Orthopedic insoles for flatfoot
Orthopedic insoles for flatfoot
Flattening is a common problem that affects a huge number of people regardless of age and sex. Therefore, this pathology requires special attention.
What is a platypodia, and what kinds of it are
Flatfoot is called changing the shape of the tops. It is characterized by the lowering of the transverse or longitudinal arch of the foot.
Features of the disease
Depending on this, two types of flatfoot are distinguished: transverse and longitudinal. As for the causes of deformation, there are several: the
- trauma - a fracture of the ankles, calcaneus;
- paralysis of the foot muscles;
- load on the bones of the foot. This is an excessive load, which falls on weakened bones;
- muscle weakness;
- heredity - congenital flat feet can be identified in a child after 7-8 years, then the deformation becomes more noticeable.
Orthopedic insoles as a method of correcting platypodia
To date, orthopedic insoles are a very common way of correcting flatfoot. They are made of special material, have an anatomical shape. Insoles differ in stiffness: soft, medium hardness, rigid. Each type of orthopedic insoles is used for an individual case.
Functions of orthopedic insoles
In order to objectively assess the need for using orthopedic insoles, you need to consider all their functions. The main task of orthopedic insoles is to correct flat feet. Insoles are selected for each case individually, depending on the type and degree of flatfoot. The insole has an elevation that helps to correct the shape of the foot.
Principle of operation of orthopedic insoles
In the case of longitudinal flat feet, the elevation is located on the inside of the insole. For the treatment of transverse flat feet, insoles are used, where the elevation is located in the middle part. In addition to correcting the shape of the foot, the insole helps to reduce the load that comes with it, and thus reduces the feeling of fatigue - it is known that people suffering from flat feet, very quickly begin to feel fatigue when they are in an upright position.
In addition, flat feet are often accompanied by valgus deformation of the foot - in this case, the orthopedic insoles will have a special shape, allowing the foot to be fixed in the correct position.
Standard and individual insoles
Today on the market you can find a huge range of orthopedic insoles, which are very easy to buy in a specialized store or on the Internet resource. But, those who are interested in this issue, could notice that there are many proposals for the individual manufacture of insoles. What insoles and when to use.
Undoubtedly, individual insoles are the most effective because they are manufactured taking into account the anatomical features of the structure of the foot of a particular person. Such products are perfectly suited for the size, shape and height of the lift. But, ordering this product, you will have to wait a little while the insoles will be made.
The manufacturing procedure itself is divided into several basic stages. The first step is to diagnose the foot and formulate the formula. At this stage, an experienced orthopedic doctor will be able to determine the shape of the insole, the height of its rise, other features of the product for a particular patient. It is worth noting that only with the proper level of professionalism of the doctor, the recipe will be drawn up, right.
Next, the insole is manufactured, after which it is given to the patient for fitting. The insole can be made by the plaster cast of the patient's foot or by means of a more modern way - a computer image. If we speak directly about the quality of the result itself, then in both cases it will be almost the same.
Individual orthopedic insoles
The last step involves adjusting and correcting the insoles during their use. Insoles can be made of different materials: natural leather, modern polymer substances. But, the first option is still considered ideal, because the properties of natural leather allow it to take the exact shape of the patient's foot, keeping it throughout the life of the product.
To insoles lasted for as long as possible, you must strictly follow all the rules of care for them, which will necessarily be announced by the person engaged in the manufacture of insoles. The cost of individual insoles depends on their manufacturer, the material that was used during manufacturing. The patient can choose the insoles themselves, which meet the requirements for quality and price.
As for the standard insoles, you can buy them in a store in a few minutes, by choosing the right size insole. But, it is worth noting that for the treatment of flat feet, it is better not to use them. Standard insoles will be an excellent means of preventing flat feet in adults and children, but it is better to order individual manufacturing for treatment. In this case, you can provide a more effective correction of the arch of the foot, which will take a little time.
Prophylactic and therapeutic insoles
It has already been mentioned that orthopedic insoles for flatfoot are used for the purpose of treatment, but they can also be used for the prevention of flatfoot. How to distinguish preventive insoles from medical insoles. Everything is simple enough. Prophylactic insoles are made of soft material, so do not deliver any uncomfortable sensations - on the contrary, the child will feel more comfortable, will be able to protect himself from the development of flat feet.
Insoles for the treatment and prevention of flatfoot
If we talk about medical orthopedic insoles, it is semi-rigid and rigid products. They support the foot in the right position, have a noticeable therapeutic effect due to the fact that they retain their shape even under the influence of the load - the weight of a person.
The effectiveness of orthopedic insoles
When it comes to choosing a method of treatment, in any case, its effectiveness is estimated, which is commensurate with the relevance of the application of a particular method. If we talk about orthopedic insoles, their effectiveness is high enough, but depends on many factors: the age of a person, the degree and shape of flat feet, the correctness of selecting insoles.
The highest effectiveness of insoles is indicated if you start to wear them from childhood. This is due to the fact that the formation of the body and the growth of bones is not yet complete, so flatfoot in this case is very easy to fix. Orthopedic insoles are recommended to start wearing as soon as the child has learned to walk. In this case, the flatfoot, if it is, very quickly corrected, and if there is no deformation of the foot, then the orthopedic insoles will help prevent it in the future.
Orthopedic insoles will help not only to prejudice, but also to cure the flatfoot
. If you start wearing insoles after the child's growth process is completed, they will help keep the foot in the correct position, reduce the load on the foot and evenly distribute it, stop the progression of flatfoot. To correct the deformation of the arch of the foot in this case will be more difficult, but still, from wearing orthopedic insoles it is not worth to refuse, they will bring a lot of benefits.
Video - Orthopedic insoles for flatfoot
How orthopedic insoles for flatfoot should be preferredThe human foot has two longitudinal arches and one transverse that are held by muscles and ligaments.
Such features of the structure allow the foot to protect the musculoskeletal system when walking, running and jumping.
If the ligaments and muscles of the foot are weakened, then it loses its shape and flattenes. At the same time, when the movements are shaken, the spine and joints of the legs take over. But since they are not calculated for this, they perform this function correctly.
As a result, the leg muscles are overloaded, and the ligaments are greatly stretched.
What are the tasks of the orthopedic insolesOrthopedic insoles for flat feet are special footwear products that are necessary to support the arches of the foot and to correct those violations that caused flat feet.
They also perform the following functions:
- improve blood flow in the foot;
- increases stability when walking and standing;
- reduce the load on the joints;
- prevents the development of unhealthy changes in the musculoskeletal system;
- reduce fatigue in the legs.
Due to these properties of the insoles, the load is distributed correctly.
In order for a person not to feel uncomfortable when wearing them, they must be competently matched, depending on individual characteristics.How to protect your child from flatfoot? Exercises with flat feet - the best method of preventing this pathology of feet in children.
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What is the product
All manufactured insoles have a similar structure.
It is standard in such an insole to install a supinator on the inner arch of the foot, the roll-off area is raised, a groove is made in the heel area and a special pillow for the transverse arch is located.
The front part of the insole does not participate in the correction, therefore in some cases it is removed.One of the most important parts of the product are the "wedges".They are needed to change the angle of the foot.
With flat-valgus form of the heel, the heel is turned outward with respect to the foot axis.
To correct the position under the heel, place a "wedge", the thickening of which is facing the inside of the foot, because of which the heel will move in the correct position when moving.
To neutralize the flattening of the longitudinal arch, the conventional product has two wedges simultaneously - one under the heel, and the second - under the front part of the foot.
The effectiveness of the insole is influenced by the location of the wedges and the height.
Standard insoles and under the order
Today you can buy orthopedic insoles that will help you with flat feet, on the Internet, in pharmacies and in special stores.
Among other things, it is possible to make insoles for individual orders.
It should be taken into account that making a product on an individual impression will always be the most suitable option.
This insole will fully meet the tasks that it should solve: the support of the arches of the foot, cushioning action when walking, eliminating the inconvenience.
The only drawback that these insoles have is the high price, which is 5 times higher than the finished products.
If the individual product is too expensive, when choosing a ready-made insole, consider the following nuances:
- for lateral violation - for the presence and height of the support in the front of the product;
- in the presence of changes in the calcaneus - the height of the wedges under the heel;
- with a longitudinal deflection - the height of the lift roll.
As a pleasant addition to the insole can be an antibacterial impregnation of and a layer of sorbent to absorb moisture.
These ingredients take care of foot hygiene.There is one more important nuance: any orthopedic product can not be worn for more than a year without correction.
During the treatment year, the shape of the arches of the foot changes, and these changes cause replacement or verification of compliance of medical products.
If you use an individual insole, it is possible and necessary to more often fit and modify individual orthopedic parts during the use of the product.
What is the difference in insoles depending on the type of flatfoot
What is the difference between the applied insoles for transverse and longitudinal flatfoot:
- Orthopedic insoles for transverse flat feet. The main task is to correct the transverse arch and prevent transverse flatfoot. In this case, the insole has a calculator and a finger separator in the form of a roller.
- Orthopedic insoles for longitudinal flat feet. They differ in the height of the instep for correcting the longitudinal arch of the foot. An important indicator is the wedges, through which you can change the angle of the foot when walking.
Productivity of the
So, given the structure of the insole, it can be summarized that it serves to correctly distribute the load, while neutralizing the disadvantages of the foot.
Thanks to the distribution of the load, a person can walk normally, without fatigue and pain, and other joints will be protected from wear.
Orthopedic orthopedic insole with discharge of burrs
If we talk about treatment, then the product can not completely correct the violation that appeared in an adult, at the same time, when treating a child, orthopedic insoles with flat feet have positive reviews in terms of prevention.
Treatment of transverse flatfoot: surgical treatment, lfq, massage, orthopedic insoles.
The question of the treatment of transverse flatfoot is one of the most frequently discussed issues in orthopedics, as this pathology affects both children and adults, and the started process always leads to diseases of the joints and spine, so it is so important to develop a comprehensive treatment plan for this disease. For each patient, this plan will be individual, depending on the risk factors( obesity, congenital connective tissue pathology, the profession associated with prolonged stay on the legs) and the presence of concomitant pathology.
Methods for determining flatfoot
When examining the foot, attention is drawn to its expansion and flattening. The thumb is deflected outwards. On the thumb is formed a "bone", the second and third fingers are hammer-shaped deformed.
- quickly get tired of the legs after moving or after work associated with prolonged standing.
- by the evening the legs swell, "get heavy" and hurt.
- when examining the shoes - the heel is flat on the inside.
- stops become wider, and favorite shoes - narrow and tight.
- pain spreads from the foot above to the knee and hip joint, sometimes rendered into the spine and combined with headaches.
All these symptoms and complaints in the complex are an indication for a more thorough examination.
Diagnosis of flatfoot can be done in a medical institution and at home on their own. How to determine flat feet at home? To do this, there is a fairly simple method. It is necessary to smear the feet with a fat cream and stand on a white sheet of paper directly with support on the entire foot. Now it remains to estimate the imprint. Normally, the notch on the inner edge in the middle of the foot should occupy slightly more than half the foot. If it occupies almost the entire foot or vice versa, too much space, then one can think of flat feet. This method is called platnography. Doctors use Lugol's solution as a dye.
At home, you can also calculate the sub-metric index( the sub-metric method of Frinland).To do this, measure the height and length of the foot. The height of the foot is the distance from the plantar surface to the upper edge of the scaphoid bone. The length of the foot is the distance from the tip of the thumb to the edge of the heel. The height of the foot is multiplied by one hundred and divided by the length. Normally, this indicator should not exceed the range of 29 -31.With a sub-metric index of 27-29, flat feet are spoken of.
Confirm diagnosis by X-ray examination of both feet in a straight and lateral projection and under load. Then, based on the analysis of the radiograph, the severity of the changes is determined.
Video "Transverse Flatfoot"
How to treat a flat-footed
Straightening stop completely possible only in childhood, when the bones are not yet strong, and the ligaments are plastic enough. But up to five to six years to talk about flatfoot early, since the pediatric foot may seem flat due to the fat pad, performing a protective function in relation to the bone base. Therefore, all children with a preventive goal should be examined by an orthopedist once a year.
Flatfoot treatment usually begins with conservative methods, which include massage, physiotherapy exercises and special relaxing foot baths. Orthopedic shoes or insoles are of particular importance.
Foot and foot massage with flatfoot removes fatigue, stimulates blood circulation and reduces swelling. Basic tricks:
- soles the soles with the back of the brush;
- rubbing with finger pads, performing circular motions;
- rubbing with the fist, while slightly pressing on the foot;
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Basic principles of exercise therapy
When preparing a complex for patients with flat feet, the doctor usually uses the basic exercises for breeding - mixing, flexing - extension, sliding, performing a variety of moves. All these exercises contribute to strengthening the arch of the feet and maintaining the tone of the muscles of the feet.
To remove tension from the muscles of the feet apply baths with broths of lime, chamomile, plantain or with sea salt, as well as with aromatic oils( lavender, rose).The water temperature should not exceed 37 degrees.
Orthopedic footwear, inlays and insoles
For the prevention of flatfoot and with a small degree of deformity of the foot, special tabs and insole are used. They are sold in specialized stores or made to order. In advanced cases, wearing orthopedic footwear is appointed, which is always made strictly individually, to order. Such shoes are made of high quality materials and help addictive feet to the right position.
If nothing helps
If the conservative measures are not effective, usually, in the adult age, corrective operations on the foot are performed to eliminate flat feet.
Transverse Platypodia: Surgical Treatment
To date, orthopedics has more than 300 methods of surgical correction of transverse flatfoot, the main advantage of which is the absence of relapses. The essence of all interventions with flatfoot is reduced to restoring the correct anatomical shape of the foot due to correction of the transverse arch and changing the angle between the bones of the foot. The choice of technique depends mainly on the severity of the changes and the presence of concomitant deformation of the toes. Surgery is performed under general or spinal anesthesia. After the operation, special orthopedic footwear is prescribed, which allows you to get up on the feet the day after the operation.
Orthopedic insoles for transverse flat feet
Maximum shock absorption during the foot - this is the main characteristic of the correctly selected orthopedic insole. In this case, such an insole should exactly match the size of the foot of the patient and the footwear into which it is embedded. It absorbs a static and dynamic load on the feet and indirectly restores blood flow. In children, the orthopedic insole contributes to the correct formation of the arches of the feet. Many parents buy their children shoes with orthopedic insoles for prevention.
For fashionable modern women, more often men suffering from various deformities of the feet, special semi-stems are designed - insteps for model shoes with high heels and for shoes with low heels, as well as special insole shoes for closed shoes.
All insoles should be selected only with a specialist who can advise the most optimal option.
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Gymnastics with flat feet
Treatment of flat feet is the main method of correcting and correcting flat feet. Performing these simple exercises can be an adult and a child under the supervision of parents. Exemplary set of exercises:
- Grasping the ball with stops and lifting.
- Turning stops clockwise and counterclockwise.
- Sliding feet with your fingers.
- Rolling gymnastic stick.
- Skating gymnastic hoop with toes.
- With your toes grab and lift small objects( pencil, sponge)
- Flexion and extension of fingers.
- Rolling from the socks to the outer edge of the foot and back in the standing position.
- Walking on sand barefoot.
Begin training with five to six exercises, and after ten days begin to add one exercise. The whole lesson should take about 20 minutes. Perform gymnastics for a better effect should be twice a day.
Video "Physiotherapy with flat feet"
In addition, it is useful for adults and children on a warm summer day after rain to mix dirt and bare feet and walk around in puddles barefoot.
Orthopedic Insoles for longitudinal - transverse flat feet - how to choose?
Orthopedic insoles and arch supports are one of the most famous and popular methods of treatment of transverse, longitudinal and combined flatfoot. On the other hand, on the expanses of the Internet it is impossible to find a more controversial issue than orthopedic devices with flat feet.
Payment for the erection
According to statistics, more than two thirds of the population suffer from flat feet. Equally all its types:
- longitudinally transverse.
Flat-footedness began to plague humanity from the moment when evolution, literally, put it on its feet. Therefore, choose orthopedic insoles for flat feet, children, including, quite a challenge.
Today's assortment of industrial products is represented by a product of various colors, made of natural, synthetic materials and produced in many countries of the world. Some craftsmen even try to make the instep with their own hands. But in this matter you do not need to save or buy expensive designer goods, especially when it comes to children's insole for flat feet.
Who should wear it?
All orthopedic insoles are diagnosed with longitudinal flat feet. If the patient is an adult, then in this case they perform rather than curative, and corrective function, being a kind of supportive support for the foot and the entire joint-muscular apparatus.
How to choose?
In the case, how to choose a manufacturer, it is better to trust specialists from orthopedic prosthetic enterprises, who have many years of experience, achievements and medical recommendations. You will be carefully measured and will fulfill the order by individual measures. You do not need to choose such items on the market counter. Products sold in large batches are made from cheap, low-quality materials, have no certificates, do not take into account the features of the foot.
You can take measurements from the foot in the following ways:
- by tracing the contours of the foot;
- make special computer measurements, followed by a three-dimensional reconstruction.
Seven times measure
Insoles are made on the basis of genuine leather or modern polymer materials. Natural skin, like a breathable material, is preferred to people who are vulnerable to foot skin and for children's insoles. This lining in the process of socks "adjusts" to the contours of your foot. Silicone insole more hygienic, but, unfortunately, less elastic, wear out quickly and do not suit heavy people.
You should choose a similar object strictly according to the indications. This medicine and it should prescribe a doctor.
If you do not suffer from a flat foot, you do not need fixators for flat feet for permanent wearing. Otherwise, you risk getting the same longitudinal flatfoot.
Just your ligaments, feeling the support, will relax - they do not need to do their work anymore. Correctly selected insoles, you will appreciate in the literal sense from the first walk - pain in the joints, edema and heaviness in the legs will disappear. They will also help with other joint diseases, for example, with rheumatoid arthritis. You need to wear the instep arresters by removing the "native" lining from the shoes.
Who needs what?
- Especially it would be desirable to mention about pregnant women. During this period, the load on the locomotor apparatus increases. From the second half of pregnancy there are feelings of heaviness and convulsions. The joints of the foot experience not only the weight load, the ligaments relax due to hormonal effects, and longitudinal flatfoot may form.
- An exceptional situation is diabetic patients with diabetic foot. In such cases, the insole should be made of high-quality and soft materials. It should not cause the formation of rubbing, puffiness and calluses.
- If you need to pick up the instep for a patient with a spur, then recommend a product with a special horseshoe-shaped horseshoe to reduce the pressure on the heel.
- In patients with excess weight, in which the foot is experiencing an already high workload, it is necessary to use insoles of strong polymeric materials, the soft insoles will deform under the weight of a person and not have the proper effect.
- Insole for sports shoes are also made for high load and increased sweating.
- How can I find out what the insole is for you?
- If the shoes with an orthopedic insole and do not cause discomfort, your legs do not fill with lead weight and feel rested, then everything is selected correctly.
All the best for children
If you need to choose children's insoles, then everything is a little different. What can parents do? Their direct duty is to ensure the correct formation of the foot. This will help special children's insteps. They repeat the correct bending of the legs, produced and safe materials and protect the baby's legs from fatigue. The first thing you need to understand:
- The diagnosis of flat feet for children, whether longitudinal or other, is not a verdict. Bunches and bones of the baby are not yet developed enough, so at a young age, it is possible to correct the pathology, using baby insoles.
- Choose only by size. Having bought an arch supports for growth, you will finally "finish" the baby's foot.
- Try to ask for certificates for children's products and choose products from safe materials.
- Baby and insoles child can use up to 7 years, that is up to that age, as the stop stops forming.
How to care?
Insoles, especially those made of high quality, expensive materials, should be cleaned with gentle detergents and dried without the use of batteries or heaters, otherwise they deform, crack and become unusable.
And the last. No method of treatment is able to help yourself. Only a complex impact. Regular exercises of exercise therapy, massage, manual therapy together with the use of insoles, no doubt, will help you to achieve success in treatment.
How to choose orthopedic insoles for transverse flat feet( for children and adults)
Easy beautiful gait, no problems with legs and spine, tireless activity during the day - in all this, an important role is played by the ideal health of feet, timely prevention of flat feetand its treatment. To eliminate the problems associated with flatfoot, and to prevent them, special insoles have been created that can be inserted into any footwear and used for various deformities of the foot. We will tell you how to choose orthopedic insoles for flat feet in each specific case and how to use them properly.
When orthopedic insoles are needed
Nuisance to the feet often manifests as rapid fatigue, swelling and pain in the lower leg and in the foot. Most often they are associated with deformation of the foot, with its incorrect position during walking or with heavy loads. Correctly selected orthopedic insoles can partially or completely eliminate such complexities as in diagnosed platypodia, and in a wide range of other cases.
Flat-footed "simple" - this is the curvature of the arches of the foot, which perform the function of natural shock absorbers of the human body.
This can happen in the following cases:
- In case of congenital flattening of the foot,
- For musculoskeletal disorders( rachis and paralytic platypodia),
- After the injuries,
- In the elderly, when the ligaments and muscles supporting the "vaulted shock absorbers" are aging,
- In the case of prolongedthe impact of heavy loads:
- with active sports,
- in pregnant women and people with a large body mass,
- for those whose profession involves walking or standing for more than 4 hours a day,
- when wearing shoes with a heel height of more than 4 - 5 cm, etc.
This is basically the so-called "longitudinal" flatfoot, which pulls the "profile" of the foot to the ground, increasing the load on the rest of its parts and on the spine. But no less dangerous is the "transverse" flattening of the arch, which is manifested by the burrs, the expansion of the foot and the appearance of the bulging bone of the thumb. With transverse flatfoot, we do not go to doctors, but suffer no less than in standard medical situations.
The disappearance of natural foot protection can be replaced by a special device - an orthopedic insole, which will act as a "spring".For adults, it will exclude surgery and ease the burden on the legs, and children's orthopedic insoles are designed to adjust the structure of the baby's leg before it grows, and any changes will be impossible.
Insole with orthopedic effect can help not only with pronounced flat feet, but also to prevent it. They are used when wearing shoes with a high heel or without a heel, as well as when getting too heavy loads on your feet in professional or other activities.
What they are
Orthopedic insoles come in different sizes and devices - they are selected according to the patient's foot problems and what is the purpose of their use. At the same time, it is now quite possible to find similar devices for both closed and open summer shoes for adults, children and the elderly.
Materials and structures
The basic material of the insole can be plastic, latex, leather, cork and other materials. The main difference between them is the presence or absence of a rigid frame - divides the products into 2 groups that have different purposes:
- Solid wireframe - thinner insoles, used by people with a constant load on their feet( who often stands or walks during the day) and experiences great fatigue withoutpain;
- Soft are designed for use in cases of joint diseases, during pregnancy, strong weight gain and exercise.
At the moment, several different types of orthopedic insoles are produced, which are created taking into account a specific problem or existing deformation:
1. Complete insoles , used for diagnosed platypodia:
- longitudinal - with "sagging" of the longitudinal line of the arch of the foot,
- transverse -with transverse flat feet,
- longitudinal-transverse - to help with combined deformities.
2. Half-insole-instepers , having reduced by one quarter of the full insole dimensions - for use in open shoes and with complexities of placing the full sample( shoe size reduction due to the liner, case of deformation of the toe).
3. heels are recommended with heel spurs, different lengths of limbs and spine diseases that require shifting the load to other parts of the support system. In the latter case, the insole can be canceled upon recovery.
4. inserts are offered for unloading a specific part of the foot - in the presence of corns or their prevention, in particular when wearing high-heeled shoes.
Complete insoles, semi-insole, heel pads and pelvis inserts
Many manufacturers can offer orthopedic products that are seasonally oriented - the most optimal options for summer, winter and demi-season shoes.
Of course, the question of which orthopedic insoles is better for you, should be decided based on their specific purpose. Therefore, before buying, you must first determine your diagnosis, best with the help of a qualified specialist - a doctor.
In addition, the following should be considered:
- The products you buy should ideally fit in the shoes - do not "hang out" and do not deform,
- Correctly made insoles must be at least three-layered,
- For calcaneal spurs, full or shortened insoles are used, always equipped with latex orgel heel pad thickness 3-10 mm,
- For children up to 7-8 years old orthopedic insoles can be found in the pharmacy, but for older age it is better to make them to order.
Specialized products for correcting or alleviating the problems of the musculoskeletal system, like tablets, can only cause harm if improperly selected. Do not engage in self-medication - how to choose orthopedic insoles for you or a child, should be decided only by the attending physician.
Orthopedic insoles cost from 500 rubles to 6 thousand and more, it depends on the type, size and brand:
- Children's products will cost about 2 thousand rubles for individual order and 600-900 rubles for the purchase of the finished product indrugstore,
- Supplement with strengthened arch support increases the price of orthopedic insoles by 1-1,5 thousand rubles,
- Full adult insoles - from 2,5 to 3 thousand,
- Custom-made products with individual parts - up to 4 - 6-thousand.
Orthopedic insoles can relieve you of an existing disease or prevent it when the first symptoms appear. We hope that our small tips will help you with this. Insoles from flat feet: how to make the right choice?
Flattening is a serious disease, consisting in flattening the arches of the feet. As a result of these changes there are such unpleasant phenomena as pain in the feet, ankles and legs. In addition, the spine may suffer, pain in the lumbar region occurs. A very important place in the correction of flat feet is occupied by special orthopedic footwear and insole from flat feet.
Orthopedic insole for flatfoot correction
Orthopedic insoles, or orthoses, are reinforced inserts that are used to support the arch of the foot. Insole flat feet perform the following functions:
- improve blood circulation in the foot tissues;
- improves stability during walking and standing;
- reduces the load on the hip, knee and ankle joints;
- prevent the development of pathological changes in the musculoskeletal system( osteochondrosis, osteoarthrosis of the joints of the lower extremities, etc.);
- reduces pain and fatigue in the lower limbs.
Thanks to the correctly selected insole, the load is distributed correctly to the foot.
How to choose the right orthopedic insoles?
How to get rid of flatfoot or at least stop its progression, as well as reduce manifestations, you will be explained by an orthopedic doctor in full consultation. After the necessary examination, the specialist will make appropriate recommendations regarding orthopedic footwear and insoles. At present, orthopedic insoles are made of polymer materials or natural leather. Leather insole is the best option. In the process of wearing such insoles for a long time do not wear out and get the most optimal shape. Silicone insole has the advantage of its flexibility, due to which they can be adjusted to the individual characteristics of the foot. But they also have disadvantages - low elasticity and rapid wear, relatively high weight. This leads to rapid fatigue of the legs while walking. Insole made for different purposes have approximately the same components:
- instep, which is modeled in the projection of the inner arch;
- groove in the heel area;
- metatarsal pad in the region of the transverse arch.
The technology of manufacturing orthopedic insoles from flat feet consists of the following stages:
- diagnosis of flat feet and formulation of insoles;
- manufacturing of the base of insoles and its structural elements;
- direct fitting and delivery of the product;
- correction of insoles in use.
Orthopedic insoles are best made by plaster cast of foot, but also by fingerprint or computer image. Structural elements of insoles are made of safe and durable materials, for example, made of foam polyethylene. The average lifespan of the insoles for flat feet is 2 years, but they usually last much longer.
Correction of insoles
In the process of corrective therapy, there is often a need to change the design of the product. For example, you have to lift the metatarsal support or change the overflow zone. Instructions for correcting the shape of the insoles are given by the attending physician. In this case, the shape of the insoles and the material will depend directly on the shape and degree of flatfoot. Thus, which orthopedic insoles are preferred for example in transverse flatfoot and how to choose a special shoe, the orthopedic doctor will tell the patient. In the case of transverse flatfoot with a varus deformity of the anterior part of the foot( it is rotated by the first bone of the metatarsus upwards), insoles with an external wedge under the anterior section and a metatarsal pad are assigned. With a significant degree of flatfoot, when the deformation of the foot is fixed, the metatarsal pad is raised gradually, so that a good effect is achieved. Approximately in 10-12 months new insoles are made, taking into account the achieved correction.
Shoe selection for flatfoot
With flatfoot it is necessary to pay special attention to the choice of shoes. Properly selected shoes will help slow the progression of the disease and reduce discomfort. But shoes with high heels and not corresponding to the shape of the foot will only exacerbate the deformity and may even provoke complications of flatfoot. In short, because of what shoes to wear when flat feet, the further course of the disease depends.
Important: if you have an early stage of flatfoot development, you can do just comfortable shoes made from high-quality natural materials. But at 2 and especially 3 stages of the disease will almost all the time wearing orthopedic shoes to avoid complications.
What to focus on when choosing shoes:
- the best material for shoes - genuine leather, it's good if the sole is also leather;
- requires the presence of a small heel, which will help to evenly distribute the load, in children at least one third of the sole should be a heel height of about 0.5-1 cm;
- to prevent valgus deformation of the thumb is important to choose shoes with a wide nose;
- shoes should not have an unpleasant odor or stain;
- during fitting shoes should not rub the skin or press fingers and heels;
- should choose shoes on a flexible sole, which easily bends when walking and does not cause unnecessary strain on the muscles.
One of the most important properties of good shoes is comfort. Quality and comfortable shoes can last a long time and will help cope with unpleasant sensations in the feet after a long working day. These criteria are suitable not only for people with early signs of flatfoot, but also as a preventive measure of the disease. With obvious symptoms of the disease, ordinary comfortable footwear can not be dispensed with. In such cases, the orthopedic doctor appoints special shoes, based on the results of the examination.
Attention: It should be remembered that even a short but regular wearing of shoes with high heels, and even more so on stilettos, many times increases the risk of flat feet in women. A similar effect on the function and shape of the foot is provided by shoes on the platform.
Orthopedic footwear with flat feet in adults and older children is made individually, taking into account the anatomical features of the foot, the type and degree of flatfoot. For example, with a flat-footed foot with the deviation of the thumb to the outside of the foot, the shoes should have a high and hard back and a wide nose. In young children, orthopedic shoes that are standardly manufactured are sometimes used. If necessary, simultaneously use orthopedic insoles. Special footwear performs the following functions:
- corrects small deformities of the foot and compensates for its shortening,
- expands the support area,
- reduces the load on the painful foot sections,
- masks external defects,
- is the "ultimate support" for walking.
Most fully fulfilling its purpose shoes custom-made for the plaster cast of the foot. Currently, you can order a pretty beautiful orthopedic shoes, which in appearance almost does not differ from conventional models.
Important: if you have a longitudinal or transverse flatfoot, then the treatment and orthopedic insoles can be properly prescribed only by a specialist. You can not try to diagnose yourself and self-medicate yourself. Untimely and incorrect therapy can lead to disastrous consequences. In advanced cases, even have to perform a surgical procedure.
Flat-footedness is not such a harmless disease. It can lead to a rapid wear of all elements of the musculoskeletal system, including the spine. Therefore, we can not neglect the treatment of flatfoot. Sometimes it's better to abandon a beautiful model, but narrow and uncomfortable, high-heeled shoes to avoid serious consequences of the disease in the future.