Flattening in adults

Flatfoot treatment in adults

Treatment of flat feet in adults

Flattening is not just a disease that is not taken into the army. Flattening is a life-threatening disease, consisting in the deformation of the arches of the foot. What is so dangerous platypodia in adults? The fact that with flatfoot suffers from excessive load of the spine and some internal organs. Hence there are various kinds of changes and diseases, at first glance, completely unrelated to the foot.

The causes of flatfoot

There are two main types of flatfoot - longitudinal and transverse. Treatment of both transverse and longitudinal flat feet in adults is quite effective, it can be treated even at home. How to correct a flatfoot in an adult or a child will be prompted by a doctor, he will also prescribe the necessary procedures, for example, often with flat feet in adults, prescribe LPC sessions. It is also good for flat feet in adults helping massage.

But in order to know how to treat flatfoot in adults, you need to know the causes of the onset of this disease. And there can be several:

  • narrow and uncomfortable shoes;
  • is overweight;
  • "standing" work( sellers, shop workers, dentists);
  • age;
  • heredity( 3%);
  • trauma to the foot;
  • paralysis of the muscles of the foot and lower leg;
  • rickets;
  • weak muscles and ligaments.
Basic signs of flatfoot

Symptoms of flatfoot in adults:

  • with transverse flat feet, the big toe is noticeably deflected to the side, the remaining fingers are arranged in the form of a fan;
  • with longitudinal flat feet stop is deformed and the entire surface comes into contact with the floor.

By the way, longitudinal flatfoot is more common in adolescents than in adults, for adults a transverse flatfoot is characteristic.

Symptoms of flat feet consist of pain in the foot, worsening with the putting on of shoes, deformation of the foot.

Treatment of flatfoot in adults

How to cure a flatfoot in an adult, the expert will tell, because he will be able to determine the type of flatfoot, its cause. The doctor, most likely, will send on a roentgen in order to put the correct diagnosis.

Treatment of flat feet is carried out, most often, at home. At a platypodia at adults gymnastics, massage, use of orthopedic footwear is recommended. Gymnastics consists in the rotation of the foot, flexion and extension of the foot, rolling of an object.

Flatfoot prevention in adults

To prevent this disease, it is enough to carry out preventive procedures that do not require you a lot of time and effort:

  1. Be sure to purchase a massage mat, which you can also do yourself. Walk on such a rug a few minutes a day. You can place it near the bed and, waking up, step on it - in conjunction with the prevention of flatfoot you will charge the body with vivacity, because it is on the feet that many Symptoms of flatfoot in adults nerve endings are.
  2. Do not be lazy and do a massage - for this stop should be held horizontally with four fingers, and with your thumb massage the surface of the foot. Ideally, this procedure in the morning and evening. Again, you will not only avoid the disease, but also be able to relax your legs after a working day and prepare them for the next.
  3. Watch for food - the fat people have more chances to earn flat feet. Eat fish, vegetables, cereals. The protein must be in the diet of a person of any age.

Do not treat negligently to your health - it would seem, harmless flat feet can bring very big harm to your body. If platypodia is diagnosed in a child, be sure to see a doctor - the sooner the treatment begins, the greater problems can be avoided.

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How to treat a flatfoot in an adult

Contents:

Nature created a man's foot with two arches and it's not accidental. It is this anatomical structure that provides optimal cushioning for walking and other physical exertion.

How to treat a flatfoot in an adult is a topical issue at the moment.

In the case of flattening of the foot, its deformation occurs, which causes the loss of physiological functions and the development of flat feet. There is a very simple way to determine if a person has this pathology or not: just step on a flat and dry surface with a wet foot. In the normal structure of the foot, a wide line appears, connecting the ascent of the arch of the foot and the heel. With flatfoot, the inner bend is practically absent.

Factors and types

In anatomy, the structure of the foot is defined by two arches - a transverse one located between the fingers and a longitudinal one located along its inner edge. In accordance with this, several forms of flatfoot are distinguished:

  • Longitudinal;
  • Transverse;
  • Combined( combines both previous forms).

Flattening in adults can be congenital and acquired. Meanwhile, few of the people of mature age consider flat feet as a serious disease. And after all, the deformation of the foot often leads to the development of complications of the musculoskeletal system. In adults, flat feet can be associated with the following factors:

  • Overweight;
  • Weak muscles and ligaments of the foot;
  • Rickets, born in childhood;
  • Professional activity.

Symptoms of flatfoot

As a rule, this pathological condition proceeds without any painful symptoms. Discomfort and pain are obvious signs of congenital deformities of the feet or injuries of the ligaments and muscles. With the course of the disease, adults may notice the following symptoms of flatfoot:

  • Back pain;
  • Rapid fatigue in the legs when standing or walking;
  • Discomfort when climbing stairs and wearing shoes;
  • Pain and swelling of the feet at the end of the working day;
  • Unpleasant sensations when walking on the heels, carrying the weight of the body to the outer edge of the foot.

Many people have so-called "flexible flat feet", when the arch is visible when lifting on socks, and when the weight of the body is transferred to the entire foot disappears.

Indications for the treatment of

Before treating a flatfoot in an adult, an orthopedic physician should determine the form and extent of the pathology. Opinions of experts about when it is necessary to treat the disease, strongly disagree. Some are sure that flat feet should be treated in any case, while others do not consider it necessary, if there are no symptoms and complaints from the patient.

However, if you think logically, then the first opinion is the most correct. The development of flat feet creates changes in the biomechanics of the foot movements, which in turn leads to a redistribution of the load in the legs. As a result, there is an increase in overvoltage in muscles and ligaments. Subsequently, it can cause complications such as ossicles on the feet, knee and hip arthrosis, osteochondrosis and scoliosis.

Conservative treatment

The goal of conservative therapy is to strengthen the musculoskeletal apparatus of the foot and slow the processes of its deformation. At the initial stages of the development of the disease, these measures are most relevant. How to treat flat feet in adults with conservative methods of treatment?

  • Refusal to wear uncomfortable and cramped shoes. It is also not recommended to wear shoes with a narrow nose and high heels. Redistribute the load will help shoes with a small heel;
  • Restriction of physical activity. For the duration of treatment should abandon the sport, and to remove the swelling and pain, it is recommended to apply a cold compress on the foot;
  • Use of orthopedic insoles. This modern device will help to model the desired arch of the foot. Especially effective insole insoles for the treatment of longitudinal flat feet;
  • Taking medication. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs reduce pain and signs of inflammation. With a pronounced pain syndrome, intra-articular injections of corticosteroids are used;
  • Massage and exercise therapy. They have a strengthening effect and improve the effectiveness of medicamental treatment of flat feet in adults.
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TerapevtPlus.ru

Flat feet in adults: a photo of flatfoot and exercises in the prevention of flatfoot

Flat feet of some are perceived as a "frivolous" disease, which is not worth paying close attention to. However, this is not so - this disease can cause a violation of posture, lead to varicose veins and even thrombophlebitis. Therefore, the prevention of flatfoot should not be ignored - and should begin at least with the abandon of uncomfortable shoes.

This seemingly "trifling" disease can turn into a terrible torture for a person( "lucky" only to some recruits: they can by means of pronounced degrees of flatfoot avoid the performance of "sacred military duty").

Types and causes of flatfoot

Flattening is the descent, flattening of the transverse or, more rarely, longitudinal arch of the foot.

Note the photo: with flat feet the foot looks almost completely flat, without a pronounced dimple between the toe and the heel.

There are three types of flatfoot:

1. Paralytic caused by poliomyelitis or resulting from paralysis.

2. Traumatic , resulting from bone fractures of the feet or ankles.

3. Static - the most common, usually hereditary or acquired as a result of overloads of feet.

As seen in the photo above, all types of flatfoot differ from each other in the degree of expression of the longitudinal and transverse arches of the foot.

The causes of flatfoot may be a lack or excess load on the legs. This can be a person's professional activity, for example, a forced working posture standing( workers or sellers who stand all day standing on their feet), playing sports that undergo inadequate loads on their feet, wearing inefficient shoes( for example, heels on shoes, onstiff platform, high heels.).

Flattening can be formed in early childhood due to diseases of rickets, and also at a later age due to pregnancy, diabetes or obesity. In adults, flat feet are more common in women than in men.

Symptoms of flat feet Feet

The main symptoms of flat feet - fast fatigue of the legs, aching pain in the foot and ankle, swelling of them, often occurs in the evening and disappears by morning. With flatfoot, there may also be a violation of the circulation of the lower extremities.

Flat-footed enough easy to recognize. To do this, just smear the foot with oil or cream, and then leave it imprinted on a sheet of white paper lying on a flat surface. Usually, with flatfoot, at least half of the width of the original part of the foot is imprinted, since the foot does not have the proper size of the notch.

Understand that you have flat feet, you can, and found a quick wear on the inside of the soles of your shoes.

But most accurately the degree of flatfoot is established clinico-roentgenologically in conditions of physiological load of the examined foot at the position of the patient standing on a specially made stand. This technique allows you to assess the entire condition of the musculoskeletal, ligamentous and articular apparatus.

How and what to treat the flat foot

Before treating a flatfoot, you need to determine the causes of its occurrence. To remove the pain caused by walking or other loads on the feet, you can use ointments such as viprosal, finalgon, diclofenac, etc. Also, in the group of drugs, than you can treat flat feet, the usual analgesics.

To restore the natural shape of the foot, you should use the correcting insoles( arch supports).

In case of severe, neglected cases, it is necessary to wear special orthopedic shoes( usually shoes with lacing, solid sole and lateral support of the foot).

It is recommended to take regular courses of massage.

It is desirable to be engaged in swimming.

In the evenings( and if it is necessary, then still in the afternoon) make hot baths with sea salt.

And, perhaps, the main thing here is a physical therapy.

Complex of exercises for flat feet Feet

1. For the first exercise with flatfoot take the starting position sitting on a chair. Knees and heels are connected, the right foot is strongly unbent. You should bring the anterior section of the left foot under the soleplate of the right, and then repeat this exercise by changing your legs.

2. To stroke the left shin with the inner edge and plantar surface of the right foot. Then repeat the exercise, also changing your legs.

3. To bend and unbend the toes of the feet. This exercise should be repeated 10-15 times.

4. Set feet on shoulder width with heels to the floor. Then start rotating the feet in different directions, changing the direction of rotation. Then do the same, already standing, holding on to the back of the chair. Run this 10 times.

5. At both stops, grab and lift the ball.

6. Grasp and lift the pencil several times with your toes.

7. Starting position: sitting on a chair, then standing on the floor( feet shoulder-width apart).Unfold the feet on one straight line, first the heel to the heel, and then the toe to the toe. You can hold your hand by the back of the chair. Perform this exercise 10 times.

8. Expand the feet to the outside, and then - to the inner side. Perform 10 times.

9. Also in the complex of exercises with flat feet is the following: standing on toes and holding the feet in parallel, go to the outer edge of the foot, and then return to the starting position.

10. Sitting on a chair, and then on the floor, climb to his feet, leaning on the outer arch of the feet. When lifting from the floor, you can help yourself with your hands. Perform 10 times.

11. Starting position: standing. To rise on socks and on the heels: a) by placing the feet on one line with their toes inward, b) placing the feet on one line with their toes outwards.

12. Starting position: standing. Make a right foot forward, then turn around 180 °, changing your leg. Do this exercise 10-12 times.

13. Standing on your toes, shifting from one foot to the other. Do this exercise 10 times.

14. Sitting on a chair, raise one and the other leg one at a time, as high as possible. The leg should be straight. Perform 10 times.

15. Standing, make 30-50 steps on the heels, on the toes, on the inside edges of the feet, and then - already on the outer ribs stop.

16. Final exercise: walking from heel to toe in standing position. It is recommended to do 30-50 steps with each foot.

med-pomosh.com

Treatment of flat feet in adults |Traumatology and Orthopedics Center

Flattening is a deformation that leads to flattening of the foot and loss of its physiological functions.

With flatfoot, the bone structures of the posterior and middle parts of the foot are gradually installed in such a way that leads to the omission of the arches.

Anatomically the foot has two main arches - the transverse( between the bases of the fingers) and the longitudinal( along the inner edge), which are designed to absorb the load and maintain the body weight. Depending on the type of arch that falls, three types of flatfoot are distinguished: longitudinal, transverse and combined( longitudinal-transverse flatfoot).In most cases, it is the combination of flat feet that predominates, because if deformation develops, both arches of the foot drop. The consequence of this dysfunction, as a rule, is a flat valgus deformation of the feet.

The development of flat feet occurs due to the fact that the ligament of the foot weakens with time, the heel bone starts to fall outside and the entire foot moves inwards towards the central point. At the same time, the vaults drop, and it often happens that the bone, which can be palpated on the inner part of the foot, practically touches the surface. There is overgrowth of certain structures of the foot, ligaments, which causes pain when walking. When a person moves and walks a lot, after a while there is fatigue, discomfort and at night the legs begin to get very tired and sick.

Many people do not consider this disease serious, and they do not ask "How to cure flat feet?" But, unfortunately, frivolous attitude towards this pathology can lead to complications: deforming arthrosis of the foot joints, knee and hip joints, osteochondrosis, scoliosis, valgus deformityfeet.

Flat-footedness develops very slowly and gradually, as a rule, from childhood. But if in childhood the diagnosis of flat feet does not cause certain clinical symptoms( pain, discomfort, fatigue) then, unfortunately, after tens of years, it begins to manifest and disturb very much. Often the pains are such that a person can not always pass a sufficiently long distance.

In addition, with the development of flatfoot there is a certain redistribution of the load on the bones of the foot, the biomechanics of motion changes and this causes overstrain in the knee and hip joints, which leads to the pronation of the pelvis and, consequently, to the scoliosis of the spine.

Sometimes scoliosis is diagnosed in a child only when it is standing - when it lies down, the spine straightens. This is the so-called functional scoliosis, which manifests itself only under load. And if the child is made insoles, which return the foot to a normal physiological state and raise the arch of the foot, the load on the problem areas is reduced and the scoliosis disappears.

Symptoms of flatfoot

The main symptom of developing flat feet is pain in the feet, ankles and lower leg, especially after prolonged movement. The gait becomes heavy, "unnatural."In addition, flat feet is the cause of cones on the legs( Valgus deformation of the first finger), which leads to deformation of the foot. In connection with the fact that with flatfoot disruption of the natural distribution of the load, pain can also occur in the knee and hip joints, often in the lower back.

Degrees of flatfoot development

1 degree. Poorly expressed deformation of the foot, fatigue and painful sensations arise, as a rule, after a long stay on the legs.

2 degree. Deformation( flattening) is seen during normal inspection. The foot begins to "flatten out", a small blockage of feet appears inward. Painful sensations arise not only in the foot, but go over to the shin and knee.

3 degree. A pronounced deformation. Violations begin in the work of the musculoskeletal system, and pain arises even after a short walk. Often there is a Valgus deformation of the first finger( more about getting rid of cones on the legs), leading to a serious deformation of the foot, the appearance of corns, "hammer-like" fingers.

Diagnostics of flatfoot

An orthopedic examiner performs visual examination of the foot and performs radiography. Based on the X-ray images, the final diagnosis is made - the degree of development of the disease and the type of flatfoot are determined. Depending on this, the specialist chooses a method of treatment( conservative or operative) and develops a therapeutic program.

How to get rid of flat feet?

It is quite difficult to get rid of flat feet with conservative methods of treatment. This is possible only at very early stages of development, if the flat feet are detected at the age when the child is still very small( 3-5 years).If at this moment it will be possible to inspire the child that he needs to engage in certain exercises that need to be done for a long time, then he will not have a flat foot in the future. Also, in addition to exercises, flat feet in children can be adjusted with insoles, orthopedic appliances, special shoes. Unfortunately, most often this does not happen and flat feet, as a rule, develops.

Conservative treatment methods that would have helped to cure flat feet in adults, in fact, do not exist. We can use individual orthopedic insoles, perform various physiotherapy procedures, do massage, physiotherapy, acupuncture, but all this will be directed only at suspending the already existing deformation, so that the flat feet slowed down. But if the flatfoot already exists and, especially if it has reached the started stages, then it can be cured only in an operative way.

Of course, the phrase "flatfoot surgery" causes fear, but to date there are such surgical interventions that allow you to quickly and slightly traumatologically get rid of flat feet through small incisions. The essence of these operations is that, bone structures, with the help of a special implant, set in anatomically correct position. The patient goes for several years, during which the ligaments and muscles get used to this condition, and then the implant is removed.

This small operation has very high efficiency and is carried out at any stage of flatfoot development. For the treatment of flat feet in adults in the advanced stage, in addition to this method, additional corrective techniques can also be used.

Recovery after minimally invasive interventions occurs within a week. If you have to do more serious operations, the recovery can be longer and depends on the amount of surgical intervention performed.

The effectiveness of these operations is so high that, as a rule, if a patient does surgery on only one leg, then in 99% of cases he will come again to do the operation on the other.

lechenie-sustavov.ru

All about flatfoot and its treatment - Polysmed

Types of flatfoot.

There are several basic types of flatfoot, these include:

  1. Static flatfoot is the most common type of flatfoot, the development of which involves loosening the muscles and stretching the ligaments, which leads to the omission of the inner edge of the foot and the development of flatfoot. The causes of muscle weakness in static flat feet include increased body weight, hereditary factors( muscle tone disorder and weak ligamentous apparatus), overload of feet, wearing poor-quality footwear( tight, rubber shoes, too high a heel or lack thereof).
  2. Congenital flat feet develops during the intrauterine period and is associated with abnormalities in the development of the musculoskeletal system.
  3. Ricky flatfoot. Rickets is a disease characterized by a decrease in vitamin D levels in the child's body and is one of the reasons for the development of flat feet in childhood.
  4. Traumatic platypodia. Trauma of the foot, including incorrectly fused fractures of the foot bones, lead to the development of flat feet.
  5. Paralytic flat feet( paralytic flat foot) can develop after a previous polio, which leads to paralysis of the muscles of the foot and lower leg.

What are the types of flatfoot?

Depending on which arch of the foot is flattened, three types of flatfoot are distinguished:

Longitudinal flatfoot

With longitudinal flat feet, the foot touches the floor with its entire surface, resulting in an increase in the length of the foot. The main symptom of longitudinal flat feet is the shortening of the distance between the inner edge of the foot and the floor surface. With longitudinal flat feet, clubfoot develops, which leads to wear of the footwear along the entire length of the sole and heel from the inside.

The degree of flatfoot depends on the degree of deformation of the foot. There are 3 degrees of flatfoot:

  1. With the first degree of flatfoot( slight longitudinal flatfoot), there is no visible deformation of the foot. Feeling of fatigue in the legs appears after physical exertion, long walking or running. When pressing in the foot area, painful sensations appear. By the evening, stops can swell, the smoothness of the gait is disturbed.
  2. The second degree of flatfoot( moderately pronounced longitudinal flatfoot) is characterized by the disappearance of the arch of the foot. Pain at 2 degrees of flatfoot is stronger, frequent, spreading from the feet to the ankles and lower legs. The muscles of the foot lose elasticity, the smoothness of the gait is disturbed.
  3. The third degree of flatfoot is characterized by a pronounced deformation of the foot. There is constant pain and swelling in the feet, legs, knee joints. At 3 degrees of longitudinal flat feet, pain in the lower back and painful headache. Decreased work capacity, even short walking is difficult. A man with a 3 degree of flatfoot can not walk in ordinary shoes.

Transverse flatfoot

With transverse flatfoot, the length of the foot decreases as a result of discrepancy of the foot bones, deviation of the thumb from the outside and deformation of the middle finger, which acquires a hammer shape. At the base of the thumb appears a painful osseous thickening in the form of a cone.

There are three degrees of transverse flatfoot, depending on the degree of curvature of the first toe:

  1. The first degree( slightly outlined lateral flatfoot).The angle of the deviation of the first toe is less than 20 degrees. After a long walk or standing, fatigue appears. On the foot in the area of ​​2-4 fingers appear on the skin( thickening of the skin), as well as redness and insignificant soreness in the area of ​​the first toe.
  2. At 2 degrees of flatfoot( moderately pronounced transverse flatfoot), the angle of deviation of the first toe is 20-35 degrees. When the load appears, pain and burning in the area of ​​the foot and in the first finger, especially in the shoes. Appearance spreads in the area of ​​the toes. Hemorrhages increase in size.
  3. Third degree of flatfoot( pronounced transverse flatfoot).The angle of the deviation of the first toe is more than 35 degrees. When the load is marked strong, persistent pain in the foot. The spreading of the forefoot is pronounced. On the foot in the area of ​​the fingers are formed significant burrs. The first finger is in the dislocation position, it is possible to develop bursitis( inflammation of the periarticular bag), severe deformation of 2-4 toes( hammer-shaped).

Mixed flat feet includes longitudinal and transverse flatfoot and has more pronounced symptoms.

Flattening in adults.

In adults, as a rule, static flatfoot develops( longitudinal, transverse, or combined).In men, flat feet usually develop after injuries to the ankles or fractures in the foot, as well as professional flat feet, which is associated with prolonged standing on the legs, lifting weights. Women often cause flat feet to wear high-heeled shoes. The fact is that during the wearing of high heels, the center of gravity of the body shifts, which leads to an increase in the load on the front part of the foot and the turn of the foot inside.

Diagnostics of flatfoot.

When you see the main symptoms of flatfoot, it is recommended that you visit an orthopedic doctor. The doctor will examine you and conduct special studies:

  1. Podemetry - measuring the height of the arch of the foot from the floor.
  2. Plantography is the study of a footprint left on paper.
  3. To determine the degree of flatfoot, the doctor will prescribe the X-ray of the foot in the lateral projection

Treatment of flat feet in adults.

There are 2 main methods of treating flatfoot: surgically and conservatively.

Conservative treatment of flat feet includes foot massage, foot baths, electrophoresis, curative gymnastics, wearing orthopedic shoes, special insoles, etc., and is prescribed in the first and second stages of flatfoot development. In some cases, conservative methods of treatment are ineffective, and therefore require surgical treatment.

  1. Walking on a log, climbing a rope © - Using information without a hyperlink to the source is prohibited.

    Reviews about "All about flatfoot and its treatment":

    October 7, 2011 12:54 Anel well helps walk on the mop, especially on wooden Soviet, as well as walk in the position of a bearded bear, is also very good April 18, 201210:01 the searcher would like to know who is the author of this article? Who can I ask questions?who can reasonably explain why this is so, and not on another need to correct flat feet?on what are its conclusions based? May 29, 2012 12:02 Love I also have a transverse flatfoot, it's hard to walk. The feet of my feet are burning with fire, I probably will not be able to give up my legs at all. I've always worked physically, the load on my legs was huge, now I'm suffering, plus still fashionablenarrow shoes with heels. Now it is difficult to pick up shoes. I have a big problem. July 13, 2012 02:13 Natali With longitudinal flat feet, a child of 6 years old can be engaged in ballroom dancing?13 July, 2012 10:59 MedKollegia_Polismed Hello. Ballroom dancing can both improve, so to harm your child's condition. It depends on the degree of flat feet. That's why, before you give the child to the dance, be sure to consult an orthopedic doctor. August 22, 2012 08:42 Zuhra Hello. My son is 6 years old, found a plane 3-4 degrees. Now we go to the treatment to the instructor LFK, massage, SMT.Question. This diagnosis is curable? August 22, 2012 11:11 MedKollegia_Polismed Hello. When flat feet of 3-4 degrees with ineffectiveness of conservative measures( LFK, massage, etc.), an operation is prescribed. In any case, the chances of a full recovery are high.03 september, 2012 21:57 Denis Hello, I am 18 years old, flat feet 3 degrees or higher, the joints have recently started to hurt( Muscles in the knee, shin and bones), although before that I was engaged in cycling, tourism generally ledactive way of life, not paying attention as any other teenager, a flat-footed hostile, what and how do I do?tell me please, insoles ordered what else do I need to do? ?I do not want to lose interest in all my hobbies because of such "Trivia". .. Thank you in advance!12 October, 2012 18:02 Dina good evening! To the son 6j year, have diagnosed a flat-valgus feet. But I do not understand who to believe, one orthopedist scared that the transverse-longitudinal plane.and almost goes deformations.chest, and the other is flat-valgus feet and everything is not so scary. . now I see that my daughter's legs go inside when walking, although half a year ago( in 2d) they said everything normal. What do I do not understand, here's to buy shoes, but I do not know what to take. Maybe somehow comment. . thanks! October 30, 2012 11:17 Katia Hello, my name is Catherine, today I went to see a surgeon and found out that I have a combined flat foot( transverse 2 degrees, longitudinal 2 degrees), advise what to do and what method to be treated? December 04, 2012 12:12 Sergey I'm 31 years old. When walking 4 km.the knee aches a day. What advise to do? April 18, 2015 23:03 Rimma Good evening. I'm 55 years old. I'm sick of feet on both feet.it is difficult to walk. on the left leg is a swollen ankle joint.sometimes it hurts a lot.when pressing a finger, a hole remains. I ask advice 05 May, 2015 12:56 nastya to which doctor will contact in this case need? May 06, 2015 18:47 The medical school Nastya in case of flat feet should consult an orthopedic doctor. June 27, 2015 17:17 Tatiana Up to what age can a child have a flat foot in a conservative way? June 28, 2015 08:03 Tatiana, the treatment of flat feet in a child depends on age, type of flat feet, the presence of concomitant diseases, hereditary factor, the type of conservative therapy. Of no less importance is the perseverance of ongoing activities. Conservative therapy is used not only in the treatment of flat feet in children, but also in adults. September 19, 2015 19:30 Natalia When treating longitudinal flatfoot with SMT therapy, it is necessary to arrange gaskets on the tables 12 January, 2016 09:12 Leo All this method of treating flatfoot is not effective. Existing and persistently recommended orthopedic parents orthopedic shoes, does not have a preventive function.treatment, and rehabilitation. This, in fact, is a prosthesis.which helps, relieves pain with active life, but no more. The prosthesis does not heal. And here.money from their parents is good. The same function is carried by all kinds of orthopedic insoles. There is a completely unique domestic patented technology for the prevention and treatment of flatfoot. It has no analogues in the world. Only, our health care system is not needed. The Ministry refused to introduce it. What for? Extra worries. February 04, 2016 08:54 Xenia Leo! And what kind of technique? Where can I get acquainted with it? What does it give? I'm not asking from curiosity, but from necessity.

    Add your comment:

  2. Skate on the floor with a foot of a rolling pin or a small ball.
  3. A napkin is placed on the floor, which is suggested to be crushed with the help of a foot.
  4. The child is offered to collect his toes and move from place to place the objects scattered on the floor.
  5. Circular movements with feet out and inside.
  6. Standing on socks, reduce and spread the heels, without taking your fingers off the floor.
  7. Grasp the ball with both stops and lift it, keeping it between the feet.
  8. Alternately walk on toes, on the heels, on the outer edges of the feet.
  9. Rolling from heel to toe.
  10. Walk on the ribbed surface( massage mat, sand, pebbles).

Also surgical treatment is required for the treatment of the third stage of flatfoot. There are several types of operations for flatfoot, but the main goal of surgical treatment is to shorten the ligaments, correct the arches of the foot and eliminate the effects of flat feet( for example, the deviation of the first toe).

Flat feet in children.

All children are born with imaginary flat feet, which is explained by the abundance of subcutaneous fat in the foot. A peculiarity of imaginary childish flat feet is that as children grow older, they naturally get rid of flat feet: with the development of walking and running, muscles develop and the child's foot takes on the usual outlines. The full formation of the arches of the foot is completed by 3 years. In this regard, a flat foot in children under three years can not be attributed to a true flat foot.

In childhood, congenital and acquired flat feet occur. The cause of congenital flat feet are the developmental defects of the foot in the intrauterine period.

Acquired platypodia in children is usually due to the following factors:

  1. Overweight child
  2. Wearing substandard shoes( too soft or too hard sole, rubber shoes, too high heel or missing)
  3. Rickets and calcium and phosphorus metabolism in the child
  4. Incorrectly fused fracture
  5. Prolonged bed rest with severe illnesses
  6. During puberty, hormonal changes cause a prolonged muscle spasm and can lead to a flatfoot
  7. Excessive joint mobility
  8. Heavy lifting( for example, when wearing younger brothers or sisters)
  9. Intensified ballet classes

What are the consequences of flatfoot in a child?

Children with flat feet are disturbed by an important function of the foot - depreciation. As a result, the vibration of the body during walking and running is transmitted to the shin, hip joints, spine, etc. Prolonged irritation of the joints leads to their inflammation - arthrosis. The effect of flat feet on the spine is the development of curvature of the spine, or scoliosis in children. Such symptoms of flat feet, such as leg pain, fatigue, headaches lead to reduced school performance.

How to determine if there is a flatfoot in a child?

You can determine the presence of flat feet in your child's orthopedic doctor, but at home you can conduct a simple test for the presence of flat feet in the child. To carry out the test( planotography), it is necessary to lubricate the sole of the baby's foot with vegetable oil and put it on a blank sheet of paper. The result is a footprint of the child, from which you can determine the state of the arch of the foot. Normally, the cut on the foot is 2/3 of its width. With flat feet, there is not a small cutout. If you notice a change after this test, you should show your child an orthopedic doctor.

How to choose the right shoes for a child?

To properly form the arches of the foot in a child, you need to buy quality shoes. The child's shoes must have a hard back, fixing the heel, a small heel with a height of half a centimeter( no more and no less), and an insole with a small elastic thickening( instep) on the inside of the foot.

Treatment of flat feet.

The main goal of flatfoot treatment is to eliminate pain in the foot, strengthen the muscles and ligaments of the foot and restore the functions of the foot. There are two main methods of treating flatfoot: surgically( surgery) and conservative way.

Among the conservative methods of flatfoot treatment is allocated therapeutic gymnastics, massage, foot baths, physiotherapy, wearing the right orthopedic footwear or insoles.

Treatment of flat feet in a child at the earliest stage of the disease, with the inconsistency of the ligaments of the foot is reduced to the appointment of rest, the temporary cessation of sports. We recommend warm foot baths and massage. An effective method of treatment at an early stage of flatfoot development is the foot bath, the bottom of which is packed with river pebbles. The child is offered to roll stones in the water with his feet.

Plane prophylaxis in children.

For the prevention and treatment of flat feet in children, the following set of exercises can be applied:

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