What can and can not be eaten with a gout
The joint accumulates a salt of uric acid, which corrodes the cartilaginous tissue of
Gout is a disease that increases the concentration of uric acid in the blood, which causes the joints to swell and hurt. Most often there is a primary form of the disease, the cause of which is malnutrition. Therefore, to know that you can not eat with gout is necessary.
Disease attacks often provoke the consumption of a large number of dishes from meat, legumes and fish. Special attention should be paid to the presence of animal fat in products - such food is harmful. Drinking alcohol is also harmful.
Principles of nutrition in case of
disease It is recommended to exclude foods containing easily digestible carbohydrates from the diet. In addition, you need to streamline meals, do not eat a large number of foods at a time, preferably 5 times a day in small portions. Much attention is paid to drinking: the patient should drink at least 1.5 liters of fluid per day.
A prerequisite is the presence of one day off during the week. On such days you can eat fruits and vegetables, but not more than two kinds, eat rice porridge on the water, compotes without sugar, fruit drinks, herbal teas.
With gout, the food should limit the consumption of protein. The calculation is as follows: 0.8-0.9 g protein per 1 kg of the patient's weight. As for vegetable protein, it should be at least 30 percent of the total number of elements consumed per day.
Fat is also subject to restriction. Their amount is calculated based on the use of 0.9-1 g of fat per 1 kg of body weight of a person. However, it should be noted that these elements of plant origin should be more than 35 percent of the diet, while animal fats should be as small as possible. This is due to the fact that vegetable fats have fatty acids that have a good effect on the metabolism of patients suffering from gout.
Attention should be paid to the energy value of food. After excluding fats and proteins with the help of other products, you should achieve the number of calories that is necessary for normal human life. This is due to a greater intake of carbohydrates.
Now let's talk about fluid intake. For normal operation of the urinary system, which is responsible for removing uric acid, it is necessary to drink 1.5 liters of water per day. Consuming 2 liters is possible only with the excellent functioning of such internal organs as the kidneys, vessels and heart.
This diet is maintained and when the disease is in a calm phase, not exacerbated. It is worth noting that during this period, the diet may not be so strict. When exacerbating, you need to reduce not only the amount of protein, but also the salt, oxalic acid, use the correct heat treatment products. In this case, we are talking about stewing, boiling and boiling.
People who are overweight and suffering from gout, especially need to limit the consumption of fat and fast carbohydrates.
The patient's condition can facilitate the rightly selected products. What can you eat with gout?
- All kinds of cereals, except oatmeal.
- Eggs. Sour-milk and dairy products.
- Baking and bakery products.
- Cheeses, but slightly salted. Nuts, except peanuts.
- Vegetable oil.
- Soups, but they should be without meat.
- Honey and jelly.
It is important to eat foods that are enriched with vitamins C, B1 and niacin. They make it possible to accelerate the excretion of urate from the body. In addition, food on a plant-based basis, which includes a purine, will do less harm to the patient than, for example, a small dose of alcohol and a large amount of banned meat. Fatty meat products can cause a recurrence of the attack.
It should be said about the products that are allowed for use with gout, but with few restrictions. It's about lean varieties of fish, poultry meat, especially boiled. You can add a little butter in the porridge. For salads it is allowed to use tomatoes, but not more than three pieces per week. In dishes, lettuce and parsley are allowed.
With gout, you can eat plums, turnip, oatmeal and mushrooms, but only during remission and in small amounts. In this case, you need to monitor the condition of your body and at the first signs of an exacerbation to exclude these foods from the diet.
It should be remembered which products are categorically prohibited for use with gout. During an exacerbation of the disease, and this is about one or two weeks, fish and meat are banned. The same applies to salt, which is a part of many dishes. These products are allowed in very small quantities. You should carefully study the recipes of dishes.
Banned and the following products, as well as dishes from them. Broths of fish and meat.
What does diet number 6 include?
This diet is recommended for gout and is aimed at removing nitrogen compounds from the body. In addition, the dishes on the menu exclude the use of food containing oxalic acid and purines. The diet is aimed at preserving the health of organs such as the kidneys. If a patient has obesity, the diet limits the intake of carbohydrates, including sweet food and baking.
The menu, allowed by the diet, includes any soups from vegetables, potatoes, cereals, vegetarian and milk soups. You can eat cold dishes, cabbage soup. Products made of rye and wheat flour or pastries with bran are allowed.
Fish and meat can be eaten in two weeks, when the acute stage of the disease passes. These products are cooked or steamed. It is allowed to eat 200 g of lean fish and 400 grams of lean meat per week.
Dairy products should have a total fat content not exceeding 2 percent. This applies to drinks, including kefir. The fat content of cottage cheese should not exceed 3 percent, and sour cream is 10. You are allowed to eat cheese, namely cheese, ricotta and mozzarella. All of them do not contain a lot of salt.
Any grains, except oatmeal and legumes, 1 chicken egg per day are allowed. With regard to vegetables, it is allowed any, except for banned. They are used fresh or boiled, cooked steamed, baked and stewed. Fruits - also any, except for illicit, you can eat dried fruits. Sweetmongers are allowed to use honey, pastille, jam, marmalade, compotes, milkshakes, green tea and diluted juices, berry fruit drinks, broths of wild rose and hawthorn.
You can add laurel leaves, cinnamon, dill and parsley to the dish. The weight of the meat portion should not exceed 150 g and the fish portion 160 g. On the day of unloading, 300 ml of dairy products, 400 g of fruits and vegetables and about 2.5 liters of liquid should be consumed. The patient should not go hungry, this is contraindicated because of the increased concentration of uric acid.
With gout, you should distinguish between what you can not eat, and what you can and even is useful. Recipes of dishes containing prohibited products must be deleted immediately, otherwise the return of the disease is inevitable. Compliance with the diet will help not only to avoid exacerbation, but also to improve the overall well-being of the patient, which is extremely important for gout.
What kind of diet for gout: approximate menu
Gout develops as a result of a metabolic disorder in which uric acid salts are not completely eliminated from the body and deposited in the joints. This disease brings severe pain, especially in the phase of exacerbation, deforms the joints of the hands and feet. Observance of the therapeutic diet for gout reduces the risk of outbreaks, prolonging the state of remission.
Basic rules for eating with gout
When gout is necessary, observe several specific rules for feeding:
- never overeat;
- to eat at the same time;
- eat 5-6 times a day in small portions;
- not to starve, observing the balance of nutrients;
- reduce to a minimum high-calorie foods;
- remove foods containing purine substances from the diet;
- a complete ban on alcohol.
And now let's take a closer look at what a diet should be for this disease. An example menu will be provided at the end of the publication.
What can not be eaten with gout?
Every gout should clearly represent that it can not be eaten under any circumstances. As mentioned above, it is necessary to completely remove foods containing purines from the diet, since these compounds take a direct part in the synthesis of uric acid. The banned products include:
- legumes: peas, lentils, beans;
- chocolate and cocoa;
- coffee and black tea.
The leader in the content of purine compounds is black tea - in 100 g of this product is present up to 2800 mg of purine. By the way, neither coffee nor tea in the production of uric acid is involved, but their diuretic effect, decreasing the level of water in the cells, increases the concentration of this acid.
What else excludes diet for gout of legs and hands? Strangely enough, it's such a useful product as honey. Gout is not worth eating, which is due to the presence in it of oxalic acid, which does not have the best effect on the treatment of gout.In the acute phase, a complete rejection of fish and any, even dietary lean meat is needed.
Any products that can dehydrate the body should be removed from the diet. This is why it is also forbidden for gout salty, spicy and alcoholic.
What can I eat with gout?
With gout, the body especially needs vitamins, antioxidants and fiber. Therefore, a large part of the diet should be vegetables and fruits. Of course, except for those that contain a lot of purines. Do not forget to regularly eat nuts in small quantities, be sure to add to the dishes such greens as dill, and as much as possible. For cooking, choose vegetables and fruits:
Extremely useful for gout tomatoes, eat them as often as possible( just not canned!), These vegetables contain a decent amount of vitamin B and fiber.
Fasting is not indicated for gout, but during exacerbations, fasting days are useful and necessary, in which only compotes, water and juices are consumed.
Outside exacerbations, it is allowed to eat lean rabbit meat, chicken without skin, cheese, chicken egg, cottage cheese. By the way, in yolk in very small quantities there are purines, so do not get carried away. For example, prepare an omelet from two proteins and only one egg yolk.
Principles of the therapeutic diet number 6
Alcohol for gout, especially during the exacerbation, is strictly prohibited
The most common diet for gout is the therapeutic diet number 6, the basic rules of which can be represented thus:
- remove the salt from the diet or reduce its amount to a minimum1 g);
- eat less protein - meat, legumes;
- limit the maximum of solid fats, for example, margarine, pork fat;
- completely exclude products with a high content of oxalic acid, including currants, beans, beets, beans, beer, eggplants, celery, etc.;
- , instead of broth from meat, mushrooms or fish, make vegetable broths;
- drink enough water: up to 2 liters per day.
Garlic is also recommended for use, as it not only kills pathogenic microbes, but also destroys carcinogens in the body, reduces cholesterol.
Sample menu for the day
It's up to the individual to make a useful menu for himself any day, the main thing is to know on what principles a diet should be built for gout. The table below contains an approximate menu for one day.
What can not be eaten with gout
During the exacerbation the patient is prescribed bed rest and complete rest. The main food should consist of liquid or semi-liquid food. With particularly acute pain, the first day should be spent on a day of unloading. Do not take any heavy food. It is better to focus on juices, jelly, mineral water, compotes.
The next day in the diet, you can enter a more complete food. It is desirable that it contains a large amount of minerals and vitamins. In the process of exacerbation, do not consume broths that have remained after cooking chicken poultry.
Do not forget to drink a lot
A lot of liquids, this is most important with a disease like gout. As a rule, finding out that you can eat with this disease, many completely overlook the abundant drink. Of course, it's not all drinks that can be drunk in large quantities.
It is advisable to refrain from drinking such drinks as highly carbonated lemonades, alcohol, canned drinks. It is better to give preference to such drinks as non-carbonated mineral water, herbal tea, compotes of apples or strawberries, fruit drinks.
It is useful to brew tea from cranberry leaves. Well, of course, in large quantities you can drink the most ordinary water. In addition to compulsory use of it during the day, be sure to take before drinking any food at least one glass of liquid an hour before eating.
Improving the diet of
Do not think that with gout you will lose tasty food completely. In fact, with gout, there is a fairly large list of foods that can be deliciously cooked and eat without worrying about the excessive deposition of salts:
- can be prepared with vegetarian soups, with the addition of various cereals;
- is allowed to eat dietary meat in small quantities, for example, turkey meat.
Many people who suffer from this disease are interested, but is it possible to eat honey for gout? Undoubtedly, this is the very natural sweetness, the use of which is not forbidden, but it should also be eaten in moderation. Honey can be added to tea or infusion of herbs. It is very important to remember that you can not eat with this disease products enriched with purines. For example, legumes.
Gout - can it be cured?
The question that worries all the sick. To cure this disease it is possible. This will take a long time and complex treatment. Any person who has already encountered gout should remember that all folk remedies are ineffective without the necessary diet.
If you eat correctly and apply complex procedures( for example, make foot baths, wraps), then you can be sure that you will not wake up at night from an acute attack of pain in the leg.
In addition to knowing what foods can not be eaten with gout, every patient should know that the pain syndrome can disappear and without treatment. But this fact does not mean that the disease itself has gone away.
If you do not act and ignore the disease, in the future, gout will return. You can be sure that the next time the attack of pain will be stronger several times.
With a progressive disease, it will spread to larger joints, and also affect the functioning of the kidneys and urine of the excretory system. In the future this can cause disability.
How to live with such a disease
This disease should cause the ill, first of all, to reconsider their way of life. This applies not only to proper nutrition. Known since ancient times, "sore" has been studied by many luminaries of medicine. The same Hippocrates claimed that this is a disease of fat and rich people who love a lot and tasty food.
But, despite multiple external factors, hereditary predisposition plays a significant role in the occurrence of gout at the age after 40 years. And to a greater extent, it affects men.
According to the statistical data, there are only 1 woman among the nine men who have sex with men. Today in Russia there are over 14 million people suffering from this disease.
If you find the first signs of a disease, then you should not wait until it manifests itself with all its force. Get rid of bad habits and get used to a more lively lifestyle.
For many years, scientists have repeatedly been saying that in the human body everything is interconnected. And the first cause of all diseases is not only the wrong diet, but the very way of life.
Having provided proper nutrition and a set of physical exercises, you can get rid of gout without letting it spread. Nobody says that now you have to expose yourself to the massive loads in the gym every day. You can find more alternative ways. For example, swimming is an ideal option. Pleasant and very useful for health. You do not know how to swim?then you have a great opportunity to do it with benefit for your own organism.
Do not forget about proper nutrition. Be sure to exclude from your diet foods that can not be eaten with gout. If you adore sweets, then you can completely replace them with honey, but in moderation.
During discomfort in the joint, do not be lazy, and every day make foot baths. They will help to prevent pain during exacerbations, and also relieve inflammation.
What about steam?
If you like a sauna or a sauna, then you need to know if you can sweat with gout. At any stage of the disease, neither the sauna nor the sauna is prohibited. During bath procedures, you should drink plenty of fluids. This prevents kidneys from overloading and will protect you from the formation of stones in them. The fact is that during bath procedures, with increasing temperature, the body increases blood flow, which can lead to increased formation of uric acid. It is a large amount of liquid that can significantly smooth out this process.
Summing up, I want to note that gout is a disease that can be got rid of. But if she has already shown herself to be chronic attacks, exacerbations, it will take a lot of time to heal.
Agree that any disease is much easier to prevent, than then treat it and its consequences. That is why it is worth right now to analyze your lifestyle, your diet and change it so that after forty you do not get to know such an unpleasant illness as gout.
Gout Foot Trap
Once upon a time, extremely rich and noble people suffered from gout disease. Indeed, the higher the standard of living of people, the more often it occurs.
It is known that during the war, under difficult economic conditions, this disease is practically not affected.
In men, gout occurs 20 times more often than in women. The primary age of the newly infected is 40-50 years. In children, gout is very rare, usually in cases of hereditary impairment of uric acid metabolism.
For the first time the disease was described by Hippocrates, who called it a trap for the foot( podos - stop, agro - trap).The great healer believed that the causes of the disease lie in gluttony and alcohol abuse. It was only in the nineteenth century that medicine established the connection of gout with a high content of uric acid in the blood, which is formed during the breakdown of proteins and is a white, poorly water soluble powder. If uric acid is formed more than normal or its elimination from the body is not enough, it begins to be deposited in the joints in the form of sodium monoaurate. The process of deposition of monourate in tissues also causes a gouty attack. Especially prone to this are people who are prone to crystal formation.
Classification of gout
Clinically, there are three stages in the course of the disease:
- I acutely arthritic arthritis arthritis;
- II interstitial gout;
- III chronic tofusnaya gout.
Acute attack of gout
As a rule, gout exacerbation begins suddenly at night, after a plentiful feast with a lot of meat and alcohol. The payment for a nice time is truly terrible. Pain grows rapidly, the joint that has fallen from the trap blushes, swells, becomes hot to the touch. The patient does not find a place, the slightest touch, even the bed linen, to the affected joint is extremely painful( symptom of the sheet).The body temperature can rise, there is a chill. It seems to the unhappy man that a dog is tearing his fangs into his body and tearing the tendons into parts. A gout attack can cover other joints, and within a few hours a person becomes practically immobilized. At first, such an attack can go through a day or two, the gout temporarily retreats only with a protein-free diet and without any treatment, but after a while it will come back again. Chronic leaking, the disease affects the entire body, so starting from the first metatarsophalangeal joint, gout gradually involves other joints with a similar picture of inflammation. For example, gout knee is characterized by redness, swelling, pain, severe movement restriction, effusion to the joint. When puncturing the joint in the synovial fluid, crystals of urate sodium are detected.
One of the characteristic symptoms of gout is the formation of tophi gouty nodules, which are local clusters of urate crystals in the subcutaneous tissue. Tofuses on the arms in the region of the elbows and metacarpal joints, forearms, on the legs in the field of the Achilles tendons, over the joints of the feet, on the extensor surface of the thighs and lower legs, on the forehead, in the region of the ear canals, as well as on the internal organs, including the kidneys,heart, pericardium and blood vessels.
As a rule, gouty nodes are painless. Soreness can occur if nearby tissues are involved in the inflammatory process.
At present, much attention is paid to the treatment of patients during the inter-attack period, despite the fact that they feel normal. This is the cunning of gout, as in the absence of acute symptoms, the exchange of uric acid remains disturbed and without proper treatment in the tissues microtophytes continue to form. Disease as a clever hunter freezes in anticipation that the victim will break the diet or, for example, will be injured. And after waiting, he slammed his hellish trap harder on the next joint even more zealously. But if only this. Much more terrible consequences of the disease are the defeat of internal organs, including the heart and kidneys. Chronic kidney failure, for example, can lead to death.
Diagnosis of gout
The diagnosis of gout is made when there are specific complaints and symptoms, laboratory data, radiography, positive dynamics in response to colchicine treatment. Unfortunately, in some cases the patient's medical history may not describe the characteristic arthritis of the disease, and gout is diagnosed at a late stage, when its effects are revealed: severe kidney damage and chronic kidney failure.
Treatment of gout should be comprehensive. First of all, it is a diet with the exception of products, the cleavage of which produces a large amount of uric acid: meat of young animals, fish, beans, peas, fish caviar, beer, etc. It is necessary to comply with bed rest and take a large amount of liquid to improve the excretion of urate from the body and prevent the formation of urate and oxalate stones in the kidneys. In addition, treatment of a patient with a diagnosis of gout provides for normalization of body weight, preferably under the supervision of a physician, to prevent rapid weight loss, which leads to excessive formation of uric acid and gouty crises. From medicinal preparations the doctor can prescribe non-steroidal anti-inflammatory, colchicine, in some cases glucocorticoids, and in the interictal period, allopurinol to maintain a normal level of uric acid in the blood.
In addition, much attention should be given to changing the lifestyle of the patient. Psychotherapy should be directed at this. It is quite difficult to work with such patients, because it is about changing habits and behavior patterns. And the patient is ready to change only when he hurts. Pisodes of the acute manifestation of the disease are short enough to have time to rebuild their lives and develop new habits, and at the time of the attack not before. Therefore, only the joint work of a psychologist and the patient himself can bring results.
Gout: symptoms, treatment, diet for gout
Who among you has never seen people wreak havoc on their toes?"Shishka" or "bone" - as people call these growths. You are lucky if you do not belong to the number of people who "wear" such "jewelry" on their feet. But, unfortunately, nothing lasts forever, and health, too. Scary bones, turning the big toes, is nothing more than one of the manifestations of gout.
Gout is susceptible equally to both men and women. In men, by the way, gout begins to develop at a younger age - after 40 years. Women tend to surrender to the mercy of "cone" is closer to the age of sixty. However, gout can begin to develop rapidly and at a younger age, "giving" suffering in the form of severe pain and eternal farewell to beautiful shoes with high heels.
Even if you are absolutely sure that you will never suffer this fate, it is better to know the likely enemy in person. Gout is younger and chooses its victims among young people. This is a chronic disease, getting rid of it completely will not succeed. The first symptoms may appear as early as 30 years. If in a family someone from the older generation has "bumps" on his legs, then with a high probability you can predict a not too joyful future for your joints. Gout is an inflammatory joint disease.
What is gout, symptoms of gout
A typical development of gout is gouty arthritis. It starts with the inflammation of one joint, more often - near the big toe. Sometimes several joints can be affected at once, both small and large: knee, ankle, joints of hands. But in the vast majority of cases gout begins its attack on the body precisely on the joint near the big toe.
The disease develops rapidly, more often - at night. Suddenly, for no apparent reason, the joint begins to ache heavily, it swells, the skin in this place turns red and feels hot. Sometimes the body temperature rises to 39 degrees. The patient's joint becomes immobile, and the pain syndrome can not remove the usual pain medications. In the afternoon the pain subsides, that by the night, flare up with renewed vigor.
Such symptoms torment the patient from two to seven days. Sometimes an acute period can last for weeks, literally exhausting a person.
Then, even without any treatment, the inflammation seems to go away by itself. Only a small increase in the joint remains, yet not deforming the foot. So the period of remission comes. It can last six months, a year, and then again there is an exacerbation, which will further increase the joint. After several attacks, the thumb can be already turned out from the outside, the "bump" will grow - and the person will be deprived of many joys of life, in particular, wearing beautiful open shoes.
But not only this is fraught with gout. The sprouting joint near the thumb is only the first swallow. Next, other joints can also become inflamed, the disease will spread throughout the body, eventually not only disfiguring the body, but also making painless movement impossible.
In addition to joint damage, the symptoms of gout are the appearance of kidney stones. Periodically, renal colic may occur, blood pressure may rise. This is typical for twenty percent of patients. In extremely rare cases, gout can affect the heart muscle.
The main reason for the occurrence of such a formidable and unsympathetic disease is called a metabolic disorder.
Treatment of gout
Treatment of gout includes several methods: medication, directed, first, to normalize the metabolism, and secondly, to reduce the pain during the period of exacerbation;dietary( the diet is able to normalize the metabolism) and folk remedies.
If you already have problems, you need to see a doctor. Given the general state of our healthcare, be prepared that a doctor can not "see" anything serious in your condition. Insist your local therapist on the need to submit a urine test( with gout in the urine found traces of protein) and examination by an endocrinologist. Then, actually, and begin treatment.
The main task that is put in the treatment of gout is a decrease in the level of uric acid compounds, which provoke inflammation of the joints and cause the appearance of kidney stones. The doctor will prescribe special, so-called, uricosuric drugs that promote the excretion of uric acids from the human body. Usually a three-, four-week admission of special drugs is enough to alleviate the condition of the patient. In addition, treatment will be prescribed to relieve the inflammation of the joint. Doctors say that it is important during the treatment to drink at least two liters of clean drinking water - it also contributes to the removal of salts from the body.
There are many non-traditional methods of treating gout, radioactive substances possess a very strong effect in the fight against this disease. In particular, radon or hydrogen sulphide baths perfectly stop pain, relieve inflammation and permanently save from new exacerbations, since salt is removed in a short space. The same effect has also the inhalation of radium emanation.
Gout is a chronic disease. It is impossible to get rid of it, but it is possible to remove the onset of a new exacerbation for an indefinite period by competent therapy and preventive measures, thereby saving yourself from "happiness" to see on your feet disgustingly twisted fingers. By the way, overgrown "bumps" can be removed only surgically, and surgeons are very reluctant to take under the knife ladies of mature age with a bunch of chronic health problems. Therefore, all the forces should be directed to prevention.
Diet for gout
One of the most important methods for both treating gout and preventing it is to follow a diet aimed at reducing the amount of uric acid compounds.
The most important condition of nutrition is to minimize the flow of salts into the body, as well as products that can trap salts in the body.
What you can not eat categorically
First, any sausages and smoked products, as they contain in large quantities of salt, and not only traditional cookery. By the way, it must also be included in the list of prohibited products. The salt-cellar will have to be removed from the table. Forever!
Secondly, meat and fish dishes. They are the source of purine bases, which should be avoided. Among such products are also peas, beans and beans. Mushrooms and lard are also banned.
Since it is impossible to completely abandon fish and meat dishes, and from the point of view of health it is unsafe, meat, poultry and fish can sometimes be eaten - about twice a week. Portion should be calculated from the calculation of grammes of meat per kilogram of weight. It should be dishes cooked with a minimum amount of salt and spices.
You can not eat canned food - the content of salts in them literally goes off scale: and it is difficult for a healthy organism to cope with such content of harmful salts.
Under the ban, rich meat and fish broths, strong non-alcoholic drinks, such as coffee and tea, and alcohol. Especially you can not drink beer and wine.What you can eat safely
All kinds of vegetables are allowed, except for sharp ones( horseradish and radish type), and cauliflower, celery, sorrel and spinach. Prohibited vegetables contain a large number of salts.
You can eat all the fruits, both from our Russian gardens( plums, apples, pears), and gifts of southern countries( oranges, bananas, grapes).
Low-fat, and better - skim milk and dairy products, useful yogurt and low-fat cottage cheese.
You can eat cheeses that are not too salty and fatty.
Chicken and quail eggs are also on the list of allowed products.
All kinds of vegetable oils, as well as butter, are allowed. Margarine and pork fat are banned.
You can eat any cereal, preferably cereals of whole grains: buckwheat, millet, rice, oatmeal.
Unsweetened pastry is allowed. However, you should not abuse rolls - they can provoke an increase in the level of uric acid.
Any kind of nuts, including exotic ones, as well as honey can be placed on the table.
Unloading with gout
With gout it is important to have a healthy water-salt balance. Support it in the norm will help mineral water. However, what and in what quantities of water to drink, should advise the doctor. Improperly selected water can worsen the condition.
In medical nutrition, great importance is given to unloading days. For example, in one day eat up to two kilograms of cooked vegetables or fruits. During the unloading day, you can eat only one type of product. For example, two kilograms of baked apples or two kilograms of boiled potatoes without salt.
Other options for unloading days will be advised by your doctor.
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Gout - diet: permitted and prohibited productsIMPORTANT KNOW!Doctors are dumbfounded! The pain in the joints is FOREVER!Just before bedtime. .. Read on - & gt;
Factors leading to the development of gout are: inactivity;lack of clean, fresh air and an unfavorable ecological situation;disturbed drinking regimen. But the most important factor is malnutrition. The disease, unfortunately, is incurable, but the condition can and should be stabilized with the help of a diet. By giving up a number of foods and eating other healthy foods, you can alleviate the symptoms of gout.
General principles of the diet for gout
Gout - symptoms, treatment and diet is an extensive field of medical research, which it is not difficult to familiarize with.
However, there is still a common perception that gout is a disease of glutton, and it is enough not to overeat, to give up fatty and fried foods, smoking and alcohol, then gout will recede. Alas, this is not entirely true.
When gout is almost the most important is the diet. Meals should be oriented at the same time each day. You need to eat 4 or 5 times without overeating , but without limiting yourself in nutrients. Excess weight is harmful, but it is also harmful and a sharp decrease in weight. Therefore, you need to monitor yourself, arranging unloading days as needed and do not eat high-calorie foods.
Gout: Prohibited Foods
The diet for gout is a temporary measure, it is a principle of nutrition, even a way of life based on the care of one's health. First of all, in your diet, you must necessarily reduce consumption( or exclude altogether) those products that contain purines - compounds involved in the synthesis of uric acid. The daily norm of purines for gout is about 100-150 mg. In a healthy person, it is much higher - up to 800 mg of purines.
It's the food rich in purines that is forbidden for gout. High purine products include:
- black tea( 2800 mg), coffee( 1200 mg), cocoa( 1,900 mg), chocolate( 620 mg);
- peas( 45 mg), beans( 44 mg), lentils( 70 mg), rice( 18 mg), oats( 30 mg);Veal( 48 mg), beef( 40 mg), goose( 33 mg), low-fat pork( 70 mg), fat pork( 48 mg), liver( 95 mg), animal language( 55 mg);
- sardines( 120 mg), river fish( 48-54 mg), herring( 79 mg), sprats( 92 mg);
- spinach( 23 mg), asparagus( 14 mg).
Purines in black tea, cocoa and coffee are not split into uric acid. But they have diuretic properties, so they dehydrate the cell and thereby increase the concentration of uric acid. It is much more useful to drink a sweet compote. It is better to use sugar as a sweetener. Honey and gout are not the best combination. Honey contains oxalic acid, harmful for gout.
Harmful as salty, spicy food and alcoholic beverages. Vodka and gout are the most harmful combination, so alcohol should be banned. In liquor, many purines, in addition, vodka and other alcohol dehydrates the body and thereby increases the concentration of uric acid, which leads to intoxication of the body. Alcohol and gout - an mutually exclusive combination, even in the smallest doses.
Useful products for gout
Foods in which there are few purines, but in which a high content of substances useful to humans, are conditionally considered useful for gout.
You need to eat as many high-fiber foods as possible, which helps maintain normal weight. These can be cereals, whole grains, muesli or diet breads.
Another group of healthy products - vegetables, fruits and nuts, containing the essential vitamins C, E, A, D, as well as B vitamins, various minerals, antioxidants( lycopene, polyphenols, anthocyanins). Antioxidants strengthen the body's immune properties , increase your ability to withstand various ailments.
When gout is useful not only vegetables, berries and fruits, but also a variety of greens( except sorrel): parsley, dill, coriander. They need to eat every day and a lot. Cucumbers, zucchini, cabbage, carrots, tomatoes, pumpkin, melon, pineapple, watermelon, celery, strawberries, cranberries, black currants should be regularly on the gout table. In these fruits, there are few purines, but a lot of fiber, vitamins and "good" carbohydrates.
Gout: what you can eat
During periods of exacerbation of the disease, you should completely eliminate the consumption of meat and fish.
At such times it is useful to spend unloading days when full refusal of food is practiced, only juices, compotes and kissels, as well as alkaline mineral water and non-aerated water purified by reverse osmosis technology, are used.
During the period of remission, only low-fat dietary meats with low purine content should be eaten: white chicken fillet, turkey fillet, low-fat rabbit meat( legs).Cottage cheese and cheese do not contain purines( or contain them in an insignificant amount, for example, in cheese "Adyghe" only 0.4 mg), so they should be in the menu of gout. There are no purines in the egg whites, and there are very few of them in the yolk.
Tomatoes are one of the best foods in the diet for gout. Tomatoes and gout are the right combination: eating tomatoes, you can reduce the manifestations of this disease. Tomatoes contain a huge amount of B vitamins, while they include very little protein.
Gout: diet 6 classic
For the treatment of gout, many different diets have been developed, taking into account the needs of gout in certain substances.
Diet No. 6 is the most common and easy-to-follow type of diet for people who have gout: nutrition with gout should comply with the requirements of this diet. The essence of diet number six is as follows:
- use a minimum of proteins( to limit the consumption of meat and legumes).Animal proteins should be half of the total;
- it is necessary to limit the amount of refractory fats( pork, beef, mutton, culinary);
- you need to eat melted butter and vegetable oils;
- significantly limit the consumption of products containing oxalic acid;
- it is impossible to eat broths( mushroom, fish, meat);
- if the kidney and heart without abnormalities, drink at least two liters of water per day;
- completely abandon the salt or tightly limit its amount( up to 1g per day).
In a diet with gout it is necessary to include soy products, for example, tofu cheese. Soy contains substances that remove uric acid from the body. Garlic and gout are the recommended combination, since garlic is a source of a variety of vitamins, macronutrients, has antibacterial properties. Allicin in garlic lowers the percentage of bad cholesterol in a person and has anti-carcinogenic properties.
Gout: treatment with folk remedies
Diet for gout can be combined with treatment with various infusions, decoctions of medicinal plants. For example, you can make tea from black currant and cranberry leaves and wild rose berries, mixed in equal proportions.
With gout, the compositions of chamomile, litter, and the roots of the stony hedgehog help well. These broths are prepared from the calculation of 3 teaspoons of raw materials for 2 cups of boiling water. Take the medicine you need half the glass 2-4 times a day before meals.
Ginger drink is used as a folk remedy for gout. Preparation: 10-20 g of root rub and brew with a glass of boiling water. Take half a glass a day on an empty stomach. Ginger and gout are a good combination. The root of ginger has a useful property - it cleanses the body, removes toxins and toxins.
Infusion of grape leaves and juice from berries should be drunk at least once a day before breakfast. Eat fresh grapes, too, and gout will gradually go into remission. Also for the treatment of gout in folk medicine is used decoction of flax seeds. Preparation: 2 teaspoons of seeds insist 15 minutes in 3.5 cups of boiling water, filter and take inside on a tablespoon 4 times a day.
Switch completely to diet food - gout will begin to recede within a week. With the help of diet it is possible to avoid the increase of gout symptoms, reduce the risk of deep development of this disease and improve the quality of one's life. It is important to take into account specific features of human health, its taste preferences. This approach will allow to achieve positive results in the treatment of a complex disease.