How can I define flat feet?Flattening is a pathology of the musculoskeletal system, in which there is a violation of the anatomical structure of the foot. The disease is quite common and can be transverse or longitudinal.
To diagnose flat feet, do not necessarily go to a specialized clinic. In most cases, you can do it yourself, including at home. There are some fairly simple techniques.
Indirect signs of
Before deciding how to determine flat feet, it is necessary to clarify the presence of a number of symptoms in the presence of which this disease should be suspected. These include:
- quick fatigue of the legs and the appearance of pain even with a slight load;
- appearance of swelling, sensation of heat and discomfort in the legs in the evening;
- uneven erasure of heels on shoes;
- apparent increase in foot in size, its deformation( bone formation, thumb deviation, etc.);
- pain can appear not only in the foot, but in the knee joints, as well as in the lumbar spine.
If there are at least several signs, it is necessary to diagnose the anatomical structure of the feet.
Determination of flatfoot with a fingerprint is the simplest, but also informative method for diagnosing this disease. To do this, it is enough to take a white paper sheet, and cover the foot with a thick layer of fatty cream, which is poorly absorbed. After this, put the sheet on the floor, and place your foot in the middle. In this case it is important to stand evenly, not resting on anything. After the imprint is received, it can be studied. An important criterion is the size of the recess at the inner edge of the foot. In the event that it is absent or narrowed, you can suspect flat feet.
In medical institutions, a plottograph is used to perform a similar test. It is a special frame, covered with polyethylene. Immediately before the study, the canvas is dyed with ink or ink, and a clean sheet of paper is placed on top. Thus, fairly accurate footprints are obtained. In modern medical practice, an electronic( computer) platograph has found application that not only allows a large number of images to be taken, but also stored in the computer's memory. In this case, it is possible to obtain an imprint of both the plantar surface and the back, as well as the lateral.
This method of determining flatfoot consists in the mathematical calculation of the value of the sub-metric index. In this case, the length and height of the foot are measured, after which the height is divided by the length and multiplied by 100. The normal value is 29-31.If this index is less than 25, then we are talking about pronounced flat feet and should consult a doctor.
How to determine the degree of flatfoot?
In order to determine the severity of the pathological process, you can use a standard technique, or apply a more reliable radiography. The doctor determines several parameters on the pictures obtained, on the basis of which it is possible to judge the degree of flatfoot:
- , the first degree is characterized by the angle of the arch 131-1400, and its height is 25-35 mm( in case of planotography, the notch is more than a third but less than half);
- at the second degree, the angle is equal to 141-1550, and the height is 17-24 mm( in case of planotography the notch is less than a third);
- the third degree of flatfoot is put at an angle of the arch exceeding 1550, and the height of the foot is less than 17 mm.
There is also a so-called transverse flatfoot, the development of which is more typical for mature women. This deforms the joints and the deviation of the thumb to the side. Three degrees of transverse flatfoot are distinguished:
- At the first degree, the angle between 1 and 2 metatarsal bones is 10-120.
- At the second degree this value reaches 150.
- The third degree is characterized by an increase in this angle to 200.
Features in children
At an early age, the presence of flat feet is considered a physiological feature, which is due to the gradual formation of the arch of the foot as the baby grows. In this regard, special attention should be given to children's shoes, which should repeat the anatomical structure of the foot. In addition, this age is considered the most favorable for the prevention of this disease. Determine the flat feet of the child usually becomes possible, starting at the age of five. Before this, not all cartilaginous structures are replaced by bone, and there is an additional fat layer that changes the appearance of the foot. Therefore, a pediatric orthopedist can suspect a flatfoot in young children during routine examination.
It is possible to determine flatfoot at home, as well as with the help of medical diagnostics. As a rule, in the first case, flat feet can be identified by its symptoms, and in the second - after medical procedures.
How to determine the flatfoot of the house
You can conduct a small test for the definition of flatfoot. Take some fat cream and spread your feet. Stand flat on a sheet of paper and then examine the imprint. On the inside of the foot there should be a notch( dry section of the sheet) with a width slightly more than half the width of the foot. If it is not available or it is narrower, this is likely to indicate the presence of flat feet. To learn how to cure platypodia, you can from our article.
Symptoms of flatfoot:
Flat feet can develop in people working on mobile work or in a service that requires a long-term stay in a static standing posture. Here are the main signs of flatfoot:
- by the evening there are unpleasant sensations in the legs: heaviness, pain and fatigue;
- the sole on the shoe is faster stitching on the inside;
- habitual shoes become cramped due to the increase in foot size;
- pain from the foot extends to the knee, and is accompanied by pain in the head and lower back.
These signs may indicate not only flat feet, but also the presence of other, more serious diseases( for example, vascular or endocrine).Therefore, for a more precise definition of flat feet, it is better to turn to medical methods.
Methods of medical diagnostics
X-ray images of both feet are made in a direct and lateral projection when a person is standing. The orthopedist carefully studies the values of the angles of deformation of the foot, after which he makes an accurate diagnosis with the degree of flatfoot.
Sub-metric method Frandland
This method consists of calculations and measurements that are made to determine the sub-metric index. For this, the length and height of the foot( the height of the foot - the distance from the sole to the upper edge of the scaphoid bone) changes. Then the height of the foot is multiplied by 100 and divided by the length. As a result, from the interval 27 - 29, a conclusion is made about the presence of flat feet. If the sub-metric index is less than 25, then treatment can not be postponed, because there is a pronounced flat feet.
This is the scientific name of the method that was described at the very beginning of the article. The only difference is the use of Lugol's solution to obtain a clearer print.
how to find out if you have flat feet or not?!!at home, that is without leaving home
The easiest way is to simply take a piece of paper and step on it with bare feet. The trunk is straight, legs are placed and parallel to each other, so that they are slightly in contact. For better visibility of the results, you can pre-spread the foot with something, such as a baby cream. If the trace is like in the picture - everything is in order, if not - it's time to start the exercises and it would be nice to see a doctor, maybe he will prescribe insole or massage. Pay attention to the thumb, with flat feet it does not form a straight line with the heel, but as if points outwards. NORMAL STAGE-PLASTIC
It's very simple, to wet your foot and stand on the bare floor to print a footprint. The outer side of the foot is printed, so flat feet are not, and if the whole foot, then it is worth taking measures.
Made in Paradise
Flat feet can be determined from 3 years of age of the child, the usual method of traces of the feet, if in doubt, it is necessary to see a doctor, podiatrist, pick up shoes and insoles to wear arch supports. ... Now a lot of children with flat feet because shoes often without arch supports...)))
There are several verification methods on flat
( you have this method in detail told)
ruler on the distance from the floor to the top surface of the X-ray diffraction
scaphoid good and fastthe picture can be seen on the Plantoscope( a kind of stool made of thick glass, looking from the bottom to the bottom of the mirror).
Objective measurement is done either with an X-ray image, or at the foot, with a ruler. Measure the distances between the tuberosity of the scaphoid bone and the support surface. In adult men, this distance should be at least 4 cm, in adult women - at least 3.5 cm. If the corresponding figures are below the indicated boundaries, a decrease in the longitudinal arch is noted.
To determine the degree of flatfoot, the formula "Sub-metric index" is applied, in which( height of the foot) is divided into( length of the foot).more than 31 high arch 29-31 norm, 27-29 flat-footed 1st st., 25-27 flat feet of the 2 nd st. Less than 25 flat 3rd
Art Degrees longitudinal flat measured by X-ray
I degree: 131- arch angle of 140 degrees, the height of 35-25mm arch. There are no deformities of the foot bones.
II degree: the corner of the vault is 141-155 degrees, the height of the vault is 24-17 mm. The talus bone is shortened, its neck is not underlined. There may be phenomena of deforming arthrosis in the talon-navicular articulation or calcification of the ligamentous apparatus on the back surface of the foot.
III degree: the arch corner is 156 degrees and above, the height of the arch is less than 17 mm. A small protrusion on the plantar surface of the calcaneus becomes massive. There is also a flattening and a transverse arch, subtracting the contracture of one finger, the foot is penetrated, the heel is deflected to the outside. See annex 3.
Degrees of cross flatfoot:.
( this is when the curvature of the thumb and grow "bone»)
I degree: angle between 1 and 2 metatarsals 10 to 12 degrees, the angle deviation finger 1 15-20 deg.
II degree: angle between 1 and 2 metatarsal bones 13-15 degrees angle of deflection 1 finger 21-30 degrees.
III degree: angle between 1 and 2 metatarsal bones 16-20 degrees, angle of deviation 1 finger 31-40 degrees.
IV degree: the angle between 1 and 2 metatarsal bones is more than 20 degrees, the angle of deviation of 1 finger is more than 40 degrees.
If you are wondering how to cure flat feet and "bones" about the big toe, see my website my eponymous
hallus-valgus in the nation for the treatment of flatfoot
- Exercises: Look like socks, on the heels, on the outside of the foot, on the inside, bend-unbend fingers, roll a bottle or a rolling pin or a piece of tube. And to roll it not only along, but also across the
- walking along the pebbles
Although at first glance the flatfoot is not too formidable disease, but with flatfoot sharply decreases the depreciation.
This leads to diseases of the spinal cord, brain. Significant deterioration of the general condition of the body.
How does an orthopaedist check for flat feet?
There are several methods of testing on the flatfoot
print -List of the distance from the floor to the top surface of the scaphoid
-Radiographically( but not for children)
Plantoscope. A good and quick picture can be seen on the
Plantoscope. This device, consisting ofthick and very durable glass, capable of withstanding weight, and a mirror with a backlight, which allows you to see the foot from below. On it it is possible to see what parts of the foot the person comes into contact with the ground
Personally, I do not deal with the treatment of children's flatfoot
But I must tell you that now there is a lot of fraud in this area
The fact is that the newborn and in the first years of life MUST BE PLANED
Externally, the flat shape of the foot in younger children can not be attributed to a true platypodia disease, but is only a phase of normal development.
Children have flat feet diagnosed since the age of four, since the arches of the foot are fully formed only at this age.
Therefore I advise
1) to go to an impartial doctor. You can even two or three.
2) Find the opportunity for the child to walk barefoot, but not on a flat floor of the house or asphalt in the country, and on the stones
It will be very good and safe
Some even have to do at home an artificial path from the stones for the treatment of flatfoot
3) develop stopschild. Let him walk on his toes, heels, the outer and inner sides. A very important and useful exercise is to bend and unbend the fingers of the
. If you have a daughter, watch her legs in adolescence.
Up to 17. .. 19 years old, allow to walk on high heels.
For adult flatfoot write to me or to my world there is a link to the site( in the Answer I have no right to give)
The process of forming the foot bones continues until about 5-6 years of age. Only in this period can we talk about the presence or absence of flat feet in the child.
And the doctor asks to walk barefoot( on the floor) and examines the child's foot
The specialist sometimes has a quick glance to make a diagnosis. You can check it yourself at home. Rub the baby feet with any copier and place on a blank sheet of paper. If the stop is with a bend, then everything is fine, but if it is printed in its entirety, it means flat feet. Go to another specialist. And treat different exercises for this purpose there are cabinets LFK and footwear or insoles orthopedic.
We were tested on a footprint. She dyed her leg and put it on a sheet of paper. And for prevention it is enough to buy special insoles. They cost around 600 rubles.
We are observed every year at the orthopedist with the youngest for 4 years as nothing special was seen with this observation: just as I put on the couch, ask to walk, everything. One orthopedist only honored us and approached us closely. You need a massage, walk on the pebbles.roll rolling pin, walking on toes and heels, quality shoes.
How do I know if I have a flat-foot
It's easy. You do not even need to get your feet dirty. An X-ray photograph of the foot is taken from the _Hangaroo. It's when you stand on one foot and take a picture. Radiologist will give an opinion not only about whether there is a flatfoot, but also its degree, and changes in the joints of the foot will describe. And the direction to the picture is given by the surgeon, or orthopedist, or he himself comes to the X-ray and "agree".
stepped into the paint, and then onto a blank sheet of paper.
Nespok * OJ * na9I
to the surgeon only
To go to the military enlistment office - there they will immediately determine.
Prsche in the water step, and then on the cardboard, or paper. ..On the print you will immediately see
Wet your foot and print it on the floor.
Why the paint can be poured into the water and the more curvature the less the flatfoot the complete absence of such is called the bear foot
Get up wet on the dark floor so that the footprint can be seen. And if there is a continuous track, 100% is flat.
TAKA TO THE SPECIALIST OF BATTINKA
Soak your foot and stand firmly on some surface where the trail can clearly be imprinted. On a print it is always visible, whether there is a flatfoot - the arch of a foot at it is lowered.
I just need to look at the finger of the finger, I have to go to the surgeon, he will trace the print and measure the flatness of the points and if there is some degree
The most accurate and quickest way you've been told for a long time;) Come on with a wet footon the corton, there your foot is imprinted: if you // then flat feet, and if) / then everything is all right:)
the surgeon can and make a mistake, it is best to make an X-ray photograph where the flat foot 1,2, 3.