Treatment of joints

The use of hyaluronic acid preparations for the treatment of joints

Probably no therapeutic problem causes so much interest as the problems of joint diseases. Their lesions are extremely diverse: they are gout, rheumatoid arthritis, the effects of sports injuries, infectious lesions, such as brucellosis and streptococcal, etc. Joints are affected in non-inflammatory diseases, for example, with arthrosis. There is even a special section of practical medicine that studies the structure of the joints, their function, lesions, diseases and treatment options. It is called arthrology. The possibilities of modern methods of diagnosis and treatment of joint diseases are very wide - from the installation of fully artificial implants with arthrosis of the hip joints to intra-articular injections of various drugs, including hormones.

Features of the trophism of the joints

There is a specific feature of the joints that does not allow to guarantee the entry of the drug into the growth zone of the articular cartilage in the desired therapeutic concentration with the same ease as in the lungs, kidneys and other internal organs. The point is that there is no blood circulation near the articular surfaces, or vascularization. If you give the patient the usual medicine in tablets, it gets into the bloodstream. The concentration of the injected drug can be simply measured in the blood, even taking into account the neutralization of the microsomal system of the liver.

instagram viewer

Joints should have freedom of movement, sometimes in three planes( hip, shoulder), and braiding the cartilage with a network of vessels is impractical. Therefore, chondrocytes, which produce the substance of cartilaginous tissue, switched to a diffuse type of nutrition, not directly related to the vascular network. The joint, in general, should never come into contact with blood. Moreover, any massive accidental ingress of blood into the joint cavity, the so-called hemarthrosis, must be immediately removed. If this is not done, the blood clot is eventually organized and can cause complete ankylosis of the joint, that is, immobility.

How the cartilaginous tissue grows and the articular surfaces of

are formed. An example of growing cartilage from a child's condition to an adult can be the expansion of the area of ​​the room in the following way: the worker outside scrapes the substance of the walls, and the worker from the inside all the time throws a new solution on the walls. In a few years you can see that the area of ​​the room has increased.
The role of the "external worker" carries loads on articular surfaces that erase the cartilage surface and form an articular fluid, and the role of the "internal" is the synthesis of collagen and hyaluronic acid by the chondrocytes.

This primitive, but true model of the diffuse type of trophism of cartilaginous tissue growing from within. Moreover, the outer, faded part of the cartilage forms an important component of the intra-articular fluid, with a lack of which there is such a familiar crunch and clicking.

The surfaces of articular cartilage

are lubricated The most important component of the intraarticulate or synovial fluid is hyaluronic acid, which acts as a "biological lubricant".In addition, it is part of the skin and vitreous body inside the eyeball. It is used in cosmetic surgery to fill volumes, smooth out various wrinkles. Also, it can be a part of various means for skin care.

What is the effectiveness of hyaluronic acid preparations

Hyaluronic acid preparations for joints are used in medicine quite actively. And the main problem is the short-term effectiveness of the drug injected into the joint cavity. Injections in this case are preferable to tableted forms. Before the preparations of hyaluronic acid became known, for example, intra-articular injection of sterile peach oil was used( Tsivyan Ya. L., "My work", "My patients").

In the case of oral intake of hyaluronic acid preparations( i.e., inside), the digestive organs refer to them in the same way as to the cold from the pork legs, especially since there is a significant amount of this substance in the cold. Therefore, it makes no difference whether you eat two jelly plates, or take a few capsules of the drug containing hyaluronic acid. Therefore, from the point of view of evidence-based medicine, the effectiveness of a large number of known capsular preparations for the treatment of joint diseases is negligible and comparable to the placebo effect.

Hyaluronic acid can not be introduced into the bloodstream, as this substance normally never enters the blood, and the consequence may be severe complications up to a lethal outcome. Thus, there remains only one method of bringing hyaluronic acid to its destination - local. For example, injections of hyaluronic acid preparations into the knee joint reduce the crunch, discomfort during movement and pain, increase the painless amplitude of movements. The use of this substance with paravertebral injections during blockades with acute back pain also has a definite positive effect.

Hyaluronic acid preparations are available as sodium hyaluronate. These are Ostenil, Fermatron, Synvisc and others. They are produced in syringes, and their cost is high enough. For example, the preparation Synvisc, produced by the German company Genzyme Biosurgery, is recommended to be administered 3 times a week for 2 ml. The cost of this course is 14,000 prices as of February 2014

Naturally, the passive administration of hyaluronic acid is not the best treatment, because, after all, it has not been proven that in addition to lubrication, the drug is absorbed by the joint and included in the chondrocyte metabolic cycle. But even in this case, it is the intra-articular administration that greatly facilitates the quality of life of patients with arthrologic pathology.

Why Hyaluronic Acid for Joints

Throughout the history of medicine, mankind has been trying to find universal methods of saving joints from destructive changes and destruction, putting a barrier to malignant neoplasms and a hernia. Unfortunately, a universal drug has not yet been found, but there is a whole complex of drugs that have a beneficial effect on the restoration of joint tissues. They contain nicotinic acid. There are also drugs with the addition of folic acid. But the most popular and widespread is hyaluronic.

Than the drug will help joints

Hyaluronic acid is used, in particular, in cosmetology. Hyaluron drugs are used, like nicotinic acid, for skin rejuvenation. However, more important is another: hyaluron is able to have a beneficial effect on the spine. Destructive changes in the joint tissue are difficult to slow down. But with the use of the hyaluronic component, it became possible. It is introduced in various diseases of the musculoskeletal system.

It is a natural component for the human body. In the body of each person it contains an average of 15 g. Daily 5 g of hyaluronic acid is updated. Where is the component that is important for the health and normal functioning of the body? In the joint tissue. Hyaluronic acid, like nicotine, participates in metabolic processes. In the structure of any joint should be these acids, which are also in biological fluids.

A drop in the amount of hyaluronic acid below normal leads to health problems. In osteochondrosis, there is a significant decrease in articular tissues. That is why it is so important first of all to regulate its content in natural ways. The use of products rich in this component helps to effectively solve this problem.

How hyaluron can enter the body

Natural source of acid for joint health

Hyaluron is found in a number of food products, the use of which is prescribed to people suffering from various joint diseases. To strengthen the spine, usually advised to eat:

  • soy products;
  • potatoes;
  • grape juice;
  • broths from legs and skins of domestic animals;
  • home made wine.

It is necessary to know: the list of products where there is hyaluronic acid is still limited. It is present, in particular, in the broths of the legs and skins of domestic animals, in the components of their joints and cartilage. That's why the diet should include the above products.

Hyaluronic acid perfectly combines with calcium. When it is used, doctors are often advised to eat calcium-containing foods. They are also necessary for joints and are used, in particular, to counter hernia.

As a medical preparation that supports and restores the joint tissue, hyaluronic acid is most often injected. Once it is in the human body, the cartilage begins to become covered with a protective film. A similar process occurs if the acid is found inside the knee joint. Cartilaginous surfaces become more elastic, elastic. The protective film makes the functioning of the affected joints less painful. But the main thing is that it protects the cartilage tissue from abrasion. Therefore, experts recommend it to those who have a weak spine. The drug in tablets is prescribed and with a hernia of the spine.

Some processes start, others - stops?

The introduction of the drug directly into the joint promotes the regeneration of cartilage and the early recovery of

Hyaluronic acid for joints is used when a person experiences pain in these synovial joints of bones. If there is a swelling of the joints, the remedy will help reduce it. Why is this drug so effective in reducing soreness of the joints? This is due to a complex effect on the joint tissues, which is not limited to the creation of a protective film alone.

Viscosity of synovial fluid of any joint is an integral part of its normal activity. If it decreases - the destruction of the joint tissues begins and pain symptoms appear. Preparations with this component increase the density of the synovial fluid, becoming, like nicotinic acid, an obstacle to the appearance of pain.

Nutrition of cells of the articular tissue and metabolism in the body - interrelated processes that affect the health of each person. Nicotinic acid also participates in it. Preparations with hyaluronic acid improve the nutrition of cells of chondrocytes. If this process does not occur in the body, there will be no conditions for the restoration of the articular cartilage. The presence of hyaluronic acid is necessary for the normal functioning of chondrocytes. Once it is introduced into the body, another mechanism of fighting pain is launched.

The lack of hyaluronic acid is no less dangerous in osteochondrosis than inflammation of the joint. The etiology of this phenomenon may be different, but in any case it triggers destructive processes in articular, periarticular tissues and muscles.

Injection of a drug with this component allows to reduce inflammatory processes that cover articular tissues. Inflammation is always accompanied by painful symptoms, which at first can and do not make itself felt. Preparations with a hyaluronic base slow it down, in parallel reducing the puffiness in the area of ​​the affected joint.

Use and contraindications

In the last stages of many diseases of the spine and musculoskeletal system, surgical intervention is required to perform the restoration functions of the joint. It is also an effective method in the case of neglected osteochondrosis. When an operation is to be performed, in particular, surgical intervention in osteochondrosis, the patient is often prescribed drugs with hyaluronic acid. The remedy is also used in the postoperative period. Preparations with hyaluronic acid help in the restoration of tissues.

If a person has a spinal injury, hyaluron is needed to restore the joint tissue between the vertebrae. As for various joint injuries, medications with this component are also vital for the treatment of lesions and the early restoration of the normal functioning of tissues.

It is also used as a preventive agent. If a person has injured limbs and the spine, this medication is prescribed. Hyaluronic acid also treats various joint diseases.

In its effect on the body with it, folic acid is similar. However, in some cases, its drugs can not be administered to the body. But folinic acid in rheumatoid arthritis is not a remedy that can cure ailment. This is an auxiliary drug that is used for the prevention. It helps to eliminate complications of chemotherapy, which is one of the main components of therapeutic measures.

But it must be remembered that the introduction of hyaluronic acid into the articular tissue, its use in the form of tablets or ointments should be carried out strictly according to the prescription of the doctor. Hyaluronic acid, like any medical preparation, has a number of contraindications.

Means with hyaluronic acid are contraindicated in children. There are also situations where the use of the drug is possible only under certain conditions. This includes cases of the use of folic acid in rheumatoid disease of various joints. If a person has problems with the functioning of the hip joint, the acid in rheumatoid arthritis is also injected. But even here there are a number of nuances concerning its correct application.

If there is a lesion of the joint and there is an infected wound, hyaluron is not injected. Hyaluronic acid can not be treated with inflammation of the joints that occur in parallel with the presence of skin diseases.

Hyaluronic acid for joints

Application of hyaluronic acid for joints is one of the most effective modern methods of treating various rheumatic diseases. Better than other means, hyaluronic injections help to get rid of even the most severe pain and restore the joint damaged by the disease.

What are the benefits of hyaluronic acid preparations for joints?

Regardless of which method is chosen, the treatment of arthrosis should be comprehensive. Simultaneously there must be solutions to such important problems:

  • pain relief;
  • increased mobility of the joint;
  • normalization of blood circulation in the affected joint;
  • strengthening of muscles around the affected joint;
  • acceleration of the process of recovery of the sick joint.

Only such an approach will help not only to remove the symptoms of the disease, but also to forget about arthrosis forever.

Treatment with hyaluronic acid preparations for joints in the joints

Hyaluronic acid is part of the medical injections. The thing is that in a healthy joint it is contained in large quantities and is the main component of cartilage. With arthrosis, the acid concentration is significantly reduced, and friction in the joint due to this increases. As a result, there are degenerative changes in tissues, which give patients a lot of discomfort.

Injections of hyaluronic acid into the knee, shoulder or hip joint help restore metabolic processes. This method of treatment makes it possible to create around the diseased cartilage a special protective film, which restrains the subsequent destruction of tissues. The joint is gradually restored, becoming as mobile as before.

Advantages of hyaluronic acid treatment for arthrosis of the knee are obvious:

  1. Shortly after the beginning of the use of drugs, inflammation decreases.
  2. The disease ceases to progress, so that surgical intervention can be avoided.
  3. Injections stimulate the natural synthesis of hyaluronic acid.
  4. Drugs are harmless - they have no side effects.
  5. The effect of injections persists for at least a year after completion of the treatment course.
  6. Hyaluronic acid-based products nourish the cells of chondrocytes, thereby providing ideal conditions for the speedy recovery of articular cartilage.

The most commonly used for treatment are:

  • Duralan;
  • Adant;
  • Gialgan;
  • Hyal;
  • Ostanenyl;
  • Co-ordraum.

Hyaluronic acid for joints

In order to always be in excellent shape and to feel well, it is necessary to replenish the stores of nutrients in the body, paying special attention to the most important components, including hyaluronic acid, which is part of the connectingtissues.

This substance plays an incredibly important role in the work of the human body, despite the fact that the body of hyaluronic acid contains no more than 15 grams, of which most of the daily renewal.

The significance of this acid was felt by people suffering from osteoarthritis of the joints, who know firsthand about the consequences of the lack of hyaluronic acid.

Value of hyaluronic acid

Hyaluronic acid is one of the most important components of biological lubrication of joints. It has a direct effect on the elasticity of cartilaginous tissue, protecting it from erasure. It is the lack of hyaluronic acid in the body that leads to the development of most joint diseases - cartilaginous tissue weakens and gradually wears out.

Recovery of the acid level improves the sliding of the cartilaginous surfaces and increases their elasticity. Thanks to this substance, amortizing functions are restored in the worn out cartilaginous tissue, which positively affects the mobility of the joints.

If you start using hyaluronic acid in the early stages of the disease, you can avoid the emergence of pronounced inflammatory processes. This acid is an alternative to surgical intervention and is a very effective way to repair cartilage tissue in a short time.

In a word, if you are experiencing joint disease or have noticed painful sensations during movement, pay attention to hyaluronic acid, increasing its amount in the body by medical or natural way.

Sources of hyaluronic acid

In the presence of joint diseases and the urgent need to increase the level of hyaluronic acid in the body, a special injection is used, however, it can be obtained from the usual foods that are present in our diet and contribute to the production of acid in sufficient quantities.

The richest source of hyaluronic acid are the scallops of cocks and chickens. In addition, people with joint diseases should eat cartilage and joints of animals that are on the bones of cooked meat. Particularly useful cartilage of domestic animals grown on natural products.

Chicken broth, cooked from poultry skins and legs, will also be useful for the body. Note that the absorption of hyaluronic acid contributes to calcium, so make sure that your diet contains foods rich in calcium.

Procedure for the administration of hyaluronic acid

Hyaluronic acid, presented as an injection that is used for medical purposes, is injected directly into the interior of the joint. This is done with a syringe by an experienced doctor. The course of acid use is usually two weeks, after which it is necessary to take a break of at least a year, and then, if necessary, to re-course.

Not so long ago a new drug appeared on the market, which is hyaluronic acid in tablets. However, it is necessary to understand that taking such tablets can not completely replace injections, and is effective only as a preventive measure in the period between courses of treatment of patients with joints under stationary conditions.

Disadvantages of hyaluronic acid

Despite the fact that hyaluronic acid has practically no side effects and most of the patients are well tolerated, this procedure has its drawbacks. The most significant of these is the high cost of injecting hyaluronic acid, injected into the joint. That is why, not everyone can afford such a method of treatment.

Hyaluronic Acid for

Joints Today, a modern and effective method of arthrosis therapy is the introduction of inside the joint of hyaluronic acid-based medicines , which is one of the most important components of articular cartilage and synovial fluid.

Benefits of hyaluronic acid for joints

Hyaluronic acid is often called a natural "liquid prosthesis" of the joint fluid. Introduced inside the joint, it contributes to a significant improvement in the lubricating characteristics of the joint fluid, it reduces friction between the contiguous articular surfaces, forming a protective film on the surface of the cartilage. Also hyaluronic acid is able to penetrate deep into the cartilage, so that the cartilage becomes more elastic, its damping properties are improved.

Procedure for injecting hyaluronic acid into various joints

Hyaluronic acid injections are primarily used for arthrosis of large joints, because they are mostly subjected to strong permanent loads. These joints include knee, hip, shoulder joints. As a result of the introduction of a "liquid prosthesis" into the joint, the load on the cartilaginous tissue decreases, the range of movements in the joint considerably widens. Hyaluronic acid can also be used for administration and in joints subjected to less stress. These joints include the elbow, ankle, wrist joint, as well as the joints of the fingers and toes. The difference is only in the amount of the drug injected into the joint. In large joints, usually 2 ml of a solution containing 20 mg of hyaluronic acid is injected, 1 ml of a solution containing 10 mg of drug substance is injected into the small joints.

Hyaluronic acid preparation

Course of hyaluronic acid treatment

The duration of treatment is from 3 to 5 injections in courses 1-2 times per year. Depending on the stage of arthrosis, the duration of treatment varies. If the first stage of arthrosis is sufficient for one year of treatment, then in the third stage, treatment should be carried out for 3-4 years.

Hyaluronic acid preparation

Contraindications to the use of hyaluronic acid

The advantage of hyaluronic acid is that it practically does not cause side effects. Hyaluronic acid can not be injected into the joint if inflammation is present in it, because with inflammation the acid breaks down very quickly and the therapeutic effect is not achieved. Therefore, for the beginning it is necessary to remove all signs of inflammation in the joint, and only after that to insert inside the joint hyaluronic acid.

Treatment of joints

Treatment of jointsDiseases Of The Joints

Features of rehabilitation after hip replacement Rehabilitation after hip arthroplasty is a long process of recovery with physical exercises and other supportive procedures. Diseases of joints,...

Read More
Treatment of joints

Treatment of jointsDiseases Of The Joints

What should I do if my knee is swollen and sore? Causes, diagnosis, pre-medical care Almost all diseases and injuries of the knee joint are accompanied by the development of edema and inflammat...

Read More
Treatment of joints

Treatment of jointsDiseases Of The Joints

Rupture of ligaments Rupture of ligaments - disruption of ligament integrity due to trauma. May be complete or partial. It results from the application of force exceeding the strength of t...

Read More