LFK in scoliosis

Physiotherapy exercises for scoliosis 1, 2, 3 and 4 degrees

Therapeutic exercise is prescribed for many pathologies of the musculoskeletal system, including scoliosis. Correctly composed sets of exercises, selected according to the stage of the disease, help to avoid the progression of this pathology and reduce the overall burden on the vertebral column and the patient's internal organs. That is why exercise therapy for scoliosis, manual therapy, physiotherapy and conservative pharmacological treatment form the basis in the fight against this disease.

LFK can be used at any stage of scoliosis

LFK can be used for any stage of scoliosis

It should be noted that exercise therapy can be used at any stage of scoliosis, but the greatest effect can be achieved if you start the exercises with the initial forms of the disease. A complex of exercise exercises, massage, gymnastics and certain sports( for example, swimming) strengthen the muscles of the back and form a strong muscular corset that helps stabilize the spine, correct its deformities, improve posture and prevent the emergence of functional and organic lesions of internal organs.

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It is important to combine physical therapy with other methods of posture correction. Thus, it is proved that the traditional treatment and exercise therapy, massage, non-traditional segmental manual influence on the spine can effectively eliminate the defects in the posture of the initial forms - this treatment is especially indicated in patients during periods of active growth of the body.

When selecting individual exercises, remember that you must always take into account the shape of the scoliosis, as well as the individual characteristics of the clinical picture in each patient, so should not independently create a complex of exercise therapy for scoliosis and engage in self-medication at home without first consulting an orthopedic physician .This can only complicate the course of the disease and provoke its active progression, since incorrect selection of the intensity of stretching or mobilization of the spine can provoke a fairly rapid progression of scoliosis due to disturbance of compensatory processes in the spinal column. Only the correct use of physiotherapy exercises in scoliosis can positively influence the course of this pathology. When using various exercises in scoliosis, we must remember that they are symmetrical and asymmetric.

Regardless of the choice of the complex of exercises, in the treatment of scoliosis for optimal correction of posture, it is worthwhile to know that with their help it is possible to eliminate only the functional kind of curvature of the spine. With structural and organic changes in the vertebrae, when there is a stable component of curvature, correction of deformation can not be eliminated in this way.

I must say that alone you can perform only basic symmetrical exercises that are part of the basic exercises of exercise therapy for scoliosis of the 1 st degree with minor deformations of the spine, since such exercises have minimal stress on the spinal column, which reduces the likelihood of their improper execution and negative influence on the pathogenesis of the disease. A characteristic feature of symmetrical exercises is that they are able to differently affect the symmetrical muscles of the back, which are contracted incorrectly due to disorders of posture due to scoliosis. At the same time, weaker muscles are subjected to a greater load and train intensively than strong muscles, which determines the formation of a regular and balanced muscular corset that supports the spine in the right position.

Basic complex of therapeutic exercises for scoliosis

The basic exercise complex of exercise therapy consists of exercises that are corrective and strengthen the influence on the muscles of the trunk, and those that perform a dosed stretching of the spine, which helps to get a correct posture. Among the basic rules that should be adhered to when practicing physiotherapy exercises in scoliosis, when performing any exercises, allocate:

  • should start with a minimum load, which should grow gradually;
  • dosage of exercise should be performed taking into account the patient's well-being;
  • is allowed to apply only passive traction of the spine, so do not hang on the crossbar - this exercise can cause irreparable harm to the body;
  • exclusion of all exercises that are aimed at increasing the flexibility of the spine and include vertical rotation of the trunk is an important task of the exercises used.

It is necessary to alternate exercises that act on the muscles of the shoulder girdle and hands with exercises that determine the load of the muscles of the legs.

Basic rules for performing basic exercises

Basic exercises for scoliosis should include warm-up, the main and final part. During warm-up, it is important to try to maintain proper posture. To do this, you can stand against the wall, touching her with heels, tibial muscles and buttocks, then make 2 steps forward, maintaining the correct posture. It is important to breathe without delay.

In scoliosis, children perform more simple exercises for the spine

When scoliosis, children perform more simple exercises for the spine

Then the legs should be placed shoulder width apart, raise your hands up, inhale, stretch and lower your arms, while exhaling. It is also important to maintain a correct posture. For warm-up, you can apply circular movements with shoulders, bending the legs in the knee joint with simultaneous attraction to the abdomen, torso of the trunk forward with arms outstretched.

You can apply simple sit-ups, which should be performed at a slow pace, which is important when using exercises - a different kind of exercise therapy for scoliosis in children, in persons with shallow breathing is undesirable, since too intense squats can cause dizziness, headache, tachycardia and deterioration of well-being. The main section should include a list of exercises that are compiled by an experienced doctor - a specialist in posture correction. They depend on the degree of curvature of the spine and the anatomical and physiological characteristics of the patient. At the same time, special attention should be paid to the correctness of the selected exercises, their consistency and systematic study.

The final part in most cases involves walking on toes and heels, as well as walking with a hip lift or with a "sweeping" of the shin.

Exercises for s-shaped scoliosis

The exercise therapy for this type of scoliosis is aimed at correcting the deformities of the spine in the thoracic and lumbar region, as well as strengthening the paravertebral and latissimus muscles of the back. With this scoliosis the following exercises are used:

  1. To sit on the bench, hands behind the head. Turn the shoulder girdle to the left side so that a right angle is formed, and the legs remain fixed( the so-called "twisting" of the spine).Then you need to lie so that on the edge of the bench placed blades. Bend over the edge of the bench and hang, relaxed, and also carry out a catapult at an angle of 30 ° up and down.
  2. Lie on the bench with your belly down so that the edge of the bench is near the waist, hands should be behind your head. Bend down to the formation of a right angle, and then maximize to unbend. If such exercises are easy, you can do them with a small load( up to 3 kg).
  3. Simple pull-ups on the crossbar.

Features of the selection of exercises

I must say that the exercises are selected taking into account the features of scoliosis.

For example, exercise therapy for chest scoliosis and curvature of the spine in the lumbar region should be directed to compensate for distortion and development of the right muscles, which will stabilize the spine in the correct position. The recommended technique of exercise therapy and the selection of exercises completely depend on the stage of scoliosis.

When compiling a set of exercises for scoliosis of the 2 nd degree, all exercises should be directed not only to achieve the stability of the spine, but also to correct the existing deformation. Gymnastics, which is used, is aimed at strengthening the main muscle groups that support the spine.

exercise therapy in left-sided scoliosis is often directed to balance training and balancing, based on the torso of the trunk to the left. It should be noted that right-sided scoliosis is more often developed. With right-sided scoliosis, additional correction methods are used to eliminate the unilateral deviation of the spine from the normal axis, as well as to strengthen the muscular corset, which helps to effectively stabilize the spine and prevent the progression of the disease.

In scoliosis of the 3rd degree, the treatment methods should be directed not only to the elimination of severe deformities, but also to the improvement of the physical development of patients, to include the use of restorative, not just corrective exercises.

I must say that the treatment of scoliosis should be comprehensive and under the supervision of an experienced vertebrologist.

P.S.In the video below you can see how yoga helps in the treatment of scoliosis:

VashaSpina.ru

Basic principles of exercise therapy for scoliosis

LFK in scoliosis is a necessary condition for eliminating all the symptoms of this disease. When the disease occurs, the spine is curved in the lateral planes. In medicine, simple( non-structural) and complex( structural) variants of the disease are distinguished.

Twisted spine disrupts the internal organs

Curved spine disrupts the internal organs


The essence of the disease and its types

The unstructured form of curvature implies the absence of gross changes in the vertebrae of the spinal column. The reason may be a violation of posture, due to the reflex muscle tension in the occurrence of pain. When eliminating the causes of such distortions, the spine, as a rule, is restored.

Structural variants of curvatures are congenital and acquired. The cause of these changes in the spine of a person can be traumas, tumors, malformations, osteoporosis. In addition to ailments and spinal injuries, the structural variant of scoliosis can cause diseases and congenital changes in muscles such as dystrophy, myopathy and others. Promote the development of scoliosis of metabolic disorders occurring in the body. Such violations include rickets, nephrogenic osteopathy, etc.

The disease is classified by 4 degrees of curvature of the spine

The disease is classified by 4 degrees of curvature of the spine

The main factor determining the picture of the disease is the degree of changes in the spine. At present, the evaluation system developed by VD Chaklin in 1958 is used. This system distinguishes several degrees of curvature depending on the magnitude of the disturbances.

  1. First degree - the curvature of the spine is 5 to 10 degrees.
  2. The second degree - the presence of curvature in the range from 11 to 30 degrees.
  3. The third degree is characterized by distortions from 31 to 60 degrees.
  4. Fourth degree - curvature of the spine more than 60 degrees.

Recognition of the curvature of the spine in the early stages is an important factor of success in treatment. A systematic approach to the implementation of medical measures can prevent the progress of violations. Examination for the detection of ailment is carried out in the sitting, standing, lying and at different inclinations. At a scoliosis at children it is necessary to visit the pediatrist, the orthopedist, and also with the doctor who is the expert in physiotherapy exercises.

With visual identification of signs of scoliosis, as a rule, radiography of the spinal column is performed in two projections: lying and standing. The examination not only reveals the curvature of the spine, but also makes it possible to determine the congenital deformities. The magnitude of the curvature is measured by x-ray images in the standing position.


Principles and methods of treatment of the disease

Strong curvature of the spine is corrected surgically

Strong curvature of the spine is corrected surgically

Scoliosis is an ailment of the human musculoskeletal system associated with changes in posture. The doctors are studying orthopedics. Specialists of this area of ​​medicine develop methods and methods for treating scoliosis of various types. Operative and conservative methods of therapy are distinguished. Most often, when identifying scoliosis, it is recommended to sleep on a hard surface, on top of which you should put a thin mattress.

Initial indications for surgical treatment may vary. They fully depend on the age at which violations occur, and the psychological problems that arise in connection with the ailment of the patient. In addition, the possibility of using surgical intervention can be influenced by the localization of the curvature and its degree. The operation is used by physicians, if the means of conservative therapy did not give the corresponding result.

The operative methods for correcting curvatures use special metal rods. With the help of them, immobilization of departments occurs, in which curvatures are revealed. Operative intervention is used primarily in cases of severe curvatures, which can not be corrected in other ways.


Therapeutic gymnastics - an effective method of therapy

Special corset Chenot for elimination of defects of a posture

Special corset Chenot for the correction of postural defects

The bloodless effective treatment of spine curvature is the use of special anti-astral gymnastics and corsetotherapy. The treatment complex consists of three stages:

  • mobilization of the curvature of the spinal column;
  • for correcting the deformed part of the spine;
  • stabilization of the spine in the achieved after carrying out the correction position.

One of the most common methods of correcting curvatures is exercise therapy in scoliosis. Gymnastics is used quite effectively to eliminate disorders in the development of the disease in children. The best results of physical exercises are given with a scoliosis of 1 degree.

Physical training in scoliosis has a stabilizing effect on the spinal column as a whole and its various departments in particular. Positively affects therapeutic exercises on the muscular structures surrounding the spine, strengthening them, as evidenced by the relevant video. Physical exercises allow you to achieve a corrective effect when acting on a deformed area. In addition, gymnastics improves posture and breathing. LFK in scoliosis can be used at any stage of the development of the disease.

The complex of measures for conservative treatment includes therapeutic gymnastics, water exercises, a massage course, correction of the spatial position of the spine, elements of sport activities.

LFK combined with modes of reduced static load on the spine. You can perform exercises while attending group sessions, or study at home yourself.


Features of the application of exercise therapy

Physical training

The use of exercise therapy for scoliosis depends on the degree of curvature of the spine. In diseases of the first, third and fourth degrees, physical education is used to increase the stability of the spinal column, and in detecting a disease of the second degree, exercise is necessary to correct deformations. The complex of therapeutic gymnastics is aimed at strengthening the muscles responsible for maintaining the position of the spine and its straightening. In addition, the exercises strengthen the groups of oblique muscles, square muscles in the lumbar region. Medical complexes have been developed that ensure the development and strengthening of posture, develop equilibria, balancing, and so on.

Physiotherapy exercises can be used at almost all stages of the disease, but the maximum effect it will achieve in the initial stages of scoliosis. Exercises are selected individually for each patient and depend on the picture of the disease. The complex should be formed exclusively by a specialist in the field of physiotherapy. In no event can you correct the curvature of the spine yourself, as this can aggravate the course of the disease.

There are two types of therapeutic gymnastics: symmetrical and asymmetric. The choice of the complex of exercises for treatment and prevention largely depends on the degree of development of the disease, its type and dynamics. LFK, as a rule, allows to stabilize the deformity of the spine.

Only the so-called basic set of exercises, which is recommended for small violations of posture, is allowed to be performed alone. In this case, the spine has a minor effect, which makes it possible to reduce the risks associated with the human musculoskeletal system.

Exercises of symmetrical gymnastics give a different load to the unbalanced symmetric muscles of the body. Weaker muscular structures involve more intensively, which leads to their strengthening. Thanks to gymnastics, correction of the spine, nervous and muscular apparatus is carried out. This contributes to the formation of a balanced corset, providing a stable position of the spine. Correct execution of the basic complex of the patient can be controlled independently, relying on photos and videos, which can be found on the pages of specialized sites.

A set of recommended exercises is required to be performed regularly, at a low pace, taking into account the recommendations of a specialist who is engaged in the correction of curvature of the spine. After performing physical exercises, you need to lie on your side for 15-20 minutes to let the body rest.

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On exhalation, it is necessary to tighten the bent leg to the stomach. Repeat on each leg four times.

Activity 5

Now we'll lean forward. Be sure to keep your back straight.

Exercise 6

Next we'll crouch. The back should be kept straight, slowly sit on the exhalation and stand up on the inhalation.

Block 2

The next block of exercises is designed to correct the curvature of the spine. He may not turn on if we are dealing with the first degree of scoliosis.

Exercise 1

We stand in the standard position. We put our hands on our shoulders, we begin to rotate our elbows. We do three approaches.

Exercise 2

The position is the same, we lower one shoulder and move it back, on inhalation we return. We do not turn back at the same time.

Click to enlarge

Previous body position, now lift the shoulder and turn forward, slightly hunched shoulder, pulling the shoulder blade back.

Exercise 4

Exercise "Cipollino".On exhalation we drag the head of the head, we try to grow. We pull like a string to maximize. Stop completely on the floor. When the greatest tension is reached, stay in this position, then return to the starting position. Like any stretching, it should be performed smoothly.

Block 3

Another block of exercises, it aims to strengthen the muscles of the press.

Exercise 1

Perform in the prone position classic legs with legs. Mash alternately, cross-wise, do three sets of thirty-second approaches.

Exercise 2

Previous position, with your feet we make circular movements, as if you were riding a bicycle. Also, two, three sets of thirty seconds.

Exercise 3

Raise your legs up, push them apart, join them together and lower them. We perform up to eight times.

Exercise 4

We stand on all fours. Now we need to pull forward the left hand, and back the right foot. My breathing was the same. You have to do it six times.

Exercise 5

We will continue to stretch, to do "Cipollino", in a supine position. Pull the crown up, heels down. For 15 seconds three times.

We strengthen the muscles of the back.

We perform all the exercises from the position, lying on the stomach. We lift only the head, without lifting the breast from the floor. After the end of this exercise, we begin lifting the entire upper half of the body. We repeat this exercise, in variations on the basis of hands. We pass to the raising of the legs and the flies with our feet. At the end of this block we make a boat, at the same time we raise both the legs and the upper half of the trunk. We detain for a couple of seconds, on exhalation, and we lower on inhalation.

Finish the complex better exercises for stretching, repeat "Cipollino", and if there are no contraindications, then hang on the gymnastic wall.

Daily, systematic application of these exercises will help you to develop a correct posture. As a result, keeping the correct position of the body behind the desk, or computer, you will protect the spine from deformation.

Developing and strengthening the muscles of the press, and the spine, you will create a natural, supporting corset that will take on high loads and protect the spine.

oporatela.ru

Scoliosis is a disease of the musculoskeletal system, which manifests itself in the form of curvature of the spine. Medical therapy with such pathology does not make sense. Here the mechanical effect is more suitable. This is the role played by a complex of exercises of exercise therapy in scoliosis. It should be noted that the treatment of any pathology should always be complex, one can not use only one method. Therefore, in the curvature of the spine, massage, manual therapy, physiotherapy are prescribed. But exercise is the basis of the healing process, especially in the early stages of the disease.

What should be considered when assigning a complex of physical therapy?

Scoliosis exercises

First of all, the patient must undergo a test to establish an accurate diagnosis. The orthopedist conducts a questioning of the patient, collects an anamnesis of the disease, clarifies complaints. At visual inspection marks presence or absence of an asymmetry of a body of the person applied for medical aid. If there are complaints of pain, a neurologist's consultation is prescribed. The last stage of the examination is X-ray. Using this method, the degree of damage to the spine is determined. It is graded according to the angle of the spinal deviation from the norm:

  • 1 degree the deviation angle is not more than 10 °;
  • 2 - not more than 25 °;
  • 3, respectively, does not exceed 50 °;
  • 4 degree - exceeds 51 °.

Having established the stage of the disease, the attending physician develops a treatment plan.

"Why not start immediately?" You ask. After all, as mentioned above, physical education in this disease is the basis of the healing process. This statement is true, especially for 1 and 2 degrees of scoliosis. Therapeutic gymnastics not only stops the pathological process, but also completely restores the correct position of the spine. At later stages( grades 3, 4), exercise therapy is an auxiliary method of treatment. An adequately selected set of exercises can only slow the course of the disease, but it can not be cured. In addition, this period is complicated by various disruptions in the functioning of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems. This should also be taken into account when developing and prescribing physical therapy. Otherwise, you can only do harm.

The age of the patient plays an important role. As a child, the vertebral column is in the formation stage, which is why the exercise of exercise therapy makes sense.

From all of the above, we can conclude that the complex of therapeutic gymnastics should be appointed and developed by a doctor. He must take into account the degree of scoliosis, age, general condition of the body and the presence of concomitant diseases and complications. In addition, the younger the patient and the less the vertebral column is changed, the better the treatment prognosis.

Methodological recommendations for the development of a set of exercises for the treatment of scoliosis

Before deciding on the question of what should be included in the complex of exercise therapy for a patient with our pathology, let's determine what result we want to get.

  1. Strengthen the muscular corset of the thoracic and lumbar spine.
  2. Eliminate or reduce curvature of the spine, muscle cushion and costal hump.
  3. Adjust the posture, and, consequently, improve the appearance of the patient.
  4. Correct the coordination of movements.
  5. Prevent complications from the heart and lungs. And if they already exist, then help to normalize the work of internal organs.
  6. Improve the general condition of the patient: spur the immune processes, strengthen physically.
  7. Improve mood and raise self-esteem.

Complex of exercise therapy for children with scoliosis

When developing a complex of exercises of exercise therapy in scoliosis in children, it is taken into account that this disease is characterized by an unequal tone of symmetrical muscles. From the convexity of the arc, the muscles are in constant tonus. With the opposite - relaxed, and in more severe cases, even can atrophy. Therefore, the exercise program consists of the following types of exercise:

  1. Asymmetric exercises , which affect certain muscle groups on one side of the trunk, while others on the opposite side relax. For example, turn in one direction.
  2. Symmetric loads of help keep the spine in anatomically correct position. As a result of performing them, there is an uneven load on the symmetrical muscles on both sides of the body. The muscle tone in them becomes the same, the curvature of the spinal column is eliminated.
  3. Desortion - stimulate stretched and relax muscles in constant tone.
  4. General strengthening exercises allow to develop general endurance, physically develop the body.

However, there are a number of exercises that are unacceptable in scoliosis. Their use in the treatment of physical therapy with patients treated by us pathology can only aggravate the state of the disease. These include the following exercises:

  1. Hanging on a gymnastic ladder or crossbar.
  2. Various acrobatic exercises( for example, somersaults).
  3. Lifting Gravity.
  4. Run, especially for long distances. Jumping or sports dancing.

It should be emphasized that the whole set of exercises is developed by a specialist in physiotherapy. Individual approach to each patient is carried out. Classes are held in the polyclinic or department of exercise therapy under the supervision of medical workers. If, when performing a set of exercises, the patient feels pain or signs of an intensification of the pathological process, then the cut must be directed to the consultation of an orthopedic doctor and the set of exercises adjusted.

How should the exercise for physical therapy work in the scoliosis of

? The exercise of exercise therapy for children in scoliosis consists of the following stages:

  1. Warm up. Its goal: gradually prepare the body for the basic exercises, warm up the muscles, put the right breath.
  2. Basic loads. This is the basis of therapeutic gymnastics, it is at this stage that exercises are performed to correct scoliosis, stimulate muscle and motor activity, stabilize the work of internal organs and systems.
  3. Final exercises restore breathing, reduce the level of stress.

Particular attention is paid to the correctness of performing respiratory gymnastics. It contributes to the improvement of lung function, which is severely affected by the deformation of the chest. On the Internet, you can find many exercises LFK video in scoliosis. But it is better not to use them. Because it is only the doctor who can correct the course of the session in accordance with your state of health.

Complex of exercise therapy in the early stages of the disease

LFK in the early stages of scoliosis

The largest role in the treatment is with exercise therapy for scoliosis of 1 degree, as well as the second. As mentioned above, the therapy of this pathology is complex. But at this stage, properly selected physical load is able in a short time not only to stabilize, but significantly improve the course of the pathological process. The growth of loads is carried out gradually. What can be included in the set of exercises?

  1. In the standing pose, movements are made on sipping.
  2. Retraction of one hand back while lifting the other up.
  3. Combination of different slopes.
  4. In the position on the floor doing deflections.

With 1 degree of scoliosis, sometimes even enough to strengthen the muscles of the chest and back, as well as correcting the posture of movements. In the 2 stages of the disease, when choosing exercises, it is necessary to take into account the direction in which the curvature has occurred. In accordance with this, non-symmetrical exercises aimed at the load of some and the relaxation of other muscles are performed. In addition, special attention at this stage is given to respiratory gymnastics. Sciosis in stages 3 and 4.Do you need physical exercise?

With 3 degrees of scoliosis, as well as in 4 to the formation of a set of exercises for curative gymnastics come with extreme caution. The main problem is that large loads on the damaged spine are unacceptable. They are more likely not to improve, but will only aggravate the course of the disease. The lesson is completely in the prone position. The basis of therapy with the help of exercise therapy in this case is treatment not by exercise, but by the position of the body. Practically the whole complex of exercises of physiotherapy exercises in this state consists of asymmetric movements.

It should be noted that at 4 degrees of scoliosis in patients with fully formed spine exercises exercise therapy are not effective. The main method of treatment is surgical intervention. This is the only way to correct violations in the structure of the spinal column.

Swimming and its role in the treatment of scoliosis changes in the spine

Swimming exercises of exercise therapy in scoliosis are allowed for almost any degree of pathological process. Possible contraindication may be unless the greater mobility of the vertebrae. But even in this case, they can be conducted under medical supervision. An individually designed complex of gymnastic exercises in the pool should meet the following conditions:

  1. Swimming movements are selected in accordance with the degree of the underlying disease, the presence or absence of concomitant diseases or complications, the age of the patient.
  2. When exercising, follow the correct breathing.
  3. Before the movement in the water, it is studied on land.
  4. Do not apply training on the development of flexibility and stretching of the body.

The lesson is built in the same way as usual in physical therapy. It starts with a warm-up that takes place outside the water. It also includes breathing exercises.

The next stage is swimming. With this pathology, the recommended style is a breast brace. Why? It is in this position of the body that rotational movements( which in our case are contraindicated) are not performed and the thorax is located along the surface of the water. Then the immediate complex of therapeutic exercises in the water is performed. Required pauses for breathing exercises. They will help to avoid heavy loads.

Any activity ends with gymnastic exercises on land, as well as breathing exercises. They are aimed at a gradual reduction of the load.

I would like to note that patients with scoliosis should periodically visit the attending physician to monitor changes in the condition of the spine and correction( if necessary) of the treatment process.

spinanezdorova.ru

Lfk with scoliosis. Yes or no?| |Diseases of the spine

Scoliosis is a lateral curvature of the spine, which mainly develops in children from six to fifteen years old. With age, he can progress. Therefore, it is very important to notice it in time to take appropriate measures.

LFK in scoliosis is one of the methods of conservative treatment of this disease, which has not only a therapeutic effect, but also a rehabilitation one too.

The main goals of exercise therapy in scoliosis:

1. Elimination of muscular imbalance.2. Lifting the load from the spine.3. Correct development and strengthening of the ligament-muscular apparatus of the trunk.4. The formation of correct posture.

Exercises of exercise therapy in scoliosis are facilitated by:

1) strengthening the muscles supporting the spine;2) correcting the deformation of the spine;4) improving the function of external respiration;5) general strengthening of the body.

Many wonder how you can cure scoliosis. With simple forms of the disease conservative methods of treatment are used: exercise therapy, massage, electric stimulation of muscles at rest, swimming. In severe forms of scoliosis, surgical methods of treatment are used.

Scoliosis of the third degree is characterized by deformation of the thorax because of the high degree of rotation of the vertebrae around its axis. This entails the wrong position of the ribs: on the bulge side they protrude outward, and on the opposite side they are drowned inwards. The main external feature is a clearly visible rib hump. The angle of curvature of the main arc is in the range of twenty-six to fifty degrees.

Complex of exercise therapy for scoliosis

Complex of exercise therapy for scoliosis is performed at a slow pace and daily.

1. Lie on your back, hands resting on the back of your head. Inhale and spread your elbows to the sides. Exhale and bring them together. And so three times.2. Lie on your back. Inhale and alternately bend the legs to the stomach. Exhale, straighten your legs.3. Lie on your back and bend your legs in the knee joints. Bending in the thoracic spine, lift the pelvis.4. Lie on your stomach. Inhale, raising your body and bending the thoracic spine. Exhale, lowering your torso.5. Lay down on your side, with a cotton swab. Inhale, throwing your hands behind your head. Exhale as they drop down.6. Stand on all fours. Inhale, simultaneously stretching the right leg and left arm. Returning to the initial position, exhale. Then change your leg and arm. Repeat the same three times.

LFK for scoliosis of the thoracic part

LFK in scoliosis of the thoracic area is recommended to be performed in both acute and chronic forms of the disease. The main thing is that there is not a lot of pain.

1. Sit on a chair with a back, hands down along the trunk. Inhale, placing your hands on the back of your head and bending back to the top of your back. Exhale, back to the starting position.2. Lie on your back and spread your arms. In the area of ​​the thoracic spine, place a hard roller. Inhale and bend. On exhalation, lift the upper part of the trunk and move the cushion along the spine. And so three times.

LFK in Scoliosis of the 2nd degree

LFK in scoliosis of the 2nd degree should be supervised by qualified instructors.

1. Stand with your shoulders open, touch the wall with buttocks, calves and heels. Take a step or two from the wall, keeping the posture.2. Lie on the floor and press the lumbar region of the spine to the floor. Stand up, taking the correct posture.

LFK in scoliosis in children

LFK in scoliosis in children is shown to all. The main thing is to choose the right exercises and carry them out constantly. However, it should be noted that there are certain problems. The fact is that before reaching the age of fourteen, you can not apply complex movements on the simulators to correct scoliosis. It is also forbidden to use strength training to strengthen the muscles. Therefore, we offer you only those exercises that can be performed at home without harm to health.

1. Lie on your back, straightening your arms along the body. Inhale, while lifting both hands up. Exhale, drop them down.2. Stand on all fours. Bend your arms in the elbow joints until you touch the chest with the floor.3. Lie on your stomach, straighten your arms along the body. Leaning on your hands, simultaneously raise your body, alternating one arm, then another. And so three times.

As you can see, exercise therapy in the treatment of scoliosis gives a positive result. But it is important not to be lazy and do everything right. Strong to you health!

moypozvonochnik.ru

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