Recommendations of specialists on what can be eaten with gout
What can be eaten with gout? The answer to this question will simply be found by consulting with a dietitian and treating therapist. After all, with this disease, nutrition plays the same role as medical therapy. Taking the food you need and observing the regime, you can maintain your body and take gout under control. But for this you need to be patient and change your habitual way of life.
Is it possible to eat meat and fish with gout
One of the reasons for the appearance of gout is considered a violation of uric acid metabolism. The body can not cope on its own with the excretion of salts and acids and accumulates them on the joints. Purine compounds containing nitrogen and having a cyclic structure, enter the human body with food. During the cleavage they form uric acid.
Meat is just such a product. The content of purines in it in large quantities, so it is completely excluded from the diet of patients with gout. This list can be replenished and by-products. These are the kidneys, lungs, the liver of animal origin. To them is added and bacon. It affects the body, like fatty meat, peanuts. It is excluded, but all other nuts are allowed to use.
Some patients boil meat to slightly reduce the amount of purines, but such broths should not be carried away. Many substances producing uric acid, and in concentrated meat broths and soups from sachets, smoked sausages. With gout, you can eat only lamb and chicken fillet.
Fried or salted fish, canned food, caviar is completely excluded from food, especially with multiple bouts of the disease. Doctors, nutritionists recommend only cod when making a menu.
During the fasting period, instead of meat, it is often suggested to use mushrooms. Their broths are used in the preparation of soups and borscht. But gout will not tolerate such a diet, especially if used artificially grown mushrooms. Do not provoke an exacerbation of only forest mushrooms.
Vegetables and fruit for gout
The principle of choosing these products is the quantitative indicators of purines and oxalic acid that they contain. In the first place in this list are legumes. Beans, peas, beans, peanuts, cauliflower and Brussels sprouts, broccoli, asparagus, rhubarb, spinach, celery are completely excluded from the diet. Tomatoes and corn for gout can be eaten in quantities of several pieces, and tomato juice - in small portions, during remission. Quail cabbage is advised to cook without salt, and with the addition of berries of cranberries and apples. Brine, which turned out as a result of sizing, is very useful for gout. Some doctors advise to use as a treatment sea kale - laminaria. It helps to remove uric acid salts from the body. Sometimes it is used in the form of a powder, which is bred in a glass of water and drunk for two weeks once a day.
Squash, eggplants, cabbage, cucumbers, potatoes are quite suitable for use in the diet and compiling a diet menu. Some of these vegetables will be useful juice, which activates the metabolism and helps the body to cleanse. To prepare the juice from the potato, it must first be grated and squeezed through the cheesecloth. Take courses followed for ten days. Juice from the onion is prepared by digesting it in the peel and straining through a sieve or gauze. Take before meals.
We recommend salad from greenery, and parsley and dill should be used in small amounts.
Fruits are useful for almost everyone. Be careful with grapes and raspberries. Well reduce the salt deposits of ordinary apples, especially baked. They could be added to all salads. Useful bananas, cherries, blueberries, but the kalina is not to be fond of because it is a diuretic. And with gout, the body can not be dehydrated, the cells must be filled with water. But a few berries will not do you much harm.
With gout, you can eat pomegranate. It normalizes the level of cholesterol and uric acid in the blood.
Is it possible to eat garlic for gout
This vegetable has long been famous for its miraculous properties, including for the treatment of gout. For this, the most commonly used are infusions and painkillers.
During the exacerbation in the sore spots rub the infusion of garlic( in the number of three pieces) and vinegar( 9%, 500 ml).Pre-insist for two weeks. Infusion removes redness, swelling and pain.
Kashitsa from four lemons and three heads of garlic, filled with boiling water( 2 cups) or vodka( 150 ml), insists for three days in a warm place. Then the infusion is filtered. Take should be 40 g once a day before meals. To infusion, you can add honey( 20 g), the therapeutic effect while only intensifying.
What you can eat with gout, which foods do not cause an exacerbation, you can find out only after a complete examination. Change your diet will have. To it will be added the use of liquid, refusal of strong alcoholic drinks and sweets. Mayonnaise, which is so desirable to season salad, it is better to replace with vegetable oil, and even in small quantities. Daily strict control over body weight is necessary.
Only such changes can improve your health and reduce the burden on sick joints.
What can not be eaten with a gout
What happens when a patient's joint is broken
Gout is a disease that can not be completely cured. A person suffering from this disease should know: if he wants to save his health, make attacks of gouty arthritis less time-consuming and painful, you need to take care not only about the correct intake of medications, but also about nutrition. There is a list of foods that can not be eaten with gout.
Prohibited products are not the whims of doctors. For people suffering from gouty arthritis, proper nutrition is vital. It is the diet that is able to create conditions in the body for excretion of uric acid salts, to normalize its balance in blood and to strengthen immunity. What foods can enter the diet for gout and from which you will forever give up for your own health? Let's look at it together.
What is forbidden to gouty
When there is a change in the joints, it's too late to talk about preventing gout with the help of rational nutrition. Now the most important thing is to find out what foods provoke the attack and the development of the disease, and not consume them for food.
Well-known: eating many products of animal origin is harmful. Gout most often develops in people, most of whose diet includes just such products. Gout is extremely undesirable to abuse fats of animal origin. They can cause not only an attack of the disease, but also provoke disturbances in the work of the gastrointestinal tract.Very often, patients who are accustomed to eating products of animal origin, worry that you can not eat meat broth. However, it must be remembered that it is about maintaining health. These dishes cause an increase in the content of uric acid in the body. Vegetable soups are much more useful than meat. However, when preparing them, there are a lot of restrictions.
Beans contain micronutrients that help form tissues, so these products are useful to a healthy person. But if gout started, the use of legumes becomes extremely dangerous. The most common pea or bean soup can provoke an attack of gouty arthritis.
The diet for gout involves the use of the right beverages. Alcohol should be a thing of the past forever if the patient wants to slow down the destructive changes in the joints and not lose the opportunity to move independently. Strong black tea and coffee are strictly forbidden, but green tea, which has the property of restoring the purine metabolism in the body, is very useful. Every day, a person suffering from gout should drink 2-2.5 liters of liquid, so that the body can excrete salts of uric acid. If this disease is accompanied by a violation of kidney function, this rule is canceled.
The use of spices for gout is categorically forbidden, the exception is only a laurel leaf. Do not add to the soup roasting, but only a small amount of vegetable oil. Gout is not allowed to eat gout, so you have to forget about mushroom soup.
Foods that provoke an acute attack of the disease
It is imperative to regulate the amount of salt added to the food. Gout is always a disturbed salt exchange in the body. Therefore, the amount of salt that is added to food should be strictly limited.
It is necessary to know: with gout, even if the disease develops gradually, you can not eat fat, offal, meat of young animals. A small portion of sausage, smoked meat or fish can immediately provoke a gouty attack. In the list of banned products - all varieties of fatty and salty cheeses.
The diet during gouty gait becomes even more severe. During this period, it is forbidden to eat lean meat and fish, salt is completely excluded from the diet until the patient's condition improves.
Which products will be useful
All kinds of nuts, except for peanuts, which acts on the body in the same way as fatty meat, are allowed. Moreover, it is needed because it effectively supports immunity. Diet for gout includes the use of various vegetables, berries and fruits. What can you eat with this disease? Here are just some of the allowed products:
- lettuce leaves;
- dairy products.
The only permitted greens in the diet of the patient
As part of the diet for gout it is allowed to drink fruit and vegetable juices diluted with water, barley broth, juice from dried fruits. What kind of soft drinks and how much you can drink, as the doctor will specify. His recommendations will be based on information about the clinical picture of the disease.
Diet for gout does not include greens. The only exception is dill. With a satisfactory state of health, lettuce and parsley leaves are allowed, which are consumed in strictly limited quantities. As for dairy products, the diet does not imply a 100% rejection of them. Milk can not be used as an independent product, but only in combination with porridges. This rule applies to butter. If a person begins a gouty attack, dairy products are immediately excluded from the diet.
Cereals from whole-grain cereals help to relieve the condition of people suffering from gout, and constitute a significant part of their diet. Patients need to know: oatmeal can be eaten only in small amounts.
Learn how to cook
When a person is diagnosed with gout, it does not even frighten the limitation of joint mobility, but changes in the diet. Fried, hot, salty categorically not! What then is possible?
Gout dictates its conditions. And if you treat the diet lightly and do not comply with it, the condition will deteriorate dynamically. Any violation of the diet leads to the progression of the disease. Do not forget about the psychological moment. If a person is in a depressed state, the vital tone of the body decreases. Where is the way out? Learn how to cook delicious from those foods that you can use.
Overeating with gout is dangerous, so eating is done 5 times a day, strictly portioned. All products are cooked or steamed. Not everyone can cook tasty porridge or pasta, so why not learn? Vegetable soups can be no less tasty than meat, if you know the secrets of cooking vegetarian dishes.
Fruit salad, rich in vitamins, seasoned with natural honey bee - what is not a delicacy? And the benefits of natural products are much greater than those forbidden for gout cocoa and chocolate. With gout per day, you can eat only one chicken egg. You can not only boil it, but also add it to a vegetable or pasta casserole, cooked for a couple, into a salad of vegetables.
With gout, baked vegetables and fruits are useful. In Russia, these dishes are not perceived as a delicacy, and in Europe their cooking is recognized as a kind of chef's art. In addition, baked in the oven or on the grill vegetables and fruits are a means of preventing gout, so must necessarily enter the diet of the elderly.
Nutrition for gout - what can and can not be eaten with gout disease, how to control it
What triggers gout
The "extraordinary" gout crisis can be caused by various factors, for example, such commonplace as a dramatic change in diet( overeating or,conversely, starvation).Also, this may result in a shortage of certain vitamins and trace elements, dehydration( hot climate or steam bath), stress, heavy physical activity, infections, taking analgesics or non-steroid drugs, diuretic drugs.
How to control gout
Even considering that gout is a chronic disease, if you do the right, competent treatment, it will make it easy to keep gout under control - not only not to experience prolonged painful pains again and again, but in the future to stop the development of gout in general. But one desire to do this is not enough, you still need your patience and perseverance - change your habitual way of life and food system. So nutrition is important not only for the prevention and treatment of diseases, but nutrition is important for improving the skin condition and maintaining the appearance at a high level.
Nutrition in the treatment of gout
The main thing with proper nutrition for gout is not only the right diet, but also a regimen - eating should be four meals a day. With this disease, fasting, as well as overeating, is strictly prohibited, as it was said above, this can lead to a new attack of gout. This disease needs to be treated delicately - you need to lose weight, but at the same time, sharply reduce weight can not. If you are sick with gout - drink plenty of fluids, thereby causing the kidneys to work and emitting harmful substances with excess fluid. The amount of liquid should be at least 1.5-2 liters, and in periods of exacerbation - about 3 liters. Liquids can be different - from simple water to compotes and fruit drinks. Can not strong tea. When gout is very useful decoction of dogrose. It must be drunk between meals.
What you can not eat with a gout
As mentioned above, the first ban is a ban on meat. In addition to meat in its pure form, a gout sufferer must also refuse meat, fish and mushroom broths. At a gout it is impossible to eat by-products( kidneys, lungs, a liver), animal fats, smoked products, and also meat of young animals.
Completely eliminate fried and salted fish, as well as canned fish and caviar. In seizures, completely eliminate the fish in any form.
In addition to animal food, with gout, you can not use some vegetable products - all kinds of legumes, spices. You can not use all kinds of alcoholic beverages, low alcohol, including beer. Do not drink strong tea and coffee with cocoa. Exclude cakes and pastries on creams, chocolate, raspberries, figs, grapes, salted and sharp cheeses. Well, limit the use of salt.
What you can eat with gout
It should be noted that gout is better to eat vegetarian food - dairy and vegetable soups, sour-milk products, compotes and decoctions. Of meat products, the best dietary species are rabbit, turkey, chicken. You can eat eggs, boiled fish, seafood( squid, shrimp).
It is useful to eat cottage cheese, low-fat cheese. You can have porridge - buckwheat, oatmeal, rice. Eat any pasta. It is better to cook porridge on water or on diluted milk.
With gout, you can eat almost all the vegetables - cabbage, carrots, potatoes, cucumbers, eggplant, zucchini. Very useful green, except for green onions and parsley, they can, but in small quantities.
For dessert you can sweets( not from chocolate), marshmallows, jam, marmalade. Fruits are very necessary for an organism - apples, pears, plums, apricots, oranges. All kinds of nuts, seeds.
You can eat white and black bread in gout with gout. Oil use vegetable( you can olive, from flax), try to eat less butter.
And remember the most important thing, as in a diet in the treatment of gout, and with any other - do not starve and do not overeat. The fact that curative fasting, leads to a sharp increase in the production of uric acid, as well as when consuming foods rich in animal fats.
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Diet for gout: table of products, approximate menu for the weekGout is a metabolic disease characterized by the accumulation of excess uric acid in the body. This can happen as a result of hereditary predisposition, and because of acquired diseases. But in any case, the starting factor in this pathology is the receipt of specific chemical compounds with food.
What is the diet for gout?Gout is a chronic pathology, in which the concentration of uric acid is increased in the blood, and the salts of this acid are deposited in the tissues, mainly in the joints. However, there is no clear correlation between the level of this acid in the blood and the degree of severity of the joint symptomatology. Also: symptoms and treatment of gout. Uric acid is formed in the body from compounds called purine bases. Most of them come from food, a small percentage is synthesized from substances such as glutamine or glycine contained in the body. The level of purines also increases under conditions accompanied by cell decay( antitumor therapy, shock states, autoimmune diseases), because they contain DNA, RNA and other nucleotide-containing compounds. Entering the liver, purine bases turn into uric acid. Further, it enters the intestine, where it is "processed" by the gastrointestinal tract, then it is absorbed into the blood and excreted in the urine. If a failure occurs at one of the stages of this "path" from purines to the excretion of uric acid, it begins to accumulate, and gout develops at some point. But since most of the uric acid is formed from food, then, removing them from food, you can reduce its content in the body several times. If a person knew of a violation in the content of his own enzymes, either in the synthesis or in the excretion of the urinaryacid, or other causes of predisposition to this disease, then he could avoid its development, all his life following a certain diet. Unthinkable and effective therapy of gout without compliance with the rules of nutrition.
General diet rules for gout - menu for the week
- 1) The diet for gout is different during the period of exacerbation of the disease and during the inter-rush period: when exacerbated, meat and fish products are excluded completely, when the symptoms subsided, these dishes are returned in small volume.
- 2) Must be unloading days: fruit and vegetable, kefir-curd, kefir or dairy - at least once in 3 days. This improves the excretion of uric acid.
- 3) You should drink water one hour before a meal. In total, you need to drink 2-3 liters a day in the form of not only water, but also fruit drinks, green or herbal tea, compotes, alkaline mineral water.
- 4) You can not starve or overeat. You need to eat a little, 4-5 times a day.
- 5) It is necessary to completely abandon alcohol.
What can not be eaten with gout: table of productsWith gout, you need to refuse or significantly restrict the foods containing purine bases in the diet. Below is a table of products that should be abstained:
Nutrition for gout. Prohibited and authorized products for gout on the legs |All about gout: symptoms, treatment, causes of
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Why is nutrition important for gout? It is considered as a cure for this disease. It develops as a result of the deposition of salts, which are extracted from such a natural product of excreta as uric acid. Correct nutrition for gout is of great importance. If you do not take the necessary measures, the kidneys and liver will be in danger.
Among the products there are those that contain urate. Important nutrition for gout on the legs of and in other extremities. These are uric acid salts, because of which the disease is activated. Normalization of metabolism by improving nutrition speeds up recovery, mitigates the coming seizures.
Principles of nutrition for gout( illness outside of exacerbation):
Doctors recommend first of all to remove from the diet animal proteins, animal fats, foods with digestible carbohydrates.
Also should order meals. They should become frequent, divided into small portions. Building food for gout and arthritis , you need to think about 5-6 meals, not forgetting about unloading days. It is necessary to arrange at least one per week, using only vegetables and fruits.
1. Food for gout suggests protein restriction per kilogram of optimal body weight to 0.8 - 0.9 g. Vegetable protein in the diet with gout should be at least 30% of the total daily amount of protein. Along with proteins, the amount of fat in the diet for a patient with gout( per kilogram of optimal body weight to 0.9-1.0 g) is limited by eliminating fats of animal origin. About 35% of the daily amount of fat in the diet for patients with gout should be of plant origin, fatty acids in vegetable fats well affect the metabolism in patients with gout. In connection with the restriction of fats and proteins in the diet of patients with gout, the energy value of the diet should be brought to the physiological level by increasing the amount of carbohydrates.
2. The diet for gout patients requires a significant restriction and even exclusion of foods that are rich in oxalic acid and purines. Fish and meat should be eaten in a boiled form, as during boiling, most of the purines go into the broth. Bullion should not be used.
3. For successful removal from the body of patients with gout uric acid urination per day should be approximately 1.5 liters. Fluid drinking is shown taking into account the condition of the heart, vessels and kidneys( at least 2 liters).Dehydration of the body in hot weather or after a sauna may exacerbate gout. For drinking, juices of citrus fruits, vegetable juices, sour-milk drinks, broth of dogrose, diuretic teas, alkaline weakly mineral waters are recommended. At the same time, it is recommended to limit the amount of salt in the diet of patients suffering from gout to 8-9 g per day.
4. Elimination of alcoholic beverages, especially red wine and beer. Ethanol contained in these beverages inhibits the excretion of uric acid from the body and, to some extent, increases its formation. A single intake of alcohol and a large amount of fatty fish or meat food can trigger a gout attack.
5. With gout it is useful to arrange a fasting day once a week, regardless of weight. Unloading days can be spent on dairy products, allowed vegetables, fruits, berries, juices. When unloading a free liquid, a day is not less than 1.5 liters. Fasting with gout is contraindicated, as when fasting in the body, the level of uric acid increases, and this helps exacerbate the disease.
6. If gout is combined with obesity, then diet therapy is appropriate to build on the principles of combating obesity, but to limit the diet of fish and meat and increase the number of dairy products. The rate of weight loss with gout should not be high( 1-1.5 kg per week).
7. In case of renal damage, changes are made to the diet, depending on the status of their functions.
8. Food for gout should be regular, at least 4 times a day.
According to the system of therapeutic nutrition adopted in Russia, a diet for gout № 6 was made.
When diet No. 6 is being followed, the purines are exchanged in the body, the synthesis of uric acid and its salts is reduced.
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What can not be eaten with a gout
You need to remember about products that are forbidden for gout .This includes not only meat, but also:
with gout what to eat and tho drink
First of all, with gout, the protein is limited to 0.8-1 g per 1 kg of body weight to reduce the formation of uric acid.
Protein foods that contain many purines are excluded: meat, especially young animals, internal organs, fish, caviar, yeast, cocoa, chocolate, legumes, mushrooms.
Meat and fish are allowed for gout no more than 2 times a week, and only in a boiled form: when boiling up to 50% of purine substances is released into the broth.
The amount of fats decreases to 0.8-1 g per 1 kg of body weight. This amount includes fats of protein products, unsalted butter, cream, sour cream and, of course, vegetable oil. Not allowed are lamb, beef and pork fats, various fusions.
The amount of carbohydrates is also somewhat reduced, but mainly due to easily digestible: sugar, jam, syrups, sweets, honey. It is recommended more vegetables, fruits, berries, juices( juices promote the excretion of uric acid from the body and prevent its deposition in the organs).
The table salt is limited, as it contributes to the deposition of uric acid in the tissues.
When using these products, remember that the more of these foods you eat, the stronger and longer the attack of gout. The diet for gout should be mostly plant-based and if you can not do without meat, use it in limited quantities using meat from an old animal. When cooking, it is desirable after cooking meat, drain the broth and cook it again in a new broth. Remember, the broth itself is more harmful than meat and the harm from boiled meat, less than from roast.
When gout is allowed to eat:
Milk and dairy products in any quantity: they not only do not contain purines, but also contribute to removing them from the body.
Flour and cereals, white bread.
Vegetables: potatoes, cabbage, cucumbers, carrots, tomatoes, zucchini, pumpkin, melons, watermelons.
Fruit: apples, apricots, plums, pears, peaches, oranges;
Berries - grapes, cherries, cherries, strawberries, blueberries.
Once a week, a vegetable or fruit-free day is useful.
The energy value of the diet is somewhat reduced. You can not overeat! Food should be rich in vitamins, especially C, P, PP, B2, B6.
Liquids are recommended more - 2-2.5 liters per day.
Vegetable and fruit juices, broth of dogrose, milk, alkaline mineral waters, ie, drinks that have predominantly alkaline valencies, are useful. They contribute to the dissolution of uric acid and thus prevent the deposition of salts in the joints, cartilage, shells, etc.
you can all milk, bread and cereals without restrictions, vegetables - except radish and radishes, eggs.
You can boiled sausage, sausages, bacon. Meat and fish are boiled.
It is impossible categorically: smoked products, broths.
Alcohol: vodka is allowed, cognac and wine are prohibited