10 exercises for fingers with arthrosis( photo)
The therapeutic exercises described in this article will help strengthen your hands and fingers affected by osteoarthritis, increase the range of movements in them, and reduce pain in the hands, bringing the long-awaited relief.
Do these exercises to compress and stretch your fingers to the point where you feel enough tension, but no more.
Note: When performing the movements described below, you should not feel pain! Before performing the gymnastics described below, be sure to consult your doctor and get him to agree to these movements.
1. Squeeze your hand into the fist
Begin the warm-up of the joints with this simple exercise( as shown in Figure 1):
- gently squeeze the hand into the fist, while pressing the thumb to the palm of the other fingers( position 1);
- hold your hand in this position for 30 to 60 seconds;
- unclench the fist, then spread the fingers in such a way as to maximize the distance between them( position 2);
- perform this exercise with both hands at least four times.
2. The stretching of the brush
Try this simple exercise to help yourself reduce the pain in your hands and increase the range of movements in the joints of the brush.
- Place your hand palm down on a table or any other flat and dense surface( as shown at the top of Figure 2).
- Carefully and slowly straighten your arm in such a way that the brush looks as flat as possible( see the lower part of Figure 2), and try not to exert strong pressure on the joints.
- Hold your hand in this position for 30-60 seconds.
- Repeat this exercise at least four times( for each hand).
3. Stretching for the "claws"
This interesting exercise will help to increase the range of movements in the metacarpal joints and finger joints.
- Hold your hand in front of you so that the palm is facing you.
- Bend all the fingers of the hand so that each of them is able to reach as far as possible the palm of the hand at the base of each finger( see Figure 3).As a result, your hand should look a bit like a claw.
- Hold the palm in this position from 30 seconds to a minute, then gently release.
- Perform this movement at least four times for each hand.
4. Strengthen your movements with additional items
Regularly performing this exercise will help you improve your skills of using door handles, as well as the skill of holding various objects in the brush, keeping them in place and not dropping them.
- Take a soft ball in your hand and squeeze it as hard as you can.(Remember that when exercising, you should not feel pain!)
- Hold your hand in this compression position for a few seconds, then release slowly.
- Repeat this exercise 10-15 times with each hand( see Figure 4).Do this exercise 2-3 times a week in such a way that the brushes "rest", i.e. They could restore their strength between such exercises within 48 hours.
Do not perform this exercise if you have a damaged thumb joint!
5. Pinch with effort
A useful exercise, described below, allows you to strengthen the muscles between your thumb and the rest of your fingers. This skill allows you to more confidently use the keys to open and close doors, open bags with food, it's easier to use a gas stove( turn on and off the burners).
- "Pinch" the ball( made of soft materials), with the tip of 2-5 fingers and the thumb, as shown in figure 5.
- Hold this position for 30-60 seconds.
- Repeat this movement ten to fifteen times with each hand.
This exercise, like the previous one, must be performed two or three times a week in such a way that the period of rest and restoration of the brushes is at least 2 days. It also can not be done if you have a damaged joint of the first( large) finger of the brush.
6. Lifting the fingers
Fig.6( click to enlarge)
This healing movement is very useful in order to increase the range of movements and flexibility in the joints of the hand.
- Place the brush on a flat solid surface( for example, on a table) and tightly, as far as you can get it, press the palm to it so that the brush is in the most flat position.
- Gently lift one finger off the table( as shown in figure 6), and then slowly lower it.
- Do it with all the other fingers. You can also lift all your fingers at once, with or without a large one, and then slowly lower them.
- Repeat this movement 8-12 times for each palm.
7. Pushing the thumb
Regularly performing this very useful healing movement can allow you to improve your skills of grasping, holding in your hand and lifting various heavy objects - such as cans and bottles.
- Put your hand flat on the table. Wrap the elastic around the arm at the base of your finger joints.
- Gently push your thumb away from the rest as far as you can, as shown in figure 7.
- Hold for 30 to 60 seconds, then release and release your finger.
- Repeat this manipulation 10 to 15 times on each hand. As in Exercise.4 and 5, it is necessary to carry out such movement two or three times a week so that the period between sessions is at least 48 hours.
8. Thumb flexion
This exercise, like many of the procedures mentioned above, helps to increase the range of movements in the joints of the hands.
- Starting position: the hand is extended with the palm facing you.
- Take your thumb off the others to the side, as far as you can. Then bring( bring) the thumb to the palm so that its tip touches the base of your little finger( as shown in figure 8).
- Hold this position for 30-60 seconds.
- Repeat this movement at least four times for each hand.
9. Touching the big finger
This exercise helps to increase the range of movements in the joints, which allows you to improve such important skills in everyday life as using a toothbrush for cleaning teeth, using a fork and spoon, and the skill of using a ballpoint pen during writing.
- Starting position: keep your arm straight in front of you, your wrist should be on a horizontal line, as seen in figure 9.
- Gently tap first with the forefinger and then 3-5 fingers to the thumb so that the letter "O" is formed.
- Hold the brush in this position with each finger for a period of 30 to 60 seconds.
- Repeat this stretching at least four times on each hand.
10. Thumb extension
Try to apply these two relatively simple movements for stretching the joints, ligaments and muscles of the thumb:
1) Hold your hand so that the palm is facing you.
- Gently bend the tip of the first finger down - closer to the area of the base of the index finger.
- Hold this position from 30 seconds to a minute.
- Release and repeat four times.
2) Hold the brush in such a way that the palm is also facing your face.
- Gently stretch your thumb to the opposite edge of the palm, using only the lower joint, as shown in Fig.10.
- Lock your brush in this position for 30-60 seconds.
- Release and repeat four times for each brush.
11. Hand heating
If you feel pain and stiffness in the joints while exercising the movements of the physical therapy, listed above, you will have little exercise in them, then try to warm up the joints of your hands before you start such gymnastics.
This will help your joints to have greater flexibility and a wider range of movements. To do this, you can attach a warm water bottle to your brushes or warm your hands in warm water for 5-10 minutes.
If you want to get a deeper warming of muscles and joints, you can use this method. Take a small amount of oil( vegetable or massage) in hands, cover them with brushes, and then put rubber gloves on your hands and soak limbs in warm water for several minutes.
12. Play with plasticine or clay
Performing various crafts made of clay or plasticine is a great way to increase the range of movements in the joints, and at the same time to strengthen muscle strength in the hands.
Thanks to the game, such manipulation-entertainment is not even perceived as physical exercises.
Blind in the ball the plastic material that you have, and then roll it into a long snake, like children do. Use your fingertips to fashion small details of crafts or pictures like the one shown in figure 12. Simply follow your inspiration and mold from plasticine everything that your heart desires - from ships to dinosaur studs!
Arthrosis of the joints of the hands: symptoms and treatment
The main cause of the common degenerative disease is arthrosis of the hands - damage to the cartilaginous tissue of the joints. The most often suffer wrist, metacarpophalangeal, distal( located at the base of the finger pad) interphalangeal and proximal( located at the center of the fingers) interphalangeal joints. Significant less often affected elbow or shoulder joints.
In arthrosis, the cartilage of the joint, simply speaking, wears out more quickly. Because of this, the bones begin to rub against each other without damping, there is inflammation, stiffness and painful sensations. To maintain the functionality of the joints and relieve the pain, patients are prescribed medication, special gymnastics, diet, sometimes it is recommended to change the way of life.
Causes and Risk Factors
The main cause of development of arthrosis is premature wear of the cartilaginous tissue. In some people cartilaginous tissue can worn at a fairly young age( 20-30 years), while others in 60 do not know about such a disease. It depends on many factors, some of which can not be avoided in principle.
The disease itself is not inherited, but some factors contributing to its development - yes. This, for example, strength, elasticity and density of cartilaginous tissue, metabolic features, etc.
Age - another uncontrollable risk factor. The older we become, the more all tissues in the body wear out, including articular cartilage, and the higher the risk of developing the disease.
Professional activity can also be involved in the development of pathology. Mainly it concerns people and sportsmen, whose hands are exposed to great loads: builders, loaders, weightlifters, boxers. Due to prolonged and excessive loads, the cartilaginous tissue wears out faster, preventing friction of bones against each other.
Symptoms of arthrosis of the hands can manifest themselves in different ways. The most characteristic are the following:
- painful sensations with various actions performed by the hands: squeezing the hand into a fist, capturing objects, flexing the arm at the elbow, shoulder, etc.;
- stiffness, immobility of joints, especially pronounced after a night's sleep;
- atypical difficulty in the performance of ordinary affairs( the feeling that there is not enough strength, for example, to open a jar or move an object from place to place);
- significant weakening of the grip( grasping) force of the brush;
- crunching in the joints;
- swelling, swelling of the fist or area near the wrist;
- formation of Heberden's nodules and / or Buşar's nodules.
Geberden's nodules are osteophytes or bone spurs. These are expanding seals that form on the bones at the junction of phalanges of the fingers. Geberden's nodules are usually round, solid, seemingly swollen. They are formed mainly on the distal and proximal interphalangeal joints. The proximal joints are also called Buschar's nodules.
Modern methods of treatment
Patients with arthrosis of the hands can be assigned various methods of treatment, including medicamental therapy, therapeutic gymnastics, special diet. In advanced and severe cases resort to surgical intervention.
Analgesics and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs( NSAIDs) are used for analgesia. NSAIDs dispensed from pharmacies without a prescription can not only relieve pain, but also eliminate inflammation. If these medications do not help, the doctor can prescribe a prescription for stronger means. If, and in that case, the treatment does not give the desired effect, go to injections. When analgesics and anti-inflammatory drugs are injected directly into the joint cavity, pain and inflammation recede almost instantaneously, and the result can be preserved for several months.
Rigid, painful joints greatly affect how a person uses their hands. For many patients, everyday matters become very difficult. Develop joints will help special exercises, which should be performed several times a day:
- unclench and clench fists alternately;
- alternately touch the pincushion of each finger to the base of the thumb, and the thumb pad to the base of the little finger;
- compress in your hand a soft object, for example, a ball, holding the brush in a compressed position for a few seconds;
- placing a palm on a firm surface, lift each finger vertically upwards;
- "go" with your fingers on the table back and forth or on the wall up and down;
- for arthrosis of elbows do the following exercise: sitting at the table, put an elongated hand on the tabletop and do tapping with the fingertips( with the whole brush) for 10-15 minutes - these are exercises for elbows;
- if the shoulder joint is affected, it is possible to do the swinging movements, but it is much more effective to perform them in the water - think about entering the pool.
By changing their lifestyle, patients can better control their ailment and suffer less from it. Hot paraffin baths and cold compresses are a good folk remedy for pain and swelling. Use compresses as needed, as well as between medications.
Wearing special bandages, gloves or elastic bandages stabilizes the position of the affected joints and gives them the necessary support. Due to this, you can avoid exacerbating the symptoms. Ask your doctor which supplements will work best for you.
Think about replacing some items in your home( kitchen utensils, cleaning tools).Such things should have thick and comfortable handles that do not require much effort to grip and use.
Be sure to adhere to the rules of healthy eating. The diet should include vegetables, whole grains, low-fat fish and meat. Keep an eye on the amount of sugar, salt and fat consumed - this will help to avoid excess weight gain( with excessive body weight, the joints are subjected to an additional load).Pay attention to vegetables and fruits of dark color( see the list below) - they contain substances that suppress inflammatory processes in the whole body, including joints.
Recommended for use:
red and violet grape varieties;
forest berries( raspberries, blueberries, cranberries, strawberries, blueberries, blackberries, etc.);
greens( spinach, lettuce, parsley, celery, etc.);
Citrus( especially red orange and grapefruit).
When the disease is not amenable to drug treatment, does not respond to changes in lifestyle and nutrition, the question arises of surgical intervention. In the case of treatment of larger joints( knee, hip, elbows), they are usually assigned a partial or complete replacement. Small joints( interphalangeal) simply bind or reconstruct. By combining the bones, the affected part of the hand is immobilized, but with it the pain also disappears. During the reconstruction, the cartilage is replaced, the soft tissue for which is taken from other parts of the body.
In the photo - the female hand completely
The defeat of the hands with arthrosis starts slowly, with the passage of time the symptoms intensify, and the tissue damage becomes more pronounced. This disease can not be cured, but can be successfully controlled. In time, having seen the symptoms and taking timely measures, it is realistic to expect a comfortable life without pain and torture. If you notice the first signs of ailment, do not try to mask them or suffer pain - consult a doctor for diagnosis and( if necessary) drawing up an effective treatment program.
Osteoarthritis of the fingers how to treat
Osteoarthritis of the fingers
Osteoarthritis, from the category of those diseases that, in the absence of timely and proper treatment, can lead to a restriction of the ability to move. The course of the disease is characterized by constant exacerbations. At its core, arthrosis of the fingers is a dystrophic disease that has a degenerative effect on the interphalangeal joints. The result of the destruction is manifested in violations of the functionality of the hands, it can be spindle-shaped deformation and nodular.
The result of arthrosis of the hands
Because the process of division of the intercellular substance is disturbed, then the tissues located between the joints crack and dry.
Clinical features of arthrosis ailment
Clinical features of arthrosis
This disease is deservedly called deforming osteoarthritis. And all because when the late stage of development of arthrosis sets in, not only the articular cartilage deforms, but also what adjoins it, that is, the bones. Basically, it attacks the segment of the fingers of the limbs, as a result, on the surface of the bone, thickenings are formed. Such manifestations are called the "Heberden bundle".The thumb of the hand is much less likely to be affected than others.
When arthrosis starts, which is extremely dangerous, bone tissue becomes denser, and outgrowths are formed on it, which have a deforming effect on the joints. These very growths are to blame for further inflammation. To avoid unbearable pain, a person with arthrosis, tries to move his fingers as little as possible, because it is difficult and painful. When the muscles begin to atrophy due to inaction, the joints undergo such changes, which can not be corrected.
Arthrosis of brushes: causes of
The cause of arthrosis
The most important and the first reason, according to scientists, are the age-related changes in the structure of the joint. A spinning flywheel of this whole process, which has a pathological nature, again, in the opinion of scientific researchers, excessive functional loads. There are many professions that oblige people to perform a lot of finger manipulation( programmer, teacher, dentist).And all because cartilaginous tissue has a property to wear out, as a result of which arthrosis of small joints arises.
There are still many factors that, as practice shows, can provoke arthrosis, but are not the direct root cause of this disease. It can be an old age or a period of menopause in women. Weakened immunity, experienced hand injuries, respiratory infections, which are often carried by the body, are also considered causes of arthrosis. It is likely that there is some relation to the disease: irradiation;vibration and cold;allergic processes;metabolic disorders or heredity.
Each sign of arthrosis characterizes a particular stage of the disease. Thus, in the first stage you will hear a crunch, while moving your fingers. Frequent pains in joints will begin to occur, especially when physical activity is performed, with time they become more intense. Seals that will form, will begin to appear outside the palms. Bright signs of arthrosis are swelling and swelling of the periarticular tissues.
The second stage is complicated by the fact that the pains become regular and much stronger. The toes are very stiff, and the lesions are reddened and heated. Those places that swelled at the first stage, now increase in size. A muscular atrophy of the finger that is inflamed is seen.
The most extreme and severe stage of the disease, this is the third. At this stage, there is a strong curvature, up to the change in the size of the fingers. In places where there were densities and swelling, Heberden or Bushard's nodules were formed. The difference is that the first, located on okolonogtevyh joints, and the second - on the middle joints of the fingers. Explicit deformation of articular surfaces and even bones makes the movement simply impossible.
All this is due to the fact that amortization is lost, and on the bones that are located near the joints spurs form. If you let the disease into its own right, it will lead to ankylosis, complete inactivity of the joint.
How and how to treat
How to treat arthrosis of fingers
All begins with making a diagnosis, after which the doctor prescribes a comprehensive treatment. All actions should be directed to the regeneration of cartilage tissue, increased microcirculation in the blood vessels. It will be necessary to improve nutrition, more accurately its quality, to remove pain effects and swelling. Everyone should understand that the answer to the question "arthrosis of fingers as a treat" can not be given in a few words, because there is no such miracle pill that could solve all the problems. All this can last for several months, depending on the complexity of the situation.
There are several ways to treat a complex. Namely, by a medicamentous method, physiotherapy, and also observing a diet and performing therapeutic gymnastics. Folk methods and treatment can also be useful through massage. A decent result can be achieved using each of the methods in combination with another. If you hit on all fronts, the disease can not stand.
So, a little about
All medications that are prescribed to a patient will cope well with the manifestation of severe soreness. After all, the most unpleasant symptom of arthrosis, which is difficult to fight and endure is pain. It does not stand in one place and grows, not allowing a person to fully exist. In order to remove pain, analgesics, anti-inflammatory drugs, myorelexants, glucocorticoids and steroid medicines are used.
Next come chondroprotective medicines. These are exactly those medicines that can cure directly the source of arthrosis of the fingers. In the main role is interarticular cartilaginous tissue, which for a number of reasons can be destroyed. The composition of chondroprotective drugs is almost identical with the structure of the articular cartilage. For this reason, only it is capable of producing new cells. But they need to have time to begin treatment in the second stage of the progression of arthrosis, if you are late with it, everything will be in vain.
Physiotherapy as a remedy for chronic joint disease
Special methods and tools have been developed for this: shockwave, magnetic, laser and sound therapy, as well as water procedures and "cold" procedures. In combination with medicines, physiotherapy techniques will help normalize all metabolic processes in the body, which will ensure the muscles stay in tonus, and cartilage tissue nutrition, in addition, help strengthen the joints.
If the probability of destruction of the articular part of the fingers is necessary to adhere to a special diet. The diet should include products with a full vitamin and mineral complex. If you find a good and professional manual specialist, then it is even possible to get rid of some deformations of the phalanx. Massaging affected joints, can bring you closer to winning over the disease.
In order for the amplitude of the movements of the distal phalanges to be greater, namely, not to let the joints become stiff in the wrong position, a lot of gymnastic exercises of therapeutic action for the hands were developed. But if there is inflammation, swelling, or severe pain, then do not exercise these exercises.
It has been proven by science that combining various methods of treating arthrosis and combining them with the use of medications, and adherence to the orthopedic regimen( most importantly, do not overload the joints) can lead to good results in the fight against chronic disease.
Video - Arthrosis of the fingers how to treat
Osteoarthritis of the fingers: treatment and massage
- Treatment of
Women who have reached 45 years more than all other people risk getting a diagnosis of arthrosis of the fingers. The lesion can be engulfed, as a separate joint, more often by the distal interphalangeal, and by all the joints of the fingers on the arm.
There are a lot of reasons for developing arthrosis of the joints of the fingers. Often they are associated with professional activities that require heavy loads on the hand, but can also be the result of finger injuries, exposure to X-rays, the influence of low temperatures.
For whatever reasons arthrosis of the fingers arises, the symptoms of the disease are the same. At first, there is a tedious, aching pain, intensifying at night. The muscles of the fingers feel tension. Periodically, in the area of the joints there are small swelling. At this stage of development of arthrosis of the fingers does not hamper the movements of the hands, the joints continue to perform their functions.
The next stage of the disease is accompanied by a permanent joint pain, which, with the slightest load on them, increases dramatically. The motor activity of the fingers is difficult, a characteristic crunch often occurs during movement. Atrophy becomes noticeable, at times it extends to the muscles of the entire hand. One of the bright signs, confirming arthrosis of the fingers, is an increase in the volume of the joints. This is due to the growth of bones and the formation of growths. Depending on the location, these growths are called either Nodules of Hyberden, or knots of Bouchard. Their presence often indicates that rizartroz - arthrosis of the thumb develops. At the next stage, arthrosis of the phalanges of the fingers is characterized by a significant restriction of mobility, not only because of the growths in the joints, but also because of the destruction of the cartilaginous tissue. Deforming arthrosis of the fingers can be accompanied by frequent fractures in the area of the hand. Puffiness, redness of the covers are also the companions of the disease. They clearly demonstrate the signs that confirm the arthrosis of the fingers of the photo.
How fast the disease goes through all the stages depends on which hand is suffering. If the dominant one( for the right-handers - the right one, for the left-handers - the left one), then the process goes rather quickly. Doctors say that there is often arthrosis of the thumb, regardless of whether it is right or not.
As with any other disease, it is very important at what stage the arthrosis of the fingers is captured, it depends on what treatment will be.
Different forms of massage are often used as a prophylaxis of the disease. If the arthrosis of the joints of the fingers has already manifested itself, the treatment also does not do without this procedure. Massage, improving blood circulation, prevents atrophy of tissues. With his help, spasms in the muscles are removed, the innervation of organs and tissues intensifies. When arthrosis of the thumb is detected, the treatment provides for its regular trituration. Massage is good because it can be done not only by a specialist, but also by the patient himself during the day at home. For example, the longitudinal grinding of each finger in turn in the direction from the base to the nail. Massage of the fingers with circular motions helps. From time to time it is necessary to perform active rubbing of the palms against each other.
Exercises for the hands
Various exercises are necessary for both prevention and treatment of arthrosis. It is best to perform them before the hands for a long time will be in peace. For example, before going to sleep.
You can begin with a passive exercise: the fingers of one hand bend and unbend with the other hand. Do this up to 15 times. How many times do and active charging: collecting fingers in a fist, try to unbend the brush to the limit. You need to bend and unbend your fingers in the distal joint, then in the proximal joint. Connecting your fingers, spread your hands and try to hold them for about two minutes.
In the treatment of arthrosis of the fingers, procedures are prescribed such as magnetotherapy, laser therapy, electrophoresis. After such treatment, the blood circulation in the hand improves, the swelling of the joints decreases, the cartilage is restored.
With permanent, exhausting joint pains, in patients diagnosed with arthrosis of the fingers, treatment is effective if used in applications. The analgesic effect is achieved by applications with both ozocerite and paraffin.
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Osteoarthritis of the fingers: symptoms, treatment, folk treatment, photo
What is arthrosis of the fingers?
This pain syndrome is accompanied and characterized by a mechanical rhythmicity, in other words it becomes aggravated with force loads on the joints, the pain decreases in a state of rest and passivity. Most often, several joints are damaged at the same time: the joints of the phalanx of the thumbs, the joints of the interphalangeal structures of the brushes. Untimely treatment can lead to aggravation of the condition of inflamed joints as well as to the progression of pain.
Osteoarthritis of the fingers is very often found in people in old age. In addition to age, the following can be the causes:
- hand injuries;
- heavy physical exertion( long, regular, power work, load on the joints of fingers and hands);
- congenital abnormalities in the development of the joints of the hands;
- effects of psoriasis, gout, diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis.
The following symptoms will help you diagnose arthritis of your hands:
- a strong pain syndrome with active hands or loads on their joints;
- crisp sound when moving in the joints of fingers and hands;
- swelling of the articular arm;
- tension in the places where the joints are located, also tension in the muscles.
If arthrosis affects only the joints of the fingers, the patient can observe the change and deformation of the fingers, their shortening compared with the previous state. This is one of the symptoms of the disease.
Used a lot of analgesics, vitamin complexes, stimulants, anti-inflammatory drugs.
Treatment in a folk way
For the treatment of arthrosis of the fingers of hands, in addition to traditional methods, I use folk remedies. They resort to the use of special compresses based on honey and salt. To prepare such an unconventional compress, you need to prepare a mixture of salt and honey in a ratio of 1: 1.Widely used clay treatment. Warm, clay appliqués leave damaged joints on the ground for 20 minutes. A great popularity in the treatment of this disease have acquired baths, infused with hay. To prepare a similar bathroom, pour a few handfuls of hay-oil with boiling water, the dishes should be sealed and cool the broth to a temperature of about 30 °.
Treatment of exercises
A variety of complex exercises are effective in treating arthrosis of the hands. Usually they are prescribed together with the administration of certain medications. The first thing your doctor will advise you is to tap your fingers on the table. For this exercise, you should sit as comfortably as possible at the table, placing your hands on the surface of the table, straightened brushes, all the phalanxes and joints relaxed, proceed to the exercises - drumming lightly on the table top. In case the patient has the opportunity to use outside help, a percussive complex massage is prescribed. The masseuse must place the patient's hand between the clenched knees, pressing his hand, using loose to apply lightly assured strokes to the damaged joints.
Arthrosis of hands: symptoms, treatment and photos
Deforming arthrosis of the hands is a disease of small bones of the hand, leading to a gradual destruction of the cartilaginous layer between the joints. Arthrosis is a slowly progressive disease leading to irreversible changes in the joints, which is difficult to treat and at the last stages greatly hampers life.
Symptoms of arthrosis of the hands
One of the causes of arthrosis is a violation of metabolic processes, which is most often observed in old age. In addition to age-related changes, the provoking factors of the disease development can be:
- Hand Injury;
- Long, constant load on the hands, which is observed when doing physical work;
- Congenital anomalies in the development of the structure of the bones of the hand;
- Rheumatoid arthritis, gout, endocrine diseases.
The appearance of the following symptoms may indicate that the small bones are deformed:
- Pain in the hand that appears when doing physical work.
- Crunch in the joints when moving;
- Swelling of the phalanx of the fingers;
- Sensation of tension in the muscles of the hand.
This disease can lead to such sad consequences.
Arthrosis of small joints in the hands has three stages of the disease.
- The first stage is characterized by the appearance of minor pain after performing a long, monotonous work. At rest all symptomatology disappears.
- The second stage is an increase in soreness, discomfort does not last a long time. There is an unpleasant crunch when you move your hand, puffiness. The patient avoids doing some movements. Periodically there is inflammation of the joints, which is manifested by swelling of the phalanx of the joints, the radiocarpal region. When the inflammatory process can raise body temperature, there are symptoms of intoxication.
- The third stage - the deformation of the joints is strengthened. Soreness is strongly pronounced, it occurs both during exercise and at rest, some movements can not already take place. The cartilaginous layer is almost completely destroyed, there are bony overgrowths along the edge of small and large joints. At the third stage, the development of osteoporosis is possible. The lack of the necessary motor activity leads to a decrease in the tone of the muscles of the entire arm.
In case of arthrosis of the hand, the interphalangeal joints of the second, third and fourth fingers are most often involved in the pathological process. This disease is more typical for people of a certain profession - text-makers, seamstresses.
Diagnosis is made on the basis of examination, analysis and X-ray images. At the first stage, there is a noticeable narrowing of the joint between the articulations on the radiograph. At the second stage, the picture can show a picture of the formation of bone growths around the joint. The third stage is a complete closure of the joint space, deformation of the entire joint, while the mobility of the patient in the wrist is lost almost completely.
Treatment of arthrosis of the brush
The sick person needs to know that the degenerative changes in the joint that have started can not be changed, but the process of their destruction may well be under control. Applying the appearance of the first clinical signs to the doctor, it will be possible to stop the process of destruction of the cartilage, which will stop the disease in the first stage, preserve the fullness of movements and work capacity. Complex treatment of arthrosis includes:
- Anesthesia. Patients usually go to the clinic at the appearance of pain, so the doctor's task is to relieve the pain syndrome with analgesics.
- Anti-inflammatory therapy.
- Suspension of the process of destruction of cartilage tissue. Chondroprotectors are prescribed for this purpose, this group of drugs must be drunk for a long time, sometimes up to several months. Chondroprotectors are necessary for everyone who is ill, since they do not allow further deformation to develop, stop the destruction of cartilaginous tissue.
Arthrosis of interphalangeal joints of hands at the last stages of the disease with a pronounced inflammatory process, severe pain and deformity can be treated with corticosteroids. At the beginning of the disease can be treated with physical therapy, laser treatment, medical gymnastics. To remove the pain, you can use and therapeutic ointments with active painkillers and anti-inflammatory components.
During the period of treatment and throughout life, a patient with arthrosis is recommended to include certain dishes in food. First of all, it is a cold, welded from legs, ears, bones of animals - collagen and gelatin contained in them, strengthen the durability of cartilaginous tissue, improve the circulation. When arthrosis is shown and the use of lactic acid products. Exacerbation of the disease can cause alcohol intake, so many patients still refuse alcohol at the first stages. In the diet of patients it is necessary to include as many fresh vegetables, greens, fruits as possible. In the absence of diseases of internal organs and after consulting with a doctor, it is possible to carry out medical starvation. For a patient with arthrosis, it is important to receive a sufficient amount of vitamins and antioxidants, the most important for the cartilaginous tissue are vitamins A, E, C.
In the treatment of deforming arthrosis of interphalangeal joints on the fingers of the hand along with prescribed medications, performance of massage and special gymnastics is indicated. To conduct them, you can contact a specialist, and you can perform some exercises yourself. Self-massage includes:
- Easy rubbing of all fingers, the very arm and forearm;
- Mash of the palm and fingers. For these purposes, you can use a suitable rubber ball.
Rubbing is performed by the pads of the fingers of the other hand with circular and stroking movements. Ease of movement provides massage oil, purchased at the pharmacy. It can also be prepared by mixing olive oil with sesame oil and adding vitamin A in a solution in an amount of 10 ml.
Inflamed joints of the hands require periodic rest, so patients need to alternate physical activity with periods of relaxation. When performing any kind of work, the brush should be rest every hour, during breaks, you can spend relaxing gymnastics. The doctors note that the inflammatory process in the first stage rarely passes into the subsequent if the patient passes the entire course of treatment and constantly performs the recommended exercises.
Treatment of arthrosis brush folk remedies
Together with the course of treatment appointed by a doctor, you can use traditional recipes - various self-prepared ointments, rubbers, compresses. For small joints of the hand, you can use trays with hay. A small amount of hay bales are poured with boiling water and in hands with hot water they hold hands for about 20 minutes. The procedure is recommended daily. Instead of hay, you can take grass mother-stepmother, turns, the root of the fox.
Helps to relieve pain and inflammation of the honey - salt compress. Honey in the required amount is mixed with salt, the mixture is wetted with tampons, they are applied to the damaged joints, bandaged and left overnight. Inflamed joints can be applied warm clay with medicinal components, such a drug is sold in a pharmacy. Inside, it is recommended to use brewed leaves from a young birch. Decoction of birch leaves cleanses the blood and affects the improvement of metabolic processes in the body.
Treatment of arthrosis of small joints is a long process, requiring compliance with certain working conditions, vitamin complexes, preventive drugs throughout life.