The knees are very painful: how and how to treatPain in the knees is a common complaint that is addressed to a doctor. Soreness and crunch limit mobility, forcing people to make frequent breaks while walking. Sometimes the pain becomes unbearable, breaks the habitual rhythm of life and makes sleep impossible.
Knee treatment is performed after a preliminary diagnosis, requiring a doctor's examination and a thorough instrumental examination. In order to determine how to treat the knees, the specialist should know all about the nature of the pain and its causes.
Soreness in the knees after injuries
The knee joint has a complex structure: mobility is provided by bones, muscles and ligaments. Damage to one of the elements of the knee joint causes pain, leading to loss of mobility. If the knee is very sore, perhaps this is a consequence of the following phenomena:
- meniscus rupture;
- bursitis of the knee joint;
- fracture or dislocation of the patella;
- knee joint dislocation;
- stretching the tendons or ligaments.
Meniscus is a cartilaginous layer inside the knee joint. When the rupture is torn off part of the meniscus starts to hang out, creates obstacles during movement. The victim has pain, difficulty in walking and knee extension. Possible causes of a meniscus rupture: trauma, degenerative changes of the meniscus in old age.Pain in the knees with bursitis due to inflammation of the periarticular bag - bursa. The causes of bursitis are diverse: inflammation of the periarticular bag can be a consequence of injuries, inflammatory joint diseases, excessive loads. Bursa is filled with blood, the patient has severe pain, numbness, mobility is limited.
Pain in the knees with a fracture or displacement of the kneecap( patella) is usually painful, intensifying when trying to lean on the leg or pull it out. In the case of a patella fracture, in some cases it is possible to probe or see the occlusion in the damaged area. The most common fracture of the patella is a consequence of a fall on the bent knee. A less common fracture occurs after a direct stroke of the kneecap.
Dislocation of the knee joint is accompanied by damage to the capsule of the joint and ligament apparatus. There is a dislocation due to a strong mechanical effect. The presence of trauma in this case is indicated by pain, swelling, impaired function and knee deformation.
Sprain of tendons and tendons supporting the kneecap arises from direct shock or as a result of movements with excessive strain on the knees. The stretching of knee ligaments and tendons is most often diagnosed in athletes engaged in weightlifting, football, basketball, hockey. When stretching, the diseased knee swells, bruises form, movement in the joint becomes difficult.
Causes of knee pain in diseases of
In arthritis, cartilaginous tissue of the joint is destroyed
In a situation where the knees ache and injuries are excluded, it is necessary to look for the internal causes of unpleasant symptoms. Pain in the knee area can be caused by the presence of the following diseases:
- Baker's cyst;
- dissecting osteochondritis;
- Osgood-Schlatter disease.
X-ray of a patient with osteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis of the knee joint is expressed in periodic pains that pass after resting or applying heat. Most often, the disease overtakes people of age. Deformity and stiffness of the joint appear in the patients.
Baker's cyst is a dense tumor on the back of the knee. The tumor causes discomfort, a feeling of depression, difficulty in moving. With large sizes of Baker's cysts, swelling is observed in patients. The causes of the appearance of the tumor: trauma, cartilage damage, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis.
With dissecting osteochondritis( Kening disease), the bone-covering area of the cartilage flakes, the patient feels aching pain, which is intensified when trying to move the foot. With complete exfoliation, the cartilage region begins to move along the knee joint and makes it difficult to move.
The exact reasons for the appearance of Koenig's disease are unknown. There are suggestions that dissecting osteochondritis occurs due to microtraumas, endocrine disorders, bone growth disorders.
In Osgood-Schlatter disease, the tuberosity of the tibia and its nucleus are destroyed. The disease occurs most often in adolescents 12-18 years due to trauma. The pains in the Osgood-Schlätter disease gradually increase, are sharply manifested when squatting, climbing and descending the stairs.
How to properly treat the knees
Pathological changes in the bone of a patient with Osgood-Schlatter disease
For the choice of the method of knee treatment, specialists conduct diagnostics, including examination of the damaged area, ultrasound, radiation diagnostics. A suitable diagnostic method is determined depending on the type of damage. How and how to treat sick knees, doctors decide on the basis of the diagnosis.
Treat injuries and knee diseases with conservative and surgical methods. Conservative treatment for fractures, dissecting osteochondritis, Osgood-Schlatter disease consists in providing complete resting of the damaged limb by applying a plaster band, orthosis or fixative bandage. When stretching, a special bandage is applied to the damaged joint. Pain in the knees, whose treatment is non-surgical, are reduced by taking painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs. Strengthen the effect of taking the medicine called for physiotherapy, massage, magnetotherapy.
In bursitis, the choice of method of treatment depends on the stage of the disease. In the acute period, rest is recommended, the use of a pressure bandage, the application of warming compresses. Traumatic bursitis is treated by injecting a solution of hydrocortisone.
Surgical treatment is used for meniscus rupture, displacement of the patella, Baker's cyst. When the knee meniscus ruptures, the treatment is performed by arthroscopy - a minor trauma surgery performed through two small incisions. During the operation, the detached part is removed, the inner edge of the meniscus is leveled. Baker's cyst is treated by prompt removal.
The pain in the knees, the causes of which lie in osteoarthritis, is reduced by changing the way of life. To slow the progression of the disease, it is useful to harmonize during the day the periods of activity and rest, the implementation of a special set of exercises. Also, patients with osteoarthritis are prescribed anti-inflammatory drugs and a course of physiotherapy.
Home treatment methods
It is impossible to cure a knee at home with severe injuries, but you can dull the pain for a while. Here are some effective methods how to treat a sore knee at home:
- taking medications;
- application of cold and fixing dressings;
- rest assurance;
- application of compresses.
Drug administration is effective with minor injuries( bruises) and with exacerbation of pain in patients with osteoarthritis. Reduce the pain will help the following drugs: ibuprofen, panadol, Tylenol. It should be remembered that all painkillers have a number of contraindications, so before their reception it is recommended to consult with a specialist.The application of cold is effective to eliminate pain and swelling after injury. If the nature of the injury is unknown, you should ensure that the leg is still, using a tire or a tight bandage, if possible. Painful symptoms of minor bruises and serious fractures are often similar, so it is advisable to be reinsured and go to a trauma center where the doctor will determine the severity of the injury.
Home recipes include the imposition of compresses. For the treatment of the knee with the use of compresses, a mixture of apple cider vinegar and honey, a bulb juice, tincture of celandine, a decoction of dandelion. Compresses are effective for relieving the pain syndrome after bruises. In serious injuries, this method only temporarily disguises the problem, eliminating discomfort.
Knees - an important part of the body, which determines the ability to move freely. Any injury to the knees is the reason for contacting a traumatologist. If trauma is ruled out, and pain appears periodically over a long period of time, you need to undergo a test to establish the cause of the pain.
How to treat sick knees is determined only by a doctor based on the results of diagnosis. Treatment at home is permissible only with minor bruises, non-hazardous complications.
Treatment of joints at home
Diseases of the joints are very diverse and cause many inconveniences to the sick. Treatment can be quite a lengthy process. Support for your body at this time and accelerate the recovery will help people's funds made at home.
Gelatin for joints
Gelatin( translated as "frozen") is denatured collagen. It is obtained by a very long thermal processing - denaturation - of different parts of the animal's body. This is bone glue. Most women use its viscous properties during the preparation of a cold, jelly. Useful and jellied with fish, fruit jelly and mousse, marmalade. Gelatin is used as a food, medicine and not only.
Has a positive effect on the musculoskeletal system:
slows down and stops destructive changes in cartilaginous fibers;
accelerates the restoration of cartilaginous tissue;
increases the elasticity of cartilage;
strengthens bones and muscles;
restores the mobility of the joint.
Gelatin compress is best applied in the evening, before going to bed. A piece of gauze is soaked in warm water, squeezed. Then the fabric is opened in the middle and poured 1 teaspoon of "powder".Compress the cover with polyethylene. Then it should be wrapped around something dense enough and left for the whole night. It is advisable to do a course of 7 such procedures.
Recipes of infusions:
A couple of teaspoons of gelatin pour 125 ml of boiled water and leave to swell. Having woken up in the morning, the received structure increase, having added still half a glass of hot water. Method of consumption: before dinner for 30 days.
You can slightly change the first recipe. Gelatin is poured over with a full glass of boiled water, and in the morning only a cocktail is warmed up on a small fire, a water bath or in a microwave oven.
This is a variation of the previous recipe. Adding water in the morning, the resulting composition should be put on a small fire. It is important not to forget to constantly stir the liquid. After the gelatin is completely dissolved, the mixture is cooled. Water can be replaced with fruit juice. Take a therapeutic drink should be every evening before eating, if desired with the addition of sugar or honey. The duration of the course is a month.
Milk gel recipe: Two teaspoons of gelatin is poured over 2/3 cups of warm milk, add 2 tablespoons of sugar or honey. The composition is left to swell for 60 minutes. Then you need to warm it up on low heat, not forgetting to stir constantly. All gelatin crystals should dissolve completely. The composition should in no case boil. Then you can pour the liquid jelly into a beautiful mold and cool it at room temperature. Only after this, it is put in the refrigerator. There is milk jelly needed at least 3 times a week. It is very useful for other health problems. Milk contains calcium required for bones.
Take gelatin with caution. Excessive use of this supplement can lead to intestinal distress. Treatment is conducted in courses of 10 days with equivalent breaks. This is an indispensable preventive tool.
Garlic oil for joints
Garlic seed( Allium sativum L.) belongs to the family of lily. These bulbs are considered a remedy for all diseases. The chemical composition of the plant is very rich: vitamins, essential oil, a multitude of trace elements and other substances. Sulfur compounds give garlic such a sharp, pungent odor. These sulphides have the ability to withstand viruses. It is interesting that when stored in the cold, it acquires new useful properties.
Garlic is useful for the prevention of many diseases, starting with a common cold and ending with varicose veins. Use its useful properties and people with diseases of the musculoskeletal system. Apply garlic not only in its natural form, it is added during the preparation of various dishes. These include garlic oil.
It has a beneficial effect on the patient's condition:
accelerates the restoration of joints;
restores the mobility of the joint;
improves blood circulation in the treated area;
removes slag, lowers cholesterol in the blood;
reduces the possibility of infection.
Recipes of garlic oil:
Peel 300-400 grams of garlic from the husks, scroll with a meat grinder( can be crushed in a blender) and put into a glass container. Pour vegetable oil with a smell. The mixture is left to insist for a fortnight in the dark. It is important not to forget to mix it every day. The resulting oil is filtered very carefully. To do this, you can fold the gauze several times.
Wipe on a grater or chop the garlic head in a mortar, add an equal amount of sunflower oil. Leave to insist for a day. Add the lemon juice, mix. Garlic oil will be prepared for a week in a cool, dark place. The mixture must be carefully filtered. How to use: dissolve half a teaspoon in milk three times a day before eating. Take garlic oil you need courses: a month in a month.
Someone under garlic oil understands etheric, isolated from denticles. It can be purchased at the pharmacy or manufactured independently. Bulbs and greens are subjected to steam distillation and get natural garlic oil. But for the treatment of joint diseases the first prescription is more effective.
Melt the butter, squeeze the juice from 2 cloves of garlic. Bring to a boil, stirring constantly. After filtering, cool. Rub in the area around the affected joint.
Massage of a sick joint can be done with chemist's garlic butter. To 5 drops add 10 ml of any liquid oil. After such rubbing, the pain syndrome disappears. This does not apply to cases when the disease has already reached the stage requiring surgical intervention. Rheumatic pains successfully remove and compresses with crushed garlic arrows. At home, you can also make garlic plaster, ointment with eucalyptus oil.
How to use garlic oil? He rubbed into a sore spot around the joint before going to bed and wrapped around with something warming. It is advisable to do this procedure every evening for 2 months. When using garlic oil, you need to carefully monitor your well-being. Garlic can dissolve sclerotic plaques. Eat garlic and you will be healthy!
Bay leaf for joints
This plant exerts such a strong effect on the body that it is used only in very small concentrations. First of all, it helps to purify the body, dissolving salt deposits. Also, laurel leaves reduce the crunch and painful sensations when moving.
Recipe infusion with a bay leaf: Pour 300 ml of water into an enameled container, add 5 grams of a laurel. Bring to a boil and hold for 5 minutes. It is important to leave the container open. Then the treatment team insists for 3-4 hours or a whole night. You can use the thermos for this. Infusion filter and drink in small sips 2-3 times per hour for 12 hours. This procedure should be done 3 days after 3 weeks. At this time, it is desirable to reduce the consumption of meat and alcohol products. There may be problems with the intestines.
Lavender Ointment recipes:
The crushed leaves are mixed with softened butter at a ratio of one to two. The resulting mixture was heated in a water bath for 30 minutes. After cooling, the ointment is ready.
Mix 6 tablespoons of crushed leaves of laurel, 1 teaspoon of juniper and 12 tablespoons of melted butter.
Recipes of bay oil:
Grind the packing of the bay leaf. Pour a glass of vegetable oil and leave for a week. Before use, it should be filtered. Apply to the skin around the joint.
Rub in a mortar or grind a few laurel leaves with a blender. Pour linen or olive oil. Leave for 2 weeks in a dark place, then drain. You can add oil to salads or apply to the skin. For grinding, you can increase concentration by increasing the number of laurels.
Ointment and oil help from pain in places of sprains and dislocations. The Bay leaf is a modest physician. Most do not even suspect that in addition to the pleasant aroma, he also has a number of useful, health-improving properties. The fact is that the laurel leaves are very saturated with essential oils.
With a laurel you can cook not only useful, but also delicious dishes. For example, lemon-sour cream. Recipe: In 150 g sour cream add 3 bay leaves, lemon zest and heat on fire. Do not bring to a boil. In a separate bowl, whip 4 eggs and 1 yolk with 100 g of powdered sugar. Add here juice of 1 or 2 lemons( to taste) and continue whipping. Pour in a lush mass through a sieve sour mixture. Shake again. Bake for about 50 minutes at 160 degrees. On the ready hot cream put on top 3 more or more laurel leaves. If possible, it is better to cook fresh leaves. It turns dessert to taste like cream-brule. It's light enough even for breakfast.
In the treatment of joint diseases, laureluses are usually used in the first stage, for the preliminary cleaning of the organ. Then they proceed to receive remedies. With some diseases, laurel infusion is contraindicated. The substances in its composition can adversely affect the health status of people with cardiac and renal insufficiency, ulcers, pregnant women.
Turmeric for joints
A turmeric or turmeric plant belongs to the ginger family. Hence the second name - "yellow ginger".Earlier, merchants called turmeric "Indian saffron".Outwardly, these roots are very similar, they differ only in the color of the peel. The range of its application is so wide that the enumeration of all cases will take a very long time.
The benefits of joints are that the extract of turmeric relieves permanent pain. You can buy it at the pharmacy. Avoiding inflammation of the joints is helped by a mixture of turmeric and honey, applied to the skin. This is promoted by a spice component such as curcumin - polyphenol, coloring matter. Calcium, also contained in this spice, is useful for bone tissue.
Turmeric has the following effect on the joints:
prevents and reduces inflammation;
relieves pain and swelling;
increases the flexibility of the joints.
Recipes of curative trays with turmeric:
1 part turmeric mixed with 2 parts ground ginger, add oil to the density of sour cream. The medical composition is applied to a sore spot, covered with polyethylene or parchment, wrapped in a cloth. Compress should not be removed all night. It is recommended to apply it slightly warmed up, then the useful qualities of turmeric become more active.
Mix in equal parts crushed ginger, turmeric and honey. Take half a teaspoon of food three times a day before meals.
Add blended lemon to the previous mixture. Spicy composition to add to the tea 1-2 teaspoons to taste.
Pasta recipes for compresses:
Stir turmeric, lemon juice and salt. Apply compresses to the affected joint similarly to the previous method.
Mix 1 teaspoon of turmeric, half a teaspoon of ground red pepper and 2 teaspoons of ginger powder. Bring the mixture to the consistency of the porridge with hot mustard oil. Paste the spread on the fabric and apply to the joint for 3 hours.
Milk cocktail recipe: 0.5 teaspoon turmeric add to warm milk( 100 ml is enough).If desired, you can sweeten the drink with sugar or honey. Drink it better before going to bed. This mixture gives many opportunities for experiments.
Recipe for golden milk: Add 2 tablespoons of turmeric to a glass of water, boil. Cook, stirring constantly, 10 minutes. The resulting mixture should be stored in a refrigerator in a glass container under a tight lid. Shelf life - a month. Solution with turmeric add to warm milk at a rate of 1 teaspoon per glass. A golden drink can be drunk with sugar, honey, sweet syrup and even almond oil. It is better to take a milk medicine before going to bed. The duration of one course is 40 days.
When choosing spices for cooking, you need to pay attention to their shelf life. Old spices bitter and spoil the taste of the dish. Curcuma can be safely added to omelets, meat, fish and vegetable dishes. There is even baking with this spice. It is very useful for joints and not just ginger tea with turmeric. The tubers are cleaned, cut and brewed with boiling water.
Using turmeric inside as a part of various dishes, you can significantly slow down any inflammatory processes. It acts stronger than some antibiotics. One half of a teaspoon is enough for a positive effect and a unique aroma. Turmeric, like any other spice, in large quantities can cause harm.
Golden mustache for joints
Scientifically golden mustache is called fragrant calligraphy. For a whole set of health benefits, it is also called "home ginseng."This flower is very unpretentious and grows incredibly fast with minimal care. Due to the fact that in such quantity and so rapidly throws out lateral shoots, the name "spider plant" has appeared. If ingested, it may cause an allergy. Tincture is prepared from the whole plant or only from its part: knees, joints, lateral shoots, stem or leaves.
Recipe for alcohol tincture: 40 knees or joints, side shoot - weasel and / or leaves of the plant to grind and pour 1 liter of vodka. If you use the trunk, the solution can only be applied to the skin. Infuse in dark glassware from 15 to 21 days. Stir regularly. Filter and store in a cool place. You can use the product inside and out.
You can combine these two forms of drug use. Twice a day, drink half a teaspoon before eating. Take courses for 5 days( after 5).If you drink a tablespoon of medicinal composition, then the break between the courses should be more - 2 weeks. At the same time, you can do compresses for 1.5-2 hours or rubbing. After the procedure, the joint is insulated. For compresses are suitable and fresh leaflets, previously scrolled in a meat grinder.
Recipe for infusion: Mix in equal parts the crushed root of the transplant with the leaves of the golden mustache, pour boiling water and remove for 3 hours. Filter and store in glass containers. Compress apply for half an hour.
Grind stems, leaves and / or whiskers, pour linen or sunflower oil. Leave in a container of dark glass for 17 days. Filter and store in the refrigerator.
Trimmed mustache with oil 1 to two. Stir in the oven for 9 hours in a dark glass form at a temperature of 40 degrees. For this you can use a water bath. Do not forget to stir occasionally. Cool, filter and store in a cool place.
This oil can be used for grinding and massage of joints, or ingested. These flowers are an ornament of the windowsills of many houses, but not all of their inhabitants know that they live next to the "home doctor".In addition to tincture, broth and oil from a golden mustache, they prepare ointments and balms.
Beespine for joints
In the word "shoe" its meaning is hidden. These are deceased, "retired" bees. The composition of the spoof includes not only insects. Bee products are able to relieve pain and restore cartilaginous tissue.
Cream recipe: Shave the shred and mix with the same wax and propolis, add soft butter or pork fat. Tear for an hour. Cream should in no case boil.
Tincture recipe: 4 tablespoons of spoiled pour 400 grams of vodka. Remove to a dark place for 2 weeks. The course of treatment is 3 months. Take 30-35 drops, diluting them in 150 ml of water twice - three times a day. Before going to bed with tincture, you can rub it. Strengthen its healing properties will help the alcohol solution of propolis.
Powdered powder is combined with 200 ml of a well-heated vegetable or olive oil in a water bath. You can also add wax with propolis. As the mixture cools, mix several times. Otherwise it will break up. This compound is useful for lotions. Before use, it must be heated in a water bath. The ointment is stored in the cold and in the dark.
Mix a tablespoon of powdered soup with 150 ml of honey. This ointment is well suited for grinding.
Mix shampoo and olive oil in a ratio of 1: 1.Treatment with weekly courses: 2 through 2.
Recipe for broth: In 200 ml of water add a tablespoon of podmor, bring to a boil, cool for 20-30 minutes. Use for compresses, baths and inside. Adding half a liter of broth to the water, you can not spend more than 15 minutes in it. The same time interval is limited to compress time. You can drink and drink before eating on a tablespoon several times a day for a month.
Recipe for infusion: Pour a tablespoon of bee products with a glass of boiling water. After 20 minutes, the drug can be filtered and applied to the joint.
It is necessary to begin medical procedures with caution. Some are allergic to any bee products. For example, the first time you need to do a lotion for 5 minutes. The duration of the procedure is gradually increased to half an hour. Contraindicated beespine pregnant women and young children.
Aloe for joints
Aloe is a "green doctor" that can not only relieve the painful pains in the joints, but also significantly accelerate the process of tissue regeneration, remove inflammation. The leaves of the century are very juicy, and the juice can be drunk or used externally. As a rule, for medicinal purposes use flowers that have reached the age of 3 years.
Juice is taken in the following doses: 2-3 tablespoons before meals. To sore spots you can briefly apply mashed leaves of aloe up to 6 times a day.
Recipes for compresses:
Grind 3-5 large cloves of garlic and 1/2 head of onion, mix. Add an aloe leaf, which is more than 3 years old, a piece of wax and a tablespoon of melted butter. Cook on low heat until boiling. Stir, rubbing all the lumps, and cool. Compresses wrapped on top of something warm and stays all night.
Stir honey, aloe vera juice and vodka in a ratio of 2: 1: 3.The procedure should take about half an hour. Apply a compress can be no more than 2 times a day.
Ointment prescription: Stir in equal parts the juice of aloe, honey and boiling water. Stir in a water bath for 5 minutes, cool to a comfortable temperature. Ointment should be rubbed into the skin, covered with polyethylene on top and insulated. Compress is applied at least once a week before bed, maximum - twice. Duration of the course is from 30 days.
Tincture recipe: Mix the juice of aloe, honey and vodka in equal parts. Take a tablespoon before breakfast.
Recipes of rubbing:
Pour in a dark glass bottle of medical and ammonia, vaseline and camphor oil, turpentine, aloe juice and novocaine in equal parts. Insist 5 days, often stirring. Before grinding, the chilled solution must be heated in a water bath. It is better to spend the procedure in the evening before going to bed.
Dr. R. Brois suggests the following recipe: Mix the triple cologne, iodine, 10 crushed analgin tablets and juice from 6 leaves of aloe. Infuse for 10 days.
Extracts of ginseng, garlic, laurel, turmeric, golden mustache, aloe Vera, as well as various bee products are widely used in the manufacture of medicines and cosmetics. But most believe that medications cooked at home are more reliable. Folk remedies can rarely cope with the disease alone.
When using any recipes of traditional medicine, it is better to coordinate them with your doctor in advance. Some funds are so strong that they can cause harm to health. Do not forget that the dosage for adults and children is different. In addition, specific folk remedies can be contraindicated when taking any medications.
Author of the article: Sokolova Nina Vladimirovna, naturopathic physician, phyto-therapeutist
Acute pain in the knee joint and its treatmentStrong pain in the knee joint, as practice shows, is not uncommon. Many people from time to time complain about this unpleasant symptom, which prevents them from moving freely and lead a full life.
This is due to the fact that the knee joint is constantly experiencing a huge load associated with various physical activities( walking, running, jumping, climbing stairs, lifting weights) and overweight. All this often leads to serious injuries and even knee diseases.
Therefore, if you experience pain in the knee joint, treatment of this symptom should be started as soon as possible until it causes serious complications.
Treatment of pain in the knee jointTo eliminate pain in the knee joint, the treatment of which can sometimes take quite a long time, it is necessary to find out the true cause of this condition. There are many factors in which a person can experience pain in the knee area. This can be as various knee injuries, obtained, for example, with a stroke, and a variety of chronic diseases that have a degenerative or inflammatory basis.
Pain in the knee joint can be sharp and aching, sharp and pulling, localized both in the knee itself and in the area below it. Sometimes sick knee joints may not show themselves at all during the day, starting to disturb a person only at night during sleep.
Very often, the pain in the knee is greatly enhanced when walking or running, or during squats, jumps and stairs.
Rid of pain in the knee joint at home
Limit your usual physical activity for a while, which will help relieve the joint and reduce pain. Best of all, if during this period you will observe a complete bed rest, getting out of bed only when absolutely necessary. Sometimes this is enough to completely get rid of the pain in the knee. By giving your knee joint an opportunity to rest, you thereby protect the damaged ligaments, muscles or tendons from further damage.
But for this you should stop any movement, including walking, and wait until the pain in the knee completely calms down. To provide the foot with maximum peace and comfort, place a small pillow or roller under the patient's knee joint. Such unloading helps very quickly to remove the swelling around the knee and significantly reduce pain.
If you do not have the opportunity to refuse business and spend a few days in bed, then in this case try to step as little as possible on the aching leg. To do this, take the cane and when walking, lean against it, thereby protecting the knee from the load. If even with a cane you still continue to limp, then you should get 2 crutches, which will allow you to move, absolutely not straining the affected joint.In addition, in order to increase the flow of blood to the diseased knee and reduce the pain syndrome, it is necessary to regularly make a special massage treatment. To do this, you need to gently smooth movements to massage the area around the joint until the skin slightly reddens. But what if this massage only increases pain and inflammation in the joint? Then you should immediately stop any massage procedures with a sore leg.
At the time of illness, it is necessary to completely abandon all bad habits, and especially from smoking, as it significantly slows the healing of damaged tissues.
Heat and cold treatment
Another tried and proven method for eliminating sharp and acute pain in the knee joint is the application of a bag of ice to the painful place and various thermal procedures. They help to calm the pain, reduce the swelling of the tissues and, when properly applied, very quickly improve the patient's condition.
Heat contributes to the flow of blood to the joint and the regeneration of cartilage tissue
However, before starting the treatment of pain in the knee joint with the help of high or low temperatures, remember the rules:
- A package with ice cubes or any other cold compress very well helps with bruising or swift swelling of the knee joint. Most often, such symptoms are observed in humans with bruises and other types of knee injuries. In order for the cold compress to have the best curative effect on the injured joint, it is necessary to change it approximately every 15 minutes, while performing this procedure at least 3 times a day.
- During the first two days after getting the injury, the bruised knee should not be heated in any case, as this can only exacerbate the inflammation of the joint and intensify the pain. That's why doctors do not recommend people who have suffered a knee injury, take hot baths or swim under the shower in hot water for 48 hours, and apply warming compresses or ointments and drink any hot drinks.
- On the third day after getting a bruise, if the swelling around the joint slightly drops, you can begin knee treatment with hot compresses.
Some doctors advise their patients to alternately act on the knee joint then low, then high temperature, that is, perform contrast procedures.
Bandage of the diseased knee
Another no less effective treatment of various pains in the joint - knee bandaging. For this purpose, a special elastic bandage is best suited, which does not bind the movements, but at the same time helps to maintain diseased tissues. However, one should not bandage his injured leg too tightly, as this can cause a violation of blood circulation in the lower limb and even more edema of the knee joint. If you make a mistake and tighten the bandage too tightly, then you will feel the following symptoms:
- First a light, and then a stronger tingling.
- Numbness of the skin and toes.
- Puffiness build-up is lower than the bandage.
- marked increase in pain.
Bandage of elastic bandage helps to achieve temporary relief of pain, but it does not eliminate the true cause of the disease.
Medical gymnasticsWhen the pain in the injured knee slightly abates and ceases to be too sharp and sharp, you can begin to perform a special set of therapeutic exercises.
It not only heals the aching joint, but also helps to strengthen the periarticular tissues.
This will allow you to avoid repeated injuries of the knee joint:
- Careful stretching of the knee tendons, which, with loss of elasticity, can limit the joint fossa.
- Pulling the knee to the chest.
However, not all physical exercises are equally useful for severe pain in the knee joint. For example, running, skiing, playing football or tennis can only exacerbate your situation and delay the restoration of health and past performance for a long time. Important: if you really want to get rid of knee pain, try to avoid all kinds of gymnastic exercises that can increase the strain on your aching joint.
For effective control even with very severe pain and inflammation in the knee joint, modern doctors recommend taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. These medications can be used either externally in the form of ointments, or inside as tablets or capsules. However, sometimes with severe injuries and diseases, tablets and ointments can not give the desired result. Then the patient is prescribed more powerful rectal forms of anti-inflammatory drugs or special anesthetic injections, which are made directly into the affected joint.To date, the most popular non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are:
How to treat a special diet?
The therapeutic diet for severe pain in the knee joint is aimed at achieving the following goals:
- Reduce body weight and thereby significantly reduce the load on the knee joint.
- Provide the patient's body with all the beneficial substances needed to restore the knee's connective, cartilaginous and bony tissue as soon as possible.
If a patient has a significant amount of extra pounds, he is prescribed a special diet, which provides for a significant reduction in the calorie content of the daily diet. This is achieved by the following methods:
- From the patient's diet, almost any fast-digestible carbohydrates, such as white bread and other flour products from premium wheat flour, sugar and any sweets, are almost completely eliminated.
- The consumption of fats, especially of animal origin, is significantly limited.
- All alcoholic beverages are prohibited, including wine and beer.
To ensure fast and complete recovery of all damaged tissues of the knee joint, you need to make your diet as diverse as possible. It is important to add as much fresh fruit and vegetables as possible to it, or completely switch to a vegetarian type of food.
Pain in the knees: correct treatment with traditional and folk methods
Joint pain is a problem that seriously affects the quality of life. Often, because of the fear of experiencing pain, a person loses his freedom of movement. Special problems cause discomfort in the knees, as it limits the possibility of walking. Sooner or later, almost half of humanity faces this problem. Someone is trying to find ways of therapy on their own, but this rarely gives a positive result. If the knees ache - what to treat them correctly? First of all, it is necessary to establish precisely the cause of the appearance of pain.
For the most ordinary walk, the well-coordinated work of very many joints is needed.
Why does the knee pain
? According to statistics, many people have knee joints at least once in their life - the reasons are different in each case. Doctors say that this may be the result of more than 200 different pathologies - both directly related to joint damage, and not.
Most often, painful sensations occur in the following conditions:
- gonarthrosis( arthrosis of the knee joint) - degenerative lesion of articular cartilage of non-inflammatory nature, leading to deformation;
- gonarthritis( knee arthritis) - chronic or acute inflammation of the joint;
- consequences of injuries;
- age changes;
- congenital pathology;
- excess weight, metabolic disorders, common diseases of the body( eg, rheumatism);
- autoimmune diseases;
The very mechanism of the appearance of pain is associated with damage to the cartilaginous surfaces, ligaments, accumulation of fluid in the joint or vice versa by dryness due to decreased production of lubricant, ingress of a piece of bone, cartilage or foreign body into the joint cavity, nerve pincers, disproportionate load, etc.
Traditional methods of
If you are concerned about pain in your knees - treatment. .. you need to postpone? This is because, first of all, it is necessary to eliminate the cause of the pain and then treat the underlying disease. Only local effects( ointments, compresses) on the affected area are usually not enough - the doctor necessarily prescribes medication for oral or as injections. In general, the complex of therapeutic measures is aimed at:
- elimination of the factor causing pain;
- restoration of normal structure and function of the joint( as prevention of pain).
As the provoking factor and joint recovery are removed, the pain will decrease, and the need for pain medication will decrease. Most often, in complex therapy, anti-inflammatory drugs are prescribed, chondroprotectors( for the protection and restoration of cartilage) restorative and immunity-normalizing drugs, diet, physiotherapy, massage, manual therapy and physiotherapy.
It is very important to understand that the joints of the legs( including the knees) carry a heavy load,they have to withstand the weight of a person. Therefore, in obese people, knee pains occur more often than in people with normal weight. Accordingly, patients with excessive body weight must reduce it, including in order to relieve the joints of the legs. For this purpose, a diet with a low content of calories, salt, flour products, spicy and spicy food is prescribed.
In the period of remission, patients are prescribed exercise therapy. Very useful exercise in the water and swimming. Their action is comprehensive: strengthening the muscles, and ligaments, improving blood circulation, hardening the body. .. In the remission phase it is highly desirable to regularly visit the pool.
If the pain in the knee joints is chronic - it depends on the correct and complex treatment that how long the remission lasts( the time when the manifestations of the disease are minimal or absent).Therefore, it is important not to stop treatment and strengthen the body as soon as the pain begins to decrease.
How to treat your knees and quickly get an anesthetic effect? This can be achieved with the help of massage and manual therapy, which should preferably be entrusted to a specialist with a successful experience in the therapy of such diseases.
Also beneficial to sick joints are radon baths and mud applications, so the course of sanatorium-and-spa therapy will help delay the onset of another exacerbation.
Healing mud can be used, mainly in sanatoriums. The effect from them is very strong
Of course, to give up traditional medicine in favor of the people's should not be. When the knee hurts, treatment with good, proven folk remedies will very well complement standard therapy. In addition, "grandmother's methods" you can apply at home. It is very good if you are recommended by a doctor or a specialist in traditional medicine.
The basic procedures of traditional medicine for pain in the knees are aimed at warming and removing salt deposits. This bath with herbs and other herbal preparations, compresses, lotions and rubbing. Also, herbal decoctions and plant juices are taken inside.
For dissolving and removing salts recommended to make soda lotions every evening. To do this, dissolve the soda in warm water in a ratio of one tablespoon per liter of water, moisten this cloth and apply to the knees for fifteen minutes, after which the soda is washed off, the affected areas are smeared with vitamin cream and put on them warming bandages made of natural wool for the night. The procedures are carried out until the pain and crunch in the knees are reduced. Inside, while drinking black radish juice - several tablespoons( about 2-3) per day.
A small video about restoring the knees with physical activity. The image is "upside down", but the useful content is not lost from it:
Often in folk recipes, to reduce pain during the preparation of compresses, use medical bile, honey and other bee products( for example, propolis);for rubbing - interior beef fat;for baths - decoctions of straw, hops, chamomile, St. John's wort, rowan bark and other plants. The duration of the procedures is selected individually and depends on the patient's condition, tolerability of treatment and the speed of the onset of the effect.
Whatever means you choose not to use - it is important that the effect from it will come faster and will be more complete if the disease is not very neglected. So watch your health and do not bring the disease to severe forms.
Knee inflammation: treatment at home
Inflammation of the knee joint is most often due to the development of arthritis or arthrosis. Patients complain of knee pain and difficulty walking. Meanwhile, both ailments can be successfully resisted, using, among other things, home-based treatments.
- 4 General recommendations
During periods of exacerbations, NSAIDs( non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) play an important role in the treatment of inflammatory diseases. Such drugs quickly relieve pain, swelling and inhibit further progression of the process. They can be administered either inside or outside.
From internal remedies, tablets( Celebrex, Naise, Movalis), powders( Nimesil) or injections( Voltaren, Movalis) can be recommended to the patient. Use them in minimal doses according to the instructions. However, the duration of treatment should not exceed 10 days, because, regardless of the form of administration, all NSAIDs negatively affect the mucosa of the digestive tract.
To reduce the incidence of side effects, drugs should be taken concomitantly with proton pump inhibitors( Omez, Lansaprozol).
Various local creams( Ketonal), gels( Nimulide, Deep Relief) and transdermal therapeutic systems( they are patches - Voltaren, Nanoplast) are shown for local therapy of inflammation.
A strip of cream / gel 5-10 cm long is applied to the knee joint and carefully rubbed until completely absorbed. The procedure is repeated up to 4 times a day. The patch is applied to the affected area for 12-24 hours( depending on the active substance).Duration of treatment is from 14 to 20 days.
Another tactic of treatment is practiced during periods of calm of the disease. At this time, all patients are strongly advised to take chondoprotectors( Structum, Arthru, Teraflex).They include compounds that are involved in the restoration of cartilaginous tissues and prevent their further destruction. They also stimulate the formation of intra-articular fluid, promoting increased mobility of the joints. Drugs take long courses - from 3 to 6 months.
The folk methods of treatment can become a good help in combating the disease:
Means for ingestion
- Every morning before breakfast, take 1 glass of warm potato broth. This can be done both for treatment and for prevention purposes. Potato contains a lot of methylmethionine, which has an anti-inflammatory effect. Root root is better in "uniform".
- 2-3 times a day it is useful to drink 1/2 cup of any vegetable juice( carrots, radish, celery, asparagus).The vitamins that enter into their composition also have a beneficial effect on the function of the joints.
Compresses and rubbing
- At night, you can apply fresh leaves of mother-and-stepmother, burdock or cabbage to the diseased knee. The course of treatment is unlimited. To achieve a lasting result, folk healers are advised to carry out such wraps for a minimum of two weeks.
- In cases of exacerbations compresses with grated potatoes are applied to the joint. Ideally, a greenish root crop is suitable for this purpose. Potatoes are washed and rubbed on the grater along with the peel. Without pressing, the fresh mass is transferred to a tissue bag, previously heated with a hot iron. The thickness of the compress should be about 2 cm. The bag is laid before going to sleep on the diseased area, the top is wrapped with polyethylene, so that the liquid does not run down the leg. You can wrap your knee with a warm scarf. The compress is left overnight. The procedure is repeated for a week.
- It is allowed to apply to the diseased knee and simply chopped slices of fresh potatoes.
- A good effect is the use of vegetable ointments with hops, sweet clover and St. John's Wort. All these herbs are mixed in 2 tablespoons. To the collection add 4 tablespoons of Vaseline and carefully triturate. Store in the refrigerator. Use as an ordinary pain reliever - as needed.
- For rubbing, infusion is used.2 tablespoons of herbs are brewed with a glass of boiling water. Rub into painful places to dry up to 4 times a day.
- It is convenient to use also ready-made pharmacy solutions as camphor: camphor alcohol, ant alcohol, tincture of peppers. They are rubbed into the inflamed joint for the night. On top, the knee is wrapped in a warm scarf.
Baths for patients with joints should not be hot. The maximum permissible temperature is 37-38 degrees. It is enough to fill a bath by a quarter, immersing it only in sick legs. After bathing the affected joint warmly wrapped and go to bed. Healing sessions are repeated every two days. The course of treatment - 5 procedures.
Birch leaves, horsetail, spruce or pine needles are suitable for bath preparation. Raw materials are brewed at the rate of 500 g per 10 liters of water. Duration of the procedure is 20-30 minutes.
With a lack of movement in the knee, blood circulation worsens. As a result, the diseased joint ceases to receive the nutrients it needs and quickly breaks down. Therefore, all patients are shown therapeutic gymnastics.To its implementation proceed after remission of pain and elimination of puffiness.
Special exercises are aimed at strengthening the muscles, relieving the joint load and improving blood flow. The first training is done daily for 10-15 minutes. Gradually, their duration is increased to 40 minutes. All exercises must be performed smoothly, without sudden movements.If you have any pain, you should temporarily give up charging.
- Lie on the floor with your stomach down. Hands bend and put under your head. Alternately bend one or the other leg in the knee.
- In the same position. Maximum bend the leg in the knee. Hold the pose for 5-10 seconds. Repeat the same with the other leg.
- Turn on your back. Bend the leg in the knee, slightly tearing it off the floor. Hold this position for 5 seconds. Repeat the exercise with the other leg.
- Raise your legs up and twist them like when riding a bicycle.
- Press the knee to the chest, clasping the knee fold with your hands. Slowly pull the leg up. Keep the pose for 5-8 seconds. Repeat with the other leg.
- Lie on your side. The lower leg is half-bent. Upper - bent at the knee. Pull the upper leg to the chest, then pull it back as far as possible. Repeat the exercise on the other side.
General recommendations of
If the joint is inflamed, then it has already begun destructive processes. To slow the progression of the disease and reduce the frequency of exacerbations, it is important to follow simple preventive measures:
- Limit the load on the knee joint. Avoid prolonged walking, running. Do not lift weights.
- Enjoy comfortable and sustainable footwear, especially in winter. This will reduce the likelihood of injury.
- Daily walk at a calm pace for 30-40 minutes. In the period of exacerbations from walks it is possible to refuse.
- Watch the weight. Do not overeat. Extra kilograms increase the load on sick limbs.
- Do not sit on hard diets. The joints must receive all the nutrients they need.
- Regularly visit the attending physician and do not neglect his appointments.
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