How to treat a flat foot 2 degrees in a teenager

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Rakant Mikhail Conservative treatment & Conservative treatment of flatfoot

Is it possible to cure flat feet?| |Dr. Yolkin

When is conservative treatment applied?

Conservative treatment is performed with minimal and slightly pronounced deformities, with flatfoot I-II degrees, and also complements operational methods, constituting an essential part.

However( AND THIS IS IMPORTANT!) It can not be a full-fledged alternative to surgical treatment when it is shown.

Also described methods are applicable for some other diseases of stop-tendinitis, fasciitis and calcaneal spur, etc.

Problems of conservative treatment of

Many believe that conservative treatment can relieve the deformation of the feet once and for all, but this is not true.

Already formed deformation, whether, for example, Hallux valgus or flat-footed conservative methods of treatment can not be corrected.

But this does not mean that conservative treatment is useless! Simply applying the methods described below, we must correctly understand their purpose and the limits of their capabilities.

The development of foot deformation is a complex pathological process that affects all its anatomical formations - joints, bones, ligaments, muscles, tendons and even the skin.

The tasks of conservative treatment methods include the following:

  • Create a favorable load distribution for the foot structures. This has a positive effect on their structure and function, since the constant overstrain of individual formations leads to their premature destruction.
  • Maintain the normal function of the foot joints. With the development of degenerative changes in the joints( arthrosis of the foot joints) deformation becomes rigid and irreversible.
  • Avoid accumulation of "fatigue" changes. Chronic overstrain of ligaments, tendons and aponeuroses of the foot leads to rupture of some of their fibers, which provokes constant inflammation and associated pain.
  • Improve blood supply conditions for all foot structures. Damaged by chronic overloads, education needs a full restoration, which requires good nutrition of tissues. This is important for all foot structures, without exception.
  • Provide good skin care. Deformities of the feet adversely affect the skin condition.

Recommended methods for conservative treatment

1. Proper shoes

This does not mean a complete ban on model shoes with high heels! Just do not use it every day!

For everyday wear, use loose shoes with a low heel( 3-4 cm) and an orthopedic insoles inside( better than individual production) - these shoes can also be beautiful and stylish!

2. Careful foot care

Coarse because of rubbing the skin becomes a source of additional trouble. The corns and calluses are painful in themselves, and the cracks that appear in the skin can become a source of bacterial or fungal infection.

Foot care involves the timely removal of coarse areas of the epidermis, moisturizing the skin with nourishing creams, a massage to relieve tension. It is important to maintain the nails on the fingers in good condition.

With some deformations, the "ingrown toenail" often develops, so do not neglect a quality pedicure. In the evening it is very conducive to the full restoration of ligaments after daily exercise, the regular use of special( whirlpool) foot baths. This is also facilitated by foot massage.

For all this, well, you understand - in the SPA salon!

3. Regular gymnastics for the feet

For what?

Gymnastics stimulates blood circulation in foot tissues, and, consequently, improves their nutrition. Also exercises lead muscles and ligaments into tone and help to resist loads.

How? Here is an example:

  • To bring the muscles and ligaments in tonus every morning, arrange a warm-up for the feet: walk 5-7 minutes on a soft mat first all over the sole, then "on the socks", then on the outside and inside the sides of the foot.
  • Complete the exercises by rolling the sole of a special roller or rolling pin.
  • For a few minutes a day, use small toes with your toes: for example, rearrange the plastic cups by grasping them between the 1 and 2 toes of the foot.
  • In addition, do not neglect the possibility of walking barefoot on soft grass or sand.

4. Wearing special orthopedic devices( prosthetics)

  • There are a lot of devices in pharmacies and in stores that help to correct the position of the 1st toe. Choose soft and comfortable, not hindering the wearing of shoes.
  • Since an important component of valgus deformity is the violation of the arches of the foot, it is very important to wear individual orthopedic insoles. It is advisable to have several pairs of insoles, so as not to shift them constantly from one shoe to another. Keep in mind that after surgical correction of the deformity of the foot it is recommended to continue using the insole( it will be necessary to make new ones!)

REMEMBER!

Application of these tools will not "cure" the existing violations, but will slow the development of deformation, make walking more comfortable and, perhaps, delay the need for a visit to an orthopedic surgeon.

  • With severe deformation, the implementation of some recommendations becomes impossible, this is natural.
  • Implementation of all these recommendations is not an end in itself.
  • The deformity that continues to develop is the reason for seeking surgical treatment.

Reception and treatment of patients is carried out in the clinic FGBU Federal Bureau of Medical and Social Expertise at the address of Ivan Susanin Street, 3( reception hours and directions).

Comments are closed.

AliveJoint.ru

Treatment of flat feet in children

Flat feet( longitudinal and transverse) in children are worried about modern parents almost from the first step made by the baby. As a rule, treatment is prescribed if the flat foot persists for up to 5 years or more.

Age feature or pathology?

Approximately 3-13% of children face flat feet at a young age. In fact, this condition is physiological up to 8-9 years. If the arch disappears in the standing position and appears when climbing on socks or sitting, then it is a question of flexible flat feet. Dr. Komarovsky in his advice to young mothers tells that in children of 1 year with a strong desire, any specialist will find a flattening of the foot, as this corresponds to the normal maturation of the limb.

Attention should be paid to children who have a hereditary predisposition to foot diseases, as well as the appearance of scoliosis, clubfoot and gait disturbances. Congenital dislocation of the hip, muscular dysplasia can provoke overstrain and bending of the foot. Children with established diagnoses are observed additionally.

Injuries to the feet, rickets, congenital weakness of the muscles form the prerequisites for flat feet. Reveals a surgeon's disease before the year, but after 2 years, the strengthening of bones and ligaments continues, and should be supervised by a specialist.

The question of whether the disease is treated in children - is solved depending on the orthopedist's diagnosis. There are the following types of foot deformities:

  1. Flexible, painless platypodia does not require urgent measures. Orthopedic insertions can aggravate the situation on the contrary. Flexible platypodia is considered pathological in pain in the foot, and the formation of calluses and uneven wear of shoes are indications for treatment.
  2. Fixed flat feet - the basis for buying orthopedic shoes to prevent pain. It is recommended to prevent overweight and maintain a healthy lifestyle.

Worries about how to cure a child, it is necessary for discomfort or pronounced symptoms:

  • Strong stomping of the heel on one side.
  • Visible changes in the gait.

The child can refuse to walk and run, not to participate in games that require a lot of stress on his legs. When complaining of pain, you should consult an orthopedist.

How do pediatricians diagnose?

Having looked at the leg with the naked eye, an experienced orthopedist can reveal flat feet. He watches the movement of the foot during walking, sitting, standing or doing exercises, and also examines the child's shoes and the specifics of wear.

In severe cases, you will need to make an X-ray to determine the degree of deformation. The doctor directs to examine the knees and hips of the child from the surgeon in order to exclude the influence of other limb flaws on the shape of the foot.

When is treatment required?

Most of the children outgrow the problem, and the doctor will advise you to come for follow-up visits. To reduce pain, insoles, inserts and orthopedic shoes are used, which is prescribed by a specialist.

Operations are rarely performed until the skeleton is fully formed. At this age, plastic tendons do not work. Subtalar arthritis for the formation of the arch is performed only with the intensifying nature of pain, since a side effect may be degenerative arthritis in the future.

Prevention - the best treatment

Concerns about how to treat flat feet in children, is dispelled by the doctor's answer - to strengthen the muscles of the legs. In case of obvious deformation, the complex of exercise therapy should be developed by the instructor and carried out under his guidance.

However, some simple tips can be recommended to every adult to protect the child:

  1. To do with infancy is easy foot massage from flat feet.
  2. Let the child walk on pebbles, sand, grass or purchase a special mat that provides massage and helps the foot to develop properly.
  3. Buy shoes from leather, with a small heel and a hard back.
  4. To put at home a sports corner for outdoor games.
  5. Buy a baby bike, write down for swimming.

Children with diagnosed flatfoot are strictly forbidden to skate, attend ballet and engage in weightlifting.

It is worthwhile to act actively at an early age, so that anxiety about how to cure a disease in adolescents was not belated.

Home gymnastics from flat feet - the main way to strengthen the legs:

  1. Breeding the toes on the legs while sitting or standing. Hold the maximum dilution point for 10 seconds, repeat the exercise 10 times.
  2. Point things out in the room with your toes. Select the object, point the fingers of the elongated leg, bend the knee and hold on for 5 seconds. Draw letters of the alphabet with each foot.
  3. Walk on the socks for 5 minutes every day, trying not to touch the floor with heels. You can use a treadmill.
  4. Walking on the outside of the feet. Get up barefoot on the floor or carpet, put your feet on the width of your shoulders, slightly bend at the knees. Roll the body weight onto the outer edges of the foot and slowly climb to the socks, feeling the tension of the entire longitudinal arch. Hold for 5 seconds and repeat 5 times a day.
  5. Walking on sand barefoot. This allows the legs to adapt to the loads and strengthen.

Is it possible to fix a defect in adolescence?

Increasingly, there are questions about how to treat flat feet in adolescents, when the process is started and cascade anomalies have appeared: ankle, knees, hip joints. To the surgeon lead the child in occasion of a curvature of a backbone or a basin, and learn about deformation of foot.

Than before to be engaged in prophylaxis, the more noticeable the effect will be. Up to 12-13 years, the deformation of the feet is correctable. Dangerous flat feet in that the poor cushioning function of the plantar arch leads to rapid deterioration of the spine, osteochondrosis, and this affects the work of internal organs.

Further treatment of flat feet in adolescents is the use of instep arresters and surgical intervention for significant pain.

The task of parents is to catch the ailment at a stage when correction is still permissible. Therefore, visits to the orthopedist should not be "for a tick", and physical activity should be allowed into the life of the child from the kindergarten.

NashyNogi.ru

Many people recklessly refer to minor flaws, not counting it as a disease. At the same time, developing flat feet can not only cause pain and discomfort, but also provoke the appearance of other diseases. There are longitudinal and transverse flatfoot, differing in the direction of changes in the geometry of the foot, its "flattening".

The causes of flatfoot

Symptoms and methods of treatment are almost independent of the causes of flatfoot. At the same time it is important to know, because of what such a defect can develop, in order to take preventive measures in time.

Static flatfoot

Static flatfoot can be called a modern disease, because its reasons include a small physical activity, uncomfortable high-heeled shoes, overweight. Summarizing all these factors, we can say that the most common( more than 80% of cases) type of flatfoot is associated with lethargy, atrophy and weakness of muscles and leg ligaments.

Traumatic platypodia

Flattening is a fairly common consequence of ankle, ankle and other leg injuries. Flat feet can be caused by deformation of the tissues fixing the arches of the feet, or be the result of improper treatment of trauma, violation of the rehabilitation regime after trauma.

Flattening as a consequence of the transferred diseases

Some diseases that disrupt the functioning and development of muscles, bone and ligaments, can cause flat feet.

  • Paralytic platypodia. Among the frequent consequences of poliomyelitis - paralysis of muscle tissue sites. In cases where the pathology extends to the tibial muscles or the muscles of the foot, paralysis causes a paralytic flat foot( paralytic flat foot).
  • Ricky flatfoot. The weakening of the bone system during rickets inevitably affects the development of muscle tissue and connective tissue. The combination of these phenomena often leads to deformation of the feet and rachitic flat feet.

Congenital platypodia

Congenital flat feet are extremely rare - about 3% of all known cases of the disease. Among other things, this is explained by the complexity of the diagnosis of flatfoot in newborns - up to 4-5 years, children's feet are equipped with fat pads, which do not allow to get a full demonstration impression of the foot.

Impressions of a cream-stained or color-staining foot are one of the simplest and most common ways of determining the presence and degree of flatfoot. The second effective method is an X-ray, which is not recommended for small children without emergency. In addition, the discomfort and pain caused by flatfoot, the newborn baby can not experience.

The cause of intrauterine development of flat feet can be imbalance in the diet of a pregnant woman, which does not allow the full development of connective tissue in the child's body. In addition, the cause of congenital platypodia can become diseases that have been transferred during pregnancy.

Typical features of flattened 2 degree

If the flat feet of the first degree is practically asymptomatic and can be detected only with an X-ray or by indirect evidence, the disease developed to the second degree should be urgently treated. It is important to consult a specialist orthopedist who will put an accurate diagnosis and recommend the most effective technique. The reasons for an emergency treatment of flatfoot 2 degrees are somewhat:
  • It is at this stage of flatfoot that painful sensations appear in the legs and lower back. In some cases, flat feet can be the cause of headaches.
  • With flat feet of the second degree there are visually noticeable leg defects: increase in size, deformation. In addition, flat feet can provoke curvature of toes, formation of callous growths, ingrowth of nails.
  • Flat feet of the second degree can spoil the gait and posture, there is clubfoot, uncertainty when walking.
  • It is at the second stage that the flat foot progresses most intensively, therefore, having missed the moment, it will be necessary to deal with a flat-footed third degree and more serious disorders.
Flattening of 2 degrees can cause the appearance of edema, and hence, the violation of water-exchange processes in the body.

Treatment of flatfoot of the second degree

To cure a flat foot 2 degrees, at first glance, it is not difficult. Unfortunately, not all have the patience to follow the doctor's recommendations without interruptions. The complexity of treatment lies in its duration, however, it is precisely this that guarantees that the painful sensations and external manifestations of the disease will remain in the past.

Massage for the treatment of flat feet

Massage and self-massage of the feet is an effective and effective way to restore normal circulation of the legs in the shortest time, which will help restore muscles and ligaments. Special massage movements are able to stimulate muscle tissue, restoring its functionality

Combating flat feet with water procedures

Contrast baths are also able to restore blood circulation and metabolic processes in the tissues of the legs. Contraindications to such procedures are cardiovascular diseases and hypertension.

How to cure a flat foot 2 degree gymnastics?

As a home gymnastics for the treatment of flat feet can also be the usual walking barefoot. It is best to restore feet walking on uneven surfaces( sand, pebbles, a special massage mat).Effective exercises are the kicking of balls of various sizes, picking up small objects with your toes. Walking on socks and on the heels, stretching socks, circular movements of feet, flexion and extension of legs in the ankles are also aimed at combating flatfoot.

Best if home gymnastics is an addition to the complex of exercises recommended by the orthopedist. The specialists determine the most effective movements and calculate the load based on the patient's individual data: age, weight, general health, etc.

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bolivspine.com

Flat-foot 2degree

Platypodia of the second degree is often also called moderately pronounced or intermittent. In this stage of the disease, the deformities of the foot are already noticeable to the layman and require immediate treatment.

Symptoms of flatfoot of the second degree

Others note that the patient has serious gait disturbances. Perhaps the appearance of clubfoot, the steps are heavy. And to the man himself, the flat feet of the 2nd degree causes considerable inconvenience. These are pains in the foot, often giving up in the lower leg. At the same time, discomfort is felt almost constantly, and not only after long walks or physical exertion. The surface of the foot becomes flat, flattened. The vault is less and less noticeable. All these changes are caused by loss of muscle elasticity. Often, at the second stage, painful sensations are so bright that the patient tries to limit as much as possible in walking and spend less and less time on his legs. Because of the change in shape and the relief of the foot, the choice of shoes is quite problematic.

How is flat-foot 2 degree treatment treated?

Despite the severity of the disease, surgical treatment is used in exceptional situations. More often to the third degree flat feet try to treat conservative methods. It is mandatory to select orthopedic shoes in accordance with individual physiological changes. You should also use special insoles and foot pads, they will reduce discomfort and prevent the formation of corns. Effective for the treatment of flatfoot in the second stage is a combination of massage techniques and manual therapy. At the time of treatment, it is necessary to limit the time spent on legs, to give up long walks and to wear tight shoes with heels. Among the ways to treat flat feet of the 2nd degree, the same is considered therapeutic gymnastics. The best results are given by complexes that include not only exercises for strengthening the muscles of the foot and legs, but also giving the back to the correct position, which form the posture. The patient can also increase the effect of therapy with domestic activities. The simplest flexion-extension of fingers, the capture of small objects by them, the riding of the feet on the floor of studded balls and walking barefoot all contribute to a speedy recovery.

Physiotherapy methods for the treatment of flatfoot

Treatment of flat feet is based on strengthening the muscles of the foot. It is for this reason that it will not work without proper physical exertion. Good results are given by swimming. In this case, the style is unimportant, the most important thing is the pedal produced by the foot. Take into account that at the second degree of the disease, activities can be accompanied by unpleasant sensations. It is necessary to begin with short training, gradually increasing their duration. The most correct answer to the question of how to cure a flat foot 2 degrees will be the recommendation to engage in different sports. However, if the deformation of the foot already takes place, it is worth not to skate and other sports that require specific shoes and give strong loads on the legs.

Children's flat feet 2 degrees

Talking about the diagnosis of flat feet in children makes sense from the age of three. The thing is that in the first years the child only learns to walk correctly, and the "irregular" form of the foot can be observed as a temporary and non-dangerous phenomenon. Quite often flat feet of 2 degrees in children appears in adolescence, after any diseases or because of hormonal changes taking place in the body. Treatment is conducted in the same way as in adults, until about 6 years old children are not trying to prescribe orthopedic shoes and insoles.

prostopy.ru

How to treat a flat foot 2-nd degree, I weigh 59Kg. How to treat a flat-footed 2nd degree, I weigh 59Kg.

hallus valgus

Orthopedics, podiatrists( not paediatricians, and podiatrists), and some masseurs engaged in the treatment of flatfoot
are treating flatfoot. Flatfoot, if it is strong, one must try to cure
With a strong degree of flatfoot and with heavy loads on the legs, unfortunately, in adolescentsand adults will often get aching legs, and even a head. At least fatigue is much higher
Because flatfoot sharply reduces depreciation and there is a strong overload of the spinal cord and brain
With flat feet, the spine suffers.
Treatment must include
- Massage with an experienced masseur
- LFK( persistent and daily)
( like the heels, on the toes, on the inside and the inside of the foot)
A very important exercise is to bend and unbend fingers( as if in a fist)
Roll rolling-bottle-tube with pressure
And not only along, but also across!
Massage mat( toddle)
- If there is already a flatfoot, it may be required Supinators.(But, better made especially for you or at least matched for you)
and it is very ambiguous whether they should always be worn. It's like glasses.
I have goggles, and then you can not remove it-it may be more appropriate to spend some time TRAINING by walking without the insteps or in other insteps.
. You can also see my site about the treatment of flatfoot and "bones"
( blanks in hallus-valgus.. ru)
For prevention it is very important to walk barefoot, but not on the floor, not on the asphalt, but on the uneven surface( pebbles, cones, grass)
For physical education and sports it is advisable to buy good sneakers, and not run with bad sneakers or casual"Chuvaki".
You are probably wondering, but how objectively you measure the flat-footed
Here is the answer to this question: httpd: //otvet.mail.ru/question/63121079/
There in detail about many methods + photo
If there are questions, write personally

Galina Zhigunova

No, this is a cross for life. At the very flat feet of the third degree, I'm going to suffer with it for 38 years. I went to the orthopedic center, they told me: "Up to 8 years have not been corrected, nothing will be done."

Miss Blonde

Insoles, massage( 2 times a year).do not wear high heels, exercise.

How to get rid of flat feet.2 degree.17 years. Can I fix it and how? I ask to write how, who really helped

hallus valgus

Flat feet, if it is strong, you should try to cure
At 17, it is still possible.
With a strong degree of flatfoot and with heavy loads on the legs, unfortunately, adolescents and adults will often get aching legs, and even a head. At least fatigue is much higher
Because flatfoot sharply reduces depreciation and there is a strong overload of the spinal cord and brain
With flat feet, the spine suffers.
Treatment must include
- Massage with an experienced masseur
- LFK( persistent and daily)
( like heels, on the toes, on the inside and the inside of the foot)
A very important exercise is to bend and unbend fingers( as if in a fist)
Roll rolling-bottle-tube with pressure
And not only along, but also across!
Massage mat( toddle)
- If there is already a flatfoot, it may be necessary Supinators.(But, better done specially for you or at least matched for you)
and it is very ambiguous whether they should always be worn. It's like glasses.
I have goggles, and then you can not remove it-it may be more appropriate to use the time for TRAINING the stops by walking without the insteps or in other insteps.
. You can also see my site about the treatment of flatfoot and "bones"
( spaces in hallus-valgus.. ru)
For prevention it is very important to walk barefoot, but not on the floor, not on asphalt, but on uneven surfaces( pebbles, cones, grass).
For physical education and sports it is advisable to buy good sneakers, and not run with bad sneakers or casual"Chuvaki".

AbraKadabra!: -)

Barefoot in summer in the rocks, sand, seashells walk. In winter, a round cylinder with spines is to be rolled around with legs - it will also help.

Slavon Pavlov

here you need patience a lot. Take the rug, put it down. You get on the mat with your heels. And then you start to pull yourself forward with your fingers and the front part of your foot. One call-five meters three times. It helps, but you need to do it for some time

Olga Pavlova

There are special insoles for sale.

how about to heal the combined flat foot of the 2nd degree with the insole?

hallus valgus

if "treated" only with insoles, in fact. .. all life
It's like glasses. You dress and walk. ..
But if at 14 you start hard exercises, do massage courses, then after about one and a half years you can significantly improve from the 2-degree to the 1st or even almost healthy state, depending on the characteristics of your body, fromheredity
Flatfoot, if it is strong, one must try to cure
With a strong degree of flatfoot and with heavy loads on the legs, unfortunately, teenagers and adults will often get aching legs, and even a head.
At least fatigue is much higher
Because flatfoot sharply reduces depreciation and there is a strong overload of the spinal cord and brain
With flat feet, the spine suffers.
Treatment must include
- Massage with an experienced masseur
- LFK( persistent and daily)
( like the heels, on the toes, on the inside and the inside of the foot)
A very important exercise is to bend and unbend fingers( as if in a fist)
Roll rolling-bottle-tube with pressure
And not only along, but also across!
Massage mat( toddle)
- If there is already a flatfoot, it may be necessary Supinators.(But, better done specially for you or at least matched for you)
and it is very ambiguous whether they should always be worn. It's like glasses.
I have goggles, and then you can not remove it-it may be more expedient to use the time for TRAINING by walking without the insteps or in other insteps.
. You can also see my site about the treatment of flatfoot and "bones"
( spaces in hallus-valgus.. ru)
For prevention, it is very important to walk barefoot, but not on the floor, not on asphalt, but on uneven surfaces( pebbles, cones, grass).
With transverse flatfoot( not common, which everyone knows, but in transverse, that is, underfingers) there is a curvature of the big toeand the so-called "bone" grows. If so, many I strongly advise in summer( at least part of the time) in open sandals. And with a hard back, a wide heel 2-3 cm, bending sole and with half-open fingers, so as not to press anything of the metatarsophalangeal joint( the "bone" region).
More please, please, answershttp: //otvet.mail.ru/question/79042127/ http: //otvet.mail.ru/question/80923542/

Elena

All life

Nebelyng

is a chronic disease and it is not treated, and insoles do not allow it to progress( I myself go with it)

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