Pain under the knee at the back
Most often, patients complain of pain in the knee, but not uncommon and complaints of pain under the knee from behind. Such pains cause considerable discomfort and can seriously limit mobility.
Causes of pain under the knee at the back
It is difficult to determine the cause of popliteal pains, because they can be caused by damage to ligaments, tendons, nerve endings, lymph nodes or cartilage of the knee.
Consider the most common causes that can cause pain under the knee from the back.
Such a diagnosis can be made if the patient has severe pain under the knee at the back, accompanied by swelling and palpable palpation of the tumor-like seal under the knee. The joint of the person from the inside is covered with a special synovial membrane, which produces a synovial fluid - a natural lubricant of the joint. In the case of a protracted inflammatory process, fluid production increases, it accumulates in the inter-sucking bag, resulting in a seal called Becker's cyst. At first the patient feels only slight discomfort, which, with the development of the disease, turns into a constant aching pain under the knee from behind.
Unlike the Baker cyst, the meniscus cyst can not be detected by palpation, but requires special examinations. Pain syndrome is particularly pronounced when walking or bending the leg.
It is usually diagnosed when the occurrence of pain under the knee from the rear was associated with sudden movement or trauma, but in some cases may be the result of arthrosis. It often requires surgical treatment.
Drawing pains under the knee from behind are often the result of inflammatory bursitis and tendonitis. The onset of symptoms is usually preceded by prolonged physical activity.
Injury of ligaments
A fairly common phenomenon in sports. The most common is stretching, but more serious injuries are possible. Sprains, usually accompanied by acute pain under the knee from behind with any movement, as well as when pressing on the damaged area.
It occurs as a result of infection through the wound, inflammation and enlargement in the size of the popliteal lymph nodes.
Inflammation of the tibial nerve
A major nerve that passes through the bottom of the popliteal fossa and can become inflamed for a variety of reasons. In this case, sharp and intense pains under the knee from behind occur when walking, bending the leg, any other load, spreading along the leg up to the foot.
Quite a rare disease, in which there is a constant pulling and throbbing pain. Under the knee, a small pulsating seal can be probed.
Diseases of the spine
Pain caused by jamming or inflammation of the nerves of the lumbosacral spine and giving to the legs.
Treatment of pain under the knee at the back
Because the causes of the pain may be different, the treatment is also very different:
- Regardless of the reason, it is recommended to reduce the motor load and provide the patient with a gentle sparing regimen.
- In most cases, especially with inflammation and trauma, special orthopedic pads or fixative bandages are used.
- When stretching, external anti-inflammatory ointments and creams are used.
- In the case of Becker's cyst, as well as inflammatory diseases, injections of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and glucocorticosteroids are usually used.
- Surgical intervention if necessary. So, surgery is often necessary for injuries and tears of meniscus. Surgical opening of the popliteal abscess and treatment of nerve inflammation. The surgical intervention with an aneurysm is also mandatory. Why does my knee ache during walking?
Often, with age, you can hear repeated complaints from patients that the knee is hurting when walking. Why? Sometimes the pain does not arise due to trauma, but after prolonged physical exertion. The reason - in the wear of the cartilaginous surface. But the danger of pain in the knee is that this disease can be a symptom of various joint disorders and requires serious examination and comprehensive treatment.
Causes of knee pain while walkingA person's gait, its features, can create many problems for him. Pain when walking in the knee( on the inside and under the knee), the hip and ankle arises from the violation of posture, scoliosis. The balance is lost in the foot, knee joint and throughout the entire body height. The skeleton becomes like a building on a curved base. If the arch is omitted in the ankle when walking, there will be pain in the shoulder.
It can be concluded that walking is a complex process of working the muscles and nervous system. If the right foot steps forward, then the muscles of the left arm tighten, pulling it forward, and the right arm, pulling back. The muscles of the anterior surface of the left and back surfaces of the right hands are relaxed. This is a classic condition of the muscles when walking.
If muscle relaxation does not occur, then a balance disorder, spasms, shortening of the muscles and unbearable back pain when walking, behind the knee, in the ankle joint, also hip the hip joint.
In addition to gait, there are a number of other causes of knee pain:
- injury and damage( swelling, bruising, obstructing movement);
- infectious and inflammatory diseases of the skin and subcutaneous tissue, bone;
- overgrowth of the membrane that produces synovial fluid;
- pinched nerves and joint instability.
Knee pain during walking is the cause of various joint changes: injuries, falls, ligament ruptures, imbalance of cartilage tissue.
In adolescents 12-15 years, with frequent overloads and knee injuries, there is a disease of Osgut-Schlätter. There is destruction of the bone nucleus and osteochondropathy of the tibia and, as a consequence, a violation of blood circulation in the knee joint.
Bones, meniscuses and knee ligaments
Those who engage in sports such as basketball, football, athletics, hockey, are most often affected by this disease. But it passes as the child grows. To completely get rid of the pain in the knee joint, it is necessary to exclude the overload of the limbs.
Inflammation of the synovial bag( bursa) in the knee joint is the cause of the disease called bursitis. It happens suprapatellar( inflamed synovial bag, and pain occurs at the back of the knee), prepatellar( inflammation of the knee bag).In people who are overweight, Baker's cysts are formed. They arise on the inner lower part of the knee. There are edemas, motor activity decreases. At the beginning of the disease will help light warm-up exercises, but if the pain increases, you need to resort to complex therapy.
If you have severe pain behind the knee while walking, while lifting or descending the stairs, swelling and swelling of the front of the knee, then this is tendonitis, an inflammation of the tendons. This disease has another name - "knee jumper."
Athletes who are subjected to great physical stress of the knee( jogging leg), receive microscopic tears of tendons, which accumulate without the necessary rest and lead to tendinitis.
Osteochondrosis and knee diseases
Many patients asked themselves the question: why do knee pains affect osteochondrosis? Specialists conducted studies and concluded that changes in the degenerative-dystrophic character in the periarticular tissues of the knee joint with lumbar osteochondrosis take place. Hence the name of the disease - periarthrosis.
Back pain with osteochondrosis is not easy. Neurological observations showed that in the region of the lumbar spine in this disease, the roots of the spinal nerves are pinched, the inflammation advances to the femoral and subcutaneous nerve of the leg, one of the branches innervating the knee joint. There are changes in the muscles and ligaments that support the joint. With back pain, osteochondrosis complicated by hyperlordosis or flattened lordosis, a negative impact on the periarticular tissues can have a long standing in one place or a very long walk. It is difficult even for patients to balance sometimes.
Lumbosacral osteochondrosis can also cause pain in the ankle joint. There is an infringement of the sciatic nerve. Destructive diseases of cartilage, bone and tendon tissue cause lamp pain in the waist and ankle. If such symptoms occur, you should consult a doctor, applying a tight bandage. Pain in the ankle can be removed only after a correctly diagnosed diagnosis.
To eliminate the disease of the knee joint, pain in the ankle joint, it is necessary to take medications recommended for osteochondrosis, back pain, and to exert a lot of effort to combat this ailment of the spine. Only with proper therapy will the pain in the knee go away.
Treatment of diseases of knee joints
Only complex therapy can cure the most common diseases mentioned above. One method can not defeat the disease.
The main thing in the treatment of diseases of the knees is the removal of the pain symptom. With edema and inflammation, non-steroid drugs are prescribed. These include paracetamol, diclofenac, indomethacin, aceclofenac. Should be taken only after individual selection. These drugs can only anesthetize the course of the disease, but not cure it completely. Therefore, they should not get carried away.
When inflammation of the synovial bag, which is accompanied by the accumulation of unnecessary fluid, appoint corticosteroid hormones. With their help, a blockade of the diseased knee is carried out by injection.
A great help to patients who do not have pain in the knee will be various ointments used in osteochondrosis: Nyvisal, Viprosal, Bom-Benge, Efkamon, Ben-Gay, Finalgon, Naise, Ketonal. Charity for pain in the knee have gels and compresses.
Chondroprotectors are very popular for the restoration of cartilaginous tissue. But their effect does not immediately produce results. Therefore, you need to be patient for a few months. The application will slow down the negative processes and improve the condition of cartilage and eliminate pain in the knee.
Very effective, along with drug treatment, and methods of magnetotherapy, X-ray therapy, laser therapy.To reduce weight and reduce the burden on your knees, magnetotherapy will help. It activates in the body processes that help remove slags and increase the permeability of cell membranes. With the help of this technique, the action of drugs is accelerated. The action of the magnet extends not only to the joint itself, but also to the projection zones. They are the posterior upper part of the tibia, the lumbar vertebrae( as in osteochondrosis).Treatment sessions should not exceed 15-20 minutes. The course will take 15-20 procedures. Individual counseling is mandatory. Although magnetotherapy can be used in the home, nevertheless do not neglect the services of ambulance stations.
The path to recovery necessarily lies through prevention, the methods of which are sanatorium treatment. Only after removing acute symptoms can apply mud therapy, physiotherapy, therapeutic baths, exercise therapy sessions.
Moderate exercise will free joints from stress and relieve debilitating pain.
Therapeutic nourishment for joint pains
Important in the treatment of joint diseases, are therapeutic diets. It is from malnutrition, accompanied by a sedentary way of life, there is pain in the lower back, knee, joints, and, in particular, in the hip. Disease in the hip joint has the name - deforming coxarthrosis, and its treatment, in the first place, requires getting rid of excess kilograms. The diet will provide cartilage tissue with all the necessary trace elements, which, in turn, will reduce pain. After all, the food in the hip joint comes from the fluid produced in it. This fluid is the main element that influences depreciation. If you saturate the fluid with the right nutrients, the cartilage in the hip joint will begin to regenerate itself.The diet of a patient experiencing hip joint pain while walking should include vitamins A, B, E, and C. They can be obtained from cereals and vegetables, and fluorine and phosphorus from fish. Flour products are excluded when the pain in the hip joint, except for rye, bran and grain bread, is aggravated. Every day the patient, who has pain in the hip joint, you need to take pearl barley, buckwheat, oatmeal. They can be filled with dried fruits, cheese and spices. With pain in the hip joint, nutrition treatment also implies a complete or partial refusal of salt. Dairy products will suit in the form of cottage cheese, kefir, except milk. With a diet that eliminates pain in the hip joint, the consumption of fish and liver is mandatory. Limit and consumption of sugar and sweet dishes. It is better to replace them with honey.
If there is a pain in the hip for a long time, some exercises, in which the biofield of the person who will conduct the session, will help. Exercises are designed to activate blood circulation in the area of the affected joint or cartilage, to restore the elasticity of the joint bag, to eliminate pain in the hip joint.
We begin the procedure with a tap on the upper posterior margin of the ileum( this is in the lower border of the waist).Here is the nerve, affected by the disease. The left hand is pressed firmly against the nerve, and the right one is to perform tapping. In this case, the blood from the capillaries splashes out, and the energy of the blows reaches the depth of the structure. The following procedure is performed at the head of the hip joint. Similarly, strikes are applied. They are stronger than the above, but painless. Both procedures end with vigorous slaps. Then you need to put the right hand on the thigh in front, above the groin. The blows are no longer applied by the fingers, but by the edge of the palm. A tapping is also performed on the back of the thigh, below the gluteal fold.
After the performed procedures, pain can occur in the hip joint, but this requires treatment. Do not be afraid and spend them once a week, depending on the severity of the disease.
Folk Therapy for Knee Diseases
One of the most commonly used and commonly used joint diseases is traditional medicine. They do not require special knowledge and skills, but they can facilitate the course of the disease for a long time.
The most common means are compresses. They can be prepared from herbs, honey, beeswax, yellow or blue clay.
Pain in the hip joint can be removed by applying a solution of blue clay to the surface. Even the ancient people covered themselves with this mixture and after a while felt relief. If the ankle hurts, a clay compress will have a positive effect.A special healing effect on the joints are the flowers of chestnut, infused with vodka. To them you can add the color of lilac and dandelion. Two weeks of infusion should be in a dark place. Then it should be applied to a gauze napkin, attached to a sore spot, wrapped in a film and a warm kerchief. Repeat every day for a month - and the pain will pass.
From infusions you can do not only compresses, they should be taken inwards.
Infusion from laurel leaves will have a positive effect on metabolic processes and pain relief.50 g of bay leaves should be poured into 250 ml of cold water, bring to a boil, cool and take 50 g for four days between meals.
A good effect will give the infusion from the bark of willow, dry nettle and the root of parsley. A tablespoon of the mixture should be covered in a thermos bottle and filled with water( 200 ml).Drink 100 ml twice daily after meals.
At home, using medicinal herbs, you can prepare and ointments. They will relieve pain in the knee and inflammation. The most popular are ointments based on honey. It is necessary to take 100 g, preferably honey of May, add 1 tsp to it.mustard powder, salt and soda. In the evening rub the ointment of the affected joint. It is enough 5-6 procedures - and the pain will go away.
You can mix honey( 150 g) with mummies( 5 g).Pain in the knee will pass if the ointment is rubbed before going to bed every day.
Ointments from celandine, St. John's wort, yarrow, nettle are ground and mixed with medical vaseline( 1 tbsp.).Treatment should continue until pain is completely eliminated.
When you experience debilitating joint pain every day, all means are good. Applying them in a complex way, after consulting a doctor, you can achieve the desired result. Try to change your lifestyle, turn off the products that destroy cartilage and joints from the diet, take exercise therapy, limit the burden on your knees, regret your body, and then he will repay you with good health.
Pain under the knee from behind: causes and methods of treatment
In the human musculoskeletal system, there are many constituent elements with different functional load. Knee joints - one of the most important zones, because it is on her work that the ability to move easily and freely. Drawing pain under the knee from behind is encountered among patients very often, because this area is very vulnerable both from the point of view of mechanical influence and from the appearance of various diseases. The nature of these sensations is somewhat different from the usual pain in the knee - often they are pulling type and quite strong.
Back pain arises from injuries of soft tissues or bones of the joint
Any mechanical damage( even if it involves the slightest abrasions and bruises) can subsequently lead to serious consequences, and bruises, dislocations and fractures even more so.
It is very important to carefully treat the condition of your knees, because the pain at the back of the knees when bending can not only hamper the walking process, but also generally adversely affect the quality of life.
Anatomy of the knee
In order to identify the problem areas and understand the mechanism of action of a disease, it is necessary to consider the anatomy of the knee joint. If the patient is worried about the pain just behind the knee, and when flexing, then you need to pay attention to the state popliteal fossa - the area immediately behind the joint itself.
Why is damage to this area very dangerous? This explains the location in the popliteal fossa of various body systems:
- the bottom of the fossa is the posterior surface of the capsule of the knee joint;
- in the popliteal fossa are located lymph nodes;
- in the center pass the bloodways - veins and arteries;
- is also located here a vascular-neural bundle, that is - accumulation of nerve endings.
Functional load of the site behind the knee causes a variety of reasons that can cause painful bending syndrome.
The cyst of Becker as the cause of pain
One of the most common causes of the pain syndrome localized in this area is Becker's cyst. In this case, the pain is accompanied by a slight edema of the popliteal fossa. The mechanism of the disease is as follows: on the inside, the knee joint is covered with a synovial membrane, which is responsible for producing a natural lubricant for joint work. Inflammation of the envelope leads to an excess of the produced fluid and, as a result, to severe compression and swelling processes. It is the formed painful densification that is called Becker's cyst. It is easiest to notice it on the straight leg, since with a slight pressure( or when bending) it decreases in size. Treatment of this disease has a favorable prognosis, but it is much easier in the early stages.
Pain in the knee often occurs with Becker's brush
Pain in the popliteal region at the back when flexing can be a manifestation of various problems with a meniscus - a cartilaginous "lining" that serves to stabilize the joint and its cushioning during walking. There are two main types of disorders that cause the pain syndrome:
- rupture of cartilage.
Sharp sloppy bending, injury, damage due to mechanical stress - all this can lead to rupture of the meniscus. The problem can be a consequence of the development in the body of another disease - arthrosis, which has a destructive effect on cartilaginous tissues( first of all, treatment of the original disease);
- cyst on the meniscus. Unlike Becker's cyst, it is impossible to notice such formation during visual examination.
Other causes of back pain
In medical practice, there are a number of reasons why pain occurs in the popliteal region when flexing:
- damage to tendons and ligaments;
- strong physical exertion, which leads to overstrain of the tissues of the popliteal fossa;
- inflammation due to micro-injury;
- pain can have a reflective nature, that is, its true source may be hiding elsewhere( most often this happens when the vertebrae and osteochondrosis are infringed).
Diagnostic measures and treatment
To get the exact list of necessary diagnostic tests, you should consult a doctor. The complex can include:
- a primary examination of the patient;
- urine and blood test to determine the general condition of the body;
- X-ray( since the x-ray shows bone tissue, then before the study, it will be necessary to introduce a special contrast);
- Doppler study, etc.
For the correct diagnosis it is necessary to pass the
examination. After the diagnosis is made, the appropriate treatment will follow.
When a patient comes to the hospital with a complaint about such pain, the primary task of a specialist is to conduct a comprehensive study to identify the cause and the true source of pain. Independently to treat the emerging discomfort when bending the knee is not worth it, because different ointments and poultices only relieve pain a little, without relieving the original disease.
If Becker's cyst is diagnosed, then the complex of therapeutic measures will include: injections of anti-inflammatory drugs, glucocorticosteroids, and elastic joints to limit joint mobility.
Bursitis and tendinitis often require hospitalization. Patient impose a plaster on the knee, also treatment implies a course of anti-inflammatory and hormonal drugs. Important role for restoring the normal function of the knee has an adequate physical load - physiotherapy.
If the violations affected the neuromuscular junction, as well as serious damage to the integrity of the knee joints, treatment may require surgical intervention.
Pain behind the knee at the back: what happens and what to do
Pain in the legs just below the knee can have different causes, and be one of the symptoms of a serious illness, but more often they are a sign of muscle and muscle strain, and go through with proper treatment. A visit to the doctor with pain under the knee is almost always accompanied by a number of studies: radiography or MRI with great accuracy will show the true cause of pain.
Traumatic injury of joint tissues
In the first place among the causes that caused pains under the knee at the back is overexertion or trauma received during physical exertion. In this case, the joint tissues do not always suffer, the muscles become inflamed more often, bringing a lot of unpleasant sensations. This can happen with prolonged work, during which a person is forced to sit in the squat position, for example, picking berries. Pain under the knees in this case occurs the next day, it is very strong and lasts for several days, less often - weeks.
Traumatic injury of ligaments: lateral or cruciate, also leads to acute pain, which does not go away. In this case, some instability of movements and instability during walking may be felt.
Baker's cyst is a tumor-shaped formation in the popliteal fossa filled with fluid. It arises with various injuries of the knee joint, but sometimes its appearance is not understandable. It is not dangerous, but over time, the cyst increases in size, squeezing the surrounding tissues, vessels and nerves. Complication of an untreated cyst becomes a violation of blood circulation in the lower leg, paresis and neuritis.
Venous insufficiency, thrombophlebitis
Drawing pain under the knee at the back is a sign of venous insufficiency or thrombophlebitis, so it makes sense to get advice from a phlebologist. Another symptom of venous disease will be puffiness and leg cramps of legs after a short walk, finding a static posture. Pain in the vein, which is palpated when palpated, the shin area looks swollen and enlarged - these are signs of thrombophlebitis.
In some cases, when the leg under the knee is sore, the cause may be dorsopathy of the lumbar region. The source of pain is most often a jamming of the nerve roots, so the pain syndrome is accompanied by numbness of the limb, a feeling of "buzzing" in the leg, a feeling of "goose bumps".
Arthritis or arthrosis
Pain under the knee in front is caused by multiple causes, including inflammation of the joint tissues, degenerative changes in the joint cavity, as well as various meniscus and tendon injuries.
Pain under the knee: symptoms and diagnosis
- 4 Prevention
Features of the knee joint
Popliteal pains have one characteristic - they can be difficult to recognize. To understand why such feelings can arise, it is necessary to understand the anatomy of the joint itself and the fovea located behind it. Often the appearance of pain is not connected with the knee joint.
- Top and bottom popliteal fossa is surrounded by tendons and muscles.
- The bottom of the pit is located on the posterior portion of the capsule of the joint, from above it is covered with ligaments.
- The artery and vein are present in the central region of the fossa. Also in this place is a vascular-neural bundle.
- In this area there are lymph nodes that prevent the infection of the human body.
Therefore, the pain in this area can be caused by the impact of a variety of factors that lead to damage to the listed structural elements. To detect pathology, it is extremely important to immediately consult a qualified specialist.
Causes of pain under the knee
Diseases of the joints
- Baker's cyst.
This pathology is usually characterized by severe pain and slight edema of the fossa. The internal area of the joint is covered by the synovial membrane that produces the fluid. If there is inflammation of this shell, excessive discharge of the liquid is observed, which leads to squeezing and swelling of this shell.
In this disease, in the region of the posterior wall of the joint capsule, a compaction forms, which causes painful sensations. If you press on the cyst, its size decreases slightly. Most noticeable is the formation with straight limbs. To reveal this pathology at the beginning of its appearance is problematic, because it has small dimensions and does not cause uncomfortable sensations.
For the purpose of conservative therapy of pathology, a doctor can prescribe injections of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, as well as glucocorticosteroids, which help to eliminate inflammation. In addition, special lining can be used for the knees.
- Cyst of the meniscus.
With this pathology, there are painful sensations at the back of the knee, which increase during movement and when trying to bend the leg. In the course of an external examination, they can not be noticed, therefore, a comprehensive study is required.
- A break in the meniscus.
If the pain appears after sudden movement or traumatic injury of the joint, the cause may be a rupture of the back region of the meniscus. Sometimes a similar problem is the result of arthrosis - a break in the meniscus is due to the destruction of the cartilaginous tissue. In this situation, pain can not always be eliminated in a conservative way, and surgery is performed.
Diseases of the tendons
Often, pains from behind or from the side of the knee arise due to damage to the integrity of the ligaments and tendons. With high loads, damage to soft tissues often occurs, which causes discomfort.
Quite often the cause of pain lies in bursitis or tendonitis of an inflammatory nature. These pathologies are accompanied by pulling sensations, which are the result of excess loads.
To get rid of this pathology, it is very important at the beginning of its development to see a doctor. The specialist must provide the person with peace. In addition, he will definitely limit the mobility of the joint - as a rule, plaster is applied for this. To remove inflammation, it is necessary to use hormonal drugs and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. The most important factor affecting rapid recovery is optimal loads.
Vascular and Nervous Pathologies
- Popliteal artery aneurysm.
With the development of this pathology, there is a drawing pain that has a pulsating character. When palpation, you can find a small seal. The cause of this disease is the stratification of the artery, in which it begins to protrude. It is very important to immediately get help from a surgeon - delay can cause serious bleeding.
- Inflammation of the tibial nerve.
It is located on the bottom of the popliteal fossa. Sometimes, under the influence of various factors, its inflammation may occur. If this happens, a person experiences severe pain during movement, as well as when bending the knee, and such feelings are felt all over the foot. Often there is a change in tendon reflexes. Ankle muscles can also change their tone. In this situation, a surgical procedure is indicated.
- Popliteal vein thrombosis.
This disease is diagnosed very rarely, but sometimes it does lead to pain behind the knee. Identify this disease can be quite difficult, because during the examination pathological changes can not be detected.
Sometimes pathology is detected after the development of complications, which seriously threatens the health and life of a person. Therefore, it is so important to conduct an ultrasound examination of the vessels at an early stage. If a large thrombus is detected, a surgical procedure is indicated.
Purulent inflammatory processes of
If in the ankle area of a person there were infected wounds that caused the appearance of pain, the threat of abscess development increases.
In lymph nodes, which are under the knees, gets an infection that causes the development of inflammation and increase in their size. It is these processes that lead to sharp painful sensations. If you have this problem, you need to contact a surgeon - using an operation, he will open an abscess.
All diagnostic procedures that are aimed at identifying the cause of pain in the knee joint are standard enough. Diagnosis usually involves the following activities:
Trauma of the tendon
Tendonitis is a disease that is quite common in professional athletes. In this case, tendon inflammation develops in the knee region, above or below it, which inevitably leads to the drawing of pain. Even in people far from sports, any knee injury can cause the development of pain and swelling. Treatment consists in providing rest for the injured limb. A good effect is provided by elastic bandaging of the knee, the use of anti-inflammatory drugs and physiotherapy.
Vessel and Nervous Diseases
The inflammation of the tibial nerve can be the cause of severe sharp pain under the knee. During walking, the pain gives to the foot and toes. Also, a person clearly feels how the muscles of the lower leg pulls - this makes itself felt the defeat of the nerve along its entire length. In some cases, pain may spread above or below the knee. Treatment of this condition should be handled by a doctor. In most cases, anti-inflammatory drugs that relieve pain are prescribed. Massage and physiotherapy are recommended.
Many patients note that they not only have pain under the knee, but also a certain formation behind the joint is clearly felt. The leg is pulled quite enough even in peace. A similar condition can be caused by an aneurysm of the popliteal artery - a rather dangerous disease that threatens the development of bleeding. Treatment of an aneurysm consists in its urgent removal in the conditions of a surgical hospital.
If there is a pulsating swelling under the knee, consult a doctor immediately!
Cysts and tumors
Another frequent condition in which the leg under the knee hurts is the formation of cysts or tumors. Some of them are benign, others are prone to malignancy and metastasis. For accurate diagnosis, an x-ray and ultrasound examination of the knee joint is required. According to the indications, a puncture is prescribed, which allows to know the composition of the synovial fluid and to find out the exact picture of the disease.
Popliteal cyst of Baker is a pathology in which pain is localized from behind the joint and is significantly strengthened when the limb is bent. The movements of the patient are severely limited due to the swelling of the joint. A distinctive feature of Baker's cyst is its complete disappearance when flexing the limb and appearance when it is unbent. Treatment of the disease consists in removing the cyst with mandatory revision of the knee joint cavity.
Tumor under the knee is an occasion to visit a doctor immediately!
Arthrosis is the degenerative lesion of the joint, in which its gradual destruction occurs. This condition is a common cause of pain in the knee area. Unpleasant sensations are enhanced by flexing the limb. Treatment of arthrosis is performed by a rheumatologist or surgeon. Physiotherapy, physical therapy and the use of chondroprotectors for a while can stop the progression of the disease. In severe cases, endoprosthetics are indicated - surgery for complete or partial replacement of the knee joint.
Pain under the knee in the front
The situation that hurts under the knee in the front is usually associated with a particular pathological process. Among the causes of pain, you should pay attention to the following conditions:
- arthritis and arthrosis of the knee joint;
- chondropathy( damage to cartilage joint tissue);
- of the spine.
Pain under the knee in front as a result of an injury appears suddenly. As a rule, the victim knows exactly when the injury occurred, and links his condition to a recent knee injury. Pain syndrome can be localized both above and below the joint, strengthened with movement and with a change in the position of the body. For diagnosis, radiography of the affected area is performed. Peace, cold on the knee area, bandaging and physiotherapy allow the patient to quickly get back on their feet and return to active life.
With the development of arthritis( inflammatory joint disease), pain is accompanied by marked swelling. The patient complains of increased pain in both flexion and extension of the limb. Why is this happening? The thing is that arthritis accumulates synovial fluid in the cavity of the affected joint, and this leads to a significant limitation of its mobility. Treatment of the disease will depend on the cause that caused the pain syndrome. The use of anti-inflammatory drugs on the recommendation of a doctor significantly improves the patient's condition and in a short time relieves pain and swelling in the affected joint.
For many diseases, it hurts under the knee, not only in the joint region, but also slightly higher. With sprains and cartilage damage, discomfort can spread to the entire area of the affected organ. Pain above the knee can also talk about the pathology of the hip joint or spine. With vasculitis( damage to the blood vessels) or inflammation of the nerves, the pain syndrome can also spread both above the knee and well below it. For accurate diagnosis of the disease, the doctor conducts some compulsory examinations: radiography, ultrasound, joint puncture. According to the indications, computer tomography and MRI( magnetic resonance imaging) are assigned.
Knowing why it hurts under the knee, you can not only determine the treatment, but also take measures to prevent this condition. When the first symptoms appear, it is necessary to visit a surgeon. You should not focus only on your own feelings. The pain threshold for all people is different, and not always the intensity of pain corresponds to the severity of the disease. Only a timely diagnosis and timely treatment started give an opportunity to live without pain. Take care of the health of your feet!