Which doctor heals flat feet

Flat feet in children

After carefully examining the foot of a small child, it is easy to see that it is almost flat. But this does not mean that the baby has a flat foot. Just stop before the end is not formed. In the process of growth, when the child begins to walk, it will change, gradually to 3-4 years of taking the desired form. The arches of the foot, not visible at an early age due to a layer of subcutaneous fat, will also form later. Flattening in children is detected only by an orthopedic physician. What are the causes of the disease and how to treat it properly?

Causes of flatfoot

The incidence of congenital flatfoot is very low, about 3%.The disease is mainly acquired in the process of life if the following rules are not observed:

  • Children should walk barefoot more often than in shoes. The formation of the arch of the foot is better in natural conditions.
  • Do not overweight.
  • If children do not move much during the day, due to insufficient loading of the foot, they develop incorrectly.
  • Shoes for the child need to be selected with a small heel and soft instep. The back is preferable to hard.
  • Do not allow children to wear other preterm footwear, it does not correctly distribute the load on the feet.
  • A child should get vitamin D and calcium in plenty.
  • The foot should be constantly trained on foot barefoot walks. Feet let them run along the grass, along the relief soil. This is the guarantee of leg health!

In childhood, the bones, muscles and ligaments of the feet are not yet strong. It is very important to create conditions for their proper development in order to maintain health.

Types of flatfoot in children

Flattening in its origin is divided into congenital and acquired. Types of acquired flatfoot:

  • Paralytic. It is formed due to the transferred poliomyelitis against the background of muscle paralysis. The stronger the paralysis, the more pronounced the flat feet.
  • Ricky. It occurs as a result of rickets. The child who has suffered rickets, incorrectly formed bones, including the bones of the foot. They are weakened and under pressure of body weight are deformed. Promotes the bending of the bones of a weak muscle-ligament apparatus.
  • Traumatic. Develops as a result of fractures of feet and ankles.
  • Statistical. They suffer the greatest number of people. It arises because of weak muscles and ligaments of feet and legs. It is characteristic for people with overweight, who prefer shoes with too high heels or uncomfortable shoes, spending a lot of time on their legs, with a hereditary predisposition to the disease.

The foot has two arches:

  • Longitudinal - from heel to metatarsal bones.
  • Cross - under the toes.

Depending on the damage of one or another vault, the flatfoot is longitudinal and transverse. It is not excluded and the combined version.

Longitudinal flat feet are more common in children with overweight. The bones of the child are still soft, and under the weight of the body spread out.

For transverse flatfoot, the anterior part of the foot is characterized, the fingers are turned "fan", take the form of hammers, the thumb is deflected outwards. Characteristic of the appearance of the stone.

To understand what are the features of the development of flatfoot and how to choose the right footwear for the child, see the "Doctor Komarovsky School" program.

Symptoms of platypodia

Parents themselves can identify some signs of flat feet in their children.

  • Sometimes we notice that the child is clubbing, that is, the toes of his foot are turned outward. It happens when the muscles of the foot are relaxed and do not support its correct position. This flat foot is called valgus.
  • There is an occasion to think about flat feet, when walking a child comes to the inner edge of the foot.

If you notice such symptoms in your children, you must visit an orthopedic doctor to determine the exact diagnosis.

A child under 1 year of age must be shown to the doctor at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months. The next visit will be when he starts walking. At the age of more than 1 year, children should visit the orthopedic doctor once a year.

Flattened 1st degree

This is a mild degree of the disease. Visually it can not be determined, the shape of the foot does not change. The patient very much gets tired after physical exertion, as there is not sufficient amortization of the musculoskeletal system. The patient changes his gait and by the evening his legs swell. If you press on the foot, there is a lot of pain.

First of all, you need to remove the pain, then strengthen the muscles and ligaments. For this, orthopedic shoes or insoles are used. Daily curative gymnastics is well combined with a massage of the back and feet. A positive effect is provided by swimming and physiotherapy( magnetotherapy, electrostimulation, pearl and air-water foot baths).

Carefully select children's shoes: necessarily the presence of a low heel, flexible sole, shoes should not strongly compress the foot.

Flattening of 2nd degree

The stop of the foot decreases. It flattened, poorly performs the spring function, the legs hurt constantly and very hard to the knee. The patient is difficult to move. The gait becomes heavy, the clubfoot is noticeable.

Flatness of 3rd degree

The foot is so deformed that it is noticeable even to a specialist. The feet are constantly aching, swelling, people can not walk in the usual shoes. Because of the violation of the foot functions, the spine and head begin to ache. The posture can change, there are such diseases as osteochondrosis and a hernia of the spine, scoliosis, arthrosis of the joints.

Transverse platypodia

The transverse platypodia( also congenital and acquired) has three degrees of development:

  • The first degree - the big toe deviates by about 20 degrees outwards and hurts, the legs become very tired when loaded, the skin reddens on 2-4 fingers.
  • The second degree - the big toe deviates already by 20-40 degrees, with loads on the foot there is a strong pain and burning sensation covers the entire foot. Characteristic of the appearance of corns.
  • The third degree is the last one, it is more pronounced than others. The big toe deviates by 35-40 degrees, the front part of the foot is completely flattened, the foot is unbearably sore even with small loads. A large number of corns give unbearable pain. The shape of the legs changes, bursitis starts - inflammation of the periarticular bag.

The cause of transverse flatfoot can serve as a narrow, compressive foot shoes and high heels.

How to treat

Flat-footedness is treated with two main methods - surgical and conservative.

If a child is born with a flatfoot, the correction of the shape of the foot is made with specially adapted langings or plaster bandages.

In case of acquired flatfoot, which is finally revealed at the age of 5 years, doctors advise using orthopedic insoles. They not only allow the leg to feel comfortable in the shoes, but also contribute to the correct formation of the foot.

With a disease of 1 degree, foot and shin massage is effective. Exercise therapy and physiotherapy with flat feet in children help to strengthen the muscles and ligaments of the foot, and also remove the pain.

Only by procedures in a hospital setting, therapy should not be limited. For the treatment of flat feet in children at home, the doctor develops a set of exercises that must be performed at home regularly, every day.

With flat feet, you should always walk barefoot on the sand, grass, small stones. After bathing, it is recommended to rub the feet well with a towel to improve blood circulation. Widely used methods such as manual therapy, the use of mats from flat feet( as in the photo below).

Drugs in childhood are not used due to a large number of side effects. Surgical methods of treatment are also not used.

Treatment is important to carry out in a timely manner and finish up to 13-14 years. The older the child, the more difficult it is to fight the disease.

Massage with flat feet

Only regular application of foot massage will give the desired result( at least 12 sessions).The procedure lasts usually about 10 minutes. Begins a massage from the waist, because from there comes the innervation of the legs. Then the calf muscle is massaged, then the Achilles tendon, the outer side of the shin, the back of the foot, the sole, again the calf muscle and the sole. The hands of the massage therapist usually move from the fingers to the heel and from the ankle joint to the knee.

At massage of a foot various adaptations can be applied: massage balls, rollers and massage rugs. These products do not treat better than human hands, but their impact is exerted.

Massage is contraindicated for people suffering from skin diseases and diseases of the vascular system. For young children, the entire surface of the foot is massaged.


It is almost impossible to get rid of flat feet in children without special physical exercises. This is an integral and indispensable part of the treatment. Individual exercises are used in physical education classes in educational institutions. In the complex there is nothing difficult, every mom can perform exercises at home with the child. The main thing is to do them every day, and, if possible, 2 times a day, repeating each exercise up to 15 times.

  • Walk along with the baby on toes, on the heels, on the outer and inner sides of the foot, on a flat floor and on a relief massage mat.
  • Put the child on a chair, legs together. Ask him to pull his toes up.
  • Then let it bend and unbutton your toes.
  • Ask the baby to bend his fingers and simultaneously turn the feet inwards.
  • Turn the legs to each other so that the fingers meet, and then turn the other way.
  • We scatter small toys to the right of the chair and ask the child to grab them with their toes and shift to the left side. Then vice versa.
  • Under the feet of the child a sheet, let her fingers try to crush her.
  • We stroke the right leg with the left, rise from the fingers up to the knee. Then stroke the left foot with the right foot.
  • We perform the exercise with the ball. Let the child rolls the ball clockwise with each foot in turn. Then ask him to grab the ball with his feet and maximally raise it, lower it back to the floor.
  • Place a pipe in front of the chair, ask the child to roll it with its legs back and forth.

Schematically the exercises are shown in the photo below.

Gymnastics with flat feet in children greatly strengthens the muscles and ligaments of the legs, they better support the arch of the foot. Improves blood circulation in the legs and accelerates the lymph drainage. Also, physical education promotes the best development of intraarticular fluid, which improves the mobility of joints, makes movements free, removes inflammation and pain in the joints.

Much more interesting for the child exercises will take place in nature, where he can roll different stones, sticks. Praise him more often, and the usual occupation will turn into an exciting pastime.

Insoles from flat feet

Orthopedic insoles are used not for the prevention of flatfoot, but only for the treatment of illness. In addition, the patient is recommended to choose comfortable shoes.

All models of orthopedic insoles are made on the same principle - where the inner arch of the foot is located, the instep is modeled. The heel deepens, the overflow zone is made higher, in the zone of the transverse arch there is a metatarsal pillow.

If necessary, "wedges" are placed under the insole to give the correct foot position at various deviations from the norm.

Orthopedic insoles are sold in a pharmacy or a specialized store, but they do not take into account the individual characteristics of the foot of a particular person. Therefore, it is better to produce them individually to order.

Prophylaxis of

In order to prevent flat feet in the future, the children have a lot of trouble and troubles, it is important to prevent the disease from an early childhood.

  • Pay more attention to the baby's shoes. It should fit tightly and fix the ankle joint, have a hard back and a small heel about 0.5 cm. Do not buy children shoes on flat soles and without backs.
  • After bathing, pour the legs of children alternately with cool and warm water, then rub well with a towel.
  • If the child at home walks barefoot, try to shoe it for at least 10-15 minutes per hour.
  • Play with children in games in which you need to act with your feet - grab and rearrange small items, pick up toys from the floor.

Acquired flat feet indicates that the parents did not pay proper attention to the child and allowed the occurrence of the disease. In adulthood, it is much more difficult to cure, even surgical intervention is not always effective. It is easier to prevent pathology than cure.

For more information on the causes, prevention and treatment of pediatric flatfoot, see the video below.

If you know of any other methods of getting rid of flat feet in children, tell about it in the comments. Your advice will be useful to other parents.

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All about flatfoot and its treatment - Polysmed

Types of flatfoot.

There are several basic types of flatfoot, these include:

  1. Static flat feet - this is the most common type of flatfoot, the development of which is associated with muscle weakness and sprain, which leads to the omission of the inner edge of the foot and the development of flatfoot. The causes of muscle weakness in static flat feet include increased body weight, hereditary factors( muscle tone disorder and weak ligamentous apparatus), overload of feet, wearing poor-quality footwear( tight, rubber shoes, too high a heel or lack thereof).
  2. Congenital flat feet develops during the intrauterine period and is associated with anomalies in the development of the musculoskeletal system.
  3. Ricky flatfoot. Rickets is a disease characterized by a decrease in vitamin D levels in the child's body and is one of the reasons for the development of flat feet in childhood.
  4. Traumatic platypodia. Trauma of the foot, including incorrectly fused fractures of the foot bones, lead to the development of flat feet.
  5. Paralytic flat feet( paralytic flat foot) can develop after a previous polio, which leads to paralysis of the muscles of the foot and lower leg.

What are the types of flatfoot?

. Depending on which arch of the foot is flattened, three types of flatfoot are distinguished:

Longitudinal flatfoot

With longitudinal flat feet, the foot touches the floor with its entire surface, resulting in an increase in the length of the foot. The main symptom of longitudinal flat feet is the shortening of the distance between the inner edge of the foot and the floor surface. With longitudinal flat feet, clubfoot develops, which leads to wear of the footwear along the entire length of the sole and heel from the inside.

The degree of flatfoot depends on the degree of deformation of the foot. There are 3 degrees of flatfoot:

  1. At the first degree of flatfoot( slight longitudinal flatfoot) there is no visible deformation of the foot. Feeling of fatigue in the legs appears after physical exertion, long walking or running. When pressing in the foot area, painful sensations appear. By the evening, stops can swell, the smoothness of the gait is disturbed.
  2. The second degree of flatfoot( moderately pronounced longitudinal flatfoot) is characterized by the disappearance of the arch of the foot. Pain at 2 degrees of flatfoot is stronger, frequent, spreading from the feet to the ankles and lower legs. The muscles of the foot lose elasticity, the smoothness of the gait is disturbed.
  3. The third degree of flatfoot is characterized by a pronounced deformation of the foot. There is constant pain and swelling in the feet, legs, knee joints. At 3 degrees of longitudinal flat feet, pain in the lower back and painful headache. Decreased work capacity, even short walking is difficult. A man with a 3 degree of flatfoot can not walk in ordinary shoes.

Transverse Platypodia

With transverse flatfoot, the length of the foot decreases as a result of discrepancy of the foot bones, deviation of the thumb from the outside and deformation of the middle finger, which acquires a hammer-shaped shape. At the base of the thumb appears a painful osseous thickening in the form of a cone.

There are three degrees of transverse flatfoot, depending on the degree of curvature of the first toe:

  1. First degree( slight transverse flatfoot).The angle of the deviation of the first toe is less than 20 degrees. After a long walk or standing, fatigue appears. On the foot in the area of ​​2-4 fingers appear on the skin( thickening of the skin), as well as redness and insignificant soreness in the area of ​​the first toe.
  2. At 2 degrees of flatfoot( moderately pronounced transverse flatfoot), the angle of deviation of the first toe is 20-35 degrees. When the load appears, pain and burning in the area of ​​the foot and in the first finger, especially in the shoes. Appearance spreads in the area of ​​the toes. Hemorrhages increase in size.
  3. Third degree of flatfoot( pronounced transverse flatfoot).The angle of the deviation of the first toe is more than 35 degrees. When the load is marked strong, persistent pain in the foot. The spreading of the forefoot is pronounced. On the foot in the area of ​​the fingers are formed significant burrs. The first finger is in the dislocation position, it is possible to develop bursitis( inflammation of the periarticular bag), severe deformation of 2-4 toes( hammer-shaped).

Mixed flat feet includes longitudinal and transverse flatfoot and has more pronounced symptoms.

Flattening in adults.

Adults usually develop static flat feet( longitudinal, transverse, or combined).In men, flat feet usually develop after injuries to the ankles or fractures in the foot, as well as professional flat feet, which is associated with prolonged standing on the legs, lifting weights. Women often cause flat feet to wear high-heeled shoes. The fact is that during the wearing of high heels, the center of gravity of the body shifts, which leads to an increase in the load on the front part of the foot and the turn of the foot inside.

Diagnostics of flatfoot.

If you have the main symptoms of flatfoot, it is recommended that you visit an orthopedic doctor. The doctor will examine you and conduct special studies:

  1. Podometriya - measuring the height of the arch of the foot from the floor.
  2. Plantography is the study of a footprint left on paper.
  3. To determine the degree of flatfoot, the doctor will prescribe the X-ray of the foot in the lateral projection

Treatment of flat feet in adults.

There are 2 main methods of treating flatfoot: surgically and conservatively.

Conservative treatment of flat feet includes foot massage, foot baths, electrophoresis, therapeutic gymnastics, wearing orthopedic shoes, special insoles, etc., and is prescribed in the first and second stages of flatfoot development. In some cases, conservative methods of treatment are ineffective, and therefore require surgical treatment.

Also surgical treatment is required for the treatment of the third stage of flatfoot. There are several types of operations with flat feet, but the main goal of surgical treatment is shortening of ligaments, correction of the arches of the foot and elimination of the effects of flat feet( for example, deviation of the first toe of the foot).

Flat feet in children.

All children are born with imaginary flat feet, which is explained by the abundance of subcutaneous fat in the foot. A peculiarity of imaginary childish flat feet is that as children grow older, they naturally get rid of flat feet: with the development of walking and running, muscles develop and the child's foot takes on the usual outlines. The full formation of the arches of the foot is completed by 3 years. In this regard, a flat foot in children under three years can not be attributed to a true flat foot.

In childhood there is congenital and acquired flat feet. The cause of congenital flat feet are the developmental defects of the foot in the intrauterine period.

Acquired flat feet in children, usually due to the following factors:

  1. Walking on a log, climbing a rope © - Using information without a hyperlink to the source is prohibited.

    Reviews about "All about flatfoot and its treatment":

    October 7, 2011 12:54 Anel well helps walk on the mop, especially on wooden Soviet, as well as walk in the position of a bearded bear, also very good April 18, 201210:01 the searcher would like to know who is the author of this article? Who can I ask questions?who can reasonably explain why this is so, and not on another need to correct flat feet?on what are its conclusions based? May 29, 2012 12:02 Love I also have a transverse flatfoot, it's hard to walk. The feet of my feet are burning with fire, I probably will not be able to give up my legs at all. I've always worked physically, the load on my legs was huge, now I'm suffering, plus still fashionablenarrow shoes with heels. Now it is difficult to pick up shoes. I have a big problem. July 13, 2012 02:13 Natali With longitudinal flat feet, a child of 6 years old can be engaged in ballroom dancing?13 July, 2012 10:59 MedKollegia_Polismed Hello. Ballroom dancing can both improve, so to harm your child's condition. It depends on the degree of flat feet. That's why, before you give the child to the dance, be sure to consult an orthopedic doctor. August 22, 2012 08:42 Zuhra Hello. My son is 6 years old, found a plane 3-4 degrees. Now we go to the treatment to the instructor LFK, massage, SMT.Question. This diagnosis is curable? August 22, 2012 11:11 MedKollegia_Polismed Hello. When flat feet of 3-4 degrees with ineffectiveness of conservative measures( LFK, massage, etc.), an operation is prescribed. In any case, the chances of a full recovery are high.03 september, 2012 21:57 Denis Hello, I am 18 years old, flat feet 3 degrees or higher, the joints have recently started to hurt( Muscles in the knee, shin and bones), although before that I was engaged in cycling, tourism generally ledactive way of life, not paying attention as any other teenager, a flat-footed hostile, what and how do I do?tell me please, insoles ordered what else do I need to do? ?I do not want to lose interest in all my hobbies because of such "Trivia". .. Thank you in advance!12 October, 2012 18:02 Dina good evening! To the son 6j year, have diagnosed a flat-valgus feet. But I do not understand who to believe, one orthopedist scared that the transverse-longitudinal plane.and almost goes deformations.chest, and the other is flat-valgus feet and everything is not so scary. . now I see that my daughter's legs go inside when walking, although half a year ago( in 2d) they said everything normal. What do I do not understand, here's to buy shoes, but I do not know what to take. Maybe somehow comment. . thanks! October 30, 2012 11:17 Katya Hello, my name is Catherine, today I went to see a surgeon and found out that I have a combined flat foot( transverse 2 degrees, longitudinal 2 degrees), advise what to do and what method to be treated? December 04, 2012 12:12 Sergey I'm 31 years old. When walking 4 km.the knee aches a day. What advise to do? April 18, 2015 23:03 Rimma Good evening. I'm 55 years old. I'm sick of feet on both feet.it is difficult to walk. on the left leg is a swollen ankle joint.sometimes it hurts a lot.when pressing a finger, a hole remains. I ask advice 05 May, 2015 12:56 nastya to which doctor you need in this case you need? May 06, 2015 18:47 The medical school Nastya in case of flat feet should consult an orthopedic doctor. June 27, 2015 17:17 Tatiana Up to what age can a child have a flat foot in a conservative way? June 28, 2015 08:03 Tatiana, the treatment of flat feet in a child depends on age, type of flat feet, the presence of concomitant diseases, hereditary factor, the type of conservative therapy. Of no less importance is the perseverance of ongoing activities. Conservative therapy is used not only in the treatment of flat feet in children, but also in adults. September 19, 2015 19:30 Natalia When treating longitudinal flatfoot with SMT therapy, it is necessary to arrange gaskets on the tables 12 January, 2016 09:12 Leo All this method of treating flatfoot is not effective. Existing and persistently recommended orthopedic parents orthopedic shoes, does not have a preventive function.treatment, and rehabilitation. This, in fact, is a prosthesis.which helps, relieves pain with active life, but no more. The prosthesis does not heal. And here.money from their parents is good. The same function is carried by all kinds of orthopedic insoles. There is a completely unique domestic patented technology for the prevention and treatment of flatfoot. It has no analogues in the world. Only, our health care system is not needed. The Ministry refused to introduce it. What for? Extra worries. February 04, 2016 08:54 Xenia Leo! And what kind of technique? Where can I get acquainted with it? What does it give? I'm not asking from curiosity, but from necessity.

    Add your comment:

  2. Skate on the floor with a foot of a rolling pin or a small ball.
  3. A napkin is placed on the floor, which is suggested to be crushed with the help of a foot.
  4. The child is offered to collect his toes and move from place to place the objects scattered on the floor.
  5. Circular movements with feet out and inside.
  6. Standing on socks, reduce and spread the heels, without taking your fingers off the floor.
  7. Grasp the ball with both stops and lift it, keeping it between the feet.
  8. Alternately walk on toes, on the heels, on the outer edges of the feet.
  9. Rolling from heel to toe.
  10. Walk on the ribbed surface( massage mat, sand, pebbles).
  1. Overweight child
  2. Wearing substandard shoes( too soft or too hard sole, rubber shoes, too high heel or missing)
  3. Rickets and calcium and phosphorus metabolism in the child
  4. Incorrectly fused fracture
  5. Prolonged bed rest for serious illnesses
  6. During the periodpuberty hormonal changes cause prolonged muscle spasm and can lead to flat feet
  7. Excessive mobility of joints
  8. Weight lifting( for example, when worn on handss younger brothers or sisters)
  9. Reinforced ballet classes

What consequences resulting flat in a child?

Children with a flatfoot disrupt the important function of the foot - depreciation. As a result, the vibration of the body during walking and running is transmitted to the shin, hip joints, spine, etc. Prolonged irritation of the joints leads to their inflammation - arthrosis. The effect of flat feet on the spine is the development of curvature of the spine, or scoliosis in children. Such symptoms of flat feet, such as leg pain, fatigue, headaches lead to reduced school performance.

How to determine if there is a flatfoot in a child?

To determine the presence of flat feet in a child, an orthopedic doctor can, but at home you can conduct a simple test for the presence of flat feet in the child. To carry out the test( planotography), it is necessary to lubricate the sole of the baby's foot with vegetable oil and put it on a blank sheet of paper. The result is a footprint of the child, from which you can determine the state of the arch of the foot. Normally, the cut on the foot is 2/3 of its width. With flat feet, there is not a small cutout. If you notice a change after this test, you should show your child an orthopedic doctor.

How to choose the right shoes for a child?

To properly form the arches of the foot in a child, you need to buy quality shoes. The child's shoes must have a hard back, fixing the heel, a small heel with a height of half a centimeter( no more and no less), and an insole with a small elastic thickening( instep) on the inside of the foot.

Treatment of flat feet.

The main goal of flatfoot treatment is to eliminate pain in the foot, strengthen the muscles and ligaments of the foot and restore the functions of the foot. There are two main methods of treating flatfoot: surgically( surgery) and conservative way.

Among the conservative methods of flatfoot treatment is allocated therapeutic gymnastics, massage, foot baths, physiotherapy, wearing the right orthopedic footwear or insoles.

Treatment of flat feet in a child at the earliest stage of the disease, with the inconsistency of the ligaments of the foot is reduced to the appointment of rest, the temporary cessation of sports. We recommend warm foot baths and massage. An effective method of treatment at an early stage of flatfoot development is the foot bath, the bottom of which is packed with river pebbles. The child is offered to roll stones in the water with his feet.

Plane prophylaxis in children.

For the prevention and treatment of flatfoot in children, the following set of exercises can be applied:


Plane feathers are often recklessly attributed to minor defects, not counting it as a disease. At the same time, developing flat feet can not only cause pain and discomfort, but also provoke the appearance of other diseases. There are longitudinal and transverse flatfoot, differing in the direction of changes in the geometry of the foot, its "flattening".

Causes of flatfoot

Symptoms and methods of treatment are practically independent of the causes of flatfoot. At the same time it is important to know, because of what such a defect can develop, in order to take preventive measures in time.

Static flatfoot

Static flatfoot can be called a modern disease, because its reasons include a small physical activity, uncomfortable shoes with high heels, overweight. Summarizing all these factors, we can say that the most common( more than 80% of cases) type of flatfoot is associated with lethargy, atrophy and weakness of muscles and leg ligaments.

Traumatic platypodia

Flattening is a fairly common consequence of injuries to the ankles, ankles and other leg injuries. Flat feet can be caused by deformation of the tissues fixing the arches of the feet, or be the result of improper treatment of trauma, violation of the rehabilitation regime after trauma.

Flattening as a consequence of the diseases

Some diseases that disrupt the work and development of muscles, bone and ligaments, can cause flat feet.

  • Paralytic platypodia. Among the frequently occurring consequences of poliomyelitis is paralysis of muscle tissue sites. In cases where the pathology extends to the tibial muscles or the muscles of the foot, paralysis causes a paralytic flat foot( paralytic flat foot).
  • Ricky flatfoot. The weakening of the bone system during rickets inevitably affects the development of muscle tissue and connective tissue. The combination of these phenomena often leads to deformation of the feet and rachitic flat feet.

Congenital platypodia

Congenital flat feet are extremely rare - about 3% of all known cases of the disease. Among other things, this is explained by the complexity of the diagnosis of flatfoot in newborns - up to 4-5 years, children's feet are equipped with fat pads, which do not allow to get a full demonstration impression of the foot.

Impressions of a cream-stained or color-staining foot are one of the simplest and most common ways of determining the presence and degree of flatfoot. The second effective method is an X-ray, which is not recommended for small children without emergency. In addition, the discomfort and pain caused by flatfoot, the newborn baby can not experience.

The cause of intrauterine development of flat feet can be imbalance in the diet of a pregnant woman, which does not allow the full development of connective tissue in the child's body. In addition, the cause of congenital platypodia can become diseases that have been transferred during pregnancy.

Typical features of flatfoot of 2nd degree

If flat feet of the first degree is practically asymptomatic and can be detected only with an X-ray or by indirect signs, then the disease developed to the second degree should be urgently treated. It is important to consult a specialist orthopedist who will put an accurate diagnosis and recommend the most effective technique. The reasons for an emergency treatment of flatfoot 2 degrees are somewhat:
  • It is at this stage of flatfoot that painful sensations appear in the legs and lower back. In some cases, flat feet can be the cause of headaches.
  • With flat feet of the second degree, visually noticeable leg defects appear: an increase in size, deformation. In addition, flat feet can provoke curvature of toes, formation of callous growths, ingrowth of nails.
  • Flat feet of the second degree can spoil the gait and posture, there is clubfoot, uncertainty when walking.
  • It is at the second stage that the flatfoot progresses most intensively, therefore, having missed the moment, it will be necessary to deal with a flat-footed third degree and more serious disorders.
Platypodia of 2 degrees can cause the appearance of edema, and hence, the violation of water-exchange processes in the body.

Treatment of flatfoot of the second degree

To cure a flat foot 2 degrees, at first glance, it is not difficult. Unfortunately, not all have the patience to follow the doctor's recommendations without interruptions. The complexity of treatment lies in its duration, however, it is precisely this that guarantees that the painful sensations and external manifestations of the disease will remain in the past.

Massage for the treatment of flat feet

Massage and self-massage of the feet is an effective and effective way to restore normal circulation of the legs in the shortest time, which will help restore muscles and ligaments. Special massage movements are able to stimulate muscle tissue, restoring its functionality

Combating flat feet with water procedures

Contrasting baths are also able to restore blood circulation and metabolic processes in the tissues of the legs. Contraindications to such procedures are cardiovascular diseases and hypertension.

How to cure a flat foot 2 degree gymnastics?

As a home gymnastics for the treatment of flatfoot can also be the usual walking barefoot. It is best to restore feet walking on uneven surfaces( sand, pebbles, a special massage mat).Effective exercises are the kicking of balls of various sizes, picking up small objects with your toes. Walking on socks and on the heels, stretching socks, circular movements of feet, flexion and extension of legs in the ankles are also aimed at combating flatfoot.

Best if home gymnastics is an addition to the complex of exercises recommended by the orthopedist. The specialists determine the most effective movements and calculate the load based on the patient's individual data: age, weight, general health, etc.

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To whichthe doctor to go with a flatfoot, and whether it is possible to cure him at home? The treatment of flat feet is performed by orthopedists, podiatrists( not pediatricians, and podiatrists), and some masseurs engaged in the treatment of flatfoot
Flat feet, if it is strong, one must try to cure
With a strong degree of flatfoot and with heavy loads on the legs, unfortunately, in adolescentsand adults will often get aching legs, and even a head. At least fatigue is much higher
Because with flatfoot sharply decreases depreciation and there is a strong overload of the spinal cord and brain
With flat feet, the spine suffers.
Treatment must include
- Massage with an experienced masseur
- LFK( persistent and daily)
( like heels, on the toes, on the outside and inside of the foot)
A very important exercise is to bend and unbend fingers( as if in a fist)
Roll rolling-bottle-tube with pressure
And not only along, but also across!
Massage mat( toddle)
- If there is already a flatfoot, it may be necessary Supinators.(But, better done specially for you or at least matched for you)
and it is very ambiguous whether they should always be worn. It's like glasses.
I have goggles, and then you can not remove it-it may be more appropriate to spend some time TRAINING by walking without the insteps or in other insteps.
. You can also see my site about the treatment of flatfoot and "bones"
( blanks in hallus-valgus.. ru)
For prevention it is very important to walk barefoot, but not on the floor, not on the asphalt, but on the uneven surface( pebbles, cones, grass).
For physical education and sports it is advisable to buy good sneakers, and not run from bad sneakers or casual"Chuvaki".
For sure you are interested, but how objectively the flat foot
is measured. Here is the answer to this question: //otvet.mail.ru/question/63121079/
There in detail about many methods + photo
If there are questions, write personally

Ilya Kalyagin

You need to contact the surgeon!

Shady Lady

To the orthopedist. Treatment depends on the severity of the disease. Someone is helped by a special massage and rolling around with round objects( rollers, special rolling pins).Orthopedic insole, made specifically for your specific case.

Bogomazov Sergey

You need to address not to the surgeon, but to the orthopedist = traumatologist. Surgical treatment of flat feet is rare. Consult a doctor, there are special shoes and a set of exercises.
"A surgeon who deals with flatfoot problems is called an orthopedist." - What kind of nonsense? From what suddenly? Traumatology and orthopedist are surgical specialties, I agree, but under the term surgeon in our country, general surgeons, abdominal, are understood. And the orthopedist, excuse me from another "opera".

Galina Tolkacheva

in principle can. I need shoes with a bug inside.more often such only sneakers are.

Nikolay Samsonov

only to orthopedist for preventive insoles

Vika Naimova

Surgeon who deals with flatfoot problems is called an orthopedist. With flatfoot, a set of special exercises is assigned, which must be performed daily. Exercises are done just the same at home.
Also prescribed special insoles for shoes with a convexity - arch supports.
All the details of an orthopedist, if there is no doctor in your locality - then ask in Yandex or Google - special exercises to eliminate flat feet.

Allure Tricrestovsky

To the orthopedist. Almost impossible.

Andrey Kolobov

Orthopedic treatment of flatfoot


flat feet is not treated..so, pick up orthopedic shoes or insole to facilitate your legs. Descend or go to the orthopedist and you learn all more in detail.

Diana Dianova

NOT FOR THE HIRING!I had a flat foot, but I got rid of it. Meliards of ways - it's not scary. Some wear special orthopedic insoles. I just stupidly put it when I was sitting at the computer, such things like kalesiks and massaged their legs( just moving them forward, backwards) well, and I did not trample my leg in.in the pool is easy to get rid of. Try to massage the foot more often and everything here and do not curve your back( it's all connected)

how to treat flat feet?

hallus valgus

With flatfoot sharply reduced depreciation.
This leads to diseases of the spinal cord, the brain. Significant deterioration of the general condition of the body.
With transverse flatfoot very often begin to grow "bones".
Especially in girls and women
But flat feet can be treated!!!
And not only in childhood, but later.
Although official medicine denies this.
Yes, and children heals not always effectively
Treatment must necessarily include
- Massage with an experienced masseur
- LFK( persistent and daily)
( like heels, on toes, on the inside and the inside of the foot)
A very important exercise to bend-stretch fingers( as if in a fist)
Roll-bottle-tube with pressure
And not only along, but also across!
Massage mat( toddle)
- Supinators.(made especially for you or at least matched for you - it's like glasses, you can not take any! you need to choose or do it for you)
- maybe + electroprocedures.
You can also see my site about the treatment of flatfoot and the "bones" of
( gaps in hallus-valgus, narod. Ru)
It's important to walk barefoot, but not on the floor, not on asphalt, but on uneven surface( pebbles, cones, grass)
How to diagnose at home flat feet read in my answerhttp: //otvet.mail.ru/question/63121079/
There in detail about many methods + photo


to the orthopedist.shoes need special to buy and massage to do

Anastasia Suvorkina

Walking on grass, pebbles. Insoles with footrest

Christmas tree

Complete cure of flat feet is possible only in childhood. In adults, the development of the disease can only be slowed down. The correction of flatfoot has the following goals: to strengthen the muscles and ligaments of the foot and not let the foot "fall apart" further;protect the entire body, and above all the spine, from overloads;prevent the development of complications - arthrosis of small joints of the foot, deformation of the fingers and diseases of the spine.
The muscles and ligaments of the foot should work. To make them work you can use contrasting baths, massage, gymnastics and, finally, walking on an uneven surface. In the evening, you can hold your legs in a hot bath with infusion of chamomile or sea salt, as well as pine extract - all these products have a toning effect. If, after such a procedure, you pour cold water on your feet or rub a piece of ice, the fatigue will go away, as if it were not there.
Before douche it would be nice to massage the feet. To do this, first, just stroke them, and then give a good load - with an effort to mash with your thumbs or even your fist. Walk from the heel to the fingers along the inner edge of the foot, in the middle and along the outer edge( it needs to be kneaded especially vigorously).
With flat feet on the gym should spend at least 10 minutes a day. Buy in the store two massage mats. Put one in the bathroom. When you wash or brush your teeth, stand on it with your bare feet and do a few simple movements: rise on your toes, roll from the toe to the heel, stand on the outer edge of the foot. If you put the second rug in the kitchen near the stove - full stimulation of footsteps is provided. Outside the city, go barefoot, even if your pampered feet protest against needles and stones. Running on wet grass causes not only puppy delight, but also stimulates feet perfectly. But at home walking barefoot does not follow - from the ideal parquet no use. Pay attention to the gait: try to put your feet in parallel, and when walking, lean against the outer edge of the foot.
Insole insoles return the foot to its normal position and take on the functions of the shock absorber. Sometimes they also use a podpjattochnik( it is necessary for development of heel spurs, and also if one leg is slightly shorter than the other).At the slightest signs of deformation of the thumb of the foot, an interdigital corrector will help - a small soft spacer made of silicone, which is inserted between the first and second finger, so that the thumb can not deviate towards the little finger.
All orthopedic and such necessary devices can be selected by an orthopedic doctor. If the disease has gone far, he will advise and medication to relieve pain, will offer physiotherapeutic procedures

What are the methods of treating flatfoot and which doctor should be treated( orthopedist or surgeon)?

hallus valgus

First of all, you are a great boy, that you worry about your daughter at the very most important age of
. Looking ahead, I say that the "bone" is removed only after the growth stops, that is, after about 19 years. But make every effort to avoid this! Because although the quality of such operations has increased significantly in recent years, there are still failures or other difficulties.
Read, please, http: //health.mail.ru/consultation/ 46742. .. http: //otvet.mail.ru/answer/378379315/ http: //otvet.mail.ru/question/62935845/ http: //health.mail.ru/consultation/ 30085. ..( actually this is a disability! !) http: //otvet.mail.ru/question/70284347/ http: //www.03.ru/section/traumatology/ 4711073
In addition, do not forget that most of these operations are paid(about 35 thousand rubles in the regional cities and up to 110-120 thousand in Moscow-
Also read my site hallus-valgus. narod ru( in the address remove the blanks)
And you need to check your spine.occurs when the load is not distributed correctly on the legs
If necessary, write to me personally
Many I strongly advise in the summer( at least parttime) in open sandals, and with a hard back, a wide heel 2-3 cm, a bending sole and half-open fingers, so as not to press anything of the metatarsophalangeal joint( the "bone" region.) If there is a curvature of the thumb outside, then contact orthopedicsor to an "advanced" shoemaker to make an interdigital insert, and fix it to the sole and thereby at least slightly align the position of the thumb. You can try to pick up and sandals with a strong strap that keeps the thumb straight.
Begin to wear this shoe gradually.
In addition, it is highly desirable to wear orthopedic insoles made for you or successfully selected from ready-for-under-feet
The growth of the "bone" in adolescence and adolescence is almost always associated not with gout( so the recipes of grandmothers with iodine, burdock and other ointments are not for you), but with flat feet. The transverse.
To reduce flat feet is very important, because otherwise depreciation and headaches can be almost constant throughout life. And increased fatigue will surely last a lifetime
At 14 years of age, one can SURPRISE a lot to do, if you work hard.
Treatment must include
- Massage with an experienced masseur
- LFK( persistent and daily)
( look like heels, on the toes, on the inside and the inside of the foot)
A very important exercise is to bend and unbend fingers( as if in a fist)
Roll rolling-bottle-tube with pressure
And not only along, but also across!
Massage mat( toddle)
- If there is already a flatfoot, it may be necessary Supinators.(But, better done specially for you or at least matched for you)
and it is very ambiguous whether they should always be worn. It's like glasses.
I have goggles, and then you can not remove it-it may be more appropriate to use the time to TRAIN the stops in order to walk without insteps or in other insteps.
For prevention, it's very important to walk barefoot, but not on the floor, not on asphalt, but on uneven surfaces( pebbles, cones, grass)
For physical education and sports it is advisable to buy good sneakers, and not run with bad sneakers or casual "chuvaks".

Igor Mineev

I do not know
about a stone bone and flat feet are treated not for one day, but daily exercises
By rolling a round wooden stick with pimples
and walking on sea stones and generally barefoot

Pavel Semyonov

Buy orthopedic insoles! Well, and throw a glass bottle!

Rain Man

You are a great boy, only there is a but. The foot is formed up to 6 years. The way a girl is walking now is a result.
Now the whole question to the girl: is it convenient and does it hurt if she walks?
If it is convenient, then such a flatfoot does not require treatment. ..but if it hurts. Such a stop should be further examined for arthrosis and tarsal coalitions. This is not only an x-ray, but an MRI.
If the diagnosis is made by an orthopedist, and the girl does not complain, it is worth knowing that the insole and muscle exercises do not correct the corners of the bones in the foot. In Russia it is business. The insole itself can bring relief, but, seriously, as treatment, I would not regard them. A very flat foot in 30% of Russians - the norm of life. Not everything requires treatment.
Concerning "bones" - Halux valgus
If cosmetically and functionally interferes - treatment only operative. These operations are standard.
Objective: either improving the aesthetic appearance or improving the quality of life.


here are the reasons for arching the bones on the foot: http: //footwear.ua/article/ toe-1909.html
analyze them and apply the steps to fix the problem. Good luck!

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