Symptoms of coxarthrosis of the hip joint of the 2nd degree and its treatment
There is practically no cartilaginous tissue in the diseased joint and the bone is injured
Coxarthrosis is a disease that affects the joint and cartilage tissues in the human body. The disease has several degrees of development. It is advisable to begin rehabilitation at an early stage. Treatment of coxarthrosis of the third degree can be delayed for a long time and sometimes requires surgical intervention.
Symptoms of coxarthrosis may not appear for a long time. But sooner or later they will make themselves felt. The first sign of the disease is severe pain in the joints, swelling and swelling of the skin. The more coxarthrosis develops, the stronger its symptoms become. When the first signs of the disease appear, you should consult a doctor without delay.
Basic medicines for the treatment of arthrosis
How to treat coxarthrosis? If the disease is just beginning to develop, the methods of traditional medicine can help the patient. But most often patients seek medical help when the disease reaches 2 or 3 stages of development. In this case, prescribe drugs. Coxarthrosis of the hip joint of the 2nd degree is treated primarily with the help of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Such medications ensure the speedy restoration of the damaged joint.
Drugs can be injected or administered orally. First of all, such medicines are aimed at eliminating inflammation, which provokes a destructive process in the joint bag. The use of nonsteroidal drugs should be limited in time, as they can disrupt the natural function of cartilage regeneration. Such drugs do not have a negative effect on the entire body. They should not be used only in patients with an individual intolerance to certain components of the drug. A doctor can prescribe to a patient only one medication for one appointment.
X-ray image of healthy and aching joints
Treatment of coxarthrosis involves the use of vasodilator drugs. These drugs are aimed at restoring blood circulation in the affected area. They can also be injected into the joint itself. Vasodilator drugs relax the walls of blood vessels and contribute to the normalization of outflow and blood flow. They have practically no contraindications.
You can take such medications only in quantities that have been prescribed by your doctor. Vasodilator drugs relieve many symptoms of arthrosis. The effectiveness of the drug depends entirely on the tolerability of the components that make up its composition. The patient is not immediately prescribed a full course of such medications. First, a person takes the drug for several days in order to understand whether there will be some effect from it or not. In case of a positive result, the doctor writes a full course.
Treatment of coxarthrosis of stage 3 is impossible without the use of chondroprotectors. These drugs prevent the destruction of cartilage, restore its natural ability to regenerate, moisten dry tissues and remove muscle spasm. The result from the use of such medications is not immediately apparent, but today it is the most effective tool in the fight against arthrosis.
Coxarthrosis of the third degree provides for the use of such drugs as muscle relaxants. Treatment should be done very carefully and under strict medical supervision. These medications are aimed at relaxing the muscles. If the drug is injected, then the treatment should be limited to three injections.
Ignore these medications is impossible, because they have a positive effect on the patient's body. If you do not start applying them on time, the disability of the patient may become a consequence. Muscle relaxants help to get rid of muscle spasm, which often becomes a cause of jamming of nerves near the inflamed joints. In this case, an overdose of the drug may lead to dizziness and partial numbness of the limbs.
Hormonal steroid medications are usually injected into the patient's body through injections. These drugs have a good effect on the body, affect not only the affected area, but also any other inflammation in the body. The result from the use of hormonal steroid medicines is not always long. Such medications are not suitable for everyone, because they have a long list of contraindications and various side effects. Between each injection should take at least 15 days. Frequent use of such drugs may have the opposite effect.
In the treatment of the knee joint, it is necessary not only to have an internal effect on the affected area, but also the external one. Therefore, the use of ointments and gels is an integral part of effective treatment. Also useful are lotions and compresses.
Exposure to the joint outside should occur daily. You can do special compresses and warming, which will help reduce swelling, eliminate inflammation and remove reddening of the skin. The use of ointments makes it possible to relieve the pain syndrome and improve blood circulation in the affected area.
Physiotherapy methods of arthrosis treatment
If coxarthrosis treatment has not been started on time, it can lead to disability. In order to avoid such consequences, it is necessary to supplement the usual medical treatment regimen and make additional impact on the body. Physiotherapy can have a positive effect in the treatment of arthrosis.This is a whole range of procedures that doctors offer to patients. This includes ultrasound treatment, laser application, magnetotherapy, UHF treatment. In some cases, the impact of these methods of rehabilitation on the body can be questioned. Let's say that physiotherapy can not repair a damaged joint or begin to stimulate cartilage to regenerate itself. However, similar methods of treatment contribute to the removal of pain syndrome and other symptoms of coxarthrosis of the hip joint of the 2nd degree. Physiotherapy helps improve blood circulation in the affected parts of the body. The duration and strength of the effect depends only on the patient's body.
For any degree of progression of coxarthrosis, the patient is given a massage course. This is an important element of therapy, and you should take it seriously. The correct medical massage helps to relax muscles and eliminate spasms in the injured part of the body. Massage restores the right inflow and outflow of blood, allows you to return joints and ligaments elasticity.
Such an impact can not eliminate disability and help a seriously ill patient. But this is an excellent preventive method of combating arthrosis. You can combine different types of massage and work on muscles in various ways. The main thing is that such treatment would bring a visible result.
Additional methods of treatment and prevention
Prevention of arthrosis takes an important place in the course of rehabilitation. It is important not only to cure the patient, but also to prevent the further appearance of the disease. Often as a preventive method, joint extension is used. Such a procedure will suit both patients who have coxarthrosis at the stage of development, and those who have a disability. Extension of the joints is carried out by traction apparatus or manually.
If the patient has joints other than joint and cartilage damage, then such treatment will bring a visible result. After the course of the procedures, the patient will be significantly bred, and the load that they receive is reduced. And the manual method of traction, and the hardware have their advantages. The effect of both methods of impact on the joint is almost the same. If you decide to choose a manual method of therapy, then choose a good doctor who will be able to carry out such a time-consuming procedure.
Diet for coxarthrosis does not always affect the patient's condition. In some cases, doctors advise nevertheless to refrain from consuming heavily salted, fatty and spicy food. Diet for arthrosis is most often prescribed for patients who suffer from excessive weight. Excess kilograms exert additional strain on damaged joints, and treatment may not be very effective in this case. The smaller the patient's weight, the easier it will be to overcome coxarthrosis.
If coxarthrosis occurs in a patient in chronic form, then it can be treated with physical exercises. It should be noted that the use of this method of treatment is prohibited when the disease is in acute form. The course of gymnastics must be performed regularly and under the supervision of a trainer, who will be able to evaluate the correctness of the performance of the elements.
Physiotherapy with coxarthrosis, as with any type of joint damage, gives an effective effect and helps the patient to get in shape faster. Such exercises will significantly strengthen the muscles, increase the elasticity of the binding tissue and improve blood circulation.
Symptoms and treatment of coxarthrosis of the 2nd degree of the hip
Coxarthrosis of the hip joint( abbreviated TBS) is a disease in which the cartilage that forms the articular surfaces of the TBS, and the bone and the bone, are destroyed. These changes lead to pain during movement and impairment of joint mobility, which invariably affects the quality of life.
According to the X-ray examination of patients, there are 4 stages of coxarthrosis:
First degree: signs are minor, allow to doubt the diagnosis.
Coxarthrosis of the hip joint of the 2nd degree: minimal changes are visible on the X-ray. The gap between the head of the femur and the acetabulum is slightly narrowed, there are single bony expansions( osteophytes).
The third stage is characterized by moderate changes: at this stage, osteophytes are found in large numbers, and the joint gap is greatly narrowed.
Fourth - the last stage of the disease, in which pronounced changes are visible on the radiographs: the joint gap practically disappears, gross coarse growth occurs.
Coxarthrosis is less common than arthrosis of the knee joint;3-5% of people over 50 years old suffer from this disease.
Treatment for coxarthrosis of the 2nd degree consists of activities that the patient can perform himself: exercise therapy, walking, physiotherapy medication.
Further in the article we will talk in detail about the disease: from whom it develops, which has characteristic symptoms, how to treat the disease.
What happens with coxarthrosis of the 2nd degree
At this stage of the disease, the articular cartilage is just beginning to collapse. It becomes friable, covered with cracks.
Chondrocyte cells responsible for the formation of cartilaginous tissue, when osteoarthritis, do not work at full strength, because of which, without treatment, the cartilage continues to deteriorate. They also produce substances that provoke inflammation, as well as enzymes that dissolve the cartilage and break its structure even more.
To stop the process started in the body, treatment with medicines is required.
Causes of the disease
Hip coxarthrosis is a chronic disease that inevitably progresses without therapy.
Absence of treatment or improper treatment of the disease at the 1st stage is the cause of the development of the 2nd degree of the disease.
People with overweight, farmers and football players have an increased propensity to develop the disease( which is associated with occupational traumas of the TBS area during work and training).
In the risk group - overweight people, farmers and soccer players
And yet it is genetics is the determining factor in whether a person will suffer from coxarthrosis in adulthood or not. Recent studies have convincingly proved that in 80% of cases the hip joints are affected by osteoarthritis in those people who have congenital malformations of TBC( subluxation or hip dysplasia).
Classical signs of a disease:
- pain in the hip joint when moving;
- stiffness in the joint after waking for 5-30 minutes;
- decrease in the volume of possible movements in TBS.
- it is difficult for the patient to lean on the leg from the side of the lesion: the limb is unstable or pain is aggravated;
- when moving, a crunch may appear.
Also with coxarthrosis of the hip joint of the 2nd degree, symptoms may be absent altogether.
Treatment of coxarthrosis of 2nd degree
The main method of treatment of deforming coxarthrosis of the 2 nd degree is medicines.
reduces pain and inflammation,
restores the destroyed cartilage.
1. Medications against pain and inflammation
It is usually pain that leads patients with coxarthrosis of 2nd degree to admission to an orthopedist or rheumatologist. As a means of rapid care, a rheumatologist usually prescribes a medicine for one of the following 4 groups:
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs( NSAIDs) of indiscriminate action
These are diclofenac, indomethacin, ibuprofen. These drugs are good for pain and inflammation, but they are not recommended for a long time, because they all cause bleeding in the digestive tract.
This group of drugs manufacturers produce in tablets, as well as gels and ointments for external use. If the pain is moderate, and the radiograph shows changes that are characteristic of grade 2 disease - the use of even local medications can relieve pain and restore good health.
NSAIDs are released in the form of tablets, injectable solutions and ointments
Everyone knows the drug helps not only at temperature, but also with joint damage. With coxarthrosis of the 2nd degree, when the pains are usually not too pronounced, it is paracetamol that can become a "means of choice", because it is safe enough for long-term admission, it gives a good analgesic effect, but is inexpensive. Feedback on the treatment of paracetamol in coxarthrosis of 2 degrees indicate that in most cases, stronger drugs are not required for patients.
Selective Action NSDs
If paracetamol does not manage to attenuate the symptoms of the disease, the drugs of this group are used: nimesulide, celecoxib, rofecoxib, etorikoksib. They powerfully anesthetize and suppress inflammation and have almost no effect on the work of the stomach and intestines.
Very strong analgesics of the narcotic series, such as tramadol, are used with coxarthrosis of the hip joint of the 2nd degree very rarely. Usually the indications for this are a very low pain threshold of the patient with simultaneous development of an exacerbation of the disease, which manifests itself as the most severe pain.
2. Chondroprotectors for the restoration of cartilage
To stop the destruction of cartilage and restore it, chondroprotectors are used: preparations of chondroitin( chondroitin sulfate) and glucosamine.
Both these and other agents have proven effectiveness: with prolonged long-term admission, they reliably improve the condition of the hip joints in hip coxarthrosis 2 and even 3 degrees.
Chondroitin sulfate is produced under the trade name "Structum", a combined remedy of the two listed preparations - called "Teraflex".
Chondroprotectors are safe for health, practically have no contraindications, therefore they are used for years, including elderly people with serious concomitant diseases.
If glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate do not give their positive effects in the form of pain and cartilage repair, in addition to them, the doctor can prescribe avocado and soya preparations that also act as chondroprotectors, protecting and restoring cartilage of TBS.
Non-pharmacological treatment of
It is possible to help yourself in the second stage of the disease by performing an uncomplicated complex of exercises of physiotherapy exercises without a static load on the joints. Suitable, for example, exercises such as "bicycle" in the supine position. Beneficial to the condition of the hip joint affects swimming in the pool, walking and skiing.
From physio procedures, pain can be warm or cold warmer, ultrasound effect on the joints, acupuncture.
Coxarthrosis of the 2nd degree is a disease that requires attentive treatment. To treat coxarthrosis of the hip joint at home is quite possible: it is enough to get a one-time consultation of a rheumatologist and follow the recommendations developed by him. Control examinations every 6 to 12 months will help control the disease and correct treatment tactics in time( if necessary).
With a serious approach to the disease on the part of the patient itself, very good results can be achieved until the pain in the pelvic region disappears completely and the joints return to good mobility.
Author: Elena Delver
Coxarthrosis of the 2nd degree: methods of treatment of the disease
Even if coxarthrosis of the 2nd degree is diagnosed, treatment of the disease can be successfully performed by conservative methods. One of the conditions for the effectiveness of measures taken is the complexity of treatment, where an important role is played by a sparing regimen of physical activity. There is a common opinion: when there is any type of arthrosis, you need to move as little as possible and disturb the joints. This is not true. If you exclude any load, joint deformity, which is characterized by coxarthrosis of 2, 3 degrees, it will be impossible to stop even with the help of surgery. If there is arthrosis, then playing sports, hard physical labor will have to be excluded from your life. They should be replaced by a set of exercises LFK, physiotherapy procedures that can help the body.
medications It is completely impossible to cure coxarthrosis, but there is a chance to stop the disease if you take the joints correctly. At the 2nd, 3rd stage of the disease, if medications do not help, surgical intervention and endoprosthetics may be required. Can this scenario be avoided? Doctors say that yes, if the patient began to treat the disease in time. But, as practice shows, the majority of people turn to medical institutions, when the second stage of the disease progresses and there are pronounced pain symptoms that do not always exist at the initial stage. Drug therapy coxarthrosis is conducted in several directions and covers different groups of symptoms. Osteoarthritis is treated with:
- anti-inflammatory and vasodilating drugs;
- means relaxing muscles;
- chondroprotectors and steroids.
Each patient for treatment of drugs are selected individually, taking into account the degree of damage to the joints, the characteristics of age and health. Anti-inflammatory drugs in the treatment of the disease occupy a special place. They are necessary to remove puffiness, not to allow the development of inflammation. But treatment with the use of such drugs has the opposite side: most modern anti-inflammatory drugs treating coxarthrosis of the 2nd degree, aggravates stomach ulcer.
The most safe of them is "Movalis", which is effectively used in the treatment of progressive inflammatory processes in the joint tissues. At all stages of the disease, the use of vasodilators is necessary. To effectively treat coxarthrosis, it is necessary to ensure a qualitative blood supply to the joint. This task is solved by vasodilators, which have virtually no contraindications and bring results even at the most difficult, 3rd degree of the disease. The most widely used in this direction trental, tsinarezin. Preparations, relaxing muscles, are appointed by the attending physician already at the initial stage of the disease. They are not anesthetics, but they help to get rid of the pain symptoms observed at different stages of the disease. One such medication is "Midokalm".But most of these drugs have strong side effects. They can cure pain, but at the same time become a "happy owner" of dizziness and slow reactions.
Measures for restoring cartilage tissue are vital for any degree of ailment. For their implementation, the use of arteparone, glucosamine and other chondroprotectors. Restoration of cartilage continues after discontinuation of the drug, which distinguishes the treatment of chondroprotectors. This group of drugs has virtually no contraindications, drugs are issued in various forms. The variant, how to treat them, is chosen by the doctor depending on the degree of destruction of the joint tissues by destructive changes. Can I treat joint diseases with hormonal drugs?100% get rid of the disease they can not, but in some cases, hormonal drugs help slow down coxarthrosis. After all, changes in the joint tissues are directly related to the hormonal system. In women coxarthrosis often appears during menopause or pregnancy, when the hormonal system is characterized by violations of varying severity.
About ointments, physiotherapy, exercises and folk remedies
Various ointments, compresses, lotions facilitate the patient's condition only at the beginning of the disease, but they are practically ineffective at 3 degrees of the disease.
However, they are used to reduce puffiness and improve blood circulation. Treatment with ointments, compresses, lotions is considered ineffective, because the substances used for the procedures do not fall on the joint tissue that has affected coxarthrosis. As for physiotherapeutic procedures, they are aimed at improving blood circulation. Laser, ultrasound, magnets, electricity can be effectively used and the last degree of ailment, if there are no contraindications. Massage is also necessary to improve blood circulation around the joints. It can be used for patients of any age, but during the bouts of the procedure are strictly prohibited. Treatment with a massage must be regulated by a doctor who prescribes the duration and frequency of procedures.
Other ways to combat the disease
Treatment with the help of joint extension is actively promoted on non-specialized medical resources. Such treatment is carried out with the help of a special device or manually. There are different points of view, which of the methods is best used for the 2nd degree of the disease. The manual procedure allows for more accurate correction, but the risk of irreparably damaging the joints with it is still high. As for physical therapy, its exercises, like medical therapy, are selected strictly individually, otherwise you can also cause irreparable harm. There are two requirements for exercise of exercise therapy: they should not be traumatic and exacerbate the pain that coxarthrosis carries. The best option is to perform them in water, where the muscles relax, pressure on the joints decreases, whose deformation is already characteristic of the second stage of the disease. Specialists recommend performing exercise therapy in salt water, which increases the positive effect and facilitates the condition of patients.
Traditional medicine has considerable experience in combating the disease. Grinded and mixed in equal parts with leaves of eucalyptus, mint, aloe, you can remove pain and inflammation. Rubbing of bee venom and fir oil greatly facilitate the state of the second stage of the disease. Compresses from honey, aloe, vodka and are a classic of traditional medicine. These components are used together and separately as scraps, which can significantly reduce swelling and pain.
Osteoarthritis of 2nd degree - symptoms and effective treatment
- 4.4 Diet
Causes of arthrosis
The main cause leading to arthrosis is incorrect and untimely treatment of the primary stage of this disease. In this case, only a certain thinning of the cartilage and loss of its working properties are observed. The second stage implies a significant destruction of the cartilaginous tissue, as a result of which the bones become bare and experience unwanted friction.
To a greater extent such organ damage is attributed to age-related manifestations, but young people are also susceptible to it. Specific factors cause arthrosis.
- Injuries - posttraumatic arthrosis.
- Disturbances in the metabolic processes of the body.
- Some diseases that are infectious or autoimmune in nature.
- Flat-footed, as well as long-term static loads.
- The problems that arise in the vessels of the lower limbs, which causes insufficient supply of cartilage tissue.
- Irreversible age changes.
Symptomatology of arthrosis diseases
To treat arthrosis of 2 degrees is quite difficult. In this case, time is already lost and the appeal to the people's means becomes hopeless. The disease progresses, and the joints begin to significantly deform. The characteristic signs on which it is possible to determine the presence of the disease can be identified:
- joint pain;
- feels some stiffness or stiffness of the joint;
- the amplitude of the necessary movements is limited.
Symptoms occur more often under stress, weakening and receding after sufficient rest. For the present there is no constant sharp pain. Diagnosing the disease at this stage is not difficult. An x-ray examination clearly shows a decrease in the joint gap.
Basic types of arthrosis
Since this lesion affects all the joints of the body, it can be observed in specific joints.
Osteoarthritis 2 and the subsequent degree of the shoulder joint can be determined by impairing the freedom of movement of the hands. For the first stage only painful sensations are characteristic, the second is manifested by persistent strong pains and complete limitation of movements. It is impossible to raise a hand to try to get something or just scratch it.
Pain can continue even in the static position of the hands. The most dangerous and severe form of this disease is arthrosis deforming.
Symptomatic of arthritis of the foot is similar to manifestations of arthritis. But arthrosis at 2 degrees of foot has its own peculiarities:
- in joints can appear characteristic crunch;
- physical activities are accompanied by unstable blunt pains, which can intensify in wet and cold weather;
- awakening can be accompanied by stiffness of movements, and mobility of joints is limited during the day;
- gradually deforms the joints, which is caused by bony proliferation;
- changes the gait and position of the body due to the desire to relieve the diseased part of the foot;
- area of the affected area is periodically swollen;
- the temperature rises;
- appear specific calluses, working capacity decreases;
- function of the joints are broken, and their thickening occurs.
If untimely treatment, degenerative processes will increase, which will form a permanent pain syndrome.
Osteoarthritis in 2 degrees of the hip joint is characterized by severe pain manifestations. In this case, pain is observed not only in the joint itself, but also in the thigh and in the groin. Unpleasant sensations can occur even if the body is in a static state.
Continuous walking can cause lameness. The femoral joint bends poorly and unbends, and the muscles are markedly thinned. The second stage of the disease sometimes involves treatment with surgery.
This type of arthrosis is the least common. Most often it occurs as a result of injury - a fracture or dislocation. The course of the disease is accompanied by a crunch and pain during the bending or extension of the joint until it stops.
The mobility of the joint is reduced by 30-50%, and no external manifestations are observed. The hygroma of the wrist joint in the photo is very similar to the manifestation of arthrosis. But this is only outward, and the deformation becomes noticeable only on the condition that it appeared due to a fracture with displacement.
People of some professions may also suffer from this arthrosis. This is especially true for workers who constantly handle jackhammers or vibrators.
Arthrosis of the second degree, affecting the knee joint, accompany the pain in any movement. They cease only when lying down. Especially painful are the first steps after a night awakening or after a long stay in one position. This type of pain is given the name of "starters".
The friction between the surfaces of the joints contributes to the painful manifestations, and the constant tension of the shin and thigh muscles prevents the normal bending of the knee. Muscle tension also causes pain and a feeling of fatigue in the leg, which limits the mobility of a person. Requires the use of support when walking.
The patient diagnosed with arthrosis of the 2nd degree is long and rather complicated. Its main tasks are:
- relieving the suffering of the patient;
- localization and arrest of the disease;
- prevention of the onset of disability.
The main means of treatment can be divided into medicament, physiotherapy and diets. If the conservative treatment is ineffective, a situation may arise that a surgical operation will be required.
There are traditional tools used to treat arthrosis. These are:
- preparations from the group of non-steroids that relieve inflammation;
- preparations that dilate the vessels.
Chondroprotectors are also very effective. They contribute to the restoration of cartilaginous tissue. Good results are observed when hyaluronic acid is injected into the joints. It is able to partially replace the synovial fluid and stimulates the regeneration of the cartilage.
This type of treatment is more often used for arthrosis of the knee joints. When the violation of their function is clearly expressed and the cartilage is completely destroyed, surgical methods are used:
- endoprosthetics - the damaged area is replaced by an artificial one;
- osteotomy - bone deformities are removed;
- arthroscopic manipulation - removal from the joint cavity of particles of the destroyed cartilage and the introduction of drugs.
Arthrosis of the second degree can be treated not only medically or operatively. It is possible to alleviate pain symptoms with physiotherapy methods. Widely used and very effective:
Coxarthrosis is a pathology that causes deforming of the hip joint. The disease with severe consequences, requiring immediate action in treatment, changes in the diet, and the whole way of life in general.
Causes of Coxarthrosis
The cause of the disease is believed to be circulatory disorders in the osseous articulation. Lack of blood leads to the accumulation of metabolic products that settle on the joint surface. Even to the causes of the disease carry:
- excessive mechanical overload of the joint. This factor is inherent in many athletes or people with excess body weight;
- hormonal shift;
- changes in biochemical reactions in the body;
- disturbance of metabolic processes;
- injury. After severe injuries, Coxarthrosis begins to develop even in adolescence;
- necrotic disintegration of the head of the hip joint;
- flat feet and curvature of the spine;
- congenital pathology - dysplasia or dislocation of the thigh;
- chronic hypodynamia;
- age changes.
Symptoms of coxarthrosis of 2nd degree
The second degree of arthrosis is manifested by aggravation of the symptoms of stage 1 of the disease. The breakdown in the supply of hyaline cartilage is only exacerbated. The fabric slowly begins to break down. Its fragments are mixed with the intra-articular fluid, swim in it, which is reflected by the growing pain syndrome.
The pathological proliferation of bone tissue begins. Its edges strongly thicken, appear outgrowths - thorns. At 2 degrees of Arthrosis they do not have large sizes, but they already interfere with normal gait, and the person begins to limp. Lameness is not permanent, it can disappear after a long rest. But long walks are given to a man more and more difficult.
Pain has a characteristic feature - it is not limited only to the hip joint, but has a "spilled" character. Most often, pain sensations are noted in the groin, in the region of the thigh, fuzzy irradiation is tracked to the knee area. The muscular strength decreases noticeably, especially when the hip is extended and developed.
The work of the whole articular structure is broken. The ease of movement disappears, and the limb in the joint starts to work a little hard. Birth stiffness in the joint, acutely felt after a night's sleep.
Treatment of coxarthrosis of the 2nd degree
Even the most effective medicines will not bring the desired effect if the sick person does not reduce the load on the joints of
. The second degree of Coxarthrosis requires long-term treatment aimed not only at reducing the manifestations of the disease, but also to eradicate the causes of its occurrence.
The more the bone joint is loaded, the greater the rate of its destruction!
But this is not enough. To relieve the pain syndrome, even at grade 2 Coxarthrosis, pain relief is sometimes required. They are taken in tableted form or very rarely at this stage, make intraarticular injections.
Along with anesthetics, anti-inflammatory drugs that relate to the non-steroidal group of medications are also good at dealing with discomfort. They quickly reduce the inflammatory process, have anti-edematous effect. Short courses of Diclofenac, Ibuprofen tablets can improve a person's condition in just a few days.
When the inflammatory process has decreased, a long course of chondroprotectors should be taken. The effect of chondroprotectors is aimed at improving the state of hyaline tissue, increasing the production of lubricant, reducing the stiffness of the osseous articulation, preventing "drying out" of the cartilaginous plates. Usually these drugs are taken within a year.
How can I treat Coxarthrosis without medications?
Treatment with medical products is better combined with a course of physiotherapy procedures. They not only anesthetize, but also improve the nutrition of the periarticular tissues. Do not forget that by means of electrophoresis you can inject some drugs directly into the joint area!
The real "scourge" of Coxarthrosis is a muscle spasm. Spasmodic muscles contribute to the growth of pain syndrome. They can affect the processes of metabolism in tissues, hyaline cartilage will begin to receive even fewer nutrients, oxygen.
A real healing elixir for patients with joints is mud baths or radon baths. These balneological procedures can be well combined with paraffin and ozocerite applications. These two natural "healers" are able to give an unexpectedly good result. But just remember that you should plan your trip to a sanatorium only during a persistent remission and after consulting with your local therapist.
Therapeutic massage was treated by Coxarthros, our ancestors are still distant, and in today's medicine it is used widely enough. Massage parlors function in every respectable orthopedic clinic or center. Qualitative massage, especially in tandem with sparing, carefully selected exercises will allow you to quickly get rid of a serious articular pathology.
Acupuncture and manual therapy are somewhat forgotten in our high-tech age. But after all, exposure to biologically active zones on our body can "wake up" the latent possibilities of the body, improve nerve conduction, effectively and long-term relieve muscular spasm. So is it worth to give up natural "doping"?
Surgical treatment of the 2nd degree of the disease
Arthroscopic debridementWhen the disease has already reached the 2nd stage of development, arthroscopic debridement is indicated. It is performed by means of an arthroscope. The essence of the intervention is to remove the remnants of hyaline tissue, which will reduce the stiffness of the osseous joint, almost completely passes the pain.
But arthroscopic debridement is not a panacea. The effect of the procedure continues to be felt for several years, but then the symptomatic picture of Coxarthrosis returns. For later stages of the disease, this manipulation is considered unfit.
Diet for Coxarthrosis 2 degrees
It is impossible to cure ailment if you neglect the rules of healthy eating. Especially you need to keep track of the weight of your own weight. Remember that with this degree of the disease, pain increases and joint stiffness appears, and they will involuntarily reduce your physical activity. The lack of mobility of a person entails an increase in weight, therefore, exclude fatty, sweet dishes from food, not to mention fast food.
Enrich the diet with products rich in potassium, gelatin, vitamins, calcium. Therefore in the daily menu include:
- dairy products in any form;
- thick low-fat buns, jellies, jellies, gelatinous desserts;
- bananas, potatoes, all kinds of nuts.
Eat often, in fractions, do not let the feeling of hunger, do not use strict diets. Cartilage tissue should not lack a quality and useful nutritious products.
How to treat coxarthrosis of the hip joint of the 2nd degree with folk remedies
Folk medicine at grade 2 Coxarthrosis gives a good curative effect, but only as one of the healing methods. Folk remedies help to reduce the intensity of manifestation of a symptomatic picture, reduce pain and slow down the destruction of the osseous joint.
With Coxarthrosis it is useful to take decoctions prepared from anti-inflammatory herbs. The most common of them - chamomile, St. John's wort, linden, anti-inflammatory pharmacy. Herbal decoctions can replace the usual tea, drink instead of water. But you need to remember that herbs are the strongest allergens, because if you take the drug for the first time, it is better to drink half a dose of liquid!
At home, they prepare ointments and rubbers. Ointment is made on the basis of animal fats, most often it is the internal fat of birds( goose, duck) and pigs. In some cases, animal fats are replaced with vegetable oil of the first pressing. Through the skin pores is better to penetrate is not refined olive and corn oil.
Bee venom, medical bile, finely ground herbs, poplar or birch buds are introduced into the melted and slightly cooled fat basis. For lapping, tinctures on an alcohol basis are suitable. As a rule, store such a medicine at room temperature, in a tightly closed container, away from the light.
Do not forget about the healing effect of compresses. The solution for compresses is often made not only on an alcohol basis, but also uses strong infusions of anti-inflammatory injuries. All kinds of compresses are best done at night.
The room where you will be should be warm, but the area of the compress must be further insulated with a woolen cloth or a downy shawl. When setting the compress, it is better to use parchment paper, the food film creates unfavorable conditions for the skin, which is fraught with a violation of their integrity.
Coxarthrosis. Treatment of the hip joint of varying degrees of disease.
Coxarthrosis - deforming arthrosis of the hip joint. Coxarthrosis of joints develops usually after forty years. Women are sick slightly more often than men. The disease can affect both one and both hip joints( bilateral coxarthrosis).But even in the case of a bilateral defeat, one joint usually becomes ill first, and only then the second.disability with coxarthrosis
Causes of coxarthrosis
The causes of coxarthrosis can be different, but the picture of the disease is always the same. It all starts with a change in the articular cartilage, which is thinned and loses the property of absorbing the load. Stratification of cartilaginous tissue body compensates for the formation of bone growth along the edge of articular surfaces, which leads to deformation of joints and bones of different degrees.
The main causes of coxarthrosis are associated with a fixed lifestyle or other diseases. One of the causes of the disease is the constant restriction of mobility, for example, with sedentary work the risk of coxarthrosis of the hip joint is high, it is not possible to treat it without changing the way of life. Soon the disease will return, if after the treatment leave everything as is.
The second cause of coxarthrosis is often excessive load, resulting in systematic microtrauma, as well as injury to the joints. Most often it occurs in people engaged in heavy physical labor or professional athletes. In this case, treatment without changing the lifestyle or limiting the workload is also ineffective and often accompanied by relapses.
Often the causes of coxarthrosis are such diseases as congenital hip dislocation, hip dysplasia, and some others. Diagnosis is carried out using X-rays, which help to detect the growth of articular surfaces. Magnetic resonance imaging( MRI) can identify the disease in the early stages, so it is considered a fairly effective method of diagnosis.
Symptoms of coxarthrosis
The most common symptom in the beginning of the disease for patients with coxarthrosis is the appearance of minor pain when walking or by the end of the day. As a rule, patients with coxarthrosis do not pay attention to this pain and do not receive treatment. In some cases, patients in the beginning are concerned not with pain, but with pulling sensations in the groin. In the future, the intensity of the pain syndrome in walking is usually increased, patients note that they can go less without stopping, in the evening and at night after a greater than usual physical load, a severe aching pain in the hip joint area is disturbed.
Pain in coxarthrosis
In most cases it is the development of the pain syndrome that causes the patient to seek medical help. Some patients turn to friends, friends, etc.and according to their advice, they are treated independently, taking all kinds of drugs uncontrollably, and analgesics. However, over time, the pain with coxarthrosis becomes more and more permanent, reaching a constant character when walking, and its intensity is greatly enhanced. Analgesics in most cases either do not help or their effect is significantly reduced.
Degrees of coxarthrosis
Coxarthrosis of the 1st degree. Periodically after physical exertion( long walking, running), there are pains in the hip joint area, less often in the thigh or knee area. As a rule, after rest the pain passes. The amplitude of movements in the joint is not limited, muscle strength is not changed, the gait is not broken. On the roentgenograms, slight bony growths that do not extend beyond the joint lip are visible. Usually they are located around the outer or inner edge of the articular surface of the acetabulum. The head and neck of the femur are practically unchanged. The incisors of the joint are unevenly slightly narrowed.
Coxarthrosis of 2nd degree .The pains are more intense, they irradiate into the thigh, the groin area, arise at rest. After a long walk there is lameness. The function of the joint is impaired. First of all, internal rotation and hip removal are limited, i.e.forming a flexural and leading contracture. The strength of the muscles withdrawing and extending the thigh decreases, their hypotension and hypotrophy are determined. On the roentgenogram, significant bony growths are seen along the outer and inner margins of the acetabulum, extending beyond the cartilaginous lip. Mark deformation of the head of the femur, its increase and contour irregularity. Cysts can form in the most loaded part of the head and acetabulum. The neck of the femur is thickened and dilated. The joint gap is unevenly narrowed( up to 1 / 3-1 / 4 of the original height).The tendency to shift the head of the femur to the top is determined.
Coxarthrosis of the 3rd degree. Pains are permanent, occur even at night. When walking, patients are forced to use a cane. There is a sharp restriction of all movements in the joint( flexion-leading contracture) and gluteus in the gluteal muscles, as well as the muscles of the thigh and lower leg. There may be a positive Trendelenburg symptom. The flexor-leading contracture causes an increase in pelvic incline and an increase in lumbar lordosis. The pelvic incline in the frontal plane, associated with the weakness of the hamstrings, leads to a functional shortening of the limb on the side of the lesion. The patient is forced to step on the toes to reach the floor, and tilt the trunk to the affected side while walking, to compensate for the pelvic tilt and shortening of the limb. Such a compensation mechanism leads to the movement of the center of gravity and the overload of the joint. On radiographs, extensive bone growths are determined from the side of the roof of the acetabulum and the head of the femur, a sharp narrowing of the joint gap. The neck of the femur is considerably widened and shortened.
Treatment of joint coxarthrosis
Treatment in connection with the absence of a single pathogenetic mechanism of the disease development is symptomatic, aimed at reducing pain syndrome and statodynamic disorders of the musculoskeletal system. In this case, it is necessary to take into account the stage of the disease, the age of the patient, his general condition and the specific features of the clinical manifestations.
coxarthrosis how to treat
Treatment of coxarthrosis 1 degree
Coxarthrosis 1 degree is most easily treated, and with timely treatment, joint therapy is quick and painless. Often, coxarthrosis 1 degree is treated at home under normalized loads. In the course of treatment, analgesics and non-hormonal anti-inflammatory drugs are prescribed in combination with normalization of metabolic processes in the cartilage of the joint. Auxiliary treatment of coxarthrosis of 1 degree - treatment with folk remedies, physiotherapy exercises, massage.
Treatment of coxarthrosis of 2nd degree
Certainly, it is impossible to completely cure it, because with arthrosis of the second stage, not only the cartilage of the joint, but also its bones are damaged - they are perceptibly deformed. And it is clear that it is almost impossible to return the former form to the deformed bones. But it is possible to significantly improve the condition of the patient's joints by increasing the special methods of feeding the cartilaginous tissue, improving the blood circulation of the joint and dilating the joint ends of the bones, that is, expanding the joint gap. This is entirely within our power.
Although we will not be able to return the original joint to its aching joint and provide an ideal gliding of the cartilaginous surfaces, but at least we can make it so that the pain decreases and the mobility of the joint improves. There is an opportunity to postpone the operation for an indefinitely long period, and even completely avoid it. But I repeat that this will happen only if the patient himself is very determined and very determined: he is ready to do special gymnastics and do not forget to take a course of maintenance treatment every six months.
To treat coxarthrosis of the 2nd degree follows the same as the 1st degree, adding laser therapy, magnetic therapy, ultrasound therapy and electrophoresis, performed in ambulatory or semi-stationary conditions. As a rule, this is enough to stop coxarthrosis of the 2nd degree.
Treatment of coxarthrosis of the third degree
In coxarthrosis of the third stage, the situation is much more complicated. As already mentioned, in the third stage of arthrosis, only the minimal thinned layer of defective cartilaginous tissue remains in the hip joint, and the articular area of the femoral head is strongly deformed.
Most doctors in this situation will tell the patient( and most likely will be right) that the only way out is surgery. And only on the strength of 10-20% of patients, endowed with enormous willpower and perseverance, who are very willing to prevent surgical intervention in their bodies, will be able, with great efforts, to avoid joint surgery.
Of course, they are unlikely to be able to cure their severely affected joint. But such stubborn patients can, with the help of gymnastics, some kinds of physiotherapy and medications to strengthen bones, stabilize the condition of the affected joint and reduce pain. Simply put, the condition of the joint itself remains practically the same, but the condition of the bones, blood vessels and muscles surrounding the joint will improve. Due to this, the load on the affected areas of the joint will decrease, and the pain will cease to increase, or even completely weaken.
As a result, a person who for some reason categorically does not want or can not agree to an operation( say, because of age or because of a poor condition of the heart and blood vessels) will be able to at least normally sleep and sit, getting rid of unbearable "pain of rest ".And even if he can not live and move perfectly, as before, he will most likely be able to walk for short distances: let little by little, even with the help of a stick or stick, but walk.
Coxarthrosis of the third degree is treated both conservatively and operatively. For conservative treatment, use medicamental anti-inflammatory drugs and analgesics, administered intramuscularly, intravenously and directly into the joint cavity. Apply the means of physiotherapy. In severe pain syndrome, intra-articular blockades are performed, helping to stop pain. In the absence of a therapeutic effect in conservative treatment, coxarthrosis of the third degree can be treated promptly, by prosthetic joint.
Gymnastics with coxarthrosis
During gymnastic exercises, the synovial fluid flushes all joint surfaces, ensuring cartilage delivery of nutrients and removal of metabolic products from them. This is the simplest and most natural method of treating your cartilage. However, it should be remembered that incorrectly performed exercises can have a negative impact on the joints. Gymnastics with coxarthrosis should ideally be performed under the supervision of a physician, but if this is not possible, then you can use the exercises and recommendations from this article.
Exercises for coxarthrosis
- All exercises should be performed smoothly, neatly. You must not allow sharp and strong movements.
- All axial loads on the affected joint should be eliminated.
- If pain occurs, the exercise should be discarded immediately.
- Exercises should be performed daily.
- Before performing the exercises, during the exercise, if pain or discomfort occurs in the joint and after the exercises, a gentle massage should be performed in the area of the affected joint.
- After performing the exercises, you can take a warm bath that will relieve muscle tension and soothe the pain.
- Swimming is the best method of caring for your joints. Swimming with coxarthrosis also has a beneficial effect.
In coxarthrosis of the hip joint gymnastics is absolutely contraindicated in the following situations:
- The presence of malignant tumors.
- Presence of open or closed hemorrhages.
- With acute pre-infarction or pre-condition.
- With fractured tubular bones.