Treatment of the inflammation of the jaw joint
The joint, which is located at the junction of the upper and lower jaw, performs an important connecting function. Inflammation of the jaw joint can be caused by various factors, but most often the disease develops when an infection gets into the joint. A similar disease should be identified in a timely manner and establish the cause of infection.
Treatment of the mandibular joint takes a long time. Even if the disease was diagnosed in time and started therapy immediately, only complex therapeutic measures can prevent the development of the disease and completely defeat it. And it is necessary to fight not only with the inflammation of the jaw apparatus, but also with the primary infection.
Causes of the disease
In most cases, the cause of inflammation is an infection that has got into the human body. Treatment should be correct and timely. The doctor's task is to establish correctly, which provoked the development of the disease. This determines the choice of a method for treating inflammation of the mandibular joint.
Modern medicine identifies infectious and traumatic infections. The main infectious factors that can provoke the disease:
- hypothermia of the oral cavity;
- osteomyelitis of the lower jawbone;
- otitis media;
What is the joint of the lower jaw
- inflammation of the salivary gland;
- any disease of a dental character( eg, caries);
- any form of tuberculosis;
- fungus actinomycetes.
Temporomandibular joint is usually damaged as a result of trauma to the lower part of the face. This can be a consequence of a stroke, a dislocation, a fracture or a crack. The forms of such a disease are two: chronic and acute. The first is manifested mainly due to infection with the infection or on the soil of another disease.
Acute form of inflammation can occur both after trauma and because of infection in the oral cavity or the patient's auricle.
Symptoms of joint inflammation
In case of lesion of the mandibular joint, the following manifestations of the disease are observed in the patient.
- Loss of appetite, nausea, constantly want to sleep, weakness.
- Body temperature rises.
- It's hard to open your mouth after sleeping.
- Pain when eating and talking. Usually it may seem that whiskey and ears ache.
- Swelling of the skin and redness around the mouth. Sharp pain during palpation.
- A crunch when the jaws are tightly compressed.
- Pain in the muscles.
- Shift of the jaw, distortion of the shape of the face.
Symptoms of the chronic form of the disease may differ slightly from the general. The pain is usually not sharp, but prolonged and aching. During a conversation or eating, it is greatly enhanced. Stiffness of the jaws is noted mainly in the morning and during sleep. The mandible shifts, but there is no swelling. The skin does not change color, but when pressed, the patient feels acute pain.
In acute purulent form of inflammation of the maxillofacial joint in the jaw area there is a dense neoplasm. The skin acquires a bright red color, becomes taut, and the pain threshold decreases. The patient experiences symptoms such as severe dizziness and reduced hearing acuity. In this case, it is required to begin treatment immediately.
If you start a purulent form of the disease, you may have heart problems, arthritis may develop joints, and not only jaw joints. Inflammation in the presence of tuberculosis can lead to deformation of the cartilaginous tissue.
Methods of treatment of the disease
Inflammation of the temporomandibular joint is a complex disease that requires scrupulous treatment. Therapy includes taking necessary medicines and a number of procedures. Methods of treatment can be completely different. One of the new, but popular ways to fight the disease is laser therapy. It can effectively cure inflammation of the mandibular joint.
To date, there are many drugs that will help in the fight against the disease, but you can not be absolutely sure that they will not give any side effects. With inflammation of the maxillofacial joint, laser treatment does not create such problems. Such therapy will even help to cope with the negative impact of traditional medicines.
Laser for physiotherapeutic procedures
The patient may be offered to undergo laser therapy if the inflammation has affected:
- the main joint in the jaw;
- temporomandibular joint;
- the mandibular joint.
In any inflammatory process, laser therapy is used to relieve tension, swelling and pain. Treatment of the affected joints is necessary in several stages. The initial task is to get rid of the pain. Then - to overcome the root cause of inflammation. And as a result, such treatment allows you to completely get rid of the disease.
The last step is usually the most difficult. It is enough simply to eliminate the symptoms of the disease and to overcome the infection that provokes them. But in order to achieve full recovery, a long rehabilitation course with the use of anti-inflammatory and analgesics is needed.
As soon as a patient has pain, physiotherapy is prescribed. Methods of treatment differ depending on the underlying cause of inflammation. Patients may be prescribed intraarticular injections, non-steroid drugs, antibacterial or antirheumatic drugs.
Correctly to select therapeutic agents can only the doctor, therefore to be engaged in a selftreatment it is not necessary. The specialist writes out the preparations taking into account the severity of the disease and its pathogen. Recipes from traditional medicine can be used, but it is advisable to consult a doctor beforehand.
It is necessary to impose a bandage on the mandibular joint. It will help reduce pain and immobilize the affected organ. This will eliminate its further damage.
What does arthritis of the temporomandibular( jaw) joint mean?
The arthritis of the jaw joint is considered to be an inflammatory process. This ailment leads to the fact that a person begins to feel the soreness that arises from the diseases of an infectious nature that the patient has suffered before. To provoke such a disease is also capable of metabolic disorders. This also applies to diabetes mellitus, congenital pathologies, various injuries, thyroid problems. Thus, the causes of the appearance of the indicated ailment can be very different, the symptoms will also be different. But what needs to be done to eliminate such an unpleasant disease?
How is arthritis of the temporomandibular joint manifested?
As noted above, arthritis of the maxillofacial joint has many causes, but very often people suffering from this disease suffer for 40 years, therefore at this age it is necessary to be especially cautious about your health and any changes that affect the general condition. Therefore, if a person starts to notice that it is getting harder to move his jaw, and this is accompanied by a sound of crunch, which occurs in the joints, a painful syndrome, then immediately consult a doctor, because such signs are a weighty reason for examination. In addition, this ailment has recently been common among the younger generation. For this reason it is necessary for everyone, regardless of age, to be observed regularly at the dentist.In addition, vnchs has some more reasons for the occurrence, which lie in the mechanical damage to the jaw( here we are talking about a dislocation, bruise, shock), hormonal dysfunction or hypothermia.
Arthritis of the jaw has many symptoms, but more often such a disease leads to swelling of soft tissues, severe pain in the affected area. By the way, even an ordinary yawn can lead to these unpleasant sensations, so you need to be extremely cautious.
If arthritis of the temporal jaw joint occurred due to an infectious disease, then it threatens with the following signs. The patient will feel severe pain, it will be hard for him to open his mouth, which will lead to serious discomfort. If you press on the damaged area, the pain will increase significantly and a feeling of otitis will be created. This ailment, as a rule, makes itself felt after a person has suffered a serious illness that belongs to the infectious nature. In addition, there is the possibility of specific infectious arthritis. However, this kind can be overtaken extremely rarely and only if the patient has also suffered a venereal disease that has fallen into the joint, for example, through the blood( this can happen through the lymph), which in any situation has a detrimental effect on the joint itself.
When the arthritis of the jaw has a purulent character, here the symptoms will be somewhat different. Thus, a person will feel the compaction in the area of the mandibular joint. This can easily be seen and visually, because at this point the skin will begin to blush and shrink.
Some features of
The patient also expects such a symptom as frequent dizziness and pain. In addition, it should be alarmed that the purulent arthritis of the temporomandibular joint can cause an increase in body temperature. This ailment most often makes itself felt when a person has an acute acute form of the disease.
If a patient suffers from a symptom such as sharp and sharp pain directly in the jaw, it means that he has a rheumatoid arthritis. In addition, for this form, there are also painful sensations in the limbs.
If the patient has a chronic degree of vnchs, then he will suffer constant pain. In the morning in the jaw joint stiffness is observed, and during the day any jaw movements will be accompanied by a crunch. In addition, during movements, pain can occur which will be sharp and symptomatic. It is very difficult to open the mouth more than 2 cm.
Thus, the symptoms of this disease are very serious, which brings discomfort, and sometimes even completely tolerate any manifestation becomes impossible. For this reason, do not hesitate to contact a qualified technician for help.
Treatment with traditional medicine
Individual arthritis is eliminated on an individual basis, that is, a doctor assigns medication to each patient depending on the course of the disease, as well as the characteristics of the patient, for example his age, which, even in the same cases, will not be identical or standard. For this reason, in order to thoroughly study the condition of the patient, the specialist first conducts a thorough examination. Then, if the diagnosis is confirmed, the doctor, as a rule, prescribes funds that have an anti-inflammatory effect, and also suitable pain medications. Often prescribed also medicines that have a hormone-containing character. Sometimes the doctor recommends also such useful procedures, which have the form of special medical gymnastics or all kinds of massages. Here everything depends on the stage and form of the disease.
For the treatment of acute arthritis, it is important to try the joint of the mandibular to deprive movement. Therefore, the specialist must impose an appropriate bandage. So, the doctor will place a special plate between the teeth. It can not be obtained for several days.
If the damage to the maxillary joint is due to injury, then the patient is first assigned medicines that can eliminate soreness. A person will have to consume them until the puffiness disappears and pain passes. It is necessary to wait and the full functioning of the jaw, that is, such treatment should be engaged in a sufficiently long period. After this, when the patient goes on the amendment, he will be offered to undergo an electrophoresis course.
During jaw arthrosis-arthritis of a chronic type, a long interval is required to undergo ultrasound and therapy sessions, which involves the use of bee venom, electrophoresis. It is important to understand that such procedures should be strictly under the supervision of the attending physician in the physiotherapy room, and not at home. Otherwise, there is a chance of harming one's own health.
As for rheumatoid arthritis, it can be treated with steroidal drugs, as well as with nonsteroidal and antibacterial agents.
Quite often, with this ailment, a purulent-inflammatory process can be formed, without the need for surgical intervention. When the patient after the operation will stay at the rehabilitation stage, he will be discharged with antibiotics, compresses, analgesics and UHF.
Elimination of pathology in other ways
Many are wondering how to treat arthrosis-arthritis of the jaw joint with the help of traditional medicine recipes, that is, at home, without recourse to a doctor. It should be noted that, of course, there are folk methods that are effective in dealing with the ailment, but they are not allowed to be used without first consulting a specialist.
Once everything has been discussed with the doctor, you can apply the following home methods. You can trust the treatment in the form of infusions on herbs. This should be attributed collection in the form of calendula, leaves of cowberry, St. John's wort, nettle. The broth is prepared in a standard way, that is, it is poured with boiling water and insisted for a certain time, after which it can be taken four times throughout the day. The duration of the course should be clarified by the treating doctor.
You can also use the rubbers for which the egg yolk is applied.
This ingredient must be mixed with other ingredients. This is apple cider vinegar in the amount of one teaspoon and the same amount of turpentine. Obtained ointment should be rubbed directly into the damaged joint.
Another effective method is to include a mixture that includes a black radish. This ingredient should be mixed with honey in the amount of two tablespoons. Then vodka( 100 g) and salt( a tablespoon) are added here. This gruel should also be rubbed into the joint, which was damaged, and then wrap the place with a warm cloth.
Before using any of the means mentioned above, you can do special exercises, that is, do gymnastics for the jaw. Then you can spread the joint with fir oil and then wrap some sea salt in the cheesecloth and apply directly to the area where unpleasant symptoms are observed.
How can we avoid the severe consequences mentioned above? To do this, one should constantly adhere to certain preventive measures, which involve the sanitation of the oral cavity, the timely correction of an incorrect bite. It is important to prevent tooth decay and tooth decay. If a person has been subjected to any injuries related to a person, it should immediately seek help from medical personnel. Do not ignore infectious diseases. It is necessary to treat them in time.
Still, if such a disease has disrupted the habitual way of life and brought serious discomfort, then without the help of a specialist, it can not do. Such an ailment is considered very serious, because in some cases it is difficult for a person to open their mouths, and eating becomes unbearable. And if you do not resort to appropriate therapy, the disease will soon adversely affect the internal organs. If you try to eliminate the disease yourself, it can cause the patient's well-being to deteriorate significantly. The consequences can be very different.
Here everything depends on the etiology of the disease. With rheumatoid arthritis, the lesion will continue to progress and grow into a chronic one, spread to the tissues, and possibly also to adjacent joints. Through time, many patients noted a complete lack of movement in the jaw, that is, ankylosis.
When an infectious form develops sepsis, since the jaw is located close to the brain, an unresolved disease will result in death.
Therefore, one should not indulge in self-medication, because this can only harm the health and lead to serious consequences. It is important to apply to a qualified specialist who will conduct a thorough diagnosis and appoint not only medicines, but also other procedures, will advise correct auxiliary and preventive methods of traditional medicine. They, in turn, will provide a stable remission.
Inflammation of the temporomandibular joint
Inflammation of the temporomandibular joint( TMJ) can develop as a result of an untreated trauma, a violation of the circulation of cartilage and bone tissue, or an infection. As a result, it becomes difficult for a person to chew food, talk and even smile, while the pain syndrome spreads almost throughout the entire lower region of the head and gives to the ears and whiskey. With an early referral to the doctor, the prognosis is favorable, but if the disease is neglected, doctors can not always choose a painless and effective therapeutic regimen, and the chances of a complete cure are significantly reduced.
Causes of the inflammatory process
The etiology of inflammation is different, and it is not uncommon for a stroke or a small jaw injury to lead to the development of arthrosis, which is characterized by painful manifestations. Sometimes inflammation occurs due to a poorly performed dental procedure. For example, when cutting gums and using non-sterile instruments, infection may get into the blood, which can provoke painful symptoms.
According to statistics, inflammation of the TMJ occurs most often against the background of arthritis and arthrosis. Other causes may be dislocations, muscle spasms near the TMJ, and fusion of bones.
General scheme of conservative therapy
Conservative treatment is primarily aimed at the anesthesia of the joint and the removal of edema. If there are no purulent processes, then it is not difficult to do, since doctors can now recommend a large number of anti-inflammatory and anesthetic drugs. The most important thing is to find out the cause of inflammation, as rheumatism prescribes anti-rheumatic drugs, and for infection - antibacterial drugs.
Methotrexate, which prevents the destruction of joints, and sometimes injections of steroids, can sometimes be prescribed. The latter are very effective, but it is not a secret for anybody that they are capable of having a negative systemic effect on the body, therefore their use is made only in extreme cases.
Treatment with folk remedies
If the causes of inflammation are banal, for example, pain symptoms have occurred due to hypothermia, then you can be saved from them by folk recipes:
- rub five cloves of garlic, and pour 600 ml of apple cider vinegar, and 120 ml of 10% alcohol,and then insist 2 weeks - adding to the mixture 20 drops of eucalyptus oil, lubricate the area near the TMJ;
- cook 20 minutes of burdock roots, and then roll them into gauze, and apply as a compress;
- melt the sugar in the pan and make a compress out of it, which must be fixed with a woolen scarf;
- do self-massage of the jaw with the help of essential oils.
You can also make compresses at night from fresh vegetables, but it's worth emphasizing that such remedies can not cure rheumatic diseases, so it's best to consult a doctor.
Arthritis of the maxillofacial joint( TMJ): symptoms, causes and treatment
In practice, the lesion of the temporomandibular joint( TMJ) arthritis is rare. That is why there are so few specialists who have a positive experience in the treatment of this rare disease. Arthritis, in fact, is an inflammatory process, and the cause for the lesion of the paired joint of the skull may be infections or trauma.
Depending on the underlying cause of the disease, there are two types of arthritis:
- is traumatic.
They can take an acute or chronic course. To arthritis of the maxillofacial joint can also lead to a different kind of rheumatic processes:
In addition, arthritis, characterized by infectious nature, is divided into two categories:
With any form of arthritis, treatment of the disease requires an integrated approach. The general treatment regimen includes:
- treatment for doctors of different profiles, incl.assistance of doctors of exercise therapy and physical therapists;
- use of anti-inflammatory drugs and analgesics;
- use of vasodilator drugs;
- application of surgical intervention with ineffective therapy;
- parallel use of traditional medicine.
Acute arthritis and symptoms of the TMJ
The emergence of acute arthritis of the TMJ of a traumatic etiology is provoked by various kinds of mechanical influences. To provoke the problem may be a stroke, a bruise or an excessively strong opening of the mouth. In this case, the victims complain of symptoms such as pain in the maxillofacial joint, which occurs when opening the mouth. In addition, the movement of the jaw in the vertical plane causes the chin to move toward the affected joint.
In the joint area, edema is observed, and her palpation is accompanied by a sharp pain. If the bone structures of the condylar process were not fractured under mechanical influence, the radiography does not reveal any deviations in the patient. And only with ruptures of the ligamentous apparatus causing a hemorrhage into the articular region, the radiograph shows an abnormal enlargement of the joint gap.
Usually, the development of acute arthritis, provoked by infectious diseases, occurs against a background of flu, colds, tonsillitis, etc. Arthritis of rheumatic and rheumatoid nature is caused by hematogenous infection or spread of infection during otitis, mastoiditis, parotitis, osteomyelitis of the jaw branch, etc.
The disease begins with severe articular pains, which are especially aggravated when the jaw moves. Emerging pains are often irradiated in different areas: tongue, ear, temple or neck. The pain passes in the directions of the ushovisochnogo, small occipital, large auric nerves, and also along the course of the auric branch of the vagus nerve, connected with the lingual-pharyngeal nerve.
The main distinctive features of pains, allowing not to confuse acute arthritis with neuralgia of the trigeminal nerve - locality and pulsating character.
In addition, there is a restriction of the motor capacity of the jaws - the mouth manages to open a maximum of 3-5 mm. Examination of the patient makes it possible to reveal an obvious swelling of soft tissues in the area located ahead of the tragus of the ear. Palpation is painful, and the hyperemia of the skin is obvious.
Acute arthritis can be transformed into a purulent phase. With purulent arthritis, the following symptoms are observed:
- congestion of the infiltrate in the articular region;
- hyperesthesia and hyperemia of the skin;
- positive reaction to C-reactive protein;
Strengthening of pain is especially noticeable when pressing on the chin area up and forward. The X-ray shows the enlargement of the joint space.
Rheumatoid arthritis can be accompanied by bilateral joint damage, and the examination of the patient is usually accompanied by the identification of cardiac diseases - heart disease, rheumatic carditis, etc.
Rheumatoid arthritis usually affects only one VLF joint, but patients experience pains in the shoulder,knee or hip joint. In rheumatoid arthritis, the TMJ is usually affected after the disease of other joints. The disease is not accompanied by visible cardiac pathologies, and the pain is not characterized by volatility.
Accurate diagnosis of acute arthritis is complicated by the similarity of its symptoms with trigeminal neuralgia, otitis, pericoronitis and other diseases, the clinic of which is accompanied by severe arthropathy.
Treatment of acute arthritis of a different etiology
With any etiology, the provision of rest to a sick joint is of paramount importance. For this, a sling dressing is used, applied together with a plate( liner) applied for several days. To feed the patient only liquid food is used.
The purpose of treatment of traumatic arthritis of the maxillofacial joint is, first of all, the removal of pain and resorption of blood flowing into the articular region.
- analgesics( 0.25 g three times a day);
- local hypothermia for 2-3 days;
- is further prescribed UHF therapy( daily 10-15 minutes for six days);
- electrophoresis of potassium iodide alternately with novocaine;
- are also recommended: paraffinotherapy, compresses with ronidase, mud therapy, ozokeritotherapy. If the pain continues, appoint 2-3 sessions of the diadynamic currents of Bernard.
The fight against rheumatoid and rheumatoid arthritis is conducted mainly with the help of conservative drugs under the indispensable supervision of a rheumatologist. Therapy includes steroid and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, antibacterial agents.
Special care requires the introduction of drugs - it is prohibited to inject more than one ml of solution into the joint at a time. Neglect of this rule can lead to a pathological stretching of the joint bag. The task of the dentist is to sanitize the oral cavity, as well as the selection of prostheses to ensure a normal height of the bite.
Especially dangerous purulent arthritis - it requires urgent surgery. Naturally, surgery to open and drain the inflamed focus is carried out in a hospital. After the operation, conservative treatment is shown, including UHF therapy, compresses, electrophoresis, diathermy and just dry heat.
Completeness and timeliness of treatment is a guarantee that acute arthritis, traumatic or purulent, will not be complicated by ankylosis. If the treatment of acute rheumatic or rheumatoid arthritis is neglected, the disease can be transformed into a chronic form.
The chronic course of the disease is accompanied by the following pronounced symptoms in the joints:
- aching pain;
- crunching and stiffness;
- stiffness in the morning, as well as after a resting state.
Pains can be permanent, spontaneous or aggravated when trying to resume the movement of the lower jaw. Opening the mouth( no more than 2-2,5 mm) is accompanied by a crunch and a shift of the chin to the affected side. Palpation is clearly painful, but the skin can and do not have any visible changes. The radiograph determines the apparent narrowing of the joint gap due to destructive processes in the integumentary cartilage.
Chronic arthritis of the TMJ flows against the background of a patient's satisfactory condition. The temperature is normal, the blood without any changes, but only the ESR increases to 25-35 mm / h. In case of an exacerbation, the disease can drastically change into the form of acute inflammation.
The treatment of rheumatic and rheumatoid forms of chronic arthritis of the maxillofacial joint is performed by rheumatologists. Traumatic arthritis can also be transformed into a chronic form. The treatment includes the following medical measures:
In medical practice, the arthritis of the temporomandibular joint is relatively infrequent. Therefore, doctors who have a positive experience in the treatment of this disease are few. Arthritis of the TMJ is an inflammatory process that occurs as a result of injuries or infections.
Causes of the disease
Depending on the factors that cause arthritis of the maxillofacial joint, it is divided into 2 types: traumatic and infectious. The disease can be either acute or chronic. Inflammation of the facial bone can also begin as a result of rheumatic changes: rheumatoid arthritis, gout, systemic lupus erythematosus. Infectious arthritis, in turn, is divided into 2 varieties: nonspecific and specific. In any case, the disease requires immediate complex treatment, which includes: consultation of narrow specialists( physiotherapists and doctors of exercise therapy), the use of painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs, surgical interventions, the use of traditional medicine and vasodilator drugs.Back to the table of contents
Acute arthritis of temporomandibular joint: symptoms
Traumatic acute arthritis occurs after various mechanical injuries. It may cause a bruise, stroke or dislocation. The patient thus feels a pain at movement of a jaw, displacement of a chin. In the affected area there is swelling, with palpation there is a sharp pain. If the bones of the condylar process were not broken during the impact, then the x ray does not show any changes in the patient. And only with the rupture of ligaments and hemorrhage into the joint area, the picture shows an atypical enlargement of the joint between the joints.
Infectious arthritis of the jaw joint usually develops after the patient suffers from flu or cold, sinusitis, etc. Rheumatoid and rheumatic lesions are most often caused by the occurrence of infection in otitis, purulent parotitis, inflammation of the temporal and maxillary bones, etc.
The disease begins with the appearance of sharp pain, which increases with the opening of the mouth. The pain often gives to other parts of the head: the ear, the back of the head, the tongue or the whiskey, then spreading to the large ear, occipital, abdominal and lingual nerves. A characteristic feature of painful sensations in arthritis, which distinguishes it from neuralgia of the facial nerve, is pulsation and local character. In addition, arthritis causes stiffness of jaw movements - the mouth can only be opened halfway. When examining the patient, there is an edema in the area of the locus of the disease, near the ear tragus, and hyperemia of the skin.
In the absence of proper treatment, acute arthritis can turn into a purulent arthritis. In this case, the patient complains of the following symptoms: accumulation of fluid in the joint bag, hearing impairment, narrowing of the auditory canal, fever, dizziness, increased ESR, vasodilation and hyperesthesia of the skin. Especially the pain is felt when palpating the chin area. The x-ray reflects an increase in the interarticular space.
Rheumatic lesions are accompanied by changes in the joints, and with a complete examination of the patient, pathologies such as rheumatic heart disease and heart failure are detected. In most cases, arthritis occurs only in one of the ventricles, but the pain can go to the shoulder, hip joints and knees. Arthritis of the temporomandibular joint usually occurs in combination with other pathologies of the musculoskeletal system. There are no obvious cardiac diseases, the pain is not of a volatile nature. Diagnosis of the disease is further complicated by the fact that its signs are similar to otitis, pericoronarthritis, neuralgia of the facial nerve.Back to the table of contents
Treatment of arthritis of the TMJ
For any reasons it is important to ensure rest to the affected joint. For this, a special bandage is used in combination with the gasket. It is necessary to wear it for several days. The patient at this time should eat exclusively liquid food. Treatment of arthritis of a traumatic genesis, first of all, is directed on removal of a painful syndrome and consequences of a hemorrhage. Treatment includes the use of pain medications, local hypothermia for several days, ultrasound sessions, electrophoresis, compresses, paraffin therapy, mud treatment. If the pain still can not be removed, sessions of diadynamic currents are prescribed.
Rheumatic and rheumatoid arthritis is treated mainly by conservative methods under the constant supervision of a rheumatologist. The course of treatment includes the use of non-steroidal and steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, as well as antibiotic therapy.
The introduction of drugs into the joint should be done with extreme caution, it is allowed to inject no more than 1 ml of the drug per injection.
Violation of this rule can cause a pathological expansion of the joint bag. In addition, the patient should visit a dentist who will choose the prosthesis that provides the optimal bite height and perform the oral cavity treatment.
The greatest danger is purulent arthritis. When it occurs, urgent surgical intervention is required. Such operations should be carried out only under stationary conditions. After surgical intervention, the patient is prescribed compresses, electrophoresis and UHF therapy. Correct and timely treatment of acute arthritis makes it possible to avoid its transition into purulent or ankylosing form. If the treatment is wrong or completely absent, the disease goes into a chronic phase.Back to index
Symptoms and methods of treatment of chronic arthritis of the TMJ
The chronic form of the disease has the following symptoms: crunch and decreased mobility of the joint, aching pain, limited movements in the morning and after rest. The pain can be constant, spontaneous or accruing on chewing. When opening the mouth, chin displacement may occur in the direction of the affected area. Palpation causes acute pain, but there can be no obvious changes in the skin. X-ray images show a decrease in interarticular distances as a result of degenerative cartilage changes. Chronic form of arthritis does not cause severe changes in the state of the patient's body: the temperature is normal, blood tests within the limits of the norm, however, the ESR can dramatically increase. At an exacerbation the illness passes in an acute form with all following consequences.
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The treatment of chronic arthritis is also performed by rheumatologists. Therapy includes the following recommendations: miogimnastika, electrophoresis iodopreparatov and bee venom, ozokeritotherapy, paraffin therapy, facial muscle massage. In addition, it is necessary to sanitize the oral cavity, and in accordance with the indications, prosthetic teeth are performed. In some cases, rheumatoid arthritis causes irreversible changes. Rheumatism, in most cases, can be successfully treated, which allows to fully restore the function of the joint.Back to the table of contents
Infectious-specific types of arthritis
This form of the disease is rarely diagnosed, it includes: tuberculous arthritis of the primary-bone allergic origin;gonorrheal arthritis, passing into purulent;syphilitic lesion of the maxillofacial joint is a slowly developing process with minor pain;actinomycotic - the least painful process with no destructive changes in the joint.
These forms of the disease occur against the background of the spread of infection in the blood. Treatment of such forms of arthritis involves the elimination of the primary cause, carried out by specialists of the appropriate profile. You need to treat arthritis immediately.