Physiotherapy exercises with flat feet

LFK with flatfoot

LFK with flatfoot

Under the flatfoot is understood the changed form of the foot, which is characterized by the complete or partial omission of its arches: transverse and longitudinal. Like many other pathological disorders, flat feet have a variety. It should be noted that there can be a combination of several forms.

Features of the disease

Diagnosis of the flatfoot can be done by radiographing the corresponding stop zone in two projections in the standing position. But, of course, a competent orthopedist will be able to determine whether a person has this pathology during physical examination.

In order to diagnose platypodia, experts, in addition to X-rays, also use indicators such as the features of shoe wear and gait, the response of muscles and arches to the load, motor volume and angles of deflection, anatomical landmarks of the ankle and foot, etc. But in order to determine the degree of flat-foot orthopedics, they analyze precisely the obtained radiographs.

LFK with flatfoot

Therapeutic physical culture( abbreviated LFK) is a special therapeutic method, which consists of the use of physical exercises in the process of treating a patient with therapeutic and prophylactic purposes. In other words, the basis of this method is movement - the basic biological function of the body.

Complex of exercises

LFK is one of the most productive methods that help to strengthen muscle tone and maximize blood flow. Therefore, the appointment of a competent curative physical culture with flat feet is completely understandable, since it is directed at the effect on each link of this pathological process.

The muscular groups to which the exercise complex

is directed. So, the main goal of physiotherapy exercises with flatfoot is to effectively achieve the position of the arch, which is necessary for complete recovery, and maximum fixation of the results obtained. There are different sets of exercises that are aimed at improving the performance and strengthening of certain muscle groups. These are the calcaneus, lower leg and thigh, ankle joint, plantar aponeurosis, metatarsal fingers.

Basic exercises of

It is worth noting that in order to achieve maximum results in the shortest possible time, it is recommended to combine exercise complexes that are aimed at stimulating different muscular systems. As a rule, for this standard exercises( standing, lying, sitting) combine with the use of auxiliary objects in the form of inclined planes, gymnastic sticks, as well as geometric cubes.

Use of auxiliary items during exercise therapy

The correct choice of a set of exercises, the daily responsible execution of it for several months can lead to excellent results that will stop the progressive flattening of the foot.

The main principles of the correct performance of the exercises

Is it worth saying that you can start classes only after diagnosis and professional advice of a specialist? But beyond this very obvious point, it is necessary to pay attention to a number of other features, on which the speed of achieving the desired results depends and, importantly, the absence of damage and deterioration of health.

You should not do any kind of amateur activity, that is, do gymnastics, which the doctor did not recommend. Even if it seems to you that some exercise will only improve the situation, it is worthwhile once again to go to a specialist and ask a question of interest. This is due to the fact that each complex is selected for a specific pathology. Some exercises can significantly harm.

LFK should consist only of the correct exercises

An interesting fact is that when walking on sand or stones every day barefoot, the effectiveness of therapeutic exercises in the fight against flatfoot increases at times. And in order to qualitatively fix the result it is recommended to walk on toes, on the heels and along the inclined plane.

This additional exercise can lead to a great effect, being at the same time guaranteed to be harmless. To achieve maximum results, experts recommend combining exercise therapy with exercises aimed at normalizing the tone of the back and correcting the posture.

Rehabilitation with physiotherapy exercises

In order for a person to become fully healthy, it is not always enough to take medication and prescribe exercises. Of great importance is the psychological mood, the desire of man. The fact that the treatment of flat feet physical exercises - this is a daily monotonous work, which does not immediately bring the desired results. Therefore, if a person firmly decided to get rid of such a common problem as flat feet, then he should have patience.

Only with the help of serious strong-willed efforts does the patient have a chance to become healthy and forget for ever that he had a pathology of this type.

Irregular, not conscientiously performed exercises will never lead to even the slightest results. In the treatment of flat feet with the help of physiotherapy exercises, self-discipline, regularity and responsibility of the patient to themselves and their health are of great importance.

Many orthopedic specialists recommend to apply before the beginning of the treatment course to a psychologist who can correctly adjust for long-term work and motivate a person.

The choice of shoes for exercise therapy

It's no secret that shoes are of great importance for the formation of the right human foot. We spend in shoes, boots for most of the day, so the shoes we choose should ideally match the type of foot, be comfortable and not cause even the slightest discomfort.

Especially important selection of shoes is for a person who is taking a course of physical therapy for getting rid of flat feet. Even if the patient will conscientiously, responsibly and regularly perform physical exercises, the result will instantly disappear if, with an illiterate selection of shoes.

Selection of orthopedic shoes

Please note that experts recommend choosing shoes that would match several indicators. First, its medial edge should be spacious and, very importantly, straight. Secondly, shoes must be made of natural material, namely leather. And, thirdly, the heel height must not be strictly higher than four to five centimeters.

You should also pay attention to the special corrective shoe insole. They are especially important at the beginning of the treatment course. Special insole for combating flatfoot allows you to maintain the arch in the correct position. They also play an important role in the return of muscle tone.

The purchase of such insoles will significantly speed up and improve the efficiency of the treatment process. By the way, in these insoles it is recommended not only to walk, but also to engage in appropriate exercises, since they will not do any harm, but will only enhance the effect of the performed gymnastic exercises.

Thus, it is worth noting that therapeutic physical culture is an integral part of the healing process. LFK is an important and obligatory method that will help to cope with flat feet successfully and effectively. But do not forget that the selection of a set of exercises should only deal with a competent orthopedic trauma specialist.

Video - exercise therapy with flatfoot

LFK with flat feet: ten simple exercises

A growing baby can have a huge number of different problems. One of them is a flatfoot. How to cope with the problem without harming the health of the child?


problem Flat-footedness is the deformation of a person's foot, which, in principle, does not bring much discomfort. It should be noted that in children under the age of seven, there is no such problem at all, because by this time most often everything goes by itself: the flatfoot disappears, the foot function is normalized. However, even for preventive purposes, it is good to conduct certain activities with a child of any age. Excellent treatment will help physical exercise - exercise therapy with flat feet. By the way, this is probably the most effective way to deal with the problem.

Exercise 1

What kind of training can the course of exercise therapy consist of? With flatfoot, the following set of exercises will help. First: the child should be given a bottle, a small ball or a pin. He will have to roll this object with his foot. First one, then another.

Exercise 2

The next exercise. To do this, the child should sit on the floor, bend his legs, and put the feet exactly on the floor. Under the legs of the baby you need to put a long towel, which he with the fingers of his feet should push the boot under him. It is forbidden to tear the foot off the floor. First, the procedure is done with one foot, then the second.

Exercise 3

The next exercise of the exercise therapy for flat feet. The child should unbend his knees, stretch out sitting and with the thumb of one leg to hold on lifting the other leg in the direction from the foot to the knee. Such stroking should be repeated 3-4 times with each leg.

Exercise 4

What else does exercise therapy require when flanking? For the next exercise, you will need small details - pens, pencils, erasers. They need to be spread out on the floor, and the child must collect all this with his toes and distribute them to different piles. The procedure is to hold one, and then the second leg.

Exercise 5

Now you need to learn how to draw with your feet! A pencil is clamped between the child and he must draw the picture suggested to him. You can even arrange a contest, which foot is better to do it.

Exercise 6

The following exercise of exercise therapy with flat feet in children is very helpful: the child needs to sit on the floor and bend his knees. Now with the toes of the foot it is necessary to make movements of the caterpillar: squeezing and unclenching the toes slightly to move forward. If there are several children, you can even arrange fun starts!

Exercise 7

The next exercise is also done in the sitting position. The kid should spread his knees, and put the feet to each other. Next, he needs to straighten his legs so that the position of the feet does not change at all.

Exercise 8

What else does exercise therapy require when flanking? Exercises must be diverse. Next: the child should sit down and straighten his legs, he just needs to describe the circular movement.

Exercise 9

What else can I do? The child should sit down, bend his knees and touch the floor with his fingers, making movements similar to the drum roll.

Exercise 10

The last exercise from the complex to combat flatfoot: the baby just needs to just walk on his heels.

Longitudinal flat feet.

Flat feet.

The relevance of the problem of flat feet in humans is great in connection with the prevalence of the disease. When flat feet suffer the whole body, and first of all the joints of the lower extremities, the spine and the brain. Therefore, it is very important to pay attention to the prevention and treatment of flatfoot.

Physiotherapy, foot, shin and back massage, as well as orthopedic insoles and orthopedic shoes are obligatory methods of flatfoot treatment. The foot stop is the deformation of the foot with a decrease in the depth of its arches, which considerably reduces the damping of the organism during walking, running, jumping, standing.

Flattening is longitudinal, transverse and mixed. Let's see what their differences are.

Transverse flatfoot.

Transverse flatfoot.

Compaction of the transverse arch of the foot. The foot looks broad, there are visible gaps between the toes, which normally should not be. In this case, the veins and nerve endings of the feet suffer, since they are squeezed when walking or standing. The veins on the feet may be dilated, which is associated with a violation of venous outflow due to compression of the veins from the sole side by a flat foot. Excess weight, heavy weights and standing work create an additional negative impact on the feet.

Exercises for transverse flatfoot : apply all possible movements of the foot except for the dilution of the fingers( withdrawal from the midline passing through the third finger).

Degrees of longitudinal flat feet.

Longitudinal flat feet.

Compaction of the fore foot: the foot is narrow, the walking is predominantly on the inside of the feet, the shoes are "slipped" inward, the heels wear out from the inside of the feet. Exercises for longitudinal flatfoot : apply all possible movements with stops except for pronation of the feet( you can not put a foot on the inner arch).

Mixed flat feet.

Combination of transverse and longitudinal flat feet.

Pay attention to these stops, like cakes!

The spring function is lost. The organism, protecting the brain from shaking during walking, running and jumping, compensates for the kyphosis of the thoracic spine. The deep bend in the thoracic region, and then the lordosis of the lumbar region, compensate for the effect of the spring to increase the depreciation of the brain. There stoop, and then kyphosis scoliosis. This is one of the complications of flatfoot.

There are complaints of pain and fatigue in the feet and in the lower legs, in the lower back, headache, general fatigue. Soreness when pressing on the middle of the sole. Mudiness of the skin of the soles above the heads of metatarsal bones. There is deformation of the fingers. Cramps in the legs at night. Working capacity is reduced.

In the , the complex of exercises with flat-footed on a mixed type does not include exercises with the dilution of the fingers to the sides and the setting of the feet on the inner arch.

Causes of flatfoot.

  1. Weakness of the musculoskeletal apparatus of the feet, hypodynamia.
  2. Long-term static loads( work as a cook, seller, hairdresser, etc.)
  3. Overweight, obesity, work as a loader.
  4. Wearing flat flat shoes without heel( longitudinal flat feet).Or, on the contrary, wearing shoes with too high a heel( transverse platypodia, valgus deformation of the feet - "bones")
  5. Injuries and fractures of the foot bones.
  6. Some nervous diseases.

Foot massage with flat feet.

The reason for going to an orthopedic doctor is a foot-to-back footwear, maybe fast fatigue when walking, pain and fatigue in the legs, back, headache.

For physiotherapy exercises with flatfoot you will need a rug, chair, foot massagers( simple, without automatic vibration), smooth stones of medium size, a wooden block with a height of 10-15 cm. It is advisable to have a Swedish wall.

Doctor Bubnovsky talks about problems with his legs: massage, stretching, exercises, hardening.

Complex of exercises for longitudinal-transverse flat feet.| |Therapeutic exercise

Self-massage of feet and shins.

I recommend using the cream "Malavtilin".

Warm up your hands, rubbing your palms against each other. Massage is performed along the course of venous blood flow from the limb( from the foot to the knee joint).

First, massage the posterior surface of the shin.

( stroking, grinding, kneading).

And a front massage - the lateral( lateral) surface of the shin.

( stroking, grinding, kneading).

Plane exercises in children

Physiotherapy exercises with certain exercises for the feet and feet are prescribed for children with all forms of flatfoot. Gymnastics with flat feet provides normalization of the motor system, increases the strength of the muscles of the legs, increases the physical performance of children

What are the tasks of exercise therapy with flat feet?

Physiotherapy exercises with flat feet in children poses the following tasks:

  1. Correction of deformity in the form of flattening of the arches in children
  2. Elimination of the altered position of the heel and the resulting contracture.
  3. The formation of correct posture in children

In the technique of exercise therapy, special exercises for flat feet are combined with general development.

At the first stage of gymnastics, exercise is used from the original positions lying and sitting. The goal is unloading stops. These exercises are combined with massage, thus the normalization of the tonus of the calf muscles occurs.

What exercises are special for flat feet?

For special exercises with flat feet doctors refer to exercises for toes with a gradual increase in its load. Recommended exercises with the capture of various objects with your toes, rolling of tennis balls, pencils, stick soles.

To fix the effect, orthopedists offer different types of walking. Normal walking is combined with walking on toes, on the heels, on the outer and inner edges of the foot. During the lessons, auxiliary objects, special adaptations in the form of bevelled surfaces, ribbed boards are used.

All special exercises are given in increasing dosage and are combined with general development exercises.

The effectiveness of therapeutic gymnastics is enhanced by complex treatment in combination with a rational motor regimen and the wearing of special orthopedic shoes.

Complex of special exercises with flat feet for use in exercise therapy exercises.

Exercises from the original lying position:

  1. Pull the toes of the feet, alternately and together, lifting and turning them inside
  2. Leaning feet in the floor, bend your knees. Spread the heels apart and return to their original position.
  3. Lying on the back, lift the heels off the floor together and in turn, the toes do not come off the floor.
  4. Lying on your back to divorce the hips and bend your knees, touch the plantar side of the feet to each other. Bend and unbend the feet in the heel area, placing emphasis on the front of the foot.
  5. Sliding movements to spend a foot along the shin of the other leg. Change your legs.

Exercises from the initial sitting position:

  1. Bind the feet together and alternately
  2. Bend the legs in the knees, place the feet parallel, lift the heels together and alternately.
  3. Take a pencil with your fingers and draw on paper lying on the floor.
  4. Place the shin of one leg on the knee of the other. Do circular movements of the foot in different directions. You can help with your hand. Repeat the same with the other foot.
  5. Circle the ball with your feet and lift it;
  6. Put the fabric under your feet and crush it;
  7. Grab your toes with small toes in turns and shift them to the side. Repeat the other way.

Exercises from the standing position standing:

  1. Place the legs parallel to the width of the foot, hands on the belt. Stand on the socks together and alternately. Raise yourself on the heels together and alternately. Roll over for 30 seconds from heels to socks and back.
  2. Squat on your toes, crouch on your half-bent legs.
  3. Stand on the outer edges of the feet, then return to the starting position.
  4. Stand on the gymnastic stick, put the stops parallel. Do sit-ups and half-squats.

Exercises while walking:

  1. Alternate walking on toes with walking on heels.
  2. Alternate walking on the outer edges of the feet with walking on toes and heels with bent knees.
  3. Alternate walking on toes and heels with walking on the outer edges of the feet on the ribbed board
  4. Alternate walking on the toes and heels with walking on the outer edges of the feet on the inclined board

It is possible to exercise exercise exercises and gymnastics for children with flat feet not only in a medical institution. Such simple exercises can( and should be!) Performed at home, using a massage mat. It is desirable to do gymnastics in the morning.

After completing the exercises, it is advisable to massage foot and ankle joints, rinse with cool water and again actively rub the feet with a hard terry towel.

If the child does not want to do the exercises, try playing with him in different animals. Walk with him on socks, on tiptoe, on the heels. Be a "bunny" or "bearded bear", arrange a contest for the best drawing, made with a pencil, fingers clamped feet. Perekutyvayte ball, cross the croup with your toes. The child will respond with pleasure to any game offered by parents. And you "kill" several hares at once, having fun talking with the child, giving positive emotions to the kid and yourself and you will spend a treatment session of flatfoot.

Copyright © 2014, pediatrics questions

LFK for flat feet - correct exercises for adults and children, flat-foot massage

Pathology, when the longitudinal or transverse arch of the foot falls, it flattenes, more than 50% of the adult population suffers. Such a violation of the anatomically correct structure of the foot is called a flatfoot.

When appointing a treatment complex, one should take into account how much the deformity of the foot has come. In later stages of the disease, surgical intervention may be necessary.

At the initial stages, in addition to using orthopedic insoles and liners, competently chosen exercises are aimed at strengthening the ligamentous apparatus and the muscles of the foot. LFK, i.e., therapeutic physical culture, makes the likelihood of healing extremely high. But this requires that the lessons are regular and systematic, otherwise there will be no effect.

LFK with flatfoot in adults

All exercises should be performed by taking off. The results will be visible after six months of regular sessions, the progression of flattening will stop. LFK is recommended for all degrees of flatfoot.

Movements that are performed standing:

  • Raises on the toes and then on the heels first from the position of the heel together with the socks apart, and then vice versa.
  • Transfer of body weight to the outer arches of the foot and return to the initial position.
  • Low thrusts alternately on both legs. Keep your back straight. Perform up to 10 repetitions.

The movements that are performed sitting on the edge of the chair with the feet parallel:

  • Simultaneous lifting of the fingers of one and the heel of the second leg.
  • Tearing socks off the floor on each leg in turn and on both together.
  • Tear off the heels from the floor on each leg in turn and on both together.
  • Put your foot on the foot to do rotational movements of the foot.
  • The image is the foot of the movement of the caterpillar, i.e., the bending of the fingers and then pulling the heels to them.
  • Collecting fingers from the floor of scattered small objects.
  • Rises of straightened legs together or alternately to the maximum height with the pulling of socks or heels.

Movements that should be done lying on the back:

  • Simultaneous or alternate pulling of the toes.
  • The heels of the heels simultaneously or in turn do not tear off the toes of the feet from the floor surface.
  • Bend your legs, spreading your hips in different directions. Stops to connect with each other and without tearing off your fingers to pat your heels.
  • Grab the soles of a ball weighing about a kilogram, lift it above the floor and lower it.
  • Perform stroking movements of the sole on the leg of the second leg.

Exercises with a stick:

  • Rolling a stick with each foot and both together on the floor. You can do the exercise standing or sitting for 10 minutes.
  • With transverse flatfoot, walking helps across the stick. Stand on it in the middle of the foot and step sideways from one side of the stick to the other.
  • With longitudinal flat feet, walking along the sticks helps. Stand up so that the stick was located along the foot, and go along it in front of the socks, and then back to back in advance.
  • It is also necessary to include in the complex the steps on the outer arches of the feet, on the toes, along the ribbed surface, along the slope, the uneven surface.
  • It is useful to do "goose step", moving in squat and dragging your feet.

LFK with flat feet in children

There are diseases that are easier to prevent than cure, and flat foot refers to them. The emergence of this pathology in a child is most often due to the fact that its bones have not grown stronger, and the muscles and ligaments are still weak .Therefore, the treatment is aimed specifically at strengthening the ligamentous and muscular apparatus. If the child has prerequisites for flatfoot or there is an initial stage of the disease, it is worth paying attention to the following exercises:

  • With both soles grasp the ball and lift above the floor.
  • Perform rides from heels to socks and back.
  • Make compressing movements with your feet, holding the ball between them.
  • Sitting with his feet pressed to the floor with his fingers, pull the cloth with a small object lying on it.
  • Sitting on the floor to bend your legs, spread the knees and hips to the sides, and put the feet together. Then straighten your legs as long as you can keep your feet open.
  • Sitting to draw in the air stops of the straight legs of the circle in both directions.
  • Sitting on the floor with the fingers of one foot, pat the lower leg from the toe to the knee. Carry out a few strokes with each foot.
  • Taking a pen or pencil in your toes, draw different shapes or letters on a piece of paper. Walking on pebbles.
  • Stepping on the heels, toes and the outside of the foot.

Massage with flat feet

A wonderful healing effect is provided by massage. It increases muscle tone and normalizes blood circulation, reduces pain and fatigue in the feet.

It is necessary to massage not only the foot, but also to perform foot massage entirely. Massaging can be done both before and after the gym. Easy self-massage can be done at home on your own.

The basic position for self-massage - the bent leg rests against the edge of the chair.

  • With one hand, it is necessary to lift the ring finger, and the second to pull down the little finger. Then change the other way around. Make this movement several times. Stretch all the fingers in this way.
  • With one hand, hold the heel, and the second to bend and unbend all the toes at the same time. Make several times.
  • Rub the legs from the fingers to the ankle for 20 seconds.
  • About a minute, actively massage the bases of the toes on the sole, and then half a minute to knead the heel.
  • Stroke the foot from the fingers to the heel on both sides with both hands for 30 seconds.
  • Grabbing an ankle with your hands to do a strong stroking to the knee. Then, in the same way, carry out several kneading movements and again perform strokes.
  • Do similar to previous movements, but from knee to groin.
  • At the end of the massage, you need to stroke the entire leg from the foot to the groin.
  • Repeat massage movements for the second leg.

When faced with a diagnosis of flat feet, do not let the disease run its course. Regular exercises of exercise therapy and massage will help on the way to health. The complex of exercises should be selected individually on the recommendation of the orthopedist.

LFK at a flatfoot - MEDLAB

Disappointing statistics show that in almost half of the people, by the age of fifty, the flat-foot develops, and most often it concerns women. There are several reasons for the appearance of flat feet: they are congenital weakness of muscles and ligaments, and obesity, and trauma, and diseases of the joints and vessels of the legs, in addition, flat feet can be caused by the constant wearing of tight shoes or shoes on too high a heel. Symptom of the beginning of flatfoot is swelling, pain in the legs, appearing at the end of the day, shoes that used to be just on the foot become tight. Flat feet are not uncommon in children.

Curing the flatfoot is very difficult, the main method of treatment is exercise therapy( LFK).When flatfoot are observed not only a violation of the functions of the foot, the pathological changes that occur also affect the shin, thigh, and spine. Therefore, the exercise complex for exercise therapy should include exercises not only for the foot, but also for the muscles of the abdomen, back, front surface of the thigh, gluteal and calf muscles.

Methods of Exposure

The basis of the treatment of flatfoot is the physical load on the entire body. In addition, special gymnastics and massage are needed, which strengthens the musculoskeletal system of the foot. At the beginning of flatfoot treatment with the help of exercise therapy it is desirable to use only two initial positions: sitting and lying, since in this case the load on the foot is minimal. Therapeutic exercise with flat feet is based on supination of the feet with their simultaneous bending. If the exercises are carried out from the initial standing position, then the toes of the feet should be together, and the heels on the contrary are diverged to the sides. LFK includes various exercises with special adaptations, with lifting on socks, walking.

Action of exercise therapy with flatfoot

Physiotherapy is prescribed for all patients in any form of flatfoot. The main tasks of treatment in this case are strengthening the whole body, increasing endurance and strength of the leg muscles, increasing the body's resistance and performance. In addition, with the help of exercise therapy with flatfoot it is possible to reduce the deformation of the foot, the formation of a correct posture, getting rid of the supination contracture of the fore foot and of the penetrated position of the heel. Also, exercise therapy is aimed at normalizing the motor sphere, strengthening the muscles and ligaments of the foot and shin, and developing the correct position of the feet when walking.


At the beginning of the exercise therapy for flatfoot , exercises that are performed standing are not recommended, since there is a large load on the feet. Important during treatment is the determination of the correct position of the foot and fixing it. For this, special exercises have been developed for training flexors and tibial muscles, when exercising them, the load on the feet and resistance should gradually increase. Strengthening the posterior and anterior tibial muscles results in a decrease or elimination of the flattening of the inner arch.

In the treatment of flatfoot, a significant improvement is achieved when performing exercises that involve contact with small objects( grasping them with toes, shifting), and to achieve a positive result it is necessary to perform exercises for rolling a stick, squeezing a rubber object, etc.,useful and cycling, the pedals of which are made in the form of a cone-shaped roller. In addition, it is desirable that the exercise complex exercise included walking on a rope or a log, walking barefoot on pebbles or sand. After achieving the desired result, it is necessary to fix it. For this, walking is used. You need to walk alternately on the heels, on the toes, on the outer edge of the foot.

In order for exercise therapy to produce tangible results, it is necessary to practice regularly and preferably in the morning, because at that time the muscles have not yet managed to get tired. But one should not expect a quick effect, the treatment may take several months, and perhaps a couple of years.

An example of exercises for the treatment of flatfoot may be the following:

  1. lie down, stretch your arms along the body, and legs spread apart to the width of your feet, bend and unbend your toes;
  2. the starting position, too, as in the previous exercise. Rotate your feet towards the center;
  3. lying, clasp your feet with a ball, weighing one and a half kilograms, raise and lower your legs, trying not to miss it;
  4. the starting position: lying on the stomach, hands along the trunk with the palms down, legs together, slowly raise the right leg and at the same time lift the body, then go back to the starting position and repeat everything with the left foot. When performing the exercise on the rise, you need to inhale, and on returning to the starting position - breathe out. The exercise is repeated five to six times;
  5. sit on a chair and cross your feet, put your hands on your knees. The outer sides of the feet turn downward, while making effort, the inner sides at this time rise upwards;
  6. sit on a chair and spread the feet slightly. The right hand is clenched into a fist and is between tightly closed knees. Raise the inner sides of the feet, while trying to press the outer sides as much as possible to the floor;
  7. sit on the floor and stretch your legs, placing your feet parallel to each other. Fingers and front parts of the feet pull to yourself and turn them outward smooth motion of the shin;
  8. sit on the chair and pull out the legs, fix the front parts of the feet with a harness, the ends of which take up arms, then, overcoming the resistance, pull the tourniquet upon yourself;
  9. stand up, spread your legs to the width of your shoulders, arms stretched along the body. Rise to the socks and return to the starting position;
  10. the starting position is the same as in the previous exercise. Lean on the outside of your feet, unclench and squeeze your fingers.

Each exercise is performed ten to twelve times. All exercises are performed slowly, without sudden movements.{seolinks disallow linkID = '240'}


-1 # 1Hope15.10.2014 17: 38The flat foot was found half a year ago, the orthopedist immediately prescribed a massage and exercise therapy, showed what exercises should be performed. And of course we wear special shoes, improvements are noticeable

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Longitudinal and transverse flat feet - treatment of proskastia, prevention, massage, exercise therapy exercise therapy with flat feet

Continuing the conversation about flatfoot, today we will consider in more detail the transverse flatfoot,as well as methods of treatment and prevention of both transverse and longitudinal flat feet.

The most unpleasant truth about this disease is that it is almost not treated. The later you start to heal flat feet, the less you will have a chance to get rid of it. Therefore, prevention is the main way to prevent this formidable disease.

Completely get rid of flat feet for adults is impossible, but when it is discovered in childhood, there is still a chance.

Transverse platypodia

In the case of transverse flatfoot, the bones of the foot that are located in the area of ​​the toe position diverge. In this case, the inner part of the big toe is deflected outward and a painful lump is formed. Significant changes occur with the middle finger, it curves to the bottom and looks like a hammer or a hook in appearance.

The transverse flatfoot is subdivided into 3 degrees, which are determined depending on the angle of deviation of the thumb from its normal position when it is directed forward.

  1. Flattening of the first degree. The thumb is diverted by an angle of not more than 20 degrees. As the bones of the foot "part", when walking in the shoes, the fingers change their normal position and begin to rub themselves more intensely with shoes, they appear uncomfortable thickening of the skin, which is called natoptyshi. In the case of prolonged stress on the legs, walking or standing, at the first degree of transverse flatfoot, the legs begin to get tired more quickly. In addition to these symptoms, the thumb of the thumb begins to bulge sideways, which acquires the soreness
  2. Platypodia of the second degree. The corncobs continue to grow and increase in size. The arch of the foot in the area of ​​the fingers almost disappears, and the thumb curved inwards by an angle that can be up to 35 degrees. Since the leg is already hard to put on the shoes in the width, the shoes begin to press on the foot from the sides and on the bulging thumb of the thumb starts to form a considerable size of the foot. At this degree of transverse flatfoot there are already considerable pains with prolonged load on the legs.
  3. Flattened third degree. The big toe has a very significant bend inside the foot( from 35 degrees and above), the foot around the fingers is completely flattened, the other fingers look like a hook bent to the bottom. It is very difficult to walk, painful sensations are noted at any load.

The degrees of longitudinal and transverse flatfoot, described in this and the previous article, can be only their combination. In that case, as they say, "it's all very sad."

Having studied the transverse flatfoot a little, it's time to move on to the most important issue of this article, "How to treat flatfoot?"

Fertility prevention and treatment of flatfoot

Plane-foot surgery is divided into 2 main types

  • Conservative
  • Surgical

The main goals of treatment with flatfoot are aimed primarily at strengthening the muscles and ligaments, because their weakening is the main cause of flatfoot. Since it is impossible to completely heal, especially adults, it is necessary to somehow secure the body, in particular the spine from traumatic influences and prevent, or at least significantly slow the development of this disease.

If possible, conservative flat foot therapy is used, including curative gymnastics, the use of special orthopedic insoles and shoes, massage and other methods. Apply it in cases when the disease is not very neglected and has not reached grade 3.

The third degree of flatfoot, unfortunately, almost does not give in to conservative treatment, and patients are forced to resort to surgical intervention, in which ligaments are cut, the curvature of the thumb is removed and the vaults of the foot are corrected.

About how the platypodia is surgically treated, I will not be widely spread, in practice, at home, surgical methods of treating this disease are not possible. I will dwell on the methods of conservative treatment and prevention with which I am not familiar by hearsay and which are accessible to everyone and allow either to slow down or completely stop the development of flat feet.

The main components of conservative treatment and prevention of flatfoot

  • Physiotherapy( ASF)
  • Massage
  • The use of insteps and orthopedic insoles

The main goal of all measures of conservative treatment is, first of all, preventing the development of the disease and relieving the soreness caused by foot deformation.

Physiotherapy exercises with flatfoot

The goal of exercise therapy with flatfoot is to strengthen weakened ligaments and muscles, to consolidate the results achieved in treatment( including surgical) and thereby prevent the development of the disease. Therapeutic exercise should be practiced every day for at least 10-15 minutes, but it will be better if you do this several times a day. Just want to warn you that exercise therapy is effective only in longitudinal flatfoot, with the transverse influence of it minimally due to the fact that the muscles of the shins, which in this case are trained, have practically no effect on the transverse arch of the foot.

Below I present a small complex exercise exercise therapy with flat feet. Study it, and again, do it daily.

Exercises of exercise therapy with flatfoot

The first 2 exercises are performed while sitting on the floor:

  • Tightly connect the straightened legs, so that the heels and knees touch each other. Maximize the leg of your left leg and try to wind the front of your right foot under the soleplate of your right foot. Repeat the exercise by changing your legs.
  • The starting position too. Bend the right foot and stroke the lower leg of the left foot with the sole of the right foot, placing emphasis on the inner surface of the foot.

For the next 5 exercises, it is necessary to sit on a chair or sofa

  • For a minute, slowly bend the toes of the feet
  • For the next exercise, you need a ball. Grab it with the inner surfaces of the feet and lift it up. Repeat several times.
  • Take any small object: pen, pencil, finger battery. Grab it with your toes and lift it up. Repeat several times, then change your legs.
  • Replace the small object with something soft, such as a sponge and repeat the previous exercise
  • Spread the towel on the floor and try to crush it, and then spread it with your toes

Exercises in standing position

  • Stand straight, put the feet in parallel and go up on your toes. From this position, smoothly go to the outside of the feet and again take the initial position on the toes of the
  • Walk around the room on the outside of the foot, bending the fingers of the
  • Walk around the room on tiptoe

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