Flat-footed photos

Longitudinal and transverse platypodia and its treatment

Flattening is a deformation of the arch of the foot, viz. Lowering of the arch. As a result of this deformation, the foot almost completely loses its damping properties, which leads to a number of unpleasant consequences and complications. In this article, we will try to understand as much as possible what is a flatfoot - treatment, symptoms, causes and complications.

General information

In a healthy state, the human foot has two distinct arches - transverse( located under the bases of the fingers) and longitudinal( located along the foot).These arches fulfill the most important function - they enable the person to maintain balance and absorb shock during walking. It is clear that the foot itself, and specifically these arches of the foot are under serious load, because they weigh on the weight of the human body. And if the ligaments and muscles of the feet stop working normally and for some reason weaken, the shape of the foot begins to change - the arches of the feet decrease, it gradually becomes flat, as a result of which the main function of the foot - the spring one - is lost.

Healthy feet - a healthy body

If the foot ceases to absorb the load, then this function will be forced to perform other joints( ankle, knee and hip), and "get" and the spine. But they cope with such a function not too well, because they are not designed for this. In addition, such a peculiar load leads to an accelerated "wear" of the joints.

This is why flat feet are often the cause of pain in the legs and back of the , although at first glance the person simply does not see such a connection. So it is worth remembering that it is as a result of the development of flat feet that pain can appear in the feet, hips, knees and lower back, rapid fatigue when walking. In this case, the pain appears at a time when the body can no longer provide normal movement, and is forced to "redistribute the load."As a result, joints of the legs and hip joint suffer, posture disorders or problems with intervertebral discs may occur. The final result of the effects of flat feet on the body can be the development of scoliosis and arthrosis, often the development of varicose veins.

Another interesting fact is that quite often this disease occurs in people with "sedentary" work, and not only in the category of workers who are forced to spend the whole day on their feet. This is due to the fact that the muscles and ligaments weaken without load( too large loads can also lead to flatfoot development), so it is very important to maintain a certain motor activity.

Many young people are wondering whether they are taking to the army with flat feet. On our site there is already an article that can answer this question.

The causes of flatfoot

The reasons for the development of flatfoot can be quite a lot, we will try to list the most "popular" ones:

  • bad or unsuccessfully matched shoes. It means shoes with a high heel or platform, narrow shoes, etc.;
  • increase in body weight, which can occur for various reasons( pregnancy, obesity, etc.);
  • hereditary predisposition. In this case, we are talking about defects in the development of the muscles, ligaments and bones of the foot;
  • various injuries( trauma of the foot, fracture of the calcaneus or ankle, cracks or severe cartilage bruises, damage to the muscles and ligaments of the foot);
  • diseases( for example, rickets, as a result of which the bones weaken and become soft, so they can easily deform, and the complication of poliomyelitis can arise - the leg and foot muscles paralysis);
  • sedentary work and sedentary lifestyle. In this case, the muscles and ligaments of the foot become weaker, since they do not receive the necessary loads;
  • excess load - running and jumping sports, standing work.

There are quite a few reasons, as you can see.

Platypus types

The human foot has two main arches, so it is quite logical that there are two types of flatfoot - longitudinal and transverse flat feet. Accordingly, with a decrease in the arch, the foot may increase in width or length. There is also a combined flatfoot, in this case we are talking about the simultaneous flattening of the transverse and longitudinal arches. This situation is also called longitudinal-transverse flatfoot.

Both basic types of flatfoot are quite common, but the most common is the transverse one.

Also, when classifying by species, the acquired and the congenital are often divided. Congenital flat feet are rare, it is the result of malformations of the fetus. Treatment of flat feet in this case begins with the first days of the child's life.

Types of flatfoot

But with the acquired flatfoot the situation is somewhat more complicated - it can appear at any age and can be of several types:

  • static;
  • is ricky;
  • is paralytic;
  • is traumatic.

Traumatic - occurs as a result of fractures of the bones of the ankle and foot, or with severe damage to ligaments and soft muscle tissue that strengthens the arch of the foot.

Paralytic - occurs as a result of poliomyelitis, or because of paralysis of the tibial muscles and foot muscles.

Rickets - occurs as a result of rickets. This disease disrupts the normal formation of foot bones, they do not have the necessary characteristics in this case and can quickly deform.

But the most common form is static flatfoot. Approximately 80% of all cases are related to this species. Causes in this case may be overweight, uncomfortable shoes, prolonged excessive stress on the feet, weak muscles and ligaments of the foot, etc.

Degrees of disease

There are 3 degrees of development of this disease.

Longitudinal flatfoot is less common, but with this disease the change in the shape of the foot is gradual and almost invisible to the patient.

  1. Longitudinal flat-foot 1 degree is characterized by the appearance of fatigue of the legs. This degree is very poorly expressed, the patient can only experience discomfort when pressing on the foot or while dressing the shoes. In some cases, swelling may appear in the evening.
  2. Longitudinal flatfoot of the 2nd degree is already manifested by constant pains, which can be quite intense and spread to the region of the shins and ankles. With this degree of disease, the gait is already losing its smoothness, walking becomes heavier.
  3. Platypodia of the third degree is manifested by persistent severe pains that cover not only the foot, but also the lower leg, and in some cases even low back pains appear. Deformation of the foot with this degree of disease is already pronounced and very noticeable, often there are swelling in the joints of the foot. Walking to a person at this stage of the disease is difficult, in ordinary shoes it becomes very difficult to move around.

Do you happen to have such symptoms?

It is worth paying attention to the appearance of such symptoms:

  • shoes trampled on the inside;

    Flat feet have every third person in our country

  • very quickly get tired feet while standing or walking;
  • appears pain in the foot after physical exertion;
  • at the end of the day feels pain and fatigue in the legs, there is a feeling of heaviness, puffiness;
  • swelling in the ankles;
  • walking on heels becomes very hard;
  • leg increases in size, resulting in buying shoes for size larger.

Many of these symptoms correspond not only to flat feet, but also varicose veins, so that when they occur, you should immediately consult a doctor.

Symptoms of longitudinal flatfoot

  • fatigue in the legs, with pressure on the middle of the foot or sole appears pain, by the evening the back of the foot swells;
  • persistent and severe pain both in the feet themselves, and in the region of the shins and ankles, it becomes difficult to find comfortable shoes;
  • together with pain in the feet begins to appear pain in the lower back, outwardly becomes invisible longitudinal arch;the foot swells, the ankle joint is inactive, in ordinary shoes it becomes very difficult to walk.

Symptoms of transverse flatfoot

  • disappear the transverse arch of the foot, as a result of which the deformation of the fingers develops;
  • appear pain and skin pigmentation in the forefoot;
  • appears hammer-shaped fingers.

What should be the treatment?

First of all, it should be noted that the treatment of transverse and longitudinal flat feet is in principle the same in terms of measures applied. In addition, it must be remembered that if an adult is treated, there will still be no complete recovery, only certain improvements are possible. But the children are fully recovered because the child's leg is just being formed and correction is possible.

Treatment of flatfoot in adults

Since complete recovery of an adult with such a disease is impossible, the treatment is designed primarily to stop the progression of the disease, and then create the necessary conditions for foot correction. That is why is very important to diagnose the disease as early as possible .

Since the conservative treatment is the preferred method of treatment of the disease in the early stages of its development, the treatment involves the removal of pain and the improvement of the condition of the muscles and ligaments of the foot, thus stopping the development of the disease.

The video, which you can see below, shows one of the methods of diagnosis and treatment of flatfoot:

For the removal of pain, medications are usually used in combination with physiotherapy procedures.

The basis of the same treatment is therapeutic gymnastics. at flatfoot is determined by the orthopedic physician , and the exercises are selected for a specific patient, taking into account the form and extent of the disease.

A good therapeutic effect with flat feet gives a foot massage, including a hydromassage. Thanks to such procedures, blood circulation is normalized and the muscle tone of the shin and feet is increased.

At the initial stage, a good effect gives the use of special orthopedic insoles, which again are made individually.

But, unfortunately, the above procedures will have a serious effect only in the early stages of the disease. With strong deformations of the foot, which occur in the late stages of the development of the disease, there is only one method of treatment - surgery.

Treatment of flatfoot in children

Most often, children develop longitudinal flat feet, and it is successfully treated fully without surgery, since the bones, muscles and ligaments of the child are quite susceptible to conservative methods of treatment.

If you have to deal with a congenital type, then it begins to be treated from the first days of the child's life, for which special langets and bandages are used. But this type of disease is rare.

In most cases, the causes of flatfoot are weak ligaments and muscles, as well as fragile bones. That is why the treatment has a toning effect - mainly therapeutic exercise and massage. Also, contrast baths for feet are often helpful. It is also necessary to wear special orthopedic shoes, and you should take care of the child's gait very carefully.

The most important factor in the treatment of this disease in children is time - the earlier the disease is diagnosed, the greater the chances of complete recovery of children. For the same reason, it is important to prevent flat feet in childhood.

VashaSpina.ru

Flat feet in adults: a photo of flatfoot and exercises in the prevention of flatfoot

Flat feet of some are perceived as a "non-serious" ailment, which is not worth paying close attention to. However, this is not so - this disease can cause a violation of posture, lead to varicose veins and even thrombophlebitis. Therefore, the prevention of flatfoot should not be ignored - and should begin at least with the abandon of uncomfortable shoes.

This seemingly "trifling" disease can turn into a terrible torture for a person( "lucky" only for some recruits: they can avoid the fulfillment of "sacred military duty" with the help of pronounced degrees of flatfoot).

Types and causes of flatfoot

Flattening is the descent, flattening of the transverse or, more rarely, longitudinal arch of the foot.

Note the photo: with flat feet the foot looks almost completely flat, without a pronounced dimple between the toe and the heel.

There are three types of flatfoot:

1. Paralytic caused by poliomyelitis or resulting from paralysis.

2. Traumatic , which occurs as a result of fractures of the bones of the feet or ankles.

3. Static is the most common, usually hereditary or acquired as a result of overloads of feet.

As seen in the photo above, all types of flatfoot differ from each other in the degree of expression of the longitudinal and transverse arches of the foot.

Causes of flatfoot may be a lack or excess load on the legs. This can be a person's professional activity, for example, a forced working posture standing( workers or sellers who stand all day standing on their feet), playing sports that undergo inadequate loads on their feet, wearing inefficient shoes( for example, heels on shoes, onstiff platform, high heels.).

Flat feet can form in early childhood due to rickets, and also at a later age due to pregnancy, diabetes or obesity. In adults, flat feet are more common in women than in men.

Symptoms of flat feet Feet

The main symptoms of flatfoot are fast fatigue of the legs, aching pains in the foot and ankle, puffiness, often occurring in the evening and disappearing by morning. With flatfoot, there may also be a violation of the circulation of the lower extremities.

Flat-footed enough easy to recognize. To do this, just smear the foot with oil or cream, and then leave it imprinted on a sheet of white paper lying on a flat surface. Usually, with flatfoot, at least half of the width of the original part of the foot is imprinted, since the foot does not have the proper size of the notch.

Understand that you have flat feet, you can, and found a quick wear on the inside of the soles of your shoes.

But most accurately the degree of flatfoot is established clinico-roentgenologically in conditions of physiological load of the examined foot at the patient's standing on a specially made stand. This technique allows you to assess the entire condition of the musculoskeletal, ligamentous and articular apparatus.

How and what to treat the platypodia

Before treating flat feet, you need to determine the causes of its occurrence. To remove the pain caused by walking or other loads on the feet, you can use ointments such as viprosal, finalgon, diclofenac, etc. Also, in the group of drugs, than you can treat flat feet, the usual analgesics.

For correcting the natural form of the foot, use corrective insoles( arch supports).

In case of severe, neglected cases, it is necessary to wear special orthopedic shoes( usually shoes with lacing, solid sole and lateral support of the foot).

It is recommended to take regular courses of massage.

It is advisable to practice swimming.

In the evenings( and if necessary, then still in the afternoon) make hot baths with sea salt.

And, perhaps, the main thing here is physical therapy.

Complex of exercises with flat feet Feet

1. To perform the first exercise with flatfoot, take the initial position sitting on a chair. Knees and heels are connected, the right foot is strongly unbent. You should bring the anterior section of the left foot under the soleplate of the right, and then repeat this exercise by changing your legs.

2. Stroke the left shin with the inner edge and plantar surface of the right foot. Then repeat the exercise, also changing your legs.

3. To bend and unbend fingers of feet. This exercise should be repeated 10-15 times.

4. Set feet on shoulder width with heels to the floor. Then start rotating the feet in different directions, changing the direction of rotation. Then do the same, already standing, holding on to the back of the chair. Run this 10 times.

5. At both stops, grab and lift the ball.

6. Grasp and lift the pencil several times with your toes.

7. Starting position: sitting on a chair, then standing on the floor( feet shoulder-width apart).Unfold the feet on one straight line, first the heel to the heel, and then the toe to the toe. You can hold your hand by the back of the chair. Perform this exercise 10 times.

8. Expand the feet to the outside, and then - to the inner side. Perform 10 times.

9. Also in the complex of exercises with flat feet is the following: standing on toes and holding the feet in parallel, go to the outer edge of the foot, and then return to the starting position.

10. Sitting on a chair, and then on the floor, climb to his feet, leaning on the outer arch of the feet. When lifting from the floor, you can help yourself with your hands. Perform 10 times.

11. Starting position: standing. To rise on socks and on the heels: a) by placing the feet on one line with their toes inward, b) placing the feet on one line with their toes outwards.

12. Starting position: standing. Make a right foot forward, then turn around 180 °, changing your leg. Do this exercise 10-12 times.

13. Standing on your toes, shifting from one foot to the other. Do this exercise 10 times.

14. Sitting on a chair, lift one and the other leg one at a time, as high as possible. The leg should be straight. Perform 10 times.

15. Standing, make 30-50 steps on the heels, on the toes, on the inner ribs of the feet, and then - already on the outer ribs stop.

16. Final exercise: walking from heel to toe in standing position. It is recommended to do 30-50 steps with each foot.

med-pomosh.com

Longitudinal transverse platypodia: photos, symptoms and treatment

  • Other platypodia materials

Flattening, as a pathology, is a definite deformation of the composite part of the foot, more precisely, it is a slight decrease in the arch. Usually, as a result of deformation of such a plan, the foot loses certain damping properties.

This in turn leads to a number of troubles and complications. Below, the question of what symptoms the disease has, its causes, and how the treatment is done will be discussed in more detail.

General information

There is an opinion among medical workers that healthy feet are a completely healthy organism. If, for some reason, the stops cease to absorb the load in a special way, this function is automatically assigned to other joints - knee, ankle and hip.

Also a considerable amount of load is placed on the spine. All this leads to a gradual wear of the vessels.

Important! For this reason, flat feet can be attributed to the base of the appearance of severe back pain, despite the fact that there is no direct connection between them. Usually, pain sensations appear at a time when the human body is not able to provide a normal process of movement, when a certain redistribution of the load occurs.

The main reasons for the appearance of flatfoot

Specialists identify several reasons for the development of flatfoot. Among the most popular it is possible to note :

  • Unsuccessfully purchased shoes or one that is made in poor quality;
  • Significant and rapid increase in body weight;
  • Certain hereditary predisposition. Usually these are certain defects that arise in the process of developing muscle mass, bones;
  • Various injuries, such as fractures of feet or ankles, severe bruising of the cartilaginous tissue and so on;
  • Rickets may also be the basis for the appearance of flat feet;
  • Sluggish or sedentary work;
  • Strong physical activity, such as cross-country sports.

As can be seen from all of the above, there are many reasons for the development of such a phenomenon.

The main types of

The foot has two arches, because this pathology develops in two main types - transversally, as well as longitudinal flatfoot. There is also a special combination disease when it comes to thickening the arch. This is a longitudinal-transverse flatfoot. Among these types of pathology, it is often the latter.

Speaking about the classification of the disease, it can be noted that this pathology can be acquired or congenital. The latter is rare, but appears as a result of certain vices in the development of the uterus. Then the process of treatment professionals begin strictly from the first days after the birth of the baby.

The acquired flatfoot differs in that the treatment is somewhat more complicated. The disease can begin to bother at any age, and it happens to be of several major types :

  • Rick;
  • Traumatic;
  • Paralytic.

Usually traumatic appears due to fractures of the foot or ankle joints, with enough serious trauma to the tissues that are intended to strengthen the arch.

Paralytic may appear in the presence of a disease such as polio or due to paralysis of the muscles located on the foot. Rickets usually appear after fixed rickets. This pathology disturbs the healthy physical formation of the foot, which is strongly deformed.

The static form of flatfoot is a common disease. About 80% of all types and types of flatfoot specialists are assigned to this species. The basis for such a problem can be overweight, not very comfortable shoes, long and very heavy loads on the feet, muscle weakness and so on.

Symptoms of transverse and longitudinal platypodia

To appoint and receive qualified treatment, it is up to you yourself or by professionals to determine what form of the disease is present. The signs of the longitudinal form of flatfoot include such moments as :

  1. Strong fatigue of the legs, which is very pronounced in the process of pressing on the middle part of the foot.
  2. Usually in the evening the foot is very swollen.
  3. The pain in these parts of the body is becoming stronger, sometimes it becomes difficult to find the most comfortable shoes.
  4. Pain sensations begin to manifest in the lower back, the appearance of the foot changes, and it becomes impossible to wear shoes.

Symptoms of such a pathology as transverse flatfoot include such features as :

  1. Complete disappearance of the transverse part of the arch of the foot, as a result of which a strong deformation of the fingers appears.
  2. Serious pains and the appearance of calluses on the skin in one of the anterior parts of this part of the body can occur.
  3. Hammer-shaped fingers usually appear.

If you have one or more symptoms, you should immediately contact a specialist.

The main degrees of the disease

At the moment, there are three main degrees of development of this pathology. Know them, as well as the main signs, is necessary for the reason that pathology has the property of developing imperceptibly. So, three degrees of the disease :

  1. The first is characterized by severe fatigue of the legs. The main symptoms include small discomfort in the process of pressing on the surface of the foot, when dressing shoes.
  2. The second degree is manifested by rather strong pain sensations, they are usually quite intense, and pain can spread to the ankle region and further to the shins.
  3. The third degree is characterized by very severe pain, it can reach the waist. At this stage there is already a clear deformation of the foot, the movement process is delivered a lot of problems.

What is the treatment prescribed?

It should be noted that the treatment of longitudinal and transverse flat feet is mostly the same in terms of measures and means that can be used.

Important! It should be known that the treatment of an adult will not give a complete recovery, you can achieve only some improvement. If the treatment is carried out in children, it is possible to count on the complete elimination of the disease, since the pedicel has a property in the process of growth and formation is adjusted in a certain way.

Treatment of flat feet in adults

For the reason that it is almost impossible to achieve complete elimination of the disease in an adult, treatment is usually directed to stopping its progression. Only after this is usually created the necessary conditions to slightly adjust the foot.

Important! On this basis it is very important, as soon as possible, to diagnose this pathology.

Treatment of the disease in the first stage is a certain conservative therapy. The use of special orthopedic insoles: СТ-112, СТ-130, СТ-105 is able to relieve pain, significantly improve the overall condition of muscles, as well as ligaments. Usually due to this, you can leave a strong progression of the disease.

Among the main methods of treatment can be noted such points as :

  • The basis for qualified treatment is quality therapeutic gymnastics;
  • A good effect is achieved with the help of a massage, which normalizes blood circulation, due to which the overall muscle tone is seriously increased;
  • Excellent effect in the condition to ensure the use of special insoles COMFORT.

Important! All such procedures are able to give a good result at the initial stage. In the case of a strong and neglected form, only surgical treatment will help.

Flat-foot: symptoms, treatment, photo, prevention Flat-footedness is a predominantly acquired locomotor system disorder, accompanied by a violation of walking mechanics, a change in the shape of the foot, which normally distinguishes between the transverse and longitudinal arches. Flattening promotes pathological changes occurring in the spine, knee and hip joints and other organs. Among several species, a transverse flatfoot is distinguished, accompanied by a flattening of the transverse arch of the foot, the characteristic feature of which is the formation of the so-called "cone" in the region of the big toe. The disease occurs mainly in women in the age range from 30 to 50 years. The appearance of flat feet directly depends on the excess excess weight, under the influence of which the foot becomes a little shorter and thicker.

Reasons

An important structural element of the foot is its arch. Thanks to it, the foot distributes the load of the body during the movement. The lead contributes to depreciation, balances, etc. The main cause of transverse flatfoot is the disruption of the functioning of the ligament apparatus of the lower limbs, which is transmitted by inheritance. The predisposing factors of flatfoot are:
  1. 1) Extra kilograms of weight that increase the load on the ligament apparatus of the legs and especially the foot;
  2. 2) Paresis or paralysis of the muscles of the lower limbs;
  3. 3) Prolonged wearing of unsuitable close-fitting shoes with high heels;
  4. 4) Flat feet are often the result of professional activity( seller, hairdresser, etc.), when it takes a long time to stand in a standing position.

Symptoms of transverse flatfoot

In many cases, the transverse flatfoot begins with subtle symptoms. At first, there are no visible changes in the foot area. By the end of the working day, a slight discomfort in the leg area worries. After a while, the symptomatology increases, including a change in the shape of the feet. For each degree of transverse flatfoot, the following symptoms are typical:
  1. 1) At the first degree of flatfoot there is fatigue of the feet, pain in the area of ​​the fingers. The skin on them becomes thicker. The angle of deviation of the thumb is 20 degrees( at a rate not exceeding 10 degrees);
  2. 2) At the second degree of flatfoot, the angle of deviation of the thumb reaches no more than 40 degrees. Physical exercise increases the feeling of pain and burning, which are noted not only in the fingers, but in the entire foot. Characteristics of the choice of shoes;
  3. 3) At the third stage of flatfoot symptoms of the disease are pronounced. The angle of deviation of the thumb is more than 40 degrees, which is outwardly manifested by the formation of a "cone".The shape of the foot changes noticeably. It becomes shorter and wider. Pain is noted even in rest. Corns and corns are formed. Against the background of flat feet develop joints of the legs and spine.
Patients with flat feet wear out shoes faster, especially the inner side of the heel, which is quickly worn off. There is a heavy gait, the posture is broken.

Diagnosis of the disease

The orthopedist is engaged in the diagnosis and treatment of transverse flatfoot. At the initial visit, an examination is carried out, complaints of the patient are taken into account. Additional methods of research, specifying the degree of flatfoot, include:
  1. 1) Plantography - a method that allows you to obtain a footprint on paper. A similar method of determining flat feet can be carried out at home. For this, it is necessary to lubricate the sole with any coloring material and stand on the sheet of paper, assuming the usual position of the body. From the obtained fingerprint it is indirectly possible to judge the presence and stage of flatfoot;
  2. 2) X-ray examinations are one of the most reliable methods for assessing the nature of the changes, the degree of the disease, and monitoring the dynamics of the pathological process. The X-ray is done in two projections in the patient's standing position;
  3. 3) The method of electromyography determines the condition of the calf and foot muscles due to the registration of the impulses sent from the surface by a special device;
  4. 4) The modern diagnostic methods include computer hardware complexes that allow you to determine with the greatest accuracy the shape, width, length, foot index, etc.

Treatment of transverse flatfoot

Conservative treatment methods include:
  1. 1) Use in wearing special shoes andorthopedic insoles;
  2. 2) Perform special physical exercises that strengthen the ligamentous apparatus of the foot;
  3. 3) Therapeutic massage will improve blood circulation, eliminate swelling in the area of ​​the feet;
  4. 4) Physiotherapeutic procedures, for example, phonophoresis with hydrocortisone, electrophoresis with novocaine - will temporarily reduce the senses of pain.
  5. 5) The medications related to the NSAID group( diclofenac, indomethacin, voltaren, etc.) help to relieve pain. They are used in the form of tablets, ointments, creams.
In case of ineffectiveness of therapeutic agents, as well as in advanced cases with complications resort to surgical( surgical) treatment of transverse flatfoot. Operative techniques that help to treat platypodia are divided into the following groups:

MyMedicalPortal.net

Flat-footed - Orthopedics

Ideally, the human foot consists of internal arches and convex surfaces. But in many people, either from birth or in time, the arch of the foot drops - it becomes flat. This is called platypodia.

Reasons for

The most common cause is a lack or excess of load on the legs. This can be caused, for example, by incorrect footwear. Approximately 3% of people get flat feet "inherited" from their parents. In many, it develops due to diseases: rickets, poliomyelitis, diabetes mellitus. Women suffer from flat feet four times more often than men. The risk factors include: uncomfortable shoes and walking on high heels, a long standing on the legs, overweight, pregnancy.

Consultation of orthopedist in Moscow + 7( 495) 230-7048

What happens in this case?

The human foot has a unique property - it works as a shock absorber, that is, springs. None, even the highest jumping and fast-running animal, such as a kangaroo or a jaguar, can boast of this amazing ability. The spring of the foot is due to the construction of the arch, which is supported by a system of ligaments and muscles. When this muscle-ligament is weakening for some reason, flat feet develop.

The flattened foot hurts during long walking, and with a high degree of flatfoot, even when standing in place. But this is only a small part of the problem.

With flatfoot, the impulse from the steps, not extinguished by the springing arch of the foot, spreads up the skeleton. Loads( and very significant) are given to the joints, the spine and the base of the skull. The amortizing function is assumed by the spine, as a result of which it wears out more quickly and weakens. There are all kinds of jamming of the nerve roots with the corresponding symptoms.

With flatfoot running, deformations of the foot occur, so-called painful bone on the thumb grows. Violated blood circulation of the lower extremities, the ankles swell and hurt. There are changes in the area of ​​knee and hip joints. My legs get tired quickly. Goes rough. There is a rapid fatigue.

How to recognize this?

At home, you can smear a foot of oil or cream and put it on a sheet of white paper, which lies on a flat surface. Ideally, less than half the width of the original part of the foot should be imprinted on the resulting "snapshot".In other words, if the foot does not have a notch, then you have a flat foot.

Diagnosis

specialist orthopedist. The diagnosis can be made visually when examining the patient, and the instrumental methods help to clarify the degree: underarms, computer diagnostics of feet and radiography.

Treatment of

Treatment of flat feet includes several main areas.

For the removal of pain, drugs and physiotherapy are used.

To correct the natural form of the foot, use corrective insoles( arch supports).Correctly selected insoles allow not only to get rid of pain, but also regulate muscle tone by its shape. Supinators are of different types:

  • inserts under the forefoot are used when flattening the longitudinal arch;
  • backs - allow to reduce the load on the heels and pain in them;
  • interdigital inserts allow to move apart the large and second finger on the legs, thereby preventing the progressing deviation of the thumb outward;
  • the best option is the insole with the instep under the heel and the pronator for the front section. Such an insole "twists" the foot as though - the muscles are subjected to less tensile forces and, thus, are in better working conditions.

The most high-quality arch supports are made to order after examination, removal of foot sizes and establishing the flattening level of the arch. The materials from which the arch supports are made have evolved: from cork, the most ancient, to synthetic( from europlastic, supralene, silicone), and also from soft foam material.

When the form of flat feet is launched, special orthopedic footwear is produced in the form of shoes with lacing, solid sole and lateral support of the foot. These shoes are made to order, according to the plaster cast.

Surgical treatment of flatfoot includes operations in which parts of the foot bones are removed to restore the normal arch of the foot( so-called remodeling operations).

For the treatment of flatfoot and its prevention, there are also massage and physiotherapy exercises. Prevention can be done at home."Flatten" flat feet easier, if you walk in tight uncomfortable shoes, wear high heels, run a lot, stand for a long time. It is necessary to give rest to legs more often - to regularly do gymnastics of feet, massage, baths.

medportal.com

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