Ointment for the joints of the legs for the elderly

Review of useful ointments for foot joints


People suffering from arthritis or arthrosis have painful symptoms: joint pain, inability to budge. If you do not bend your knees, then a person feels like a helpless old man. How often do older patients complain to the doctor and neighbors with sick feet?

For the therapy of joint diseases, it is possible to find a lot of medicines in the pharmacy network. But how to choose the right one in your case?

We suggest carefully consider preparations on an ointment basis.

What are the benefits of ointments?

Do not give up treatment with drugs in the form of ointments. They remain one of the main means of help, thanks to:

  • high concentration of active substance;
  • to the absence of toxic or irritant effects on the stomach and intestines;
  • good compatibility with other drugs( with pills and injections, with physiotherapy procedures);
  • ease and ease of use at home.

Gels differ from ointments with a lower concentration, a more liquid consistency. Some manufacturers insist on better penetrating power through the skin in the joint bag.

Creams have an even lower concentration and are suitable either in cosmetics or for particularly sensitive people.

How to prevent allergy?

Such possible manifestations as allergic reactions do not depend on the dosage form. They should be ready for any method of treatment.

In order to test your reaction, you need to rub a little ointment into the delicate skin on the inner surface of the forearm. If during the day on this place there is no itching and irritation, then the medicine is suitable for individual use.

Pharmacy
When buying a drug, you should carefully read the composition of

. On a tube, often everything is written in small letters, ask for instructions on how to use it. Perhaps the composition includes a substance that has already been allergic( taking into account the reactions to tableted forms).Then immediately refuse the drug. Pay attention to the expiration date. After it, activity drops significantly.

What properties should have ointments for the feet?

For the treatment of inflammation and degenerative-dystrophic changes in the joints of the legs, it will be necessary: ​​

  • anti-inflammatory effect;
  • analgesia;
  • powered periosteum.

Virtually all ointments have these properties, but you can subdivide them by their preferred type of action and strength.

Ointments with a warming effect

The composition of warming ointments necessarily includes components that can increase the flow of blood to the affected joint. At the same time, neutrophil cells "hurry" to the site of inflammation in order to "get rid of" infection and slags from the tissue reaction. Warming does not apply immediately after the injury. For example, after a knee injury in a child, a tumor immediately manifests itself, the ointment will only increase puffiness. As a first aid, peace and cold compresses are necessary. You have to wait a day or two, then you can use it.

In the acute period of arthritis of the knee joint, a diphalp gel is recommended. He, unlike others, has a decongestant property, due to the included in the composition of levomentol and ibuprofen. After application, the skin feels hot and red. Simultaneously, ibuprofen has an anti-inflammatory effect, pain decreases. Rub the gel into the skin four times a day.

Ointments for the removal of inflammation

This group includes drugs that contain substances acting on the source of inflammation( microorganisms), enhancing overall protection. They can have a complex of preparations for the removal of inflammation( Diclofenac, Fastum gel, Voltaren) or contain hormones( Hydrocortisone).

Hormonal medications should not be used without consulting a doctor.

To enhance the action, it is recommended to compress at night.

What ointments are better for anesthetics?

Anesthetic effects should be included in the analgesic ointment.

Ketonal contains active substance ketoprofen at a concentration of 2.5%, penetrates through the pores of the skin, prevents the synthesis of prostaglandins, effectively eliminates pain and inflammation in all types of arthritis, after trauma.

Ketonal
It is not recommended to use for bronchial asthma, children under 15, pregnant in the third trimester

Fastum gel relieves pain, swelling, morning stiffness in the legs, suitable for the treatment of arthritis and arthrosis of the knee, as a symptomatic agent used in polyarthritis, gout,tensile tendons, bursitis. Enters into the pharmacy market from Italy, the Russian equivalent is Bystrum-gel. Both drugs are based on the ketoprofen content of 25 mg per gram of ointment.

Diclofenac 1% ointment contains in one gram 10 mg of diclofenac. It is one of the popular representatives of nonsteroidal agents. Analogues - Voltaren, Diclonac-P, Orthofen - are also based on this substance. Recommended for use in cases of deforming arthrosoarthritis of the knee and other joints of the legs and hands. Rubbed in dry skin no more than 2-3 times with light movements. The daily dose should not be above 8 mg.

Indomethacin is a non-hormonal drug, one gram contains 100 mg of indomethacin. It is shown for rheumatoid and psoriatic polyarthritis, gout, arthritis and arthrosis with limited mobility of the knee and other joints, neuralgia, osteochondrosis of the spine with irradiation of pain in the legs. The yardstick of the daily dose is the size of the squeezed jet: for a day for an adult you can apply no more than 15 cm, for a child - up to 7 cm. The entire dose is divided into 2-3 rubs.

Indometacin Ointment
Ointment is not used if there are wounds or abrasions on the skin.

It should be used with caution in patients with peptic ulcer. Also, like tablets, they can cause an aggravation of peptic ulcer, gastritis, promote bleeding. They should not be used for massage. After rubbing it is necessary to wash your hands well and make sure that the ointment does not get into your eyes.

Nase gel refers to second-generation drugs, contains nimesulide in 1% concentration. From previous drugs is less contraindicated and no side effects. However, it is also not recommended in cases of exacerbation of peptic ulcer, during pregnancy.

Ointments from vegetable and natural components

To such means it is possible to carry ointments of feeding action. They should not be expected to have a quick effect, but long-term use gives an undoubted effect.

Cream Sabelnik-Evalar includes an extract of a medicinal plant of a swampy saber, enhances the restoration of damaged tissues, has antibacterial properties.

Recommended reading: Which gel to choose from back pain?

Ogarkov's ointment includes bee venom and medicinal herbs.

Arthrovit-balm warms and nourishes the diseased joints, has in the composition only safe plant components:

  • essential oils of paprika, ginger, black pepper, camphor;
  • extracts of thyme, birch, althea, black elderberry.

A group of chondroprotectors - Honda cream, Chondroxide gel.

The funds are directed to the restoration of the cartilaginous tissue with arthrosis. The active substance is chondroitin sulfate, glucosamine is obtained from the tissues of fish, birds, mammals. Drugs are recommended by one doctor and completely discarded by others. Nevertheless, evidence of their use( though in capsules, and not external gels) exist. Contraindications are not defined.

For massage with arthrosis more suitable:

  • balm of Dikul - includes useful properties of sea buckthorn and tea tree oils, nettle extracts, mushroom chaga, aloe, ginkgo biloba, chamomile, dog rose, propolis, mummy, bee venom, bear bile, collagen, vitamins Aand E, all diluted with water with silver ions;
  • Thai ointment based on the hot pepper.

Self-treatment of these ointments should not be practiced for longer than two weeks. It is necessary to consult with the attending physician, to consult about the most suitable means. What is the most effective symptom of almost all inflammatory and destructive processes in the joints is pain of different intensity. This pain often makes the patient's life unbearable.

When the joints break the habitual life

In medical practice, to eliminate pain syndrome with various joint diseases it is common to use anti-inflammatory drugs. There are various ointments, creams, gels and other drugs that help relieve pain in the lower back, knees, etc. To understand which ointment painkillers for joints is right for you, you need to identify the cause of the ailment.


Why there is pain in the joints and how to eliminate it

The cause of joint pain is most often inflammation. The inflammatory process can have different localization and affect both the joint itself and the underlying tissue. Before you start looking for an effective analgesic, you should consult a doctor and determine the true cause of the pain. Most joint diseases can not be completely cured, so the main goal of therapy is to achieve stable remission and eliminate pain syndrome.

Selection of drugs effective for pain of different localization and etiology, carried out exclusively individually. Ointments and gels for joints that are suitable for one patient do not always help the other. The doctor can recommend you this or that drug, but you will most likely have to choose the most suitable one by experience. Knowing certain properties of some components, you can independently pick up those ointments for joints that will help you.

Quite often patients complain of pain in the lower back, knee, elbow and hip joints. The most common diseases that cause pain are arthritis, arthrosis and osteochondrosis.


Effective means for various joint diseases

If arthritis is the cause of back pain or other joint problems, it is advisable to use non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Such funds not only effectively relieve pain syndrome, but also combat the cause of the disease - inflammation. In this case, you should choose different painkillers and gels based on diclofenac or ibuprofen. These drugs have pronounced analgesic properties, relieve local hyperthermia and edema.

A good therapeutic effect is provided by drugs based on bee or snake venom in combination with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Bee venom contains active components that have a wide range of action. Ointments based on poisons have a warming effect, improve local blood circulation, supply tissues with oxygen and help remove toxins from the affected joint.

The heating agent of bee venom

The most popular painkillers for this group are apizarthron( bee venom ointment) and viprosal( a drug based on the viper of an ordinary viper).Use this ointment can be 2-3 times a day until the symptoms disappear completely. If during the day you did not notice any positive dynamics, use of the drug should be stopped. Do not forget that the poison of bees and snakes is a powerful allergen and can cause the patient to have an allergic reaction.

There is a large number of drugs for the treatment of joints based on medicinal plants. Among such plants, distinguish a jaunty, ginger pharmacy, kalgan Chinese, sabelnik, etc. Widespread use in the treatment of joint diseases received "Ointment of another Tyssa with a lifeblood."Has a good therapeutic effect for pain in the lower back and other joints. This tool is appropriate for use in osteochondrosis, arthritis and arthrosis of various etiologies.

Before using this or that ointment, be sure to consult your doctor. Often, self-medication not only does not bring the desired effect, but also contributes to the development of fairly serious complications. Do not risk your health, listen to the opinion of a specialist.


How to prepare a curative ointment at home

The only drawback of all of the above drugs is their cost. The price is high, because all these funds are made from scarce and expensive raw materials. There is an alternative to expensive medications - ointment, which is prepared by oneself at home.

Home painkiller drug against joint pain

Home A pain reliever against joint pain

Popularity uses such a prescription ointments for osteochondrosis, arthritis, arthrosis and other joint diseases, where the foundation of the remedy is bee pollock. Podmore contains chitosan and melanin, which have a wide range of medicinal properties. Means based on beeswax have analgesic, anti-inflammatory and bactericidal action. They are used for pain in the lower back, knees and elbows, with various injuries and diseases of the joints.

To prepare such an ointment, you will need beespine and any cosmetic oil: vaseline, corn, olive, etc. You need to take 2-3 tablespoons of ground coffee on a coffee beet soup mill, mix it with 100 g of butter until it is homogeneous( do it betterin a blender).Put the resulting mixture in a bowl of dark glass, wrap in a newspaper and put it in a dark cool place. After 3-4 weeks, the ointment will be ready for use.

When pains in the lower back, you need to rub the resulting composition into the affected area at night, with the back better wrapped in a scarf made of natural wool. The course of treatment is about 1 month, but within a week the patient begins to feel a significant relief of the symptoms of the disease. Other joints should be lubricated with massage movements 2-3 times a day until the pain is completely gone.

Ointment for joints based on beeswax has practically no contraindications. There are a small number of people with individual intolerance to the components of the drug. If you have itching, redness and other unpleasant sensations, the use of the drug should be discontinued.

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Ointment for knee joints

ointment for knee joints

Knee joints are very vulnerable and are often subjected to increased stress, so their pathologies are diagnosed very often. The causes and symptoms of diseases of knee joints are diverse, but almost all pathologies from this group lead to impairment of mobility in the knee, restriction of movement, swelling, and pain. In the absence of adequate treatment, disability often develops.

All diseases of knee joints( arthritis, bursitis, arthrosis, etc.) require complex therapy, and treatment often involves the use of ointments( gels, balms, etc.).These means for external use are intended, mainly, for pain relief, reduction of inflammatory processes and swelling in the knee area. Consider, the treatment with which ointments is recommended most often if the knee joints ache.

Ointments for the treatment of knee joints

Ointments for knee joint pain can be divided into three main groups:

  • pain relievers;
  • heating;
  • is an anti-inflammatory.

Let's give the names of effective and common ointments for knee joints and briefly characterize them.

Anesthetic ointments for knee joints

This type of ointment is intended primarily for use immediately after the injury of the joint( as a result of impact, fall, etc.).These funds, as a rule, have a cooling effect, soothe the affected area, help to reduce pain and prevent the appearance of puffiness.

These ointments can be administered with the following substances:

  • menthol;
  • camphor;
  • essential oils;
  • analgesics;
  • anticoagulants, etc.

When applying such products, do not rub them into the skin, but simply apply a thin layer of damage to the skin. It should also be noted that these medications are not applied to open wounds.

The list of pain relievers for joints includes such drugs:

  • Troxevasin;
  • Menovazine;
  • Arnigel;
  • Vipratox;
  • Dolobene et al.

Warming Ointments for Knee Joints

Ointments with a warming effect are used not immediately after the injury, but in the rehabilitation period. Also, they are often recommended to use for preventive purposes before physical exertion, training. The composition of these funds usually includes components of natural origin, causing a rush of blood to the affected joint. Thanks to this, the speed of metabolic processes increases, and the restoration of knee tissues occurs faster. Ointments for joints of the knee of the warming action should be used with caution.they can cause allergic reactions, burns. This includes such drugs as:

  • Finalgon;
  • Bom-Benge;
  • Capsicum;
  • Ben-Gay;
  • Espel et al

Anti-inflammatory ointment for knee joints

This group includes ointments containing various non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. These ointments should be applied, lightly rubbing into the skin with massage movements. Their systematic use helps to reduce pain in the joints of the knees, eliminate stiffness, improve motor activity, and remove puffiness. The pronounced anti-inflammatory effect is due to the good absorption of the drug and the accumulation of active substances in the synovial membrane and synovial fluid of the knee joint. Popular agents related to anti-inflammatory

ointment for joint pain topical preparations are:
  • Finalal;
  • Diclofenac;
  • Arthrosylline;
  • Bystrumgel;
  • Nurofen et al

It should be noted that any of the ointments listed above should be used only after consulting with the doctor and establishing the cause of inflammation and pain of the knee joint.


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How to choose ointment for the treatment of arthrosis

Modern life with its loads, injuries and illnesses against the background of its completely wrong image, in which we almost always are at the computer - this is not the best gift for our joints. And today, at a fairly young age, arthritis and arthrosis are found destroying the cartilaginous tissue of the joints, leading to severe pain and limited mobility. The most affected are large joints: shoulder, elbow, knee, hip. Treatment of arthrosis is difficult: sometimes you can only stop the course of the disease and increase the periods of remission. And for this, as they say, all means are good.

Ointments for the treatment of arthrosis - one of such methods, popular in people .Their application brings a certain effect. Of course, with the help of external drugs, the disease itself can not be cured, but it is possible to improve the condition of the affected joint.

Ointments for arthrosis

Therapeutic ointment for arthrosis - analgesic and anti-inflammatory

Ointments for the treatment of arthrosis: therapeutic properties

The principle of ointment action is the same as for all non-steroid agents of other release forms: this is a reduction of pain and inflammation. Therefore, they are used for joint pain in joints

What ointments can be advised and how should they be applied?

Today many external preparations for rubbing are known which can be confused in an inexperienced person in medicine

Ointment base

Most commonly used for the treatment of knee and shoulder joints are ointments based on

  • Diclofenac
  • Naproxen
  • Ketoprofen
  • Indomethacin
  • Ibuprofen
  • Nimesulide

These are the main drugs, used to treat arthrosis, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, polyarthritis and other diseases. Therefore, any ointment containing these substances is suitable.
However, there are medicines more or less preferable for each type of disease.

Reminder before ointment application for arthrosis

  1. Despite the fact that the drugs are sold without a prescription, consultation about his admission will not be superfluous.
    It is important to find out which means to use better in acute pain, what - when aching, and what is better for the knee joint, and what for the shoulder joint, an experienced physician vertebrologist
  2. . Using an external remedy, it should be remembered that it is also limited in the duration of application fromfor the same contraindications as any NSAID, with the only difference that rubbing is a light-weight version of the drug, in which approximately eight percent of the active substance is administered by designation.
    Electrophoresis improves the level of drug adherence
  3. To apply rubbing is not recommended for:
    • ulcerative gastrointestinal diseases
    • kidney and liver
    • pregnancy and lactation
  4. Usually the ointment is applied not more than two or three times a day for not more than two weeks
  5. For one application fromtube squeezes from two to five cm of ointment
  6. If the medicine does not help, it needs to be replaced with another

We are looking for cheap analogs

Many drugs, despite different names, have the samecomponents in a basis. But some of them are expensive and promoted by advertising, others are much cheaper analogs, in no way inferior to the action of

. So, cheap analogs are available from Fastum gel , which contains ketoprofen , as well as Voltaren ,which includes diclofenac .

The most famous ointments for arthrosis

  1. Diclofenac
    • The cheapest and most effective remedy for relieving inflammation and pain in arthrosis, rheumatoid arthritis, gout and other diseases ODD
    • It has more pronounced anti-inflammatory properties than analgesics
    • Analogues: voltaren, orthophene

    Method of administration - two or three grams of squeezedfrom the tube of ointment gently rub into the surface of the knee or shoulder joint.

    Cream to relieve inflammation and pain

    Diclofenac is used to relieve inflammation and pain in arthrosis, rheumatoid arthritis, gout and other diseases ODD

  2. Naproxen
    • The drug is based on propionic acid
    • It has great analgesic properties and smaller anti-inflammatory properties, so it is better to use ointment with naproxen for the treatment of acute knee pains, shoulder and elbow joints with arthrosis and polyarthritis( for example, with brachial fibroid polyarthritis )
  3. Ketoprofen
  4. Based on it
    • ( Italian preparation)
    • fast-gel
  5. deforming osteoarthrosis, bursitis and trauma
  6. pronounced analgesic effect
  7. Indomethacin
    10% ointment containing indomethacin
    • Used for inflammationknee, shoulder and other joints, accompanied by swelling
    • Designed to treat:
      • arthrosis
      • osteochondrosis
      • rheumatoid and psoriatic polyarthritis
      • gout
      • disease Beh
      • myositis
  8. Ibuprofen
    • Indications are the same as in indomethacin
    • In addition, this ointment is often used with
      • injuries of the knee or shoulder joint( sprains, ligament ruptures, sprains)
      • tendovitis and bursitis
      • brachial fibroids
    • Indomethacin and ibuprofen should be usedcautiously with dermal eczema and hypersensitive skin, and stop rubbing when rashes or peeling occur
    • Analogues: dolgite, brufen
  9. Nimesulide
    • Represents the second-generation NSAIDeniya:
      Scope is different from other similar drugs, but the drug has less contraindications
    • Analogs: nimesil, nize, nemuleks, nimulid etc.
With arthrosis what ointments

Nyz is a second generation medicine with fewer contraindications.


Any ointment for arthrosis is only an additional treatment and will not eradicate all problems.

Much more effective:

  • movement and sport
  • healthy food
  • the right pose for the computer

Be Healthy!

Video: How to maintain a healthy joint

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Pain in the joints of the legs: the causes and treatment. The best pills for the treatment of leg joints

Sore feet are a problem that is relevant for most modern people. After all, some people walk and stand, while others - on the contrary, spend most of their time. In addition, there are many other factors that can cause pain in the legs.

Introduction

pain in the joints of the legs causes and treatment This pain is familiar to many. It can be soreness in the hip joint or knee, or the joints of the toes can hurt. The pain is aching and sharp. And in each case we can talk about different ailments.

If you incorrectly pick up shoes, then it can cause pain in your legs.

But the main reasons are overexertion and trauma.

Pain caused by recent physical labor

occur after intense physical exertion in people of any type without exception. In this case, doctors will not be needed. The pain in the joints of the legs is not strong, has no ache, can increase with movement, and at rest - it passes. Sometimes there may be slight hyperemia of the skin in the area of ​​any joint.

Pass these pains on their own after a short rest. But if they are strong, then you can resort to creams and ointments with the effect of anesthesia( drugs "Indomethacin", "Ibuprofen", "Diclofenac").The medicine is applied in the area of ​​the joint to the skin with massaging movements two or three times a day.

Injury to

Joint pains in the joints of the legs, the causes of which are injuries, usually occur after the same injury( immediately or some small time later).In this case, cartilage, capsule or ligament are damaged. The pain will be permanent. It feels at rest, but it increases with movement. It is accompanied by hyperemia of the skin in the joint area, limited by its movement and swelling.

pain in the joints of the toes If the pain symptom is not expressed, swelling is absent, the contours of the joint are not changed, then it is enough to give him peace, to limit the limb in motion. For these purposes, as if specially created elastic bandage. It should be wrapped around the affected area, grabbing the area below and above the joint - this will help the bandage to hold better.

The first twenty-four hours after the injury, to avoid severe swelling, you can apply a compress with a cold, but no more than half an hour. To avoid frostbite, a cold compress should be put through clothes. The next day on the joint impose warm, but not hot compresses. They will increase blood circulation and accelerate the restoration of damaged areas.

In the first 24 hours after injury, the joint should be given an elevated position( a pillow under the damaged knee joint).

For severe pain, creams and ointments with an analgesic effect are used. If the measures taken do not reduce pain in the joints of the legs, the reasons may be more serious, and in this case it is worth making an immediate visit to a trauma specialist for the purpose of appropriate treatment after the examination.

Articular pain in adolescents, children

joint pain in the legs This age group has many ailments, the symptoms of which are joint pain in the legs. Causes and treatment only a doctor is able to establish and appoint. But any parent, paying attention to some points, will be able to establish a probable cause.

In a period when there is a rapid growth of the child, he can experience some discomfort, pain in the joints of the left leg and right leg, in the muscles and bones. These "pains of growth" should not be perceived as something terrible. They will not have any consequences, and they do not require treatment. More often from such troubles suffer girls of eight - fourteen years. If the activity of the child is not reduced, he has a good appetite and mood, then, most likely, there are pains in growth.

How can I help my child?

He needs to tell what kind of pain in the joints of his legs. The reasons are connected with growth, and in most cases they will pass independently. Relief can bring a warm water bottle or a light massage.

But if the joint pains are accompanied by additional symptoms, the child should be shown to the doctor. After all, he can have a serious illness.

Pain in the joints of the left leg, right leg, other joints, together with skin rash, general hyperthermia, local edema and redness may be due to such ailments as:

  1. Acute rheumatic fever. It is characteristic that there is inflammation of the connective tissue in the joints, internal organs, which is fraught with quite serious complications( defeat of the heart valves).One of the signs of acute rheumatic fever is rheumatic polyarthritis.
  2. Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. The disease is chronic, which develops a progressive inflammatory reaction of various joints, legs, including. It occurs in children under sixteen.
  3. Infectious arthritis. As a rule, it acts as a complication of a number of infectious diseases. It affects either one or several joints in a row. There will be severe pain in the joints of the legs or other affected joints, along with increased fever. There may be vomiting, nausea. The affected joint reacts painfully to a touch.
  4. Reactive arthritis. Inflammation arises as a response to an infectious disease. It often manifests itself against the background of sore throats, flu and other diseases. It is often combined with conjunctivitis and urethritis.
  5. Prolonged severe pain in the joints of the legs in children can speak about the presence of bone growths.

Articular pain in adults

pain in the joints of the left leg The cause of soreness of joints in adults can also be a great variety of diseases. That's why it's important to immediately pay attention to the pain in the joints of the legs that can be identified and prescribed by the doctor.

To build an assumption before a visit to a doctor, it is worthwhile to study all the attendant symptoms. So, aching pain in the joints of the legs or acute in combination with fatigue, weakness and hyperthermia of the body can indicate a number of diseases.

One of them is rheumatoid arthritis. Chronic disease, accompanied by inflammation of the connective tissue. In this case the pain comes suddenly and for one or two weeks will increase. The pain effect will be felt both in the joint itself, and in the muscles surrounding it. In the morning and at rest, unpleasant sensations increase. It can affect both a few and one joint. The inflamed joint becomes bigger, the skin reacts to the touch. There is hyperthermia and redness. The mobility is limited. Typical morning stiffness, when the joint is not working well for about an hour, while a person wakes up.

Articular pain in people with overweight and elderly

severe pain in the joints of the legs This type of pain is usually associated with chronic ailments, because of which there is a slow destruction of cartilage. They are called degenerative.

Aching aching in the joints of the legs will be long-lasting and gradually progress. Osteoarthritis( osteoarthritis) is one of these diseases. The pain is initially minor, and later - more pronounced. The disease affects those joints, the load on which is the maximum. Because the pain in the hip joints of the legs, knee, ankle often indicates this disease. It can intensify toward evening, arise in a dream.

Joint and joint pain

The hip joint begins to react painfully when it is affected. It is worth exploring the attendant signs. Increased temperature, rash, inflammation of other joints - rheumatoid arthritis. Uncertain pain gives in the lower back, buttock, groin, in the knee, on the back of the thigh - similar to the avascular necrosis of the head of the femur. Soreness has appeared for a long time, progressed slowly, increases with walking and long standing, the gait is broken - osteoarthritis. The pain in the joint itself proceeds with severe pain in the lumbar part, while it gives to the knee, to the back of the thigh - is characteristic of the lumbosacral radiculitis.

An inoperative knee joint can seriously correct work and daily activities.

Pain in the knees for an elderly person or obese, which increases with walking, as with prolonged standing, moving up and down the stairs, speaks of osteoarthritis as a probable cause.

pain in the hip joints of the legs Along with pain, redness, swelling of the skin at the site of the affected joint, skin rash, and body temperature are increased - there may be a whole pleiad of arthritis( reactive, infectious, rheumatoid).

The pain came suddenly, impaired joint mobility, you can not lean on your leg - it can be gout.

Fingernails and joint pain

Pain in the joints of the toes occurs in many diseases.

Gout is a disease characterized by a periodically occurring inflammatory reaction of the joints. The first is affected by the joint at the base of the thumb, but later others( ankle, knee) can be involved. The pain comes suddenly, more often at night or in the morning. It is pronounced and therefore the movement of the entire joint, and more often of the entire limb, is disturbed. The affected joint swells, skin hyperemia is observed, the skin reacts to touch with soreness. After some time the inflammation passes on itself, in order to appear again after a couple of months or years, in the same joint or in several.

pain in the joints of the legs causes Valgus deformation of the first finger. The disease is characterized by a deviation of the base of the first finger outwards. The foot is deformed at the same time, a peculiar cone appears, which eventually increases. In the area of ​​defeat, severe soreness.

Pain in the joints of the toes can also be associated with rheumatoid arthritis, as described above.

Treatment of

If a person has pain in the joints of the legs, the doctor will determine and establish the cause and treatment. That's why you should visit him as soon as possible. He not only hears those symptoms that the patient will describe to him, but also appoints additional studies to reveal what has gone unnoticed. So the doctor will be easier to put the right diagnosis and prescribe the appropriate treatment.

The basic therapeutic principles of

Providing rest will help reduce pain in the joint and accelerate recovery. In some cases, an elastic bandage should be applied for this. The patient is shown complete peace, so that the affected joint is not loaded with work.

Pain in the joints of the foot and other joints can be eliminated with pain medication, which can be in the form of ointments, injections, tablets. Ointments with analgesic effect and relieving inflammation - Efkamon, Viprosal V, Indomethacin, Ibuprofen, Voltaren. Each such remedy has its own heap of contraindications, and they should be studied before using the remedy. The ointment is applied to the affected area with a thin layer and rubbed with massaging movements. The procedure is repeated two to three times a day.

The best tablets for the treatment of

The pain in the joints of the legs, the causes and treatment of which has been established and prescribed by the Aesculapius, it is better to treat with the following drugs:

  1. "Arthra".Country of origin - USA.In the composition - glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate. It is accepted on two pieces in day. The course is three to six months.
  2. "Structum".Country of origin - France. In the composition - chondroitin sulfate. Take two to four pieces a day. The course is three to six months.
  3. "Dona".Country of origin - Italy. In the composition - glucosamine. It is consumed four to six times a day. The course of treatment is three to six months.
  4. "Teraflex".Country of origin - United Kingdom. In the composition of chondroitin sulfate. It takes two or four pieces a day. Treatment with a similar course.
  5. "Chondroitin AKOS".Country of origin - Russia. Contains chondroitin sulfate. It is consumed two to four times a day. Course, as in the above.

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Knee aches: treatment with ointments and creams

2014-12-17

With the help of medicinal ointments and creams it is possible to alleviate the patient's condition, reduce pain and improve the mobility of the joints.

For the treatment of knees, ointments and creams with a curative effect are used. They are divided into three large groups.

Ointments that warm

The group of warming ointments for the knees includes Menovazine, Capsicum, Gevcamen, Espol, Nikoflex-cream, etc. You can add popular gels and ointments for the joints of horses.

These preparations improve blood circulation in the knee. They bring to the sick zone pleasant warmth and comfort, relief in the presence of arthrosis in the joint, meniscus damage, inflammation of the knee tendons. Especially they relieve vascular pain in the knees, because heat always helps with vascular diseases.

Ointments warming are endowed with a small healing effect, but from them there are almost no side effects.

Important: It is contraindicated to use them for arthritis and arthrosis of the knee joint with noticeable swelling of the knee as a result of accumulation of pathological fluid in the joint cavity( with synovitis).

Ointments with bee and snake venom

The group based on bee venom includes ointments: Apizatron, Ungapiven, Virapin, Apireven. The group on the basis of snake venom includes Viprosal ointment.

These drugs are a distraction with a high warming effect. When absorbed through the skin, they act on muscles and ligaments, improving their elasticity, accelerating the circulation of blood around the diseased joint. They are more effective than warm ointments. But there are side effects: allergies and inflammation of the skin in places of application.

Important to know:

  • ointments with bee and snake venom can not be applied to the skin with lesions. In addition, on the hands( fingers, palms) also there should be no scratches, wounds, abrasions or cracks;
  • after application of a hand it is necessary to wash up water with soap, as it is possible to put inadvertently a poison in eyes or a mucous nasal or an oral cavity;
  • is contraindicated in using ointments with bee and snake venom for women on critical days and for children.

Ointments and gels with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs

This group includes ointments: Indomethacin, Butadionic, Ibuprofen. Cream Dolgit, gels: Naiz-gel, Voltaren-emulgel, Bystrumgel, Fastum, etc.

Advertisements somewhat exaggerate the therapeutic effect of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory ointments and gels, especially severe joints. In addition, advertising argue that rubbing these ointments, patients practically take a pill of this action. But this is not so. Only 7-10% of the active substance passes through the skin, which is not enough to create a complete anti-inflammatory effect.

But they bring noticeable relief from pain, especially due to arthritis of the knee and inflammation of the knee tendon, damage to the meniscus and gonarthrosis against synovitis - a noticeable inflammation and swelling of the knees. Vascular pain ointments from inflammation are not removed.

Dimexide - chemical liquid for knees

Dimexide has anti-inflammatory and analgesic effect. Dimexid penetrates through the skin barriers inside the diseased joint, it can reduce inflammation, reduce swelling and relieve pain.

Dimexide is produced in the form of a solution, gel( in the photo), candles( used in gynecological practice and proctology), ointments.

Dimexide is beneficial in the presence of:

  • arthritis of the knee joint;
  • inflammation of the tendon of the knee( periarthritis of the "goose-paw" bag);
  • meniscus damage;
  • arthrosis of the knee joint( gonarthrosis) accompanied by synovitis( swelling of the joint).

The vascular pain in the knees does not practically stop the preparation.

It is important to know:

  • Dimexide can not be used for patients with neglected diseases: kidney, liver and cataract, with severe angina and glaucoma.
  • Dimexide causes an allergy, so a sensitivity test is first performed by applying a small amount of cotton onto the skin. With reddening of the skin, medicine can not be used. If there is no reaction, you can apply it in accordance with certain rules.

How to use Dimexide( solution)

If there is no allergy to Dimexide, then you need to start the procedure:

  • Mix in a cup Dimexid with boiled water( 1 tbsp each) Next, a sterile gauze moistened with a solution is applied to the diseased knee,on top - a film, and then cotton wool or cotton cloth. Hold the compress for up to an hour, but no more. At the course - 15-20 applications put them once a day, will take 2-3 weeks treatment.

Error : does not need to mix Dimexide with water in advance, in order to save time, and pour the entire vial into the jar, topping up the water. The drug starts to work idle and will lose therapeutic activity, since it immediately enters into chemical interaction with water.

Error: does not need to replace gauze with other material - it can cause allergy, especially if the cloth is colored. Dimexid, when penetrating the skin, takes with itself biologically active substances deep into the body.

Error: No need to leave a compress for the whole night - you can get a classic chemical burn.

Bischofite - brine, oil derivative

Bishofit has a moderate analgesic and anti-inflammatory effect, it acts warming.

If arthrosis of the knee joint flows without synovitis( without accumulation of excess fluid), bischofite has a beneficial effect, which extends to vascular pain in the knees. It is not very effective in treating meniscuses and inflammation of the knee tendons.

Important: Bischofite is contraindicated in arthritis.

How to apply a compress from the bishofit

The joint first 3-5 minutes warm the heating pad, then apply a gauze moistened with bischofite, top put waxed paper and cotton flannel.

Hold the compress all night, then rinse with warm water. Hypersensitive people should keep the compress 1-2 hours.

The course of 20 procedures is performed every other day. Benefits bischofita: it is harmless and has no side effects. If hypersensitive people have skin irritation, then they switch to intermittent treatment, performing compresses after 3-4 days.

In pharmacies they sell natural bile of cows or pigs, bile bile.

What is the use of bile

Bile dissolves and warms, it is used for the same diseases as bischofite. But its effectiveness is even higher than that of compresses with bischofite.

Scares away patients a sharp smell of bile.

Important: It is contraindicated to use it for pustules on the skin, inflammatory diseases of lymph nodes and ducts, fevers with increased body temperature.

Compresses with bile

If there is no allergy to bile, then gauze is folded into 6 layers, impregnated with bile, applied to the knee and covered with waxed paper and bandage. You need to hold for 2 hours, perform daily 3 weeks.

Injection of corticosteroid hormones

For the suppression of pain and inflammation with synovitis( edema and swelling of the joint), corticosteroid hormones are injected into the knee joint: Kenalog, Diprospan, Hydrocortisone, Methylpred, Depo-Medrol. Often they are provided with emergency assistance.

Injections of these drugs are useful in the treatment of diseases:

  • arthritis of the knee joint;
  • inflammation of the knee tendon( periarthritis of the goose paw bag).The hormone is injected into the tendon region, not the joint;
  • of a "fresh"( recent) meniscus injury accompanied by a strong knee swelling;
  • Arthrosis( gonarthrosis) of the knee joint, accompanied by synovitis( severe swelling of the joint).
  • Warning! If synovitis is absent, then injections of hormones of corticosteroids for arthrosis are harmful! They do not treat arthrosis themselves, but relieve the reciprocal inflammatory response of the body.
  • Warning! Injection into the joint of hormonal drugs with vascular pains is useless and harmful!

Chondroprotectors are often administered by doctors to the knee joints: Alflutop, Hondrolone, homeopathic. Objective T.

Injection is administered internally with arthrosis without severe swelling of the joints, with chronic meniscus damage.

Chondroprotectors for arthritis, knee tendon inflammation and knee pain are useless or harmful.

Injections of hyaluronic acid preparations

Preparations from hyaluronic acid, for example, sodium hyaluronate, are stronger and faster acting than chondroprotectors when they are injected into the joint. They are called "liquid prostheses" or "liquid implants", since they act on the joint.

Drugs are useful and effective in the treatment of arthrosis of the knee joints. Sodium Hyaluronate forms a protective film on the damaged cartilage. It protects the cartilage tissue from further destruction and improves the sliding of the cartilaginous surfaces that touch each other.

Drugs penetrate the cartilage, improve its elasticity and elasticity. At the same time, the dried cartilage restores damping properties. Mechanical overload is weakened, reducing pain in the knee joint and increasing its mobility. Acid treatment courses are conducted - 3-4 injections per each knee with an interval of 7-14 days between injections. The course can be repeated in 6-12 months.

Now hyaluronic acid is imported preparations: Synvisc, Fermatron, Ostenil, Go-on, Duralan and domestic drug Hyastat.

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