How many weeks does rheumatism develop after a sore throat?
Very often people who have had tonsillitis themselves or have observed the course of this disease in close people, consider it a little worse than a common cold. Few people think about the consequences of such a disease. One of the most common and most serious complications after angina is rheumatism .
Symptoms and consequences of sore throat
Treatment of sore throat is necessary as soon as the first signs are noticed, as, depending on the degree of the disease, internal organs can be affected, and the state of health in the future will leave much to be desired. The assumption that, once ill, can be avoided, erroneous. Rheumatism can occur even after the only sore throat, so you need to protect yourself from this disease. Infecting angina through carriers of the disease is easy. It is very important to protect children from it, as they are more susceptible, and people with chronic tonsillitis. Therefore, parents should monitor the condition of the child after a sore throat. At the first signs of the disease, you should immediately consult a doctor.
Safety rules to avoid infection with angina
There are safety rules that must be adhered to not to get infected with angina from a person living nearby. Patients with sore throat should be isolated from others as far as possible, regularly ventilate the room in which it is located, moisten the air, monitor the absence of dust. Select the dishes that must be disinfected. A sick sore throat should comply with all the doctor's instructions, and, most importantly, bed rest. Complete recovery is considered with normal blood analysis.
Often happens that as soon as the first signs have disappeared, a person goes to work, returns to the usual way of life, but the disease is not cured completely. All this leads to the fact that the disease becomes latent, and the risk of rheumatic fever increases. But even worse, when the tonsillitis begins to recur frequently and becomes the cause of a constant inflammation of the tonsils, which is called chronic tonsillitis. Symptoms of such a disease - painful swallowing, a slight increase in temperature, fatigue and the appearance of bad breath.
What happens in the body after angina
After the tonsillitis or exacerbation of chronic tonsillitis, the blood and lymph vessels are affected by toxins, which are the products of cell decay from infected tonsils and dead microbes. They are considered a poison that poisons organs, tissues of the body, having a negative impact on the body. Because of this, the defensive forces of a person are rebuilt, and the sick organism becomes susceptible to streptococcal infection. Therefore, repeated exposure to the microbe in the body leads to rheumatism.
It should be remembered that after an angina illness, immunity to this disease is not developed. From the repeated situation, no one is immune. To a sore throat can lead a chronic inflammation of the tonsils. There are various methods of treatment, the main ones are exposure to X-rays or ultraviolet rays. But when this does not lead to the desired results, then they resort to the prompt removal of tonsils - tonsillectomy. If the sore throat is not treated, then the likelihood of rheumatic fever is high enough.
How rheumatism develops after angina
Rheumatism is a terrible disease that can develop at any age, leads to disability and shortens life. It develops after getting into the body of a streptococcal infection, after infection of which inflammation of the connective tissue follows. Since this tissue consists of all the organs and systems of the body, the whole body is affected. In the first place, the heart, blood vessels and joints suffer. Rheumatism can manifest itself a couple of weeks after the angina. Immediately swollen joints, redness is formed over them, there are pains that intensify at night. All this is accompanied by a general weakness and an increase in temperature. With acute rheumatism, even a gentle touch causes severe pain. In addition to joints, this disease affects the internal organs and develops a violation of the nervous system. At the first signs you should immediately visit a specialist.
The defeat of the nervous system is manifested in a violation of coordination of movements, emotional imbalance, inattention, rapid fatigue and passivity. Later, motor disorders develop, such as uncontrolled movements, grimaces, speech disorders and other unpleasant symptoms. The defeat of the nervous system is accompanied by a constant headache, and sometimes convulsive seizures. The most terrible thing for patients with rheumatism is that this disease, having arisen once, repeatedly renews and worries then all life. In this case, severe heart valve defects are gradually formed. The first sign is shortness of breath while climbing the stairs and fast walking. The more severe case, when at night there are attacks of cardiac asthma, also possible palpitations, cough, sometimes with blood, a feeling of heaviness in the chest, swelling, dizziness and fainting. Rheumatism develops rather quickly, and its symptoms signal that the body is in danger.
Only the rheumatologist can make the correct diagnosis. To diagnose rheumatism, you must first go through a general clinical and immunological analysis of blood, which helps identify signs of inflammation and specific substances that indicate the presence of rheumatism in the body. To conduct such a survey is recommended at least three weeks after the onset of the disease. In almost all patients rheumatism provokes heart disease, therefore, first of all, this organ is tested. Sometimes a rheumatologist, at his discretion, appoints an additional examination of the joints. After this comprehensive research, rheumatism is effectively treated.
Methods of preventing the occurrence of angina and rheumatism
First of all, you need to monitor your dental health and visit the dentist regularly. Microbes descend on the tonsils, thereby infecting them. Great importance for the prevention of sore throat has a free nose breath. If a person breathes through the mouth, the natural process of heating the air is broken, both through the nose, as a result, cooling of the tonsils may occur. The cause of severe breathing can be diseases of the nasal cavity. They are amenable to treatment, so you can solve this problem. On the individual resistance of the organism to microbes, immunity is influenced by many factors, including genetic ones. Some of them can not be affected, but living conditions can be changed. To avoid this, it is necessary to carry out regular tempering procedures.
For example, a great way is to visit a Russian bath. And do not be afraid of what you need to drop down after the steam room in cold water. The organism itself will want it and will be grateful for such hardening. If you regularly visit the bath, you can quickly get rid of cardiovascular diseases, improve skin tone and raise immunity. Given the fact that rheumatism often begins at preschool and school age, it is necessary to devote a lot of time to physical education and tempering the child from early childhood.
For infants, hardening should be started with a small amount of water. To acquaint with cold water it is necessary gradually, first splashing on the child, then watering. After dousing, it is necessary to dry out in the air, it is better if it is in motion. Do not be afraid of a slight tremor, as this is a kind of micromassage of yourself. It must be ensured that she does not go into chills, after which hypothermia occurs. If you notice at least one of its signs - goosebumps, chills, blue lips, immediately remove the baby from the water, warm it by rubbing it dry with a towel so that the skin burns, if possible, water it with hot tea. If the child is afraid of water, it is necessary to accustom to douche through the game, this is the most pleasant and effective way.
Another procedure for hardening is called walrus. This is a short immersion in ice water or swimming in it for short distances. The meaning of walrus is that the body quickly gives a large amount of heat, and with regular exercises it allows to strengthen immunity, improve blood circulation and temperature regulation of the body. For children it is not very suitable, especially for babies. If parents are engaged in this long ago, then you can create a family tradition. But this kind of recovery should be approached very seriously and it is advisable to consult a doctor before starting. There are many ways of hardening, and everyone can choose to their liking, most importantly, want to be healthy.
The most important thing is that you can start this path to health only when a person feels well, but not during illness, and some time after it. Prevention of rheumatism is considered an active way of life and adherence to proper nutrition. Be Healthy!
Possible symptoms and treatment of joint rheumatism
Joint rheumatism is an infectious-allergic disease in which the connective tissue is afflicted. The disease affects mostly young people. Often, the first symptoms of joint rheumatism appear even in childhood( from 7 to 15 years).Elderly people already suffer from the effects of the rheumatic process, mainly, these are diseases of the cardiovascular system.
It is believed that the causative agent of the disease is streptococcal infection. This disease often appears as a complication after angina, pneumonia, tonsillitis, scarlet fever, frigidity and even dental caries. Allergic reactions are an accompanying factor for the development of the disease.
In most cases, the disease is a hereditary disease and manifests itself in those people whose relatives have already suffered from this ailment.
The peculiarity of this disease is the fact that there is a clear connection with the transferred streptococcal infection. Rheumatism is manifested after 2-4 weeks after the infectious process( tonsillitis, tonsillitis, etc.).The pain sensations in the joint are very strong and the motion in it is very difficult. Sometimes even a slight touch to it causes severe pain. The disease affects mainly large joints( knee, elbow, ankle, etc.)
Joints look swollen and reddened, feel hot. Another feature of the disease is the fact that the pain can suddenly disappear, and then reappear. But the disappearance of pain does not mean recovery. As a rule, rheumatism is a chronic process and it proceeds wavyly with periods of exacerbation and remission.
During exacerbations, the temperature of the patient's body rises sharply to high figures and can reach 39-40 degrees. The patient feels weakness, even small movements knock him out of his body, while there is a strong sweating.
Rapidly inflammatory process spreads to other adjacent joints and arises polyarthritis( multiple joint damage).This happens in the following way: first one large joint is affected, for example, the shoulder joint. There are signs of inflammation and severe pain. But after a few hours the pain subsides and painful sensations appear already in the elbow joint, and then in the wrist joint. Thus, the rheumatism of the joints of this form has a so-called volatile character. There is no deformation of the joints. As a rule, this course of the disease is benign. The main thing in this case is to start treatment on time.
Specialists noted that rheumatism often affects those joints that are most stressed, for example, in the course of their professional activities or were previously traumatized.
Exacerbations of the disease are observed several times a year, as a rule, it happens in autumn or winter, i.e.in the cold season. Often it is hypothermia that provokes the disease.
To treat rheumatism of joints is necessary, becausehe is dangerous for his complications in the heart. Often a patient develops a disease like carditis. There are stitching or aching pain in the area of the heart muscle. Develops shortness of breath with minimal physical exertion. There are violations of the work from the heart. According to statistics, about 20% of such disorders lead to the formation of cardiac malformations.
In order to diagnose rheumatism of the joints, it is enough to settle:
- a general blood test;
- biochemical blood test;
- X-ray pictures of patients with joints.
A radiograph will show signs of inflammation. In the general analysis of blood, ESR will be increased. If the tests are taken in the acute phase of the disease, then a marked leukocytosis will be observed, and in the leukocyte formula the amount of neutrophils will increase significantly. A biochemical study will show a high level of C-reactive protein and rheumatoid.
To identify complications from the heart, patients are advised to undergo ECG.
It is compulsory at the first signs of illness to seek medical help. The sooner you start taking action, the less likely the occurrence of complications. If the patient is diagnosed with joint rheumatism, the treatment started on time can stop the further development of the disease. As a rule, it is long and lasts about 50 days.
First of all, patients with a similar diagnosis are assigned bed rest and a special diet with low salt content. It is forbidden to get out of bed with a patient until the inflammatory process in the affected joints goes down.
To treat this disease follows complex, it is prescribed:
- antibacterial therapy;
- non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs:
- means to enhance immunity;
- antihistamines( if necessary);
- steroid hormones( in severe cases);
- physiotherapy, after the removal of acute symptoms of the disease;
To treat streptococcal infection that caused the disease, an antibiotic of the penicillin series( Benzylpenicillin, Phenoxymethylpenicillin, etc.) is prescribed. If the patient does not tolerate this group of antibiotics, then appoint Erythromycin. The course of antibacterial treatment lasts about 10 days, depending on the severity of the process and the individual characteristics of the patient. In some cases, a second antibiotic is prescribed.
In addition, the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs( Amidopirin, Aspirin, etc.) is necessary. Their reception lasts about a month or more, until the active inflammation of the joints will not go to a decline.
To strengthen the protective forces of the patient and improve immunity, it is recommended to take gamma globulins, glucocorticoids and immunosuppressants.
Steroid hormones( Triamcinolone, Prednisolone and others) are prescribed with insufficiently effective action of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, as well as in the development of complications associated with inflammation of the heart muscle - carditis.
In addition to medical treatment, after the acute inflammatory process is removed, patients are prescribed a course of physiotherapeutic procedures. For the treatment of rheumatism, paraffin therapy, UHF, electrophoresis and infrared heating are widely used.
If the prescribed treatment for a long time does not bring relief to the patient, a plasmaphoresis procedure can be performed. This method allows you to purify the blood from unnecessary anil and toxins.
To reduce the risk of complications of the rheumatic process, the disease should be treated immediately after the onset of the first symptoms.
For the prevention of rheumatic heart disease after a streptococcal infection( angina, scarlet fever, tonsillitis, etc.), a course of antibiotics( Bicillin-5) may be prescribed. Injections are made intramuscularly once a month for several years. Especially such a preventive measure takes place if there is a hereditary predisposition to this disease.
It is necessary in closed children's institutions( kindergartens and schools) to prevent streptococcal infection. So, if a child has been diagnosed with tonsillitis, scarlet fever, or another disease caused by streptococcus, then the use of Phenoxymethylpenicillin for 5 days is indicated for preventive purposes to all children who were in contact with a sick child.
Possible complications ↑
In the absence of treatment, rheumatic heart disease occurs.
Heart palpitations and heart rate, heart pains and heartbeat failures suggest that inflammation of the heart tissue develops, accompanied by shortness of breath, sweating and weakness.
Other effects of untreated chronic joint rheumatism include:
- rheumatoid arthritis( characterized by chest pain, cough, shortness of breath and fever)
- rheumatic skin lesions( subcutaneous rheumatic nodules or annular erythema);
- if nervous tissue is involved in the inflammatory process, uncontrollable muscle contractions appear in the patient( grimaces, sharp movements, speech becomes indistinct, the handwriting is broken).
The diagnosis can only be made by a rheumatologist.
For this purpose, a complex examination of the body is appointed:
- , a general clinical blood test is necessary to detect signs of inflammation in the body;
- immunological analysis of blood is done in order to find in it characteristic for rheumatism substances( they appear in the blood a week after the onset of the disease and are maximally concentrated at 3-6 weeks);
- heart echocardiography and electrocardiography is used to assess the condition of the heart, determine or exclude its lesions;
- for the evaluation of the joint condition is done by X-ray of the joints, biopsy, arthroscopy and a puncture for the examination of the joint fluid.
If there are lesions of other organs, then other specialists may need to consult.It hurt to move your fingers in the morning? Find out why the joints of the fingers are aching, from our article.
What causes pain in the elbow? Read here.
Than to treat an arthrosis of a humeral joint? All the necessary information in this material.
How to treat?↑
Rheumatism occurs as a chronic disease with periodic remissions and exacerbations.
During periods of exacerbation, patients are advised to limit the number of movements to reduce the burden on the joints. To do this, they are shown bed rest.
In case of mild illness it is sufficient to observe a semi-fast mode for 10 days.
An easy form of the disease can be treated at home.
In severe conditions, or rheumatism of moderate severity, strict bed rest is required from 2 weeks to 1 month.
According to indications in the dynamics, with the normalization of the general condition and the indicators of laboratory studies, you can gradually increase the activity of movements.
It is impossible to completely cure rheumatism, but can not be treated at all.
Ideally, if the complex applies all possible measures to combat this disease: medicamental, physiotherapy treatment, diet, etc.
The success of treatment will largely depend on the correct choice of medication.
For the treatment of rheumatism joints are several types of drugs with different effects:
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Necessary to eliminate pain symptoms and suppress the inflammatory process in connective tissue.
- Antibiotics. The main task in the treatment of rheumatism is the suppression of streptococcal infection, which is a provoker of the disease and subsequent complications. To do this, antibacterial agents of the penicillin group and their analogs or broad-spectrum antibiotics( erythromycin, ampicillin, etc.) are used. Such therapy lasts up to 15 days. In the future, for the prevention of recurrence and complications on the heart for 5 years 1 time in 20 days, the patient is injected with this drug.
- Immunosuppressants. Immunosuppressants weaken the body's response to infection, slightly suppressing the immune response.
- Corticosteroid hormones. Assigned if antibiotics and NSAIDs were ineffective in controlling rheumatism. They combine with other drugs to eliminate all unpleasant symptoms for several days.
All drugs used for treatment are effective, but have certain contraindications.
Therefore, to minimize their harmful effects from prolonged use and increase the effectiveness of therapy, a complex treatment is prescribed. It is carried out under the strict supervision of a doctor.
Treatment of joint rheumatism with folk remedies is possible.
And for many years folk medicine has accumulated many recipes for fighting this disease. But it is better to carry out treatment in combination with medication.
It is advisable to consult with your doctor about the appropriateness and correctness of this treatment.
- Two tablespoons of fresh dandelion flower flowers are crushed and add 2 tablespoons of sugar. Leave in a cool place for 7-10 days, then squeeze the juice and take it 3 times a day for 20 drops.
- In 200 ml of vodka, insist for 1 week 30 grams of the leaves of the yellow acacia. Take 20 drops of tincture in the morning, lunch and evening.
- Elm bark( 20 grams) pour a glass of boiling water and do not remove from heat for 10 minutes. Then leave for 3 hours. Prepared tincture can be taken on 1 spoon 4 times a day.
- Roots of wild rose and chopped vodka. Within 2 weeks, insist in a dark place. Take 1 spoonful three times a day.
- The fruits of sea buckthorn, red mountain ash or physalis also have an anti-rheumatic effect. From them prepare broths and tinctures.
- Pharmacy tincture of barberry is taken 30 drops 3 times a day.
- Squeeze the juice of nettle, take the same amount of honey and concentrated alcohol. All this is mixed and left in the refrigerator for 15 days. Take 1 spoonful 3 times a day shortly before meals. The course of admission is six months.when developing arthritis is recommended to use until the movements in the joints are not easy and free.
- Take 40 grams of chopped garlic, pour 100 ml of vodka, and insist in a dark place for 10 days, periodically shaking. Take 10-15 drops 3 times a day.
Teas and decoctions:
- Green tea is very useful for rheumatism. It should be drunk at least 3 times a day.
- Black tea with raspberry berries( 30 grams of berries per glass of tea) also helps fight the symptoms of inflammation.
- Herbal teas from thick bean, bearberry, cocklebur, shepherd's bag, yarrow, tartar, violets, daisies or alfalfa are considered useful.
- A mixture of carrot and celery juices in a ratio of 7: 3 to drink every day.
- Broth from the roots of burdock and elecampane should be taken within 2 months 2 spoons 3 times a day.
More popular medicine recommends patients with rheumatism joints to take a bath with a decoction of flowers of chamomile, clover, thyme, roots of wild rose or ayr.
In the treatment of rheumatism, nutrition should also be given attention: the main thing is that the body receives all the necessary substances.
Doctors recommend adhering to diet number 15, increasing the protein component of the diet and reducing the intake of carbohydrates and salt. Do not forget about fruits and vegetables, drink warm drinks: tea with raspberries, decoction of linden.
It is recommended to exclude from food:
Rheumatism - symptoms, signs and treatment of the disease
Rheumatism is an inflammatory disease that affects connective tissues and joints, with localization in the cardiovascular system.
The main conditions for the onset of this disease are streptococcal infections and genetic predisposition.
Rheumatism in children has become more common recently. Symptoms of it are similar to those of an adult and depend on the form and the lesion that the disease bears.
In classification, modern medicine primarily distinguishes two phases of rheumatism: active( minimal, medium or maximum) and inactive.
Distinguish the disease and the localization of lesions during the active phase:
- So, rheumatic polyarthritis manifests itself 10-14 days after human infection with streptococcal infection. The patient again has a fever of the body, large joints( knee, ankle and elbow) become inflamed and very sore. Later, smaller joints become inflamed. Inflammation is temporary, after 10-12 days it disappears, but this does not mean that the person has recovered.
- Acute articular rheumatism can sometimes go into a chronic form.
- In case of a lesion of the heart, which can develop both in parallel with the polyarthritis, and without it, rheumatic heart disease occurs. Symptoms: weakness, shortness of breath, pain in the heart, palpitations.
- Small chorea - a lesion of the nervous system in rheumatism. Symptoms: increased excitability, twitching of limbs, grimaces.
- Muscular rheumatism arises in the defeat of muscle disease( pectoral muscles, lumbar or cervical, constant and volatile rheumatism).
The first symptoms of rheumatism in adults and in children usually appear 2 or 3 weeks after a streptococcal infection. The doctor should diagnose the disease, he must also prescribe an adequate treatment.
Disease Joint pain is one of the earliest signs of rheumatoid arthritis. Signs of defeat rheumatism of the heart are less common, indicate a pronounced violations in this body. Rarely, the rheumatic nodules and annular rash may be even less common.
In severe cases, abdominal pain, kidney, lung, liver and other organs can occur. More often signs of rheumatism are asthenic manifestations: weakness, fatigue, lethargy, etc. They are especially characteristic for the onset of the disease.
Children, with their immature immune system, are more prone to complications in the form of rheumatism after streptococcal infections. Therefore, it is important to carefully consider the treatment of angina, pharyngitis or scarlet fever, in order to prevent the development of rheumatism.
Reasons for the appearance of rheumatism
As mentioned above, the main causes of rheumatism:
- Streptococcal infections( beta-hemolytic streptococcal bacteria A group start the disease).
- Genetic predisposition.
Both these factors play an important role in the development of the disease. The occurrence of rheumatism is associated with the presence of certain defects in the immune system. In the risk zone are also:
- children aged 7 to 15 years;
- people with frequent nasopharyngeal infections and recently had an acute streptococcal infection;
- presence in the blood of the protein B-cell marker D8 / 17.
Immunity in people susceptible to rheumatism improperly identifies a bacterium streptococcus and attacks its own cells.
In no case should rheumatism be started, treatment should be prescribed correctly and on time. Timely detection and treatment of this disease will prevent the emergence of complex changes in immunogenesis and in connective tissues( heart disease, kidney, lung, liver).
At the first symptoms of acute rheumatism, it is necessary to comply with bed rest, and in some cases, hospitalization. Usually, drugs for the treatment of rheumatism use these:
- Anti-inflammatory and pain medications: aspirin, diclofenac, indomethacin;
- Antibiotics( eg, penicillin or ampicillin);
- Glucocorticoids( prednisolone, dexamethasone);
- Stimulating the immune response of the body preparations.
If the heart is affected, medications that stimulate the heart muscle are also used in treatment. Assign a special diet, in which there should be enough vitamins( especially vitamin C) and minerals.
Physiotherapeutic procedures are also shown: medicinal electrophoresis, heating by UHF lamps, infrared radiation.
Affected joints are treated with ointments, compresses, poultices, etc. Rheumatoid arthritis with early treatment will avoid joint and other tissue damage. If the disease is not cured on time, then the probability of developing disability is high.
Folk remedies for rheumatism
To ease the condition of the patient can be treated with folk remedies.
- For example, ointment is good for joint pain. He falls asleep in a bag of cloth, immersed in water and brought to a boil. Then squeeze and apply still hot to the affected joints. For compresses also use fresh steamed leaves of aspen or fresh potatoes.
- Baths with broth from buds of a pine or leaves of a black currant are useful.
- The folk treatment of rheumatism consists in the intake of various herbs or fruit juices inside. Make tea from the leaves of black currant, raspberry fruit, lemon or sea-buckthorn. Drink also cranberry juice mixed with honey( buckwheat or lime).
- It is useful to eat watermelons, berries cranberries, cranberries, blueberries.
- Good help with rheumatism infusion of birch buds. For its preparation take 2-3 tbsp.spoons of kidneys, pour vodka and insist for 2-3 days. Tincture in the evening rubbed into the joints and wrapped them in a warm cloth. The same tincture can be made with a lemon.
Complications of sore throat: complications after sore throat in adults and children, complications on the kidneys, heart and joints after sore throat
The inability to swallow and the difficulty in conversational processes is what, first of all, should alert, tk.this symptom is not only a consequence of the manifestation of the angina itself, but it may also be a sign of its complication - of the retrofaringue abscess .
In the case of a retrofaringe abscess, the infection, due to the weakening of the organism, disturbance of the regime or for some other reason, goes beyond the tonsils and oral cavity and passes into the so-called zygopharyngeal space. This space, in view of the anatomical structure, is very important - the important blood vessels pass by, and from below the mediastinum, hence, the pus that accumulates there is very, very dangerous.
Important to know
How to recognize a retrofaringual abscess? The main symptom that can be seen with the naked eye is a swelling, more often a one-sided, pharyngeal wall. Of course, there are other symptoms - in the patient, as in normal angina, the appetite decreases and the temperature rises significantly, there is a strong weakness due to intoxication of the body.
If during examination the doctor sees signs of an abscess, the patient is shown urgent surgical treatment.
During the operation, the abscess cavity is drained and the local treatment is performed. Mandatory treatment for the patient who has undergone the abscess, antibiotics of a wide range are prescribed.
There are many concerns about another complication of purulent sore throat - this phlegmon .
Like abscess, phlegmon is a purulent process. However, unlike the latter, its borders are not separated from the surrounding tissues and can get involved in the inflammatory process rather quickly, becoming impregnated with pus.
Phlegmon can develop quite quickly. The process involves all the tissues - tendons, muscles, subcutaneous fat. The phlegmon is treated with antibiotics, but when the process is far gone, an autopsy may be necessary.
It seemed that two complications are enough for this disease, and it's not for nothing that many people consider it extremely dangerous. But there are also others - it's otitis , it can occur both one-sided and two-sided.
Otitis treatment is conservative and is conducted in parallel with the treatment of the cause of its occurrence.
Rarely, but still there is such a thing as bleeding from the tonsils .At the same time, the blood begins to ooze from the surface of the tonsils, sometimes quite intensively. The patient in this case is recommended to be immediately taken to the hospital, since significant bleeding may be revealed.
Important to know
There is another reason for this complication. Some patients try to clean the contents of lacunae themselves using various items. This can not be done categorically! The surface of the tonsils is very tender and immediately begins to heal. In addition, this procedure is inexpedient in the acute period of the disease - plaque, which are visible to the eye physically almost impossible to completely separate from the tonsils. And in place of deleted pieces in a short time there are new ones.
The most formidable of the local complications of sore throat is naturally laryngeal edema of .The patient begins to suffocate, the skin becomes cyanotic. If you do not provide an ambulance on time, the case may end up being lethal.
For angina is not necessarily the development of complications. In most cases, with the correct and timely relief of the disease can quickly go on to recover. The correctness of the treatment is the thorough medication of the drugs and the avoidance of complications.
Complications after sore throat in adults and children of a systemic nature
In modern and time-limited conditions, people try to cure themselves of any disease by taking huge doses of various drugs, forgetting about bed rest, carrying the disease on their feet. This is perhaps the main reason for the development of more severe and complex in the treatment of systemic complications after angina in adults.
The systemic complications include:
When the blood becomes infected, the picture develops rapidly. The patient can significantly increase the temperature of the thalassa, there may be a fever with a change in temperature( from very high to normal), breathing becomes more frequent, and the pressure is destabilized.
In view of the fact that the infection enters the bloodstream and spreads through the body, abscesses begin to form in various parts of the body. Man literally begins to rot on all sides.
Sepsis requires massive doses of antibiotics and a very long treatment, mainly in conditions of resuscitation.
- Rheumatism is a complication affecting the joints and heart. Pericarditis may occur - damage to the pericardium bag.
- Complications of the kidneys - due to the colossal amount of antibodies, plying in the blood of patients with human angina.
- Appendicitis .Yes, strange as it sounds, but very often the inflammation of the appendix develops after the angina. The reasons for this are not fully understood. Perhaps a secret in the lymphoid tissue, which is abundantly contained in the appendage and participates in the process.
- The most formidable systemic complication of angina is infection of the blood or sepsis .People suffer a sore throat on their feet more than once and do not even think that one day it may result in sepsis.
From the above described it follows that the importance of bed rest is not recommendatory, but rather mandatory in the appointments of the attending physician in order to avoid the development of complications after sore throats in adults.
Of course, not everyone will develop sepsis. We need additional conditions - weakened organism, concomitant pathology and others.
But, nevertheless, treatment for a disease such as angina, should not be neglected.
To completely defeat the disease, of course, you can only use antibiotics.
Complications after angina in children are often manifested in a dangerous retrofaringeal abscess. Since by the age of six, the lymph nodes in these areas have completely disappeared, a similar problem is not very characteristic of an adult organism.
A similar complication, in order to avoid disruption of the function of breathing, is subject to surgical intervention. Also, children are susceptible to general or systemic complications of angina. Now rheumatism is not uncommon in a child.
It is important to know
Treatment of angina should be timely and comprehensive - this will help to avoid complications.
Treatment of a complicated sore throat is not as simple as it seems at first glance. Along with local treatment, the use of broad-spectrum antibiotics is necessary. In order not to be mistaken with the choice of antibiotic, the doctor can perform additional research.
If complications after sore throat in adults or children have moved to the systemic stage, other specialists - cardiologists, rheumatologists, nephrologists, are connected to the ENT doctor. Treatment is appointed based on the extent of lesions. Now great importance is attached to the removal of the beta-hemolytic streptococcus from the body, which many consider to be the source of complications.
Complications of the kidneys, heart and joints after angina
Complication of the heart after angina
The cause of complications in the heart after angina is rheumatism. Various defects of rheumatic etiology and rheumatic peritonitis are the main complications that threaten a patient after suffering angina.
This complication, affecting the main organ of our body, is extremely dangerous. The fact is that during self-treatment the body produces antibodies that can suppress the proteins of connective tissue, which leads to such a disease.
Poor organization of connective tissue leads to the formation of rheumatic nodes that can heal over time. In the future, we can observe the disruption of the operation of the heart valves - the valves affected by rheumatism can no longer close tightly and do not perform their basic function. Thus, heart disease or rheumatic heart disease is formed.
There is a certain sense in the operation of each heart valve. The task is to keep a certain volume of blood in one of the cavities of the heart at the moment when the heart is contracting. The valve, affected as a result of rheumatism and having a defect, can not withstand the pressure of blood and there is a "reverse flow of blood" - regurgitation.
In addition to the above complications on the heart after angina there is a probability of myocarditis, i.e.inflammatory process, affecting the heart muscle. Increased heart rate, frequent pain in the heart, swelling of the legs and shortness of breath are one of the few symptoms of this disease.
All these diseases are the result of poor treatment of angina and can manifest within half a month after regression of all of its symptoms. It is necessary and important to approach very carefully the treatment of angina. Do not self-medicate, you should consult a specialist and follow his instructions.
Complications of joints after sore throat
With poorly cured angina, beta-hemolytic streptococci penetrate into different systems of the body of a sick person. Angina gives complications to the joints. There is a disease called rheumatism. Rheumatism of the joints is characterized by acute pain. The joint can swell, a swelling is formed, the local temperature rises.
Doctors widely know the occurrence of the so-called undulating joint damage, expressed in a short-term inflammation of one, then another joint, etc. However, this disease is well treatable with drugs and physiotherapy.
Complications of the kidneys after sore throat
Complications of the kidneys after angina, caused by unfair compliance with the requirements of the doctor and lack of treatment, there are two types - pyelonephritis and glomerulonephritis.
These diseases quite easily can go to the chronic stage, which once again proves the extreme danger of normal angina. The kidneys are purulent melt in the case of pyelonephritis. With glomerulonephritis, the disease ends with kidney failure.
Pain in the lumbar region, chills and fever are obvious symptoms of these insidious diseases.
As a treatment, a patient may need hemodialysis. Later he is a candidate for kidney transplantation.
Complications after sore throats: what happen, how to avoid?
After the transferred sore throat a number of serious complications can develop. Especially dangerous complications on the heart: rheumatism, myocarditis. Complications after sore throat can result from improper or illiterate treatment and self-medication, when antibodies produced by the body against pathogenic bacteria( streptococci) begin to affect the connective tissue of various organs and joints( more about this later) therefore, if symptoms and symptoms of sore throat appear,compulsorily order a doctor for the appointment of the right treatment.
Also, you should always take the whole course of antibiotics( 5-10 days) - only in this case you will kill the whole pathogenic microflora, prevent the flow of the disease into a slow form, as well as the development of complications. What organs can be complications after a sore throat?
Among the complications of this disease can be identified local and general. Local complications( paratonzillitis, phlegmon, laryngeal edema) are not so dangerous, but also require certain treatment( in some cases, surgical).The most common common complications are lesions of the heart, kidneys, joints.
Usually serious complications begin to appear after 2 to 3 weeks after the angina, and local complications can occur during the disease itself.
Complications of the heart after angina
The most common complications after angina are various heart muscle lesions, the most common of these is rheumatism of the heart. This complication is caused by the fact that antibodies that are produced by the body to fight infection continue to act after the disease, adversely affecting the proteins of the connective tissue of the body( streptococci have antigens like connective tissue antigens, heart muscle, and the bodynot in a position to distinguish them), at the same time a process called rheumatism develops.
Complications of the heart develop exactly when the rheumatic process begins to seize the heart valves, leading to the rapid development of various heart defects. Rheumatism is usually a consequence of chronic tonsillitis with frequent complications, but in exceptional cases it can develop and with a single disease angina.
There is also often a complication in the heart after a sore throat, like an inflammation of the heart muscle( or myocarditis).Symptoms such as pain in the heart, shortness of breath, and arrhythmia may occur.
These complications usually do not appear immediately, but after 1 to 4 weeks after recovery, and arise in most cases when a person has transferred the disease "on his legs". Therefore, an extremely important moment in the treatment of sore throats is compliance with bed rest.
Complications of the kidneys
After angina, unpleasant complications can occur on the organs of the genitourinary system. The most common complications are the kidneys after the angina: glamulonephritis( inflammation of the kidney glomeruli) and pyelonephritis( inflammation of the kidneys of a bacterial nature).In this case, characteristic symptoms can arise: kidney pain, high fever, chills. These inflammatory processes in the kidneys can further lead to serious chronic diseases. Perhaps the development of the most dangerous complication of the kidneys - kidney failure. Complications to the kidneys usually occur after 1 to 4 weeks after the angina.
To prevent and prevent these complications, the following folk medicine prescription can be used. It is necessary to take infusion of bearberry for 1 to 2 weeks after treatment of sore throat. For cooking, pour a tablespoon of bearberry 200 ml of steep boiling water, and let us brew. Take such a decoction 3 to 4 times a day after meals. Bearberry can also help if complications on the kidneys after the sore throat are already beginning to manifest.
Complications of the joints
When talking about the complications of joints after angina, it is impossible not to mention the same rheumatism. With the development of rheumatism of the joints, the body temperature rises, there is a headache, a chill, and overall health is unimportant. There are pains in the joints, which are wandering in nature, moving from one joint to another. Joints, as a rule, swell, the skin in the area of the affected joint becomes red and hot to the touch, movements are hampered by acute soreness.
This condition usually lasts for several weeks, then the swelling subsides, the pains go away, and the movements are restored. The shape of the joints after rheumatism remains the same, in exceptional cases, pain can remain, which will intensify when weather changes.
For the treatment and alleviation of the condition should take the appropriate drugs, as well as undergo a course of physiotherapy, which if necessary appoint a doctor.
In cases of complications of joints after angina, the joints of the legs are at risk because they have a heavy workload in everyday life, and this is also an additional rationale for strict adherence to bed rest in the treatment of sore throats.
Complications of the local organs
The most common local complication after angina is acute paratonsillitis( or phlegmonous tonsillitis) - tissue damage around the tonsils with the formation of an abscess. This complication usually begins in the first days after a sore throat, and arises against a background of hypothermia, non-observance of bed rest, as well as with an unauthorized interruption in the course of taking antibiotics, when after several days of treatment virtually all manifestations of angina disappear and the person feels completely healthy.
When acute paratonsillitis occurs, high fever, tonsils swell, there are sore throats, which can "give" in the ear. In cases where the patient does not recover for a week, resort to surgical methods to remove purulent contents.
Also complications can be and on nearby bodies, for example on ears. In this case, one should mention a disease such as otitis - an accumulation of purulent contents in the middle ear, accompanied by symptoms such as earaches, fever, deterioration of well-being. When these symptoms occur, appropriate treatment is prescribed.
Laryngeal edema develops as a result of stagnation of lymph, due to a violation of its outflow from the lymph nodes. Edema is usually located at the entrance to the larynx, and can cause breathing problems with further buildup. Edema of the larynx is a very serious complication of angina, because when an attack of asphyxia a person can simply suffocate.
Hypertrophic abscess with angina
In children of early age( up to 5 years), development of such complication after angina, as a pharyngeal( retropharyngeal) abscess, is possible. With this complication, suppuration of the lymph nodes of the posterior pharyngeal wall occurs.
These lymph nodes are found only in small children, and spontaneously disappear in 5 to 6 years.
Hyperal abscess is dangerous because can lead to difficulty breathing, narrowing of the larynx, and also cause an attack of suffocation. Therefore, almost always in such cases purulent abscess is opened surgically.
An untreated tonsillitis can go to the chronic stage( chronic tonsillitis), in which the palatine tonsils become a "permanent residence" of pathogenic microflora, resulting in a slow poisoning of the whole organism, and the development of various complications. Treatment of chronic tonsillitis in mild form is performed by rinsing( furacilin, chamomile, calendula), and also resorting to washing the tonsils with various solutions of antiseptic drugs. In chronic tonsillitis, physiotherapeutic methods of treatment are also used, and in case of its transition into a decompensated form and at the risk of complications, an operation for the removal of tonsils( tonsillectomies) is prescribed.
Video about symptoms, treatment of angina, including complications:
How to avoid complications after sore throat?
To avoid various unpleasant, and often dangerous complications after treatment of sore throat, it is necessary to treat it correctly, namely:
- to comply with bed rest when treating sore throat;
- drink antibiotics only in full course, which usually ranges from 5 to 10 days( depending on the antibiotic), and do not stop treatment with an imaginary improvement in the condition on day 2-3;
- to comply with all the recommendations for treatment that your doctor will give you;
- rinse the throat to wash out purulent deposits and pathogens from the tonsils;
- comply with the drinking regime to remove toxins from the body, drink enough liquid;
- after the transited sore throat should not give the body more physical exertion, do not overcool;
- strengthen immunity: to temper( but not immediately and gradually!), Lead a healthy lifestyle, give the body moderate physical activity. It is also possible to drink mollifying agents: Immunal, Imudon, teas and decoctions: echinacea purpurea, tea with rose hips( which is useful for the heart), etc.
So we dismantled the most dangerous and often occurring complications after sore throat, try not to bringdisease to such stages, when there is a risk of their development, properly treated, and everything will be fine! Do not be ill!VkontakteTwitterGoogle +
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