not form in the body. Proteoglycans, other molecules that make up cartilage tissue, would not be synthesized. In their form they are similar to dishwashing brushes, between the "bristles" of which water is located. Keeping it, these molecules provide moisture cartilage, and this greatly depends on its ability to withstand the load.Caring for the joints. Who is facing early arthrosis and how to reduce the risks of
In arthrosis, the amount of proteoglycans in the cartilage is reduced - it becomes more dry and brittle. If on this background in the body there is a deficiency of sulfur, the painful process is accelerated. Therefore, its shortage must be filled. At the same time, it is important that there are products in the menu that are rich not only in sulfur but also in selenium. Without this trace element, sulfur can not become a building material for cartilage.
What to put on the table?
Gray is rich in beef, chicken, chum, cod, sea bass. A lot of this macronutrient in eggs, legumes and cereals, radish, radishes, onions, all kinds of cabbage, apples, plums, gooseberries.
With selenium everything is somewhat more complicated. It is very much in Brazil nuts, mussels, shrimp, coconut - products that many can not afford. But it is not necessary to choose delicacies. Selenium can be obtained from eggs, milk, cod, garlic, whole grain bread. The microelement content is less in them than in seafood, but if such food is on your table regularly, problems most likely will not arise. By the way, there is one good source of selenium, which is inexpensive, - this is sea kale.Osteoarthritis: what is good for joints, and what is harmful?
Omega-3 fatty acids
Unlike arthritis, arthrosis is considered a non-inflammatory disease. In fact, against the background of destruction of articular cartilage, inflammation often occurs. It's just not as strong and pronounced as in arthritis. To reduce the risk of inflammation and reduce them, the diet should be sufficient polyunsaturated fatty acids omega-3.They not only have anti-inflammatory properties, but also activate the regenerative processes in the cartilage.
What to put on the table?
Fatty fish: herring, salmon, sardines, mackerel. They are quite caloric, so it is advisable not to add oil to them during cooking, not to fry, but to bake or cook for a couple.
Refrigerants for linen oil-based salads will be useful - there are also many omega-3 acids in it. A day is enough 1-2 teaspoons.Important Although the products have a positive effect on the joints, they can not stop the process of destruction of the cartilaginous tissue. For this, special preparations are needed from the group of chondroprotectors. They activate the regenerative processes in the cartilage, increase its hydration and strength. Most often, drugs include such components as glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate, already known to us, individually or in combination. These substances are obtained from natural sources - cartilage of animals and shells of crustaceans. Numerous studies have shown that chondroprotectors not only have a pronounced positive effect, but also have virtually no contraindications.
Nutrition for joint arthrosis: menu rules, dieting
It's no secret that proper nutrition with this disease can significantly alleviate its course, reduce inflammation and inhibit the process of wear of cartilage. It should be full and balanced, contain vitamins, minerals and, of course, - the main element for building new cartilaginous tissues, - proteins. The decisive importance is nutrition to reduce the weight of the patient, which can not but have a positive effect on his state of health. After all, fat people suffer from arthrosis much more often than not.
What is excluded?
Let's start with those products that can cause obvious harm to the patient. This, of course, is all that can increase the weight of the patient. The large mass of the body increases the load on the diseased joints, exacerbating the pathological process. Therefore, products made from wholemeal and whole milk, as well as any fatty and fried foods, other than oily fish, should be excluded.
Since nutrition for arthrosis of joints should consist of natural products as much as possible, it is also necessary to exclude synthetic products - sausages, smoked products, mayonnaise, and various semi-finished products. All this food series has the property of delaying metabolic processes in the body and thereby contributing to weight gain.
The ban also applies to any alcoholic products and too salty foods that contribute to an increase in appetite. Alcohol, in addition, also adds additional calories, and also removes from the body so necessary for calcium bones.
Therefore, laxatives and diuretics are forbidden, as well as various teas for weight loss, which also wash calcium out of the body and other useful microelements. It is absolutely unacceptable for a patient with arthrosis to accelerate the process of weight loss by fasting or applying rigid diets. The resulting loss of the necessary trace elements and proteins can result in deterioration of the joints.
What can I do?
Since the menu for arthrosis should still contain some amount of carbohydrates, you do not need to completely abandon pasta and potatoes, although their number should be limited. The use of cereals is allowed, of which the buckwheat is most useful. Animal fats should be replaced with vegetable fats.
Very useful are not too fatty dairy products in almost any form. After all, calcium, which is part of their composition, is useful for strengthening bones and joints. Of course, in the diet of the patient should be vegetables and fruits, mostly in stew or cooked.
It is recommended to take food from a small dish so that the portion appears larger. You should never overeat, and each piece should be thoroughly chewed. After eating, be sure to take a walk and take it as a rule not to have dinner after 18 hours.
What is needed?
Nutrition for arthrosis should not do without meat and fish. After all, the proteins that make up them are the main building material for cartilage tissue. Meat should be preferred to low-fat varieties, but the fish, on the contrary, must be fat. In fact, it contains a large number of polyunsaturated fatty acids Omega-3, which help restore damaged cartilage. Mineral substances, which are rich in fatty fish, serve as an additional building material for bones. When cooking, do not use oil or fat. It is best to cook meat and fish for a couple.
A favorite meat dish for an arthrosis sufferer should be a cold or jelly. It contains natural gelatin containing collagen, which is also necessary for the construction of cartilage and bone tissue. Nutritional gelatin is a natural chondroprotector and regular use of its dishes significantly improves the condition of the joints. For those who do not like the cold, you can offer the use of strong bone broth.
Nutrition for joint arthrosis must necessarily include freshly squeezed juices that contain many antioxidants that impede the aging of the body as a whole and joints in particular. They should be applied no later than 30 minutes after cooking. Especially useful is the pomegranate juice, which also has anti-inflammatory properties. Doctors say that daily consumption of 5 tablespoons of pomegranate juice a day in addition to ongoing therapy leads to a complete cure for joint problems.
Thus, the diet for arthrosis, although it has a certain specificity, but mostly corresponds to the standard dietary methods, which pursue weight reduction. It remains unchanged when different joints are affected, regardless of their location. Of course, only a diet will not cure your arthrosis completely, but in combination with medical measures will help a significant improvement in the condition and accelerate recovery.