Arthrosis of 2nd degree of foot

Symptoms and treatment of foot arthrosis - a complete overview of the disease

Arthrosis is one of the most common joint diseases. Often it affects people of working age, significantly reducing the quality of their future lives. With this pathology, degenerative-dystrophic changes occur in the cartilaginous tissue of the joints, deformation and destruction of the joints occur. If a person has arthrosis of the foot - dystrophic changes most often appear in the joints of the big toes. As a rule, the disease is easy enough to diagnose, the characteristic symptoms are obvious even with a visual examination of the patient's legs.

On photo of arthrosis of the thumb

Symptoms of the disease

The main symptoms of the pathology depend on the degree of involvement of the joint tissues:

  1. At the first degree( the initial stage of the disease), the person observes periodic pains in the forefoot area, which most often occur after a load on the legs.

  2. Disease of the 2nd degree is characterized by a more pronounced pain syndrome and the appearance of a noticeable thickening of the metatarsal bone( "bones") - this causes some limitations in the mobility of the foot. With increased physical exertion on the legs, the pain can be intensified and permanent.

  3. On the third degree, the symptoms of foot arthrosis progress significantly: there is a pronounced deformity of the joints, movement of the foot is practically impossible.

And a couple more characteristic symptoms. A person suffering from arthrosis of the joints of the foot has a special gait: he walks, leaning on the outer edge of the foot, slightly limping. The skin near the affected joint can turn red, and the foot of the affected leg becomes swollen.

Possible causes of

Arthrosis of the foot may occur for the following reasons:

  • excessive body weight;
  • flat feet;Uncomfortable shoes;
  • is a professional activity associated with long stay on the feet;
  • genetic features of joint structure;
  • curvature of the spine;
  • wrong power supply.

All of the above reasons are related to predisposing factors: they can contribute to the development of osteoarthritis, but are not an absolute guarantee of its appearance. If you find signs of deformity of the joints, or you are concerned about pain while walking or running, seek medical help urgently. The sooner you start treatment and eliminate the causes of the illness - the more chances to keep your health. So, how to treat the disease?

Treatment of

How to treat arthrosis of the foot correctly and not hurt yourself? All the following methods of therapy are relevant at all stages of the disease. But they are most effective in the treatment of arthrosis of legs 1 or 2 degrees.

Traditional means of

The classic treatment of foot arthrosis can include:

  • Use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, for example, Orthophene, Ibuprofen. This group of medicines effectively removes inflammation in the joint and reduces pain.
  • Painkillers reduce pain syndrome.
  • Intra-articular injection of steroid preparations( in case of ineffectiveness of standard medicines).
  • Prolonged use of chondroprotectors. This group of drugs prevents further deformation and destruction of cartilage, improves nutrition of joints and thus stops arthrosis of the foot.
  • Application of physiotherapy methods: UHF therapy, phonophoresis( ultrasound), electrophoresis, magnetotherapy, low-intensity laser irradiation, radon baths, mud therapy. Physiotherapy can significantly reduce pain, inflammation in the joints and accelerate recovery.
  • Compliance with diet. It should limit the intake of simple carbohydrates( flour, sugar) and animal fats. Vegetables, fruits, legumes, cereals, sea fish and low-fat meat should prevail in the diet of patients.

The deforming form of foot arthrosis without proper treatment often leads to impairment of working capacity and disability.

To date, arthrosis is not fully treated, because the destroyed cartilage does not grow anymore. Therapy is aimed at maintaining the current state of the joints. Therefore, the question "How to cure the disease completely?"so far the answer is "No way".

Therapeutic gymnastics

Adequate physical activity plays a very important role in the therapy of ailment. How to treat the arthrosis of the foot with curative gymnastics, and what kind of exercises will suit a particular patient is determined only by the doctor. It is important not to load the affected foot at once( abruptly) and avoid excessive force exercises. Regular performance of the complex of gymnastics improves blood supply to the joint tissues of the legs, reduces inflammation and other symptoms of the disease.

Folk methods

Treatment of arthrosis of foot with folk remedies at home will help to ease the patient's condition and recover. Anti-inflammatory and anesthetic foot baths based on honey, decoctions of medicinal herbs( thyme, juniper, St. John's wort, oregano, mint) with sea salt are useful. But remember that, despite the positive feedback from patients about folk remedies, they are a supplement to the main treatment, but not a substitute for it.

Sanatorium therapy, treatment with bee venom( in the absence of an allergic reaction to beekeeping products) and leeches( hirudotherapy) is also recommended.

Arthrosis of the foot - treatment

In the pace of modern life, we often do not notice the alarming signals that the body reports about the nascent diseases. And for many, we prefer not to pay attention at all. That's why people often notice such an unpleasant diagnosis as arthrosis when the disease passes to the next degree, deforming the big toe. After all, the first symptoms - pain, puffiness and slight burning sensation - can easily be mistaken for overwork.

Let's find out what causes lead to our footsteps affecting arthrosis, what symptoms are signaling about the disease, and what treatment is possible in case of illness.

Causes of deforming arthrosis of the foot

Arthrosis of the joints of the foot and fingers is the premature aging of cells of the cartilaginous tissue, accompanied by a change in the structure of the bony heads and inflammation of the soft tissues.

The following are the main reasons that increase the risk factor:

  • is elderly;
  • obesity( and as a consequence a constant load on the foot);
  • metabolic disorders;
  • thyroid dysfunction;
  • as a consequence of professional loads( for example, loaders);
  • constantly wear uncomfortable, cramped shoes, as well as shoes on high( more than 4 cm) heels;
  • trauma and post-traumatic inflammation.
Types of arthrosis of the foot and their symptoms

Depending on the degree of joint damage, three types of deforming arthrosis of the foot are distinguished:

First degree. The first signs of a violation in the joints are periodic pain in the area of ​​the sock, a burning sensation and a crunch. Visually, the initial stage is expressed in small swelling.

Second degree. Artosis of the foot of the 2nd degree is an almost inevitable stage in the course of the ignored disease. It is a deforming arthrosis of the foot, which is expressed in the deformation of the thumb, the appearance of the so-called "bones"."Bone" is a thickening of the head of the first metatarsal bone, which gradually increases. The pain becomes more severe and can move into a chronic sensation.

Third degree. Because of pronounced deformation of the metatarsophalangeal joint, the thumb is lowered, its movements are extremely limited. Appears clear limp.

Treatment of deforming arthrosis of foot

Despite all the advances in medicine, the treatment of deforming foot arthrosis is rather conservative. Regardless of the stage at which your disease occurs, first of all you should forget about uncomfortable shoes and high heels. And visit a doctor. He will take care of removing the inflammation and pain syndrome, for example, by administering injections of lidocaine. It is likely that in the prescription you will see such drugs as: Ibuprofen, Orthofen or Indomethocin. In addition, physiotherapeutic procedures are popular: ionophorer, electrophoresis, magnetotherapy. In parallel, drugs that improve metabolism in cartilage and soft tissues are prescribed.

If these measures do not bring relief, then, as a rule, surgical intervention is required.

Arthrosis of the foot: treatment with folk remedies

Of course, in the arsenal of traditional medicine, there are many recipes for alleviating pain and general condition with deforming arthrosis of the foot.

Compression for pain relief

Mix chopped chalk and kefir until a thick mushy mass is obtained. Apply as a compress on the aching joint.

Anti-inflammatory tincture

100 g of crushed eucalyptus leaves fill 0.5 liters of vodka or medical alcohol. Insist for about a week in a place protected from getting direct sunshine by the best. It is necessary to rub in a sick joint every evening until pain symptoms are alleviated.

Therapeutic baths

For their preparation, traditional herbs such as oregano, thyme, lavender, eucalyptus, shoots of marsh ledum, juniper are used.

Review of the disease of arthrosis of the metatarsophalangeal joint: symptoms and treatment

Foot diseases are some of the most common pathologies in the world. In one form or another, they can be detected in 70-85% of adults, but many of them do not consider themselves to be sick: the bulging bone in the area of ​​the big toes( as arthrosis of the metatarsal joint manifests itself) is often perceived by people as a norm - age changes that can not be avoided.

Diseases stop mankind in many ways "due" to urbanization, fashion, as well as excessive sports or workload on the feet.

Why does the metatarsal joints of the thumbs most often suffer? The human skeleton is designed in such a way that in the vertical position of the body it is on them that the greatest load is. If this load is excessive - the joints do not stand up and begin to gradually break down.

Read further the capacitive characterization of the ailment: the main causes, symptoms, stages and methods of treatment of pathology.

Four causes of arthrosis of metatarsal joints

  1. Wearing foot-damaged shoes. Doctors-orthopedists include in this category shoes on a flat sole( sneakers, ballet flats), on heels above 7-8 cm, with narrow socks( boats) that deflect the thumbs outwards.

  2. Football lessons that lead to microtrauma of the foot joints.

  3. Walking barefoot or in shoes on a very thin sole on a hard surface( floor, asphalt).

  4. Chronic arthritis of the feet caused by hypothermia, deposition of uric acid salts( gout) or systemic disease( rheumatoid polyarthritis, lupus erythematosus, etc.).

A harbinger of this type of arthrosis is transverse flatfoot. In most cases, it appears by the age of 30-35, and in those who have congenital weakness or high ligament strain, such flat feet occur sometimes even earlier. Unlike the longitudinal, which almost everyone knows, transverse flatfoot for a long time does not make itself felt and manifests only a slight fatigue in the legs after a long walk or standing. Many people start to notice the problem when an ugly "bone" grows at the base of the thumb.

Click on photo to enlarge

"Bone" is a typical female symptom;in men, the transverse platypodia is usually not accompanied by its appearance, therefore it lasts longer unnoticed. As a consequence, men suffer from arthrosis of the metatarsal joint 4 times more often, but among the patients, the visible deformity of the foot is 8 times more common in women.

Symptoms and stages of the disease

In the development of metatarsal arthrosis, 3 degrees are distinguished: initial, medium and severe( severe).

1 degree

The first degree may not have clinical manifestations - it is characterized by only minor structural changes in the ligamentous apparatus: microfractures of ligaments and mild inflammation in them.

To recognize the disease at this stage will help palpation of the joint: in some points of pressure, as a rule, there will be pain. Also, the flexion and extension of the finger up and down, especially towards the sole, can be painful.

The X-ray does not detect any abnormalities.

2nd degree

The second degree of metatarsophalangeal arthrosis in the majority of patients already causes complaints: pain during walking, edema of the feet in the afternoon, discomfort with a long standing( feeling of heaviness, aches in the legs).Women and individual men near the thumb begin to form a "lump".

3 degree

The third stage has bright and characteristic manifestations. Even those who previously considered a "bone" on the leg as the norm, begin to understand that this is not so.

The pain becomes constant and strong, walking is extremely difficult, and the shape of the foot takes the typical form for this ailment: the thumb is strongly outward( hallux valgus) and is sometimes located under the second finger, and the metatarsal head is noticeably thickened. The area of ​​the joint swells, thickens and on the sole side becomes covered with natypes.

At this stage, the foot fungus is almost always attached to arthrosis, which can be recognized by itching, redness and flaking of the skin between the fingers, as well as an unpleasant odor. If you do not start treatment in this period, you can completely lose the opportunity to walk.

Methods of treatment of pathology at different stages of

The first and second stages of

To begin to treat arthrosis of metatarsophalangeal joints it is necessary as soon as possible. At first it does not require a lot of money and time: medicines are usually not prescribed;sometimes doctors recommend rubbing painful ointments( joints, ketonal, niaz, etc.) in joints.

The most important thing in this period is to eliminate the damaging factor. If the development of the ailment was caused by shoes - immediately replace it with the correct one( discard the shoes, ballet shoes, high-heeled shoes and flat soles).Instead, women should wear shoes with a 3-5 cm heel or a wedge with a loose front, and men should wear orthopedic insoles that correct transverse flat feet( if necessary).

Excellent strengthens the ligaments and muscles of the foot massage and self-massage of the plantar area.

Stop arthrosis will help walking barefoot on soft earth, sand or small pebbles, plus hardware physiotherapy.

It is important to keep the feet at the beginning of arthrosis in the warmth and not to exert excessive stress.

The third stage of

When the ailment has gone far away, the conservative method can only help to remove the most unpleasant symptoms: pain and itching, which occurs due to the attachment of the fungus.

The ability to fully rely on the foot can only return the operation: the removal of part of the head overgrown metatarsal bone and the restoration of the transverse arch of the foot. The plaicephalangeal joint after such operations becomes most often still.

Feet, as doctors say, is the second heart. Therefore, in order not to lose the opportunity to walk to 50-60 years, take care of the second heart no less than the first.

How to treat arthrosis of the foot and thumb? Symptoms, causes, treatment( + folk methods) and diet

Some body conditions of can provoke the development of arthrosis of the foot:

  1. Endocrine diseases, hormonal failures, metabolic disorders.
  2. The lack of micro and macro elements in the body.
  3. Congenital dysplasia of the hip joint.
  4. Other diseases of the musculoskeletal system, especially - allergic, autoimmune, infectious nature.

Symptoms of foot arthrosis

As a result of a variety of causes, the articular cartilages of the foot lose moisture, becoming less elastic, cracking and gradually breaking down. Compounding the situation and violation of blood supply of hyaline cartilage , as a result of which its regeneration processes slow down considerably.

The clinical picture of the disease consists of the following symptoms from the :

  • pain during physical exertion, prolonged walking, standing;
  • rapid foot fatigue;
  • pain when changing weather, in the evening, when cold water hits the foot;
  • crunching and creaking of the foot joints;
  • swelling, redness, increased skin temperature in the joints;
  • restriction of leg movement, muscle tension, especially often - in the mornings;
  • formation of corns on the sole of the foot;
  • gait disturbance due to joint deformity.

Characteristic signs of sensations for arthrosis of the feet are aching, hardening, burning pains, a feeling of stiffness, tightness of the joints. As the disease develops, expansion of the compensatory elements - bone osteophytes, capable of squeezing soft tissues and nerve endings - is observed.

Often, the arthrosis of the toes results in a thickening of the knuckles and the formation of Geberden's nodules that can break through a thin layer of skin. The thumb can move down, while the person tries to transfer the load to the outside of the foot, resulting in clubfoot and lameness.

Movement of the affected foot is severely limited;in addition to bone growths in the joints, cysts can appear in the muscle tissue, as well as on leg ligaments.

Kinds of

Depending on the type of affected joint, the 's feet are distinguished by the most common forms of the disease:

  1. Arthrosis of the subtalar joint( between the talus and heel bone).
  2. Osteoarthritis of the calcaneocuboid joint( connecting the heel and cuboid bone).
  3. Osteoarthrosis arthrosis( located between the scaphoid and talus bones).
  4. Arthrosis of metatarsal joints( joint of metatarsal bones with wedge-shaped joints).
  5. Osteoarthritis of the toes, in particular, arthrosis of the thumb.

For the reason that caused the development of the disease, there are:

  • primary( idiopathic) arthrosis of the foot;
  • secondary arthrosis of the foot( caused by diseases, injuries, inflammations);
  • polyarthrosis;in this case, the lesion of the foot joints is part of the generalized process in the body involving other groups of joints.

Degrees of development of arthrosis

There are 3 degrees of severity of the disease , characterized by different severity of clinical signs:

  1. The first( initial) degree. A person quickly becomes tired, pain in the foot occurs after prolonged walking or physical activity.
  2. Second degree. The pain is more pronounced and prolonged, there are small thickening of the knuckles of the fingers, calluses on the heels, and bones are formed on the other joints of the foot.
  3. Third degree. The deformation of the foot becomes clearly visible;there is limp, limited or complete cessation of the motor activity of the foot, the pain is intense and prolonged. The x-ray image reflects a significant narrowing of the joint slits, the formation of bone osteophytes, cysts.

Consequences of the disease

Chronic discomfort and inflammation not only significantly reduce a person's ability to work, but also lead to the appearance of bursitis synovial bags. In this case, the strongest pain manifests itself with the slightest touch of the foot.

In case of arthrosis of the big toe, a common phenomenon is the compression of the other toes by deformation. As a result, a combined pathology of the foot develops, which is difficult to treat.

In the advanced stage of , the fingers are so tightly fixed in the wrong position that only surgical intervention can restore them to their previous condition.

Degenerative processes in the bones and cartilages of the joints of the foot lead to a restriction of its mobility, and sometimes - to disability of the patient.

Diagnosis of arthrosis of the foot

The history of the patient's words and the clinical picture of the disease are the determining types of the examination. To establish the degree of development of foot arthrosis, an X-ray examination is performed, including foot and shin images in different projections, and for the evaluation of the state of muscle tissue - MRI.To exclude the development of osteoporosis, laboratory tests and densitometry are performed.

Differential diagnosis is performed with rheumatoid and other types of arthritis, gout, bursitis;soft tissue cysts should be distinguished from other muscle formations.

Treatment of arthrosis of foot

For the successful therapy of arthrosis of the foot, a complex of conservative methods, as well as a number of physiotherapeutic procedures and a set of therapeutic gymnastics should be applied:

Medical treatment of

This treatment may include:

  • NSAIDs to alleviate pain and relieve inflammation. Most often, the course of taking ibuprofen, ketonal, nise, movalis, indomethacin, piroxicam, orthophene, etc.;
  • pain medication ( spagmalgon, analgin, baralgin);
  • for severe pain, injections of corticosteroids( diprospan, hydrocortisone) may be prescribed;
  • restoration of tissues of hyaline cartilage with the help of long courses of reception of hondoprotectors( arthra, chondroitin sulfate, glucosamine);
  • for improving mobility of joints, local administration of hyaluronic acid preparations( synvisc, fermatron, ostenil) is practiced;
  • external therapy - ointments with bischofite( bishal, bischoline) or lotions and trays with this remedy, compresses with dimexide, medical bile, ointments with NSAIDs, warming creams.

Non-drug treatment of

  • for severe form of the disease - immobilization of the foot( gypsum boots are used);
  • wearing insoles, insteps, special pads, lifting the arch of the foot, or ensuring its immobility;
  • application of braces( braces) for fixing the foot;
  • massage, manual therapy;

How and what to treat arthrosis of foot

The feet are subjected to the maximum functional load. In connection with this, arthrosis most often affects this part of the body.

How and what to treat arthrosis of the foot and get rid of the pain?

The disease is accompanied by a sharp pain in the joint, which prevents the patient from moving normally.

Symptoms of

Pain syndrome is the most obvious symptom of foot arthrosis. As a rule, painful sensations arise after a long walk or running, climbing stairs or lifting weights. Subsequently, the pain becomes strong and frequent because of which the patient begins to limp slightly. Concomitant symptoms of foot arthrosis are:

  • Small foot swelling;
  • Redness of the skin at the site of inflammation;
  • Motion limitation;
  • Rough crunch when moving the foot;
  • Stiffness of movements after morning awakening or prolonged resting;
  • Increased body temperature;
  • Increased fatigue and reduced performance;
  • Appearance of characteristic calluses on feet.

In the X-ray, the structural changes of the foot joint become more distinct: the picture shows changes in the surface of the forming joints of the foot and the narrowing of the joint gap.

Degrees of arthrosis of foot

Given the clinical manifestations, three degrees of arthrosis of the foot are distinguished:

  • 1 degree. Characterized by periodic pain in the front surface of the foot. Especially the discomfort is manifested with high loads and leads to rapid fatigue;
  • 2 degree. The pain syndrome becomes more intense, the head of the first metatarsal bone thickens considerably. After prolonged exertion on the foot, sustained pains occur;
  • 3 degree. In patients, there is a distinct deformation of the foot joint, severely restricted movement. As a rule, the thumb goes down.

How to treat arthrosis of the foot at different stages of the inflammatory process? This question should be entrusted only to a qualified physician who, after conducting diagnostic activities taking into account the individual characteristics of the patient, will select the most effective and possibly less invasive method of treatment.

Physical rehabilitation

Speaking about how to treat arthrosis of the foot, doctors, first of all, advise patients to observe peace and once again do not disturb the patient's joint. Walking, and even more so sports at the time of treatment under the ban. Physical rehabilitation includes methods that restore the mobility of the foot joint and improve blood circulation in the tissues. These include:

  • Physiotherapy;
  • Massage;
  • Manual therapy.

All procedures should be performed only by experienced specialists, since in the opposite case it is impossible to achieve a stable positive effect.

Conservative treatment

Arthrosis of the foot - symptoms and treatment

Deforming arthrosis of the foot is a disease in which the cartilage is primarily damaged( degeneration and degeneration develops), and then the articular surfaces of the bones are involved. As a result, joints are deformed. This is one of the most common lesions of joints, the frequency of which increases with age. Thus, 50% of the population aged 60 years and older suffer from this disease, with men and women equally common.

Causes of the disease

arthrosis of the foot photo phalange

Arthrosis of the toes develops as a result of increased load on the joint, in which the cartilage strength is insufficient to resist this load. This is the main mechanism for the development of damage to the cartilaginous surfaces of the bone with deforming osteoarthritis.

Based on this situation, the main factors that predispose to the onset of this disease are identified. These include:

  • frequent and lengthy exercise;
  • is a nerve damage that develops in diabetes mellitus. As a result, the elasticity of the cartilage decreases;
  • overweight;
  • joint dysplasia, when the articular surfaces are irregular, there is no clear correspondence between one surface and the other, which predisposes to permanent trauma during movements;
  • injury, especially when wearing shoes with heels;
  • operative interventions on the joints;
  • inflammation of the joints( arthritis);
  • metabolic disorders, which are characterized by the deposition of certain substances in the joints and periarticular tissues. These are diseases such as gout( increased uric acid in the body), hemochromatosis( an iron metabolism disorder), Wilson-Konovalov's disease( a violation of copper metabolism);
  • cartilage damage that develop with age;
  • hormonal changes in menopause;
  • is an aggravated heredity, especially in cases of collagen formation disorders, etc.

Mechanism of damage to

Arthrosis of small joints of the foot, like the middle ones, is an irreversible process. Therefore, the treatment is aimed at preventing the progression of pathological changes, as well as on the elimination of arterial insufficiency, which leads to a decrease in the strength of the cartilage.

The mechanism of the damaging effect is as follows:

  • at the beginning decreases the content of the main substance of the cartilage - proteoglycans;
  • develops degenerative processes in the cartilaginous tissue;
  • substances formed as a result of decomposition are absorbed by phagocytes;
  • , cell death is observed, which carries out phagocytosis;
  • in response to this develops an inflammation reaction;
  • is involved in the synovial joint of the joint.

Thus, the arthrosis of the foot joints from the primary process goes to the secondary one with the defeat of a number of located tissues.

Symptoms of arthrosis

  • pain that is caused by physical exertion;
  • pain is most intense at the beginning of the movement;
  • the presence of constant pain is characteristic of the hypertension of a number of located muscles;
  • pain at night due to impaired venous drainage from the joint;
  • pain that occurs in a particular position is associated with either synovitis or periarthritis;
  • pain can appear and suddenly, because of the joint blocking "mouse" - loose bodies inside the joint.

Inspection of the affected joint can also provide valuable information. So, during the examination it is possible to determine the presence of a characteristic crepitation that appears during movements. In the case of joining the inflammatory process in the synovial membrane, there is local pain, swelling and redness of the joint. The late stages of osteoarthritis are characterized by the appearance of joint deformation.

Arthrosis of the big toe is the most common lesion of the joints of this organ. It is characterized by the defeat of the metatarsus-phalanx joint. The main manifestations are:

  • bilateral defeat;
  • localization of pain - inner edge of the foot;
  • is most often a manifestation of gouty joint damage.

Diagnosis of the disease

In the diagnosis of deforming osteoarthritis, an important role is played by the X-ray study, based on the results of which the degree of severity of the disease is determined:

  • arthrosis of the 1st degree foot - reducing the gap between the articular surfaces by more than 2/3 ;
  • arthrosis of the foot of the 2nd degree - even more pronounced narrowing of the gap, the outgrowth of the bone tissue is determined, and sclerosis under the cartilage is observed;
  • arthrosis of the foot of the third degree - there is practically no joint aperture, deposition of calcium salts is determined in the periarticular tissues.

Treatment of deforming osteoarthritis

Treatment of this disease can be carried out in three main ways. They include:

  • non-drug therapy - this is a special gymnastics, physiotherapy procedures, as well as the exclusion of low temperatures on the joints of the foot;
  • drug therapy, which aims to prevent the progression of the pathological process( basic treatment), pain management, and the treatment of concomitant synovitis;
  • surgical methods of treatment.

How to treat arthrosis of the foot with the help of pharmacological preparations from the group of chondroprotectors? These drugs are part of the so-called basic therapy, the purpose of which is to prevent further destruction of the cartilage. They exert their therapeutic effect when a certain concentration of the active substance is created. Therefore, treatment with them should be long. Chondroprotectors have a beneficial effect on cartilaginous tissue as a result of stimulating the processes of cartilage formation and also preventing its destruction. Currently, rheumatologists use 2 main groups of these drugs:

  • mucopolysaccharides( structum and chondroxide);
  • preparations that stimulate the formation of proteoglycans( don and arteparone);
  • combined preparations( artra and teraflex);
  • aflutop.

To combat the pain syndrome used drugs from the group of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs( Ibuprofen, Indomethacin, etc.).Their appointment is indicated in the period of exacerbation. It is best to use these drugs topically in the form of ointments and gels.

Synovitis should be treated by creating rest for the sore leg, as well as using nonsteroidal drugs and injecting glucocorticosteroids or arteparone into the joint.

Treatment of deforming arthrosis of the foot by surgery is indicated in the presence of persistent pain syndrome or loss of ability to normal movement. Bone outgrowths are usually removed or joint prosthetics shown depending on the stage of the process.

Arthrosis of the foot, treatment with folk remedies is a waste of time, since joints require real help to slow the progression of the disease. Medicinal plants can be used in conjunction with other methods of treatment.

Thus, osteoarthritis of the foot is a serious disease that must be diagnosed and treated in a timely manner. This will improve the patient's quality of life and reduce the risk of disability.

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