Pediatric flatfoot massage
Pediatric flatfoot massage
Flat feet - this is a deformity of the foot, which is accompanied by the lowering of its arches - longitudinal or transverse. Frontal lobe is usually diagnosed in children during adolescence, but it can also occur in younger children, it is difficult to detect the presence of deformity until the age of three, because during this period the feet of all children, even healthy ones, are flattened.
Clinic of the disease
At the time of the birth of the child, the arch of the foot is filled with a fatty layer, which makes the foot itself even. Over time, the interlayer disappears and the correct shape of the vault appears.
Causes of flatfoot development in children
Before talking about ways to eliminate flatfoot, you need to understand the reasons that can cause it. There are several:
- congenital pathology is the most rare cause of flat feet in children, it accounts for only 3% of the total number of cases;
- prolonged wearing of shoes - numerous studies conducted by medical workers and doctors of sciences have shown that children who walk barefoot much less often suffer from flat feet than those who are constantly in shoes;
- poor quality and uncomfortable shoes - the very fact of constant wearing of shoes increases the risk of flat feet, if the shoes are also uncomfortable, the risk increases several times;
- low physical activity - modern children are increasingly changing their walks on the street for a while at the computer monitor. In this regard, the muscles of the foot become weaker, and can not protect it from the load during walking or running. As a consequence - flat feet;
- improper diet - it is also attributed to factors contributing to the development of flatfoot, so it is very important to monitor the full nutrition of the child, enrich it with products containing phosphorus and calcium.
Degrees of flatfoot
After the causes of flatfoot development are listed, you can proceed to the methods of its elimination. It should be noted that the earlier the flat foot is revealed, the more effective will be its treatment.
Therefore, you need to watch very carefully the child, it is obligatory to seek the help of a specialist if it is noticed that the toddler is clumsy or makes an emphasis on the inside of the foot while walking - this feature of the gait immediately catches the eye, can not go unnoticed.
Orthopedic insoles are considered one of the most effective ways to combat flatfoot. They are made of elastic material, so do not give the child uncomfortable sensations while walking. Such insoles can be used to prevent flat feet and treat existing deformities.
In the first case, insoles are bought in regular specialized stores, and in the latter case they are made by a qualified orthopedist on the basis of a foot impression or its computer model. Accordingly, the insole used to treat flatfoot, can not be used repeatedly, especially by other children.
Therapeutic physical training
LFK is also considered a very effective way to eliminate flat feet in a child. Exercises are represented by a very wide complex, so they can be selected only by a highly qualified specialist who has the proper education. The complex of exercises includes walking. It is performed on the socks, heels, and the lateral part of the foot.
LFK with flatfoot
There are also many exercises with objects - balls, walking sticks, etc. Regardless of which complex of exercises is chosen for a specific child, the task of exercise therapy remains unchanged - strengthening the muscles and ligaments of the foot.
It is known that the human foot is held in the correct position due to the muscles and ligaments that support it by contraction and elongation under the influence of loads. And if these muscles are relaxed, not strong enough, the arch of the foot begins to deform, flat feet develop.
Accordingly, in order for the foot to have an anatomically correct shape, you need to strengthen its muscles and ligaments, you can do it yourself, doing certain exercises, leading a healthy lifestyle, and also with the help of a massage, which can only be done by qualified specialists.
Based on the above, it is possible to outline the main goals, which can be achieved by massage with flat feet in children: muscle strengthening;the removal of muscle tension and fatigue, which occurs in the course of a long stay in an upright position;reduction of pain syndrome;restoring the spring functions of the foot.
Also during the professional massage improves lymph and blood circulation, which also has a beneficial effect on the condition of the foot, the whole body.
It should be noted that foot massage is considered one of the most effective methods of preventing flat feet, but no less effective in the complex therapy aimed at its treatment.
As for the method of performing a child's massage, all manipulations are performed in the position of the child - lying on the back. After some time the child turns over on the stomach - the massage continues.
During manipulations, such techniques as stroking, kneading, rubbing and vibration are used. Particular attention is paid to the muscles of the lower leg and the foot. The rate of massage with flat feet suggests about 15 sessions, depending on the degree of deformation. Massage is performed every other day.
Usually the whole massage procedure is divided into two parts. Initially, a general massage is done before the lesson of therapeutic gymnastics. After completing the exercises for another 5 minutes, it is recommended to do a restorative massage.
Regarding the succession of the therapeutic massage, initially the massage is performed by the massage of the gastrocnemius muscle. Next, the transition to the Achilles tendon, then - to the outside of the shin. After that, a massage is performed, aimed at warming the back of the foot. Next - massage soles.
Massage of the sole
After some time, during which the calf muscle is performed, the masseur again returns to the warm-up of the foot. In this case, depending on the leg area on which the massage is performed, the technique of its implementation and the techniques used differ. Therefore, such manipulations can only be trusted by specialists.
In order for the procedures to be effective, the child is recommended to additionally perform physical exercises from the exercise therapy, which are also aimed at strengthening the muscles of the foot. It can be walking on heels and toes, on the back side of the foot, as well as manipulation with balls, rubber pear. In addition, especially useful in this case will be riding a bike, walking barefoot on sand or pebbles.
Many children suffering from flat feet, in combination with massage procedures are recommended to sign for swimming. In this case, the strengthening of the muscles and ligaments of the foot will occur in a shorter period, and the result will become more noticeable.
A child should provide high-quality shoes, equipped with a supinator, necessary to maintain the inner arch of the foot. Also need to remember - the back of the shoes should be high with lacing.
Only with an integrated approach to fighting flatfoot, treatment will be successful. To correct deformity of the foot in childhood is quite simple, regardless of its degree.
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Massage with flat feet in children
Flattening is the straightening of the longitudinal arch of the foot and increasing the load on its inner edge. Most often in children, a flat-valgus development of the foot is observed, since the bones of babies are still easily distorted and affected.
Foot massage with flat feet
Flat feet in children will help you overcome the healing and preventive massage. You can make it to any child. With its help, you can correctly place the arch of the foot, reduce pain and muscle fatigue, improve blood circulation and overall well-being.
Massage with flat feet is done every other day for a month, each session takes at least a quarter of an hour. Single lessons will not allow you to succeed.
Pediatric flat feet massage involves massaging the entire surface of the foot, not only directly affecting the sole area, since the disease involves a significant strain on all muscle groups that need to be relaxed. In this case, considerable attention should be paid to the anterior and posterior surfaces of the tibia, and then to the foot.
Massage video for flat feet in children
Massage of gastrocnemius muscle should be done by light stroking movements in the foot area. Bring it all in the form of a game. Put your baby on the stomach and pound the foot, while pressing slightly with your fingers.
For massaging the calcaneal tendon, you can use a special rubber orthopedic mat or take on work yourself and with light circular, directed movements to rub the foot from the heel to the fingertips.
When correcting flat feet in children, you should massage the external side of the shin, laying the child on the back with the roller under your feet. In this case, it is necessary to rub the fingers in the area of the pads and phalanges, and also to stroke the feet in a circular fashion.
Then the back of the sole is stimulated with circular massage movements of the upper side of the foot to the ankle and in the opposite direction. Massaging it should be especially careful, since this is the most vulnerable area. Massage of the sole is carried out by rubbing and circular action on the tips of the fingers and heels.
Pediatric flat-valgus foot massage, video
Valgus flatfoot is a deviation of the main axis of the foot, with a significant deformation of the arches when the heel bone looks outward. In everyday life, this deviation is called "clubfoot."Depending on the type of deformation, attention is given to the most problematic areas.
With such flat feet in children, massage is performed on 20 procedures every day, with breaks between courses for 2-4 weeks, with the greatest impact in the middle of the course. It is done neatly, without painful sensations to achieve a complete relaxing effect. The most effective for valgus feet will be a massage with various concomitant general strengthening procedures.
Plane-tootopia exercises in children
A flat-foot massage for children is supplemented by a set of exercises, since everything in aggregate allows you to achieve positive results much faster.
Therapeutic exercises should be done several times a day, breaking the complex into parts, paying special attention to the development of the correct position of the legs when walking.
The main exercises are: walking on the outer and inner edges of the foot, lifting on socks, walking on a ribbed board and a relief surface, gripping the toes of small objects, picking up the toes of a fabric, sitting "in Turkish", squats. Exercises on the massage mat in the water have a strengthening effect without unnecessary load, giving the child a lot of fun.
Flat-footed child: causes, consequences, methods of treatment. Massage and gymnastics with flatfoot
Flattening in the child - a very common disease of the musculoskeletal system. In fact - this deformation of the foot of the child with the flattening of its arch. Usually deformed in the children longitudinal arch of the foot, because of this the sole becomes flat and begins its entire surface to touch the floor. The consequences of flat feet of children can be very bad for their health and development of the body.
• HOW TO IDENTIFY PLANESHIP IN THE CHILD?
It is possible to determine exactly whether there is a flatfoot in a child, only when he is about five years old, or rather six. Why is it so, because it is desirable to fight with flat feet in children from the smallest age, the earlier, the better? Firstly, up to a certain age in children, the bone apparatus of the foot is not strengthened, in part it is a cartilaginous structure, the muscles and ligaments of the foot are weak, easily subject to stretching, therefore it is impossible to determine the flat feet of the child. Secondly, the soles of the small child seem flat, as the recess of the arch is filled with a soft fat pad, and masks the bone base of the foot.
In the case of normal development of the musculoskeletal system, the arch of the foot acquires the necessary shape for correct functioning by the age of 5-6 years. But in some cases, there is a deviation in development, and flat feet appear.
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- How to determine the flat feet of a child, or to make sure that everything goes well, if the baby is not yet five years old?
To determine the flat feet in a child can be as follows: lubricate the baby's feet with watercolor paints or conventional sunflower oil and place it neatly on a sheet of white paper that absorbs oil well. Distract the attention of the baby for a minute and a half so that he stands still. Then remove the child from the paper and carefully look at the footprints obtained.
If the traces are printed in the form of a "bean" - you can not worry, it's quite normal. In healthy children, this is how it should be: the arches of the children's feet are slightly raised, while moving and walking they carry a spring function.
If the entire footprint is imprinted entirely - you have something to worry about, there is a predisposition of the child to flat feet, pay attention to it until it's too late. And if your child is 6 years old you often hear that he is tired with long walking, complains of frequent pain in his legs, then you just need to consult an orthopedic doctor.
If we consider the ratio of the narrowest part of the track to the widest, the arch of the foot is considered normal when it is 1: 4, flattened, at a ratio of 2: 4, and flat at 3: 4.
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• CAUSES OF PLANE-STOP, FACTORS AFFECTING ITS DEVELOPMENT
Factors influencing the development of flatfoot are:
- 1. heredity( when someone in the family had or has the disease, it is necessary to be especially cautious: the baby should be regularly inspectedto the orthopedic doctor and take preventive measures),
- 2. Wearing the "wrong" shoe( completely without heel on the flat sole, too wide or narrow shoes),
- 3. Excessive stress on the feet( for example, with increased body weight or frequentraiseii weights),
- 4. excessive hypermobility( flexibility) joints,
- 5. muscle paralysis leg and foot( polio or cerebral palsy),
- 6. rickets,
- 7. Stop injury.
The existing causes of flatfoot often lead to serious health complications.
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• WHAT IS DANGEROUS FLAT?CONSEQUENCES OF FLATSHIP OF CHILDREN
Sometimes, parents are completely unaware of the seriousness of the disease, since at first it is not noticeable at all and does not seem to have a significant negative impact on the baby at first glance. It would seem that this is just such a feature, how dangerous is the flatfoot? However, this error can lead to serious consequences of flat feet of children and lead to a sad development of events.
The presence of flat feet disrupts the "spring" functions of the foot, the depreciation practically disappears altogether, and all the "recoil"( shake) occurs when walking on the shin and hip joints, which can lead to arthrosis. That is why the flat feet of a child must necessarily be prevented, if possible, and treated without fail.
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• TREATMENT OF FLAT SCHOOL IN CHILDREN
To combat flat feet in children, apply gentle methods of therapy. Physiotherapeutic treatment of flat feet in children, manual therapy, physiotherapy, special massage and gymnastics with flat feet in a child are preferred. Medication is prescribed in extreme cases, as an anesthetic and drugs to treat the effects of flat feet children. In therapy, in addition to many side effects and an inability to remove the cause of the disease, it can only aggravate it.
- Shoes with flat feet
To the suffering flatfoot child, the orthopedist always appoints special footwear for wearing: suitable in size, made of natural materials, with a hard back and clear fixation on the leg, and, of course, with a small heel. Individual insoles are selected for the insoles, taking into account the specific shape of the baby's foot.
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• TREATMENT OF FLAT SCHOOL IN CHILDREN: MASSAGE AND MANUAL THERAPY
The first methods to combat flat feet in children are soft-tissue techniques of massage and manual therapy. Use special techniques that are aimed at strengthening the muscles that tighten the arch of the foot, and improve its blood supply. Massage with flat feet of the child should also have a mild effect on the ligamentous apparatus and joints, and correct the foot and ankle of the child resulting from the deformity.
In view of the fact that the flat feet of a child has a negative effect on the bones, joints of the legs and lower parts of the spine, it is advisable in the process of treating flat feet in children to pay attention to the condition of the spine and the musculoskeletal system. Massage and gymnastics with flat feet in a child must use these systems of the body.
Often the disease provokes the development of scoliosis( curvature of the spine).In case of detection of other pathologies of the musculoskeletal system, the physician should prescribe a therapeutic massage at the flat feet of the child, special gymnastics and exercises with flat feet in the child, and in some cases a course of manual therapy is necessary. The techniques of manual therapy will help the physician to work directly on the suffering spine from the absence of depreciation, relieve tension in it and eliminate the asymmetry of the sacrum, which sometimes arises with flat feet and can become the root cause of curvature of the spine.
• How to do a massage with a flatfoot child?
With flat feet, the massage is carried out on the legs of the baby directly, as well as on the buttocks 1 time in 1.5 months, and in combination with additional measures of violation of the child's posture - once every 3-4 months, focusing on the back, waist and abdomen.
Massage with flat feet of a child should be carried out as follows:
- Foot massage
For the beginning rub your palm or palm to rub the plantar part, from the heel to the fingers. We knead fingers and the whole foot with the thumb. Then with the thumb pad "draw" the figure 7 on the foot, from the base of the thumb to the base of the little finger and then along the outside of the foot in the direction of the heel.
Then rub the interdigital intervals of the foot on its back surface and circular movements of the condyles( in the lower part of the tibia the bony protuberances).
Next, you need to make a turn of the foot: we fix the leg with one hand for the condyles, grasping it from behind, and the second hand move smoothly along the inner side of the foot, starting from the heel to the fingers. In the process, we unfold the foot outward and slightly raise the zone of the thumb of the baby's legs upward.
- Shin massage
Now you can carry out the massage of the shin. With palms, stroke, rub and knead both sides of the shin, focusing on its inner surface, pinching and flicking with fingertips. Massage the lower leg from the ankle in the direction of the knee joint.
- Massage of thighs and buttocks
Massage of thighs and buttocks do without special accents: stroke, rub and knead the muscles of the thigh along the bone, and massage the buttocks in any direction. The only supplement is the mandatory inclusion of vibration elements( pinch, flick with the edge of the palm, shake).
- Back massage at flat feet of the child practically does not differ from the massaging of other parts of the body, the nuance here is a more thorough and long grinding of the muscles of the back and waist, kneading( especially the sacral "triangle") and the use of vibratory techniques( percussion techniques in the fieldbacks should be done without affecting the kidney area of the child).
An important element for the treatment of flat feet in children is gymnastics exercises.
Parents should understand that flat foot is an ailment which, in the absence of adequate therapy, full-fledged flat feet treatment in children with massage, gymnastics, and other methods, leads to serious health complications and significant deformities of the foot bones, and in addition to diseases of the musculoskeletalapparatus. Modern and timely therapy, treatment of flat feet in children at home, prevention of the disease, restore the health of the child and confidence in their own attractiveness.
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• TREATMENT OF FLAT SCHOOL IN CHILDREN: EXERCISES
Treatment of flat feet exercises on the leg muscles, as strengthening them, we do not allow it to develop. Actually exercises and massages at kids in very small age, are able to prevent the manifestation of flat feet in the future.
From an early age, it is necessary to identify and carry out the prevention of this disease. For preventive purposes use many different means:
- 1. Strengthening the whole body in general, including through proper nutrition of the child,
- 2. physical activity, exercise,
- 3. sufficient stay in the fresh air,
- 4. special exercises forflat feet in the child.
• How to perform exercises with flat feet in a child?
The most important is the correct selection of the child's shoes. She should sit on the leg clearly. She should have a small heel( 5-8 mm), well, of course, an elastic insole inside, and a strong, hard back.
However, the exercises will be more useful if they are performed barefoot, and if possible, several times daily. One lesson can be done in the morning, immediately after lifting and carrying out the morning procedures, the next - after lunch.
In addition, there are recommendations, every day before going to bed, to keep 3-5 minutes of foot in water at room temperature. The main thing is do not overcool and do not chill the baby, but it's better to accustom gradually to such procedures, first just pour your feet with room water, and then day after day, build up a little time.
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• Playing exercises with flat feet in a child
Of course, try not to miss the summer: on a good day, let the child run barefoot on the ground, water, sand, sharp pebbles. Excellent preventive benefit will be from walking barefoot legs on a special therapeutic mat with pebbles.
For the purpose of prevention, you can teach your child different games containing elements of correction, and presented in an interesting form. This approach will help the child to have a good posture. In particular, you can use the following games.
- "Who is more clever?"
With the baby, who has grown up to 1.5-2 years old, you can start the game exercises, such as, for example, "who carries the pillow on his head longer".The pillow should be selected approximately 10x10 cm in size, and sew in it peas, lentils or any other cereals. Wearing a pillow on your head can help fix your posture or support the correctness of its formation at any age.
- Spots with a vise
Kids run to the sides. The one who leads them runs, trying to stain someone. But you can not stain someone who can and will have time to sit down on your toes, straightening your back, bending your arms in your elbows, squeezing your fingers, and pointing upwards. Very useful position.
- Sideways with sipping
Children run up, as usual. But now from the guide you can "save yourself" by standing on your toes and raising your arms, as if stretching. The one who is stained is a new one.
• Therapeutic gymnastics: exercises with flat feet in a child
Exercise No. 1. Walking on socks. Correct posture is required: hands on the belt, head straight, slightly bend.
Exercise No. 2. Walking on the outside of the foot: press your fingers inside, put your feet when walking parallel to each other.
Exercise # 3. Walking on any ribbed surface( "washing" board, for example).Stamping on the ribbed board is very useful. Place the board at a slope of 30 degrees on some support.
Exercise # 4. Walking on the spot without taking off socks from the floor. At the same time you need to try to raise the heels higher.
Exercise # 5. Walking on a stick sideways, or just over a thick cord.
Exercise No. 6. The rolls from the toe to the heel, while it is better to stand on a stick or cord, but it is possible and simple on any hard surface.
Exercise # 7. Walking with the rolls made from the heel to the toe. Keep the body straight, do not lower your head. It is very important to make a recovery with a heel.
Exercise No. 8. Rolling a stick forward and backward with stops. The stick should be about 3 cm in diameter. The exercise should be carried out sitting, but with an emphasis on the legs.
Exercise # 9. Raise the body to the toes with a full foot drop. In this case, the feet stand so that the big toes together, and the heels apart.
Exercise No. 10. Squats with feet on toes. You can hold on to the support for balance.
Exercise No. 11. Very good gymnastics with flat feet in a child in a sitting position. You need to sit on the floor, make emphasis with your hands behind, and then grab your toes with some small objects( sticks, cord, balls), and shift them left and right. Then you can grab items larger than the inner arches stop - pin, ball, pull them to yourself, pass next to the seated.
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It is recommended that the child after the sleep knead the feet before standing up: sitting, unbend and bend the toes of the feet, raise the legs,stop, massage the lifting of one leg of the other.
Will help to strengthen the arches of feet, climbing bare feet on the gymnastics ladder, the rope. Walking on a board, a log, a rocking bridge not only develops the arch of the foot, but also has a good effect on preventing flat feet and clubfoot development in children.
Climbing barefoot on a gymnastic or rope ladder will help to strengthen the ligaments and muscles of the feet, ankle joints, toes, and develop in the child agility, courage, determination. Above all, do not overestimate the capabilities of your baby, take into account his individual abilities. And then he will be healthy and happy!
Pediatric massage with flat feet
Massage: on the inner surface of the foot and shin muscles are overgrown and relaxed. First massage is carried out on the inner surface of the foot. Stroking of each finger( 1 and 2 fingers), interosseous gaps, pincer stroking along the inner edge of the foot, stroking the ankle joint with the thumbs, transition to the interosseous interval, the inner edge of the shin, spiral grinding, gum-grinding including fingers, transition to the shank with ring grinding, gummed kneading, vibration - effleurage, chopping, puncturing.https: //www.youtube.com/ watch? V = rXDs5my0wWQ
Next, massage the external surface of the foot and lower leg( 3,4 and 5 fingers): stroking the fingers, interosseous gaps, pinched stroking, spiral grinding, gum-grinding along the outer edge of the foot with transition to the shin. Duration of massage 10 min.15 sessions. After 1.5-2 months.repeat the course. Massage is performed in combination with a back massage.
Gymnastics: fix the ankle joint, perform rotational movements to the outside, perform equalizing movements of the foot, flexion and extension of each finger, dilution of the fingers, bend the legs of the child in the knees and press the palms on the socks, causing resistance( strengthen the muscles of the foot).Active movements: Drum roll( sitting on the floor, the child knocks with fingertips), pulling objects with your feet using a towel, rolling a bottle, walking on socks in a straight line, walking on pebbles. It is also recommended to wear supinators.http: //massage-club.dn.ua /ru/news/ 201. ..
Massage with flat feet videohttps: //www.youtube.com/ watch? V = oqh2VNS5oy4