LFK: exercises with a hernia of the cervical spine. What should be the gymnastics with a hernia of the cervical spine?
Cervical hernia is one of the most dangerous pathologies caused by a sharp uneven force load on the body. Symptoms of this disease in all patients are almost identical. The person begins to feel pain in the neck, head and upper limbs, starting from the forearm, ending with the fingers on his hands.
Symptoms of a hernia
First of all, patients have symptoms of tingling and numbness all over their back. Hernia in the cervical spine can make itself felt and suddenly. Characteristic for the ailment of pain is often attributed to cervical and thoracic osteochondrosis of the spine. But, unfortunately, the hernia has more serious consequences.
How not to miss a hernia of the cervical spine
First of all, a person has headaches, sleep disorders, tinnitus, loss of orientation, frequent dizziness, even fainting, slowness. The patient becomes inactive because of pain in the cervical spine.
As a result of rupture of the disc( intervertebral cartilage), inflammation of the soft tissues occurs, which causes pain and tingling. Because of the pressure on the blood vessels of the bursting intervertebral disc, there is a slowdown in blood circulation. The blood flows slowly into the brain, which can cause even a stroke. The most terrible complication of the hernia of the cervical spine is paralysis of the upper and lower extremities.
Treatment of cervical hernia
Treatment of this disease can be not only conservative( the use of medicines to relieve inflammation and muscle tension, to improve the trophism( nutrition) of muscles, exercise, various methods of physiotherapy, etc.), but also operationalsurgical intervention).
Surgical treatment of the hernia of the cervical spine is performed only in complex cases of the disease, when nothing else helps and paralysis of the limbs begins.
Basics of conservative treatment, exercises
Exercises with a hernia of the cervical spine must necessarily be slow, smooth, without any sudden movements. Otherwise, the pain can intensify.
At the first moment after the onset of the disease, the main ones are measures aimed at returning the cervical disc in place, that is, it is important to return the spine to the correct position. This should be handled only by a specialist, otherwise there may be unforeseen complications.
All exercises with a hernia of the cervical spine should be carried out under the watchful eye of a physiotherapist or instructor in physiotherapy. Gymnastics, in the first place, should be aimed at strengthening the muscular corset. At the beginning of treatment it is very important to bring the muscles into tonus by dosing the load. And only after a period of recovery can you complicate the exercises, adding new elements. The instructor himself must follow how the patient is engaged, and only with his permission can continue the gym yourself at home.
Exercises for cervical hernia are very diverse. They can be performed sitting on a chair and on the floor or lying on a hard couch, as well as standing up. Do not do anything on a soft sofa or bed. This situation can lead to increased pain.
Exercises for a hernia of the cervical spine
The first movements are performed in a sitting position on a chair at the table. An obligatory condition must be the position of the hands. They must lie on the table, resting on their elbows.
1. We lift the shoulders up and slowly pull the muscles of the neck, forearms, the head behind them, then also slowly lower the hangers and, accordingly, pull the same muscles behind them. The number of repetitions each time will depend on the strength of the pain( if it is sharp, then 2-3 repetitions suffice, if you do not feel any unpleasant sensations, then at least 10-15 repetitions should be done).
2. We pull the shoulders forward, feeling the tension of the muscles of the forearms and neck, and then slowly take our shoulders back to the sense of "mixing" the shoulder blades. The number of repetitions in all exercises is based on the rule of "easy pain."A person should feel pleasant warmth in the muscles.
3. We proceed to circular rotation with the shoulders. Very slowly make a circle forward, then circle back. After that, you can increase the tension and the pace with which the patient does the exercise. Slowly, then quickly, then again slowly - and so on 4 repetitions in each direction.
4. Raise arms outstretched as much as possible, trying to bend back, but not touching the back of the chair. It is best to use a chair without a backrest so that there is no desire to relax and rest. Back throughout the session, should be straight. During this exercise, the patient should pull up the neck and head, creating additional tension in the muscles of the cervical region.
5. We bend our head down, and then raise it. Here, the muscles of the neck do not need to be pulled. The head should descend and rise freely, without effort.
6. Rotate the head to the right as much as possible. Then turn it to the left. At the same time we try to pull and stretch the muscles of the neck.
Please note that with a hernia of the cervical section, in no case should you do a circular rotation of the head. This can complicate the already dangerous situation.
Complex of exercises in the prone position
1. The patient lies on the stomach. The hands must be collected in the lock and put under the chin. Elbows bred in the sides. Hands straighten and with all the strength to stretch your head up, while the chin with a force to pull down. The body and stomach should not be lifted.
2. Put your hands on your waist, then lift your head and shoulders. Do not tear off the abdomen from the floor to hold out in this position for a few seconds.
3. Hands from the belt as slowly as possible translate into the sides, and then also slowly transfer them to the shoulders.
In exercises with a hernia of the cervical spine, it is necessary to include walking along the tracks, which must first be very wide, and then gradually narrowed. At this point, you need to lower your head down and, straining the muscles of your back and neck, follow the narrowing of the path. Also for these purposes you can use a narrow bench.
How to avoid complications
Gymnastics with a hernia of the cervical spine, together with massage and other medical products will help prevent the further development of this dangerous disease.
Thanks to a timely diagnosis, surgical intervention can be avoided. It is safe to say that exercise therapy with hernia of the cervical spine helps to cope not only with the hernia itself, but it is also one of the best methods to combat any diseases of the spine. These exercises increase the elasticity of the vertebrae, so that the risk of complications during exercise is significantly reduced.
Special exercises for mobility of the cervical spineThe cervical spine is the most mobile part of the spine. Thanks to him, we can turn the head to the right and left, bend it forward, back and sideways, make rotational movements. Unfortunately, with age, the spine loses its mobility. Develop all sorts of diseases, the most harmless of which is osteochondrosis. At movements there are painful sensations and feeling of constraint. To prevent this from happening, you should always perform special exercises for the cervical spine. This will allow to maintain the mobility of cervical vertebrae to full extent until old age.
Prevention of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine
Exercises for the prevention of osteochondrosis in the cervical spine are simple, they allow to strengthen the muscles that hold the intervertebral discs.
- Lumb put pressure on the palm, straining the muscles of the neck. We repeat three times for seven seconds. After that, press the back of your hand also three times for seven seconds.
- Straining the neck muscles, press left temple into the left palm, and then right temple - to the right palm. We execute three times in each direction, the duration of the pressure period is seven seconds.
- We will slightly tilt the head back, and from this position, overcoming the resistance of the muscles of the neck, we press to the jugular notch chin( five repetitions).
- Keep head and shoulders straight. Very slowly turn our head to the right as far as possible( five times).Then repeat the exercise in the opposite direction.
- The chin is lowered to the neck. Turn our heads five times to the right, and then five times to the left.
- We will tilt our head back and try to touch the right shoulder with the right ear, then the left shoulder with the left ear, in each side for five repetitions.
These exercises can be included in the morning warm-up, and can be performed throughout the day.
Exercises with protrusion in the cervical spine
Protrusion of the intervertebral disc is a pathological degenerative process in the spine, in which the nucleus of the intervertebral disc swells into the canal of the spine without rupturing the fibrous ring. This condition is one of the complications of osteochondrosis, with the progression of which the intervertebral hernia develops.
When protrusion of the cervical region should perform the same exercises as in osteochondrosis. Do not make rotational movements, as they can aggravate the situation. It is important to remember that when performing exercises, there should be no pain sensations.
LFK in hernia of the vertebrae
The intervertebral hernia is a protrusion of the intervertebral disc nucleus with rupture of the fibrous ring.
The purpose of the appointment of curative physical training with a hernia of the cervical spine is to restore the functional activity of the neck muscles and improve mobility in the intervertebral joints.
- Performed in a standing or sitting position, arms hang along the trunk. We perform head turns to the extreme left, then to the right, up to ten repetitions. There is a facilitated version of this exercise, in which you make a series of small in amplitude movements.
- Performed standing or sitting, arms along the trunk. Let's lower the head, press the chin to the chest. Repeat the exercise five to ten times.
- Exercise is performed standing or sitting, arms hang down along the body. Throw back smoothly and slowly head back, while simultaneously pulling the chin up. Repeat the exercise five times.
LFK with instability of the cervical spine
Instability of the spine is its pathological mobility when the normal amplitude of movements increases.
Therefore, the purpose of treatment sessions in this state is to stabilize the position of the vertebrae.
Exercises are performed in a sitting position on a special simulator, which can be constructed independently from a rubber bandage. It is folded in half, loose ends firmly fixed to the wall so that in the position of a person sitting, it was at eye level.
The patient's head bandage covers at the level of the forehead and serves as a limiter. In such a simulator perform a series of slopes to the right - left and back - forward. For 10 - 20 repetitions. The treatment course lasts six months, but maintains constantly.
Thus, by performing a series of simple exercises for the cervical spine, you can protect yourself from the development and progression of pathology in this area.
Therapeutic exercises for the cervical spine: a description of effective exercise complexes
Spine diseases can cause headaches, sore throats, poor vision and dizziness.
The importance of competent diagnostics, timely treatment and prevention of vertebral diseases is due to their widespread prevalence, severely tolerated pain syndrome and the occurrence of a variety of complications.
The best means, included in the complex of prevention and treatment of diseases of the cervical spine are massage and therapeutic gymnastics.Contents
It is the gymnastics that plays the leading role.
Special exercises are aimed at relaxing and bringing muscles into tone, increasing their functionality.
What is important to consider when starting a set of exercises:
- Your main task is to bring the muscles into tone. You need to make them flexible enough, so exercise should be done slowly and rhythmically. Too fast, sharp movements can do much harm: they injure tense muscles, only worsening their condition.
- The gymnastics are performed on a flat surface.
- Required inventory: mat, chair, rollers or cushions.
- Periodicity: each exercise is performed three times, then go to the next.
- If you experience discomfort, the load should be reduced.
Effective exercise complexes
Improved mobility of the vertebrae, restoration of the plasticity of the neck musclesRecommended for chronic cervical diseases, rarely used for acute pain to weaken it.
Recommendations : with acute pain, wear a bandage for several days - this will ensure peace of the neck and vertebrae muscles, improve sleep.
Exercise # 1
Sitting on a chair or standing, lower your arms along the trunk and turn your head first to the extreme right, then to the left.
The purpose of the exercise: to provide such a state of mobility of the cervical vertebrae, in which the nose and chin are located above the shoulder at the maximum turn.
Lightweight version of the exercise: do in each direction a series of movements with a small amplitude.
Exercise # 2
Sitting on a chair or standing, lower your arms along the body and lower your head down, pressing your chin as hard as possible. Try to feel the chin with your chin.
The purpose of the exercise: improving the flexibility of the neck, stretching the chained muscles in the back.
Exercise # 3
Sitting on a chair or standing, lower your arms along the trunk and move your head back, drawing your chin.
The purpose of the exercise: adjusting the posture, in which the neck with the head "stretches" forward, stretching the tensed muscles.
Complex № 2
It is recommended for chronic forms of diseases of the cervical region.
Purpose: strengthen weakened muscles, maximize their relaxation, reduce painful sensations.
Exercise No. 1
Sitting, place your hand on one forehead. Do the head incline forward, pressing your palm against your forehead, as if to prevent movement.
The purpose of the exercise: strengthening the weakened muscles, developing the mobility of the vertebrae, achieving the correct position of the head. Sitting, put your palm on the temporal area. Alternately, tilt your head to the left and to the right, pressing your palm against your temple.
The purpose of the exercise: strengthening the lateral cervical muscles, improving the mobility of the vertebrae, reducing pain syndrome.
Exercise # 3
Sitting or standing, drop your arms along the trunk. Raise your shoulders to the maximum possible position and lower them.
Exercise # 4
Sitting or lying, massage the area between the occipital bone and the back of the neck where the muscles are located.
Exercise # 5
While sitting or lying down, massage the shoulder blades in the place of attachment to the neck muscle.
Gymnastics for the treatment of hernia of the cervical spine
For the treatment of a hernia of the cervical region, the following exercise is recommended:
From the position "sitting straight" take a deep breath and throw your head back, the sight is directed to the ceiling.
Hold in this position for a few seconds, go back to the original one.Herniated cervical spine is the second most frequent occurrence after lumbar spine. More information about symptoms, diagnosis, as well as conservative and surgical treatment, see the article "Treatment of the hernia of the cervical spine."
Gymnastics for the treatment of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine
Exercise No. 1
Lie down and maximally straighten the body. The left arm is on the chest, the right hand is on the stomach. Even breath. Hold your breath for 10 seconds, exhale and relax.
Exercise # 2( continuation of the first)
Turn over on the stomach, legs straight, avoid deflections. Lift the upper thoracic region with the head and lower to the starting position.
Exercise No. 3
Lie down on your back, legs bent at the knees. Alternately, make turns of the body to the right and left. The interval between each turn is 20 seconds.This disease occurs in every second person aged 25 to 40 years. In our article "How to treat the cervical osteochondrosis?"you will learn about the causes of osteochondrosis, its symptoms, as well as the classic options for fighting it.
Gymnastics for the treatment of cervical spine protrusion
Exercise No. 1
You will need a wide board with a smooth surface. Its size should allow you to lie on the board in full growth. To one of the ends of the board, you need to attach 50-centimeter
Set the board so that the upper end is 130 centimeters from the floor.
Place your belly on the board, extend your hands into the straps, under the knees - a pillow.
Carefully change the angle of the board, adjusting the load on the vertebral column.
Exercise No. 2
As a support, take the board used in the first exercise. You can also use a wooden stool.
To stretch the back muscles, lie on the pedestal, touching it with your stomach.
Prolong the stretching of the muscles, performing alternate inclinations back and forth.
Keep an eye on the correct distribution of body weight: the main load should be felt between the lower abdomen and the upper humeral girdle.
Exercise 3( lateral traction)
If the pain is manifested in the right side, lie down on the left. If the pain is observed on both sides of the spine, perform the exercise alternately on each side.
The upper part of the trunk extends forward, while the lower part tilts backwards.
Exercise # 4. Walking on all fours.
Stand on all fours, straighten your back and begin to "bypass" the room.
Exercise No. 5
Lie on your back, your legs are in the maximum straight position. Socks pull on yourself, touch the sternum with your chin. Thus, the muscles of the neck will stretch, and the spinal column will stretch.
Gymnastics for the treatment of spinal cord spondylosis
When spondylosis is not recommended perform gymnastics on their own. This disease requires the supervision of an experienced instructor to perform each exercise.
It is important to perform gymnastics as accurately and smoothly as possible, avoid unnecessary excessive loads.
With regular performance, the circulation of the cervical region will improve, muscles will return to tone, physiological mobility of the spinal column will be restored.
Gymnastics for the treatment of cervical spine chondrosis
Gymnastics for osteochondrosis is necessary to reduce pain, strengthen the neck muscles and prevent recurrence of the disease.
- Series of neck turns. Each turn must be done very slowly, with a fading in the extreme point for a couple of seconds. The view should be directed straight ahead, the head lifted.
- Head inclinations. The inclination of the head in each direction must be carried out until the ear touches the shoulder. The shoulders are as relaxed and depressed as possible.
|When practicing gymnastics, you need to follow a systematic approach. Only regular exercises will produce the proper effect. Before performing the exercises, you need to adequately assess your own abilities: general health, training level.|
10 effective exercises for cervical osteochondrosis
Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine every year "becomes younger".Headaches, numbness in the hands and dizziness are increasingly complained to by young people under 30 years of age.
This situation is provoked by the lack of sufficient activity and sedentary work. As a treatment and prevention of osteochondrosis is recommended gymnastics or exercise therapy( exercise therapy).Regular exercise improves the nutrition of the intervertebral discs, increases blood circulation in the muscles, the brain receives more oxygen, the vertebrae become mobile, and the muscles become supple.
The main condition for an effective result is the doctor's control over all the stages of gymnastics. This is the only way to guarantee a safe recovery.
Two sets of exercises for osteochondrosis of the cervical department
Gymnastics for osteochondrosis of the cervical department should be developed by the doctor taking into account the peculiarities of the patient's condition: treatment of the disease or prevention, the presence of other pathologies of the spine, diseases of the cardiovascular system and so on.
All exercises during treatment should be done daily and take at least 15 minutes.
Today there are many methods for the treatment of cervical osteochondrosis. A simple and effective method of gymnastics includes two complexes designed to relax and strain the muscles of the neck.
The first set of exercises
Consists of three exercises, aimed at treating chronic osteochondrosis, but can also be used in acute forms during periods of remission.
The purpose of the complex is to improve the mobility of the cervical vertebrae, the plasticity of the neck muscles. Such exercises relieve tension and contribute to the normalization of blood circulation in the injured zones.
- # 1.Position of the body - standing or sitting, hands are lowered along the body, the back is even. Soft turns of the head are made in the extreme right and left sides alternately, while trying to place the chin clearly over the shoulder. When performing, you should be guided by pain. If the pain does not allow you to perform the exercise accurately, you can replace the turns with short movements of the head in a certain direction. Number of repetitions: 5 to 10 times.
- # 2.The initial position of the body, as in the first exercise. The head is tilted downwards so that the chin touches the thoracic cavity, while it is necessary to relax the back muscles of the neck as much as possible. With springy movements, it's easy to try to lower your head even lower. Such an exercise is aimed at developing large back muscles of the neck and improving the flexibility of the cervical vertebrae. Repeat the slopes 5 to 10 times.
- # 3.The initial position of the body, as in the first exercise. It is necessary to pull the neck back, keeping the head evenly, while drawing the chin. This exercise is aimed at correcting the "goose" posture, when the neck and head are tilted slightly forward. The number of repetitions is 5-10 times.
The second set of exercises
Consists of three exercises and is designed primarily for the treatment of chronic osteochondrosis.
- # 1.In the sitting or standing position, you must put the palm on the forehead and press it, while tilting the head forward - counteracting the head and palm. Thus, the correct position of the vertebrae is maintained, the muscles of the anterior part of the neck are strengthened, and the elasticity of muscles is improved. The number of repetitions is 10 times for 10 seconds.
- # 2.This exercise is similar to the above, only the palm is applied alternately to the temples. In the process of carrying out such gymnastics, lateral cervical muscles are strengthened, painful manifestations are reduced, and the condition of the vertebrae is improved. The number of repetitions is 10 times for each temple, the duration of counteraction is 10 seconds.
- # 3.Standing or sitting maximally raise the shoulders to the ears, hold this position for 10 seconds. After that, relax, lower your shoulders, breathe in and relax the muscles of the shoulder and neck, hands must also sag freely. Save this body position for 10-15 seconds. This exercise allows you to relax the lateral muscles of the neck and make them more elastic. The number of repetitions is 5-10 times.
This gymnastics can be carried out independently as a preventive and in the process of treatment. More complex elements that exist in medicine need to be carried out only with the help of a qualified physician.
If you experience headaches with cervical osteochondrosis, pay attention to this complex.
These exercises will also help with the symptoms of chest osteochondrosis. Read more about symptoms.
Expert opinion of the doctor - recommendations to patients
On personal experience I was convinced that the use of exercise therapy for the prevention and treatment of osteochondrosis of the cervicothoracic spine is the only correct decision at any stage of the disease.
Anesthetic ointments and gels only relieve symptoms, but do not struggle with the cause - the degeneration of the intervertebral discs. Only constant activity and properly selected complexes of exercise therapy will help to get rid of sharp pains and improve the patient's condition. Useful tips for effective classes:
- Any gymnastics is performed only during the remission of the disease, otherwise the lessons can lead to deterioration.
- All exercises should be performed without significant effort and pain: maximally stretch the muscles and stretch the vertebrae is prohibited. Strength exercises can be carried out only after strengthening the neck muscles and after consulting with the doctor.
- Complexes with tension and relaxation of muscles should alternate.
- Each exercise should be performed smoothly without sudden movements and attacks. It is important to maintain proper posture.
- For a positive effect, charging should be done daily at a convenient time. Even after the pain syndrome disappears the need for exercise therapy remains, since it is almost impossible to completely restore the health of the neck.
I recommend to use at any convenient moment to maintain the health of the cervical spine. This requires up to 15 minutes of free time and a calm environment.With regular exercises as prevention, the risk of the disease decreases, brain activity rises, even posture remains. And during the treatment such activities are simply necessary to exclude the deterioration of health.
After all, the body is adapted to activity: walking, running, swimming. A multi-hour seat at the table at the monitor - an unnatural pose. To minimize the damage from negative influence, it is important to use any free time with benefit for the organism, including for maintaining the health of the spine.
I highly recommend video with exercises for cervical osteochondrosis from Tatyana Chekalova. Competent and effective gymnastics:
Therapeutic exercises for cervical osteochondrosis - photos and videos
Quite often you can hear people complaining of a headache or that they "pull their necks".Such symptoms can be manifestations of some minor ailments, but, at the same time, it can be a consequence of serious diseases, for example, osteochondrosis of the cervical spine. This insidious disease can develop due to certain factors that have started to operate since childhood. It's about wrong posture, education of bad habits, lack of useful physical activities and so on. Therefore, it is important that exercise therapy with cervical osteochondrosis is performed.
The development of osteochondrosis is accompanied by extremely unpleasant symptoms, among which there are permanent headaches, blood pressure jumps, a veil before the eyes, dizziness and so on. Most pain brings pain in the head and neck, which can "prick," "cut", "pull", "whine" and the like. In addition, over time, dizziness may appear, sluggishness, inability to think and work, begin to "stab" in the hands, dumb language and so on. As you can see, the list of symptoms is quite impressive and they are all quite serious.(On the topic: exercise therapy with cervical osteochondrosis).
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To understand the specificity of the development of symptoms in the cervical osteochondrosis, it is not superfluous to recall its structure. The upper cervical spine consists of 7 vertebrae. They all touch through the vertebral disks, near which pass the nerve endings and blood vessels that provide the muscles of the face and brain with all the necessary substances and oxygen. In addition, through the holes in the vertebrae, an important artery passes and if it is squeezed by displaced vertebrae, a number of severe symptoms instantly manifest.
As scientists have found out, even an unfavorable climate and difficult weather conditions can provoke the appearance of osteochondrosis.
Occurrence of an osteochondrosis sometimes becomes a professional disease, which is peculiar to people:
- engaged in sedentary work;
- constantly lift and carry heavy loads;
- are forced to spend a lot of time standing up;
- has a genetic predisposition;
- engaged in professional sports, where excessive physical activity is the norm.
Methods of exposure
As the main non-medicinal methods of struggle, which are applicable for osteochondrosis of the cervical region, they allocate health-improving gymnastics, physiotherapy, hydrocolonotherapy, and blockades in especially severe cases.(On the topic: exercises for the neck with osteochondrosis).
It should be noted that the useful physical exercises that achieve the exercise of a special therapeutic exercise complex developed for patients with osteochondrosis are the core around which all other methods of treatment should be combined. Physical training with osteochondrosis of the cervical department allows to reduce edema, to create a muscle corset, to normalize the blood supply and, accordingly, nutrition in tissues, to increase mobility and much more.
The main types of exercise therapy for osteochondrosis of the cervical spine are complexes for the coordination of movements, relaxation of muscles, respiratory gymnastics, strengthening of the muscles of the back, shoulders, neck, swimming exercises and so on.
For the treatment of patients with osteochondrosis and rehabilitation in the rehabilitation process, various types of massage are actively used: segmental and therapeutic, classical and reflexotherapy, traction and manual therapy for cervical osteochondrosis.
The implementation of preventive methods can prevent the appearance of osteochondrosis and reduces the likelihood of pain in the upper back, neck and head. It is very important to control the posture, develop the muscles of the neck and back, regularly carry out exercises, move more, receive useful physical activity and so on. To slow the emergence of the disease and further recovery, the physician prescribes therapeutic exercise in accordance with the current stage of the development of the disease and the physiological characteristics of the patient's body.
The results of exercise therapy in osteochondrosis of the cervical department
Physical exercises for cervical osteochondrosis, prescribed for exacerbations of the disease, should consist of exercises that relieve tension from the muscular tissues of the neck and shoulder girdle. This allows you to ease the pain. After this, you can assign new exercises aimed at strengthening the muscles of the shoulder and cervical spine, which will reduce the burden on the intervertebral discs and reduce the likelihood of osteochondrosis.
According to the popular opinion, it is best to use special isometric exercises as a prophylaxis and treatment for the manifested osteochondrosis of the neck, since they can be performed anywhere, no additional equipment and time is required to perform them. A simple complex of isometric exercises will take only five minutes, which allows them to be used during short breaks for workers in seated occupations.(On the topic: gymnastics with cervical osteochondrosis).
Carrying out such gymnastic complexes, a strong muscle corset is formed, the blood supply is normalized, eyesight, hearing, memory are improved, and the effectiveness of mental work is greatly increased. With regular isometric exercise( every day after about 3 hours) pain syndrome is easily eliminated.
Below is a simple but extremely effective set of isometric exercises, which involves reaching the muscle tension by resisting resistance.
- The palm of the left hand is attached to the left side of the head, for example, to the cheek, after which they begin to press hard with the palm so that the head protrudes and does not move.
- Having locked their fingers in the lock, they put them on the forehead and begin to press on it, trying to throw their heads back.
- The palm pressed into the fist is placed under the chin, after which the head is tilted down, counteracting the movement of the chin with the fist so that the muscles of the neck are strained as much as possible.
- Again clasping his fingers in the lock, his hands are turned over his head and put his hands on the back of his head, starting to press them against the back of his head, trying to tilt his head forward.
- Putting your left palm on your right cheek, you should try to make head turns, giving it all possible resistance. Then the hands are changed and the exercise is repeated.
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LFK and neck massage
LFK with a hernia of the cervical spine.
Therapeutic independent massage with a hernia of the neck can be done both before the beginning of exercise therapy and after the end. The duration is 3-5 minutes. The following techniques are used: stroking, rubbing, pressing, vibration. Massage of the cervical spine is performed with a brush of that hand, which is more convenient to reach the desired place. Starting position: lying down or sitting on a chair. Fingers and palms begin to work well on the muscles of the neck. Are used comb-shaped, grasping, plucked movements. Then you can go to pressure, pokolachivaniyu, pat. In the end - to a point massage. Purpose of massage:
- Provide an analgesic, absorbable effect.
- Restore the lost mobility of the affected joint. To normalize the amplitude of motion of displaced vertebrae.
- To assist the preparation of the cervical department for the beginning of exercise of exercise therapy.
After the massage is over, you can proceed to the next stage.
Therapeutic physical training in hernia of the cervical spine is a special exercise designed for gradual, effective treatment.
They are constantly updated, supplemented by the latest developments and recommendations. Here are some examples of them:
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- The starting position, sitting on a chair or lying on a rug. Hands are located along the trunk. Smoothly turn the head to the stop to the right. Return to the starting position. Then slowly turn the head to the left to the stop. Breath deep, uniform. Repeat 6-10 times in each direction.
- The starting position is the same. Slowly move your head down, until the chin rests against your chest. Then also smoothly return to the starting position. Do 6-10 times.
- The starting position, sitting or standing. Slowly we throw our head back. Chin at the same time try to draw. Do 7-11 times.
- The starting position, sitting on a chair. Tilt your head to the left, trying to press your ear to your shoulder. To die for 5-6 seconds. Then also slowly return to the starting position. Repeat the same movements to the right shoulder. Do 2-4 repetitions to each shoulder.
This physiotherapy exercise will not only work through the muscular tissues of the cervical spine, but also positively affect the pinched nerve. All exercises should be done carefully, without jerks and strong tension in the affected area. The main thing is not to damage the hernia.
It should be understood that the cervical spine has its anatomical features. Therefore, exercise therapy and massage with a hernia of the neck must necessarily take into account these circumstances. Therapeutic exercise is especially effective for the prevention of osteochondrosis. After all, it is he - the main reason for the appearance of a hernia in the spine.
Recommendations of the expert
Today on the Internet, it is not a problem to find a video with LFK sessions with a hernia of the neck. But we must remember that the first sessions must necessarily be coordinated with the treating neurologist. Otherwise, you can earn negative complications. Treatment of the intervertebral hernia of the cervical spine should be delicate, accurate, accurately dosed.