Characteristics and important features of arthrosis of the knee joint of the 2nd degree
Arthrosis of the knee joint( or gonarthrosis) is a degenerative-dystrophic disease in which the cartilaginous and bony tissues of the articular structures are damaged. There are 3 degrees of severity of pathology, but most often patients seek medical help precisely with gonarthrosis of the 2nd degree. Sometimes, only from the second stage of the disease patients are seriously treated and begin treatment, and the earliest symptoms of the disease are often ignored.
In the first stage of gonarthrosis, changes in the cartilage are not very pronounced and often are reversible. In 2 stages of the disease, there is a significant destruction of the cartilaginous tissue, a decrease in the amount of intraarticular fluid, the formation of a large number of osteophytes( bone growths).X-ray images reveal a pronounced narrowing of the intra-articular fissure, a violation of the joint structure, and a tightening of the bone tissue.
Three degrees of arthrosis of the knee joint. Click on photo to enlarge
Causes of gonarthrosis development
Arthrosis of the knee arises mainly due to mechanical damage to the joint structures, metabolic and circulatory disorders in the cartilage tissues, obesity.
The main causes of the progression of the disease and its transition to the second degree - ignoring the initial symptoms and lack of timely therapy, continued exposure to negative factors ( trauma, circulatory disorders, etc.).
Characteristic symptoms of
Above( in the introduction) pathological changes in arthrosis of the knee of the 2nd degree lead to the fact that painful sensations appear not only at the moment of movement, but also during rest or sleep. And in such a situation, patients rarely postpone the visit to the doctor.
Characteristic symptoms of arthrosis of the knee joint of 2nd degree:
- morning stiffness, not passing a long time, at which it becomes difficult to bend or unbend the leg in the knee;
- night tingling or pain in the calf muscles;
- strong aching pain, arising at the slightest burden on the aching leg, for example, while walking the stairs, and also appearing even at rest;
- swelling or swelling in the articular region( these are signs not only of arthritis, but also of acute arthrosis);
- at the 2nd degree of the disease there is a slight crunch in the knee, which at 3 degrees becomes already audible to other people;
- aches in the affected area during hypothermia.
If the patient ignores the above symptoms, then over time, arthrosis goes to the third stage, in which not only the gait changes greatly, but a walking stick or crutches will be needed.
Methods of treatment
Therapy of arthrosis of the 2nd degree has its own peculiarities. At this stage it is too late to apply traditional medicine, which is a good help at 1 degree - the main emphasis should be on conservative methods. Surgical intervention is rarely used, and in 3 stages of gonarthrosis without it can not do without.
The main goal of drug therapy in the 2nd stage of the disease is to reduce the pain attack. To do this, prescribe:
non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs( eg, ketoprofen or ibuprofen);
various pain relievers( tramadol);
ointments and gels( fast-gel, voltaren-gel, menovazine, gevkamen, espol).
Chondroprotectors are more effective at an early stage of arthrosis of the knee, but also at 2 degrees they also contribute to the restoration of cartilaginous tissue, as if "building" anew the articular cartilage. These drugs may contain glucosamine, chondroitin sulfate and other substances that make up the cartilaginous tissue. In general, drugs are used in tablets, less often in the form of intramuscular injections. Sometimes injections of chondroprotectors with hyaluronic acid( what is it? *) Inside the knee joint are prescribed.
* Hyaluronic acid is the main component of the synovial fluid.
Physiotherapy and exercise therapy
It is recommended that all patients are treated daily for therapeutic gymnastics. The LFK instructor will select an individual load and a set of simple exercises that will help strengthen muscles and ligaments.
In the treatment of gonarthrosis apply:
warm hydrogen sulphide baths.
Recommendations on the way of life
As for the first and second degree of the disease, patients should not lift weights, stay in one place for a long time or walk a lot, rely on a diseased knee - in general, in every way avoid excessive load on the affected leg. Patients with excess weight should get rid of extra pounds.
It is rare for gonarthrosis of grade 2, there is a need for surgical intervention. If such a need arises - during the surgical manipulation the joint is washed, osteophytes( bone growths) and destroyed parts of the cartilaginous tissue are removed from it. The operation of this kind is moderately traumatic, but thanks to it the functions of the knee joint are restored for 2-4 years.
If all the therapeutic measures taken do not bring success, and arthrosis progresses( goes to stage 3) - endoprosthetics is necessary. This is an operation to replace a deformed knee joint with an artificial prosthesis made from high-tech materials, which allows you to extend the activity for another 15 years.
Arthrosis of the knee of the 2nd degree is amenable to therapy, but if you make certain efforts and systematically follow all the medical prescriptions, then it is possible to stop the progression of the disease. It is extremely important to listen to the signals that your body gives, and in time to seek qualified help from specialists.
Characteristics, features of arthrosis of the knee joint of the third degree
Arthrosis of the knee joint( gonarthrosis) refers to chronic degenerative-dystrophic diseases, that is, which lead to tissue destruction. In this case, the cartilage surfaces of bones are subjected to destruction, the functions of which are to reduce the friction between the bones. Gonarthrosis is one of the most common forms of arthrosis. This is due to the fact that the knee joint is subjected to heavy loads, as it must provide the movement of the foot and maintain the body weight.
About this disease in general, we already spoke on the site:
In this article - a detailed description of the 3 degree of ailment.
Three degrees of arthrosis of the knee joint. Click on the photo to enlarge
Features of arthrosis of the knee joint of the 3rd stage
In the course of the development of the disease, the hyaline cartilage covering the bones and serving as a shock absorber during movements becomes thinner, cloudy, and then exfoliates and cracks. The stages or degrees of gonarthrosis are only four. For grade 3 gonarthrosis is characterized by an almost complete disappearance of the cartilage, because of which the bone is exposed, the synovial membrane of the joint becomes inflamed. The bone, which has lost protection, experiences excessive friction and is injured.
The body, trying to replace the cartilage, gives the command to thicken the joint capsule and "grows" on the bone surface osteophytes. These spike-like bone formations, which impede movement, contribute to the development of complete immobilization of the joint( contracture).
In the third stage of arthrosis, there is also a significant decrease in the distance between the bones of the joint - these changes are clearly visible on the X-ray.
In complex cases, when motor activity is reduced to a minimum, there is a risk of complete joint fusion.
A severe disability of the patient often causes his disability.
Causes of Grade 3Gonarthrosis
Osteoarthritis of the knee joint is diagnosed mainly in people over the age of 40, women are sick twice as often as men. The first two stages of the disease are considered reversible and treated( or their development stops).The trouble is that gonarthrosis can last for a long time almost without symptoms, until the moment when the disease can already be called neglected.
The disease can provoke:
- age and hereditary factors;
- diseases of the osteoarticular system( most often arthritis);
- metabolic disorders;
- endocrine pathologies( diabetes, thyroid disease);
- microtrauma and knee injury;
- permanent increased stress on the skeleton( including those caused by obesity).
The main reason for the development of gonarthrosis is 3 degrees - a disdainful attitude towards the treatment of the disease in its initial stage. Restoring significantly deformed joints is a very difficult task, sometimes requiring surgical intervention.
Also to the development of the third degree of knee arthrosis can lead to attempts to cure the disease at home. The use of folk remedies is acceptable and welcome, but they must complement, not replace, the basic methods of treatment.
Allergies of the early stages( stiffness and pain in the knee area, crunch during movement) are amplified in gonarthrosis of grade 3, and new ones are added to them. The pain becomes very strong, sometimes unbearable, and persists in a state of rest. Patients are often forced to stay in bed, but even then they do not always manage to find a relatively painless leg position.
The next most important symptom of the 3rd degree of arthrosis is a significant limitation of joint mobility, caused by its deformation. The patient with difficulty bends his leg even to a 90 degree angle and can not fully unbend it. This limits the possibility of normal walking. Sometimes blockade of the knee joint develops, when the diseased leg can not be bent or unbent.
In connection with joint deformities with arthrosis, the legs often acquire an X or O-shape, which causes abnormalities of the gait.
Left - X-shaped form of the legs, right -
norm Characteristic features of the third degree of gonarthrosis also include:
- accumulation in the joint bag of effusion - synovial fluid( synovitis),
- reduction of interarticular gap,
- replacement of cartilage cells with connective tissue( sclerosis of the subchondral zone),
- salt deposition on the joint surface.
Treatment of grade 3 gonarthrosis
The methods of therapy of gonarthrosis of the third degree have similarities and differences with the methods of treatment of other degrees of the disease. As in the early stages, apply:
- load reduction,
- reception of painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs,
Effective at 1 and 2 degrees of arthrosis, intra-articular hyaluronic acid injections, chondroprotectors designed to restore cartilage tissues, with 3 degrees of disease bring only temporary relief.
In the third stage of gonarthrosis, when the articular cartilage is almost destroyed, and the bones underwent significant changes, conservative treatment is not enough - in this case, they resort to surgical intervention. Operative treatment of gonarthrosis includes several technologies, the most common of them are two:
The operation to remove osteophytes and deformed bone elements. Such operations are low-traumatic and are performed with the help of an arthroscope - a tool that can be manipulated through several holes.
Endoprosthetics - replacement of the destroyed knee joint with an implant.
Operations of arthrodesis( joint fixation with bony bone surfaces) and arthrolysis( removal of bone adhesions and thickened synovial membranes with a view to increasing the volume of movements in the joint) are much less often performed.
Light pain that occurs in the knee during exercise is often considered unworthy of attention, taking it only for temporary and minor discomfort. This error can be expensive. When you turn to the doctor on time and follow all his recommendations, you will save yourself from developing a severe form of arthrosis of the knee joint - gonarthrosis of the third degree. Take good care of your health and be healthy!
Causes, symptoms of arthrosis of the knee joint, effective treatment and prevention
Pain in the knees is a common complaint that is addressed to doctors. What causes pain, and how to help yourself in case of its appearance? There is no unambiguous answer, because knee joints can suffer from different types of lesions that arise for many reasons. One of these reasons( and very common) is the beginning arthrosis. Today we will tell you in detail about arthrosis of the knee joint: what are its causes, types, symptoms and signs, we will talk about methods of treatment and prevention.
On the photo the knee joint affected by arthrosis
Types and causes of the disease
Arthrosis of the knee joint or gonarthrosis is a predominantly non-inflammatory lesion that eventually leads to destruction of articular cartilage, knee deformation and limitation of movement in it. The disease has two main forms:
- primary - occurs due to a congenital joint defect;
- secondary - occurs as a consequence of other diseases or injuries.
Primary form begins to develop at a child or young age and is caused by improper formation of articular surfaces or ligamentous apparatus. Such a joint when walking is subjected to a disproportionate load, which provokes degenerative changes in it.
To the development of a secondary form of pathology may result:
- Injuries: leg fractures, bruises and knee dislocations, accompanied by damage to the bone and cartilage parts of the joint, its ligamentous apparatus. In this case, posttraumatic arthrosis of the knee joint develops.
- Operations to remove the meniscus, as they lead to a violation of the integral structure of the knee and its rapid wear.
- A disproportionately high load on the legs, which athletes often subject themselves to.
- Excessive fullness also provokes arthrosis, as it leads to excessive pressure of body weight on articular cartilage of the knee.
- Arthritis - inflammation of the joints. Long-flowing arthritis is accompanied by the formation of fluid in the joint cavity and with time can be complicated by arthrosis.
- Metabolic disorders, leading to the deposition of salts in joint cavities.
- Other factors and diseases are long accompanied by spasm of the muscles of the legs or blood vessels.
- Postponed operations.
The pathological process can be one- or two-sided. As a result of the injury, most likely, one-sided arthrosis( for example, the right knee) will develop, and from obesity - bilateral.
Osteoarthritis of the knee joint develops gradually, sometimes it is preceded by months and years of the initial period, when there are no obvious symptoms( such as severe pain and visible deformity), but at times there is a feeling of discomfort in the knees.
Most often, women over 40 who are overweight, and especially as an aggravating factor, suffer from varicose veins.
The development of gonarthrosis passes through several stages:
The initial stage can last for months and sometimes for years. A person is worried about periodic knee pains, especially at the first steps after getting up in the morning from bed, as well as when climbing and descending the stairs.
In the second stage, the pain becomes stronger and arises even with any movements that are accompanied by a characteristic crunch. In the articular cavity fluid accumulation is possible, and on examination it is possible to notice the beginning deformation. The volume of movements in the diseased knee begins to decrease.
The third stage is characterized by pain, which does not pass even at rest. Often the discomfort is aggravated before the weather changes. Joints by this time largely lose their functions: the legs can almost not bend at the knees or do not unbend to the end. The gait changes: it becomes "waddling" or on half-bent legs. The deformation of the knees is strongly pronounced: the legs are bent and assume an O- or X-shape.
Symptoms of posttraumatic arthrosis of the knee joint develop more rapidly. On the background of trauma pains appear in the knee area and its swelling. Such pain constantly accompanies the person and is strengthened after physical exertion. Gradually, she is joined by a feeling of tightness and stiffness in her knee. Sometimes this form of the disease from the initial signs to irreversible changes takes only a few months.
Left - X-shaped form of the legs, right -
treatment of gonarthrosis The amount of treatment depends on the stage of the disease and the severity of the lesion. But since the disease is chronic, the only thing that can be achieved is a long-term remission( rest phase, when manifestations of pathology are minimal or absent).At the same time, if at the early stages it is possible to eliminate the cause of arthrosis of the knee joint( for example, to reduce body weight), then almost complete recovery is possible.
Objectives of gonarthrosis treatment:
- to eliminate pain,
- to restore, if possible, the destroyed cartilage and ligaments,
- to increase the amount of movements in the joint.
Methods of treatment:
- therapy with medicines,
- massage and manual therapy,
- restorative therapy( exercise therapy, physiotherapy and other methods).
Medication can be chosen correctly only by a doctor, in no case should you prescribe them yourself. Their main action is directed to:
- Elimination of symptoms of arthrosis of the knee joint: pain and inflammation removal. For this purpose, appropriate drugs are prescribed, including hormones, which are injected into the joint cavity.
- Improve blood supply in the affected area. It is provided by means that relieve spasms of the vessels and relaxing muscles.
- Restoration of cartilaginous tissue. To do this, prescribe drugs that nourish and repair cartilage.
Manual manipulation and massage reduce pain, relax the spasmed muscles near the affected knee, help increase the amount of movement, correct the position of bones, increase blood circulation.
With far-gone, irreversible lesions, the knee arthrosis is treated with a radical method - prosthetics, that is, the implantation of a metal prosthesis instead of a damaged joint. This is still the only way that gives a chance for a full recovery, but endoprostheses have a limited lifespan, after which they must be replaced. Since the price of such operations is very high, this method of treatment has not yet become widespread.
Restorative therapy includes physiotherapy exercises, kinesitherapy( exercises with special loads and simulators), physiotherapy and sanatorium treatment.
Orthopedic methods are aimed at unloading the diseased knee - these are canes, braces and other, which facilitates walking( used if necessary).
There are a lot of folk recipes for various ointments and compresses based on herbs, medical bile, apply warming dressings from natural wool. In general, the action of these methods is aimed at relieving pain and eliminating the main symptoms.
Video, how to do self-massage:
Prevention of knee arthrosis includes many factors:
- Balanced nutrition: the diet should be a sufficient amount of protein, vitamins and trace elements.
- Combating the wrong way of life and getting rid of bad habits.
- Weight normalization.
- Adequate physical activity.
- Prevention of injuries in sports, weight lifting.
The most important in detecting such a pathology as knee arthrosis is not to start the disease, because the far-reaching stages of it lead to disability. But if in time to direct all the forces for treatment and prevention - while time is not lost and the symptoms are insignificant - there is a chance for complete recovery from the disease.
It is important to read: arthritis of the knee joint.
Is it possible to defeat arthrosis?
Unfortunately, many people experience pain in knee and ankle joints. Often, it is not a consequence of previously received injuries, the reason lies in the insidious disease - gonarthrosis( arthrosis of knee joints 1-4 degrees), which requires comprehensive treatment. The ailment is manifested with painful sensations in the region of the knee-cap, which is intensified day by day.
If arthrosis of the knee joint is diagnosed, treatment is simply necessary, and it must be adequate and complex. On specialized sites you can see the appropriate photos and videos. Interesting: Want to get rid of joint pain - do exercises at Norbekov
GeneralThe disease does not occur against the background of the inflammatory process. When it comes to gonarthrosis in acute form, it means that the changes occurring in the joint are degenerative-dystrophic.
In order to see firsthand what is at stake, you can see a video about arthrosis of the knee joint 1,2,3, 4 degrees and the ankle joint.
One or both joints are affected, in any case, the full functioning of the lower limbs is broken, which "refuse" to cope with even small physical exertion, for example, with morning exercise exercises.
In the risk group, first of all, it is the representatives of the weaker sex who have stepped over the 40-year-old line, women with overweight, obese, and against varicose veins are more likely to suffer from the disease.
There are exceptions, sometimes people with a younger age are facing younger people, including athletes, the cause of arthrosis of the knee joint is 1, 2, 3, 4 tbsp.they have received and suffered injuries, including, and the ankle joint. Interesting: Is it possible to defeat arthrosis?
The main causes of the disease
You can not confuse arthrosis with arthritis of the knee joint, these are 2 separate diseases, you can see this by watching a video. Osteoarthritis of the knee joint is found in 2 forms: primary and secondary, in the first case it is a question of the innate nature of the disease, in the second case, the symptoms of the disease are acquired as a result of traumatic injuries or arise against the diseases of internal organs.
The main causes of the disease
If this ailment is "programmed" at the genetic level, then gonarthrosis 1 tbsp.declares itself in childhood. In the secondary form of the disease, in addition to the reasons mentioned above, it can be caused by a whole complex of factors: arthritis, salt deposition, increased loads.
Degrees of disease
Osteoarthritis is divided into 4 degrees. With gonarthrosis of the knee joint of the 1st degree, the symptomatology can last for years, the pain sensations are not pronounced, they appear sporadically, appearing under certain circumstances, external deformation of the joints is absent. In a calm state of pain, as a rule, they do not exist at all, special therapeutic exercises help to cope with the situation.
The main causes of the development of the diseaseWith gonarthrosis of the knee joint of the 2nd degree, pain is increased even with minor physical exertion and immediately after them. There is a crunch, which tends to increase, joint deformity begins, there are problems with bending the knees.
Moreover, with arthrosis of the knee joints 2 degrees, the symptomatology is complicated by the accumulation of fluid in the joint cavity, this can also be seen from the video.
With each next degree of gonarthrosis, the situation is only aggravated and can result in the fact that in addition to replacing the joint with an endoprosthesis, there is no other way out.
When symptoms of knee arthrosis appear, treatment should be started from the first day of diagnosis.
Treatment of the disease
How is arthrosis of the knee joint treated, arthrosis of the ankle joint? Is it possible, in particular, to get rid of gonarthrosis of the knee joint of 1-2 degree? Again, it is advisable to refer to the video in order to visually familiarize yourself with all the measures taken in the complex treatment. These include the use of arthrosis knee joints ointments, such as: ointment Atroaktiv, Diclofenac, Ferbenon, ointment Heparinovaya and other ointments. They can also be used for arthrosis of the ankle, judging by the opinions of patients, the desired effect is achieved.
Physiotherapy to help you
When it comes to the question of how to cure arthrosis of joints 1,2, 3, 4 degrees, it is worth remembering the feasible physical loads that are shown in this disease.
In the fight against arthrosis
So, for example, an excellent option is for arthrosis of the knee joints of exercise therapy( exercise therapy), more about it you can learn from video clips. LFK helps to achieve positive symptoms:
- Painful sensations decrease;
- The tension in the muscles decreases, and their tone rises;
- Joint tissues receive more nutritious food;
- Joints start to function better.
There is a special exercise therapy complex, which is a complex of exercises for arthrosis of the knee joints developed by specialists. You can familiarize yourself with this by yourself by watching video exercises for arthrosis of knee joints 1,2, 3,4 degree.
Arthroscopy of the knee joint
In this case, it is a medical and diagnostic method, you can learn more about it by watching a video about arthroscopy of the knee joint. When carrying out research in the area of the patient's joint( above it), cuts of several millimeters are made, allowing the introduction of a special instrument that allows the doctor to perform all necessary manipulations. Such sparing surgical intervention as atroskopija at an arthrosis of a knee joint of reviews deserves only positive. After all, arthroscopy, and this makes it possible to verify the video, is a very serious operation, but high-precision modern medical equipment allows achieving high results, minimizing the risks present during normal operations.
Arthroscopy of the knee joint
After carrying out an anthroscopy of the knee joint, it should be restored, it requires a certain period of time. At this time, it is necessary to follow a certain treatment regimen, which directly depends on the individual characteristics of the patient's body. But the recovery period is not protracted.
The measures of complex rehabilitation after arthroscopy of knee joints include physiotherapy, carried out in 3 stages. At the initial stage, it is aimed at abandoning the aids during walking, by regaining control over the muscles of the lower extremities. Further complex measures concern the restoration of the motor functions of the knees with the performance of the necessary exercises, at the last stage the rehabilitation after atroskopii should be safely completed.
The ankle joint
is threatened. In addition to the knees, for arthrosis, for various reasons, the ankle joint may suffer. Do not pass without consequences for him cases when the leg is tucked, even if it may seem a trifle, not requiring treatment, but micro-trauma can end badly.
Under the throat ankle joint
To judge the presence of arthrosis of the ankle allow the symptoms of such a plan as the appearance of pain, gradually increasing, crunching in the joints, signs of their deformation and mobility, judging the disease can be on the appearance of swelling and other ailments in the anklethe joint. It is not necessary to postpone visits to the doctor when symptoms appear, since the ankle requires no less serious treatment, performing the appropriate exercises.
Based on the above, we recall that it is necessary to treat joint diseases and undergo timely rehabilitation.
Osteoarthritis of the knee joint treatment |Are joints aching?
Osteoarthritis of the knee joint symptoms
Complaints at different stages of the disease may vary. At first, the main symptoms are minor pain, crunching, restriction of freedom of movement. Signs of arthrosis of the knee joint are more pronounced in the second stage. These include pain during periods of physical activity( prolonged walking, lifting weights, etc.) and after them. Characteristic signs are a crunch in the joints and difficulty in moving. At this stage, deformation changes can occur.
Acute arthrosis of the knee joint causes severe, persistent pain. At the third stage of the disease, patients are sensitive to weather changes. Mobility of the knee is very difficult.
Knee Osteoarthritis Causes
There are probably two types of development of this disease. In some cases, the cause of the development of arthrosis is the congenital defect of the joint and its incorrect formation. As a result, the knee does not withstand the loads that arise when walking, which leads to pathological changes. As can be seen in the photo, arthrosis of the knee joint leads to a decrease in the distance between the bones and the thinning of the cartilaginous tissue. The development of the disease occurs in children and young age.
Osteoarthritis can have a secondary form. The cause of the disease in this case is a serious injury. Damage to bone tissue, cartilage and ligaments is important. Osteoarthritis, which is the result of trauma, is defined as posttraumatic. Other causes are meniscus removal and other surgical interventions, overweight, metabolic disorders.
Arthrosis can be preceded by arthritis of the knee joint. There is a violation of microcirculation in the tissues, which leads to the accumulation of excess fluid and the appearance of edema. No significant bone deformities or changes in the distance between bone surfaces are detected. However, there are edemas and painful sensations, which reduce the mobility of the joint.
Osteoarthritis often affects athletes, as their joints are subjected to very high loads. To provoke it can prolonged cramps of muscles or vessels of the legs, caused by a disease or other factors.
Osteoarthritis of the knee joint treatment
The complex of procedures and medications will largely depend on the stage at which the patient turned to the doctor. When deciding where to treat arthrosis of the knee joint, it is worth considering the chronic nature of this disease. Various therapies are aimed at maximizing the possible resting phase. However, if at an early stage it is possible to identify the cause of the disease and eliminate it, one can expect recovery. This applies, in particular, to patients who are overweight.My patients use a proven means, which can get rid of the pain in 2 weeks without much effort.
In the treatment of arthrosis of the knee joint, different groups of drugs are used. To reduce the pain, non-hormonal anti-inflammatory drugs( ketoprofen, nimulide, piroxicam and others) are used. It is worth noting that they are struggling with symptoms, not with the disease itself. Therefore, they can only be used in conjunction with other measures. On the video of knee arthrosis treatment, you can see special exercises that tonify muscles and speed up the blood flow.
Signs and symptoms Arthrosis( 4 main symptoms)
Arthrosis or asteroarthrosis is a joint disease, the main cause of which is the violation of the patency of the vessels that feed the articular ends of the bone. At its core, this premature wear of the intraarticular cartilage due to a partial cessation or restriction of the supply of nutrients to it. In this case, the disease has a chronic, progressive nature, which is accompanied by increased pain in the joints and the gradual destruction of the cartilage resulting in the exposure of bone in the joint. After that, the joint stops working normally, the pain is present almost constantly, the formation of bone outgrowth begins with the possible deformation of the bone itself.
The most common arthrosis of the knee, hip and phalangeal joints. Traditionally, there are two types of arthrosis: primary - arising from the general background of age-related changes in the body, and secondary - developed as a result of trauma, excessive physical exertion, an infectious or other disease, for example, diabetes mellitus. Older people get arthritis more often, however, secondary arthrosis sometimes occurs at a younger age. The uncontrolled development of this disease can lead to disability. And here very important is the early detection of the disease and the timely initiation of treatment. In the early stages of asteroarthrosis can still be stopped, and prevent further development of the disease. Therefore, treat your health with due attention! And by subscribing to our newsletter, you will always be aware of all medical news and new treatments!
Osteoarthritis: symptoms of the disease
Unexpected pain in the joint
The main sign of arthrosis is an unexpected pain in the joint that appears when you are physically stressed on it and the possible occurrence of convulsive muscle tension. At the second stage of the development of the disease, small tumors can arise in the area of the joint affected by the disease, audible crunch and constant discomfort during the joint operation.
Minor pain while walking
With arthrosis of the knee or coonarthrosis, the manifestation of the disease begins with minor pain when walking, especially when climbing the stairs, as well as in the case of prolonged standing in one place or sitting without moving.
Convulsive pain in calves
As a symptom of arthrosis, at night during rest, convulsive pains in calves may occur. After a while, in the second stage of development of coonarthrosis, a small knee tumor may form, and ordinary leg bending begins to cause painful discomfort. If at this stage of the disease bend the knee to the stop, then a crunch is heard and a painful feeling arises in the joint. When probing the joint, there is a feeling of pain if you try to dislodge the patella.
In the third stage, it is almost impossible to completely straighten the leg, and therefore a man affected by arthrosis of the knee joint goes all the time on slightly bent legs. The curvature of the legs begins to develop, the knee joints swell and protrude. This stage of the development of the disease is characterized by the constant presence of pain in the knee joints. Statistics show that the development of coonarthrosis in the third stage occurs in 15% of cases. In the majority of cases, its development stops earlier, thanks to the timely treatment begun. Therefore, if you notice the primary signs of this disease from your friends or friends, then do not forget to draw their attention to this article.
Symptoms of coxarthrosis
Pain in the groin
The primary symptom of arthrosis of the hip joints or coxarthrosis is a recurrent pain in the groin that extends along the front or side of the thigh can reach the knee. At the same time, a pain sensation almost never appears below the knee, and in this the main difference in the signs of coxarthosis is the pain resulting from loin damage, for example, in the hernia of the intervertebral disc.
Pain often occurs when you get up from the stool and the first few steps after that are painful enough. In the first stage, the pain in the joint is not sharp, but rather a background, noisy, more pronounced with long walks and physical exertion. As the disease progresses, pain sensations occur more often and their intensity increases. Already in the second stage, a sharp aggravation may occur, which lasts for several days. Appears clearly audible crunch of the joint. In the third stage, in addition to pain, there is a significant limitation of leg mobility. It is almost impossible to raise your knee to your chest or sit down with your legs wide apart. Rotation of the leg can be made only by the movement of the waist.
Diagnosis of arthrosis
Diagnosis of arthrosis is based, above all, on the determination of such a predisposing factor as the appearance of pain and discomfort in the movements of the joints. If the above signs of the disease occur, it is possible to perform an X-ray, radionuclide and morphological study. All studies are conducted only in clinical settings and conclusions on them should be given only by qualified specialists. On our website, you can always ask questions about symptoms, treatment and prevention of arthrosis in the comments below.
Photo of patients with arthrosis