Sore muscles of the legs above the knees - causes and treatment of the pathology
Diseases of the musculoskeletal system - a very common phenomenon in modern society. Lack of physical activity, malnutrition and co-morbidities increase the risk of such a pathology in patients. Especially often there is a lesion of the lower extremities, since it is on them that the main load in everyday life falls.
When you go to a doctor, many people complain of pain in the legs above the knee. First of all, patients are interested in why these sensations arise and how they can be eliminated.
Sometimes such a symptom can be troubling for a long time, breaking the habitual rhythm of life and creating a palpable physical and psychological discomfort. Therefore, an important task at the primary stage of medical care is to find out the causes of pathology and to accurately diagnose it so that in the future it can be intelligently planned therapeutic measures.
If the legs are hurt above the knees - this is the result of various factors. First of all, such a symptom can be associated with changes in the muscles of the thigh and pelvis. However, pain in the legs is a sign not only of local disorders, but also of general pathology. Therefore, it is necessary to examine in detail the risk of developing other diseases in the patient, which at first glance are not related to the skeletal apparatus.
The appearance of pain in the muscles of the legs provokes such reasons:
- Injuries( bruises, sprains and tendon ruptures).
- Inflammation in the muscles( myositis), tendons( tendinitis) and fascia( fasciitis).
- Vascular diseases( thrombosis, thrombophlebitis).
- Water-electrolyte disorders( lack of calcium, potassium, excess sodium).
- Osteoarthrosis of the hip and knee joints.
- Systemic diseases of connective tissue( scleroderma, dermatomyositis).
- Osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine.
- Physical overvoltage.
Elimination of the most common risk factors - the basis of primary prevention of pain in the lower limbs. In addition, the timely treatment of concomitant diseases helps prevent its development.
Because the pains in the thigh and buttocks are the result of various diseases, to determine the cause of its occurrence, it is necessary to conduct a competent differential diagnosis. Evaluation of symptoms during medical examination allows you to make a tentative conclusion about those violations that disturb the patient.
Pain sensations are not the last manifestation of pathology, but can often act as the only similar sign in many conditions. Therefore, it is worth paying more attention to the features of the most common diseases.
The causes of pain above the knee are often the injuries of the soft tissues of the hip. This situation occurs in sports, at home or as a result of accidents. The mechanism of injury determines the type of lesion, and depending on which muscles are damaged, the localization of symptoms depends: in the buttock area, anterior-external, posterior or internal part of the thigh.
With bruises, you can observe the appearance of edema in the area of trauma, abrasions and subcutaneous hematoma. Flexion or extension in the knee may be limited by pain, respectively, from behind or in front of the thigh. Stretchings or ruptures of tendons are manifested by local painful densification, inability to perform limb movements involving damaged muscles.
After getting the injury, you need to see a doctor sooner - the success of the treatment will depend on the timeliness of the care.
Inflammation of the muscle or connective tissue leads to the formation of myositis, tendonitis and fasciitis. The causes of these changes can be both local injuries in injuries or overstrain, and common infections( eg, influenza).
Myositis is characterized by severe pain in the leg, which is amplified not only when the affected muscle is contracted, but at rest or at night. Characteristic appearance of such signs:
- Sealing of tissues in the form of a strand or roller.
- Redness of the skin.
- Tenderness on palpation.
- Muscle weakness.
Tendinitis is accompanied by similar manifestations, with a characteristic crunch during movements involving the affected tendon. Inflammation of the fascia proceeds with changes in the skin - it becomes more rough, acquires the appearance of an "orange peel".Fasciitis can proceed as a local infectious process, the cause of which is the introduction of microbes from the outside. This situation is often observed in the buttock area.
If the legs hurt above the knees - this can be a manifestation of vascular disease. This symptom is especially characteristic for venous thrombosis and thrombophlebitis, when the outflow of blood is disturbed due to the accumulation of fibrin clots. The following signs are characteristic:
- Constant pulsating and burning pains in muscles.
- Pronounced edema of the foot.
- Skin tight, pink-cyanotic color, warm to the touch.
- With palpation, you can identify painful seals in the form of strands.
If thrombophlebitis becomes chronic, there is a risk of bleeding from the blood clot, which can cause myocardial infarction, stroke, pulmonary embolism. These are those conditions that require urgent care, since they can have a lethal outcome.
Vascular diseases of the legs are a dangerous pathology, so if you suspect a similar condition, you should immediately consult a doctor. Timely and adequate treatment will save you from unwanted phenomena.
When hip joints are hurt with osteoarthritis, sensations can spread to the buttock area, the inguinal zone, and, if the knee is affected, to the front surface of the thigh. In severe disease, pathological changes also occur in the periarticular muscles, which are inflammatory-dystrophic in nature.
Basically, osteoarthritis is characterized by such manifestations:
- "Start" pain( appear at the beginning of the load), which subsequently become permanent.
- Crunch and friction in the joints.
- Deformations in the knee area.
- Disturbance of walking( especially with hip joint damage).
- Soreness in palpation of the periarticular zone.
Osteoarthritis of the hip joints for many patients becomes a real problem, as it significantly limits their motor activity, up to disability.
Finally, the question of why a patient has leg pain in the hip region can be solved only on the basis of additional examination methods. A typical clinical examination in a number of cases is not enough. Therefore, for the final diagnosis, various laboratory and instrumentation tools are used:
- Biochemical blood test( electrolytes, coagulogram, rheumatological tests).
- Magnetic resonance imaging.
For the study of soft tissues, magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasound are the most suitable. Vascular pathology requires dopplerography and angiography. If there are suspicions of fractures or joint diseases, it is recommended to undergo radiography.
For pain in the legs from the knees to the buttocks, it is necessary to treat the underlying disease that caused them, using etiotropic and pathogenetic agents. However, one should not forget about symptomatic therapy, which will reduce the manifestations of the disease. Thus, it is necessary to treat such a condition in a complex way, carrying out correction in accordance with the individual characteristics of patients.
Basically, the following methods are used:
Pain in the leg muscles - causes, nature, treatment
Feeling of pain in the muscles of the feet at least once worried each person. Their appearance may be the result of heavy loads on the limbs that caused muscle fatigue, or become a signal of the emergence of other health problems. They can be localized at the top of the leg, in the lower leg or scattered throughout the limb. Usually, such painful sensations indicate the appearance of problems, both with the muscles, and with the vessels, joints, tendons or lumbar spine.
Pain in leg muscles, causes of
Frequent cramping at night in children and adolescents is a consequence of the stress loads on arterial and venous vessels. This is due to the physiology of the growing organism and is explained by the intensive circulation of blood during the period of the infant's motor activity during the day, and by a sharp decrease in the tone of the vessels during sleep. Easy massage of the lower leg will improve blood flow and remove unpleasant stiffness. Formation of elastic fibers of blood vessels to 10-12 years of life will be completed, and night muscle spasms will pass independently.
But with pain in the muscles of the legs in a child caused by orthopedic abnormalities, a thorough medical examination and treatment is required.
Also the causes of pain in the leg muscles can be such common diseases of the vascular system as:
- Atherosclerosis is a disease of the arteries associated with the delay and accumulation of cholesteric plaques on their inner shell. The appearance of seals and thickenings on the walls of the vessels is associated with a violation of metabolic processes, and it can also be a consequence of spasms of arteries, provoked by hypertensive disease. A feature of atherosclerosis is the sensation of cold feet all year round, while muscular pain is of a contracting nature and is intensified when walking;
- Varicose veins caused by increased pressure in the blood vessels with a decrease in blood flow. Often worried about women, especially during pregnancy, a feeling of heaviness in the legs. Symptoms of the disease begin to manifest in early youth by burning, convulsions, and pain in the calf muscles. The chronic form - thrombophlebitis - is of great danger. Inflammation of the inner veins of the veins leads to the formation of blood clots, which irritate the nerve endings, show themselves lomising, pulling pain. The disease can affect the deep and superficial veins. With varicose expansion of superficial veins, the skin shows characteristic bluish seals along the vessel, deep vein involvement is always accompanied by edema of the hearth;
Pain sensations in leg muscular tissues can also be caused by a pinch of the sciatic nerve when discs or an intervertebral hernia is displaced. The constant irritation of the roots of the inflamed sciatic nerve can permeate the entire leg to the tips of the fingers with a sharp, evolving pain.
Treatment is selected depending on the source of pain, only on the basis of magnetic resonance diagnostics.
Pain in the leg muscles
If the leg muscles ache for no reason, this does not mean that it does not exist, but indicates a person's inattention to one's health.
The calf muscles are considered to be the strongest in the muscular structure. Performing an important function in the human musculoskeletal system, daily undergo loads of varying severity. Located on the back of the shin, they are in close relationship with the nervous and vascular system of the body. This explains the pain in the calf muscles as a sharp reaction to the change in the state of each of them.
It is important to note that often the pain in the leg muscles is a consequence of a passive, sedentary lifestyle of a person.
Prolonged sessile or associated with motionless standing leads to a violation of blood circulation, it causes stagnation, oxygen starvation, blood intoxication. Persistent disregard for preventive measures that normalize the operation of blood vessels can lead to very serious consequences.
Sore leg muscles - treatment, prevention
If leg muscles hurt, treatment of each pathology presupposes preliminary accurate diagnosis and strict adherence to doctor's recommendations. Conservative methods are effective at an early stage. As a preventive measure - a diet that excludes sharp, fatty, fried foods, a categorical refusal of alcohol and nicotine, systematic performance of metered exercise. Accurate diagnosis and effective treatment will ensure a complete medical examination.
With pain in the muscles of the feet, the cause may be inflammation of the joints and tendons resulting from overloads and injuries:
- Bursitis( inflammation of the periarticular bag and accumulation of synovial fluid in it) joints of the lower extremities - the inflammatory process can spread to the muscle tissue, causing pain in them, and with a strong exacerbation accompanied by an increase in body temperature. Infectious bursitis is treated with certain types of antibiotics, noninfectious - anti-inflammatory drugs, in both cases, if necessary, the liquid is pumped out;
- Myositis is a disease caused by muscle inflammation. Aching pain limits their contraction, causes protective tension and, as a result, muscle weakness. Forced stiffness can provoke the appearance of skin hyperemia. With myositis, leg muscles above the knees are sore. Most often it manifests itself as a complication of viral infections, such as influenza or angina. Treatment involves local use of painkilling ointments, dry heat and rest, taking analgesics and anti-inflammatory drugs. Rehabilitation will speed up the foot massage. Myositis can carry a purulent and parasitic etiology. But it should be taken into account, if the muscles of the legs ache above the knees, it can also be provoked by a number of other pathologies.
- Seizures are a sharp muscle contraction that can cause pain in the muscles of the legs. Sudden acute painful sensations like folding them when sipping in bed or changing the position of the legs after a long period of immobility. With a gentle kneading of the frozen area, the tissues gradually relax. A good treatment for pain in leg muscles caused by cramps can be its prevention. A diet rich in proteins, limiting salt, abundant water intake. In order not to disturb blood circulation, it is necessary to try to sleep on the left side, and sitting - not to cross legs. Contrast baths for the lower extremities favorably affect the blood circulation and general condition, promote hardening of the body.
- Flattening - a pathology associated with an irregularly formed plane of the foot, which leads to the loss of its functions and is the cause of rapid fatigue with low loads. The disease comes from the wrong shoes. It often happens in women who prefer high heels, which disrupt the posture and load distribution on the feet. Pain in the muscles of the legs can be very strong, accompanied by cramps and swelling.
Therefore, the opinion that the leg muscles ache for no reason is wrong. First of all, it is necessary to pay attention to your weight, it often provokes disturbances in the vascular system and other pathologies. The discomfort of any etiology should always be perceived as a signal of the body about the violation of health and respond to it in a timely manner.
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What to do with pain in the leg muscle from the knee and above?
Pain in the leg above the knee can be the result not only of damage to the joint itself( for example, cartilage cartilage or sprain), but also other diseases or inflammatory processes, including small blood vessels( vasculitis).Sometimes pain spreads to the knee due to damage to the hip joint or the femur-toothed joint. Often the cause of the malfunction is the spine pathology, imbalance of different muscle groups or developing rheumatic disease. As can be seen, there are a lot of reasons for aching the legs above the knees, the final diagnosis can be made only after examination and comparison of all the symptoms - the intensity of pain, the presence of edema and so on.
Regardless of what causes pain in the leg above the knee, adequate help can be provided by osteopaths who practice a holistic approach to the body.
search for thrombus or sclerotic plaques
To the doctor. . it is not enough if it is
my leg hurts above the knee
Sergey Al. Suvorov
Heavy physical exertion, this is the main reason why the legs hurt above the knees, but its appearance may not be related to this. Such pain often limits movement. Pain can be accompanied by numbness of the foot. The nature of pain is varied, from subtle to intense and sharp.
There are also chronic - prolonged pains, even up to several months, as well as acute, which occur suddenly from time to time. At such pains it is necessary to go on reception to the doctor to the rheumatologist, to the orthopedist, or the traumatologist. It is necessary to take into account the symptoms that accompany the pain above the knee. On them it is possible to make an assumption about a disease and go to the right specialist.
There is also one more reason why the legs hurt above the knees - the pathology of the spine. A herniated intervertebral disc can cause pain in the legs.
Sciatica, when the sciatic nerve is inflamed is one of these diseases. Neuralgia is also a common cause of pain above the knees. The pain in such cases lasts for several minutes, that is, it occurs with attacks. In the interval of time between paroxysmal pain, as a rule, there is no disturbance in the leg. From a pain of this nature, a neurologist can help you get rid.
Myositis is accompanied by severe pain. If your legs hurt above the knee for this reason, you should also visit a neurologist. This disease is treated long enough, regardless of the type of myositis. With osteomyelitis, too, severe pain may occur, but the bone, rather than the muscle tissue, suffers from it.
Well, of course, all known causes, such as injuries, bruises, stretch, in which you need to contact a traumatologist.
Do not diagnose yourself, seek professional help.
And in general such question already was: http: //otvet.mail.ru/question/ 67581075http: //otvet.mail.ru/question/ 26402654
possible injuries?no then I will not advise self-sufficiency until the good does not bring
Before the wedding he will heal.
Better go to the doctor and X-ray do a better than kt
grandmother's legs hurt, according to her lax veins above the knees, what to do?
Rub feet with alcohol and tie warm, better woolen something.
This may be a manifestation of a vein disease called thrombophlebitis. You need to consult a vein specialist in phlebology, or on another occasion, a surgeon. Do not pull. Ointments, rubbings, lotions and other folk remedies only after the diagnosis is established. Danger of thrombophlebitis in clotting.
Put your feet in hot( by tolerance) water for five to ten minutes, then put in bed, massage, hip to the popliteal joint. Apply cream after shaving if you do not have special ointments. Need sedative procedures, hand cream with chamomile, etc.
For grandmother, this will be a psychological means of relieving pain.
As a rule, because of the narrowing of the vessels, there is not enough muscle power. Massage( only do not touch the popliteal fossa), heat and at least 30 grams of water per kilogram of weight per day - it's water and not juice, tea, coffee, etc.