Foot massage with flat feet in adults
Diseases of the musculoskeletal system are very common among the adult population. One of the most frequently diagnosed pathologies is flatfoot. Among the methods of correction and prevention of flatfoot, an important place is occupied by foot massage. The massage techniques help to remove fatigue of the legs and muscle clamps caused by prolonged standing or walking, restore muscle tone, activate blood circulation and lymph supply of the foot, relieve the painful sensations and improve the damping properties of the sole.
There are not enough one-time sessions for correcting flatfoot. The course of massage should contain from 10 to 15 procedures, which are recommended to be performed every other day. The massage lasts an average of 10 minutes.
When performing foot massage, you must massage your leg muscles all the way to the hip and waist. Pay attention to the lumbosacral spine is necessary, since in this area of the spinal column the innervation of the lower extremities originates. The massage of the waist, which precedes the work with the lower limbs, will make the effect of the foot massage more pronounced.
Professional foot massage involves the following techniques:
- Strokes .They are carried out by the supporting surface of the palm or by the knuckles of the fingers compressed into a fist.
- Knife grinding .This method is processed by the elevations of the fingers and the arches of the foot.
- Rubbing .It is performed by circular movements of the fingertips. This method stimulates reflexogenic points on the sole.
- Vibration .It is performed with the help of effusions, pressure, rubbing, patting and shaking.
- Flexion and extension of the joints of the fingers.
There are two main massage techniques for correcting flatfoot. The choice of a masseur by one of them depends on the degree of deformation of the foot.
- With the first method at the beginning of the session, warm-up movements of a general type are produced, capturing the area from the fingers to the knee joint. After massaging the shin from all sides. Then they work the sole and finish the session with a thumb massage.
- In the second method, the eggs, the heel tendon, the outer surface of the shin, the foot and the sole are massed first. At the end of the session again work with the gastrocnemius muscle and finish with a massage soles.
The masseur should pay special attention to the work with the posterior surface of the shin, which is severely affected by flat feet. This area is stroked, shocked, rubbed and patted. To begin massage of a shin it is necessary from stroking to exclude painful sensations.
It is important to massage the ankle joint with transverse flat feet and longitudinal flat feet. It is first rubbed, then stroked. The inner area of the ankles is actively stimulated.
The front of the thigh is treated with any possible massage techniques.
Self-massage The most effective massage will affect your health if it is performed by an experienced masseur with medical education. But if the patient does not have such an opportunity, you can perform self-massage.
In order to perform the massage yourself, one has to take the initial position: to rest the foot of one of the legs in the edge of the chair.
- With one hand pull up the little finger, and the other to lower the ring finger of the bent leg, then change the position of the fingers in reverse. Do this exercise with all your toes. Repeat 5-10 times.
- Hold the heel with one hand and pull the other up and lower all the toes immediately. Run 10 repetitions.
- Perform trimming techniques on the sole and shin for 30 seconds.
- Half a minute to rub on the sole of the base of the fingers, then the heel area. Carry out movement with both hands.
- For a minute, perform stroking of the foot from the fingers towards the heel.
- Put your palms on your ankle and stroke your knee with strong movements. Then do the kneading movement in the same direction. Touch again. All movements are carried out 10 times.
- The actions of the previous paragraph are performed in the direction from the knee joint to the hip joint.
- At the end of the session, the foot should be patted from the foot to the groin 10 times.
- Perform all actions in the same sequence for the second leg.
Also self-massage can be done with the help of special massage devices: rugs, foot massagers, massage balls.
Video of the foot massage
You can view the 15 minute video lesson on stop massage.
It should be remembered that massage can not be performed for patients who have skin diseases and vascular disorders. In other cases, massage has an exceptionally beneficial effect, and the sooner the treatment is started, the more complete and quick the recovery will be.
The meaning and function of the muscles in the development of flatfoot
Normally, the foot consists of many small bones that are joined together by ligaments and joints. Their movements and rotation are controlled by tendons and muscles. During the movements of the legs, the muscles lengthen and shorten again, changing its shape.
All the muscles of the foot are conventionally divided into two groups.
- Located on the sole, as well as the muscles of the back surface. They play a big role in the processes of flexion, extension of the dilution and the reduction of the fingers.
- Plantar muscles divide, in turn, into the muscles that raise the pinky, the muscles that lift the thumb and middle muscle group. This group is much weaker than the plantar ones.
In addition, the posterior and anterior tibial muscles of the lower leg participate in the functions of the foot. From their condition depends not only the biomechanics of the foot, but also the lightness, smoothness, stability of the gait.
Foot formation in children
In children up to a certain age, the foot appears flat, since the plantar part of the small child is shorter and wider than the adult. Piggy baby seems small, and fingers seem to diverge in the form of a fan in different directions. The plantar part in its composition has a fat layer that smooths the vaults of the foot.The flat structure of the foot and the lowering of its arches are the reason that children under the age of 3-4 years quickly get tired when walking. Over time, the legs get normal shapes, and feet appear on the sole. Flat feet can develop for many reasons, but one of them is muscle weakness.
This can occur due to paresis, paralysis, injuries, diseases, as well as great physical exertion on the sole. Foot massage with flat feet is one of the methods of complex conservative treatment that gives good results if used together with therapeutic gymnastics, wearing special shoes and insoles.
Foot massage with flat feet has its own peculiarities and techniques. At its carrying out it is necessary to consider, that innervation of the bottom extremities begins at a level of a backbone, therefore it will be useless to spend a separate massage of feet or only stop. Experts advise to carry out massage movements, starting at least from the back, then gradually move to the front and back of the thighs, and only then massage the lower legs and feet.
Techniques that are used for the massage of the shins and feet, are different, but basically two are used:
- Massage with flat feet begins with the muscles of the calf( calf), then smoothly passes to the Achilles tendon, ankle joint, from there to the sole. After a few minutes of massage the plantar part again go to the ankle joint, tendons and calf muscles.
- General massage, starting from the knee area and gradually descending to the fingertips. After that, the inner and outer surfaces of the lower leg are massaged, then they go to the sole and end with the thumb.
Receptions use those that are used for general massage - kneading, stroking, squeezing, vibration, pressing, squeezing. As a supplement, you can use a variety of massage mats or rollers. The only contraindication for carrying out is considered varicose veins of the legs, which occurs mainly in adults.
Massage with flat feet in children has the following rules.
- First you can use the simplest techniques and rules, gradually moving to complex tricks.
- All receptions are carried out cautiously, and at crying or crying the child should stop. The reason for this behavior of the child may be a careless move or insufficient experience of the nurse conducting the procedure.
- The movements are carried out only in the prone position, so as not to create an additional load on the whole locomotor apparatus of the child. The joints and ligaments of the baby are not completely formed, and sudden tremors can injure the bone system.
Separately it is necessary to tell about massage at a varus or a flat-valgus deformation when in addition to the development of flat feet, the feet fall inward or the heel deviates somewhat outward. With this deformation, not only the feet deform, but also the ankle, knee and hip joints. Therefore, massage with flat feet of such forms should be done carefully, so as not to give the child unpleasant sensations.
How many courses should be performed
The course of the massage should consist of at least 12( with a mild flat foot) or 20 sessions( in severe cases) that take place every other day. By time the procedure can take from 7-10 to 20 minutes. A year can be a minimum of 3-4 courses.In case of congenital pathology, stop massage can begin already at the age of 1.5-2 months at least 45 minutes after eating. Usually the procedure is carried out until the result is obtained. Massage in adults such a result as in children, usually does not give, the reason is that in an adult the musculoskeletal apparatus is already formed.
It is not recommended to conduct the massage itself if the parents do not have skills or special education. With any suspicion of flat feet, you need to consult an orthopedic doctor for advice and start conservative therapy as soon as possible, in the complex of which massage is necessarily present.
Causes of flatfoot in children
It should be remembered that congenital flat feet in children today is extremely rare. The development of this deviation can be affected by environmental factors, as well as many other features, among which special attention deserves to wear uncomfortable or tight shoes.
The child's leg should be formed correctly and in a natural position, so parents are advised to purchase shoes of the appropriate size with a tight and even hard back.Make sure that your child's heel does not exceed 5 millimeters of heel, so that no extra load on the foot is created.
The specialists compiled the main list of factors that can cause the development of the disease:
- Heredity( if parents had the same problems in their childhood, children up to 8-10 years are required to show the orthopedist once every six months to prevent the rapid development of the disease)
- wearing a tight, uncomfortable, too large shoe
- Serious load on the foot surface( especially often seen in toddlers with a lot of weight)
- Polio or developing cerebral palsy
- Traumas of feet of different nature
- Rickets or diseases of the musculoskeletal system
Existing problems should be solved in the shortest time if you want to save your child from suffering and pain.
And further in the treatment of flat feet in children may need more radical measures.
Symptoms and Diagnosis of Plane-Footage in Children
How to identify a flatfoot child? Symptoms of the onset of the disease are almost identical in all children. Congenital ailment is manifested in the fact that one foot touches the floor surface almost completely. The constant stress on the foot and heel only aggravates the situation.
If to look at children of 5-8 years, then the development of flat feet can be determined by the appearance of pain during walking or after a long standing on the spot.
In addition, we advise you to pay attention to the condition of shoes: if the protector is worn on the inside of the sole, it means that it has a flat foot.
Among the symptoms stand out stupid and aching pain in the foot area, to which many children complain. And next morning after sleep, swelling of the legs may appear, which is the first "bell" and the need for an urgent visit to the doctor.
Among the main symptoms of developing flat feet in children are the following:
- Cramps in the calf part of the legs
- Constant aching pain in the feet
- When squatting can not keep the balance
- The leg is no longer fit in ordinary shoes
- The walk changes cardinally
- There is a violation of posture
- thumbon the leg acquires the wrong shape and develops the lateral "bone"
If any of the listed symptoms appear in your baby, then surely he will visitGet a doctor to get specialized treatment and competent advice how to get rid of a problem that in adulthood can bring a lot of inconvenience.With regard to the diagnosis of flat feet in the child, the doctors conduct a thorough examination of the heel and foot. If the foot has corns, scrapes of the skin, and also cyanotic areas, then this indicates the presence of the disease.
If a doctor has doubts about the diagnosis, a small patient is treated with the procedure of plottography - the foot contour is completely printed on paper using a special paint.
During the procedure, he should stand evenly, with a straight back so that both limbs are under the same load.
In more neglected situations, the undergoes - the physician measures all significant foot indicators, on the basis of which it is possible to compose longitudinal and transverse indices and compare them with ideal parameters.
It is established that even the slightest deviations from such indicators may indicate that the ailment begins to develop.
The development of modern technologies allowed us to carry out a procedure known as the electromyography .
Ultimately, the doctor has a complete picture of the state of the muscular system, as it has a direct impact on the development of the disease.
Well, the most common method for determining the presence of flat feet in children is radiography .
Pictures give the doctor a general idea of how badly the foot is damaged and at what stage the disease is. Looking ahead, we note that men often require foot shots from the polyclinic when it comes to service in the Armed Forces.
What is the danger of flat feet in children?
The danger of flatfoot lies in the sad consequences that any child can face. For example, the damping of the foot is seriously disturbed, increasing the tension of the joints and muscles of the shins.Incorrect load distribution leads to additional effects on the spine. And already he, in turn, can lead to more serious problems with the body.
Children with flat feet can not stand long hiking, quickly get tired, and also have a depressed state, as they can not have fun like other children.
The worst thing is that it is at an early age by the age of 14-15 that can lead to disruption of posture and spine diseases.
Massage and manual therapy for flat feet in children
How to cure flat feet in a child? Manual therapy and massage are effective tools for treating children's flat feet. The technique of foot massage differs somewhat from the usual back massage, as certain muscle groups are affected.
This allows not only to improve blood flow in the legs, but also to tighten the muscles of the arch of the foot, which are responsible for shaping the contour.
Next, you can see a video that shows how to do exercises and massage with flat feet in children. How to communicate with them, so that it is not boring.
Massage with flat feet - a fairly long process, which is carried out for one and a half months. Masseurs affect not only the foot and caviar muscles, but also the buttocks of the baby in order to reduce stress in the lower parts of the body.
In addition, often doctors recommend that you perform massage sessions and to improve posture, which is disturbed by flat feet.
- Foot massage is the first stage of the procedure. The masseur with the palm of the hand begins to smoothly rub the surface of the foot to relieve tension from her. With your fingertips, the whole foot is rubbed from the heel to the fingers. Special attention is paid to the interdigital space and the heel. Every masseur can have his own technique, so ask advice from his friends and relatives who already had to treat this illness with their children.
- Shin massage - the second stage of the procedure. The masseur smoothly switches from kneading and heeling to the shin area. Muscles require careful massaging, special attention is paid to the inside. All hand movements should be directed upwards( into the knee joint area).
- Massage of thighs and gluteal region. Massage of the gluteal and femoral area should be gentle and gentle, so as not to cause pain. Be sure to use vibration reception with your fists to strengthen the effectiveness of the procedure.
Massage and manual therapy are ways to create real miracles. One month after the procedure begins, you will be able to notice positive changes with your child. When can a newborn be given a massage? This is a purely individual question and your pediatrician will tell you the answer to it.
And in some cases during this time and does manage to get rid of the disease, which prevented your child from enjoying communication with friends and active games.
LFK and exercises with flat feet in children
Therapeutic physical training is aimed at activating the development of leg muscles. Correctly selected exercises and their timely implementation in almost 95% of cases allow you to completely get rid of flat feet. Do not forget that exercises should be performed in comfortable and light shoes.
How correctly to treat flat feet in children? Doctors and do recommend doing all the medical exercises barefoot. All exercises of physiotherapy exercises can be built in the form of a game that will please every kid.
The main task is that you can by any means be interested in your baby, make him constantly perform the necessary set of exercises that he needs so much to get rid of the disease.
Let's consider some of the most effective exercises of exercise therapy:
- Walking on socks. During this exercise, you should ensure that he has the right posture, and his hands are constantly on his belt. Execute the exercise should not more than 40-50 seconds.
- Walking on the outside of the foot. This exercise may seem painful, but this feeling will be gone after 3-4 lessons.
- Walking on a roller or a special gymnastic stick. You can walk on them sideways to exclude the occurrence of cramps.
There are more than 25 different exercises with the use of additional accessories that allow the child to get rid of the disease.What if the neck crunches when you turn your head? And other signs of cervical osteochondrosis, as well as their treatment.
You can learn how to do a speech therapy massage with a toothbrush to correct a speech defect in toddlers: http: //vsetelo.com/detskij/ dt-bolezni / defekt-rechi / logopedicheskij-massazh-zubnoj-shhetkoj.html
What is pressotherapy? Features of this type of massage in this article.
Plane prophylaxis in children
For preventive purposes, the child should be allowed to walk barefoot around the house for a while. Until he starts walking alone, do not buy him different shoes that have a negative effect on the development of the foot.
All physical activities for children under the age of 10 years should be clearly standardized, or even better, if an experienced teacher engages in upbringing. Foot massage and constant exercises to activate the leg muscles are important requirements.
Gymnastics with flat feet in children is very useful. Daily exercise will have a powerful positive effect. The main thing to do it regularly. We also recommend to purchase a flat-foot mat for children. It is not expensive, but its benefits are confirmed by many pediatricians.Also ensure that all shoes are matched to the size of the foot.
Thus, today there are all opportunities to save your crumbs from flatfoot.
The main thing, put maximum effort into it, instill in him a love for physical exercises, and also do not forget to consult a doctor periodically.
You need to deal with such ailments as soon as possible. So, for example, to eliminate a speech defect, doctors recommend performing a speech therapy massage of the tongue. If this problem is left unaddressed, then, like the flat feet, it will pour into the problem of all life.
Flattening in adults: causes, prevention and treatment.
If you have signs of flatfoot, it is necessary to correctly correct the flaws of the feet with individual orthopedic insoles. Flat shoe insoles do not protect the feet from overloads.
Pediatricians( foot specialists) can remove the pain by a wedge-sized pad with a match. The whole trick is how to place the foot under the foot. With the help of correctly made individual insoles, exercises, special massage, manual therapy of orthopedic insoles, many problems of feet and lower limbs can be solved without medication.
Individual soles, exercises, special massage, manual therapy of joints and soft tissues of the feet-will ensure you ease of gait.
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Kiev International Massage School, massage courses "Master Class" offer you a cutting from the training video on the basics of children's therapeutic massage and gymnastics, showing some elements of corrective gymnastic exercises with flat feet.https: //www.youtube.com/ watch? V = Uka_Qom2IRY