Why all the joints of the body ache: possible causes and treatment.
It is very important that the patient in a timely manner seek medical help, when all the joints of the body ache, the reason, their treatment is established only by a specialist. Your attending physician will analyze the symptoms and tell you where to go. With age, the joints of a person begin to gradually wear out. Therefore, in most cases, complaints of pain are made by patients of old age. But in some cases young people can complain about it. What is the reason for the fact that several joint groups start to hurt at the same time, and how to cope with this problem?
Risk Factors for
There are several risk factors that can lead to a disease. One of the most common is heredity. If, for example, the grandmother and mother were suffering from several joint groups at the same time, then the next generation may sooner or later have this problem.
Sex is another risk factor. It is noticed that among women, joint diseases are several times more common than in men. In this case, women often become ill after the onset of their menopause. This is due to the fact that before him "women" are protected by their own sex hormones. With age, their number begins to inexorably decrease, and after they practically disappear, there is no one to protect the woman, and the joints begin to gradually deform and collapse. Men do not have such a problem. Therefore, the joints due to the violation of the hormonal background, they hurt a little less often than women.
In men, pain in the joints occurs mainly due to heavy physical labor. This is due to the fact that they are constantly subjected to a heavy load. Gradually the cartilage begins to wear out, the joints themselves become inflamed and at the same time deformed.
People who often suffer from a disease such as angina can complain about joint pain. This is due to the fact that the bacteria that cause angina can negatively affect the joints, especially the large ones.
Causes and treatment of pain in all joints of the body are closely interrelated.
Causes of joint pain
Often, patients ask their attending physicians why almost all joints and back ache immediately? There are many different reasons for this.
Age. In the bone tissue there are two groups of cells. One group, osteoblasts, helps the bone tissue to be renewed. And the second group, osteoclasts, takes a very direct part in the destruction of bone. With age, the joints are broken more and more, therefore to old age they are deformed and destroyed. This is the main reason why older people begin to suffer joints and spine at the same time.
The hypodynamia, from which the majority of the population "suffer", can lead to the fact that several groups of joints begin to hurt a person at once. Injuries to the joints can also lead to the fact that the disease begins to develop. This problem can arise in sportsmen who professionally engage in sports. Most often this is due to the fact that during intensive training the cartilage of the joints quickly wear out.
Infectious diseases and their complications often lead to the appearance of joint pains throughout the body and back.
Very often the diagnosis of polyarthritis, that is, the inflammation of several joint groups, is given to those people who have some problems with being overweight.
Some people are interested, but is there a correlation between malnutrition and joint diseases throughout the body? Experts unequivocally declare: yes, and the most direct! Improper eating, which is the excessive use of fried, fatty, spicy foods and alcohol-containing beverages, leads to a metabolic disorder. As a result, a large amount of a substance such as uric acid begins to form in the body. Its surpluses are just deposited on the joints. This leads to the fact that almost all joints and spine begin to hurt in a person.
Prolonged intake of certain hormonal drugs, especially glucocorticosteroids, leads to the gradual destruction of joints. In this case, the lesion covers mainly large groups of joints. Most often, hip, knee, wrist and whole spine suffer. In this case, the pains in the whole body, including the back, are so intense that it is very difficult to remove them with conventional anti-inflammatory analgesic drugs.
Severe pain can occur when a person falls on the back and hits the surface with the vertebral body. In this case, a fracture of the spine is possible, it requires long-term treatment in the hospital, and then at home.
Causes of the disease are diverse. Therefore, before the appointment of drug therapy it is necessary to establish what led to the defeat in this case.
The diagnosis of the disease is made not only on the basis of complaints of the patient himself, his examination, but also on the results of these laboratory and other additional survey methods. The most informative method for diagnosing diseases of all joints and spine is x-ray. Another method that allows to confirm or refute the diagnosis is a computer tomography.
From laboratory methods of investigation the most informative is the general analysis of blood with the expanded formula. Recently, the defeat of joints throughout the body is caused by autoimmune causes, so the immunological analysis of the blood can become informative, it helps to identify antibodies that are produced to the cells of the joints of their body.
Treatment of diseases
Treatment of diseases should begin after the causes of their occurrence are precisely established.
As the pain basically causes a person to see a doctor, the first thing to do in any case is anesthesia. This can help conventional non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
Very often, the disease is accompanied by fever, pain and body aches. This, too, must be taken into account when prescribing treatment. Usually, these symptoms indicate a disease such as rheumatism. It is autoimmune, so it affects not only the joints, but the whole body. For his treatment, immunomodulators should be prescribed.
Non-pharmacological methods should include such therapeutic measures as massage and physiotherapy exercises. But at the same time it is necessary to take into account that when they are carried out the patient should not feel any pain.
If the cause of the disease is heavy physical exertion, then experts recommend using, for example, elastic bandages, which will reduce the impact of the load on the joints.
In order to save your joints, you must constantly protect them and do preventive work. It's not for nothing that people agree with the statement that the disease is easier to prevent than cure. The first thing to do is to avoid hypothermia whenever possible, as it can lead to a disease like angina. And it, in turn, can give complications. And in itself, hypothermia can lead to inflammation of several groups of joints.
Both women and men need to closely monitor their weight, since overweight is the direct way to deforming arthrosis of at least knee and hip joints. Men and women need to monitor their motor activity. When moving, there is no stagnation of blood and joint fluid. Joints do not deform and do not hurt.
In addition, you need to monitor your drinking regimen. It is known that an average adult person should drink at least two liters of liquid per day. In this case, the synovial articular fluid is constantly updated. If the fluid is not enough, the cartilage begins to rub, causing severe pain, and the joints begin to deform.
If you carefully monitor your joints, then problems with them will not arise.
Why do bones hurt?
The condition, when the bones are cracked and the whole body aches from this, is familiar to almost everyone. In most cases, people believe that this is due to physical overstrain. But the causes of pain may be more serious. Let's find out why the bones ache.
Why do leg bones hurt?
Did you walk or stand all day long? Then in the evening do not ask yourself why the bones ache on your feet. During standing and walking, the whole mass of a person acts on them. With such increased loads, it is not easy to cope and the bones may be slightly ache a bit late.
The skeleton of the lower extremities may be affected by:
- obliterating atherosclerosis;
- parathyroid gland disease.
The patient may have not only unpleasant sensations in the legs, but also the pallor of the skin, intermittent claudication and a feeling of "crawling".
Do not you go in for sports and mostly lead a sedentary lifestyle? Then why do you have leg bones below your knee? Night pains of this nature are very typical for venereal disease of syphilis, Osgood-Schlatter disease, vascular and various nervous disorders.
Very often, the heel bone hurts in women - what is it and why is this problem not often eliminated with conventional anesthetic drugs? Flat foot is one of the most common causes of severe pain in the bones of the foot. They also appear with:
- affection of neighboring anatomical structures;
- occurrence of calcaneal spur;
- appearance of vascular disorders.
Why do pelvic bones ache?
Pelvic bone pains often result from too intense physical training, infections and blood system diseases. Are you pregnant and do not know why the pelvic bones ache? Everything is very simple. This is due to the fact that the uterus with the fetus increases significantly in weight and size. Because of this, the pelvic bones experience increased stress. Sometimes unpleasant sensations in large pelvic bones are associated with a lack of calcium in the body of a woman.
Why are the bones of the hands hurt?
Basically, the pain in the wrist appears only in training and if the person broke the brush. Do you have an injury? Then why are the bones of the hands hurt? Unpleasant sensations can be associated with rheumatoid or arthritic arthritis, various inflammatory processes in the joints and osteoarthrosis.
The forearm bones in most cases hurt due to osteomyelitis. But in the humerus there are unpleasant sensations in the defeat of tendons in the shoulder area, as well as ligaments or bags of the shoulder joint.
Why do I break a bone |KIM
Each of these diseases should be considered in more detail.
Osteoarthritis is a chronic destruction of cartilage in the joints. It can be caused, both by excessive inactivity, and by high physical loads. In this disease, the patient is concerned with pain in the knee, hip and ankle joints, as well as in the joints of the hands. The pain is usually manifested during the day. Painful sensations increase after standing or with physical exertion. At the same time in the morning and after rest the pain noticeably abates or passes completely. Periodically, with arthrosis in the joints may appear crunching and clicking.
Blunt joint pain can be troubling from several hours to several days, weeks and even months. In most cases with deforming arthrosis helps physiotherapy, a variety of massages, mud therapy and swimming.
Until now, the exact causes of rheumatoid arthritis have not been established. Doctors say that with this disease, there are shifts in the immune system. Most often, the development of the disease triggers ARVI, sore throats, chronic viral infections. It is also known that women suffer from rheumatoid arthritis three times more often than men.
In this disease, patients often complain of moderate pain in wrist, temporal and ankle joints, as well as in phalanges of fingers. In this case the joints most often swell and blush. Moreover, reddening and swelling are observed symmetrically from two sides. It is also characteristic that the pain is present in at least two different groups of joints. Another characteristic feature of the disease is the stiffness of movements after awakening. Patients need a few hours to "disperse".Pain sensations can be periodic or permanent.
If you suspect a rheumatoid arthritis, you should consult a doctor right away. Despite the fact that arthritis is not cure, timely surgical treatment and anti-inflammatory drugs can be stopped in time.
One of the reasons why bones are aching all over the body is gout. This disease is caused by the deposition of uric acid crystals in various organs. Over time, the deposits of acids become cones. Typical sites for deposition are elbow joints, ears, the back surface of the fingers, as well as the area of the calcaneal tendons. Propensity to gout is inherited.
In this disease, patients experience strong, burning, pulsating, pressing and tearing pain. The strongest painful sensations are noted in the dark, and by morning weaken. Usually seizures are provoked by the intake of alcohol, fatty foods and meat. On average, seizures are repeated up to six times a year. Each attack lasts an average of 2-3 days.
To ease the attack, doctors prescribe various analgesics. In order for the disease to pass in a mild form, patients need to undergo treatment and adhere to a special diet.
Rheumatism occurs after such diseases as scarlet fever and tonsillitis, and also caused by streptococcus. The heart suffers most from this swelling, but in 50% of cases the joints are affected.
Usually patients complain of pain in the knee, elbow and hip joints. Back pain can be accompanied by redness and a slight swelling, which occurs regardless of the time of day, but passes quickly enough. The pains are fickle and mobile: one day may be sick in one place, and the next - in another completely.
Articular pains and tumors in rheumatism usually last no more than two to three days. Without medical intervention, this disease can not be cured. With timely and properly selected treatment can be cured without consequences for the body. The treatment will take a lot of time, because doctors will have to eliminate the root cause of the disease.
In some cases, pain in the bones and joints is a concomitant sign of other diseases.
Why the bones of the hands hurt and what if it happens
In the fist clenched hand, joints are best seen. Since there are very few surrounding and protecting tissues, it is easy to damage these joints of the finger bones, especially when they are compressed. Other causes of pain in the bones of the hand are associated with diseases and their severe complications.
Bones of the hand
The human hand consists of 27 bones of the hand, 2 forearms, 1 shoulder and 2 shoulder girdles. The bones of the wrist in each hand are distributed as follows:This makes the brush one of the most flexible parts of the body. Each finger consists of 3 bones( proximal, middle and distal phalanx), except for the large one. He is from 2 bones.
Why the bones in the arm hurt
Predominantly the pain appears as a result of injury from the impact of a hard object. Discomfort in the joints arises due to excessive use of the hand and fingers, which leads to deformation of the muscles, tendons and joints of bones. It is not always possible to distinguish between bone and joint pain, so their condition is treated together.
Injury to the limbJoint injury occurs due to the following factors:
- Excessive use.
In most cases, it causes inflammation of the soft tissues, and bone itself is rarely damaged. Muscles and tendons become strained, ligaments in the injured area are stretched or even torn. From a very hard blow, the bone is damaged or even broken. Stress fractures are tiny cracks in the bone. They appear when the tissues are unable to withstand the applied force.
We do not think about that, but the pain in the wrists arises from long hours of working with the computer mouse, manipulating the mobile phone or the video game controller on it. This is due to carpal tunnel syndrome, but excessive stress on the wrist also affects the joints. Muscle spasms and tendonitis( inflammation of the tendon) affects the back of the hand and extends to the fingers. This is due to sports injuries and abusing manipulations with the limbs.Other causes of injuries - the impact of aggressive chemicals, burns and insect bites - affect the surface tissues, the skin and what is under it, rather than the bones or joints.
Affects bones, joints and subcutaneous tissue covering them. Infection without injuries with skin damage, when germs, in particular bacteria, can get inside, is rare. Sometimes microbes circulate with blood and reach bones. Infection of their and adjacent areas then takes the form:
- Septic arthritis - joint infections.
- Cellulitis - infections of the subcutaneous tissue.
- Impetigo or erysipelas is a skin infection.
In and around the bones are not associated with infection or trauma diseases. Sometimes they develop after tissue damage or infection, but also occur spontaneously. Speaking of the latter case, it can be associated with other processes, autoimmune diseases, when the immune system attacks the tissues of the body, thereby causing inflammation.
Bones, muscles, tendons and joints are the basic structures of the hand. Most limb diseases affect many of these structures.
- Myositis is an inflammation of the muscles that is not associated with trauma. This is the cause of significant muscle pain.
- Tendonitis is an inflammation of the muscle tendons that fix the muscles to the bones. Tendons with the back of the palm are often inflamed with excessive use of the hand.
- Osteoarthritis - wear and damage to cartilage at the ends of bones in the joint.
- Gout - accumulation in the joints of urate crystals, resulting in inflammation of the joints.
- Rheumatoid arthritis - inflammation of joints due to the influence of the immune system, which attacks cartilage shells of bones.
- Peripheral neuropathy is a disease of the nerve in the limbs that causes pain in the affected area without trauma and inflammation of other tissues.
Disease of the skin
The cause of the pain are problems with the skin over the joint. Some skin diseases are visible, others are indicated by less obvious symptoms, pain and itching. The skin looks healthy at the same time.
There are about 245 different bones in the human body. And it is extremely unpleasant when at least she starts to hurt. The reasons for this may be very different. Let's deal with why the bones ache.
The pain can be different, and quite often its specificity can shed light on the disease. So, for example, pulling pain more often speaks about problems in muscles, rather than in bones. In addition, it is important to understand that the joint - part of the bone and the pain can be caused by the disruption of the joint.
Why the bones ache: the frequent causes of
Most often, the pain occurs due to any injury - fracture, bruise, dislocation or compression. Pain will be particularly strong if the bone is close to the surface of the skin, rather than under a large layer of muscle or fat.
- Inflammation of bones - osteitis. This ailment, as a rule, begins to develop when there is irritation of the periosteum with bruising or compression of the bone. In addition, bone inflammation often occurs with open fractures.
- Fluid in the joint. Sometimes, when the joint is mechanically affected, a fluid begins to accumulate in the joint capsule. It expands the space, and because of this arises the swelling of the joint, which in turn leads to pain, including in the bones. Trauma sometimes accompanied by rupture of the joint capsule. Because the bones are jointed, the pain is transmitted to the bones.
- Inflammation of the joint - arthritis. This disease can be acute or chronic. At it the joint swells up and becomes painful, the general mobility is broken. With this disease, an excess of bone tissue can be observed at the unprotected ends of the bones, which leads to joint immobility and pain in the bones themselves.
- Osteoarthritis. This disease affects the cartilaginous tissue due to wear and tear of the joint. After the joint ceases to cope with its functions, bone tissue begins to damage, which leads to severe pain.
- Various bone diseases. These include bone cancer, osteomalacia - softening and deformation of bones, as well as osteoporosis - thinning of bone tissue. These diseases are extremely severe, with severe chronic pain.
Bones can often hurt in children, most often pain in the bones of the limbs. This is due to the active growth of all tissues. Over time, such pains pass.
Prolonged exposure to cold, damp indoors, physical overwork or stressful situations can also be the reason why the bones ache.
In addition, bone pain sometimes appears in diseases such as liver cirrhosis, leukemia, or in vitamin A hypervitaminosis.
Why the leg bones ache
Many people complain of pain in the bones of the legs. The causes that cause them can be the following:
- Dehydration or an extremely low number of important chemical elements such as potassium, magnesium, sodium in the blood;
- Fatigue from heavy physical exertion, or staying in one static position;
- Cracks, fractures or dislocations of the bones of the legs;
- Various chronic diseases - atherosclerosis, thrombosis, Leggate-Perthes disease, bone tumor, arthritis and arthrosis;
- Damage and abnormal nerve work, especially when they are caused by alcohol and cigarette abuse.
Why the bones hurt during pregnancy
Quite often in later terms young moms experience bone pain. First of all, this is due to the fact that the weight has increased, so the bones do not cope with normal loads. In addition, there may be a lack of vitamin D and calcium, which are necessary in pregnancy.
But most often, pregnant people are worried about the question of why the pubic bone hurts. Doctors say that this is due to the fact that the bones and joints soften for a more comfortable passage of the child through the birth canal. Also, such pain can be caused by the action of a hormone - relaxin, which is produced in large quantities during pregnancy.
Remember that if you periodically experience bone pain, you should consult a specialist. After all, before you start treatment, you need to understand the reason why the bones hurt.