Symptoms and treatment of rheumatism in the hands of
Rheumatism is a common disease in both women and men. The disease mainly affects the joints of the body: first inflammation of the connective tissue. This ailment soon goes into complications, in which a significant part of the body is affected. The most common type of rheumatism is articular. The disease itself is very dangerous, because it spreads to the skin and even the brain. Rheumatism can be chronic. Initially, the disease can also hide, and then come to light at some point. The main danger is that it partially destroys the immune system, and the person becomes susceptible to infectious diseases.
What is the danger of the disease?
It is important to know what rheumatism threatens if not treated in time. As medical practice shows, the most vulnerable joints that previously injured or undercooled are affected. The disease is characterized by the fact that it does not cause any pathological disturbances in the tissue, but the outer shell of the joint changes significantly. In order to prevent this phenomenon, it is important to treat rheumatism of the joints of the legs, hands and others in a timely manner. In addition to the fact that the membrane of the joints is changing, the neighboring ones also suffer damage. If the patient does not start treatment on time, characteristic nodules may appear on the fingers and on the hand. It should be remembered that the disease can spread to internal organs.
Rheumatism can affect the heart, which is a significant health hazard. The disease has an extremely negative effect on the peripheral nervous system of the body, blood circulation is disturbed, and heart valves can not function fully. It is important to know that rheumatism can spread to the lungs. The disease can develop in a normal, healthy body for several reasons. The first of these is a hereditary predisposition of a person. The second reason may be the penetration of streptococcal infection. As you know, streptococcus is almost in every organism, however, if it is in an overabundance, rheumatism may occur. It is important to refrain from hypothermia, this will help prevent infection.
Different types of disease can be observed in children. The young organism has an increased sensitivity to infection. Reaction to the pathogen occurs instantaneously. It may happen that antibodies in the child's body counteract each other. This happens because streptococci are similar to them. To determine the disease, it is important to identify the symptoms. Rheumatism often occurs in childhood. The disease can progress and accompany a person for a long time.
Disease Symptoms appear immediately. At first, intoxication occurs in the body. This is due to the fact that a person suffered an infectious disease. At first the patient can feel weakness, periodic headaches appear, the temperature rises. It should be remembered that rheumatism does not appear immediately. As a rule, it takes 3-4 weeks after the infection. Rheumatism of the hands has a number of similar signs with arthritis: a person experiences severe aching pain. Rheumatism of the fingers does not begin immediately, usually it comes from above. At first, symptoms are difficult to recognize, because there are a number of similar diseases with the same signs.
The main symptoms of rheumatism: redness of the skin, swelling, which arises from the fact that the joints were affected. A person has pain, which prevents a full-fledged movement. The skin is shiny. The patient's heart starts to beat more often, pain and dyspnea may appear, weakness is felt. After you see all of the above symptoms, you can draw conclusions about his presence of rheumatism. When the disease worsens, pink spots of a small size, called annular rashes, may appear on the skin, they disappear when pressed, and then become visible again. In this case, urgent treatment is needed to avoid complications.
When a person's hands are affected, it becomes very difficult for him to unbend his fingers. This happens with difficulty. Sometimes fingers can not be unrolled independently, and this requires help from outside. For rheumatism of the fingers, they should be massaged at least 3 times a day. Also it is necessary to carry out special medical gymnastics: to bend and unbend them. These movements will help to keep the mobility of the joints and restore their flexibility. It is important to know that with rheumatism of the fingers you can not wet them in cold water.
Symptoms of the disease can be very different. If there is a more complex, severe form of the disease, a person on the skin appears nodules, which are called "rheumatoid".It is important to carry out the treatment in time, because these signs arise as a result of the absence of such. In frequent cases, these nodules are formed on the joints of the fingers. It should be remembered that it is in this area that the disease progresses most. If you find these symptoms, you need immediate treatment. When rheumatism in the area of the fingers is exacerbated, it can deprive the joints of mobility.
Diagnosis and treatment of rheumatism
Symptoms of the disease are characterized by rheumatic fever. In order to conduct optimal treatment, you should identify where the focus of streptococcal infection and then appoint a number of drugs that will help to eliminate the infectious disease. After this, you should carefully monitor the level of streptococci in the body. For this, special treatment and tests for bacussis are required. First of all, this is necessary in order to avoid the occurrence of infection in the future. Diagnosis and treatment include a variety of tests, including rheumatic tests. This analysis is able to show whether there is a disease and at what stage it is.
Treatment involves a variety of methods that are designed to avoid disability and, if possible, restore the full functions to the joints. There are a number of measures that can change the course of the disease. In the first place, chemotherapy is used. It helps to lower the level of streptococci in the body. It is important to carry out such treatment even when, as a result of washings from the pharynx, a large number of streptococci were not detected, as microorganisms can hide in inaccessible areas. A person is given penicillin or novocaine salt in an appropriate amount. After treatment with penicillin has been carried out, it is necessary to prevent streptococcal infection. Suppressive therapy is necessary if the patient has acute arthritis. In some cases, codeine and salicylic acid are injected. The latter gradually helps to remove fever and heal inflamed joints.
Treatment of rheumatism with modern and folk remedies
Rheumatism is a systemic disease of connective tissues and vessels that is of an infectious and allergic nature. This disease develops more often, as a complication of acute streptococcal infection in children and adolescents from 7 to 15 years, but rheumatism can affect the body of an adult, especially the elderly, with weakened immunity.
There are five variants of localization of the rheumatic inflammatory process:
Rheumatic carditis - affects all the membranes of the heart: pericardium, endocardium, but primarily the myocardium;
Rheumatic arthritis - joint form of the disease;
Rheumatic cholangitis - rheumatic vasculitis of small vessels of the brain;
Rheumoeritis is a cutaneous form of the disease;
Rheumatic fever is a rheumatic inflammation of the bronchi, lungs and pleura.
In very rare cases, rheumatic peritonitis of internal organs, as well as rheumohepatitis or rheumatoid arthritis, may develop. But usually the infection does not reach the organs of the digestive tract, liver and kidneys.
If there is a suspicion of rheumatism, treatment should be started immediately, because this disease is dangerous for its formidable complications, first of all, the development of severe heart disease. Rheumatism in children and adults is treated by a doctor specializing in specialty - rheumatologist. And today we will tell you all about the modern therapy of this disease, folk methods of treatment, sanatorium-and-spa activities and the optimal diet for patients.
Treatment of rheumatism in adults
Experienced rheumatologist at the first stage of treatment of rheumatism throws all his efforts to suppress streptococcal infection, because it was the main cause of the disease. The second most important after antibiotic therapy is hormone therapy, because the current inflammatory process is too intense, threatening irreversible destructive changes in the heart. The third important place is immunomodulatory therapy, sanatorium and physiotherapy, dispensary observation, tempering - in short, all the measures necessary to prevent recurrence of rheumatism and return the patient to a healthy, active life.
Treatment of rheumatism in adults is performed in three stages:
Therapy in a hospital( 1,5-3 months);
Treatment in a special sanatorium with a cardiorevmatologic direction;
Regular visit to the polyclinic for dispensary registration.
Medical treatment of rheumatism
Antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, corticosteroid, antihistamine, analgesic, immunomodulating drugs, as well as cardiac glycosides, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs of the new generation, vitamins, potassium and magnesium are included in the basic composition of the antirheumatic program.
The main goal of hormonal therapy is to avoid the development of pancarditis, the total defeat of all the membranes of the heart. To stop the acute inflammatory process, patients under constant dynamic ECG observation during 10-14 days are administered corticosteroids: prednisolone or methylprednisolone. Strengthen the anti-inflammatory effect can be drugs such as diclofenac: diclobene, diclouran, voltaren. They are taken either orally( in tablets) or rectally( in suppositories).
A new word in the non-hormonal treatment of rheumatism is NSAIDs( non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs): aeralt, ketonal, neurolide, ambien, nimasil, celeprex. The last drug at a dosage of 200-400 mg / day is the optimal choice, because it combines high efficiency and complete safety - tselebrex almost does not give side effects from the gastrointestinal tract, unlike other anti-inflammatory drugs.
To eliminate the root cause of rheumatic fever, streptococcal infection, the following types of beta-lactam antibiotic are used:
Amoxicillin - 1.5 g three times a day;
Phenoxymethylpenicillin - similarly;
Benzathinpenicillin - Injection in the case of severe gastrointestinal side effects with oral administration of penicillins;
Cefadroxil - or another antibiotic from the cephalosporin group, 1g twice daily for cases of intolerance to penicillins.
Treatment of prolonged and often relapsing rheumatism is performed using cytostatic immunosuppressants: azathioprine( imarant), chlorbutin, endoxan, 6-mercaptopurine. Chlorbutin is prescribed at 5-10 mg per day, and the calculation of the remaining drugs of this group is made based on the patient's body weight: 0.1-1.5 mg / 1 kg. Immunosuppressants - this is an extreme measure, which has to go to suppress the inadequate hyperreaction of immunity to the causative agent of infection.
In addition to the above medicines for the treatment of rheumatism in adults, cardiac glycosides, drugs for the maintenance of cardiac metabolism( pumpan, mildronate, taurine, phytorelax, instenon, trimetazidine, tonsiginal, molsidomine, hawthorn extract), as well as drugs that saturate blood with potassium and magnesium, magnetores, asparks).
A heavy patient with bed rest is shown a diet with a low fat and carbohydrate content, total salt rejection and a decrease in fluid intake up to one liter a day. If there is severe sweating, a small amount of salt is added to the food, since sodium chloride helps to retain moisture in the body.
The ration of a patient with rheumatism is enriched with vegetables, fruits and freshly squeezed juices. Fish, poultry and lean meat are boiled, baked or steamed. One day is made mono-unloading: the patient uses only kefir, potatoes, salad, apples, cottage cheese with milk or dried fruits.
To eat with rheumatism you need small portions 5-6 times a day, avoid sharp dishes and sauces, refuse bakery products and products that cause fermentation and gas formation( cabbage, grape juice, legumes, fat whole milk, lemonade).
Balneotherapy is the best spa treatment for rheumatism
Mineral waters gently and naturally regulate hemodynamics, increase cardiac output and normalize the heartbeat, so balneotherapy is recommended as an optimal end of the main stage of treatment of rheumatism. Staying in the seaside resort positively affects the general well-being and mood of the patient, and this is very important for successful recovery.
The following types of mineral waters are used for balneotherapeutic treatment of rheumatism:
If against a background of rheumatism a mitral-aortic heart disease develops in the patient, carbon dioxide and radon baths, which effectively restore hemodynamics and normalize the heart rhythm, are best suited. Patients in a state of persistent remission are shown applications from medical mud to the area of joints affected by rheumatism.
Balneotherapy has a complex positive effect on the exhausted organism: it strengthens the immune system, activates the work of the endocrine glands, improves digestion and stimulates a good appetite, eliminates insomnia, weakness and apathy. Only patients with heart failure of stage 2A and above, as well as patients with aortic heart disease of stage CH and above, balneotherapy, unfortunately, is contraindicated.
Treatment of rheumatism in a sanatorium should not be limited to taking medicinal baths and drinking mineral water. Useful walks in the fresh air, moderate physical activity, stay on the beach, because the sea climate itself has a surprising effect on the sick body. Strengthen the beneficial effect of balneotherapy can be the intake of vitamins, minerals and drugs that nourish the hearts and strengthen the immune system( we mentioned them above).
Clinical examination of patients with rheumatism
When the main stage of treatment of rheumatism is left behind, it is necessary to visit your rheumatologist or district therapist on a regular basis, so that at the first signs of remission take urgent measures. Close monitoring of the patient's condition with rheumatism and preventive courses of taking maintenance medications is the key to a stable remission.
Clinical examination for rheumatism solves several problems:
Control of the patient's condition and prompt response to any changes in his condition;
Assignment of drugs to normalize blood circulation and support the heart if necessary;
Consultation with a surgeon and performing a heart surgery, if required;
Analysis of the patient's ability to work and the decision on the assignment of a disability group;
Recommendations for lifestyle, nutrition, hardening and physical activity.
Treatment of rheumatism in children
Unfortunately, rheumatism most often chooses children and adolescents as its victims, and in the same patients in a mature and advanced age the disease usually recurs, and strikes a new blow to the joints and heart. A child with acute rheumatism usually has to be placed in a hospital for a long( 1.5-2 months) course of treatment. Therapeutic tactics are selected individually, based on localization, the severity of the inflammatory process and the degree of destructive influence on the heart. Treatment of rheumatism in children is not only the intake of medications, but also special physiotherapy procedures and a special diet. But first things first.
Medical treatment of rheumatic fever in children is performed using the following drugs:
Analginum or amidopyrine - 0.15-0.2 grams for every year of a child's life per day, but not more than 2.5 grams;
Aspirin ( acetylsalicylic acid) - 0.2-0.25 grams per year of life per day;
Salicylate sodium - 0.5 grams for each year of life per day, the dosage is divided into 4-6 receptions and after the subsidence of acute symptoms of rheumatism is gradually reduced, but not earlier than a month after the first recorded attack of the disease;
Butadione - children under 7 years of 0.05 g three times a day, 8.08 years - 0.08 grams, and adolescents over 10 years - 0.1-0.12 g.
In modern practice of treatmentrheumatism in children is often used combined preparations of pyrabutol and rheopyrin, which contain both amidopyrine and butadione. Dosage is also calculated based on the age of the small patient.
In the first, acute stage of rheumatic fever, to overcome the inflammatory process and prevent irreversible damage to the heart membranes is possible only with the help of synthetic hormones - corticosteroids. The most popular representatives of this class of medicines for the treatment of rheumatism: voltaren and indomethacin( methindol).Hormonal therapy is performed for at least a month.
Therapy of Sluggish Rheumatism in Children
If the disease develops very slowly, and until it causes a significant damage to the heart muscle, you can avoid the appointment of glucocorticoids, and instead of hormones use drugs from the chloroquine group - plakvenil or delagil. Dosage is calculated based on body weight: 0.5-10 mg per kilogram.
A child over the age of seven is still advisable to prescribe a hormonal drug to suppress the inflammatory process: prednisolone, dexamethasone, triamcinolone at a dosage of 10 to 20 mg per day, depending on the age, weight and nature of the course of rheumatism.
If the body has parallel infectious processes, for example, a cold, then in addition to corticosteroids, a 14-day course of antibiotics is prescribed. The choice of the drug remains at the discretion of the attending physician and depends on the type of infection.
In addition to medical treatment, dry heat is used, warming up with solux, ultraviolet and UHF irradiation. Sluggish rheumatism in children does not require a permanent stay in a medical hospital - usually the child is treated at home and visits the treatment room.
Therapy of acute rheumatism in children
If a child is diagnosed with pathological changes in the cardiovascular system and circulatory insufficiency, he is shown treatment with drugs of the glycoside group: 0.05% solution of strophanin, extract of digitalis( 0,03-0,075 g three timesper day), 0.06% solution of Korglikona. In addition to glycosides, diuretics are used to treat acute rheumatism in children: fonurit and euphyllin.
In case of rheumatism to the standard set of antibiotics and corticosteroids it is expedient to add vitamins of group B( first of all, pyridoxine 50 mg per day), as well as vitamin C in glucose solution( 1 ml of 5% solution per 10-15 ml of 20%solution) to maintain the body;the introduction is carried out intramuscularly, the course - 10 days.
Novocain and preparations of antihistamines group: claritin, cetrin, loratadine are used to alleviate the pain syndrome and blunt the severity of symptoms in the treatment of acute childhood rheumatism.
The course of treatment of acute rheumatism in children takes on average about one and a half to two months. Then the child is sent for a couple of months to the sanatorium-resort institution, gain strength and recover from a serious illness. Despite the final recovery, all the children who have suffered rheumatism create a special medical card of the form Ns30, which is stored in the polyclinic by the district pediatrician and serves as a constant reminder of the special status of the small patient.
Modern methods of treatment of rheumatism allow in 85-90% of cases to expect a complete recovery of the child, but still 10-15% of children can not avoid the development of heart disease. If such unhappiness has occurred, you will have to avoid physical exertion for the rest of your life, adhere to a special diet and take supportive medications. That is why it is so important to sound an alarm in time and to see a doctor at the first sign of a terrible illness.
A substance called curcumin, which is extracted from the popular spice of turmeric, can have a therapeutic effect on patients with rheumatoid arthritis. In addition, the data obtained from many studies suggest that curcumin eliminates the inflammatory process that occurs in some cancers, promotes the treatment of psoriatic lesions, intestinal diseases, Alzheimer's disease. The substance has proven itself as a fighter with autoimmune pathologies and chronic pain.
Omega-3 removes inflammation of the joints
The use of polyunsaturated Omega-3 acid is not to be doubted. Her ability to relieve inflammation from the joints in many diseases( rheumatism, arthritis, arthrosis) has long been proven.
Its action is due to three main mechanisms:
Therefore, it is so important to take Omega-3 not only during the development of the inflammatory process, but also for the prevention of joint diseases.
The roots of aconite from rheumatism
The most radical folk remedy for treating rheumatism is homeopathy using poisonous aconite, which is considered to be the most effective remedy. Natural poison, penetrating the body, triggers an immune response, with which you can defeat any disease, including cancer and rheumatism. If in the first case the poisonous tincture is taken orally by a special scheme, then in the second it is used for rubbing into the joints affected by rheumatism.
Tincture for external use. . Take 50 grams of grated akonite root of Dzungarian, pour half a liter of good vodka, tightly seal the jar( ideally - from dark glass) and insist 2 weeks in a dark, cool place, from time to time shaking. Avoiding penetration of light and air is very important, since the toxic alkaloids of aconite are volatile and are susceptible to oxidation. Ready tincture strain and store in the refrigerator in the same tightly ukuporennoy container.
At night, rub it into the aching joints in turn, that is, not all at once, but first in the right knee, then in the left one;in the right elbow, then in the left, and so on. Tincture of aconite very strongly stimulates blood circulation and accelerates the heartbeat somewhat - this effect will be felt right away. After rubbing the patient's joint, it is necessary to wrap a flannel or tie a scarf, in the morning, how to remove the bandage, first wait 2 hours, and then wash or wipe the limb with cool water.
Decoction for external use. To prepare the broth, take 10 g of root and pour half a liter of water. The resulting mixture is placed in an enamel saucepan on a fire and cook for 2 hours. After cooling, it is filtered. Such decoction can wipe the affected joints up to 3 times a day. It so intensifies the blood circulation that you can immediately feel an extraordinary palpitation.
Aconite tincture for internal use. For the preparation of alcohol tincture, take 2.5-3 g of dry root in a crushed form and pour 100 grams of vodka. The container must be made of dark glass. After it is placed in a warm place for 2 weeks and insisted. Before use, you must strain.
The reception scheme is as follows:
Take the tincture followed by courses, the number of which should be three. The break between the courses is 5 days.
It is important to remember that the plant is poisonous, so compliance with precautionary measures will not be superfluous. Treated places should be wiped, hands thoroughly washed. When symptoms of poisoning appear, it is necessary to wash the intestines and stomach, as well as seeking medical help and refusing to take the medicine.
Among the alarming signs of poisoning can be identified:
With prolonged chronic and often recurrent rheumatism, coniferous tincture can become a real salvation. It is prepared from fresh May needles of pine and medical alcohol. Fill a full liter can of needles, pour alcohol to the top, seal with a tight lid and insist in a dark and warm place for three weeks, periodically shaking. Strain the ready folk remedy for rheumatism and take it 8 drops per piece of sugar for half an hour before meals three times a day for 4-6 months.
Treatment of rheumatism with folk remedies
There are 2 interesting folk recipes that help with rheumatism:
Author of the article: Muravitsky Igor Valerevich, rheumatologist;Sokolova Nina Vladimirovna, phyto-therapeutist, especially for the site ayzdorov.ru
5 most effective remedies for rheumatism
Turmeric will ease pain
Medicinal herbs and pills for rheumatism
Rheumatism is a systemic infectious disease of connective tissue caused by streptococci, in which the heart and blood vessels are mostly affected. In other words, rheumatism( see video) - one of the variants of streptococcal infection, which causes inflammation of the tissues of the immune, allergic nature. On the one hand, this disease is close to arthritis. On the other hand, its complications are similar to those of the heart( up to vices), other internal organs, the nervous system.
Usually, this disease develops as a result of frequent colds, angina, caries, and even banal hypothermia. Most often it occurs in children and adolescents 7-15 years.
The choice of tactics for the treatment of rheumatism depends primarily on the stage of its development. There are three degrees of this pathological process. At the first, initial degree of the disease, medicinal herbs that exert anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, diuretic, immunomodulating, cardiotonic effects can be very effective. Phytotherapy with rheumatism, acting gently, with a minimum of side effects, often gives remarkable results.
But with the second and even more so the third degree of the disease, it is wrong to rely on medicinal herbs as the main means of treatment. There are already required much more powerful medications. Their effectiveness also depends on the stage of development of rheumatism.
Degrees of disease activity
In rheumatism of the first degree of activity, the disease usually proceeds secretly or sluggishly, acquiring a protracted character. Can give information about themselves circulatory disorders. Over time, the skin forms annular redness, and under it there are specific for rheumatism nodules. Possible nasal bleeding, increased fatigue, abdominal pain. The neck begins to spontaneously twist - this is the so-called rheumatic chorea. Pain in joints becomes more frequent and prolonged.
On the roentgenogram, you can see a slightly altered configuration of the heart, sometimes spikes. The electrocardiogram produces various disorders of the heart rhythm, blood circulation. The parameters of the blood test differ from the norm usually insignificantly. The picture of the disease is determined by the doctor on the basis of the dynamics of the results of multiple examinations during her treatment.
Rheumatism of the second stage( subacute rheumatism) is characterized by the development of rheumatic heart disease with significant circulatory failure. In addition, he may be accompanied by polyarthritis, pleurisy, nephritis, chorea and even peritonitis.
In this case, an increase in heart size and adhesions. In the electrocardiogram, there are already clear signs of developing inflammation of the walls of the coronary arteries( coronary) and malfunctions in the coronary circulation. Laboratory tests indicate a large number of leukocytes in the blood, high ESR, an increase in streptococcal antibodies and other indicators.
With rheumatism of the third degree of activity( acute rheumatism), inflammation of the heart muscle( myocarditis), layers of the heart wall( rheumatic carditis) or simultaneous inflammation of all the membranes of the heart( pancarditis).
In this case, it significantly increases in size, the myocardium is less contracted, the heart rhythm is disturbed. Insufficiency of blood circulation is pronounced and practically does not give in to therapy. In addition, polyarthritis, pleurisy, pneumonia, nephritis, hepatitis, peritonitis are often connected to these diseases.
The permeability of capillaries is greatly increased. The subcutaneous nodules, reddening of the skin are sharply manifested, the phenomenon of chorea becomes more frequent. And the results of blood tests and serological indicators are many times higher than normal.
Treatment with medicinal herbs
The experience of traditional medicine shows that herbal medicine effectively helps to treat rheumatism in the initial stage with generally available means. For example, oats. Grain is poured into 3-4 linen bags, placed in water and brought to a boil. Hot bags are squeezed and applied to the diseased joints, fixing with bandages. After a few such compresses, the pain subsides.
Birch leaves are also good. They obkladyvayut legs in trousers. When the limbs are sweating, the wet leaves are replaced with fresh ones. This procedure is done before bedtime. In winter, you can use dry leaves.
Phytotherapy also practices a very unusual treatment: nettle grass for rheumatism. She burns her feet badly, but then the joint pains pass. Many people take a tincture of a saber. They help rheumatism also with sea buckthorn berries, they are brewed and drunk as tea.
Phytotherapy offers a variety of treatments. For example, such a composition: herb Leonurus, nettle grass, chamomile flowers and herbaceous grass. Or: lawn grass, hawthorn flowers, oregano grass, St. John's wort inflorescence, celandine grass. Either: yarrow herb, birch leaves, celandine grass, hawthorn fruit and St. John's wort.
Antibiotics and hormones
For the treatment of rheumatism, various antibacterial drugs are used: Azithromycin, Bicillin-5, Amoxicillin, Ampicillin, Midekamycin, Clarithromycin, Roxithromycin, Erythromycin,"Oksatsillin", etc. In recent years, antibiotics in the form of a pill are widely used. They are also quite effective.
It is often prescribed and penicillin preparations, carrying out long-term courses of treatment of rheumatism and prevention of cardiac complications. But still the use of penicillin and other antibiotics is limited by frequent cases of their intolerance, by a lot of side effects and is advisable only if a source of infection is detected.
The main principle of treating rheumatism is the combination of a hormone-glucocorticosteroid with a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug. As a steroid hormone, "Prednisolone" is usually prescribed, the doses of which are gradually reduced. In severe circulatory disorders, "Triamcinolone" is more suitable, since it detains less fluid in the body.
Established: the more acute phase of the disease, the stronger the effect of glucocorticosteroids. Given this pattern, patients with already existing heart complications are given an initial dose of hormones 40-60% higher than the average.
The combination of hormones with anti-inflammatory drugs allows you to achieve greater therapeutic effect in heart lesions. It should, however, be borne in mind: the appointment of such powerful agents as glucocorticosteroids, without obvious manifestations of an active rheumatic process, is fraught with the acceleration of myocardial dystrophy.
Syndrome of hormone withdrawal in rheumatism usually does not occur, so high doses can be drastically reduced. With positive results of treatment, glucocorticosteroids are canceled only when all symptoms of disease activity disappear. And subsequently the patient takes only an anti-inflammatory drug.
The choice is quite large: these are Voltaren, and Aspirin, and Brufen, Butadion, Amidopyrine, Indomethacin. They are prescribed in the same dosage throughout the course of inpatient treatment and about a month after discharge.
"Indomethacin" has a high anti-inflammatory effect, but its reception is often accompanied by intestinal disorders, headaches, dizziness."Brufen" has very few negative actions, but this is a very weak drug. Butadion is much more effective, but it detains fluid in the body, so it is advisable not to take it with heart defects. The best of the drugs in this group is Voltaren, because it not only has a powerful effect, but is also very well tolerated by patients.
Established: the curative effect of salicylates( in contrast to corticosteroids) with an increase in the activity of the disease is reduced. Therefore, at the 1st degree of activity of rheumatism, the benefit from Aspirin is often much greater than from Prednisolone, and at the 2nd and 3rd degrees of disease activity, on the contrary, the hormone is much preferable to acetylsalicylic acid.
In addition, if the disease is not started and is not yet burdened with serious complications, anti-inflammatory drugs can be successfully applied and without hormones as the only means of antirheumatic therapy.
Quinolines, cardiac glycosides and diuretics
Patients with chronic rheumatism require other medications for treatment. Antibiotics, hormones and anti-inflammatory medications are ineffective for them. Chronicles are best helped by quinoline preparations.
However, Chlorokhin, Rezokhin, Plakvenil or Delagil must be taken for a long time, up to a year or even longer, because the healing effect of quinolines is manifested only after 1-1.5 months, and the maximum begins to gradually reach abouthalf a year. With a treatment duration of more than a year, the dosage of these medicines can be reduced by about half, and in summer it is allowed to take breaks.
But these drugs suppress the activity of rheumatism in 70-75% of patients with the most severe forms, difficult to treat."Plakvenil" and "Delagil" are well combined with all other antirheumatic drugs, which in combination with quinolines often work more effectively.
Cardiac glycosides are required for rheumatism if accompanied by significant circulatory failure. In patients with severe rheumatic carditis, Digoxin, Novodigal, Aceodoxine, and Izolanid are effective only when taken with antirheumatic drugs.
In cases where circulatory insufficiency is caused by rheumatic carditis in active form, hormonal preparations should be included in complex treatment, which do not lead to significant fluid retention in the body. Preference is usually given to "Triamcinolone" or "Prednisolone".
Rheumatics are prescribed, as necessary, and diuretics: "Indapamide", "Furosemide", "Lasix", "Brinaldix", etc. In patients with heart defects and severe circulatory failure, a good therapeutic effect can often be achieved only by taking diuretics and cardiacglycosides.
It should be remembered that diuretics, as well as hormones and cardiac glycosides, wash away from the body much needed cardiac muscle potassium. Therefore, they should be taken simultaneously with the preparations containing this macroelement, for example, "Panangin" or "Asparcum".
Possible complications ↑
In the absence of treatment, rheumatic heart disease occurs. Heart rate abnormalities and heart rate, heart pain and heartbeat failures suggest that inflammation of the heart tissue develops, accompanied by shortness of breath, sweating and weakness.
Other effects of untreated chronic joint rheumatism include:
- rheumatoid arthritis( characterized by chest pain, cough, shortness of breath and fever)
- rheumatic skin disease( subcutaneous rheumatic nodules or annular erythema);
- if nervous tissue is involved in the inflammatory process, the patient has uncontrolled muscle contractions( grimaces, sharp movements, speech becomes indistinct, handwriting is broken).
The diagnosis can only be made by a rheumatologist.
For this purpose, a complex examination of the body is appointed:
- , a general clinical blood test is necessary to detect signs of inflammation in the body;
- immunological analysis of blood is done in order to find in it characteristic for rheumatism substances( they appear in the blood a week after the onset of the disease and concentrate as much as possible on 3-6 weeks);
- heart echocardiography and electrocardiography is used to assess the condition of the heart, determine or exclude its lesions;
- for the evaluation of the joint condition, X-ray of the joints, biopsy, arthroscopy and a puncture for the examination of the joint fluid.
If there are lesions of other organs, you may need to consult other specialists.It hurts to move your fingers in the morning? Find out why the joints of the fingers are aching, from our article.
What causes pain in the elbow? Read here.
Than to treat an arthrosis of a humeral joint? All the necessary information in this material.
How to treat?↑
Rheumatism occurs as a chronic disease with periodic remissions and exacerbations.
During periods of exacerbation, patients are advised to limit the number of movements to reduce the burden on the joints. To do this, they are shown bed rest.
In case of mild illness it is enough to observe a half-fast mode for 10 days.
An easy form of the disease can be treated at home.
In severe, or rheumatism of moderate severity, a strict bed rest is required from 2 weeks to 1 month.
According to the indications in the dynamics, with the normalization of the general condition and the indicators of laboratory studies, you can gradually increase the activity of movements.
It is impossible to completely cure rheumatism, but you can not treat it completely.
Ideally, if the complex applies all possible measures to combat this disease: medicamentous, physiotherapeutic treatment, diet, etc.
The success of treatment will largely depend on the correct choice of medication.
Several types of drugs with different effects are used for the treatment of joint rheumatism:
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Necessary to eliminate pain symptoms and suppress the inflammatory process in connective tissue.
- Antibiotics. The main task in the treatment of rheumatism is the suppression of streptococcal infection, which is a provoker of the disease and subsequent complications. To do this, antibacterial agents of the penicillin group and their analogs or broad-spectrum antibiotics( erythromycin, ampicillin, etc.) are used. Such therapy lasts up to 15 days. In the future, for the prevention of recurrence and complications on the heart for 5 years 1 time in 20 days, the patient is injected with this drug.
- Immunosuppressants. Immunosuppressants weaken the body's response to infection, slightly suppress the immune response.
- Corticosteroid hormones. Assigned if antibiotics and NSAIDs were ineffective in controlling rheumatism. They combine with other drugs to eliminate all unpleasant symptoms for several days.
All drugs used for treatment are effective, but have certain contraindications.
Therefore, to minimize their harmful effects from prolonged use and increase the effectiveness of therapy, a complex treatment is prescribed. It is carried out under the strict supervision of a doctor.
Treatment of joint rheumatism with folk remedies is possible.
And for many years folk medicine has accumulated many recipes to combat this disease. But it is better to carry out treatment in combination with medication.
It is advisable to consult with your doctor about the appropriateness and correctness of this treatment.
- Two tablespoons of fresh dandelion flower flowers are crushed and add 2 tablespoons of sugar. Leave in a cool place for 7-10 days, then squeeze the juice and take it 3 times a day for 20 drops.
- In 200 ml of vodka, insist for 1 week 30 grams of the leaves of the yellow acacia. Take 20 drops of tincture in the morning, lunch and evening.
- Elm bark( 20 grams) pour a glass of boiling water and do not remove from the fire for 10 minutes. Then leave for 3 hours. Prepared tincture can be taken on 1 spoon 4 times a day.
- Roots of wild rose and chopped vodka. Within 2 weeks, insist in a dark place. Take 1 spoonful three times a day.
- The fruits of sea buckthorn, red mountain ash or physalis also have an anti-rheumatic effect. From them prepare broths and tinctures.
- Pharmacy tincture of barberry take 30 drops 3 times a day.
- Squeeze the juice of nettle, take as much honey and concentrated alcohol. All this is mixed and left in the refrigerator for 15 days. Take 1 spoonful 3 times a day shortly before meals. The course of admission is six months.when developing arthritis is recommended to use until the movements in the joints are not easy and free.
- Take 40 grams of chopped garlic, pour 100 ml of vodka, and insist in a dark place for 10 days, periodically shaking. Take 10-15 drops 3 times a day.
Teas and decoctions:
- Very useful for rheumatism is green tea. It should be drunk at least 3 times a day.
- Black tea with raspberry berries( 30 grams of berries per glass of tea) also helps fight the symptoms of inflammation.
- Herbal teas made of fattened thick bean, bearberry, cocklebur, shepherd's bag, yarrow, tartar, violets, daisies or alfalfa are considered useful.
- A mixture of carrot and celery juices in a ratio of 7: 3 to drink every day.
- Broth from the roots of burdock and elecampane should be taken within 2 months 2 spoons 3 times a day.
Still folk medicine recommends that patients with rheumatism joints take a bath with a decoction of flowers of chamomile, clover, thyme, roots of wild rose or ayr.
In the treatment of rheumatism, nutrition should also be given attention: the main thing is that the body receives all the necessary substances.
Doctors recommend adhering to diet No. 15, increasing the protein component of the diet and reducing the intake of carbohydrates and salt. Do not forget about fruits and vegetables, drink warm drinks: tea with raspberries, decoction of linden.
It is recommended to exclude from food:
Rheumatism: symptoms, diagnostics, treatment
Rheumatism is an inflammation of the connective tissue with the primary localization of the process in the cardiovascular system.
The development of rheumatism is closely related to the previous acute or chronic nasopharyngeal infection caused by streptococcus, directly or indirectly, by the damaging effect of its components and toxins on the body with the development of immune inflammation.
For selective damage to the valves of the heart and myocardium with the development of immune aseptic inflammation, anti-streptococcal antibodies that cross-react with the tissues of the heart( molecular disguise) are responsible.
An important role is assigned to genetic factors, which is confirmed by the more frequent incidence of children from families in which one of the parents suffers from rheumatism.
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Rheumatism is characterized by a variety of manifestations and variability of the flow. As a rule, it occurs at school age, less often in preschool children and practically does not occur in children under 3 years old.
- In typical cases, the first signs of rheumatism in the form of fever, signs of intoxication( fatigue, weakness, headache), joint pain and other manifestations of the disease are detected 2-3 weeks after sore throat or pharyngitis.
- One of the earliest signs of rheumatism is joint pain, detected in 60-100% of cases( rheumatoid arthritis).
- Rheumatoid arthritis is characterized by acute onset, involvement of large or medium joints( often knee, ankle, elbow), rapid reverse development of the process.
- Symptoms of heart failure are defined in 70-85% of cases. Complaints of a cardiac nature( pain in the heart, palpitation, dyspnea) are noted with severe cardiac disorders.
- More often, especially at the beginning of the disease, there are various asthenic manifestations( lethargy, malaise, fatigue).
To rarer symptoms of rheumatism is the annular rash and rheumatic nodules.
Annular rash( annular erythema) - pale pink soft rashes in the form of a thin ring-shaped rim that does not rise above the surface of the skin and disappear when pressed. The rash is found in 7-10% of patients with rheumatism, mainly at the peak of the disease and is usually unstable.
Subcutaneous rheumatoid nodules are round, dense, inactive, painless, single or multiple formations with localization in the area of large and middle joints, spinous processes of the vertebrae, in the tendons. Currently, there are rare, mainly with severe rheumatism, remaining from a few days to 1-2 months.
Abdominal pain, damage to the lungs, kidneys, liver and other organs with rheumatism is currently extremely rare, mainly in severe its course.
Photo: ring-shaped eczema as a sign of rheumatism
The ECG often shows irregularities in the rhythm.
Radiographically( in addition to not always expressed increase in the heart), signs of a decrease in the contractile function of the myocardium, a change in the configuration of the heart are determined.
Laboratory indicators in patients with rheumatism reflect the signs of streptococcal infection, the presence of inflammatory reactions and the immunopathological process.
The active phase is determined: leukocytosis with a leftward shift, an increase in ESR, often anemia;increased serumucoid, diphenylamine reaction;disproteinemia with hypergammaglobulinemia;increase of titers of ASG, ASLO, increase in immunoglobulins( Ig) of class A, M and G;C-reactive protein( CRP), circulating immune complexes, anticardial antibodies.
Treatment of rheumatism
Treatment of rheumatism is based on the early appointment of a comprehensive therapy aimed at suppressing streptococcal infection and the activity of the inflammatory process, as well as preventing the development or progression of heart disease.
The implementation of these programs is carried out according to the principle of phasing:
- Stage I - inpatient treatment,
- Stage II - aftercare at the local cardio-rheumatological sanatorium,
- Stage III - dispensary observation in the polyclinic.
1. At the first stage in the hospital, the patient is prescribed medicinal treatment, correction of nutrition and therapeutic exercise, which are determined individually, taking into account the characteristics of the disease and, above all, the severity of the heart.
In connection with the streptococcal nature of rheumatism, treatment is carried out with penicillin.
- Antirheumatic therapy involves one of the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs( NSAIDs), which is administered alone or in combination with hormones, depending on the indications.
- Antimicrobial therapy with penicillin is carried out for 10-14 days.
- In the presence of chronic tonsillitis, with frequent exacerbations of focal infection, the duration of treatment with penicillin is increased or additionally used by another antibiotic, amoxicillin, macrolides( azithromycin, roxithromycin, clarithromycin), cefuroxime axetil, and other cephalosporins at age dosage.
- NSAIDs are used for at least 1-1,5 months until the signs of activity are eliminated.
- Prednisolone in the initial dose is prescribed for 10-14 days before the effect is obtained, then the daily dose is reduced by 2.5 mg every 5-7 days under the control of clinico-laboratory indicators, in the following the drug is canceled.
- The duration of treatment with quinoline preparations for rheumatism is from several months to 1-2 years or more, depending on the course of the disease.
In hospital conditions, the elimination of chronic foci of infection, in particular, the tonsillitis surgery, carried out 2-2.5 months after the onset of the disease, in the absence of signs of activity of the process, is also carried out.
2. The main task at the II stage is to achieve complete remission and restoration of the functional capacity of the cardiovascular system.
The sanatorium continues the therapy begun in the hospital, treats the foci of chronic infection, implements the appropriate treatment and health regime with differentiated motor activity, exercise therapy, and hardening procedures.
3. The third stage of complex therapy of rheumatism involves the prevention of relapse and disease progression.
To this end, penicillin preparations of prolonged action, mainly bicillin-5, are used, the first administration of which is carried out even during inpatient treatment, and then - once in 2-4 weeks all the year round.
Regularly, 2 times a year, an outpatient examination is carried out, including laboratory and instrumental methods;appoint the necessary recreational activities, therapeutic exercise.
For rheumatism without cardiac involvement, bicillin prophylaxis is carried out for 5 years after the last attack.
In the spring-autumn period, along with the introduction of bicillin, a monthly course of NSAIDs is shown.
Prevention of rheumatism is divided into primary and secondary.
Primary prevention is aimed at preventing rheumatism and includes:
1. Enhance immunity( hardening, alternating load and rest, nutrition, etc.).2. Detection and treatment of acute and chronic streptococcal infection.3. Preventive measures in children predisposed to the development of rheumatism: from families in which there are cases of rheumatism or other rheumatic diseases;often with nasopharyngeal infection;having chronic tonsillitis or who underwent an acute streptococcal infection.
Secondary prophylaxis is aimed at preventing recurrences and progression of the disease in patients with rheumatism in conditions of dispensary observation.
Forecast for rheumatism
Currently, with timely treatment, the primary lesion of the heart ends in recovery.
The formation of valvular heart disease, more often with the development of mitral insufficiency, is determined in 15-18% of cases in the first attack, mainly in severe, prolonged or latent course of the disease.
Find out your probable disease and to which doctor should go.
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Rheumatism - Symptoms and treatment with folk remedies at home
Phenoxymethylpenicillin( Vepicombin, Clialyl, Megacillin) Cefuroxime( Aksetin, Zinacef, Zinnat, Ketocef) Corticosteroids Dexamethasone( Daxin, Dexazone, Cortix, Novometasone, Fortecortin) Prednisolone( Decortin, Metipred, Prednol) Triamcinolone( Berlikort, Delphicort, Kenacort, Kenalog) Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs Acetylsalicylic acid( Anopyrine, Aspekard, Aspivatrin, Aspylate, Aspinate, Aspirin, Acetal, Acetylline, Bufferan, JaspeNovoland, Novasan, Ronal, Salorin, Trombo ACC, Uppsarin Oopsa) Diclofenac( Voltaren, Diklogen, Diclomax, Diclomene, Naklof, Naklofen, Neodol, Novo-Diphenac, Olfen, Ortophen, Feloran, Flameril, Ecofenac, Ethifenac, Yumeran) Ibuprofen( Bonifen, Brufen, Burana, Dolgit, Ibupron, Ibuprof, Markofen, Motrin, Motrin, Nurofen, Profinal, Reumafen, Solpaflex) Indomethacin( Indoene, Indovis, Indopharm, Indocid, Intaban, Metindol, Novo-Metatsin, Elmetacin)
Non-traditional and folk remedies for rheumatism
Home remedies for rheumatismatizma
Cut 3 large peeled bulbs and cook in 1 liter of water for 15 minutes, drain. Take 1 glass of broth in the morning, after awakening, and in the evening, before going to bed, while treating and preventing rheumatism.
Grated fresh onion to apply to sick joints for 20-30 minutes 2-3 times a day.
Grate 1 kg of raw potatoes( preferably pink).Fold half the linen fabric, smear the potato slurry on its center, fold it, wrap it around the sore spot. From above it is good to tie something warm. Cover the patient with rheumatism for the whole night with a blanket. Compresses do every other day. At the same time, take 5 drops of aspen tar and 50 ml of 50% vodka per day. Drink for 1.5 months. It is used for rheumatic pains.
A good effect for rheumatism gives a combination of outdoor use of potatoes with the reception of raw potato juice - at least 0.5 glasses a day. Course - 1 month, sometimes to fix the treatment, repeat the course after a one-week break.
Boil the broth from the potato peel, drink it and put the compresses on the rheumatic areas.
Herbs and preparations for the treatment of rheumatism
Pour 10 g of St. John's wort with 1 glass of hot water, boil for 30 minutes over low heat, cool and drain. Take rheumatism for 0.3 cup 3 times a day for 30 minutes before eating. Keep no more than 3 days.
Pour 1 tablespoon of tansy flower basket 1 cup of boiling water. Insist, wrapped, 2 hours, strain. Take rheumatism 1 tablespoon 3-4 times a day for 20 minutes before meals with rheumatism. Externally used infusion of flower baskets and infusion of herbs in the form of warm baths and compresses.
Fill a bottle with fresh May pine needles, pour over with 56% alcohol, insist in a warm place for 21 days. Take 8 drops on sugar 3 times a day for 30 minutes before eating. The course of treatment for rheumatism is 5-6 months.
Pour 4 tablespoons of celery( leaf and roots) with 0.5 liters of water and cook until 1 cup is left, drain. Drink a portion during the day with rheumatism.
Pour 1 teaspoon of kidneys of Scotch pine 1 glass of water, boil for 5 minutes, stirring, drain. Take rheumatism in a warm form for 1 tablespoon 3-4 times a day after meals.
Pour lilac flowers with vodka in the ratio 1:10.Insist in a sealed container for 8-10 days and strain. Take rheumatism for 30 drops 2-3 times a day and at the same time rub the sore spots or make a compress of the same tincture.
Pour 1 tablespoon of cranberry leaf 1 cup of boiling water, insist 30 minutes. Take rheumatism 1 tablespoon 3-4 times a day.
Pour 1 teaspoon of herbs nightshade black 2 cups of boiling water, insist 1 hour. Take 1 tablespoon 3 times a day. With pain in joints affected by gout, rheumatism.
Pour 2 teaspoons of crushed blueberries with 1 glass of boiling water, insist until cooled. Drink infusion, as well as kissels, decoctions of 2-3 glasses a day for rheumatism, gout.
Pour 1 teaspoon of dried herbs and parsley roots curly 2 glasses of hot water, insist 9 hours. Take infusion of 2-3 tablespoons before meals for 3 days. With diseases of the joints.
Pour 1 teaspoon of herb clown grass 2 cups of boiling water, insist 30 minutes, drain. Take 1 tablespoon 3 times a day after meals. As an analgesic and sedative for neuralgia, rheumatoid joint damage.
To fill the Lithuanian jar with a third of the volume with crushed young shoots and leaves of cranberries, pour vodka to the top, insist on the sun. Drink 2 tablespoons 2 times a day.
Pour 1 tablespoon of bearberry 1 cup of boiling water, insist 2 hours, drain. Take rheumatism 2-3 glasses a day.
Pour 1 tablespoon of crushed bearberry leaf 1 glass of water, infuse 8-10 hours. Boil for 5 minutes on low heat and still insist 2 hours, drain. Take rheumatism for 4 dessert spoons 2-3 hours after eating.
Take in equal parts the flowers of elderberry and chamomile flowers, brew with boiling water, put the mixture in a linen bag. Apply to sick joints with rheumatism.
Pour 5-6 potato flowers 1 cup of boiling water, insist for 1 hour, strain. To drink during the day. The course of treatment for rheumatism -2 months, then a break for 2 months and a repetition of the course.
Recipes Wangi from rheumatism
1 tablespoon of flower baskets of Artemisia citvarni is filled in a thermos with 300 ml of boiling water and it is insisted for 2 hours, filtered and used as an external anesthetic for rheumatism, neuralgia and lumbago.
Take 50 g of crushed dry grass clover meadow for 1 liter of boiling water. Infuse 2 hours, drain. Bath should be taken at night. The course of treatment: 12-14 baths.
Lilac flowers loosely fall into a half-liter bottle to the top, pour 40% alcohol, insist 21 days in a dark place and filter. Take 30 drops 3 times daily before meals. The course of treatment is 3 months. You can use another recipe: 2 tablespoons of flowers pour a glass of vodka or 70% alcohol, insist 7 days in a warm place, periodically shaking. Drink 50 drops of vodka or 20-30 drops of alcohol tincture 3 times a day for 20 minutes before eating and rub the sore spots( joints, heel spurs).
1 tablespoon of dried birch leaves are poured into a glass of boiling water, it is insisted for 6 hours and filtered. Drink 1/2 cup 2-3 times a day. You can also use a decoction of birch buds.5 g of kidneys pour a glass of boiling water, leave for 15 minutes on low heat, insist for 1 hour and filter. Drink 1/4 cup 4 times a day 1 hour after eating.
Take 3 tablespoons of St. John's wort's herb and pour 4 cups of boiling water, let it brew for 2 hours and strain. This herbal infusion should be drunk 1/3 cup 3 times daily before meals with rheumatism and chronic gout. The course of treatment: 1-2 months.
If often suffer from gouty pain, rheumatism, sciatica or myositis, then you should take medical and preventive baths. Effective in this case is the usual horseradish.50-70 g of roots and leaves must be grinded and put, wrapped in gauze, in a bath with a water temperature of up to 40 ° C.Make sure that the water is evenly mixed with horseradish juice. Take a bath for the night. The procedure time is 10 minutes. The course of treatment: 12-14 procedures. Repeat it should be several times a year. Infusion and juice of horseradish roots are also recommended to be taken orally.
Drink every day for 2-3 cups of broth from stigmas corn. On a glass of water, take a teaspoon of raw material with the top, cook over low heat for 10 minutes. Drinking 6-8 weeks. Passes the most chronic muscular rheumatism.
40 grams of chopped garlic cloves pour 100 ml of vodka. Insist in a closed vessel in a dark place at room temperature, periodically shaking, 7-10 days, drain. Take 10 drops 2-3 times a day for 20-30 minutes before meals with rheumatism and gout.
A tablespoon of dry roots of a large burdock is poured with 2 glasses of steep boiling water, it is insisted for 2 hours and filtered. Take 1/2 cup 3-4 times a day.
A vegetable mixture from the roots of a large burdock( 10 g) and elecampane( 10 g) is poured into a glass of water and cooked on low heat with the lid closed for 20 minutes, then it is insisted for 4 hours and filtered. Take 1 tablespoon 3-4 times a day before meals.
20 g shredded fruit bean leaves pour 1 liter of water, boil for 3-4 hours, cool and strain. Drink 100 ml per day for rheumatism and gout.
Prepare a tincture of 100 g of dry ground rose hips, fill them with 0.5 liters of vodka, and keep in a dark place for 3 weeks, periodically shaking the contents. Take tincture of 20-30 g 3 times daily before meals, washed down with boiled water. At the same time, you can rub the tincture into sore spots or make compresses out of it.
100 grams of celery with the spine, add water and cook until there is 1 glass left. Strain and drink this portion throughout the day at intervals. The remedy can relieve rheumatism in a few days. Cook the broth daily.
A tablespoon of crushed black currant leaves brewed with 2 cups of boiling water, 6 hours, drain. Drink 100 ml 4 times a day. Infusion is consumed with rheumatism and gout, as it promotes the release of the body from excess uric acid and purine substances. It can also be used in the form of baths for rheumatic and gouty joint damage.
A teaspoon with top of roots and leaves of bearberry( bearberry), pour 200 ml of boiling water, insist, drain. Drink to drink 2-3 cups a day.
3 tablespoons herb sheepskin bags pour 400 ml of boiling water( daily rate), insist in a thermos, drain. Applied with rheumatism, gout. Contraindicated in pregnancy and thrombophlebitis.
Prepare napar from elderberry flowers at the rate of 20 g per 1 liter of water. Drink 3 glasses a day. Apply for rheumatism, gout and arthritis.
Teaspoon herbs yarrow brew 200 ml of boiling water, insist and strain. Take from 1 tablespoon to 1/3 cup a day before meals with rheumatism and gout.
2 tablespoons of rhizomes of grassy creeper pour 1 cup of hot water, boil for 5-10 minutes, cool, strain and wring out. Drink 1/3 cup 3 times daily before meals. They are used to treat rheumatism and gout as an anti-inflammatory, diuretic, diaphoretic, and for removing salts from the body.
Tablespoon crushed leaves cranberries pour 200 ml of water, boil for 5-10 minutes. Take 1 tablespoon 3-4 times a day. Keep in a cool place for no more than a day.
4 tablespoons of dried flowers of chamomile pharmacy brew 200 ml of boiling water, boil for 10 minutes and strain. Take 70 ml 3 times a day after meals with rheumatic joint pain.
Pour a teaspoon of dogwood roots with 200 ml of water, boil for 15 minutes. Take 2 tablespoons 3 times a day.
Prepare the broth at the rate of 2 g of herbs of violet fragrant for a glass of boiling water. Take 2-3 tablespoons 3 times a day. In the treatment of rheumatism, it is useful to mix the violet with the leaves of the bean fruit, the corn stalks( with stigmas), the leaves of the bearberry and the kidneys or birch leaves.
30 g of raspberry fruit brew a glass of boiling water. Insist for 20 minutes. Drink at night as a diaphoretic for 2 glasses in 1 reception with chronic rheumatism.
20 g dried clover red flowers pour a glass of boiling water, insist and strain. Take 2-3 tablespoons to 1/2 cup 3 times a day for chronic rheumatism.
5-6 g of powder from the rhizomes of calamus should be drunk with water during the day in between meals or on an empty stomach. It is used for rheumatism, arthritis, joint pain.
Mixture from the herb wild rosemary( 25 g), herbs nettle burning( 15 g) pour 1 liter of boiling water, insist and strain. Drink 100 ml 5-6 times a day.
Grass wild rosemary and mother-and-stepmother mixed equally. A tablespoon of the mixture pour 200 ml of hot water, boil for 5 minutes and strain. Take 1 tablespoon every 2 hours as a diaphoretic in the treatment of rheumatism and gout.
Fresh egg put in a glass and pour acetic essence. At the same time, lightly melt 200 g of unsalted butter and pour an egg with essence. Turn and put in a dark place for 3 days, then mix well. To smear this means with sore spots. Apply from cones on the fingers, heel spurs, from the aches of all kinds.
The roots of the large burdock, the roots of the elecampane are high and the leaves of the walnut are mixed equally. A tablespoon of the ground mixture should be poured into 200 ml of boiling water, boiled for 10 minutes and strain. Drink 1 glass every 3 hours.
Two tablespoons of mixture of herb oregano( 1 part), leaves of mother-and-stepmother( 2 parts), raspberry fruit( 2 parts) pour 400 ml of boiling water, boil for 5-10 minutes and strain. Drink 100 ml in hot form 3-4 times a day.
25 g of pepper fruits of annual pods varieties pour 100 ml of vodka. Tincture used in a mixture with a double amount of sunflower oil for grinding with rheumatism and joint pain.
Ointment for grinding according to the Mexican recipe: camphor - 50 g, mustard in powder - 50 g, alcohol - 100 ml, raw egg white - 100 g. Alcohol pour into a cup and dissolve in it camphor, pour into the resulting solution mustard and stir it. Stir 100 g of protein separately and turn into lipstick. Mix the two together. Get a liquid ointment, which should be rubed dry to 1 time a day before bedtime. Then wipe with damp cloth rubbing sore spots.
A teaspoon of mistletoe grass, white, pour 200 ml of boiling water, insist 8 hours and strain. Apply externally for rheumatism, arthrosis, spondylosis, chronic joint diseases.
50 grams of chopped herb thyme pour 1 liter of boiling water, boil for 5 minutes, drain. Bath( 36-37 ° C) take at night with articular rheumatism, paralysis. The course of treatment: 14-18 baths.
2 tablespoons finely chopped rhizomes of ayr pour 1 liter of boiling water, boil for 20 minutes, insist 30 minutes and strain. The bath( 35-36 ° C) should be taken during the day or at night with rheumatism and gout. The course of treatment: 10-12 baths.
One of the most effective means for the treatment of articular rheumatism is birch buds. Kidneys insist on alcohol or vodka and rub into the joint area. An effective remedy is also an ointment from birch buds. For its preparation it is necessary to take 800 g of fresh unsalted butter and birch buds. In the clay pot, put layers of oil - 1.5 cm, on top of the layer of buds of the same thickness and so on - until the pot is completely filled. Close the lid tightly and cover with dough. To put on a day in a warm place, best of all - in a non-burning oven. After 24 hours, cool, squeeze through gauze. In the resulting oil add 7-8 g of camphor and mix. Store the ointment in a tightly sealed jar in a cool place. Apply with articular rheumatism, rubbing the joints in the evening, before going to bed, 1 time a day.
Along with the treatment of patients with rheumatism, it is recommended every day to eat a celery salad.
( On a nervous basis).Lubricate the feet with gun oil and sunbathe.
One leaf of a large-armored army should be insisted in 0.5 liter of alcohol and used for grinding.
Make an alcohol tincture from twigs of yellow acacia along with leaves and flowers. Take a few drops.
Within 10 days, take 0.2 g "mummy" per day, can be mixed with any butter and yolks from 3 to 4 eggs. The same mixture is applied to the damaged area. Break 10 days.
Drink within 10 days to 0.2 g per night, 5 days break, repeat 3 to 4 courses. At the same time at night make compresses on the affected joints( a solution of 3 g per 100 g of water).
Recipes Wangi with rushes of rheumatism
Make baths in the decoction of decoction.
20 - 30 g of cranberry leaves pour three cups of boiling water, boil for 10 minutes, drain. Drink liquid for 1 day in 3 divided doses.(The agent works well for articular rheumatism.)
During dandelion flowering, it is very useful to eat its milk stems. At this time, the juice of a dandelion is a long-established and proven remedy for rheumatism.
1 tablespoon of white lilac flowers to insist on 0.5 liters of vodka. Use for compresses.
Take a quarter of a pound of aconite roots( you only need to take root, not stalks), fill them with one quart of raki( vodka) or diluted apothecary alcohol 60-degree fortress and put in a warm place for 3 days. When the tincture acquires the color of strong tea, it is suitable for consumption. The dose is one tablespoon of tincture for each rub( and no more). If both legs and hands are numb, only one leg should be rubbed, the next day - the other;then one hand, etc. Tincture to rub dry. Place, subjected to rubbing, keep warm, not allowing the flow of cold air. Rubbing is best done at night. About two hours before the patient gets up from the bed, remove the bandage. In the morning, when the patient rises, that is, two hours after removing the bandage, you should wet a rag in cold water and, squeezing it well, wipe it with a rubbed place. You need to do this quickly. Slow wiping can lead to colds. Drink infusion of root aconite can not, because the aconite is highly toxic.
Take 30 g of crushed medicinal raw material from the root of the oak, fill 500 ml of white wine, insist for a day with frequent shaking, then strain and take half the wine glasses twice a day.
Folk remedies for the treatment of rheumatism:
Diet for rheumatism.
When exacerbation of rheumatism is recommended 3-4 days to apply a fruit diet, and then move on to a balanced diet. The products consumed by the patient must contain a sufficient number of proteins and vitamins( especially vitamin C).Table salt, carbohydrates( sugar, white bread, potatoes), fatty, fried foods, spices, tea, coffee, alcohol should be limited. Useful watermelons, fresh blueberries, as well as jelly, infusions and decoctions of them( 1-2 teaspoons per glass of boiling water), cranberry juice with honey.
Comments of the doctor to folk remedies for rheumatism
Almost always with rheumatism the heart is affected. Joints are less likely to be affected, and in this case the disease proceeds benignly: after a few days joint pains pass, and joint deformities never remain with rheumatism. With the activity of the second - third degree process, inpatient treatment is necessary, and the treatment with medicinal herbs recedes into the background, with activity of the first degree, medicinal herbs can become the main treatment.
For the treatment of rheumatism, plants that have anti-inflammatory, diuretic, immunomodulating, desensitizing, cardiotonic, antimicrobial properties are needed. In the food you can add berries cranberries, cranberries, blueberries, blueberries, currants, as well as onions, horse-radish, garlic. In the active phase, the following fees are recommended:
- herbs of St. John's wort, three-colored violets, string, horsetail, hawthorn fruits, chamomile flowers, pine buds - eight grams to brew in 0.3 liters of boiling water, insist three hours, before eating a third cup;
- herbs adonis, nettles, spores, queues, poplar buds, chamomile flowers, anise fruits, burdock roots, lumbago flowers - like the past;
- flowers of hawthorn, common mountain ash, cowberry leaves, cuffs, labaznika grass, ledum sprouts, sand sedge all plant - eight grams in 0.3 cold water, insist four hours, boil, insist one more hour, drink before meals three times a day0,3 cup;
- grass motherwort, geranium meadow, St. John's wort, oregano, birch leaves, horse chestnut flowers, licorice rootstocks, rosehip fruits, willow white bark - like the past;
- fruits of hawthorn, dog rose, birch leaves, watches, chamomile flowers, yarrow herbs, golden rods, nettles, celandine, sculpin roots, eleutherococcus, burdock - like the previous one;
- leaves of lily of the valley, birch, borage grass, oregano, petals, white rose petals, chamomile flowers, willow white bark - six grams brew into 0.25 liters of boiling water, insist four hours, before meals four times a day for a quarter cup;
- flowers of lily of the valley, linden, tatarnik, nettle grass, heather, St. John's wort, string, field horsetail, ayr rhizome, pine buds, cowberry leaves, white rose petals - like the past;grass leaves motherwort, hyssop, yarrow, celandine, watch leaves, currants black shoots, angelica rhizome, heather shoots, linden flowers - eight grams to brew in 0.35 liters of boiling water, insist two hours, before meals four times a day for half a cup;
- hawthorn flowers, Schizandra seeds, grass lovers, rue, string, violet tricolor, anise fruit, stalk roots, sash beans pods, watch leaves - like the previous;
- roots of burdock, sculpin, icteric grass, St. John's wort, nettle, shepherd's handbag, sand sedge, white petal rose, kidney poplar, chamomile flowers, licorice liquor, rose hips-like the past.
For all patients with rheumatism, you can add strawberry, raspberry, currant( any) leaves, rose hips, flowers and fruits of the viburnum as therapeutic, vitamin and flavor components( in addition, they have useful properties).The treatment with these medicinal herbs is carried out throughout the active period of the disease, changing the fees every two months.
When reaching a stable remission, you can go to smaller collections:
- herbaceous motherwort, nettle, alternate, chamomile flowers;grasses of the mendicant, St. John's wort, oregano, hawthorn flowers;
- herb yarrow, celandine, birch leaves, hawthorn fruits;nettle grass, watch leaves, angelica rhizomes, rose hips fruit;herbs of violet tri-color, St. John's wort, succession, chamomile flowers, watch leaves;
- fruits of anise, dog rose, motherwort grass, birch leaves, currant black shoots;
- herbs of fondant, oregano, three-color violets, alternatives, chamomile flowers, willow white bark;
- fruits of hawthorn, anise, dogrose, angelica rhizome, yarrow herb, celandine.
Young people can add immunomodulating plants: eleutherococcus, lemongrass, ginseng, aralia, zamaniyu, rhodiola rosea.
You can also take baths with the following plants: straw oats, chamomile, leaves and shoots of black poplar, black elderberry, valerian flowers, rhizomes of ayr, juniper fruits, fern shoots, roots of the viburnum, pine needles, birch leaves, clover grass, thyme grass, kidneys and leaves of aspen, kidneys of pine.
In the presence of chronic tonsillitis, as a factor contributing to the development of rheumatism, it is recommended to treat it with medicinal herbs listed in the relevant article.
In the active phase of rheumatism recommended hospitalization, appointed bed rest. For the treatment of drugs recommended that have anti-inflammatory and hyposensitizing effects, such as hormones( corticosteroid), non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, deligil, plakvenil. In the presence of chronic foci of infection, antibacterial drugs are prescribed.
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Rheumatism: treatment with drugs and folk remedies
Joint rheumatism is a chronic or acute inflammation of the joints of a person with classical changes in their structure. It is known that the treatment of rheumatism is difficult, the disease affects the joints of the upper and lower extremities, and inflammation can pass from one joint to another. Very often, the disease suffers several joints at once, which significantly complicates the life of a person and treatment.
In our time, rheumatism has long been not 100% disease of the elderly, it can be diagnosed in young children and adolescents 10-15 years. Such data not only alarm, but also give reason for thinking that it is in childhood that the foundations of what will be manifested by torment in the elderly are laid. Therefore, it is necessary to pay attention to the symptoms of rheumatism, because this will give an opportunity to begin treatment in the early stages.
The main methods of treatment of rheumatism and drugs
To date, there are no so-called specific treatment tools that can provide the necessary positive effect on the patient's health. At the same time, professionally and competently selected supportive therapy, can reduce not only the death rate due to the onset of the disease, but also the disability of certain patients.
There is no single, effective drug for the treatment of rheumatism, therefore, specialists prescribe a whole complex of drugs that can reduce pain and reduce the possibility of a new manifestation of rheumatism.
After the patient has undergone a comprehensive examination with a specialist and the diagnosis of rheumatism has been confirmed, the first step is to take a course of antibiotic therapy( penicillin therapy), which in turn will allow the body to get rid of Group A streptococci. Such treatment should be carried out even in the event that,that at the preliminary examination negative results were obtained for this type of disease.
To administer the drug into the patient's body, an oral method is preferred, which ensures high efficiency and ease of use. This course, can be considered effective only when the full course of the drug in a period of 10 days.
After the end of penicillin therapy, doctors have the opportunity to conduct a re-examination to confirm the results. And further use individual therapy schemes.
Suppressive therapy in the treatment of rheumatism
The use of such drugs as corticosteroids during treatment, in the absence of signs of carditis is not recommended. Arising pain, you can stop using codeine, as well as preparations of salicylic acid. If the treatment is done with salicylic acid-based drugs, then their dose should be increased evenly, until the specialists and the patient himself feel the clinical effect.
Treatment of rheumatism has reached a completely new, higher level. However, methods that could completely cure the disease does not exist.
Rheumatism: treatment with folk remedies
To date, the treatment of rheumatism with folk remedies is becoming more popular, despite the active development of official medicine. This is not surprising, mainly due to the fact that medicine does not have the ability to fully cure rheumatism in humans.
Traditional medicine that has gone through the ages and has some ways of treating the most complex diseases, to the surprise of most, show excellent results. For the treatment of rheumatism with folk methods offers a variety of herbal medicinal herbs and trimmings for the joints. Below are a few recipes, but before using them, be sure to consult with your doctor.
- Onions. You need to cut 3 bulbs, cut them and cook 15 minutes in a liter of water. Take the broth is necessary in the morning and before going to bed, write a full glass. Also in the treatment of onions can be used compresses, mashed onions can be applied to the joints for 30 minutes, repeat the procedure 2-3 times a day.
- Potatoes. Also often use compresses of mashed potatoes, for this it is necessary to put the grated potatoes in cloth and wrap around the legs, from above to roll up the shawl or other heating object. Keep it all night. You can do such a compress every 2 days. To improve, you can eat potatoes inside, you need to drink half a glass a day and so every day for a month.
- St. John's Wort. An excellent remedy for rheumatism, it is necessary to pour 10 grams of St. John's wort with 1 liter of water and boil for 30 minutes. For a day in the 3 approaches you need to drink the whole liter, drink best before meals.
Also from rheumatism help grass: celery, pine buds, pine needles, lilac flowers, cowberry, blueberries. Recipes are almost waste, it is necessary to take in the broth of herbs 3 times a day.