Plane flatness treatment in children
Flat feet( longitudinal and transverse) in children are worried about modern parents almost from the first step made by the baby. As a rule, treatment is prescribed if the flat foot persists for up to 5 years or more.
Age feature or pathology?
Approximately 3-13% of children face flat feet at a young age. In fact, this condition is physiological up to 8-9 years. If the arch disappears in the standing position and appears when climbing on socks or sitting, then it is a question of flexible flat feet. Dr. Komarovsky in his advice to young mothers tells that in children of 1 year with a strong desire, any specialist will find a flattening of the foot, as this corresponds to the normal maturation of the limb.
Attention should be paid to children who have a hereditary predisposition to foot diseases, as well as the appearance of scoliosis, clubfoot and gait disturbances. Congenital dislocation of the hip, muscular dysplasia can provoke overstrain and bending of the foot. Children with established diagnoses are observed additionally.
Injuries to the feet, rickets, congenital weakness of the muscles form the prerequisites for flat feet. Reveals a surgeon's disease before the year, but after 2 years, the strengthening of bones and ligaments continues, and should be supervised by a specialist.
The question of whether the disease is treated in children - is solved depending on the orthopedist's diagnosis. There are the following types of foot deformities:
- Flexible, painless flat feet does not require urgent measures. Orthopedic insertions can aggravate the situation on the contrary. Flexible platypodia is considered pathological in pain in the foot, and the formation of calluses and uneven wear of shoes are indications for treatment.
- Fixed platypodia is the basis for buying orthopedic shoes to prevent pain. It is recommended to prevent overweight and maintain a healthy lifestyle.
Worries about how to cure a child, it is necessary for discomfort or pronounced signs:
- Strong stomping of the heel on one side.
- Visible changes in the gait.
The child can refuse to walk and run, not to participate in games that require a lot of stress on his legs. When complaining of pain, you should consult an orthopedist.
How do pediatricians diagnose?
Having looked at the leg with the naked eye, an experienced orthopedist can reveal flat feet. He watches the movement of the foot during walking, sitting, standing or doing exercises, and also examines the child's shoes and the specifics of wear.
In severe cases, you will need to make an X-ray to determine the degree of deformation. The doctor directs to examine the knees and hips of the child from the surgeon in order to exclude the influence of other limb flaws on the shape of the foot.
When is treatment required?
Most of the children outgrow the problem, and the doctor will advise you to come for follow-up visits. To reduce pain, insoles, inserts and orthopedic shoes are used, which is prescribed by a specialist.
Operations are rarely performed until the skeleton is fully formed. At this age, plastic tendons do not work. Subtalar arthritis for the formation of the arch is performed only with the intensifying nature of pain, since a side effect may be degenerative arthritis in the future.
Prevention is the best treatment for
Concerns about how to treat flat feet in children are dispelled by the doctor's response - to strengthen the leg muscles. In case of obvious deformation, the complex of exercise therapy should be developed by the instructor and carried out under his guidance.
However, some simple tips can be recommended to every adult to protect the child:
- To do with infancy is easy foot massage from flat feet.
- Issue a child to walk on pebbles, sand, grass or purchase a special mat that provides massage and helps the foot to develop properly.
- Buy shoes from leather, with a small heel and a hard back.
- To put at home a sports corner for outdoor games.
- Buy a baby bike, write down for swimming.
Children with diagnosed platypodia are strictly forbidden to skate, attend ballet and engage in weightlifting.
It is worthwhile to act actively at an early age so that anxiety about how to cure a disease in adolescents was not belated.
Home gymnastics from flat feet - the main way to strengthen the legs:
- Breeding the toes on the legs while sitting or standing. Hold the maximum dilution point for 10 seconds, repeat the exercise 10 times.
- Point things out in the room with your toes. Select the object, point the fingers of the elongated leg, bend the knee and hold on for 5 seconds. Draw letters of the alphabet with each foot.
- Walk on the socks for 5 minutes every day, trying not to touch the floor with heels. You can use a treadmill.
- Walking on the outer surface of the feet. Get up barefoot on the floor or carpet, put your feet on the width of your shoulders, slightly bend at the knees. Roll the body weight onto the outer edges of the foot and slowly climb to the socks, feeling the tension of the entire longitudinal arch. Hold for 5 seconds and repeat 5 times a day.
- Walking on sand barefoot. This allows the legs to adapt to the loads and strengthen.
Is it possible to correct a defect in adolescence?
Increasingly, there are questions about how to treat flat feet in adolescents, when the process is started and cascade anomalies have appeared: ankle, knees, hip joints. To the surgeon lead the child in occasion of a curvature of a backbone or a basin, and learn about deformation of foot.
The sooner we do the prevention, the more noticeable the effect will be. Up to 12-13 years, the deformation of the feet is correctable. Dangerous flat feet in that the poor cushioning function of the plantar arch leads to rapid deterioration of the spine, osteochondrosis, and this affects the work of internal organs.
Further treatment of flat feet in adolescents is the use of instep arresters and surgical intervention for significant pain.
The task of parents is to catch the ailment at a stage when correction is still permissible. Therefore, visits to the orthopedist should not be "for a tick", and physical activity should be allowed into the life of the child from the kindergarten.
Exercises for flat feet in children - LCT and gymnastics at different ages + video
From the first days of
Already after birth, parents should constantly strengthen not only the ligaments and muscles of the foot, but also the lower leg. It is useful to start the first steps with walking on sand, pebbles or earth.
One of the best ways to overcome flatfoot is to walk barefoot on the grass
Gymnastics can be done by the child and the parents themselves, the position of the child at the same time - on the back or stomach. All the fingers need to be kneaded, especially the first one, it is with the greatest support. Attention will require a stop, the emphasis is on its inner edge, as well as the shin and its front surface. You can apply all exercises of gymnastics, which help to strengthen the arch of the foot.
These exercises are:
- turning the foot into the inside;
- bending to the rear;
- sliding movements of one foot, along the shin of the other leg;
- attempt to collect small objects with your fingers;
- sliding and spreading of toes;
- rolling by the feet of a small ball;
- squatting on a stick located under the feet;
Effective exercise - rolling the ball with the foot
A good combination gives gymnastics and warm, as well as contrasting( when the cool water alternates with a warm) foot bath. Gymnastics begin after the bath.
Adopt exercise therapy can and form the game, which will be very interesting for the child, especially the early age. To walk it is useful on a rolling pin or to pick up subjects, using only legs, to climb on a Swedish wall.
When a child begins to walk, which occurs after about one year, the course of curative gymnastics is gradually expanding.
In this period it is useful to walk on your toes and heels, it is important for parents to find such a form of play that the child can do everything with joy. It is useful to walk using only the outer or inner edge of the foot, you can roll any object with a foot or use a roller massager.
For the treatment of flatfoot you can use special massagers
Up to 5 years, the child is not recommended to wear felt boots, as well as soft slippers, sandals in which there are open heels. It is important to constantly monitor and suppress the desire of girls to wear high heels, as well as shoes with a narrow toe.
It is useful, while the foot is not strengthened, swimming, only it is necessary to put emphasis on the work of kicking.
Children who reached school age should be engaged in exercise therapy under the supervision of an experienced doctor. At this stage, along with exercise therapy it is useful to massage the muscles of the shins and feet. And also use physiotherapy procedures, such as electrical stimulation of the anterior and posterior groups of the calf muscles.
In case of correct and competent combination of all of the above, the result will not take long. But if the child is worried about constant fatigue or pain, then the use of instep arresters is required. These special insoles help keep the feet in a stationary state, which allows the muscles to relax.
The supporter will help to form the correct outline of the foot
. Children in preschool age, unlike the older group, use foot insteps or orthopedic shoes as treatment or prophylaxis is not recommended. The reason lies in the fact that the foot undergoes formation and its fixation contributes to the fact that the muscles of the shins and feet are weakened, and the condition in the meantime deteriorates.
A child's exercise is performed twice a day. Optimal to spend them for an hour and a half before going to bed or an hour after the child ate. The duration of the whole complex should not exceed fifteen minutes. If the exercises are carried out at home, then it is important to conduct them regularly and gradually, constantly increasing the load, because the ultimate goal is to strengthen the muscles not only the legs, but also the feet.
The exercises should be done barefoot only, and the parents should follow the correctness of their implementation and, if possible, the doctor or instructor of the exercise therapy. It is also important to constantly monitor that the exercises do not cause fatigue or pain.
Complex for preschool age
Each set of exercises for preschool children is individual, and before you do it, you need to consult a doctor, maybe he has an opinion on this.
- You can start everything by bending and unbending the feet in the sitting position. Perform the exercise alternately from 5 to 10 times each foot.
- Next, you turn the stops in different directions several times, you need to do everything in the sitting position.
- After they start the exercise "Swing", which is performed on the socks, and after the child falls on the heels, the frequency of execution is up to 10 times.
- Walking is useful on socks or heels, and then stand on your fingers and in this position perform several sit-ups.
- It is useful to lift various small objects from the floor, for example, pencils or pens, balls, small toys.
- After you can grab a pencil, using your toes, and draw them something on a piece of paper.
- Several times you need to move and spread your toes.
- Finish everything by walking on the outside or inside of the foot.
A set of exercises useful for flatfoot
You do not need to do everything at once, you can start with five or six tasks, and after increasing their number. It's important to do everything in a game order, so that the child does everything with pleasure.
For school age
If the starting position on the chair, then produce everything in an amount from 1 to 8 times, and if standing, then from 9 to 18.
- Begin with the breeding and information of the heels, but the socks should not come off the floor.
- After you need to grab the ball with the stops and raise it above the floor.
- Perform the maximum extension and bending of the feet, and then try to grab and lift from the floor various small objects, for example, pebbles or pencils.
- Sliding forward and backward with your fingers.
- Press the rubber ball with your feet, pick up the mat from the fabric with your toes, or roll the rolling pin with your feet.
- Rolling from heel to socks and backwards is performed.
- Doing sit-ups and half-squats on the toes, and hands meanwhile are bred to the sides, up or forward.
- It is useful to walk on various subjects, for example, on a gymnastic stick, a beam with an inclined surface, a ribbed board, a foam mattress, in place using a massage mat.
Exercises for children with a flat-foot
To prevent the development of flat feet in a child, you can simply buy and lay a massage mat in the bathroom. During the reception of hygienic procedures at least twice a day, the child stands barefoot on the rug and stands on toes, rolling from the heel to the toe, becomes on the outer edge of the sole. And it will be excellent gymnastics for feet.
A no-lose option is a massage mat in the bathroom.
It is necessary to prescribe therapeutic gymnastics with flat feet, taking into account its physical preparation, as well as the form and severity of the disease. At all age groups it is useful to apply physical exercises or playing sports with the purpose of general strengthening of an organism. Useful and special exercises, massage, which can relieve pain. In addition, you can use gymnastic projectiles, they will help to strengthen not only the muscles, but also the arch of the foot, to form its correct depth.
Physical exercises aimed at general strengthening of the body, with children's flat feet, should not contribute to fatigue of the musculoskeletal system. With flat feet for the purpose of treatment and prevention, crawl, cross-country skiing, and sports games using the ball are used. Classes of any kind of sport with flat feet are carried out under the supervision of the attending physician and with the obligatory increase in the load.
Parents should always remember that flatfoot progression is inevitable in the event that nothing is done. The flat feet of a child develops slowly, so it is not at all necessary that the child complains of pain in the feet. Help prevent the problem of periodic examinations of the doctor, especially in the field of feet. If a violation is detected, immediate action must be taken.
How to treat flat feet in children at home
Only a doctor can give an accurate, justified diagnosis. To do this, he assigns the child a planography. During this study, the person's feet are covered with a special remedy and are asked to stand on blank sheets of paper. On this fingerprint, the diagnosis of flatfoot is identified and treatment is prescribed. Such a survey provides informative indicators in adults. In the study of children, mistakes may occur due to the incomplete formation of the foot. Therefore, the younger the child, the more flat the print will be. The final diagnosis is set by the orthopedic physician.
Flattening of any degree should be treated, or rather, take measures for the correct formation of the foot. It is very important to visit the orthopedist for about a year. During this period of life, you can establish whether the child has a tendency to flat feet.
Symptoms of flat feet:
- When walking, children attack the inside of the foot. This is very noticeable in their walk.
- Clumsy. It is manifested by the fact that when walking the socks the feet turn outward. It arises from the weakness of the muscles. That is, they can not hold the normal position of the foot and therefore it turns out. The normal position of the legs is determined by the parallelism of the two feet.
In case of flatfoot, even the initial degree the child can complain of pain in the foot when walking or running. Pain can be felt in the knee, shin, backbone. The gait is broken, its smoothness and lightness is lost. Children can avoid moving games.to contents ↑
Flat-footedness in the younger preschool age is no more than 3%.The congenital form of pathology is extremely rare. According to a number of researches and statistics of scientists, children are three times more likely to suffer from flat feet than those who constantly wear shoes. Exacerbates the pathology of the factor that shoes can be tight or "size with a margin."Therefore, for the prevention of the disease, it is very useful for babies to run barefoot. Natural conditions favor the normal development of the foot. Also, a large part in the formation of the foot is played by the load per foot. The risk of earning flat feet increases with low motor activity. This reason is relevant because modern children spend a lot of time with the tablet in their hands or in front of the TV at home. Such factors are classified as a sedentary lifestyle. This can trigger not only pathology of the feet, but also many other diseases. Also, the consequence of flat feet is a violation of normal posture.
When choosing children's shoes, you need to pay attention to a number of important requirements for choosing it. Shoes should have a hard back, to fix the children's heel. The presence of the supinator is in the role of a compensator because of the lack of unevenness under the soles when walking. In children's shoes must be a small heel( 0.5 cm).It is not recommended to wear out someone's shoes, since it is already deformed and can spoil the baby's leg. Also, loose shoes will contribute to the uneven distribution of the load on the foot.
A healthy healthy diet plays an important role in the growth and proper formation of the foot. The body should receive a sufficient amount of calcium, phosphorus and vitamins. The growing body is useful for walking barefoot, massages of feet, an alternative to which can make use of a special massage mat. It can be made at home from plastic caps from bottles, chestnuts or pebbles. Walking on such a massage mat perfectly stimulates the feet and active points on them. This will have a beneficial effect on the whole body. It is also a replacement for walks on natural irregularities( sand, pebbles).In nature, you can leave the baby's legs in the socks. After all, the effect gives the foot touching the surface. The main condition is the lack of shoes on the legs. At home, you can pour dry peas on the floor and ask the baby to walk along it. This serves as a good prophylaxis for the development of flat feet in children.to the table of contents ↑
Fighting the disease
How to treat flat feet in children? In childhood, longitudinal flat feet of varying degrees are common. It can be cured without surgery. If the disease is congenital, then it is necessary to start treating the disease as early as possible. For these purposes, plastering of limbs or wearing langets( special tires on the leg of reusable use) are used.
The disease can not be started. Consultation of the doctor will prompt the optimal solution of the pathology. If the process is started, a transverse can join the longitudinal flatfoot. This degree of disease will be more difficult to cure. Treatment of longitudinal flat feet is aimed at strengthening bone tissue, muscles and ligaments. Then the foot itself will return to normal. For this purpose, children are prescribed a course of therapeutic massage and special gymnastics. At the heart of the treatment are special physical exercises aimed at improving the state of muscle tone.
Foot massage with flat feet of any degree makes it possible to improve blood circulation in the feet. You can do it yourself at home. Timely prevention will help to get rid of the adverse effects of pathology.
Flatfoot Danger in Children
Flattening may be congenital or acquired, but the first form of the disease is extremely rare. The danger is an increase in the acquired form of the disease, since many simply do not pay attention to this problem. The tendency to increase the incidence of this problem in children has arisen for various reasons.
Factors provoking the appearance of flat feet:
- increase in the number of children with excess weight;
- poorly made shoes;
- concomitant diseases of internal organs, leading to deficiency of useful substances;
- mechanical injuries and increased loads.
Only a few parents realize how dangerous the appearance of flat feet in the baby. The erroneous opinion that this illness "will pass by itself" and the misconception that it does not affect health, often lead to the most unfortunate consequences. The structure of the foot and the presence of two physiological vaults help a person to absorb the load that falls on the entire musculoskeletal system. If the arches are flattened on the foot, it can no longer perform the functions of the "spring", and when moving, all the recoil falls on the other joints of the legs. Of all the types of flat feet in children, there is often longitudinal, and transverse and combined is much less common.
Consequences in time of not begun treatment
At different age at children the healthy stop looks as it is shown in drawing.
The change in foot functions at an early age and the redistribution of the load can cascade the following pathological conditions:
- of the spine and its curvature;
- degenerative-dystrophic changes in the joints of the feet( arthrosis);
- osteochondrosis and intervertebral hernia.
In addition, the redistribution of the load can change the central position of the heel, causing such common signs of flatfoot:
- varus( deviation of the center of the heel inward);
- valgus( displacement of the center outwards).
The good news is that this disease in children is well amenable to correction, provided that the problem is identified at the age when it is still possible to form a foot. How to cure a flatfoot in a child, if you notice a deformity of the foot in the baby?
The basic condition for obtaining the result is his age. If you have time to take a series of medical activities to 12-13 years, then you can hope that the treatment will be very effective. Conversely, late treatment to the doctor and untimely therapy can cost you and your teenager dearly. The fact is that the consequences of flat feet( scoliosis, intervertebral hernia and valgus deformation of the foot) in an adult person are diseases that are difficult to treat and sometimes require surgical intervention.
Treatment and prevention
Russian cities have specialized orthopedic kindergartens.
Many orthopedists confidently state that the treatment of this problem in children should begin with the elimination of factors that caused deformation of the foot. That is, in other words, before fixing a flatfoot in a child in conservative ways, it is necessary to eliminate all the causes that caused the disease.
- If a child has excess weight and an unbalanced diet, you must visit a nutritionist and adjust the diet.
- Show the orthopedist shoes in which your son or daughter walks, perhaps for her will need to order insoles. Why is it possible, you ask? Yes, because some shoes will have to be thrown away, since no insole can make the baby's shoes wider.
- Such causes of flat feet in children, like foot injuries and increased stresses, can be prevented by releasing the student from physical education while you are treating.
Many parents are interested in - how to treat flat feet in children? Are conservative therapies enough, and in what cases do they resort to surgical techniques? If the diagnosis is made on time, then, as a rule, conservative measures are enough. The optimal age for rapid correction of deformity in children is the age of 6-7 years, when the problem can be completely eliminated.The older the child becomes, the more difficult it will be to conduct conservative activities. In adolescents over 13 years old, the choice of treatment is decided individually. Such children can prescribe lifelong use of insoles or operative intervention.
From conservative methods of treatment of this disease apply the following:
- selection of special shoes with strong back and insole;
- physiotherapy treatment and contrast baths;
- exercise therapy;
How to fix a flat foot child for 3 years?
I do not work in children
I am engaged in the formation of healthy feet and prevention of transverse flatfoot and deformity of the toes in people aged 16 to 30-35 years
But many, many have heard that some children's doctors abuse what they say,that they diagnose "flat feet" at the age of 2-3-4 years, when the baby's foot can also be formed and should not have a transverse and longitudinal arch, as in adults!
Bear in mind
But in general, children need to walk on the ground, on pebbles, on sand, on pebbles, on a forest cover. Then there will be the correct conditions for the formation of the arches of the foot
. Although, of course, there can be congenital pathologies, when you need massage, insoles and orthopedic shoes
why such things should be asked here?there are orthopedists.
The health of a young child should be dealt with by doctors( in this case, an orthopedist), and not by people from the Internet.
is a complex of exercises. .. see a doctor in the children's clinic! !. .
You can do special massage.
There are special training: to raise your fingers with pencils and other small objects. If the legs are very tired, then you can walk barefoot on the rug( plastic rug for prizhozhey)( Small plastic spikes on the mat relieve tension in the feet and improve the circulation of blood).But it all depends on the degree of flat feet: it is better to consult a doctor and practice exercise therapy.
has different insole, the ball can be rolled with a foot, but in any case you need to see a doctor, the sooner, the better for the child.
Massage the leg and in any case lead to the orthopedist!
go to the orthopedist, he gives direction to the manufacture of individual insoles.if your city does not have such a workshop, then you just buy it in the orthopedic salon, recommend the right shoes and give directions either to massage or to therapeutic physical culture. Exercises can be found on the Internet and at home with a child it is not difficult.but you still need to see a doctor, he will determine the degree of flat feet.and will observe.this is very important because from not correct treatment or if not treated, all the joints and ligaments of the legs suffer, if by 10 years the child has a flat foot of grade 3. 70% of the knees hurt.because the
LFC does not go correctly 3-4 times a day.
Fully agrees with the masseur. Look here, what massage paths I sew: http: //my.mail.ru/mail/natalipodolsk/ photo # page = /mail/natalipodolsk/ photo? Album_id = massag
With the kids, special gymnastics can be difficult to do, and the massage path is a simulator for the natural gymnastics of the foot.